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Owner’s Manual
Saab 9-5, Model Year 2000
Safety 11
Security 31
Instruments and controls 45
Saab 9-5 Audio System 77
Interior equipment and trunk 101
Starting and driving 129
Car care and technical information 165
Maintenance and owner assistance 217
Specifications 225
Index 241
©
Saab Automobile AB 1998
Service Readiness, Saab Automobile AB, Trollhättan, Sweden
Printed in Sweden
1

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Inhalt der Seiten


  • Page 1

    1

    Owner’s Manual
    Saab 9-5, Model Year 2000
    Safety
    Security
    Instruments and controls
    Saab 9-5 Audio System
    Interior equipment and trunk
    Starting and driving
    Car care and technical information
    Maintenance and owner assistance
    Specifications
    Index

    © Saab Automobile AB 1998

    Service Readiness, Saab Automobile AB, Trollhättan, Sweden
    Printed in Sweden

    11
    31
    45
    77
    101
    129
    165
    217
    225
    241



  • Page 2

    2
    NOTE

    IB337

    NOTE texts warn of potential damage to
    the car if the recommendations are not
    followed.

    Introduction
    This manual provides practical guidance on
    driving and caring for your Saab.
    The Saab 9-5 is available with the following
    engine variants:
    • 2.3t Ecopower.
    • 2.3 Turbo Ecopower.
    • 3.0t Ecopower.
    Although the manual describes the most
    important differences between model variants, it does not include precise specifications of the different variants. Some differences also occur to meet special legal
    requirements in different countries.
    Importation and distribution of Saab automobiles, spare parts and accessories are
    handled exclusively by General Motors of
    Canada Limited in Canada and by Saab
    Cars USA, Inc. in the U.S.A.

    We recommend that you read through the
    manual before taking the car out for the first
    time and that you keep it in the car for future
    reference.
    To find a specific item, use the overviews
    given on pages 3-7. A list of contents is
    given at the beginning of each section of the
    manual, and there is also a comprehensive
    index at the back of the book.
    Supplied with the car is a Warranties and
    Service Record booklet and a tire warranty
    folder which specifies the regular maintenance to be carried out. The book also contains important warranty conditions.

    WARNING
    WARNING texts warn against the danger
    of injury if the specified instructions are
    not followed.

    Since the policy at Saab is one of continual
    improvement, we retain the right to incorporate modifications and to alter specifications
    during production without prior notice.
    If you have any queries concerning your car,
    its equipment, the warranty conditions or
    the like, your Saab dealer will be pleased to
    help.
    Best wishes,
    Saab Automobile AB
    The fitting of accessories that are not approved
    by Saab Automobile AB can damage other parts
    of the car.
    The specifications, design particulars and illustrations included in the manual are not binding.



  • Page 3

    3

    Instrument panel

    Indicator and warning lights ______
    Speedometer _________________
    Odometer and trip meter ________
    Fuel gauge __________________
    Engine temperature gauge ______

    46
    53
    52
    53
    53

    Trip computer
    (Saab Information Display, SID) __ 54
    Night panel __________________ 59
    Clock _______________________ 60
    Traction Control (TCS) Switch 51, 147

    Parking lights ____________ 61
    High/low beam __________ 61
    Daytime running lights _____ 61
    Rear fog light ____________ 62
    Instrument illumination _____ 62
    Changing bulbs _________ 182

    Hazard warning lights _____ 63

    Wipers and washers ______ 65
    Washer fluid ___________ 180
    Replacing wiper blades __ 180

    High/low beam control stalk 61
    Turn signal and lane change
    indicator _______________ 62
    Cruise control __________ 145

    Audio system ___________ 77
    Steering-wheel controls____ 94
    Front fog lights ___________ 63

    Seat heating controls __________ 106
    Ventilated front seats ___________ 105

    IB1080

    Audio system steering-wheel
    controls ________________ 94

    Ashtrays ___________________ 112
    Cigarette lighter ______________ 112

    Climate control system:
    automatic _____________ 67
    Air conditioning: simple
    fault diagnosis _________ 206



  • Page 4

    4

    Exterior
    Sunroof _______________
    Washing the car ________
    Waxing and polishing ____
    Touching-up of paintwork _
    Anticorrosion treatment ___
    Service program_________

    Roof-rack load _______________
    Mounting holes for roof rack ____
    Maximum loads ______________
    Rearview mirrors _____________

    155
    155
    226
    108

    Hood ______________________ 166
    Engine compartment: washing __ 210

    111
    209
    209
    211
    211
    221

    Front lights _____________ 61
    Headlight switch _________ 61
    High/low beam
    control stalk ____________ 61
    Direction indicators _______ 62
    Headlamp wipers ________ 65
    Changing bulbs ________ 182

    Light switches ___________ 61
    Changing bulbs _________ 182
    • Tail lights _____________ 185
    • Stop lights ____________ 185

    Luggage compartment _________ 116
    Folding down the rear seat,
    9-5 Sedan ___________________ 116
    Folding down the rear seat,
    9-5 Wagon __________________ 119
    Trunk _______________________ 116
    Tool kit ______________________ 126
    Spare wheel _____________ 126, 154
    Jack ________________________ 203

    IB580

    Driving with a trailer ______ 152
    Towing ________________ 158
    Towrope attachment eyes _ 158

    Fuel gauge __________________ 53
    Fuel filler flap ________________ 134
    Refueling ___________________ 134
    Fuel economy _______________ 149
    Fuel grade __________________ 228

    Central lock ____________
    Interior locking buttons ____
    Child safety lock catch ____
    Trunk/tailgate lid lock _____
    Car alarm (anti-theft alarm)

    Brakes and braking ___________
    Winter driving ________________
    Wheels and tires _____________
    Wheel changing ______________
    Spare wheel _________________
    Wheel and tire specifications ____

    32
    34
    35
    36
    38

    146
    150
    198
    203
    154
    233



  • Page 5

    5

    Interior

    Interior lighting ________________ 64
    Sunroof ____________________ 111
    Interior lighting: changing bulbs __ 189

    Internal rearview mirror ________ 108
    Door mirrors _________________ 108
    Sun visors___________________ 112

    Steering-wheel adjustment 107
    Airbag (SRS) ____________ 23
    Power steering _________ 176
    Steering-wheel controls ____ 94

    Safety belts _____________ 12
    Airbag (SRS) ___________ 23
    Child seats _____________ 18
    Child safety lock catch ____ 35
    Safety belt care ________ 207

    Seat adjustment ________ 102
    Seat heating ___________ 106
    Ventilated front seats _____ 105
    Safety belts _____________ 12
    Child seats _____________ 18
    Folding down the rear seat,
    9-5 Sedan _____________ 116
    Folding down the rear seat,
    9-5 Wagon ____________ 119
    Upholstery: cleaning _____ 208
    Side airbags (SRS) _______ 28

    Glove compartment _____ 113

    IB581

    Manual transmission ____ 137
    Automatic transmission __ 138

    Electric windows _____________
    Ignition switch _______________
    Starting the engine ___________
    Break-In period_______________
    Driving in hot weather _________
    Driving in winter ______________
    Parking ____________________

    110
    130
    131
    137
    151
    150
    162



  • Page 6

    6

    Engine compartment,
    4-cyl engine

    Engine: description ___________
    Engine oil level: checking ______
    Engine oil: changing __________
    Engine oil specification ________

    170
    171
    172
    229

    Warning labels ___________ 8
    V.I.N. number __________ 235
    Engine number _________ 235
    Gearbox number ________ 235
    Color code _____________ 235

    Brakes and braking ___________
    ABS brakes _________________
    Brake system ________________
    Brake fluid __________________
    Brake pads __________________

    146
    146
    175
    233
    233

    Fuse panels ___________
    Changing a fuse ________
    Table of fuses __________
    Relays _______________

    192
    192
    194
    195

    Power steering __________ 176
    Steering fluid: grade _____ 176

    130
    179
    230
    133

    IB583

    Ignition system _________
    Drive belts _____________
    Spark plugs ____________
    Catalytic converter ______

    Temperature gauge ______ 53
    Driving in hot weather ____ 151
    Driving in winter_________ 150
    Coolant:
    checking/changing __ 174 / 175
    Cooling-system capacity _ 228

    Wiper/washer control stalk _ 65
    Washer fluid: topping-up __ 181
    Washer jets ___________ 181

    Important considerations
    for driving ___________________ 132
    Turbo unit ___________________ 167
    Engine: technical data __________ 228

    Manual transmission __________
    Automatic transmission ________
    Manual transmission oil ________
    Automatic-transmission fluid ____

    137
    138
    232
    232

    Jump starting ________________ 177
    Battery _____________________ 177
    Battery charge _______________ 177



  • Page 7

    7

    Engine compartment,
    6-cyl engine

    Engine: description ___________
    Engine oil level: checking ______
    Engine oil: changing __________
    Engine oil specification ________

    170
    171
    172
    229

    Warning labels ___________ 8
    V.I.N. number __________ 235
    Engine number _________ 235
    Gearbox number ________ 235
    Color code _____________ 235

    Brakes and braking ___________
    ABS brakes _________________
    Brake system ________________
    Brake fluid __________________
    Brake pads __________________

    146
    146
    175
    233
    233

    Fuse panels ___________
    Changing a fuse ________
    Table of fuses __________
    Relays _______________

    192
    192
    194
    195

    Power steering _________ 176
    Steering fluid: grade _____ 176

    130
    179
    230
    133

    Important considerations
    for driving ___________________ 132
    Turbo unit ___________________ 167
    Engine: technical data __________ 228

    IB585

    Ignition system _________
    Drive belts _____________
    Spark plugs ____________
    Catalytic converter ______

    Engine temperature gauge _ 53
    Driving in hot weather ____ 151
    Driving in cold climate ____ 150
    Coolant:
    checking/changing _ 174 / 175
    Cooling-system capacity _ 228

    Wiper/washer control stalk _ 65
    Washer fluid: topping-up __ 181
    Washer jets ___________ 181

    Automatic transmission ________ 138
    Automatic-transmission fluid ____ 232

    Jump starting ________________ 177
    Battery _____________________ 177
    Battery charge _______________ 177



  • Page 8

    8
    WARNING

    Refrigerant under high pressure

    Do not loosen or remove the A/C system fitting
    before charging the A/C system. Improper
    servicing methods may cause personal injury.
    SYSTEM TO BE SERVICED BY QUALIFIED PERSONNEL
    ONLY. for instructions consult workshop manual.
    The A/C system complies with SAE J639

    ATTENTION

    Charge: 875 g R134a
    Compressor oil:
    145cc PAG oil ND-8 alt
    SAAB oil 4319752
    SK-20

    Refrigerant sous haute pression

    WL3

    Ne pas desserrer les connexions du systeme A/C
    Charge: 875 g R134a
    avant l’evacuation du refrigerant. Une methode
    Muile de compresseur
    de service erronee peut causes des lesions.
    145cc PAG oil ND-8 ou
    L’ENTRETIEN DOIT ETRE FAIT PAR UN PERSONNAL
    SAAB oil 4319752
    QUALIFIE. Consulter le manuel de service.
    SK-20
    ca systeme eat conforme a la norme SAE J639
    Manufactured by SAAB Automobile AB, Trollhatten, Sweden

    R134a

    4756961

    WL35

    Warning labels

    A/C system
    Refrigerant at high pressure.
    Always drain the A/C system before undoing any connections. Failure to
    follow prescribed procedures can result in injury. System to be serviced by
    authorized personnel only. See Workshop Service Manual for correct procedures.
    The A/C system complies with SAE J639.
    Refrigerant: 875 g of R134a.
    Refrigeration oil: 145 cc of PAG ND-8 oil or Saab 4319752 SK 20 oil

    WL2

    Drive belt
    Danger! Moving belt

    Brake fluid
    CLEAN FILLER CAP BEFORE
    REMOVING. USE ONLY DOT 4
    FLUID FROM SEALED CONTAINER.

    WL36

    IB1081

    IB336

    Radiator fan
    The radiator fan can cut in even
    after engine has been switched
    off.









    NO SMOKING
    AVOID SPARKS AND NAKED FLAMES
    KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN
    SEE OWNER’S MANUAL
    WEAR EYE PROTECTION
    FLAMMABLE GAS
    ACID

    Battery
    Contains corrosive sulfuric acid (40%)
    • FLAMMABLE GASES formed when car running and during charging
    of battery
    • Always wear eye protection when working on the battery
    • Smoking, open flames and sparks can all cause battery to explode
    • See Owner’s Manual before using jump leads
    • Battery acid can cause SERIOUS BURNS
    • Keep battery upright
    • Avoid contact with eyes, skin and clothing
    • If contact made with acid, flush affected area with water and seek medical help
    KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN



  • Page 9

    IB1195

    9

    CANADA

    Door mirrors
    Do not trap
    your fingers
    when folding
    out the mirrors

    USA

    IB336

    WL26

    AIR BAG
    WARNING
    Flip visor over

    CANADA

    50 10 111

    USA
    WARNING
    DEATH or SERIOUS INJURY can occur.
    • Children 12 and under can be killed by the air bag.
    • The BACK SEAT is the SAFEST place for children.
    • NEVER put a rear-facing child seat in the front.
    • Sit as far back as possible from the air bag.
    • ALWAYS use SEAT BELTS and CHILD RESTAINTS.

    Door mirrors
    Do not trap
    your fingers
    when folding
    out the mirrors

    Child security lock
    Locked.
    The door can only be
    opened from outside.
    Safety catch (9-5 Wagon)
    Locked
    The tailgate cannot be
    opened from the inside.



  • Page 10

    10

    IB994

    IB336

    IB963

    IB989

    Long loads
    Always SECURE LOAD to prevent it from
    shifting during transport.
    An unsecured load could cause passenger
    injuries in braking situations or in the event of
    a collision.
    Cover sharp edges with a protective wrap.
    Max. weight: 33 lbs. (15 kg)
    Max. length: 6" 6 inches (2 m)
    See your Owner’s Manual before securing
    loads.

    Jack (Text printed on jack)
    Use on Saab 9-5 & 9-3.Use on level ground only.
    Use vehicle support stands. Safe working load
    2000 lbs. (1,000 kg). For more information see
    your owner´s manual.

    Jack
    – Jack is designed only for changing a tire or
    mounting tire snow chains.
    – Car must be level and jack must be placed on
    firm and level ground.
    – Never crawl underneath car when it is jacked
    up.
    JACKING INSTRUCTIONS
    1 Set parking brake and shift transmission to
    park.
    2 Fit top of jack into jacking point next to wheel
    to be changed (See illustrations).
    3 Crank jack so that car begins to lift.
    4 Remove center cap by inserting a screw
    driver under cap and prying up.
    5 Using socket wrench in tool kit, loosen wheel
    bolts one-half turn.
    6 Raise car so that tire clears ground. Loosen
    wheel bolts completely and remove wheel.
    7 Mount spare wheel and tighten bolts enough
    so wheel is not loose.
    8 Lower car. Tighten wheel bolts in crosswise
    order (See illustrations).



  • Page 11

    Safety

    11

    Safety

    IB1274

    Safety belts.........................
    Child safety.........................
    Airbag (Supplemental
    Restraint System "SRS").

    12
    18
    23



  • Page 12

    12

    Safety

    Safety belts

    Safety-belt pretensioners
    The belts of the front seats are fitted with
    automatic pretensioners, which are activated in the event of a severe frontal collision or very violent rear-end collision. They
    serve to reduce the forward movement of
    the body by tensioning the belt.
    The belt pretensioners do not activate in
    less severe frontal collisions, nor to side collisions, or rollovers.

    WARNING

    Child safety, see page 18.
    Check that the locking tongue is properly
    locked in the belt lock (see page 17).
    The A-pillar area (area beside the windshield) and the headlining of your Saab
    contain padding designed to reduce head
    injuries. No modifications to these areas
    should be made unless done so by your
    authorized Saab dealer.

    FASTEN BELTS

    IB409

    Safety belts must be worn at all times by
    all car occupants.

    Bear in mind that in certain states it is a legal
    requirement for all occupants of the car to
    wear a seat belt.

    Safety-belt reminder
    Three-point inertia-reel safety belts are provided for all seats.
    Research has established that it is dangerous for rear-seat passengers not to wear
    their safety belts.
    Otherwise, in the event of an accident, the
    rear-seat passengers can be thrown forward against the front-seat backrests,
    imposing much higher stresses on the
    front-seat passengers and belts and resulting in needless injury to everyone in the car.

    WARNING
    Adjustments of the safety belt should be
    done when the car is stationary so that
    attention to traffic is not reduced.

    When the ignition is switched on, the ”fasten
    belts” reminder will light up until the driver or
    front-seat passenger are wearing their
    belts. In addition an audible signal sounds
    for 6 seconds, or until the driver fastens his
    belt.

    WARNING
    If the car is involved in a collision, the
    safety belts, belt pretensioners and other
    components must be inspected by an
    authorized Saab dealer and replaced as
    necessary.
    Never make any alterations or repairs to
    the safety belt yourself but visit an authorized Saab dealer.



  • Page 13

    Safety
    Correct position for safety belt
    • The lap portion of the belt should be
    pulled as tightly as comfortable and as
    low as possible across the hips, so that it
    is just touching the top of the thighs. The
    shoulder belt should be well in on the
    shoulder but not touching the neck.

    Proper positioning of the safety belt is
    extremely important. An out of position
    safety belt can result in the wearer sliding
    underneath the belt in a collision (submarining) and injury can result from the lap
    portion cutting into the abdomen.
    • Check to ensure that the belt is not twisted
    or rubbing against any sharp edges.
    • There should not be any slack in the belt.
    Pull the belt tight – particularly important
    when thick outer clothing is worn.

    IB410

    WARNING

    Correctly positioned safety belt
    • Refrain from tilting the backrest more than
    necessary, as the safety belt provides
    better protection when the seat is in the
    more upright position.
    • Only one person per safety belt!

    WARNING
    If two people share a belt, they risk injury
    by being crushed together in the event of
    an accident.

    13

    • For most of the time a safety belt is worn,
    the retractor will allow the wearer freedom
    of movement. The retractor locks up automatically if the belt is jerked or withdrawn
    sharply, the car tilts, the brakes are
    applied hard or a collision occurs.
    • Children who have grown out of a child
    seat should be restrained by the car’s
    standard three-point belts. Make sure that
    the shoulder belt is not in contact with the
    neck or throat. If it is, a booster seat/cushion may be necessary.

    WARNING
    Never fasten the safety belt with the
    shoulder belt behind the body or pull the
    belt off the shoulder and under the arm.



  • Page 14

    To fasten the belt

    IB412

    Press the red button to release the belt

    Front safety belts
    Fasten the belt by pulling the belt and inserting the tongue in the buckle. Check that it is
    securely fastened.
    Grasp the shoulder belt close to the buckle
    and pull the belt towards the shoulder to
    tighten the lap belt part.
    Then grip the belt at the shoulder, pull it out
    and, without letting go, allow the slack to be
    taken up by the reel. Make sure that the belt
    is well in on the shoulder.
    Because the lower belt-anchorage points
    are on the seat, the belt buckle follows the
    movement of the seat during seat adjustment.

    IB413

    Safety

    IB411

    14

    Automatic height adjustment on door pillar

    Belt height adjustment
    To release the belt, press the red button on
    the belt buckle, as illustrated.
    See page 207 for the checking of belt function, cleaning, etc.

    The front safety belts and the outside belts
    in the rear are equipped with automatic
    height adjustment.
    After fastening the belt, grasp it at chest
    height, pull it out and, without letting go,
    allow the slack to be taken up by the reel.
    Make sure that the belt is well in on the
    shoulder.



  • Page 15

    IB414

    Safety

    Safety belt use during pregnancy
    Pregnant women must always wear a
    safety belt to protect both themselves and
    the unborn child.
    The lap portion of the belt should be worn as
    low as possible across the hips – below the
    abdomen throughout the pregnancy.

    15



  • Page 16

    16

    Safety

    Safety belt, rear seat

    WARNING
    • Make sure that the belt does not
    become trapped when the backrest is
    folded down or raised (see page 116).

    Securing an item on the rear seat

    • If a cargo has to be placed on a seat,
    it must be properly secured with the
    safety belt. This reduces the risk of
    the cargo being thrown about during
    hard braking or a possible collision,
    which could cause personal injury.
    • Check that the belt is not twisted or
    lying against sharp edges.
    IB416

    Three-point safety belts are provided for all
    three rear-seat passengers.
    Fasten the belt by pulling out the strap carefully and inserting the tongue in the lock.
    Check that it is securely fastened.
    Then grip the diagonal part of the strap near
    the lock and pull the belt upwards towards
    the shoulder to tighten the lap strap. The lap
    strap should lie low over the hips.
    The diagonal part should lie as far in on the
    shoulder as possible.
    To release the belt, press the red button on
    the belt lock.
    See page 207 for the checking of belt function, cleaning, etc.

    IB415
    IB???

    Safety belt, rear seat



  • Page 17

    Safety
    Lockable belt tongue

    Care should be taken to avoid contamination of the webbing with polishes, oils and
    chemicals, and particularly battery acid.
    Cleaning may safely be carried out using
    mild soap and water. The belt should be
    replaced if webbing becomes frayed,
    contaminated or damaged.

    IB822

    In fitting a child seat that is intended to be
    secured in position by the lap portion of the
    safety belt, make use of the locking function
    of the buckle.
    Locking the lap portion of the belt lessens
    the risk that the seat will work loose while
    the car is in motion.
    The button for the locking function is located
    on the back of the buckle.
    1 Position the child seat in the back of the
    car.
    2 To activate the locking function, move
    the locking button on the tongue of the
    belt to the position marked
    ”CHILD SEAT” (item 1 in the figure) in
    order to activate the locking function.
    3 Secure the base of the child seat with
    the lap portion of the safety belt in accordance with the installation instructions
    accompanying the child seat.
    4 Grasp the shoulder part of the safety belt
    and pull it upwards to tighten the lap portion against the child seat.
    5 Check for correct locking function by
    pulling on the lap portion of the belt. The
    belt must not unreel.

    17

    Locking the lap belt
    1 Locked
    2 Unlocked

    WARNING
    Safety belts are designed to bear upon
    the bony structure of the body, and should
    be worn low across the front of the pelvis
    or the pelvis, chest and shoulders, as
    applicable; wearing the lap portion of the
    belt across the abdominal area must be
    avoided.
    Safety belts should be adjusted as firmly
    as possible, consistent with comfort, to
    provide the protection for which they have
    been designed. A loose belt will greatly
    reduce the protection afforded to the
    wearer.

    It is essential to replace the entire assembly after it has been worn in a severe
    impact even if damage to the assembly is
    not obvious.
    Belts should not be worn with straps
    twisted.
    Each belt assembly must only be used by
    one occupant; it is dangerous to put a belt
    around a child being carried on the occupant´s lap.

    WARNING
    No modifications or additions should be
    made by the user which will either prevent
    the safety belt adjusting device from operating to remove slack, or prevent the
    safety belt assembly from being adjusted
    to remove slack.



  • Page 18

    18

    Safety

    Child safety

    in accordance with the manufacturer’s
    instructions.

    WARNING

    • Children must always be suitably
    restrained in the car.
    • NEVER put a child seat in the front.
    • Children 12 and under can be killed by
    the airbag.
    • The BACK SEAT is the SAFEST place
    for children.
    • Sit as far back as possible from the air
    bag.
    The same attention must be given to child
    safety in the car as is given to adults.
    Children travel most safely when properly
    restrained, but restraints must be suitable
    for the size of the child. Always follow the
    child seat/booster cushion manufacturer´s
    instructions when installing these devices in
    your vehicle.
    Make sure you are acquainted with the
    legal requirements for seating children
    in the car.
    Make sure that it is possible to fit a child
    restraint in accordance with the manufacturer’s child seat instructions.

    IB1204

    WARNING

    Fitting the locking strap on the center armrest, Saab 9-5 Sedan.
    The locking strap is standard equipment
    on certain markets.

    Saab 9-5 Sedan
    For child car seats that are approved for
    rear-facing installation in the rear seat and
    have top tether straps, we recommend that
    you position it on one of the outer places.
    Fasten such a child seat with the three-point
    seat belt and the two underside anchorage
    tethers.
    The tethers should be attached according to
    the manufacturer´s instructions, to the fixing
    points beneath the driver´s and passenger´s seat. The fixing points on electrically
    adjustable seats are color marked.
    If you intend to install another make of child
    car seat, make sure that it is possible to fit it

    A special accessory is available for locking the center armrest so that a child seat
    can be installed in the middle seat. See
    your Saab dealer for details.
    When a rear-facing child seat is fitted in
    the center position of the rear seat in the
    Saab 9-5 Sedan the center armrest must
    be secured in place with this strap. If this
    is not done, the center armrest could
    swing down in the event of a frontal collision and cause injury to the child.
    When fitting child seats in cars you must
    always read the instructions supplied by
    the car seat manufacturer.



  • Page 19

    Safety
    Child tether anchorages
    (required in Canada, available at no
    charge from Saab in the U.S.)

    WARNING
    Child tether anchorages are designed to
    withstand only those loads imposed by
    correctly fitted child restraints.
    Under no circumstances are they to be
    used for:
    • Adult safety belts.
    • Harnesses.
    • Attaching other items or equipment to
    the vehicle.
    • Load securing device.
    Child restraints with a tether strap must be
    anchored according to Canadian law.
    If you have any questions regarding child
    tether anchorages please contact your
    Saab dealer.
    There are two designs of child tether
    anchorages.
    Upon request, your Saab dealer will obtain
    the anchorage hardware kit and install it for
    you. Please use the tether anchorage hardware kit available from your Saab dealer as
    the hardware was specifically designed for
    your vehicle.

    IB587

    Saab 9-5 Wagon:
    For child car seats that are approved for
    rear-facing installation in the rear seat and
    have top tether straps, we recommend that
    you position the seat in the center seat. This
    type of child seat must be secured with the
    three-point seat belt and the two underside
    anchorage belts. These belts should be
    attached to the attachment points beneath
    the driver’s and passenger’s seat. The
    attachment points on electrically-adjusted
    seats are marked in colour.
    If a child seat from another manufacturer is
    used, ensure that it can be correctly
    mounted, according to the child-seat
    instructions.
    When fitting child seats in cars you must
    always follow the instructions supplied
    by the car seat manufacturer.

    19

    Child tether anchorages in parcel shelf,
    Saab 9-5 Sedan
    9-5 Sedan:
    1 Open the cover of the appropriate
    anchorage.
    2 Place the child restraint in the rear seat.
    3 Attach the tether to the anchorage.



  • Page 20

    20

    Safety
    WARNING

    Child tether anchorages, Saab 9-5
    Wagon. Design 1
    Child restraints with a tether strap must be
    anchored according to Canadian law.
    If you have any questions regarding child
    tether anchorages please contact your
    Saab dealer.
    Design 1 (9-5 Wagon only):
    1 Place the child restraint in the rear seat.
    2 Raise the head restraint to its upper
    position and than route the tether under
    the head restraint.
    3 Attach the tether to the anchorage.

    IB1352

    IB1266

    Make sure the child-restraint anchorages
    are folded all the way up or down otherwise it can obstruct locking the rear seat
    backrest.

    Child tether anchorages, Saab 9-5
    Wagon. Design 2
    Design 2 (9-5 Wagon only):
    All three child anchorages are installed at
    factory.
    1 Fold the backrest of the rear seat forward, see page 119.
    2 Fold the appropriate anchor to upright
    position.
    3 Place the child restraint in the rear seat.
    4 Raise the head restraint to its upper
    position and than route the tether under
    the head restraint.
    5 Attach the tether to the anchor.
    6 Raise the backrest of the rear seat.
    Make sure it locks properly.



  • Page 21

    Safety

    21

    Integrated booster seat
    (Accessory)

    Folding down
    To fold the seat down, pull the strap provided between the seat and the backrest.

    Fastening the safety belt
    WARNING
    Never wear a safety belt with the diagonal
    strap positioned behind your back or
    slipped off the shoulder and under your
    arm.

    IB605

    The integrated booster seat in the back is
    intended for children weighing 33-80 lbs.
    (15-36 kg) and between 38 and 54 inches
    (97 and 137 cm) tall.
    When seated in the integrated booster seat,
    the child must wear the standard three-point
    safety belt.
    Whatever the age or weight of the child, it is
    vital that the safety belt be worn correctly.
    The seat should always be kept clean and
    intact to ensure that it continues to function
    as intended.
    • Seat the child well back in the seat, snug
    against the backrest.
    • Pull out the safety belt smoothly and
    insert the tongue in the lock. Check that it
    is securely fastened.
    • Ensure that the lap strap is positioned low
    across the hips and that the diagonal
    strap is well in on the shoulder, although
    not touching the neck or in a position that
    creates discomfort.

    • For optimum protection, the safety belt
    should be snug against the body. Pull the
    diagonal strap towards the shoulder to
    take up any slack.
    • After fastening the belt, grasp the strap at
    the shoulder, pull it out and, without letting
    go, allow the slack to be taken up by the
    reel. Make sure that the strap is well in on
    the shoulder.
    • Check that the belt runs freely between
    the reel and the lock.

    To fold the seat away
    Fold back the seat and ensure that it is
    locked in position.



  • Page 22

    22

    Safety
    WARNING

    • The standard safety belt must still
    always be used in conjunction with the
    integrated booster seat.
    • The seat must not be modified in any
    way.
    • Never leave a child unattended.
    • Check to ensure that the belt is not
    twisted or rubbing against any sharp
    edges.
    • Adjust the head restraint so that it provides the best possible support when
    there is a passenger in the rear seat.

    WARNING
    Failure to follow all the manufacturer’s
    instructions on the use of this child
    restraint system can cause your child to
    strike the vehicle´s interior during a
    sudden stop or crash.

    Label in integrated booster seat



  • Page 23

    Safety

    Airbag (Supplemental
    Restraint System
    "SRS")
    WARNING
    To reduce risk of injury:
    • Always wear your safety belt.
    • Always adjust your seat so that you
    are as far back as possible but still
    able to reach the steering wheel and
    controls comfortably.
    • Children 12 and under or shorter than
    140 cm (55 inches) should always
    travel in the rear as the vehicle is
    equipped with an airbag on the passenger side.
    The supplementary restraint system (SRS)
    comprises an airbag in the steering wheel,
    a front passenger airbag and side airbags in
    the front seats.
    The system supplements the protection
    provided by the safety belts to further
    enhance the safety of occupants.
    If a fault is detected in the SRS, the
    AIR BAG warning light on the main instrument panel will come on (see pages 48 and
    26).

    When the system is triggered by impact of a
    frontal collision, the airbags in the steering
    wheel and passenger side of the dash board
    are inflated, after which they deflate through
    vents in the back of the bags.
    The entire process takes less than
    0.1 second – literally, faster than the blinking of an eye.
    These airbags are triggered only by moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions. They will not be activated by minor
    front-end impacts, rear-end or side impacts,
    or by the car rolling over.

    WARNING
    • Even if the car is equipped with an
    SRS (airbag), safety belts must still
    always be worn by all occupants.
    • Note that because an airbag inflates
    and deflates extremely rapidly, it will
    not provide protection against a
    second impact occurring in the same
    incident. Always use your safety belt.
    • Always sit with the whole of your back
    in contact with the backrest of the seat,
    and with your seat as far back as is
    practical. This is to reduce the risk of
    injury from contact with the backrest of
    the seat when the airbag inflates and
    also because the airbag needs space
    in which to inflate.

    23

    • Never attach anything to the steering
    wheel or passenger side of the instrument panel, as this could result in
    injury if the airbag should inflate. The
    same applies to anything you might
    have in your mouth, such as a pipe, for
    instance.
    • Some components of the airbag will
    be hot for a short time. In some circumstances the airbag can cause burns or
    abrasions to the body when the airbag
    inflates/deflates.
    • Never rest your hands or forearms on
    the steering-wheel center padding.
    • If the AIR BAG warning light remains
    on after the car has been started or
    comes on while you are driving, have
    the car checked immediately by an
    authorized Saab dealer. The warning
    light could signify that the airbags may
    not inflate in a crash, or they could
    even inflate without a crash.



  • Page 24

    Safety
    Moment of impact.

    2

    5

    Sensor detects deceleration and sends a
    signal via the control
    module to a gas generator that inflates the
    airbag.

    The steering column
    has collapsed and the
    airbag starts to
    deflate.

    3

    6

    IB418

    IB419

    Inflation and deflation together take less than
    0.1 second.

    Airbag now fully
    inflated.

    1

    5

    Inflated airbag (driver side)
    The inflating airbag
    cushions the driver.

    2

    6

    4

    IB417

    24

    SRS (airbag) system with belt
    pretensioners
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6

    Electronic control module and sensor
    Belt pretensioners (for both front safety belts)
    Steering wheel with integral airbag
    Passenger airbag
    Side-airbag sensor
    Side airbag



  • Page 25

    Safety
    Front passenger seat

    25

    WARNING

    WARNING

    The airbags are interconnected and have a
    common warning light. The passenger
    airbag module is housed in the fascia above
    the glove compartment and is marked ”SRS
    AIRBAG”.
    Both airbags will be inflated in the event of a
    moderate to severe frontal, or near-frontal
    collision, even if the passenger seat is unoccupied.

    • Children 12 and
    under can be killed by
    the airbag
    • The back seat is the
    safest place for children
    • Never allow a child to stand in front of
    the seat or to sit on the lap of a
    front-seat passenger. Serious injury or
    death could result if the airbag is
    inflated in a collision.
    • Never place anything on the dash or in
    front of the seat as, in addition to being
    a hazard to passengers, this could
    interfere with the function of the airbag
    in the event of an accident. The same
    applies to the mounting of accessories
    on the dash.
    • Keep feet on the floor - never put feet
    up on the fascia, on the seat or out of
    the window.
    • Do not carry anything in your lap.

    IB420

    Never secure a rear-facing child seat in
    the right front seat of a car equipped with
    a passenger airbag. Inflation of the airbag
    in the event of an accident could seriously
    injure or kill a child.

    Passenger airbag and driver’s airbag both
    inflated



  • Page 26

    26

    Safety

    AIR BAG warning light
    WARNING
    • If the air bag readiness light stays on
    after you start your vehicle, it means
    the air bag system may not be working
    properly.
    • The air bags in your vehicle may not
    inflate in a crash, or they could even
    inflate without a crash.
    • To help avoid injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle serviced right
    away if the air bag readiness light
    stays on after you start your vehicle.

    SRS servicing
    The SRS must be inspected as part of the
    normal service program but otherwise may
    be regarded as maintenance-free.

    Scrapping or working on airbags
    and belt pretensioners
    WARNING
    • Under no circumstances may any
    modifications be made that affect the
    steering wheel or the airbag’s electrical circuitry.
    • Before starting any welding work on
    the car, always disconnect the negative (–) battery lead and cover the conductor.
    • Airbags and belt pretensioners must
    be deployed under controlled conditions before the car is scrapped or any
    of the system’s components are
    removed. Airbags or belt pretensioners that have been deployed as a
    result of an accident must be replaced
    by new ones.
    • Airbag-system components must
    never be transferred for use in another
    vehicle.
    • All work involving the scrapping or
    replacement of airbags or belt pretensioners must only be carried out by
    knowledgeable personnel.

    Frequently asked questions on function of airbags
    Do you still need to wear a safety belt if airbags are fitted?
    Yes, always! The airbag merely supplements the car’s normal safety system.
    Moreover, the airbag will only be actuated in
    a moderate to severe frontal, or near-frontal
    collision, which means, of course, that it provides no protection in minor frontal collisions, major rear-end or side-on collisions
    or if the car rolls over.
    The safety belts help reduce the chance of
    the car occupants from being thrown around
    and injured inside the car.
    But they also ensure that, if a collision
    occurs in which the airbags are inflated, the
    airbag will make the optimum contact with
    the occupant, i.e. square on from the front.
    If the occupant meets the airbag in an offset
    position, the protection afforded will be
    reduced.
    In addition, airbags provide no protection
    against a secondary impact occurring in the
    same incident. So there is no doubt about
    the benefit of wearing safety belts at all
    times.
    Do not sit too close to the airbag: it needs
    room to inflate.
    The airbag inflates very quickly and powerfully in order to protect an adult person in a
    serious frontal collision.



  • Page 27

    Safety
    How do I position the seat to leave room for
    the airbag to inflate?
    Don’t have your seat too far forward.
    Recline the seat back to increase the distance between you and the airbag. For short
    drivers, special accessory pedal extensions
    are available through your Saab dealer.
    Airbags inflate extremely rapidly and with
    great force - to be fast enough to protect an
    adult in the seat.
    When do the front airbags inflate?
    The airbag will only be inflated under certain
    predetermined conditions in a moderate to
    severe frontal, or near-frontal collision,
    depending on such factors as the force and
    angle of the impact, the speed of the car on
    impact, and the resistance to deformation of
    the impacting object.
    The airbag can only be activated once in the
    same incident.
    Do not attempt to drive the car after an
    airbag has been inflated, even if it is possible.

    What won’t trigger the front airbags?
    The airbag will not be activated in all
    front-end collisions. For instance, if the car
    has hit something relatively soft and yielding
    (e.g. a snow drift or a hedge) or a solid
    object at a low impact speed, the airbag will
    not necessarily be triggered.
    How loud is the inflation?
    The noise of the inflation is certainly loud,
    but it is very short-lived and will not damage
    your hearing. For a short time afterwards
    you could experience a buzzing noise in
    your ears.
    Most people who have experienced it
    cannot remember the noise of the inflation
    at all - all they remember is the noise of the
    crash.

    27

    Can you still use a child seat in the front if a
    passenger airbag is installed?
    Definitely not!
    Children 12 and under can be injured or
    killed by the airbag.
    The BACK SEAT is the SAFEST place for
    children.
    NEVER put a child seat in the front.
    Are the smoke and fumes given off when the
    airbag operates at all harmful?
    Most people who have remained in a car
    with little or no ventilation for several minutes complained only of minor irritation of
    the throat and eyes. Avoid as far as possible
    getting dust on your skin as there is a risk of
    skin irritation.
    If this trouble persists, you should consult a
    doctor.
    If you suffer from asthma, the incident may
    bring on an attack, in which case you should
    follow the normal procedure advised by
    your doctor. It is advisable to consult a
    doctor afterwards.



  • Page 28

    Safety

    What should I do if the AIR-BAG warning
    light comes on?
    If the warning light is on, it means that a fault
    has been detected in the system. The
    airbag cannot be relied on to operate as
    intended and it might even be activated
    erroneously. You should therefore take the
    car to an authorized Saab dealer as soon as
    possible.

    WARNING
    When an airbag is inflated there is dust in
    the air.
    Because the dust sometimes contains
    particles of a substance resembling dish
    detergent, the following precautions
    should be taken:
    • As soon as possible, wash any
    exposed skin using a mild soap and
    water.
    • If there is irritation of the eyes, flush
    them liberally with clean water for at
    least 20 minutes.

    Side airbags
    Side airbags are housed inside the backrests of the front seats and are designed to
    protect the driver and front passenger in the
    event of a side impact.
    In a side impact, only the airbag on that side
    will be activated, and only then if certain predetermined conditions are met such as the
    force and angle of the impact, the speed of
    the car on impact, and at which point on the
    car’s side the impact occurs.
    The sensors, which are fitted in the front
    doors, sense the rise in pressure caused by
    the door panel being pressed in during an
    impact condition. The side airbag trigger will
    be commanded based on the characteristics of this pressure rise.

    IB422

    28

    Side airbag inflated



  • Page 29

    Safety
    WARNING

    IB592

    • This car is equipped with side airbags
    and no extra interior trim should be fitted. Failure to observe this warning
    could result in the side airbags not
    inflating as intended and thus not providing the intended protection either.

    Side airbag components
    1
    2
    3
    4

    Side airbag
    Sensor
    Moisture barrier
    Label on seat

    • Never place any object in the area that
    would be occupied by the inflated airbag.
    • For optimum protection, sit upright in
    the seat, with your safety belt correctly
    fastened.
    • The sensors for the side airbags are
    fitted in the doors.
    • We advise against doing any work on
    the doors that could affect the moisture barrier in the door or the airbag
    sensors. It is essential that the moisture barrier (thick plastic film) in the
    door is not damaged in any way.
    • Improvement of the anticorrosion
    treatment of the doors should only be
    carried out by an authorized Saab
    dealer. Otherwise there is a risk that
    the side impact sensor and the moisture barrier in the door could be damaged.

    29

    • The side airbags will inflate only in the
    event of a side impact not in the event
    of a front or rear-end collision or of the
    car’s rolling over.
    • Damage to the seat cover, or the seat
    seam, in the area of the side airbag
    must immediately be repaired by an
    authorized Saab dealer.
    • Do not modify the speaker installation
    in the front doors or install speakers
    other than those specifically approved
    by Saab.



  • Page 30

    30

    Safety



  • Page 31

    Security

    31

    Security

    IB446

    Doors...................................
    Central locking ...................
    Car alarm ............................

    32
    32
    38



  • Page 32

    32

    Security

    Central locking

    1

    WARNING

    2

    Door handle

    Doors
    Door handles
    Pull the handle to open the door.
    If the door is stuck (e.g. if frozen), hold the
    handle from above to secure a better grip.

    3

    Key / Remote control
    The key fits all the locks on the car.
    The key supplied with the car has a code
    number that needs to be quoted for ordering
    additional keys. You should therefore make
    a careful note of the number.
    The key contains a unique electronic code
    for your car. When the key is inserted in the
    ignition, the code is checked. If it matches,
    the car can be started.

    IB1116

    IB447

    Leaving children or pets unattended in a
    locked car is dangerous. It is also dangerous to leave children in a vehicle with the
    ignition key. A child or others could be
    badly injured or even killed.

    Key / Remote control
    1 To lock
    2 To unlock
    3 Opening the trunk (9-5 Sedan)
    Unlocking the tailgate (9-5 Wagon)

    Two keys/remote controls are supplied with
    the car. It is possible to have up to four at
    one time that are coded for your car. If one
    is lost, contact your authorized Saab dealer
    to obtain a replacement.



  • Page 33

    Security
    If a new key/remote control is to be
    obtained, one of the original ones is needed
    so that the control module can learn to recognize the replacement key. For this reason, we strongly advise you to take two keys
    with you on long journeys and to keep them
    separate.

    33

    1
    2
    1
    2

    IB449

    Each time the key is removed from the ignition, the electronic starting interlock is activated and the car is thus immobilized, see
    also page 39.)

    IB1117

    Electronic starting interlock
    (immobilizer)

    Locking/unlocking by remote control.
    Illustration shows the separate remote
    1 To lock
    2 To unlock

    Locking/unlocking the car
    To lock by remote control (1)
    Press
    once on the control: all doors
    locked.
    Hazard warning lights flash once
    (0.5 seconds) and horn chirps once.
    The tailgate cannot be opened using the
    switch on the driver´s door.
    To unlock by remote control (2)
    Press
    once on the control: the driver´s
    door unlocked.
    Press
    twice on the control: all doors
    unlocked.
    Hazard warning lights flash twice and horn
    chirps twice.

    Locking/unlocking by key
    1 To lock
    2 To unlock

    Locking by key (1)
    Turn the key clockwise: all doors locked.
    The trunk cannot be opened using the
    switch on the driver’s door.
    Unlocking by key (2)
    Turn the key counterclockwise once: the
    driver´s door will unlock.
    Turn the key counterclockwise twice: all
    doors unlocked.



  • Page 34

    34

    Security
    If the car is left with the doors open, the interior lighting and the courtesy lights in the
    doors will be switched off automatically after
    20 minutes, to prevent a flat battery.

    WARNING

    IB451

    Having the doors locked when you are
    driving will reduce the likelihood of:

    Switch for operation of central locking
    The central locking can also be operated
    from inside the car by means of the
    switch on the center console.
    • To lock all doors: press the symbol side of
    the switch once.
    • To unlock the driver´s door: press the
    switch once.
    • To unlock all doors: press the switch
    twice.
    This switch is inoperative when the car is
    locked from the outside.
    The interior locking buttons on each door
    affect only the respective door.

    • Passengers, especially children,
    opening doors and falling out of the
    car.
    • Intruders entering the car when it is
    moving slowly or stopped.
    • Being thrown out of the car in a crash.

    Opening with key
    The driver´s door can be opened mechanically with the key (e.g. defective remote
    control or discharged battery).
    The car alarm is disarmed when the driver´s
    door is unlocked (opened) with the key.



  • Page 35

    Security

    35

    Change of battery, remote control

    IB455

    When the battery in the remote control is
    running low, the following message will
    appear on the SID: ”REPLACE KEY BATTERY”. To acknowledge the message,
    press CLEAR on the SID. You should
    change the battery as soon as possible,
    before the remote control is unable to function properly. The battery life is 3-4 years in
    normal use.
    Battery type: Panasonic CR 2032, 3V lithium. Avoid putting fingerprints on the flat
    sides of the battery.

    IB1118

    Changing the remote-control
    battery

    Child safety lock on rear doors

    1 Battery
    2 Control module

    Child safety locks
    After fitting a new battery, press the unlock
    button on the remote control at least 5 times
    in succession while the car is within the
    range of the remote control, so that the car
    alarm can recognize the signals from the
    control.
    Hand in the old battery for disposal when
    you buy the new one. These batteries contain substances that are environmentally
    hazardous.

    The rear doors are equipped with child
    safety locks that are operated by means of
    a catch adjacent to the door lock.
    Insert a key and turn the catch 45° clockwise
    or counterclockwise as indicated by the
    label on the door.
    When the child safety catch is in the locked
    position, the door cannot be opened from
    the inside.
    For the tailgate safety lock, see page 37.



  • Page 36

    Trunk lid switch

    Trunk lid lock, 9-5 Sedan
    The trunk lid lock is independent of the central-locking system. The trunk lid release
    switch on the driver’s door is inoperative
    when the car is locked from outside by
    remote control or key.
    Press the switch on the driver’s door to
    unlock the trunk lid.
    The trunk lid is locked automatically when
    closed.

    IB1119

    IB1224

    Security

    IB457

    36

    Opening the trunk with the key,
    9-5 Sedan
    To unlock it from outside, press
    on the
    remote control or use the key.
    When the remote control is used, the hazard
    warning lights will flash three times and the
    horn chirps three times to confirm that the
    trunk lid has been unlocked.

    Unlocking the tailgate with a key,
    9-5 Wagon

    Tailgate, 9-5 Wagon
    The tailgate is not unlocked when the other
    car doors are unlocked.
    Unlocking
    The tailgate is unlocked with:
    • The button on the driver’s door (if the car
    is unlocked).
    • The button
    on the remote control.
    • The key in the tailgate lock.
    Unlocking with the remote control is confirmed by the warning lamps flashing three
    times.
    The tailgate unlocking button on the
    driver’s door is inoperative when the car is
    locked.



  • Page 37

    Security

    37

    Locking
    The tailgate is locked in the following ways:
    • By locking all the car doors with the
    button

    on the remote control.

    Safety lock

    Safety lock
    The tailgate has a safety lock which is activated with a button to the right of the tailgate
    lock.
    When the button is moved to the left, the tailgate can only be opened from the outside,
    assuming that the locking button (LOCK) by
    the inside opening handle has not been
    pushed in.

    WARNING
    If small children are carried in the rear
    seat, the safety locks on the tailgate and
    rear doors should be activated to prevent
    unintentional opening from the inside.

    IB1223

    IB1225

    • With the button
    on the centre console.
    • With the key in the driver’s door.

    Locking button by the tailgate inside opening handle.
    The tailgate is locked when closed if the
    button LOCK is pushed in before the tailgate is closed.

    Some central locking functions can
    be adjusted to better fit your individual needs, see page 237.



  • Page 38

    38

    Security

    Car alarm

    1
    WARNING

    2

    Leaving children or pets unattended in a
    locked car is dangerous. It is also dangerous to leave children in a vehicle with the
    ignition key. A child or others could be
    badly injured or even killed.

    IB1116

    The car alarm (anti-theft system) is activated/deactivated when the car is
    locked/unlocked by the remote control or by
    the key, see page 33.
    The antenna for the alarm system is located
    in the center console.
    All the doors plus trunk lid and hood are
    monitored by microswitches, and window-glass sensors will trigger the alarm if
    any glass is broken.

    3

    Remote control
    1 Activate/lock
    2 Deactivate/unlock
    3 Unlock boot/tailgate

    Electronic starting interlock (immobilizer),
    see page 39.
    The car alarm is armed 10 seconds after the
    car has been locked by the remote control.
    During this ten-second delay period, the
    doors, trunk lid and hood may still be
    opened without the alarm being triggered.
    The LED indicator on the instrument panel
    fascia will be on continuously during this
    period, at the end of which it will start to flash
    (once every third second).

    If a door or the trunk lid or hood has been left
    open when the car is locked, the LED on the
    fascia will flash (three times per second) for
    ten seconds to indicate that something is
    wrong.
    Check to ensure that all the doors, plus
    trunk lid and hood, are closed properly.
    If the fault persists (LED flashing when
    renewed attempt made to activate the car
    alarm by remote control), lock the car using
    the key instead. The car alarm will not have
    been activated and you should get in touch
    with an authorized Saab dealer.
    To avert inconvenience caused by the
    alarm being triggered inadvertently, make
    sure that anyone else using the car is familiar with how both the car alarm and the locking system work.



  • Page 39

    Security
    Activating the car alarm

    Window-glass sensor

    The car alarm (anti-theft system) is
    activated/deactivated when the car is
    locked/unlocked by the remote control or by
    the key.
    The car alarm cannot be activated if the
    driver’s door is open or if the ignition switch
    is in position ON.
    If, on the other hand, one of the other doors
    or the trunk or hood is open or opened and
    not closed again during the 10-seconds
    delay period, it will be excluded from the
    alarm function.
    If it is then closed, a new delay period of ten
    seconds will start, and the door (or trunk or
    hood will once again be secured by the
    alarm system.
    As usual, the LED will be on continuously
    during the new delay period and will start to
    flash once every third second after the
    10-seconds period has elapsed.

    The car-alarm system incorporates a
    sensor that monitors the window glass for
    the sound of breakage. The sensor is fitted
    inside the rear dome light.
    To avoid false alarms, such as the alarm
    being triggered by children or pets left inside
    the car, the sensor can be temporarily disabled.
    To disable the sensor
    To disable the sensor, first ensure that the
    ignition has been switched off and key
    removed from the switch. Then, press and
    hold the NIGHT PANEL button until ”DOOR
    ALARM ONLY” appears on the SID and a
    chime sounds. The car alarm must now be
    activated within three minutes, or the glass
    sensor will become active again.
    The glass sensor will be enabled again
    automatically when the car is next unlocked.
    The sensor can also be enabled again by
    repeating the procedure for disabling it.
    When the sensor has been enabled, ”FULL
    THEFT ALARM” will appear on the SID.
    If a fault is detected in the glass sensor,
    ”SERVICE THEFT ALARM” will appear on
    the SID.

    39

    Electronic starting interlock
    (immobilizer)
    When the key is inserted in the ignition, a
    signal is sent to the receiver. If the signal is
    verified, the engine can be started.
    Each time the key is removed from the ignition, the electronic immobilizer is activated.
    This means that the car cannot be started
    without the correct key is inserted in the ignition and the immobilizer is thus deactivated.
    If a fault is detected (e.g. in the transmitter)
    ”KEY NOT ACCEPTED” will appear on the
    SID.
    In this case, you can still start the car if you
    turn the ignition key to ON and press one of
    the buttons on the remote control (providing
    that the receiver gets the right signal from
    the remote control).
    Take the car to an authorized Saab dealer to
    have the system checked.
    The LED double-flashes when the car is
    immobilized.



  • Page 40

    40

    Security

    Alarm signals
    When the car alarm is armed, it will be triggered if any door, or the trunk lid or hood, is
    opened or if a window is broken.
    The alarm will also be triggered if an attempt
    is made to bypass or short-circuit the ignition switch, or to disconnect the battery.
    If the alarm is triggered, the following alarm
    signals will be set off:
    • Flashing of hazard warning lights for five
    minutes.
    • Siren wailing for 30 seconds.
    The alarm signals will stop if the alarm is
    deactivated (car unlocked) during the alarm
    period.
    The alarm siren has a long-life battery
    (approx. 10 years), see "SERVICE THEFT
    ALARM", on page 42. When the battery
    goes dead, the siren must be replaced: it is
    not possible to change the batteries.

    NOTE
    • It is possible to inadvertently deactivate the car alarm and at the same
    time unlock the car, if the button on the
    remote control is pressed by mistake
    when the control is still within range of
    the car.
    • When locking the car by remote control in extremely cold weather, it is
    advisable to check that the lock
    system has operated properly. To do
    so, check that the interior locking buttons are all down.
    If not, unlock and relock the car again.

    Panic-function
    In the car alarm system is a function called
    "Panic-function".
    To activate panic function:
    • Push and hold one of the buttons on the
    remote control for 2 seconds, or if you are
    sitting inside the car
    • Push the LOCK-switch on the center console for 2 seconds.
    These actions will trigger the alarm (hazard
    warning lights and siren).
    To deactivate panic function:
    • Push one of the buttons on the remote
    control, push the LOCK-switch in the
    center console, turn the key in one of the
    doors or turn the ignition to ON.
    When the panic-function is activated the car
    will be locked/unlocked depending upon
    which button was pushed.
    When the ignition is ON the panic-function
    cannot be activated.



  • Page 41

    Security
    Overview of functions
    Locking/
    activation

    Hazard warning lights flash once and the horn
    chirps once.
    The LED will come on for 10 seconds.

    Unlocking/
    deactivation

    Hazard warning lights flash twice and the horn
    chirps twice.
    The LED will come on for two seconds.

    Unlocking/
    deactivation of
    trunk lid/tailgate
    alarm

    Hazard warning lights flash three times and the
    horn chirps three times.
    The LED will flash three times per second for 10
    seconds.

    Battery for
    remote control

    The battery for the remote control will normally
    have a life of 3-4 years. When the battery needs
    changing, ”REPLACE KEY BATTERY” will
    appear on the SID.
    After fitting a new battery, press the unlock button on the remote control at least 5 times in succession while the car is within the range of the
    remote control, so that the car alarm can recognize the signals from the control.
    If the remote control has been exposed to very
    low temperatures, it may not function properly. If
    this happens, warm it in your hands for a few
    minutes.
    If the remote control is not working, it may be
    because the code signal has not been synchronized with that in the control module for the car
    alarm. To rectify this, press the unlock button on
    the remote control 4-5 times in quick succession.

    Car-battery
    voltage

    If the battery is disconnected while the alarm is
    active (car is locked), for example during an
    attempt to steal the car, the alarm will be triggered.

    Alarm triggered Hazard warning lights flash for 5 min.
    Siren wails for 30 seconds.
    To switch off the alarm, deactivate the system in
    the normal way (unlocking).
    Window-glass
    sensor

    The sensor detects if any window is broken and
    triggers the alarm.
    To disable the sensor, see page 39.

    Remote control The range of the remote control is normally
    5-10 yds. (5-10 metres), although it can be substantially more than this in ideal conditions.
    If a remote control or key is lost, the new one will
    have to be programmed from one of the remaining remote controls to match the car’s unique
    security code. Get in touch with an authorized
    Saab dealer.

    41

    Alarm signals may differ between model variants for different countries.
    Some of the car-alarm functions can be reprogrammed – consult your Saab dealer for further details (see page 237).



  • Page 42

    42

    Security

    Overview of LED signals and SID messages
    Status

    LED signal

    Activation (during 10-second delay). Comes on for 10 seconds.
    Alarm activated (after delay).

    Flashes once every third
    second.

    Deactivation.

    Comes on for 2 seconds.

    Alarm not activated.

    Off.

    SID message

    Reason/action

    SERVICE THEFT ALARM

    Probably a fault in one of the sensors
    or the alarm siren.
    Have the car checked by an authorized Saab dealer.

    KEY NOT ACCEPTED

    Fault in key transmitter or in ignition-switch receiver.
    Turn ignition switch to ON and press
    the unlock button on the remote control. Start the engine.
    Have the car checked by an authorized Saab dealer.

    Door, trunk lid/tailgate or hood open Flashes three times per secor opened during delay period.
    ond for 10 seconds.
    Unlocking the trunk lid/tailgate.

    Flashes three times per second for 10 seconds.

    Closing of door, trunk lid/tailgate or
    hood after delay period.

    Comes on for 10 seconds.

    REPLACE KEY BATTERY

    Fit a new battery in the remote control, see page 35.

    Car immobilized but not locked.
    Car alarm not activated.

    Flashes twice at three seconds intervals.

    DOOR ALARM ONLY

    Window-glass sensor disabled.

    FULL THEFT ALARM

    Window-glass sensor in circuit.

    • REMOTE KEY
    • TRANSPONDR

    Turn the ignition key to position ON
    and then press the button for opening the trunk lid. SID displays the
    number of remote controls and
    transmitters (transponders) coded to
    the car.

    Some signals may differ between model variants for different
    countries.



  • Page 43

    Security
    This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is
    subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not
    cause harmful interference, and (2) must accept any interference
    received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
    Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void the user´s authority to operate the equipment.
    Canada only:
    This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may
    not cause interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference, including interference that may cause undesired operation of the device.

    43



  • Page 44

    44

    Security



  • Page 45

    Instruments and controls

    VOL

    PUSH

    ON

    ECON OFF

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    Indicator and warning
    lights .................................
    Instruments ........................
    Trip computer SID..............
    Switches .............................
    Automatic climate control
    (ACC) .................................

    ºF
    ºC
    BAS

    AS

    TRE

    SEARCH

    FAD

    DOLBY B NR

    WB

    RADIO
    BAND

    OFF

    CLEAR

    SET

    IB1082

    ECON

    Instruments and
    controls

    PULL

    BAL

    45

    46
    52
    54
    61
    67



  • Page 46

    46

    Instruments and controls

    1

    2

    3
    50
    40

    80

    4

    60 70
    100

    Indicator and warning
    lights

    120

    A number of indicator and warning lights will
    come on when the ignition is switched on
    prior to starting. Under normal conditions,
    these should go out a few seconds after the
    engine has started (see page 52).

    80
    90

    140

    60

    30

    160

    100

    40

    110

    20

    180

    Warning, oil pressure
    (engine oil)

    20

    8

    7

    Main instrument panel
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5

    Tachometer
    Indicator and warning lights
    Speedometer
    Indicator and warning lights
    Fuel gauge

    120
    220
    240
    130
    150 140
    200

    6

    6 Engine temperature gauge
    7 Trip meter reset button
    8 Odometer and trip meter

    5

    IB1339

    10

    This light will come on together with
    if
    the engine oil pressure is dangerously low.
    If the light flashes or comes on while you are
    driving, stop the car, switch off the engine
    and check the engine oil level (see page
    171).

    NOTE
    Under no circumstances must the car be
    driven when the warning light is on. Low
    oil pressure can result in serious engine
    damage.



  • Page 47

    Instruments and controls

    Warning, charging
    This light will come on together with
    if
    the battery is not charging. If it comes on
    while you are driving, stop the car as soon
    as possible and switch off the engine.
    Check the alternator drive belt (see page
    179). If the belt has broken, the engine may
    overheat (cooling system will not function
    properly), the battery will not be charged,
    the A/C compressor will not run and power
    assistance for the steering will be lost.

    Brake warning light
    This light will come on together with
    if
    there is insufficient brake fluid in the reservoir (see pages 175 / 176).
    If the ABS warning light is on at the same
    time, the ABS system may be inoperative
    because of a fault (see “Anti-lock brake
    warning”, page 48).

    WARNING
    Never drive the car when these warning
    lights are on. Danger of brake failure!
    Have the brake system checked by an
    authorized Saab dealer.

    47

    Parking brake warning
    light
    This light will show when the parking brake
    is on (see page 162).
    If the car is driven with the parking brake still
    on,
    will also come on and a chime will
    sound.
    The parking brake is mechanical and operates on the rear wheels.

    WARNING
    • Always apply the parking brake when
    parking.
    • Always apply the parking brake before
    removing the ignition key.



  • Page 48

    48

    Instruments and controls

    Anti-lock brake warning
    This light together with
    and
    indicates that a fault has occurred in the ABS
    system. Conventional braking without the
    ABS function will still be available.
    For safety reasons, stop the car and check
    the level of the brake fluid (see page 175).
    If the level is normal, depress the brake
    pedal firmly two or three times. Now check
    the level again. If the level is still normal, you
    may drive the car, with considerable caution, to the nearest authorized Saab dealer
    to have the brake system checked.

    WARNING
    • If the ABS is inoperative, there is a
    danger of the rear wheels locking up
    on hard braking.
    • If the level of brake fluid in the reservoir is below the MIN mark, the car
    should be towed to an authorized
    Saab dealer.

    Airbag warning light
    This light together with
    will come on if
    a potentially serious fault has occurred in
    the airbag system.

    CHECK message indicator
    This light indicates that there is a message
    in the SID. A chime will also sound
    (see page 58).

    WARNING
    • If the airbag readiness light stays on
    after you start your vehicle, it means
    the airbag system may not be working
    properly.
    • The airbags in your vehicle may not
    inflate in a crash, or they could even
    inflate without a crash.
    • To help avoid injury to yourself or
    others, have your vehicle serviced
    right away if the airbag readiness light
    stays on after you start your vehicle.
    The light will come on for about three seconds when the ignition switch is turned to
    the Start or Drive position. It should go out
    after the engine has started.

    Central warning light
    This light will come on and a chime will
    sound if a fault has been detected in any
    system that is critical to safety. Any of the
    following can activate the central warning
    light and alarm:
    • Airbag system.
    • Low oil pressure in engine.
    • Parking brake is on (when car is moving).
    • Brake fluid level low.
    • Fault detected in ABS system.
    • Engine overheating.
    • Alternator not charging properly.
    The symbol and audible alarm are also activated if the ignition key is turned to the ON
    position and the engine is not started within
    10 seconds.



  • Page 49

    Instruments and controls

    Engine malfunction
    WARNING
    An illuminated “Engine malfunction” indicator light indicates a serious
    engine-related problem. While your car
    may be able to be driven with the “Engine
    malfunction” indicator light illuminated
    (Limp-home mode), you are advised to
    have your car serviced at a qualified facility as soon as possible.
    Continued driving without this problem
    being corrected might cause serious further damage to your car and create
    unsafe driving conditions. The operator
    should be prepared to take action if such
    unsafe conditions arise (e.g., apply the
    brakes, disengage transmission, turn off
    the ignition etc.).
    This light indicates a malfunction in the
    fuel-injection or ignition system. The car
    may still be driven with care and with somewhat diminished performance (see page
    132).

    Indicator, fuel
    This light comes on when there is less than
    about 2.5 gallons (10 liters) of fuel left in the
    tank.

    NOTE
    If the car runs out of fuel, air can have
    been drawn in with the fuel, which, in turn,
    can cause the catalytic converter to be
    damaged by overheating.

    49

    Indicator, rear fog light
    This light shows when the rear fog light is on
    (see page 62).
    The rear fog light is switched off automatically when the engine is switched off. When
    the fog light is next needed, it will have to be
    switched on manually again.
    The rear fog light consists of one light so it
    should not be mistaken for rear light.

    Indicator, open door
    Indicator, cruise control
    This light shows when the cruise-control
    system is active (see page 145).

    Indicator, high beam
    This light shows when the headlights are on
    high beam (see page 61).

    If a door has not been closed properly, the
    pictogram will indicate the door concerned
    (or tailgate).



  • Page 50

    50

    Instruments and controls

    Indicator, SPORT-mode
    This light will come on in cars with automatic
    transmission when the S (SPORT) button
    on the selector lever has been pressed
    (position D, 3, 2 or 1) see page 144.
    In this mode, the gear changes occur later,
    at higher engine revs, giving the engine and
    transmission a sportier feel.
    To cancel the SPORT mode, press the S
    button on the selector lever again. The
    mode is also deselected automatically
    when the selector lever is moved to P or R.

    Fault indicator, automatic
    transmission

    Indicator, WINTER-mode
    This light shows when the WINTER mode
    has been selected in cars with automatic
    transmission (see page 144).
    In the WINTER mode, the car pulls away in
    3rd gear, to help prevent wheelspin on an
    icy road.
    To cancel the WINTER mode, press the W
    button.

    On a car with an automatic transmission,
    this warning symbol is illuminated if a fault
    has been detected in the transmission.
    Switch the ignition off and on again to check
    if the fault persists.
    Even if the fault persists, it is still possible to
    drive the car (see page 140).
    Have the automatic transmission checked
    by an authorized Saab dealer as soon as
    possible.

    NOTE
    If the control module has actuated the
    Limp-home function for the automatic
    transmission, the car will remain in 4th
    gear when D is selected, making it very
    sluggish. To overcome this, move the
    selector lever to position 2.
    When the indicator light is on, the car
    must not be driven with a trailer attached.



  • Page 51

    Instruments and controls
    Traction-control-system:
    OFF
    The indicator light goes on when the Traction Control System is switched off with the
    TCS OFF button.
    IMPORTANT: the Traction Control System
    is automatically engaged every time the
    engine is started (see page 147).
    The indicator light also goes on when there
    is a fault in the Traction Control System. In
    this case the light cannot be turned off by
    means of the TCS button. If a fault is indicated, have the system checked by an
    authorized Saab dealer.
    See also "Traction Control System", on
    page 147.

    TCS modulation in
    progress
    The TCS indicator light is located in the
    lower half of the tachometer and will be illuminated when TCS regulation is occurring,
    i.e. when there is insufficient traction
    between the tires and the road surface to
    provide the grip required for the acceleration called for. The driver can also sense
    that the engine is not responding normally to
    the accelerator.
    Operation of the TCS indicates reduced
    traction between the tires and the road, and
    that extra care should be taken by the driver.
    In normal driving, the TCS will improve both
    ride comfort and safety, but must not be
    regarded as a system to enable the driver to
    drive at or maintain a higher rate of speed.
    The same precautions for safe cornering
    and driving on slippery roads must still be
    applied (see page 147).

    51



  • Page 52

    Tachometer

    Autochecking of lights,
    main instrument panel
    The above warning and indicator lights
    should come on when the ignition is
    switched on prior to starting. They should go
    out after about 3 seconds.
    The following lights light up until the engine
    is started, presuming that no fault exists:
    • Central warning light

    .

    • Oil pressure warning light
    • Warning, charging

    .

    IB340

    Instruments

    1 Cars with automatic transmission

    .

    The tachometer indicates the engine speed
    in thousands of revolutions per minute. The
    needle may be allowed to enter the broken
    red zone on the dial only for an instant.
    A safety cut-out function (in the fuel system)
    prevents the engine speed exceeding
    approximately 6,200 rpm.

    IB341

    Instruments and controls

    IB1279

    52

    Odometer and trip meter
    The odometer records the distance travelled in miles on U.S. vehicles and on Canadian vehicles the distance indicated is in
    kilometres, and the trip meter in miles and
    tenths (kilometres and tenths of kilometres
    on Canadian vehicles).

    Reset button
    The reset button has two functions, determined by whether the ignition is ON or OFF.
    • When the ignition is ON, the button will
    reset the trip meter.
    • When the ignition is OFF, the button will
    bring up the display for 20 seconds to
    allow the odometer and trip-meter readings to be viewed.



  • Page 53

    Speedometer (U.S. speedometer
    shown)
    The speedometer receives signals from the
    wheel sensors in the ABS system.
    If the NIGHT PANEL mode has been
    selected, the scale will be illuminated up to
    87 mph (140 km/h). The remainder of the
    scale will be illuminated if the speed of the
    car exceeds 84 mph (135 km/h).

    53

    IB343

    IB345

    IB606

    Instruments and controls

    Fuel gauge

    Temperature gauge

    Fuel-tank capacity, see page 228.
    The fuel gauge shows the amount of fuel left
    in the tank. When this is down to about
    2.5 gal. (10 liters), a warning light on the
    main instrument panel will come on (see
    page 49).
    Use the Saab Information display (SID) to
    check the approximate distance that can be
    travelled on the remaining fuel
    (see page 55).

    The temperature gauge shows the temperature of the coolant. The needle should be
    in the middle of the scale when the engine
    is at normal operating temperature.
    If the needle approaches the red zone,
    which can occur in very hot weather or when
    the engine is under a heavy load, drive in the
    highest gear possible, keep the engine revs
    low and avoid shifting down.
    If the needle enters the red zone, the
    warning light will come on and an alarm
    chime will sound.



  • Page 54

    54

    Instruments and controls

    Trip computer SID

    NOTE

    (Saab Information Display (SID)

    If the needle, despite the above action,
    enters the red zone, stop the car immediately, let the engine idle.
    If the needle stays in the red zone, stop
    the engine.

    WARNING
    Never open the cap of the expansion tank
    completely when the engine is hot, open
    with care. The over-pressure in the cooling-system can cause hot coolant and
    steam to be released.

    IB1280

    Check fuse 15 (radiator fan) in the fuse
    panel under the hood, see page 196.
    If the needle repeatedly enters the red zone,
    stop the car as soon as it is safe to do so and
    check the coolant level by looking at the
    level visible through the plastic tank - do not
    remove the cap.
    If the coolant level falls below the MIN mark,
    the SID will display the message ”FILL
    COOLANT FLUID”.

    The SID displays CHECK messages and
    has eight trip-computer functions (Saab Car
    Computer, SCC)
    The SID display is also used by the Audio
    System.

    Selector lever indication
    (Automatic transmission)
    The position of the selector lever is indicated on the main instrument panel.

    WARNING
    It is strongly recommended that the SID
    settings be changed only when the car is
    stationary. The driver’s attention can otherwise easily be distracted from the road.



  • Page 55

    Instruments and controls
    Outdoor temperature
    (Frost warning)
    SET

    NIGHT PANEL

    IB346

    CLEAR

    SCC
    Selecting the function

    Regardless of which function has been
    selected, except Night Panel Mode, SID will
    automatically display the outdoor temperature when it is between 26° and 38°F (-3°
    and +3°C). This also applies if the
    temperature has moved outside the range
    of 21° to 43°F (-6° to +6°C) but is again
    between 26° and 38°F (-3° and +3°C).

    Use the
    button to scroll through the
    following functions:
    DIST

    Distance to destination / Trip
    meter.

    ARRIV

    Estimated time of arrival.

    ALARM

    Alarm function.

    SPD W

    Speed warning (chime).

    WARNING
    Remember that roads can be icy even at
    temperatures of above 38°F (+3°C),
    especially on bridges and stretches of
    road that are sheltered from the sun.
    Use the
    button to scroll through the
    following functions:
    TEMP

    Outdoor temperature and Date.

    D.T.E.

    Estimated range (distance to
    empty fuel tank).

    FUEL ∅

    Average fuel consumption
    since function last reset.

    SPD ∅

    Average speed since function
    last reset.

    55

    Entering values for the functions
    Values can be entered for the following
    functions: SPD ∅, DIST, ARRIV, ALARM
    and SPD W.
    1 Select the desired function using

    or

    .
    2 Press the SET button for at least one
    second (figures start to flash and a
    chime sounds).
    3 Use
    or
    to increase or decrease
    the value (press CLEAR to reset).
    4 Press SET to record the value.



  • Page 56

    56

    Instruments and controls

    Setting the date
    1 Use
    to select TEMP.
    2 Press the SET button for at least one
    second (year starts to flash and a chime
    sounds).
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8

    Set the year using
    or
    .
    Touch SET.
    Set the month in the same way.
    Touch SET.
    Set the day in the same way.
    Press SET to save the date setting.

    Turning the Alarm and Speed
    warning on or off

    Calculation of arrival time and
    average speed

    1 Select the Alarm or Speed-warning
    function.
    2 Press SET to turn on the function.
    Press CLEAR to turn off the function.
    When either function is on, ALARM/SPD W
    respectively will be visible on the display. An
    asterisk * will be visible on the far right of the
    display when either function is selected.
    The Alarm and Speed-warning settings will
    not be cancelled when the engine is
    switched off.
    When the Alarm has been set to come on at
    a specified time, it will only be activated
    once – it will not come on at the same time
    every day. Press SET to turn it on again.
    The Alarm will continue to beep for one
    minute if not switched off.

    The settings must be made before the journey is started.
    Calculation of arrival time:
    1 Select DIST using the
    button.
    2 Set the destination distance.
    3 Press SET.
    When ARRIV is selected during the journey,
    the arrival time based on the average speed
    over the past 20 minutes will be displayed.
    Press DIST and the distance remaining to
    the destination will be displayed in the same
    way.
    After the distance to destination has
    decreased to zero, the DIST will function as
    a trip meter (see ”Using DIST as a trip
    meter”). The starting value for the trip meter
    will be the last distance set in the DIST
    function.
    Example: The DIST setting was 100 miles.
    Once 100 miles (160 km) has been covered, the DIST will start to function as a trip
    meter, the initial reading of which will be
    100 miles (160 km).



  • Page 57

    Instruments and controls
    Using DIST as a trip meter
    If no value has been set for the DIST function, DIST will now function as a trip meter
    (indicated by an arrow on the far right of the
    display).
    Press CLEAR to reset the trip meter.
    Under 1000 miles the distance will be
    shown in increments of 0.1 miles,
    there-after, the reading will change in increments of 1.0 miles.
    Metric units: for just under a kilometer, the
    distance will be shown in increments of
    10 meters, there-after, the reading will
    change in increments of 100 meters.
    When DIST is functioning as a trip meter,
    the ARRIV function will display the current
    time.

    To calculate the arrival time if a specified
    average speed is maintained
    1 Select DIST using the
    button.
    2 Set the distance to be covered.
    3 Press
    to select SPD Ø.
    4 Set the average speed you intend to
    drive at.
    5 Press SET to display the estimated
    arrival time.
    At the beginning of a journey, the SPD Ø
    and ARRIV functions will display current
    values. If values are set during the journey,
    the new values will be displayed after a
    delay of about 10 seconds.

    57

    Calculating the requisite average speed:
    1 Press
    to select DIST.
    2 Set the distance to be covered.
    3 Press
    to select ARRIV.
    4 Set the desired arrival time.
    5 Press SET to display the average speed
    you need to maintain to arrive at the
    desired time.
    At the beginning of a journey, the SPD Ø
    and ARRIV functions will display current
    values. If values are set during the journey,
    the new values will be displayed after a
    delay of about 10 seconds.



  • Page 58

    58

    Instruments and controls

    Resetting values
    To reset the values, press CLEAR for at
    least four seconds.
    The following functions will be reset
    simultaneously:
    • Estimated range on remaining fuel
    (function based on a fuel consumption of
    28 mpg).
    • Average fuel consumption.
    • Average speed.
    • Arrival time (function based on current
    speed).
    Programmed values for DIST, ALARM and
    SPD W will not be reset (see the respective
    function).

    CHECK messages
    When the engine is started, CHECKING will
    appear on the display for about four seconds, while the SID checks are being performed.
    When a CHECK message is generated
    while the car is being driven, a chime will
    sound, INFO DISPL will come on on the
    main instrument panel, and the message
    will appear on the SID. The number of messages that can be displayed by the SID
    varies with the specification of the car.
    If more than one CHECK message has
    been generated, the + symbol will appear to
    the left of the text on the display. The messages appear in order of priority.
    If a new fault occurs while another message
    is being displayed, the message relating to
    the new one will appear for 10 seconds,
    after which the display will return to the earlier one.
    Press CLEAR once to acknowledge a message, whereupon it will be cleared from the
    display. It will not be displayed again before
    the ignition has been switched off and then
    on again.

    The following messages may be displayed:
    Message

    See
    page

    FRONT LIGHT FAILURE

    182

    REAR LIGHT FAILURE

    185

    FOG LIGHT FAILURE

    186

    BRAKE LIGHT FAILURE

    185

    TEST BRAKE LIGHTS 1)

    185

    WASHER FLUID LEVEL LOW

    181

    FILL COOLANT FLUID

    174

    REPLACE KEY BATTERY

    35

    KEY NOT ACCEPTED

    42

    SERVICE THEFT ALARM

    42

    TRANSMISSION OVERHEATING

    141

    TIGHTEN FUEL FILLER CAP

    134

    TIME FOR SERVICE 2)

    218



  • Page 59

    Instruments and controls
    1 This message cannot be removed by pressing
    CLEAR. Depress the brake pedal.
    2 This message will be displayed approximately 600 miles (1,000 km) before the next
    scheduled service is due, or when 365 days
    have elapsed since the last service. The
    message should be cleared at the time of that
    service (see the Saab Warranties & Service
    Record Booklet).
    If you have carried out the service yourself,
    you can clear the message by pressing
    CLEAR once. Reset by pressing CLEAR for
    at least eight seconds, until ”SERVICE”
    appears on the display and a chime sounds.

    Night panel
    To improve night-driving conditions inside
    the car, the Night Panel mode can be
    selected. In this mode, the amount of information displayed is reduced, and only the
    most important instruments and displays
    will be illuminated.
    When the Night Panel button is pressed,
    only the speedometer will be illuminated (up
    to the 87-mph or 140-km/h graduation), all
    the other instruments illumination being
    extinguished and their needles moved to
    zero. Both the SID and the ACC displays will
    be extinguished and the backlighting for
    switches and other controls will be dimmed.
    Note: All indicator and warning lights,
    together with the display of CHECK messages, will operate as normal, except "Frost
    warning", see page 55.

    59

    The following conditions will wake up the
    respective displays in the Night-Panel
    mode:
    • Setting of the Audio system, SID or ACC
    (display comes on for ten seconds).
    • CHECK message generated in the SID.
    • High engine revs cause the rev counter to
    be illuminated until the engine speed has
    fallen again.
    • If the quantity of fuel remaining falls below
    4 gallons (15 liters), the fuel gauge will be
    illuminated.
    • If the engine temperature rises above normal, the temperature gauge will be illuminated.
    • If the speed of the car exceeds 84 mph
    (135 km/h), the entire speedometer will
    be illuminated.
    • In cars with automatic transmission, if the
    selector lever is moved from D to position
    3, 2 or 1, the selector indication on the
    main instrument panel will be illuminated.
    To restore the displays and lighting to the
    normal mode, press the Night-Panel button.



  • Page 60

    Instruments and controls

    Units and language versions
    The SID has four sets of units:
    METRIC IMP. 1

    IMP. 2

    US

    km

    miles

    miles

    miles

    km/h

    mph

    mph

    mph

    liters

    UK gal

    UK gal

    US gal

    °C

    °F

    °C

    °F

    24-hour 12-hour

    12-hour 12-hour

    CHECK messages can be displayed in six
    language options: English, Swedish,
    German, French, Italian and Spanish.

    Selecting units and language
    1 Press CLEAR and SET simultaneously
    for four seconds until a chime sounds.
    2 Press
    or
    units.
    3 Touch SET.

    to select the required

    4 Press
    or
    language.
    5 Touch SET.

    to select the required

    CLEAR
    IB1156

    60

    Clock
    Set the clock by means of the two buttons
    under the digital clock on the left of the display.



  • Page 61

    Instruments and controls

    61

    Switches
    Daytime running lights

    Light switches

    High/low beam
    Parking lights
    The parking lights can be switched on
    regardless of the position of the ignition
    switch.
    Note:
    The lighting switch must be in parking or
    headlight position (low beam position only)
    to operate the fog lights (see page 63).

    Headlights
    The headlights come on automatically when
    the ignition is ON and go off when the ignition switch is turned to the LOCK position.
    The parking lights, however, can be on
    when the ignition switch is in the LOCK position.

    2

    IB349

    1

    IB350

    The parking lights and daytime running
    lights come on automatically when the ignition switch is ON.
    Note to owners in the U.S.: If you do not
    want Daytime Running Lights, this feature
    can be disconnected: switch off the engine
    and remove fuse No. 35 (see page 194).
    Note to owners in Canada: Daytime Running Lights must not be disconnected as
    they are a Canadian Federal legal requirement.

    To switch between high and low beam, lift
    the control stalk fully towards you
    (position 2). When the high beam is on, the
    indicator on the main instrument panel will
    be illuminated.

    High beam flasher
    The headlights come on to high beam when
    the stalk is lifted to the first spring-loaded
    position (position 1) and remain on until the
    stalk is released.

    1 High beam signal
    2 High/low beam switching

    Courtesy Headlamp Feature
    A delay function allows the headlights to
    remain on low beam for about 30 seconds
    after the driver’s door has been closed.
    To activate this function, switch off the ignition and remove the key. Then, open the
    driver’s door and lift the high/low beam control stalk fully to its second position. The low
    beam headlights will come on after the
    driver’s door has been closed and will
    remain on for about 30 seconds. The length
    of time for this function can be adjusted by
    your authorized Saab dealer.



  • Page 62

    62

    Instruments and controls

    1
    0

    Rear fog light

    Instrument illumination

    Press the button to switch on the rear fog
    light, which will only come on if the headlights are on.
    The rear fog light will go off automatically
    when the engine is switched off. When the
    fog light is next needed, it will have to be
    switched on manually again.
    The rear fog light consists of one light so it
    should not be mistaken for rear light.
    Make sure you are familiar with the applicable provincial/state law regarding the
    use of rear fog lights.

    The brightness of the instrument illumination can be varied by means of the dimmer
    switch adjacent to the headlight switch.
    (See also Night panel on page 59).
    In daylight or other equally bright light, the
    instrument and switch illumination is automatically extinguished.

    WARNING
    In poor visibility, avoid following the tail
    lights of the vehicle in front. If the vehicle
    stops suddenly, you may be unable to
    avoid a collision and therefore risk injury
    to yourself and others.

    IB354

    IB352

    IB351

    2
    Turn signal and lane change indicators
    1 Right indicators
    2 Left indicators

    Turn signal and lane change indicators
    To switch on the turn signals/lane change
    indicators, move the stalk up or down.
    The stalk has fixed positions for indicating a
    right or left turn, and the indicators are cancelled automatically (stalk returns to off
    position).
    The stalk also has an intermediate,
    spring-loaded position that is useful for signalling when changing lanes or passing.
    The respective indicator lights on the instrument panel flash at the same frequency as
    the direction indicators.



  • Page 63

    Instruments and controls

    63

    Front fog lights
    The front fog lights can be activated in both
    dimmed headlamp and parking light positions. Fog lights should only be used in poor
    visibility conditions.
    Make sure you are familiar with the applicable provincial/state law regarding the
    use of fog lights.

    Reversing lights
    The reversing lights come on automatically
    when reverse gear is engaged or selected
    with the ignition switched on.

    IB356

    IB355

    WARNING

    Hazard warning lights

    Hazard warning lights
    When this button is pressed, all the turn
    signal indicators and a symbol in the button
    flash simultaneously. If the ignition is on,
    both indicator lights on the instrument panel
    will also flash.
    If the hazard warning lights are left on for
    some time, the flasher frequency will be
    reduced to save the battery.
    Hazard warning lights should only be used
    if the car constitutes a hazard to other road
    users.

    Switch on the hazard flashers if the car
    has to be left at the roadside on account
    of an accident, engine trouble or a puncture. If you carry a warning triangle or
    flares, they should be set up along side of
    the road 300 ft. (100 m) behind your vehicle. If the car is not clearly visible (e.g.
    over the brow of a hill or bridge), place the
    triangle/flare even further back.



  • Page 64

    64

    Instruments and controls
    1

    1

    2

    2

    1

    IB357

    IB358

    3

    1 Interior lighting on continuously
    2 Lighting comes on when a door is opened
    3 Lighting always off

    Interior lighting
    The interior lighting consists of one dome
    light in the front and one in the back, a
    map-reading light in the front, two reading
    lights in the back, floor courtesy lights in the
    front (in some model variants) and door
    courtesy lights on all doors.
    The courtesy lights come on automatically
    when the respective door is opened. Each
    reading light has its own switch adjacent to
    the lamp.
    The switch for the dome lights is on the front
    overhead panel. When the switch is in the
    mid-position (door-activated), the interior
    lighting will come on:

    1 Reading lights
    2 Dome light

    • When the car is unlocked from the outside.
    • When any door is opened.
    • When the ignition key is withdrawn from
    the switch.
    When the switch on the overhead panel is in
    the mid-position, the lighting is switched off
    automatically 30 seconds after the last door
    has been closed or when the ignition is
    switched ON.
    There is also a light in the sun visors. The
    light comes on when the cover over the
    vanity mirror is opened.
    When the ignition is OFF, if a door has been
    left open for 20 minutes, the interior lighting
    will be switched off automatically to save the
    battery.

    Luggage-compartment lighting
    The luggage-compartment lighting comes
    on automatically when the trunk is opened
    and goes out when the trunk is closed.
    The lighting will also be switched off automatically after 20 minutes if the trunk has
    been left open.



  • Page 65

    Instruments and controls

    Wipers and washers

    Washers
    When the washers are operated, the wipers
    will make 3, 4 or 5 sweeps, depending on
    how long the washers were kept on. If the
    speed of the car is less than 12 mph
    (20 km/h), the wipers will make an additional sweep after 9 seconds.

    Headlamp wipers
    The headlamp wipers will operate at the
    same time as the windshield washers are
    activated.

    1
    1

    4 0
    2

    3

    IB569

    2
    IB359

    The delay of the intermittent operation can
    be adjusted to between 2 and 15 seconds.
    Moving the control stalk to the
    spring-loaded position between 0 and 2 will
    produce a single sweep of the wipers.
    The wipers are designed for optimal cleaning at all driving speeds. At higher speeds,
    it may be possible to detect a slight "sweeping" sound. This may be due to the
    increased air pressure on the blades at
    higher speeds.

    65

    0 OFF
    1 Windshield wipers: intermittent operation.
    The delay can be adjusted to between 2 and
    15 seconds
    2 Windshield wipers: low speed
    3 Windshield wipers: high speed
    4 Washers

    Control for setting wiper delay
    1 Long delay
    2 Short delay



  • Page 66

    66

    Instruments and controls

    Rear-window wiper (9-5 Wagon)
    The rear-window wiper and washer are
    operated with the same stalk switch as
    used for washing and wiping the windshield
    and headlights.
    This stalk has two additional switches,

    1
    2

    The
    position provides washing and
    wiping. After a few sweeps the wiper stops
    or reverts to intermittent wiping, if this has
    been chosen. About 15 seconds after completion of the washing/wiping of the rear
    window, the wiper makes a single sweep to
    wipe away any remaining washer fluid.
    A spring-loaded position between the OFF
    and ON positions allows for a single sweep
    of the rear-window wiper.
    Intermittent wiping of the rear window
    occurs when reverse gear is engaged if the
    windshield wipers are in position 1, 2 or 3,
    see page 65.

    IB1207

    ON/OFF
    and
    .
    The ON position provides intermittent wiping.

    Rear-window wiper
    1 Intermittent wiping
    2 Washers



  • Page 67

    Instruments and controls

    67

    Automatic climate
    control (ACC)
    ºF AUTO
    ºC

    2

    4

    5

    AUTO

    1

    6
    3

    ECON

    7
    ACC panel
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5

    ºF
    ºC

    ECON OFF

    Temperature setting: LH side
    AUTO: All settings selected automatically
    Manual setting of fan speed
    Manual setting of air distribution
    Rear-window heating: ON/OFF

    The incoming air is treated in three stages:
    first it passes through a filter; it is then dehumidified and cooled and, finally, if required,
    heated.
    The ACC system also includes a charcoal
    filter which further improves the quality of
    the cabin air. This filter is a special benefit to
    allergy sufferers, as it reduces concentrations of noxious substances, such as benzene and toluene.

    6
    7
    8
    9

    9

    OFF

    8

    IB367

    The ACC system automatically works to
    maintain the desired temperature inside the
    car.
    The system will achieve the desired temperature in the quickest possible way. Note that
    selecting a higher or lower temperature than
    that desired will not speed up the process.
    For the ACC system to be most effective, all
    windows (and sunroof, if fitted) should be
    closed.
    Fresh air for the cabin is drawn in through an
    inlet grille adjacent to the bottom edge of the
    windshield. The air flows through a filter
    upstream of the ACC system before delivery to the cabin. Cabin air is evacuated via
    openings in the rear parcel shelf and then
    through outlets on either side of the car
    behind the rear bumper.

    Recirculation: ON/OFF
    A/C compressor: ON/OFF
    ACC system: ON/OFF
    Temperature setting: RH side

    To reduce the likelihood of misting on the
    insides of the windows, the glass should be
    cleaned with a quality window cleaner. How
    often this will need to be done depends on
    how clean the air is – if there are smokers in
    the car, cleaning will need to be done more
    frequently.



  • Page 68

    68

    Instruments and controls
    The system has five sensors:

    1

    IB362

    • Outdoor temperature sensor.
    • Interior temperature sensor.
    • Sun sensor (mounted on top of the
    fascia).
    • Two blended-air temperature sensors
    (mounted inside the front floor vents).
    Caution If anything is placed over the sun
    sensor, the ACC system will not function
    properly.

    Panel vent

    Panel vents
    The panel vents swivel universally, so that
    air can be directed as desired. In winter, for
    instance, the outer vents can be directed
    onto the door windows for enhanced
    demisting.
    The flow of air through the panel vents can
    be controlled individually for each vent by
    means of the adjacent control. If less air is
    required, begin by closing the panel vent
    half way.
    IB368

    2

    1 Interior-temperature sensor
    2 Sun sensor



  • Page 69

    IB369

    Instruments and controls

    Air vent at rear side window

    69

    Temperature control

    Settings when HI selected:

    The cabin is divided into two temperature
    zones:

    • Maximum heat.
    • Air distribution to windshield and floor.
    • Recirculation OFF (even if manually
    selected before).
    • Fan: high speed.
    • Settings shown on ACC display.
    Settings when LO selected:

    • The driver’s zone.
    • The passenger zone (front and rear
    seats).
    The desired temperature can be set
    between 58 and 82°F (15 and 27°C). In
    addition, there are also HI and LO settings
    (see below). The HI and LO settings for the
    passenger zone can only be selected if they
    are also selected for the driver’s zone.
    The displayed temperature is not the absolute temperature but corresponds to the
    comfort level normally experienced at that
    temperature after allowance has been
    made for the air flow, relative humidity, solar
    radiation, etc., currently prevailing inside
    the car.
    • The most usual temperature setting is
    64-75°F (18-24°C), depending on personal preference and what clothing is
    worn.
    • It is recommended that changes in the
    temperature setting be made in steps of
    2°F (1°C).
    • Once the desired climate has been
    achieved, the rear center vents can be
    closed to prevent warm air being distributed at face height.

    • Maximum cooling (A/C compressor will
    run even if ECON manually selected
    before).
    • Air distribution through panel vents.
    • Fan: maximum speed.
    • Recirculation ON.
    • Settings shown on ACC display.



  • Page 70

    70

    Instruments and controls

    Temperature, air distribution, fan speed and
    recirculation will all be controlled automatically.
    In falling temperatures the A/C compressor is
    switched off at 32°F (0°C).
    In rising temperatures the A/C compressor is
    switched on at 41°F (+5°C).
    If at the start the outside air temperature is 32 - 41°F
    (0 – +5°C), the A/C compressor is switched off.

    • Pressing AUTO once will cancel all previous
    manual selections.
    • Pressing AUTO a second time will result in all the
    automatically selected settings being displayed.
    When the engine is started, the A/C system is in
    AUTO mode, apart from any currently set program,
    see page 73 and 74).

    A/C compressor OFF.
    No cooling of inlet air. Temperature, air distribution
    and fan speed still under automatic control.

    IB372

    IB370

    Pressing AUTO will cancel all manual settings.
    If a manual function is selected it will be locked in but other functions
    will be controlled automatically.
    The selected temperature is always maintained automatically.

    IB371

    Functions

    ACC system OFF.
    Fan OFF.
    A/C compressor OFF.
    Warm air OFF.
    Air-distribution selections locked in current settings.
    Recirculation can be selected manually.
    Pressing the AUTO button will put the system into
    automatic mode.
    Pressing the OFF button again will result in the system reverting to any previous manual settings.



  • Page 71

    IB374

    The rear-window and door-mirror heating is
    controlled manually.
    Switch off the heating as soon as the rear window
    is clear, to avoid imposing a heavy load on the battery longer than necessary. Note, however, that the
    heating will go off automatically after 5-10 minutes
    (depending on the outdoor temperature) or sooner
    if the voltage in the electrical system falls below
    10 V.
    The ACC system can be programmed to switch on
    the heating automatically when the outdoor temperature is below 41°F (+5°C) and the temperature
    inside the car is below 50°F (+10°C) (see ”Programming I and II”, on pages 73 and 74).

    Recirculation is selected automatically for effective
    cooling, but it can also be switched on/off manually.
    Although recirculation does not substantially affect
    the air quality, it is useful to prevent unpleasant
    smells or fumes being drawn into the car from
    outside.

    IB375

    71

    To increase the fan speed in steps.
    If, after being off, the ignition is switched on but the
    engine is not started, the fan will run at low speed
    until the engine is running.

    IB376

    IB373

    Instruments and controls

    To decrease the fan speed in steps.
    If the fan is set to 0, the A/C compressor will cut out
    and ECON will appear on the display.
    If, after being off, the ignition is switched on but the
    engine is not started, the fan will run at low speed
    until the engine is running.



  • Page 72

    72

    Instruments and controls

    Press once: Defrosting of all windows will take
    place (air flow to rear side windows shut off) with:

    Defroster & floor vents

    ACC67







    Floor vents and rear side windows

    ACC68

    The fan running at high speed.
    Air being distributed to the defroster vents.
    Normal temperature control will operate.
    Recirculation will be OFF.
    Heating of the rear window and door mirrors will
    be switched ON.
    The defroster function will continue to operate until
    a new selection is made, although the heating for
    the rear window and door mirrors will be switched
    off automatically after 5-10 minutes, depending on
    the temperature outside.
    Press twice: Air will be directed onto the windshield
    with no increase in the fan speed. The heating for
    the rear window will not be switched on.
    To revert to the previous selection, press the AUTO
    button.

    ACC66

    ACC65

    Air distribution

    Floor & panel vents



  • Page 73

    Instruments and controls

    73

    Programming I

    ACC69

    Manual selections can be programmed into the ACC system so that
    these will take effect when the car is started. Note that the ignition
    must be switched off for at least ten minutes after programming for
    the selections to be saved in the system’s memory.

    Panel (and center rear vent)
    Starting in cold weather
    To start with, the system will automatically select the defroster setting, maximum heat and low fan speed.
    As the engine warms up, air will also be distributed through the floor
    vents and the fan speed will be increased.
    As the temperature inside the car nears the selected value, both the
    fan speed and the heat will be decreased to a level determined by
    the system.
    Starting in hot weather
    The system will automatically distribute air through the panel vents
    at high fan speed and will switch on the A/C compressor (unless the
    ECON switch has been pressed).
    If the outdoor temperature is above 86°F (30°C), the system might
    select recirculation after approximately 45 seconds if this is required
    in order to reach the desired temperature.
    As the temperature inside the car nears the selected value, the fan
    speed will be decreased to a value determined by the system.

    1 Make sure the ignition is ON.
    2 Select the desired settings.
    3 Press
    and
    , simultaneously
    (the display will flash to confirm that the settings have been
    recorded).
    Example: If you want air distribution through the panel vents when
    you start the car, press
    and

    and then save the setting by pressing

    .

    Cancelling the programmed settings (I)
    To cancel the programmed settings, press
    and
    simultaneously (the display will flash to confirm that the settings
    have been cancelled).



  • Page 74

    74

    Instruments and controls

    Programming II

    The heating will come on
    Rear-window heating
    about five seconds after the can only be switched
    engine has started if the out- on manually.
    door temperature is below
    41°F (+5°C).
    –This function helps to prevent ice or mist forming on
    the rear window in cold,
    damp weather. Fuel consumption may increase
    slightly.

    It is also possible to customize the ACC system, e.g. to adapt to
    driving and weather conditions.
    Function

    Operation in AUTO mode
    after Programming II

    Standard operation
    in AUTO mode

    The A/C compressor will not
    cut in unless the outdoor
    temperature is above 55°F
    (+13°C).
    –This function saves fuel by
    delaying the cutting-in of the
    A/C compressor. However,
    in wet weather it is advisable
    to have the A/C compressor
    running when outdoor temperatures are below 57°
    (+14°C), as the A/C system
    reduces the likelihood of the
    windows’ misting up.

    A/C compressor cuts
    in when outdoor temperature is above 41°F
    (+5°C)

    Recirculation will be
    switched on if the speed of
    the car is less than 6 mph (10
    km/h) and will be switched off
    when the speed has risen
    above 20 mph (30 km/h), but
    not if the ECON mode has
    been programmed according
    to "Programming II".
    –This function is useful to
    prevent fumes being drawn
    into the car in traffic jams.

    Recirculation is
    switched on about
    45 seconds after starting if the outdoor temperature is above 86°F
    (+30°C) and the
    selected temperature
    for the cabin is well
    below the actual temperature in both temperature zones.

    To program a function or to cancel a programmed function, press
    and hold in the relevant button until the corresponding symbol has
    flashed four times on the display and a chime has sounded.
    Make sure the ignition is ON.
    Function

    Text displayed on SID
    during programming

    Text displayed on SID
    when cancelling
    program

    ACC: LO TEMP
    A/C CTRL

    ACC: NORMAL
    A/C CTRL

    ACC: RECIRC
    ACC: SPEED CTRL

    ACC: RECIRC
    ACC: NORMAL CTRL

    ACC: AUTO
    RDEFR CTRL

    ACC: MANUAL
    RDEFR CTRL

    Example: To have the ACC system switch the heating for the rear
    window and door mirrors ON/OFF automatically, press and hold in
    until the symbol has flashed four times on the display and a
    chime has sounded.



  • Page 75

    Instruments and controls
    The display shows:
    ACC: AUTO
    RDEFR CTRL
    Once a function has been recorded under ”Programming II”, it will
    remain in the system until you cancel the program.
    AUTO will still show on the display after a function has been saved
    in ”Programming II”.

    A range of additional functions can be reprogrammed in
    the ACC system, although this can only be done by an
    authorized Saab dealer, see page 237.

    75

    Calibration
    If the battery has been disconnected or has run flat, the system will
    need to be recalibrated.
    To start the calibration procedure:
    1 Start the engine.
    2 Press
    and
    simultaneously.
    Calibration takes about 30 seconds. During this time and for about
    3 seconds after the operation has been completed, the number of
    fault codes (if any) stored in the system will appear in the temperature display on the left. The fault codes themselves will be shown in
    the temperature display on the right.

    Useful tips
    (Before driving the car to an authorized Saab dealer)
    • If AUTO is not shown on the display, see ”Cancelling the programmed settings (I)” on page 73.
    • If you suspect that the ACC system is not functioning properly,
    cancel (delete) all programmed settings and then recalibrate the
    system.
    See ”Cancelling the programmed settings (I) and (II)”, pages 73
    and 74, and ”Calibration” above.
    Note that AUTO will show on the display even if you have completed Programming II, but that this does not apply to Programming I.
    • If the battery has been disconnected or has run flat, the ACC
    system will need to be recalibrated. See ”Calibration” above.



  • Page 76

    76

    Instruments and controls

    Condensation
    When the A/C system is running, the intake
    air is dehumidified, and the resultant condensation is drained off through two outlets
    underneath the floor of the car, in the vicinity
    of the front doors.
    It is therefore perfectly normal for water to
    be seen dripping from these outlets when
    the car is parked. Greater amounts of condensation will result in warmer, more humid
    ambient air.

    Formation of ice and mist in
    extremes of weather
    It is only in the most extreme conditions that
    icing and misting of window glass are likely
    to be a problem, e.g. in torrential rain or
    severe cold coupled with high relative
    humidity, or when passengers are perspiring heavily or wearing wet clothes.
    The following measures are recommended
    if such problems should occur:
    1 Select AUTO and 70°F (21°C) for both
    temperature zones.
    2 Select Defroster.
    If this is not enough...
    3 Increase the fan speed.
    If this is not enough...
    4 Select a higher temperature.
    The following measures are recommended
    if the occupants feel that it is cold and drafty
    in the car:
    1 Make sure that all the air vents are fully
    open, including the center rear vent.
    If this is not enough...
    2 Direct the air flow away from the body.
    If this is not enough...
    3 Raise the temperature setting a degree
    or two. If this is not enough...
    4 Lower the fan speed.

    Fault diagnosis and maintenance,
    see page 206.



  • Page 77

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    77

    IB1198

    Saab 9-5 Audio
    System
    Quick guide to the Saab 9-5
    Audio System ...................
    Sound controls...................
    Radio ...................................
    Cassette player ..................
    CD player ............................
    CD changer.........................
    General functions ..............
    Steering-wheel controls ....
    Security lock.......................
    Technical data ....................
    Installation of car phone
    (option)..............................
    Fault codes .........................

    79
    81
    82
    84
    87
    89
    93
    94
    94
    95
    98
    99



  • Page 78

    78

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    To get the best out of your Saab 9-5 Audio
    System, we recommend that you read
    through this entire section.
    The Saab 9-5 Audio System is available in
    two versions: Premium on the 9-5 and Prestige on the 9-5 SE (Prestige system is also
    available as an option on the 9-5 S model.)
    Both models have been specially matched
    to the Saab 9-5 cabin.
    The two models are comprised of a radio,
    CD player and cassette player.
    A six-disc CD changer for installation in the
    luggage compartment is available as a
    dealer-installed accessory/option.
    The Premium model has seven speakers:
    three mounted in the fascia (the center
    speaker further enhances the overall sound
    image) and one in each door.
    The Prestige model (Harman/Kardon) has
    nine speakers (9-5 Wagon has eight speakers): three mounted in the fascia (the center
    speaker further enhances the sound
    image), one in each door and two subwoofers in the rear window shelf (9-5 Wagon:
    one subwoofer in the luggage compartment). The subwoofers enhance reproduction of the lowest base notes.

    The Audio System is connected to the Saab
    Information Display (SID), which is at the
    top of the main instrument panel. Messages, indicators and the like for the Audio
    System are shown on this display.

    Indicator
    AS

    Radio is in Autostore mode

    RDM

    Random playback of CD
    tracks when CD player
    selected

    DOLBY B/C noise reduction
    (DOLBY B/C) on for cassette player



  • Page 79

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    Quick guide to the
    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    Preset station buttons
    Press once: play the preset station.
    Press & hold briefly: store a new station.

    Radio (see page 82)
    PUSH

    ON

    BAS

    VOL

    TRE

    PULL

    BAL

    FAD

    ON
    To switch the system ON, press the volume button. The last settings used will be activated.
    If the Audio System is switched on when the ignition key is not in the switch, the system will automatically be switched off after one hour has
    elapsed since a control button on the radio was
    last pressed.
    OFF
    To switch the system OFF, press the volume button or remove the ignition key.
    VOL
    To adjust the volume, rotate the VOL control.
    BAL
    To adjust the balance between the left and right
    channels, pull out and turn the VOL control.
    BAS
    Press to release the button, and adjust the base
    level. Lock the setting by pushing the button in.
    TRE
    Press to release the button, and adjust the treble. Lock the setting by pushing the button in.
    FAD
    Press to release the button, and adjust the fade
    between the front and rear sets of speakers.
    Lock the setting by pushing the button in.

    SEEK

    AS

    SEARCH

    Auto tuning
    Press once: auto (seek) tuning.
    Press & hold briefly: manual tuning.
    Press once: Autostore ON/OFF.
    Press & hold briefly: automatic tuning and
    storing of the 6 strongest stations.
    Press once: change waveband.

    RADIO
    BAND

    Press once: activate Weather Band.

    79



  • Page 80

    80

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    Cassette player. See page 84

    Remove CD.

    Press once: Selects cassette player when
    other source active.
    When tape playing: Dolby B/C ON/OFF.

    CD changer (accessory/option). See page 89
    Switch to playback other side of tape.

    Press once: Change to CD changer when CD
    player is active.
    Press twice: Change to CD changer when radio
    or cassette player is active.
    Press & hold briefly: Random playback of
    entire magazine.

    CD

    RDM

    Eject.

    SEEK

    Press once: Track search on current disc.
    Press & hold briefly: Rapid play.
    Press SEEK (mid-segment) once: Switch
    between Rapid play (PLAY) and Fast track
    search (TRACK).
    Press SEEK (mid-segment) & hold briefly:
    Scan/disc.
    Press SEEK (mid-segment) & hold
    (2 chimes): Scan/magazine.

    SEEK

    Press once: Music search (next track).
    Press & hold briefly: Fast forward/rewind.
    Press SEEK (mid-segment): Blank skip
    ON/OFF.

    CD player. See page 87
    CD

    RDM

    SEEK

    Press once: switch to CD player when other
    source active.
    Press & hold briefly: Random playback.
    Press once: Track search.
    Press & hold briefly: Rapid play (passage
    search) or Fast track search.
    Press SEEK (mid-segment) once: Switches
    between Rapid play (PLAY) and Fast track
    search (TRACK).
    Press SEEK (mid-segment) & hold briefly:
    Scan disc.

    Selects disc in magazine.
    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6



  • Page 81

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    81

    Sound controls
    ON/OFF
    The Audio System will come on:
    • When the volume control is pressed.
    • When the ignition is switched ON, if the
    Audio System was on when the ignition
    key was last removed.
    The Audio System will be switched off:
    DOLBY B NR

    IB1154

    • When the volume control is pressed.
    • When the ignition key is removed.
    • One hour after the ignition was switched
    OFF, if the ignition key has not been
    removed.
    • When one hour has elapsed since a control button on the Audio System was last
    pressed after the ignition key was
    removed.

    VOL - Volume
    BAL - Balance
    Pull out and rotate the VOL control to adjust
    the balance between the left and right
    speakers. When the control is released, it
    reverts to the volume function.
    BAS/TRE/FAD controls:
    Rotate clockwise to increase the level and
    counterclockwise to reduce it.

    BAS - Bass
    TRE - Treble
    FAD - Fader
    The fader control adjusts the balance
    between the front and rear sets of speakers.

    The Bass, Treble and Fader controls must
    be pressed first to release them.



  • Page 82

    82

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    Radio
    Press the RADIO/BAND button (3) to switch
    to the radio when another source is active.

    Preset station buttons (1)

    The small figure on the far right of the display is the number of the preset button
    selected.
    Presetting a station
    Press and hold in the desired button (for
    more than a second) to store the currently
    tuned station. During this time, the radio will
    be mute. The sound will return as soon as
    the station has been stored.

    IB1088

    Press once (release within a second) to
    select a preset station, e.g.

    Tuning (2)

    Waveband selector (3)

    Automatic seek tuning:
    Press SEEK >> briefly to search for higher
    frequencies or << SEEK for lower frequencies.
    Manual tuning:
    To switch to the manual-tuning function,
    press SEEK >> or << SEEK and release
    quickly (a chime will sound and the M indicator will appear on the display).
    The function will revert to automatic seek
    tuning two seconds after the last manual frequency change has been made.

    Press the RADIO/BAND button repeatedly
    to move through the waveband selections:
    FM1, FM2, and AM.

    AS, Autostore (4)
    The autostore mode provides an additional
    preset function that can be used to search
    for and to store stations when you are in an
    area where you are unfamiliar with the stations and their frequencies.
    Press the AS/SEARCH button to switch the
    Autostore mode ON/OFF. When the
    Autostore mode is ON, the AS indicator will
    show at the bottom of the display.



  • Page 83

    Saab 9-5 Audio System
    Press and hold in the AS/SEARCH button
    for more than a second to initiate a search
    for the six strongest stations.
    Each time the system finds and stores a station, the number on the far right of the display will change. If the system cannot find
    six stations with good reception, the remaining preset buttons will be empty. If one of
    these empty buttons is pressed, U**** (FM)
    or AM**** will appear on the display.
    When the system leaves the AS mode, it
    returns to the station that was selected
    before the AS mode was activated.
    The AS mode can also be used in the AM
    band.

    WB (Weather Band) (5)
    Press the WB button to select the Weather
    Band mode. The radio will automatically
    search for the strongest national weather
    service station in the area. When a weather
    band station is received, the display indicates "WB". The strongest station generally
    provides the most accurate information for
    the area in which you are travelling.
    To exit the Weather Band mode, depress
    the WB button again. Weather Band reception is available in CD, TAPE and RADIO
    mode. If the radio is unable to find a sufficiently strong station to lock onto, the unit
    will continue to search and the display will
    indicate "NO WB".

    83



  • Page 84

    84

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    Cassette player
    VOL

    PUSH

    ON

    deck, with the exposed tape to the right.
    Playback will start with the side that is facing
    up (indicated by A on the display). The display will now be as follows:

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    SEEK

    TAPE (1)
    Turn on the cassette player by pressing
    or by inserting a cassette in the

    5

    PULL

    BAL

    2
    BAS

    TRE

    FAD

    DOLBY B NR

    1
    AS

    SEARCH

    RADIO

    CD

    BAND

    RDM

    3

    Playback direction (2)
    To play the other side of the tape,
    press

    .

    The deck will automatically change the playback direction when the end of the tape is
    reached, be it during playback, fast
    forward/rewind or music search.

    4

    IB1090

    Before playing a tape, make sure that the
    label is secure and that the cassette is not
    warped, otherwise the cassette can
    become jammed in the deck. The cassette
    player senses automatically whether the
    tape is normal or metal (Type I or Type II).

    Dolby® noise reduction (3)

    Eject button (4)

    Press TAPE/DOLBY to switch on Dolby NR
    B/C.
    Dolby B/C should be on for playback of
    tapes recorded with Dolby B/C, and off for
    those recorded without Dolby B/C.

    To stop playback of a tape, press the eject
    button
    or select another source.
    If you select another source without pressing the eject button, the tape will remain in
    the deck but the head and pinch rollers will
    be clear of the tape. The same applies if the
    Audio System is switched off while a tape is
    being played. Tapes can still be ejected
    when the system is turned off.



  • Page 85

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    85

    Music search forward/reverse (5)

    Fast forward/rewind

    Auto music search (Blank skip)

    To search forward for a track, press
    SEEK >> and release quickly (within half a
    second). The following will now appear on
    the display:

    Press and hold SEEK >> to start fastforward to the end of the tape. The following
    will now appear on the display:

    To switch the Blank-skip function ON/OFF,
    press and hold SEEK (mid-segment).
    When the Blank-skip function is active (display: BL SKIP ON), unrecorded gaps that
    are longer than 15 seconds will automatically be skipped.
    When auto music search is in progress, the
    following will show on the display:

    To perform a backward search, press
    << SEEK instead.
    A forward search will continue until a gap of
    at least 4 seconds is found, or until you
    press SEEK >> or SEEK (mid-segment).
    Pressing and holding the button during a
    search will initiate the fast-forward function.

    Press SEEK >> once to cancel fast-forward.
    Press and hold SEEK briefly to switch to
    music search.
    Fast rewind (<< WIND) is performed in the
    same way as fast forward.

    If a track has been recorded at an unusually
    low level and is therefore identified incorrectly as a gap between tracks, it could initiate a spurious “auto music search.
    To cancel such a search, press and hold
    SEEK (mid-segment) during playback. The
    following will now appear on the display:



  • Page 86

    86

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    Type II (metal) tapes

    Tape care

    The cassette has an automatic tape-type
    selector.

    Do not expose cassette tapes to direct sunlight or to extremes of temperature as this
    can damage the cassette and the tape.
    Always keep cassettes in their boxes when
    not in use.
    If a cassette should become jammed in the
    deck, seek help from an authorized Saab
    dealer.

    Cleaning-due indicator
    After 30 hours’ playing time, the following
    message will appear on the display:

    The message will be displayed for ten
    seconds each time the cassette player is
    selected.
    A cleaning tape should be used to clean the
    heads inside the cassette player to maintain
    good reproduction and to prevent unnecessary wear.
    To reset the playing-time meter:
    1 Remove the current tape.
    2 Load the cleaning tape and play it for the
    required time.
    3 Remove the cleaning tape and reload
    the other one.



  • Page 87

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    CD player

    87

    3

    NOTE

    To select the CD mode, load a CD into the
    deck or, if one is already loaded, press the
    CD/RDM button.
    Insert the CD, label-side up, and allow the
    mechanism to load it automatically. Playback of the first track will start and the following message will appear on the display:

    A tiny, amber-colored LED indicator to the
    left of the disc tray is illuminated when a disc
    is loaded.
    When all the tracks have been played, the
    CD player will restart playback from track 1.
    To cancel playback, press the eject, RADIO
    or TAPE button.

    VOL

    PUSH

    ON

    PULL

    BAL

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    1
    SEEK

    BAS

    TRE

    FAD

    AS

    SEARCH

    DOLBY B NR

    RADIO
    BAND

    CD

    RDM

    2

    IB1096

    Do not use writeable CDs in your Audio
    System, as in certain cases these types of
    CD are only suitable for home use and
    can therefore cause operational problems.

    Track search (1)

    Rapid play (passage search)

    Press << SEEK or SEEK >> repeatedly to
    move to preceding or following tracks.
    Pressing << SEEK once will restart playback from the beginning of the current track.
    Thus, to play the preceding track, press
    << SEEK twice.

    When << SEEK or SEEK >> is pressed and
    held, rapid play will be initiated, with the time
    and track showing on the display, e.g.:

    If the button is depressed for more than
    5 seconds, the rapid play will be even faster.
    Rapid play stops when the button is
    released.



  • Page 88

    88

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    Fast track search

    Random playback (RDM) (2)

    Press SEEK (mid-segment) once to switch
    between the CD-PLAY and CD-TRACK
    modes.

    Press and hold the CD/RDM button to
    select/deselect random playback of the current disc. When this function is selected,
    RDM will appear at the bottom of the display.
    Press SEEK >> once to move from the current track to the next during random playback.
    Press << SEEK once to repeat the current
    track during random playback.
    Pressing and holding << SEEK or >> SEEK
    will start Rapid play.

    The CD-PLAY and CD-TRACK modes
    change the function of << SEEK and
    SEEK >>. The selected mode will also be
    active the next time the system is switched
    on. Choose the mode that you find most
    convenient:
    CD PLAY

    Pressing and holding
    << (SEEK) or >> (SEEK)
    briefly starts Rapid play

    CD TRACK

    Pressing and holding
    << (SEEK) or >> (SEEK)
    briefly starts Fast track
    search

    SCAN
    To start the SCAN function, which enables
    you to hear a sample of each track on the
    disc, press and hold SEEK (mid-segment).
    The display shows that SCAN is in progress
    and which track is currently being sampled.
    For instance, if you started SCAN while
    playing the first track, the following display
    will appear:

    The sample playback starts 30 seconds
    after the start of the track and lasts for 8 seconds.
    When all the tracks on the disc have been
    scanned, the system will revert to playback
    of the track that was playing when SCAN
    was selected.

    Press any segment of the SEEK button
    during scanning to play the current track
    from the beginning and simultaneously
    cancel the SCAN function.

    Eject (3)
    Press
    to remove the disc.
    If you press the eject button to open the tray
    but do not remove the disc, the CD player
    will automatically close the tray again after
    10 seconds, without restarting playback.



  • Page 89

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    2

    89

    3

    CD changer in luggage compartment,
    Saab 9-5 Sedan

    CD changer
    (accessory)
    NOTE
    Do not use writeable CDs in your audio
    system, as in certain cases these types of
    CD are only suitable for home use and
    can therefore cause operational problems.
    Important! Always keep the sliding cover
    closed to keep dust out of the CD changer,
    so that it will continue to provide satisfactory
    service for a long time.

    CD changer in luggage compartment,
    Saab 9-5 Wagon
    To load the CD changer (which is installed
    in the luggage compartment and can
    accommodate six CDs) proceed as follows:
    1 Slide the top right back.
    2 Lift out the CD magazine.
    3 Press back the catch on the magazine.
    4 Withdraw one CD tray at a time and
    swap/load the CD (label side up). Slide
    the tray back into the magazine.
    Note the position of the magazine for loading (see picture).
    Insert the entire magazine carefully inside
    the CD changer and slide back the cover.

    4

    IB383

    IB1341

    IB1208

    1

    Changing a CD

    To select the CD changer
    • If the Audio System is in the RADIO or
    TAPE mode, press the CD/RDM button
    twice.
    • If the CD player is active, press the
    CD/RDM button once.
    If the CDs in the magazine have not been
    changed, the system will start playback
    from where it left off before.
    If there is no magazine in the CD changer,
    the following will appear on the display:



  • Page 90

    90

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    If the magazine in the CD changer is empty,
    the following will appear on the display:

    VOL

    PUSH

    ON

    1

    PULL

    BAL

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    SEEK

    BAS

    TRE

    FAD

    AS

    SEARCH

    DOLBY B NR

    RADIO
    BAND

    CD

    RDM

    3
    Selecting CDs (1)
    When the CD changer is operating, the
    radio preset buttons work for the six CDs in
    the magazine. Press the button for the
    corresponding CD.
    If the selected CD is already being played,
    playback will restart from the first track.

    IB1104

    If the CD changer is activated right after a
    magazine has been loaded, the following
    will appear on the display:

    The CD number will change as each CD is
    played.
    After a magazine has been loaded, playback will start with the first track on the first
    CD when the CD changer is selected, and
    the following will appear on the display:

    2

    If the selected CD-tray is empty, the following will appear on the display:



  • Page 91

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    91

    After two seconds, the status of the trays in
    the magazine (i.e. loaded or empty) will be
    shown on the display, e.g.:
    VOL

    PUSH

    ON

    1

    PULL

    BAL

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    2
    SEEK

    Track search (2)
    Press << (SEEK) or (SEEK) >> repeatedly
    to move to preceding or following tracks.
    Pressing << (SEEK) once will restart playback from the beginning of the current track.
    Thus, to play the preceding track, press
    << (SEEK) twice.

    Rapid play
    When << (SEEK) or (SEEK) >> is pressed
    and held, rapid play will be initiated, with the
    time and track showing on the display, e.g.:

    If the button is depressed for more than
    5 seconds, the rapid play will be even faster.
    Rapid play stops when the button is
    released.

    BAS

    TRE

    FAD

    AS

    SEARCH

    DOLBY B NR

    RADIO
    BAND

    CD

    RDM

    3
    Fast track search
    Press SEEK (mid-segment) once to switch
    between the CD-PLAY and CD-TRACK
    modes.

    The CD-PLAY and CD-TRACK modes
    change the function of << (SEEK) and
    (SEEK) >>. The selected mode will also be
    active the next time the system is switched
    on.

    Choose the mode that you find most
    convenient:
    CD PLAY

    Pressing and holding
    << (SEEK) or >> (SEEK)
    briefly starts Rapid play

    CD TRACK

    Pressing and holding
    << (SEEK) or (SEEK) >>
    briefly starts Fast track
    search

    IB1104

    If for some reason the CD selected by the
    preset button cannot be played, playback of
    the current CD will continue.



  • Page 92

    92

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    SCAN
    Scanning the current CD:
    To start the SCAN function, which enables
    you to hear a sample of each track on the
    disc, press and hold SEEK (mid-segment).
    The display shows that SCAN is in progress
    and which track is currently being sampled.
    For instance, if you started SCAN while
    playing track one, the following display will
    appear:

    The sample playback starts 30 seconds
    after the start of the track and lasts for 8 seconds.
    When all the tracks on the disc have been
    scanned, the system will revert to playback
    of the track that was playing when SCAN
    was selected.
    Press any segment of the SEEK button
    during scanning to play the current track
    from the beginning and simultaneously
    cancel the SCAN function.

    Scanning the entire magazine:
    Press and hold SEEK (mid-segment - two
    chimes) to start a scan of the entire magazine. A message similar to the following will
    appear on the display:

    The sample playback starts 30 seconds
    after the beginning of the first track on each
    CD and lasts for 8 seconds.
    After the first track of each CD has been
    sampled, the CD changer will revert to playback of the track that was playing when
    SCAN was selected.
    Press any segment of the SEEK button
    during scanning to play the current track
    from the beginning and simultaneously
    cancel the SCAN function.

    Random playback (RDM) (3)
    Press and hold the CD/RDM button to
    select/deselect random playback of the
    CDs in the magazine. When this function is
    selected, RDM will appear at the bottom of
    the display.
    Press (SEEK) >> once to move from the
    current track to the next during random playback.
    Press << (SEEK) once to repeat the current
    track during random playback.
    Pressing and holding << (SEEK) or
    >> (SEEK) will start Rapid play.
    To stop playback from the CD changer,
    simply select once to move from the current
    track to the next during random playback
    (RADIO/TAPE/ CD). The CD changer will
    now enter stand-by mode.



  • Page 93

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    General functions
    WARNING
    These functions should only be carried
    out when the car is stationary.

    Adjusting the volume
    The default setting for START VOL is
    volume setting 9, and that for TEL VOL is
    volume setting 14 (the highest volume setting is 30).
    • Maximum START VOL

    Volume-preset mode
    To select the volume-preset mode, press
    and hold the WB button at the same time as
    you switch the Audio System on.
    Use the << SEEK >> button to select the
    desired function.
    The following volume settings can be
    preselected:
    • START VOL - maximum volume level
    when the Audio System is switched on
    • TEL VOL - preset volume level when an
    in-car phone is activated
    • SP D VOL - speed-dependent volume.
    The Audio System will automatically
    adjust the volume level to suit the background noise, such as road noise, occurring while the car is under way.
    • LOUDNESS ON/OFF - boosting of the
    highest and lowest frequency ranges to
    enhance the sound image when the
    volume is set to a low level.

    93

    To change the default setting:
    The default setting for this function is ON.
    – Press and hold the WB button at the
    same time as you switch on the Audio
    System.
    – Select SP D VOL using << SEEK >>
    – Select ON/OFF using the VOL control.
    – Wait 10 seconds or press one of the buttons on the bottom row of the Audio System, e.g. RADIO/BAND, to save the new
    default setting.

    Loudness ON/OFF
    • TEL VOL

    To change the volume setting:
    – Press and hold the WB button at the
    same time as you switch on the Audio
    System.
    – Adjust the volume
    – Wait 10 seconds or press one of the buttons on the bottom row of the Audio System, e.g. RADIO/BAND, to save the new
    volume setting.

    Speed-dependent volume
    (SP D VOL) ON/OFF

    To change the default setting:
    The default setting for this function is ON.
    – Press and hold the WB button at the
    same time as you switch on the Audio
    System.
    – Select LOUDNESS using << SEEK >>
    – Select ON/OFF using the VOL control.
    – Wait 10 seconds or press one of the buttons on the bottom row of the Audio System, e.g. RADIO/BAND, to save the new
    default setting.



  • Page 94

    94

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    Steering-wheel controls

    Security lock

    To facilitate use of the Audio System and to
    promote safer driving, most of the functions
    can be operated using the integral remote
    controls on the steering wheel.

    The Audio System is equipped with an electronic security lock. The special code is
    unique to the car in which the Audio System
    is fitted.
    Each time the Audio System is switched on,
    a check is made to ensure that the codes
    match.
    If not, the following will appear on the display:

    NXT (NEXT):
    RADIO mode: preselect buttons
    1⇒2⇒...⇒ 6⇒1⇒...
    TAPE mode: Play other side of tape.
    CD mode: Inoperative.
    CD-changer mode: Select CD in magazine
    1⇒2⇒...⇒ 6⇒1⇒...
    << SEEK >>:
    RADIO mode: Auto/manual tuning.
    TAPE mode:
    Music search/Fast forward or rewind.
    CD/CD-changer mode:
    Track search/Rapid play.

    IB385

    Control functions:

    Audio System controls on steering wheel
    SRC (source)
    Press repeatedly to switch between
    RADIO ⇒ TAPE ⇒ CD ⇒ (CD changer)
    ⇒RADIO ⇒...

    If a CD changer has been installed, it will
    also have been security coded.
    If the security code for the CD changer does
    not match when the changer is selected, the
    following will appear on the display:

    VOL +/-:
    Volume adjust.
    If a CD changer is to be retrofitted or if you
    wish to move the main Audio System
    module and/or CD changer to another car
    (Saab 9-5), you must consult an authorized
    Saab dealer so that the modules can be
    given the correct security codes.



  • Page 95

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    Technical data
    Tone controls
    Bass ______________________ ±10 dB at 100 Hz
    Treble _____________________ ±10 dB at 10,000 Hz
    Power output
    Premium __________________ 150 W
    110 W at 1% THD (total harmonic distortion) and 13.5 V
    Prestige __________________ 200 W
    150 W at 1% THD (total harmonic distortion) and 13.5 V
    Radio module
    Radio system _______________
    Number of presets:
    FM ______________________
    AM ______________________
    Frequency range:
    FM ______________________
    MW ______________________
    WB ______________________
    Tuning steps:
    Automatic seek tuning: _______

    PLL dual-synthesizer tuner
    3x6
    2x6
    87.9 – 107.9 MHz
    530 – 1710 kHz
    162.40 – 162.55 MHz

    FM 200 kHz
    AM 10 kHz
    WB 50 kHz
    Manual tuning: _____________ FM 200 kHz
    AM 10 kHz

    95

    Frequency range (FM) ________ 40-15000 Hz
    ±1 dB
    Distortion (FM) ______________ < 0.5%
    Cassette player
    Fast forward/rewind __________ < 120 seconds (C-60)
    Frequency range _____________ 40 – 16000 Hz
    ±2 dB
    Wow and flutter ______________ 0.2% WRMS
    Signal-to-noise ratio __________ 45 dB
    Dolby B/C NR effect __________ 8/16 dB
    CD player and CD changer
    1-bit system and 8 x oversampling
    Frequency range _____________ 20-20000 Hz
    ±0.5 dB
    Distortion __________________ < 0.008%
    Dynamics __________________ > 80 dB (1 kHz)
    CD-changer capacity __________ 6 discs
    • These specifications comply with the new IHF Standard
    • Since the policy at Saab is one of continual improvement, we retain the right to alter
    specifications and design without prior notice.
    • Dolby noise reduction is produced under licence from Dolby Laboratories Licensing
    Corporation
    • ”Dolby” and the double-D symbol
    are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer for compliance
    could void the user´s authority to operate the equipment.



  • Page 96

    IB387

    IB389

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    IB386

    96

    Antennas

    Multipath propagation

    Shadow effect

    The Audio System has three antennas
    incorporated in the rear window; two for FM
    diversity and one for AM.

    Multipath propagation occurs when radio
    waves from an FM transmitter are reflected
    by, e.g. large buildings, causing them to
    arrive slightly later than the direct waves.
    This can create interference to radio reception. To avoid this problem as much as possible the system is equipped with two FM
    antennas, so called FM diversity.

    Because FM radio waves travel in straight
    lines from the transmitter, a shadow effect
    can occur when tall buildings or hills
    obstruct the propagation path from the
    transmitter to the car.

    NOTE
    Refrain from placing hard or sharp
    objects on the rear parcel shelf, to avoid
    damaging the antenna leads.
    Do not use sun protective film which contains metal particles on the rear window,
    this can be the cause of radio interference.
    Fitting a car-phone antenna on the rear
    window can cause interference to radio
    reception.



  • Page 97

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    AM

    IB388

    IB390

    IB391

    FM

    97

    Sources of FM interference

    Cross-modulation

    Radio waves, FM/AM

    Interference to FM reception can be caused
    by the electrical systems in other vehicles,
    particularly if the signal from the transmitter
    is weak.

    When the radio is tuned to a weak transmitter in the vicinity of a stronger one, the car’s
    antennas will receive signals from both.
    Such interference is apparent when the
    unwanted broadcast can be heard faintly in
    the background.

    FM radio waves radiate in straight lines from
    the transmitter. Because such waves do not
    follow the curvature of the Earth, their
    strength becomes weaker the further they
    travel.
    AM waves, on the other hand, are reflected
    off the ionosphere, thus greatly extending
    their range.



  • Page 98

    98

    Saab 9-5 Audio System

    Installation of car phone
    (option)

    IB392

    Provision has been made on the Saab 9-5
    for the installation of a hands-free car
    phone.
    A car-phone mount is available as an accessory.
    Your Saab dealer has details of proper
    phone installation procedures.

    Sources of AM interference
    AM reception is prone to interference, e.g.
    from electrical systems on other vehicles,
    high-tension power lines and lightning.

    Adjusting the frequency steps North
    America/Europe
    If the car is taken from Europe to North
    America, the radio’s frequency steps can be
    adjusted.
    • Press and hold SEEK (mid-segment) and
    switch the radio on at the same time.
    The preset stations will be cancelled and
    replaced by default frequencies.

    Provision for hands-free phone
    • Car phone connects to car’s circuitry.
    • Microphone for hands-free phone use
    incorporated in overhead panel at front.
    • Audio System mute function when phone
    activated.
    • Phone conversation amplified through
    Audio System speakers.
    • TELEPHONE appears on the SID when
    phone in use.

    WARNING
    To prevent crashes while using a cell
    phone:
    • Don’t use the phone in distracting traffic situations. Turn it off if traffic is
    heavy.
    • Dial sensibly, at a stoplight or safely off
    the road.
    • Consider installing hands-free or
    speaker phone.
    • Avoid stressful and intense phone
    conversations.

    NOTE
    The A-pillar area (area beside the windshield) and the headlining of your Saab
    contain padding designed to reduce head
    injuries. No modifications to these areas
    should be made unless done by your
    authorized Saab dealer.

    • Volume level for ongoing conversation
    can be adjusted by volume controls on
    steering wheel or on Audio System
    module (see also ”Volume-preset mode”,
    page 93).
    • If the sound is distorted, adjust by means
    of the volume control on telephone set.
    • Phone battery charging when phone is in
    its cradle.
    Please refer to the instructions supplied with
    the phone for details of how to make and
    receive calls. In order to fully utilize the
    hands-free function, certain circuits must be
    available from the telephone to be installed.
    Your authorized Saab dealer has this information available.



  • Page 99

    Saab 9-5 Audio System
    Mobile phones and
    communications radios
    Mobile phones and communications radios
    that do not have a separate external
    antenna radiate an electromagnetic field
    inside the car.

    WARNING
    The electromagnetic field inside the car
    can be detrimental to health.

    NOTE
    The electromagnetic field can cause
    interference to other electrical systems in
    the car, such as the Audio System.
    Saab therefore recommends that a car
    phone/radio transmitter should always be
    connected to an external antenna.
    An external antenna also provides
    improved transmission/reception and a
    greater range.
    Mobile phones and communications radios
    that are not supplied as standard equipment
    by Saab can interfere with the car’s electrical system and cause spurious fault codes
    to be generated.

    WARNING
    Always consult an authorized Saab
    dealer for installation guidance.
    If you feel that any of the warnings or fault
    indications are unclear, have the equipment checked by an authorized Saab
    dealer.

    99

    Fault codes
    NOTE
    Great care should be exercised in trying
    to rectify a fault. If you are at all unsure,
    contact an authorized Saab dealer.
    The Audio System has a built-in diagnostics
    function. If a fault is detected, a fault code is
    generated to help dealer technicians to
    diagnose the fault. Below are the codes for
    some faults that you might be able to rectify
    yourself.
    Fault code

    Possible cause

    CD/CDC
    ERROR
    12/17/19

    CD is dirty, loaded
    wrong side up or defective.

    TAPE ERR 01

    Tape broken or
    mechanical fault in
    deck.

    TAPE ERR
    02/03

    Tape snarled up or
    mechanical fault in
    deck.

    TAPE ERR 11

    Cassette jammed: cannot be loaded/ejected.



  • Page 100

    100

    Saab 9-5 Audio System
    WARNING

    The CD player/CD changer is classified
    as Class 1 laser equipment
    • Service and repair work must only be
    carried out by authorized technicians.
    • If the casing is damaged, hazardous
    laser radiation can occur.

    NOTE
    All work on the Audio System must be
    carried out by an authorized Saab dealer.

    OnStar System (US Option only)
    Your vehicle may be equipped with OnStar,
    a vehicle telematics communications and
    navigation system. See the separate
    OnStar owner’s manual supplied in your
    vehicle’s document organizer.



  • Page 101

    Interior equipment and trunk

    101

    IB394

    Interior equipment
    and trunk
    Seats ................................
    Steering-wheel
    adjustment .....................
    Rear-view mirrors ...........
    Electric windows.............
    Sunroof ............................
    Sun visors........................
    Ashtrays...........................
    Glove compartment ........
    Cup holders .....................
    Trunk ................................
    Spare wheel and tools ....
    Fuel filler flap...................
    Opening the fuel filler flap
    in an emergency............

    102
    107
    108
    110
    111
    112
    112
    113
    115
    116
    126
    126
    126



  • Page 102

    Interior equipment and trunk

    Seats
    Both front seats are electrically operated.
    On certain models the driver´s seat is
    equipped with a memory function.
    To facilitate getting into the car, both seats
    can be adjusted when either of the front
    doors is open.
    For safety reasons, if the door is closed, the
    seat can only be adjusted when the ignition
    is ON.
    Note, however, that both seats can be
    adjusted for 30 seconds after both doors
    have been closed.

    WARNING
    The seats are actuated by powerful
    motors. Take care that to ensure that
    nothing can be trapped when adjusting
    the seat.
    Bear in mind that children can be injured
    if they play with the electrically-operated
    seats

    The following seat adjustments can be
    made to achieve a comfortable driving
    position:
    • Height.
    • Legroom.
    • Backrest rake angle.
    • Lumbar support.
    • Head-restraint height.
    We recommend that adjustments to the
    driver’s seat be performed in the following
    order:
    1 Height.
    2 Legroom.
    3 Seat tilt angle.
    4 Backrest rake angle.
    Lastly, adjust the steering wheel (see page
    107).

    WARNING
    Never adjust the driver’s seat except
    when the car is stationary.

    Side airbags
    (see page 28).

    IB401

    102

    Height
    To raise the seat, lift the lower control
    straight up.
    To lower the seat, press the lower control
    down.
    The same control can be used to adjust the
    height of the front and rear edges of the seat
    independently.



  • Page 103

    IB403

    IB402

    103

    IB1161

    Interior equipment and trunk

    Legroom adjustment

    Backrest rake angle

    Lumbar support

    To adjust the legroom, push the lower control forward or back.

    To adjust the backrest, move the upper control forward or back.

    Turn the smaller wheel for stepless adjustment of the lumbar support.

    WARNING
    The backrest should be upright during
    driving, so that the safety belt, airbag and
    backrest can provide optimum protection
    in the event of emergency braking or an
    accident.



  • Page 104

    Interior equipment and trunk

    Programmable driver’s seat (certain
    models only)
    In certain models the driver´s seat is
    equipped with a programmable memory
    function. This function also includes the
    door mirrors.
    Adjust the seat and door mirrors.
    To save the settings, press and hold the M
    button and, at the same time, press one of
    the preselect buttons (1, 2 or 3). The SID will
    sound a bell to confirm that the settings
    have been saved.

    To recall the programmed settings, press
    the appropriate preset button, whereupon
    the seat and mirrors will be adjusted automatically.
    To change the settings stored in a preset
    button, adjust the seat and mirrors as before
    and save the new settings by pressing M
    and the appropriate preset button.
    To facilitate reversing, the passenger side
    door mirror can be tilted down automatically, e.g. to show the curb. To do this,
    select reverse and press the tiny button
    adjacent to the door-mirror control. When
    you deselect reverse, the mirror will return
    to its original setting automatically (see
    page 108).

    IB400

    IB404

    104

    Head restraint
    The front seats in the Saab 9-5 are
    equipped with Saab Active Head Restraints
    (SAHRs). These reduce the risk of whiplash
    injury if the car is hit from behind.
    In the event of a rear-end collision, the body
    is forced back against the backrest. This, in
    turn, causes the mechanism to press the
    head restraint forwards and upwards, to
    maintain the head, neck and back alignment.
    The SAHR is a mechanical system, actuated by the body weight. The mechanism is
    built into the top of the backrest, where it is
    connected to the head restraint.
    Because the SAHR is mechanically operated, it does not need to be replaced after a
    collision has occurred.



  • Page 105

    Interior equipment and trunk

    105

    The head restraint can be raised or lowered
    and is adjustable in various positions.
    • Raising: grasp the head restraint on both
    sides and pull it straight up.
    • Lowering: press the catch on the left-hand
    side of the attaching point and press down
    the head restraint.

    IB460

    Adjust the head restraint so that the head
    is well supported and the center of the
    head restraint is at ear height, thus reducing the likelihood of neck injury in an accident.

    IB405

    WARNING

    Rear-seat head restraints

    Ventilated front seats (option)

    9-5 Sedan: The rear head restraints have
    three adjustment positions for passenger
    comfort.
    They can also be folded down to increase
    the driver’s rearward vision when the seat is
    unoccupied, see also page 116.

    Ventilated front seats, that enhance seating
    comfort in hot weather, are available as an
    option on cars equipped with leather-upholstered and electrically adjustable seats.
    Ventilated seats are equipped with two fans
    that extract the moist air from between the
    seat and the body.
    The fans have three speeds and are OFF
    when the switch is set to 0.

    WARNING
    The head restraint should not be folded
    down when the seat is occupied.
    9-5 Wagon: The height of the rear head
    restraints can be adjusted to provide optimum passenger comfort.



  • Page 106

    Electric heating, front seats (option)
    Both front seats have adjustable and thermostat-controlled heating of the seat cushion and backrest, available as an option.
    Heating is adjustable in three stages. In
    position 0 it is turned off.

    IB407

    Interior equipment and trunk

    IB406

    106

    Electrically heated seat cushions in
    the rear seat (option)
    Electrically heated seat cushions for the two
    outer seats in the rear are available as an
    option.
    The ON/OFF control button for the cushion
    heating is located on the back of the center
    console.
    The warming-up time varies with the temperature outside.
    The button has an integral indicator that is
    illuminated when the heating is on.



  • Page 107

    Interior equipment and trunk

    Steering-wheel
    adjustment

    107

    Horn
    The horn is sounded by pressing the central
    part of the steering wheel.

    Fore-and-aft and tilt adjustment of the steering wheel is possible.
    Push down the lever to release the locking
    mechanism. Move the steering wheel to the
    desired position and then lift the lever to lock
    it.
    Make sure that the lever is fully locked
    before driving off.

    WARNING

    IB408

    Never adjust the steering wheel unless
    the car is stationary.

    To adjust the steering wheel



  • Page 108

    108

    Interior equipment and trunk

    2

    Rear-view mirror

    Adjusting the door mirrors

    1 Day position
    2 Night position

    1 Select mirror
    2 Use touch pad to adjust mirror

    Rear-view mirrors
    The rear-view mirror has day/night positions
    that can be selected by means of a knob
    beneath the mirror. Adjust the mirror in day
    position.

    Door mirrors
    The passenger side door mirror is of the
    wide-angle ‘‘aspheric” type.
    The adjusting switch is on the driver’s door.
    If the car is equipped with a programmable
    driver’s seat, the settings of the door mirrors
    can also be stored in the preset buttons for
    the seat (see page 104).
    The mirrors are heated, and the heating
    comes on and goes off with the rear-window
    heater.

    IB428

    1

    IB1157

    2
    IB426

    1

    Door mirror folded in

    The door mirrors are designed to fold back
    if knocked. They can also be fully retracted
    for parking in tight spaces, such as on the
    car deck of a ferry. Remember to fold them
    out again before driving off.

    WARNING
    Take care not to trap your fingers
    between the door and the mirror when
    folding the mirror out again.

    NOTE
    The door mirrors must be fully retracted
    before the car enters an automatic car
    wash.



  • Page 109

    Interior equipment and trunk

    Button for angling nearside mirror down
    on reversing
    Cars equipped with a programmable
    driver’s seat also have a facility for angling
    the nearside mirror down on reversing, e.g.
    for a better view of the curb.
    After selecting reverse, press the tiny button
    adjacent to the door-mirror switch to tilt the
    mirror. The mirror will be reset automatically
    when reverse gear is deselected.

    The interior rear-view mirror has two sensors, one forward-facing and one rear-facing.
    The system is activated when the forward-facing sensor detects that it is dark
    outside.
    The rear-facing sensor detects, for example, if the car following has not dimmed its
    headlights. The rear-view mirror is then
    darkened to prevent the strong light source
    from dazzling the driver. This darkening is
    stepless.
    The mirror returns to its normal state when
    the strong light source diminishes.
    The auto dimming function can be turned
    OFF with the switch on the lower edge of the
    rear-view mirror.
    The system is turned off when reverse gear
    is engaged or selected.
    Towing a trailer can cause the system to
    malfunction, as the rear-facing sensor may
    then be directed at the trailer.

    3

    2
    1
    1 Forward-facing sensor
    2 ON/OFF switch, auto dimming function
    3 Rear-facing sensor

    IB1284

    IB568

    Rear-view mirror with auto dimming
    function (option)

    109



  • Page 110

    Interior equipment and trunk

    1 Window switches
    2 Switch for rendering rear-door window switches inoperative

    Electric windows
    WARNING
    Be alert to danger of fingers being
    trapped when closing a window.
    Always remove the ignition key when
    leaving the car to avert the danger of
    injury arising from unattended children
    operating the windows.
    The electric motors of the front windows are
    equipped with overload protection (integrated thermal protection). This protection
    operates when the windows are wound
    down automatically (switch pressed fully
    down).

    To open:
    Front windows: press the front of the switch
    Rear windows: Press the back of the switch.
    The switches for the front windows have a
    third position for automatic opening of the
    window. Press the switch right down to
    lower the window completely.
    To cancel automatic lowering of the window, lift the switch briefly.
    To close:
    Front windows: Lift the front of the switch.
    Rear windows: Lift the back of the switch.
    The actuating motor will be switched off
    automatically when the window is fully
    closed or when the switch is released.

    IB445

    IB429

    110

    Switch for rear side window

    Child safety: rear windows (ON/OFF)
    The window switches on the rear doors can
    be rendered inoperative by the ON/OFF
    switch in the panel on the center console.
    When the switch is ON, the rear side windows can be operated by the switch on each
    rear door.
    When the switch is OFF, the rear side windows can only be operated from the panel
    on the center console.



  • Page 111

    Interior equipment and trunk

    111

    Sunroof
    (Option)
    WARNING

    1

    Always remove the ignition key when
    leaving the car, to avert the danger of
    injury arising from unattended children
    operating the sunroof.
    The sunroof is operated by the switch on the
    overhead panel above the rearview mirror.
    The sunroof can be opened partially or fully.

    To open:
    • Slide the control towards the rear to open
    the sunroof to the comfort position.
    To open it fully, slide the control back a
    second time. Press the control to stop it
    earlier.

    2

    3
    IB430

    Be alert to danger of fingers being
    trapped when operating the sunroof.

    Sunroof control
    1 To open
    2 To close
    3 Ventilation position

    To close:
    • Slide the control forwards until the sunroof is closed.

    Ventilation position
    • Press the middle of the control (when sunroof closed).
    • To close: slide the control forwards.
    To fully open the sunroof from the ventilation position, slide the control back.
    The sunroof incorporates an interior, manual, sliding sun blind.

    After the car has been waxed, the sunroof
    may squeak or squeal on opening to the
    ventilation position. If this should occur, fully
    open the sunroof and, using washer fluid,
    wash the seal along the front edge, together
    with the paintwork that is in contact with the
    seal when the roof is closed.



  • Page 112

    112

    Interior equipment and trunk

    Manual operation of sunroof

    Sun visor with vanity mirror

    2

    IB1285

    IB431

    IB1180

    1

    Front ashtray
    1 Press soft to open/close
    2 Pull out one side at an angle

    Emergency operation of sunroof
    In an emergency (e.g. if there is an electrical
    failure) the sunroof can be operated by a
    screwdriver. Remove the cover at the front
    of the sunroof opening, insert a screwdriver
    in the groove, and rotate.
    Rotate counterclockwise to close sunroof.

    Sun visors
    The car is equipped with double sun visors.
    One section of the visor can be independently pivoted to the side window.
    A vanity mirror is provided on the back of the
    sun visors. The vanity mirrors are illuminated when the cover is raised.

    Ashtrays
    (Option)
    The car is equipped with three ashtrays: one
    in the instrument panel fascia, and one in
    each rear door. A cigarette lighter is fitted
    adjacent to the front ashtray, and there is
    also one in the back of the center console.
    Front ashtray
    1 To open the ashtray, push gently on the
    center/upper part of the front and
    release to allow it to spring out.
    2 Close the ashtray in the same way.
    To remove the ashtray, open it and after that
    pull left side out at an angle.



  • Page 113

    Interior equipment and trunk

    113

    Glove compartment
    1

    WARNING

    Rear ashtray
    To refit, line up the slots on either side and
    slide it closed.
    Rear ashtrays
    Open the lid to use ashtray.
    To remove the ashtray, fully open the lid and
    lift the ashtray straight out.
    To refit the ashtray, make sure it engages
    the two square recesses in the door trim.
    The cigarette lighter sockets can also be
    used for accessories (e.g. to charge a
    mobile phone) when the ignition is ON.

    The glove compartment can be cooled by
    the air conditioning (ACC) system. Cold air
    can be directed to the glove compartment
    for keeping drinks chilled, etc.
    Slide the cover towards you to admit cold
    air.
    Additional storage facilities are provided
    (see next page).

    2
    IB1115

    IB434

    Keep the glove compartment closed
    when not in use. The lid could cause
    injury in the event of an accident.

    Glove compartment
    1 To lock
    2 To unlock

    Sliding cover in glove compartment to
    admit cold air

    WARNING

    IB1286

    The maximum combined load for the two
    cigarette lighter sockets is 240 W (20 A).



  • Page 114

    On the back of the front seats

    Console between front seats

    At bottom of door pillars adjacent to
    front-seat backrests

    Center armrest for rear seat

    IB440

    On leading edge of front seats

    IB439

    In the doors

    IB441

    IB437

    IB438

    Interior equipment and trunk

    IB436

    114



  • Page 115

    Interior equipment and trunk

    115

    1

    Cup holder in fascia

    Cup holder in center console

    1 Press symbol to open
    2 Lift bottom to close

    Cup holders
    Cup holders are provided in the instrument
    panel fascia, in the center console compartment between the front seats, and in the
    rear-seat armrest.
    To access the cup holder in the instrument
    panel, press the symbol and release.
    To access the cup holder in the rear-seat
    armrest, lower the armrest and press the
    front edge of the holder. Close in the same
    way.
    The number of cup holders provided may
    vary between models.

    IB444

    IB443

    IB1153

    2

    WARNING
    • The cup holder should not be used to
    hold cups made of china, glass or hard
    plastic as these can cause injury in the
    event of an accident.
    • Use only for paper cups or aluminium
    cans.
    • Avoid spillage, particularly of hot
    drinks

    Cup holder in rear armrest
    Press the edge to open/close.



  • Page 116

    Interior equipment and trunk

    Trunk
    Folding the rear seat, 9-5 Sedan
    The rear seat is split and the two sections can be folded independently. Folding down of the rear seat is easier if the front seats are
    not all the way back, and the rear head restraints are folded down.
    1 Lift the seat cushion by pulling the loop located between the
    cushion and the backrest.
    2 Tip the seat cushion forward.
    3 Press the button adjacent to the respective backrest to release it.
    4 Fold down the backrest.

    1

    2

    3
    4

    IB459

    116

    WARNING
    • Rear-seat passengers should always ensure that the head
    restraint is raised and in proper position.

    Outer safety belt hooked onto courtesy handle

    IB461

    • Keep hands well clear of all moving parts.
    • Never place heavy objects on the rear window shelf. There is
    always a danger of loose objects flying about and causing
    injury if the car should brake suddenly or be involved in an
    accident.
    • Before folding up the backrest, hang the outer safety belts
    onto the hook on the respective courtesy handle to prevent
    them from becoming trapped.
    • Check that the back rest release button (3) is flush with the
    surround before entering the rear seat.



  • Page 117

    Interior equipment and trunk

    117

    • Place heavy items closest to the backrest and stow smaller
    and lighter items on top.
    • Secure heavy and bulky items using the four tie down points
    provided in the trunk. This will avert the danger of luggage
    flying around if the car should brake suddenly or be involved
    in an accident (see page 118).
    • When the backrest is folded down or the trunk pass-through
    hatch is open, even small items can be thrown around inside
    the car. It is therefore advisable to secure these as well.
    • Do not exceed the load capacity of the car, as this will alter its
    handling characteristics (see page 226).
    • Make sure that the seat cushions and backrests are properly
    secured when folding them back to their normal position.
    Check that the button (item 3 on page 116) is flush with the
    surround before entering the back seat.

    IB462

    WARNING



  • Page 118

    118

    Interior equipment and trunk

    Trunk pass-through hatch

    1 Fold down the armrest.
    2 Raise the hatch by lifting the handle.
    Before loading or unloading long items, switch off the engine and
    apply the handbrake. This averts the danger of the car moving off
    suddenly if a long item were to knock the gear or selector lever into
    gear.

    IB463

    A trunk pass-through hatch is incorporated in the rear-seat backrest
    to enable long, narrow items to be carried inside the car.
    Items should not weigh more than 33 lbs. (15 kg) nor be more than
    2 yards (2 metres) in length. See the label on the hatch.

    WARNING
    • Anchor the load securely (e.g. using middle safety belt) to
    avoid danger of injury resulting from displacement of load on
    hard braking.
    • Do not exceed the load capacity of the car, as this will alter its
    handling characteristics (see page 226).

    Tie Downs

    IB464

    Four tie downs for securing the load are fitted inside the trunk. Place
    the load as far in as possible.



  • Page 119

    Interior equipment and trunk

    119

    IB1211

    IB1212

    Safety belt located
    in its belt clip

    Folding the rear seat, 9-5 Wagon
    Both the narrow and wide sections of the rear seat can be folded
    separately. Folding is facilitated if the front seats are not located too
    far back. The wide section cannot be folded separately if a cargo net
    is mounted on the rear of the backrest.
    1 Make sure that the head restraint is in the down position.
    2 Put the safety belts for the outer seat places in their respective
    belt clips, which are located near the backrest (see illustration).
    3 Lift the seat cushion by pulling the loop located between the
    cushion and the backrest.
    4 Fold the narrow section (right) of the backrest forward by raising
    the opening handle on the right-hand side.
    5 Fold the wide section of the backrest forward in the
    corresponding manner.
    6 Adjust the front seats for optimal driving/passenger comfort.

    NOTE
    The safety belts for the outer seating positions should be put in
    their respective belt clips near the backrest to prevent them being
    pinched when the rear seat is raised to the upright position.
    Alternative location of the parcel shelf if this is removed:
    • Folded up on the floor at the rear of the luggage compartment.
    • On edge behind the backrests of the front seats.



  • Page 120

    120

    Interior equipment and trunk
    WARNING

    • Do not travel in the back seat without ensuring that the head
    restraint is set at a suitable height.
    • Never allow anyone to sit on a folded backrest.

    • Check that the safety belt lock is not trapped under the seat
    cushions when these are raised back up.
    • If the car is equipped with a pull-out cargo net on the rear of the
    backrest, take extra care when folding the rear seat so that no
    one is injured by the net’s storage cassette on the right-hand
    side.

    IB1213

    • Always be aware of the risk of pinching when handling moving
    parts of the seating.
    • Never place heavy objects on the parcel shelf. There is always
    a danger of loose objects flying about and causing injury if the
    car should brake suddenly or be involved in an accident.
    • Make sure that the backrests are locked when they are folded
    back upright. Check that the two red warning-indication flags
    are fully down. This indicates that the backrests are locked.

    Folding the narrow section of the backrest
    The folding is facilitated if the front seat is not too far back.
    1 Make sure that the head restraint is in the down position.
    2 Put the safety belt in the belt clip near the backrest.
    3 Lift the seat cushion by pulling the loop located between the
    cushion and the backrest.
    4 Fold the narrow section (right) of the backrest forward by raising
    the opening handle.
    5 Adjust the front seat for optimal passenger comfort.

    NOTE
    The safety belts for the outer seating positions should be put in
    their respective belt clips near the back rest to prevent them being
    pinched when the rear seat is raised to the upright position, see
    illustration page 119.



  • Page 121

    Interior equipment and trunk
    Load anchoring
    WARNING
    • Put heavy loads as low down and as
    far forward as possible in the luggage
    compartment, i.e. against the back of
    the rear seat.
    • Never stack cargo so high that any part
    of the cargo lies above the edge of the
    backrest, if a cargo guard (accessory)
    is not being used.
    • Always tie down the cargo so that it
    cannot be thrown forward during
    heavy braking or in the event of a
    collision.
    • Unsecured and heavy cargo can
    increase the risk of injury during hard
    braking, sudden avoidance maneuvers and in the event of a collision.
    • For the best load anchoring, use the
    special cargo bolt and load straps
    (accessory).
    • Load the cargo bolts evenly. Never
    attach more than one strap to each tie
    down eye.
    • Provide protection on sharp edges to
    prevent damage to the load straps.

    • Never use the elastic floor net and
    elastic side net when the rear seat is
    folded down. These nets are only
    intended to keep light objects tidy, not
    for the anchoring of loads.
    • If possible, avoid having the rear seat
    folded down when driving with a heavy
    load because the anchoring possibilities are restricted when the rear seat is
    in this position. That the rear seat is in
    the upright position is a basic requirement for protection against cargo displacement in the event of a collision.
    • Cargo can intrude into the passenger
    compartment during a sudden stop or
    front crash if the outer safety belts are
    not fastened. Check that the two red
    warning-indication flags are fully
    down. This shows that the backrests
    are locked.

    121

    WARNING
    • The driving characteristics of the car
    can be affected because the center of
    gravity is altered when there is a cargo
    in the luggage compartment. Therefore match the speed and driving style
    according to how the car is loaded.
    • An object weighing 55 lbs. (25 kg) corresponds to a weight of 2200 lbs.
    (1000 kg) in a head on collision at
    32 mph (50 km/h).
    • Adjust the car’s load (passengers and
    luggage) so that the gross vehicle
    weight or the axle weight is not
    exceeded, see page 226.



  • Page 122

    Interior equipment and trunk

    Cargo bolts mounted on the longitudinal
    rails
    On the floor of the luggage compartment
    there are two longitudinal aluminium rails
    (CargoTracks™) where special cargo bolts
    can be mounted.
    The protective strip on the CargoTracks™ is
    removed by lifting its back edge and pulling
    it straight upwards. Replace the strip by
    pressing it down on the CargoTracks™.
    When the cargo bolts are not being used the
    protective strip should be in place.
    The cargo bolts are mounted by lifting their
    locks and inserting them into the rail. Each
    cargo bolt is moved in the following way: pull
    up its lock and at the same time move it forwards or backwards to the desired position.

    Example of cargo anchoring
    Items for load anchoring:
    • Cargo bolts (standard).
    • Special load straps (accessory).
    Items to keep light objects tidy:
    • Elastic floor cargo net (accessory).
    • Elastic side cargo net for the right-hand
    side of the luggage compartment (accessory).
    The elastic nets may only be used to keep
    light objects tidy, not for anchoring.
    The floor net should be attached to the
    cargo bolts that are mounted on the CargoTracks™. Place the tie down eyes as far
    forward and as far back as possible on the
    CargoTracks™.

    IB1215

    IB1216

    IB1214

    122

    Elastic cargo net for lighter objects.
    The side netting should be attached to the
    two tie down eyes which are included in the
    accessory kit and to two of the eyes
    mounted on the right-hand CargoTrack™
    on the floor.
    The cargo bolts, load straps and elastic nets
    are stored in the two floor lockers on the
    right- and left-hand side of the luggage compartment. The lockers are opened by lifting
    the respective fabric loop.

    NOTE
    Do not place any objects so that the
    demisting and antenna elements on the
    inside of the window could be damaged.



  • Page 123

    Interior equipment and trunk

    123

    Cargo net (accessory)

    WARNING
    • The cargo in the luggage compartment must be anchored properly,
    even if the cargo net is correctly in
    position. The only purpose of the net is
    to prevent objects from being thrown
    about in the cabin during heavy braking or in the event of a collision.

    IB1217

    1 Remove the covers near the two rear
    fixing points in the roof. Carefully bend in
    the lower edge of the cover with a screwdriver.
    2 Pull the cargo net out directly backwards.
    3 Snap the net’s two fasteners into the two
    fixing points on the roof.
    4 Make sure that the hooks on the net’s
    own storage cassette fit against the net
    mesh.

    IB1218

    The pull-out cargo net’s storage cassette is
    mounted on the rear of the backrest.

    Cover over the fixing point for the cargo
    net

    Attaching the cargo net to the roof

    The pull-out cargo net can also be used
    when the whole rear seat is folded. There
    are two front attachment points in the roof
    for this purpose.

    Hooks on the net’s storage cassette

    IB1219

    • Take extra care when tipping the wide
    section of the rear seat forwards if the
    car has a pull-out cargo net on the rear
    of the backrest. Make sure that no one
    is injured by the cargo net’s storage
    cassette on the right-hand side where
    the backrest is already folded.



  • Page 124

    124

    Interior equipment and trunk

    Sliding floor (accessory)
    WARNING
    To avoid personal injury take note of the
    following:
    • Do not leave children unsupervised
    when the sliding floor is drawn out.

    • Never drive the car with the sliding
    floor pulled out.
    • Always use the car’s regular cargo
    anchoring when transporting a cargo.
    • Provide protection on sharp edges to
    prevent damage to the anchoring
    straps.
    • The sliding floor must not be changed
    or modified in any way.
    • Put the sliding floor in the folded- down
    position when it is not in use.

    IB1220

    • Be aware of the risk of pinching when
    handling the sliding floor.

    Setting up the sliding floor
    The function of the sliding floor is to facilitate
    loading and unloading.
    Securing loads, see page 118.
    When the car is parked and the floor is
    pulled out, it can bear the weight of two
    people (maximum 440 lbs./200 kg).
    The maximum load that can be anchored by
    anchorage straps and cargo bolts is
    170 lbs./80 kg.

    Setting up
    1 Lift up the floor.
    2 Fold out the support wheels.
    3 Set the floor down on the support
    wheels.



  • Page 125

    IB1221

    IB1222

    Interior equipment and trunk

    Loading
    Loading/Unloading
    1 Lift the handle and pull out the sliding
    floor to the outer locking position. Make
    sure that the floor is locked correctly.
    2 Put on the cargo, but make sure that it
    does not cover the handle.
    3 Lift the handle and push in the floor to
    the inner locking position. Make sure
    that the floor is locked correctly.
    4 Tie down the load with Saab’s load
    straps according to the instructions, see
    page 121.

    Folding down the sliding floor
    When the floor is not in use
    1 Lift up the floor.
    2 Fold down the support wheels.
    3 Lay down the sliding floor and make sure
    that it is locked in its lower position.

    125



  • Page 126

    Stowage of spare wheel and tools under
    trunk floor

    IB466

    Button for releasing filler flap

    Spare wheel and tools

    Fuel filler flap

    The spare wheel, together with the jack and
    jack handle, front towrope attachment eye
    and toolkit, are stowed away underneath
    the trunk.

    The fuel filler flap is opened by means of a
    button on the driver’s door. The flap is
    spring-loaded, so it opens slightly automatically when released.
    Refueling, see page 134.

    WARNING
    Stow all tools carefully away after use, so
    that they cannot get loose and cause
    injury in the event of an accident.
    Driving considerations with compact spare
    wheel/tire fitted, see page 154.

    IB467

    Interior equipment and trunk

    IB465

    126

    To open fuel filler flap in an emergency
    9-5 Sedan

    Opening the fuel filler
    flap in an emergency
    If the fuel filler flap fails to open after the
    button on the driver’s door has been
    pressed, it can be opened manually from
    inside the trunk.
    9-5 Sedan:
    Start by checking fuse 25 (see page 194).
    A thin cable on the right-hand side in the
    trunk is connected to the catch for the filler
    flap. To open the flap, pull the yellow plastic
    arrow on the end of the cable.



  • Page 127

    IB1231

    Interior equipment and trunk

    To open filler flap in an emergency,
    9-5 Wagon
    9-5 Wagon:
    Start by checking fuse 25 (see page 194).
    On the right-hand side of the luggage compartment, in the storage locker, is a thin wire
    that is tied to the locking arm of the filler flap.
    To open the flap pull the yellow plastic arrow
    attached to the end of the wire.

    127



  • Page 128

    128

    Interior equipment and trunk



  • Page 129

    Starting and driving

    129

    IB597

    Starting and driving

    Ignition switch .................
    Starting the engine ..........
    Important considerations
    for driving .......................
    Refueling ..........................
    Engine Break-In Period ...
    Gear changing .................
    Cruise control ..................
    Braking .............................
    Traction Control System.
    Economical motoring......
    Driving in winter ..............

    130
    131
    132
    134
    137
    137
    145
    146
    147
    149
    150

    Driving in hot weather ....
    Towing a trailer................
    Driving considerations
    with compact spare
    wheel/tire fitted ..............
    Driving with the trunk
    lid/tailgate open .............
    Driving with a roof rack
    load .................................
    Driving with a load ..........
    Towing the car .................
    Jump starting ..................

    151
    152

    154
    154
    155
    157
    158
    160

    Parking brake ...................
    Parking..............................

    162
    162



  • Page 130

    130

    Starting and driving
    LOCK position
    ST

    LOC
    K

    OFF O
    N

    OFF position

    IB1120

    ST

    LOC
    K

    OFF O
    N

    Ignition switch
    LOC
    K

    All electrical circuits working. Do not leave the key in the ON position
    when the engine is not running. Turn the key to OFF to switch off the
    electrical circuits. In the ON position certain warning and indicator lights
    come on as a check, and they normally are extinguished after about
    3 seconds.

    ST (starter) position

    O

    N
    ST

    LOC
    K

    OFF

    Gear lever no longer locked.
    Certain electrical circuits operational

    ON position

    OFF O
    N
    ST

    The combined ignition switch and
    gear-lever lock is located in the center console between the front seats. The ignition
    key can only be removed when reverse is
    engaged (automatic transmission: selector
    in ”P” position).
    The key fits all the locks on the car. The key
    number is specified on the small plastic
    strap that comes with the keys when the car
    is delivered. Keep a note of the key number
    in a safe place, as you will need to quote it if
    ordering a replacement key.
    See also page 32.

    Engage reverse and turn the key to LOCK.
    Automatic transmission: select ”P”.
    The gear lever is locked. This is the only position in which the key can be
    removed.
    The parking lights, hazard warning lights and interior lighting all work.

    The starter operates when the key is turned to this position. When
    released, the key will spring back to the ON position. If the engine fails to
    start, the key must first be turned back to the position between OFF and
    LOCK before the starter can be operated again.
    When the starter motor is running, several electrical circuits are
    disconnected to facilitate starting.



  • Page 131

    Starting and driving

    Starting the engine
    NOTE
    Take care not to spill drinks or to drop
    crumbs over the ignition switch. If dirt or
    liquid gets into it, the switch may not
    operate properly.

    WARNING
    • Always remove the key before leaving
    the car.
    • Always apply the parking brake before
    removing the ignition key.

    If the car does not start
    If the text “KEY NOT ACCEPTED” is shown
    on the SID, after a failed start attempt, the
    cause could be a fault in the transmitter in
    the key, or in the receiver in the ignition lock.
    The following should be done:
    • Turn the key back to the LOCK position.
    • Turn the key to ON.
    • Press one of the buttons on the remote
    control (the LED stops blinking).
    • Start the engine.
    Try another key. If this works, then the fault
    is in the first key.
    Contact an authorized Saab dealer for
    checking and rectification.

    WARNING
    • Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless,
    odorless, poisonous gas. Be alert to
    the danger of CO – always open the
    garage doors before starting the
    engine in the garage.
    • There is also a danger of CO poisoning if the exhaust system is leaking.
    Do not run the starter motor for more than
    25 seconds at a time. Wait 20-30 seconds
    before running the starter again, to give the
    battery time to recover.
    Avoid racing the engine or putting a heavy
    load on it before it has warmed up. Drive
    away as soon as the oil warning light has
    been extinguished to enable the engine to
    attain its normal temperature as quickly as
    possible.
    It is possible for air to enter the lubricating
    system in conjunction with an oil or oil-filter
    change, or if the car has been stored for
    some time. This air can cause the hydraulic
    cam followers to emit a ticking noise, which
    can persist for up to 15 minutes after starting. Although this is quite normal and does
    not indicate any malfunction, it is advisable
    not to exceed 3,000 rpm before the noise
    has disappeared.
    The hydraulic cam lifters are completely
    service free; the valve clearance is set up at

    131

    the factory and will not need any subsequent adjustment.

    Starting the engine
    The engine has an automatic choke and
    should be started as follows:
    Cars with manual gearbox
    To start the engine the clutch pedal must
    be fully depressed.
    1 Depress the clutch pedal fully but do not
    touch the accelerator.
    2 Start the engine. Let the ignition key
    spring back as soon as the engine has
    started and is running smoothly – at very
    low temperatures, you may need to run
    the starter for up to 25 seconds.
    Let the engine idle for about 10 seconds. Do
    not open the throttle wide for at least
    2-3 minutes after starting.
    Cars with automatic transmission
    1 The selector lever must be in the P or N
    position.
    2 Keep your foot on the brake pedal.
    3 Start the engine. Let the ignition key
    spring back as soon as the engine has
    started and is running smoothly – at very
    low temperatures, you may need to run
    the starter for up to 25 seconds.
    Let the engine idle for about 10 seconds. Do
    not open the throttle wide for at least
    2–3 minutes after starting.



  • Page 132

    132

    Starting and driving

    Useful tips on cold climate starting

    Limp-home mode

    If the engine has failed to start after several
    attempts in very cold weather, press and
    hold the accelerator down to the floor and
    run the starter for 5–10 seconds. This will
    prevent the engine being flooded (excessively rich fuel-air mixture).
    Now start the engine in the normal way – do
    not touch the accelerator.
    If the engine stalls immediately after starting
    (e.g. if the clutch was released too quickly),
    do not touch the accelerator when restarting
    the engine.

    The car’s engine-management system
    includes a diagnostic function that checks
    numerous internal functions after the
    engine has been shut off. If a fault is
    detected in the throttle system, the
    engine-management system puts the throttle system into the limp-home mode. This
    limits idling control, disables the cruise-control system and limits the capacity of the A/C
    compressor.
    If the limp-home mode is in operation
    (“Engine malfunction” light on, see below)
    and the outside temperature is close to or
    below freezing, you may need to use some
    throttle on starting (some pressure on the
    accelerator).
    If the diagnostic system has detected a fault
    in the engine-management system, the
    “Engine malfunction” light
    on the main
    instrument panel will come on (see page
    49), indicating that you should have the car
    checked as soon as possible by an authorized Saab dealer.

    Important
    considerations for
    driving
    The engine-management system in the
    Saab 9-5 is called Saab Trionic T7. The
    system manages the ignition, fuel injection
    and turbo boost pressure.
    The Trionic T7 system developed by Saab
    is an intelligent engine-management
    system designed to achieve optimum drivability under differing driving conditions.
    The system makes adjustments automatically, for instance, if the car is being driven
    at altitude (oxygen-deficient air), for different grades of fuel (AON 87–93) and for different load conditions.
    1 Starting and driving
    • Refrain from using full throttle before
    the engine has warmed up (before
    needle in mid-range on temperature
    gauge).
    • A safety function prevents the engine
    from revving faster than 6,000 rpm by
    limiting the induction air.
    2 Stopping the engine
    • Do not rev the engine immediately
    before switching it off - stop the engine
    when it is idling.
    3 Regulating the boost pressure
    • The system is optimized for fuel with an
    octane rating of AON 90. One of the



  • Page 133

    Starting and driving

    • The maximum boost pressure is
    adjusted automatically to the knocking
    or pinging tendency of the engine.
    Occasional, short-lived knocking when
    the engine is under a heavy load is perfectly normal; the extent will depend on
    the grade of fuel in the tank.
    • Isolated instances of knocking are
    more likely to occur with low-octane
    fuel. This controlled form of knocking,
    followed by a reduction in the boost
    pressure, is a sign that the wastegate is
    functioning and is perfectly safe for the
    engine.

    NOTE
    If constant knocking occurs every time a
    load is put on the engine, this indicates a
    malfunction in the system.
    Have the car checked without delay by an
    authorized Saab dealer.

    WARNING

    1

    If the engine is being run with the car on a
    rolling road or dynamometer, to ensure
    adequate cooling, air must be blown into
    the engine compartment and under the
    car at a rate equivalent to the ram-air
    effect that would be obtained at the corresponding road speed.

    2

    3

    IB661

    advantages of the system is that it
    enables the engine to be run safely on
    lower-grade fuel, although not lower
    than AON 87.

    133

    Oxygen-sensor-controlled
    injection system
    1 Engine control module
    2 Oxygen sensor (lambda probe)
    3 Catalytic converter

    Important considerations with catalytic converters
    NOTE
    Use only unleaded gasoline. Leaded gasoline is detrimental to the catalyst and
    oxygen sensor and will seriously impair
    the function of the catalytic converter.
    The catalytic converter is an emission-control device incorporated in the car’s exhaust
    system. It consists of a metal canister with a
    honeycomb insert, the cells of which have
    walls coated in a catalytic layer (mixture of
    precious metals).



  • Page 134

    134

    Starting and driving

    To ensure that the catalytic converter continues to function properly, and also to avoid
    damage to the converter and its associated
    components, the following points must be
    observed:
    • Have the car serviced regularly in accordance with the service program. The fuel
    and ignition systems are particularly
    important in this context.
    • Always be alert to any misfiring of the
    engine (not running on all cylinders) and
    any loss of power or performance. At the
    first sign of a malfunction, reduce speed
    and take the car to an authorized Saab
    dealer as soon as possible.
    • If the engine fails to start (in very cold
    weather or if the battery is flat), the car can
    be jump started (manual gearbox only) or
    started using jump leads to a donor battery. However, as soon as you have
    started the engine, it is important that it
    runs on all cylinders. If it is misfiring, allow
    it to idle for up to five minutes to give it time
    to settle and run smoothly. If, after this
    time, the engine still fails to run properly,
    turn off the engine and get in touch with an
    authorized Saab dealer for advice.

    • Never park the car on dry grass or other
    combustible material. The catalytic converter gets very hot and could therefore
    start a fire.
    • Never drive off if the engine is misfiring.
    • If you jump start the car when the engine
    is already up to normal temperature, the
    engine must start to run on all cylinders.
    Stop jump-starting if the engine fails to
    start immediately.

    NOTE
    If the car runs out of fuel, it is possible for
    air to get into the fuel system. If this
    happens, the catalytic converter may
    overheat and be damaged.
    Failure to follow these directions could
    result in the catalytic converter and associated components being damaged, and
    could represent a breach of the warranty
    conditions.
    V6 engine: When starting the engine from
    cold an electrical pump is activated. This
    pump pumps air into the exhaust system so
    that the catalytic converter will reach its
    normal operating temperature more rapidly.
    The pump is active for 30-60 seconds.

    Refueling
    Always use the correct grade of fuel:
    unleaded AON 87-93.
    Saab recommends:
    • AON 90 for 4-cylinder engines
    • AON 93 for V6-engines and 2.3 Aero,
    (see page 228).
    If fuel containing a mixture of alcohol is
    used, the following restrictions apply:
    Methanol: max. 5% by volume.
    Ethanol: max. 10% by volume.
    MTBE: max. 15% by volume.
    The fuel filler cap is located in the right rear
    quarter panel.
    Switch off engine.
    Open fuel door
    Insert the fuel-pump nozzle beyond the
    flange on the filler pipe. Do not withdraw the
    nozzle while filling is in progress.
    Cease refuelling the first time the pump
    stops.

    NOTE
    Do not overfill. Fuel should not come right
    up the filler pipe as expansion room is
    needed.
    Fuel-tank capacity: 18.5 US gal. (70 liters)
    Screw on the filler cap and keep turning until
    it has clicked at least three times.
    The most effective way to prevent condensation forming in the tank (and thus avoid



  • Page 135

    Starting and driving
    Recommended fuel:
    The engine in your Saab 9-5 is designed to
    operate on unleaded gasoline that has an
    octane rating of 87 or higher. Octane rating
    is determined according to the formula:
    MON + RON

    IB470

    2

    possible running problems) is to keep the
    tank well filled.
    Before the onset of freezing temperatures in
    winter, it may be advisable to add gasoline
    anti-freeze to the fuel a few times to dispel
    any condensation in the system.

    WARNING
    • Never use fuel for any purpose other
    than as engine fuel.
    • Fuel is highly flammable and can
    cause severe burns. Never use an
    open flame in the vicinity of gasoline
    and do not smoke when refuelling.
    Opening the fuel filler flap in an emergency,
    see page 126.

    where MON is the Motor Octane Number,
    and RON is the Research Octane Number.
    The average of these two values is the
    octane rating of the gasoline as it appears
    on the pump at a retail gas station. This
    value is sometimes referred to as the
    "Anti-Knock Index" (AKI) or the "Average
    Octane Number" (AON).

    135

    To avoid deposit formation on the fuel injectors which can cause poor driveability, use
    only quality gasolines that contain detergents and corrosion inhibitors. Because
    gasolines sold at retail gas stations vary in
    their composition and quality, you should
    switch to a different brand if you begin experiencing driveability and/or hard starting
    problems shortly after refueling your car. In
    recent years, a variety of fuel additives and
    alcohols or oxygenates have been blended
    with gasoline. These types of gasolines may
    be found in all parts of the United States and
    Canada, but particularly in geographic
    areas and cities that have high carbon monoxide levels. Saab approves the use of such
    "reformulated" gasolines in its products,
    which help in reducing pollution from all
    motor vehicles, provided that the following
    blending percentages are met by such
    fuels:
    • Up to 10% ethanol by volume, with corrosion inhibitors.
    • Up to 15% MTBE by volume (methyl tertiary butyl ether).
    • Up to 5% methanol by volume, with an
    equal amount of a suitable co-solvent and
    added corrosion inhibitors.
    Other, less common, fuel additives used by
    some gasoline dealers are also acceptable,
    provided that the resultant gasoline is not
    more than 2.7% oxygen by weight.
    Some Canadian and U.S. gasolines contain
    an octane enhancing additive called methlycyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl



  • Page 136

    136

    Starting and driving

    (MMT). If such fuel is used, your emission
    control system performance may deteriorate and the malfunction indicator lamp on
    your instrument panel may turn on. If this
    occurs, return to your authorized Saab
    dealer for service.
    However, these blended gasolines are regulated and should never exceed these recommended blend percentages and service
    station operators should know if their gasolines contain detergents and oxygenates,
    and have been reformulated to reduce vehicle emissions. Nevertheless, if you begin to
    notice a problem with the way your car starts
    or runs shortly after it has been refueled, try
    a different brand of gasoline.

    NOTE

    NOTE

    Higher concentrations of methanol than
    listed above, or the use of methanolblended gasoline without suitable
    co-solvents and corrosion inhibitors,
    can damage your car’s fuel system,
    leading to the need for repairs which are
    not covered by Saab’s product warranty.

    The engine control module (ECM) monitoring the engine parameters also
    stores fault codes.
    Under certain circumstances, this may
    cause constant illumination of the
    “Engine malfunction” lamp
    , thus
    indicating a fault that must be checked
    by your Saab dealer.

    Fuel
    Use the correct type of fuel. The fuel filler
    cap is located in the right rear fender. Do not
    lift the nozzle while filling is in progress.

    WARNING
    Gasoline is highly flammable and can
    cause severe burns. Never use an
    exposed flame in the vicinity of gasoline.
    Never smoke when filling the vehicle up
    with gasoline.

    NOTE: always observe the following two
    measures:
    • Make sure that the fuel filler cap is
    screwed on correctly before the
    engine is started. Screw on the fuel
    filler cap until you hear 3 distinct
    clicks.
    • Avoid driving with the fuel low level
    indicator illuminated. The symbol
    illuminates when less than approximately 2 gallons (8 litres) of fuel
    remains in the tank.



  • Page 137

    Starting and driving

    Gear changing

    Pistons, bores and bearings need time to
    obtain uniform, wear-resistant surfaces.
    If a new engine is driven too hard, this gradual process of bedding-in will not be possible and the life of the engine will be shortened.
    During the first 1,200 miles (2,000 km), do
    not exceed 5,000 rpm.
    In addition, refrain from driving the car at full
    throttle, other than for brief instances,
    during the first 1,800 miles (3,000 km).

    Manual gearbox

    Wearing in new brake pads
    New brake pads take time to bed in, about
    90 miles (150 km) if the car is driven largely
    under stop-and-go conditions or about
    300 miles (500 km) of highway driving.
    To extend the useful life of the pads, avoid
    hard braking as much as possible during
    this period.

    Brake-pad wear indicators
    The outer brake pads on the front wheels
    have acoustic wear-indicators. When 3 mm
    remains on the pad, a scraping or screeching noise is heard during braking. The brake
    pads should be changed as soon as possible.
    Brake pads should only be replaced by
    an authorized Saab dealer.

    To start the engine the clutch pedal must
    be fully depressed.
    The gear positions are marked on the gear
    lever. Before reverse (R) can be engaged,
    you must lift the ring underneath the
    gear-lever knob.
    To change gear, fully depress the clutch
    pedal and then release it smoothly. It is
    inadvisable to drive with your hand resting
    on the gear lever, as this can increase the
    wear on the gearbox.
    When changing down from 5th to 4th gear,
    ease the gear lever straight back, without
    applying any lateral pressure. This will prevent 2nd gear being engaged by mistake,
    which can result in overreving and possible
    damage to the engine.
    Before engaging reverse, wait till the car is
    at a standstill, release the accelerator and
    fully depress the clutch. From neutral, press
    the gear lever firmly to the right before
    easing it back into reverse.

    1 3 5
    2 4 R

    IB471

    Engine Break-In Period

    137

    Shift-up indicator for improved fuel
    economy (U.S. models only)
    Cars equipped with a manual transmission
    have a "Shift-up" light on the instrument
    panel. The light begins to work after the
    vehicle is warmed up and provides you with
    a good indication when to shift to a higher
    gear.
    It is not necessary or recommended to
    follow the shift-up recommendations in all
    driving conditions, for example, when driving in heavy urban traffic or steep downhill
    grades.
    However, shifting with the light should result
    in improved fuel economy. Therefore, for
    reduced fuel consumption and better
    energy conservation, you should make a
    habit of shifting before or when the shift-up
    light comes on.

    Towing
    Towing of cars with manual gearbox, see
    page 158.



  • Page 138

    138

    Starting and driving

    Automatic transmission

    • Never park the car with the selector
    lever in a drive position, even if the
    parking brake is on.
    • Always select "P" position and apply
    the parking brake when leaving the
    vehicle unattended.

    IB472

    • Make it a habit to keep your foot on the
    brake when selecting a drive position,
    to prevent the car creeping forward (or
    backward if reverse is selected).
    • The car must be at a standstill before
    P, R or N is selected. You have to have
    your foot on the brake pedal to move
    the lever out of P. If the car is still
    moving when a drive position is subsequently selected, this could cause an
    accident or damage the automatic
    transmission.

    IB1280

    WARNING

    Selector lever
    The electronic control module for the automatic transmission receives information on
    engine torque and road speed, and also
    controls the hydraulic pressure in the transmission to ensure that gear changing is as
    smooth as possible.
    The position of the selector lever is shown
    by the symbols adjacent to the lever and
    also by an indicator on the main instrument
    panel.
    The ignition key can only be removed when
    the selector lever is in the P position.

    Selector-lever indicator on main instrument panel
    When the car is stationary, the engine must
    be at idling speed when the selector lever is
    moved. You must have your foot on the
    brake pedal to move the lever out of park.
    If the accelerator is depressed while the
    lever is moved, this will result in abnormal
    wear in the transmission.

    NOTE
    After selecting a drive position, pause to
    allow the gear to engage before you
    accelerate.



  • Page 139

    Starting and driving

    IB474

    P

    R N D 3 2
    1

    Detent positions for selector movement
    The detent button on the selector lever has
    to be pressed before the selector can be
    moved between certain positions.

    Three modes for the automatic transmission can be selected: Normal, Sport and
    Winter.
    The Normal mode, which provides the best
    fuel economy, is the default setting when
    the engine is started.
    When the Sport mode is selected, the
    throttle angle is altered to provide more
    power at the same throttle setting. The
    transmission also changes up later than in
    Normal mode to provide higher performance. In this mode, the SPORT indicator
    will appear on the main instrument panel
    (see page 144).
    The Winter mode is intended for use when
    pulling away and driving on icy roads. In this
    mode, the transmission starts in 3rd gear, to
    provide better grip, and the WINTER indicator appears on the main instrument panel.
    When the ignition is turned to OFF, the automatic transmission will automatically revert
    to Normal mode (see page 144).
    Adaptive gear-change pattern is a transmission function in the Normal and Sport
    modes which matches gear changing to
    current driving conditions. The transmission
    control module senses the load on the
    engine and selects one of three available
    gear-change patterns, and so avoids
    unnecessary changing up or down.

    139

    Lock-up function
    The automatic transmission has a lock-up
    function, which renders the torque converter inoperative in 3rd and 4th gears, the
    result of which is to reduce the engine speed
    and, hence, fuel consumption.
    When the lock-up function comes into operation, it may give the impression of an overdrive being engaged.

    Kick-down
    When the accelerator is pressed down hard,
    a change-down to the next gear will be
    effected to provide maximum acceleration,
    e.g. for overtaking.
    The change-up to the next gear again will
    take place either when the accelerator is
    released or when maximum engine speed is
    reached.



  • Page 140

    Starting and driving
    Shift Lock override
    Fault indicator, automatic
    transmission

    NOTE
    Due to electrical problems it may not be
    possible to move the selector out of the
    park position, even if the ignition is ON. If
    for some reason the selector has to be
    moved out of the park position (i.e. to tow
    the car a short distance) do as described
    below.
    IB1122

    140

    1 Apply the parking brake
    2 Make sure the key is in position ON
    3 Use a small tool such as a screwdriver
    and push the lever (see picture) downwards so that the detent button can be
    pressed approx. 10 mm
    4 Move the selector out of position P to N
    5 Remove the tool
    6 Release the parking brake if the car is to
    be moved immediately; otherwise keep
    it applied
    Check fuse No. 1 (see page 194). If the fuse
    is OK, check the battery regarding the voltage.
    If the problem was cured by changing the
    fuse or battery, you do not have to contact a
    Saab dealer.
    If the fuse blows again as soon as the Shift
    Lock feature is activated you should contact
    your Saab dealer.

    If ”Fault indicator, automatic transmission”
    indicator appears on the main instrument
    panel, the system has detected a fault in the
    automatic transmission or its control
    module (see page 50).
    This also means that the Limp-home mode
    has been selected, to guard against further
    damage being done to the transmission. In
    this mode, the automatic transmission
    starts in 4th gear, and gear changes (if necessary) will have to be made manually.
    It is not possible to select the SPORT or
    WINTER mode when the Limp-home mode
    is active.
    You should have the automatic transmission checked as soon as possible by an
    authorized Saab dealer.
    The following gears will be engaged in the
    respective selector positions when the automatic transmission is in the Limp-home
    mode:
    Position R
    Gear

    D

    Reverse 4th

    3

    2

    1

    4th

    3rd

    3rd



  • Page 141

    Starting and driving

    NOTE
    If the control module has actuated the
    Limp-home function for the automatic
    transmission, the car will remain in 4th
    gear when D is selected, making it very
    sluggish. To overcome this, move the
    selector lever to position 2.

    141

    Overheated transmission fluid

    Towing

    If the automatic-transmission fluid should
    overheat, the following message will appear
    on the SID:
    ”TRANSMISSION OVERHEATING”. If this
    happens, stop the car and wait for the message to be extinguished. Continue driving in
    a locked gear that produces an engine
    speed of about 3,000 rpm.
    Overheating of the automatic-transmission
    fluid can occur when the car is towing a
    heavy load, such as a camping trailer in hilly
    country, with the wrong gear selected,
    resulting in abnormally frequent gear
    changing. Try selecting position 1, 2 or 3.
    High ambient temperatures can also
    increase the temperature of the transmission fluid or the oil cooler may be faulty.
    Contact an authorized Saab dealer (see
    also page 152).

    Towing of cars with automatic transmission,
    see page 158.

    WARNING
    Remember to use engine-braking (selector position 1, 2, or 3) to spare the brakes
    when you are driving on a long or steep
    downhill slope. Select the same gear as
    you would on the corresponding uphill
    slope.
    Brake failure can result from overheated
    brakes!



  • Page 142

    142

    Starting and driving

    Selector positions
    P
    To shift out of the P position you must
    depress the brake pedal and the ignition
    must be ON.
    The parking position (P) must only be selected
    when the car is at a complete standstill. The
    selector lever is locked and the transmission is
    mechanically immobilized. Always apply the
    parking brake after parking the car.
    The engine can be started. The key can be
    removed.
    R
    The reverse (R) position must only be selected
    when the car is at a complete standstill. The
    detent-release button must be pressed before
    the selector lever can be moved to R. Wait until
    reverse gear has engaged (car starts to creep)
    before touching the accelerator.
    N
    In the Neutral position (N), the transmission is
    disengaged from the engine. The engine can be
    started, but first ensure that the parking brake is
    on, to prevent the car from moving off unexpectedly.
    To prevent the engine and transmission from
    becoming hotter than necessary, select N for
    stops other than brief ones, e.g. if stuck in a traffic jam.
    The normal drive position (D) is recommended
    for waiting at traffic lights.

    D
    The Drive position (D) is the position for normal
    motoring. Gear changes between 1st and 4th
    will take place automatically, the timing of which
    is determined by the throttle (accelerator) position and the speed of the car.
    After moving the selector lever to D, pause to
    give the gear time to engage (car starts to pull).
    3
    In position 3, 4th gear is locked out. The car will
    start in 1st gear and normal gear changing (up
    and down) will take place automatically between
    gears 1, 2 and 3.
    Position 3 is recommended on roads with frequent bends and in congested traffic.
    Moving the selector lever from D to 3 will effect
    a change-down to 3rd gear, which will give better
    engine-braking.
    Do not move the selector to position 3 at speeds
    in excess of 90 mph (150 km/h).
    2
    Position 2 is recommended in hilly country. This
    gear enables the performance of the engine to
    be exploited better and also provides effective
    engine-braking. Normal gear changing (up and
    down) between 1st and 2nd gear will take place
    automatically. Third and 4th gears are locked
    out.
    Do not move the selector to position 2 at speeds
    in excess of 70 mph (110 km/h).



  • Page 143

    Starting and driving
    1
    Position 1 should be used when maximum
    engine-braking is required on steep downhill
    slopes and to avoid frequent gear-changing on
    steep climbs.
    Do not move the selector to position 1 at speeds
    in excess of 37 mph (60 km/h).

    If the gear selector lever is moved from position D to 1, a
    change-down to 3rd gear will occur at about 110 mph (180 km/h).
    A change-down to 2nd gear will occur at about 75 mph (120 km/h)
    and to 1st gear at about 40 mph (65 km/h).
    When position 1 is selected, all the other gears will be locked out.
    Manual gear-changing is not recommended on slippery roads.

    143

    Adaptive gear-change patterns
    Adaptive gear-change patterns are selected automatically depending on the engine load and the present temperature of the transmission. The function is available in Normal and Sport modes.
    The changes occur at a higher engine speed and the car remains in
    the same gear for longer, if the transmission control module senses
    that the load has not decreased. These gear-change patterns prevent unnecessary changing up and down, when for example driving
    up long slopes with a trailer or caravan, and to prevent overheating
    the transmission oil. The adaptive gear-change function is also
    selected automatically when the transmission oil becomes too hot,
    to protect the transmission itself from serious damage and to lower
    the oil temperature.
    The adaptive gear-change pattern function is deselected when:
    • Winter mode is selected.
    • The engine is switched off.
    • The load is reduced so much that the function is no longer
    required.
    • “Fault indicator, automatic transmission”
    instrument panel, see page 140.

    appears on main



  • Page 144

    144

    Starting and driving

    SPORT and WINTER modes
    To select Sport mode, press the ”S” button on
    the selector lever when the selector lever is in
    position N, D, 3, 2 or 1.
    In this mode, gear changes will take place at
    higher engine speeds than in Normal mode, in
    other words, the transmission will change up
    later and change down earlier for the same throttle (accelerator) position.
    The Sport mode will be deselected if:





    The S button is pressed.
    The selector lever is moved to position P or R.
    The engine is switched off.
    The Winter mode is selected.

    • “Fault indicator, automatic transmission”
    appears on main instrument panel, see page
    140.

    The Winter mode facilitates pulling away and
    driving on icy roads. Third gear is selected automatically for pulling away to reduce wheelspin.
    Winter mode can be selected when the engine
    is running by pressing the ”W” button on the
    selector-lever surround. It cannot be selected
    when the selector lever is in position 2 or 1.
    Note: It is still possible to use kick-down in the
    Winter mode, in which case a change-down to
    1st or 2nd will take place.
    The Winter mode will be deselected if:






    The W button is pressed.
    The engine is switched off.
    The selector lever is moved to position 2 or 1.
    Kick-down is activated.
    The automatic-transmission fluid overheats.

    • “Fault indicator, automatic transmission”
    appears on main instrument panel, see page
    140.



  • Page 145

    Starting and driving

    Cruise control

    memory. (The memory is deleted when the
    engine is switched off.)

    To re-engage the system

    WARNING

    To revert to the preset speed, slide the
    switch to RES/–. This will only operate when
    the car’s speed is above 25 mph (40 km/h).

    • Do not use the Cruise-control system
    on wet or icy roads, in dense traffic or
    on winding roads.

    To reduce the preset speed






    ON/OFF (switch on/off).
    RES/– (Resume preset speed).
    SET/+ (to set the desired speed).
    CANCEL (Cancel operation of system,
    e.g. to reduce speed temporarily).
    When the system is ON, the CRUISE indicator light will appear on the main instrument panel and will be extinguished when
    the system is switched OFF. If CANCEL is
    selected, CRUISE will flash once.

    To set the desired speed
    Move the switch to ON. Accelerate to the
    desired speed (minimum speed: 25 mph
    (40 km/h)) and press SET/+.

    IB475

    • Set the control to OFF when you do
    not want to use the system, to prevent
    the system being activated inadvertently.
    The system is operated by means of the
    controls on the stalk switch:

    145

    Cruise-control switches

    To increase the preset speed
    Accelerate to the desired speed and press
    SET/+.
    You can also increase the speed of the car
    using the SET/+ button. Press it once to
    increase the speed by 1 mph (1.6 km/h) or
    hold it in and release when the desired
    speed is reached.

    Temporary increase in speed
    Press the accelerator to override the preset
    speed, e.g. for overtaking.
    When you release the accelerator, the
    system will revert to the preset speed.

    To cancel temporarily
    Move the control stalk to CANCEL
    (spring-loaded position before OFF position). This will disengage the system but the
    preset speed will be retained in the system

    The cruise-control system will always disengage automatically the moment that either
    the brake pedal or the clutch pedal is
    depressed.
    It is also possible to reduce the speed by
    means of the RES/– button.
    Sliding the button to RES/– once will reduce
    the speed by 1 mph (1.6 km/h). Holding the
    button in the RES/– position will effect a
    gradual reduction in speed until the button
    is released.

    Disengaging the system
    The system will be disengaged:
    • When the brake or clutch pedal is
    depressed.
    • When the switch is moved to CANCEL.
    • When the switch is moved to OFF.
    • When the engine is switched off.
    • When the selector lever is moved to position N (cars with automatic transmission).



  • Page 146

    146

    Starting and driving

    Braking
    To avoid the brakes becoming overheated,
    (e.g. when negotiating long descents with a
    drop of several hundred feet), select a low
    gear to use the braking effect of the engine.
    If the car has automatic transmission, move
    the selector lever to position 1 or 2.
    When driving fast, you can help to prolong
    the life of the brakes by thinking ahead and
    braking harder for short periods, rather than
    braking more moderately over long
    stretches.

    Brake pad wear indicators
    The outboard brake pads on the front
    wheels incorporate pad-wear indicators.
    When the lining is down to 3 mm, the pad
    will produce a screeching, squealing or
    scraping noise when the brakes are applied.
    New pads should be fitted without delay.
    Brake pads should only be replaced by
    an authorized Saab dealer.

    To ensure optimum brake performance,
    it is recommended that you use only
    Saab original brake pads.

    WARNING
    • It is prudent to try your brakes from
    time to time, especially when driving in
    heavy rain, on roads with a lot of surface water, or in snow or slush. In such
    conditions, the brakes may take
    longer than normal to take effect. To
    rectify this, touch the brake pedal periodically to dry the brakes out.
    The same applies after the car has
    been washed or when the weather is
    very humid.
    • The brakes are power assisted and it
    should be kept in mind that the servo
    unit only provides the power assistance when the engine is running.
    • The brake pressure required when the
    engine is off,( e.g. when the car is on
    tow) is roughly four times the normal
    pedal force required. The pedal also
    feels hard and unresponsive.
    • We advise against using wheels with
    open wheel covers in winter, as the
    brake components are then more
    exposed both to slush, road salt and
    grit.

    ABS brakes
    WARNING
    • The additional safety afforded by the
    ABS system is not designed to allow
    drivers to drive faster but to make
    normal driving safer.
    • To stop as quickly as possible, without
    loss of directional stability, whether
    the road surface is dry, wet or slippery,
    press the brake pedal down hardwithout letting up, declutching
    simultaneously, and steer the car to
    safety.
    ABS (antilock braking system) modulates
    the brake pressure to the respective
    wheels. Wheel sensors detect if a wheel is
    about to lock, and the control module
    reduces the pressure to that wheel and then
    increases it once more until the tendency is
    detected again.
    The brake system is equipped with an Electronic Brake-force Distribution device
    (EBD), which distributes the brake pressure
    between the front and rear wheels, in such
    a way as to achieve optimum braking performance irrespective of the car’s speed and
    load.
    The ABS system has a built-in diagnostic
    function which will switch on the Anti-lock
    brake warning light if a fault is detected in
    the system (see page 48).



  • Page 147

    Starting and driving

    147

    Traction Control System

    Braking with ABS brakes
    When the system is operating, the brake
    pedal will pulsate gently and the system
    will make a ticking noise

    The ABS system will not reduce the braking
    distance on loose gravel or on snow or ice
    but, because the wheels cannot lock up,
    some steering control is retained.
    When the ABS system is working, i.e. modulation of the brake pressure is in progress,
    the brake pedal will pulsate and a ticking
    noise will be heard. All this is perfectly normal.
    Press the pedal down hard (you cannot
    press too hard) and steer the car to safety.

    IB477

    IB476

    How the system works

    Braking with ABS – evasive steering
    Do not release the brake pedal before the
    car has come to a halt or the danger is
    past!
    That is critical.
    If the road is slippery, the ABS system will
    operate even when only light pressure is
    applied to the pedal. This means that you
    can brake gently to test the condition of the
    road and adapt your driving accordingly.
    It is well worth practicing the use of ABS
    brakes on a skid pan or other suitable facility.

    The traction control system (TCS) is
    designed to prevent wheelspin. This
    enables the car to achieve the best possible
    grip and, hence, maximum tractive effort,
    together with greater stability.
    The TCS system uses information from the
    ABS system’s wheel sensors to detect
    when the front (driving) wheels are rotating
    faster then the rear wheels. It then monitors
    whether one driving wheel is rotating faster
    than the other. If so, the faster wheel is
    retarded until both wheels are rotating at the
    same speed.
    If the two front wheels are rotating at the
    same speed but are turning faster than the
    rear wheels, the torque from the engine is
    reduced to eliminate the difference.
    The process continues until all the wheels
    are rotating at the same speed.
    The advantages of the TCS system become
    most apparent when the cohesion between
    the front wheels and the road surface is so
    low that one or both of the wheels would
    lose their grip were the car not equipped
    with the TCS, e.g.:
    • When the car is pulling away or accelerating with the front wheels on different surfaces (e.g. one slippery and one dry). The
    TCS then functions like an electronic differential lock.
    • When the car is pulling away or accelerating on a slippery road, in which case the



  • Page 148

    Starting and driving

    TCS eliminates wheelspin. The same
    applies when the car is reversing.
    • On cornering, if there is a tendency for the
    inner front wheel to rotate faster than the
    other wheels.
    • On overtaking.

    WARNING
    In normal driving, the TCS system
    enhances the safety of the car, but it does
    not mean that the car can be driven faster.
    The same care and prudence normally
    applied should be displayed on cornering
    and when driving on slippery roads.

    TCS OFF
    The TCS OFF indicator on the main instrument panel will come on:
    • If a fault has been detected and the
    system has therefore been switched off.
    • If there is a fault in the ABS system.
    • If the system has been switched off manually.
    The indicator light will also come on for
    4 seconds when the ignition key is turned to
    ON, while an internal system check is performed.

    TCS indicator
    The indicator light will come on for
    4 seconds when the ignition key is turned to
    ON, while an internal system check is performed.
    The TCS light in the tachometer comes on
    when the system is operative, i.e. when the
    wheels are not rotating at the same speed.
    The fact that the TCS system is operative
    indicates that the limit for grip has been
    exceeded and that the driver must exert
    greater care.

    IB478

    148

    Turning the TCS off
    The TCS is switched on automatically when
    the engine is started.
    The system can be switched off manually by
    the TCS button, whereupon TCS OFF on
    the main instrument panel will come on. The
    TCS system cannot be switched off if the car
    is travelling faster than 35 mph (60 km/h).
    It may be necessary to switch off the system
    if the car has become bogged down, for
    instance. Press TCS to switch it on again.
    If a fault is detected in the ABS system, the
    TCS will be switched off automatically.
    The cruise-control system will automatically
    be disengaged after one second if it is active
    when the TCS starts to operate.



  • Page 149

    Starting and driving
    Factors affecting fuel consumption
    Fuel consumption is greatly affected by the
    general driving conditions, the way in which
    the car is driven and at what speeds, the
    weather, the state of the road, the condition
    of the car, etc.

    Breaking-in
    Fuel consumption may be somewhat higher
    during the break-in period (the first 3,000–
    4,000 miles (5,000–7,000 km) than stated
    under ”Technical data”.

    Weather conditions
    Fuel consumption can be as much as 10 %
    lower in summer than in winter. The higher
    consumption in cold weather is explained by
    the longer time it takes for the engine to
    reach normal operating temperature, and
    for the transmission and wheel bearings to
    warm up. Fuel economy is also affected by
    the distance driven: short journeys of
    3-5 miles (5-8 km) do not give the engine
    enough time to reach normal temperature.
    Strong winds can also affect fuel consumption.
    How to read the graph on the right:
    If fuel consumption with the engine at
    normal temperature is 28 mpg
    (10l/100 km), the actual fuel consumption 3
    miles (5 km) after the engine has started
    from cold will be:
    – 23.5 mpg (12l/100 km) at outside temp.
    of 68°F (20°C) (increase of 20%).
    – 17.7 mpg (16l/100 km) at outside temp.
    of 32°F (0°C) (increase of 60%).
    – 14 mpg (20l/100 km)) at outside temp. of
    –4°F (–20°C) (increase of 100%).
    As can be seen, both the distance travelled
    by the car and the outside temperature have
    a major impact on fuel consumption after
    the engine has started from cold. Thus, if the
    car is mainly used for short journeys of
    3–5 miles (5–8 km), the fuel consumption
    will be 60–80 % higher than normal.

    IB311

    Economical motoring

    149

    Percentage increase in fuel consumption
    of engine starting from cold compared to
    engine at normal temperature.

    Driving technique
    • To obtain the best running economy, not
    only regarding fuel consumption but general wear also, regular service is required.
    • High speed, unnecessary acceleration,
    heavy braking and much low gear work all
    gives rise to higher fuel consumption.
    • Frequent gear changing in traffic, starting
    in cold weather, the use of studded tires
    and roof racks, and towing a trailer all
    increase fuel consumption.
    • Do not run the engine when the car is stationary.



  • Page 150

    150

    Starting and driving

    If idling, it will take much longer before the
    engine becomes hot. Engine wear is
    greatest during this warming-up phase.
    Therefore drive away as soon as possible
    after the engine is started and avoid high
    revving.
    • Driving in a low gear results in higher fuel
    consumption than in a high gear because
    of the higher engine speed for a given
    road speed. Always change up to a higher
    gear as soon as traffic conditions allow
    and use the highest gear as much as possible.
    • Check the air pressure in the tires once a
    month. Incorrect pressures increase tire
    wear. It is better to have slightly higher
    pressure than lower.
    • Check fuel consumption regularly.
    Increased consumption can indicate that
    something is wrong and that the car
    needs to be checked by an authorized
    Saab dealer.
    Practical trials on the roads have demonstrated that substantial savings in fuel consumption can be made if the above advice
    is heeded.

    Road conditions
    Wet roads increase fuel consumption, as do
    unpaved roads and driving in hilly country
    (the amount of fuel saved driving downhill is
    less than the additional amount required to
    climb the hill).

    Engine block heater (standard
    equipment in Canada, accessory in
    U.S.)
    The following are just some of the benefits
    to the car and the environment of using an
    engine block heater:





    Lower fuel consumption.
    Reduced wear on the engine.
    Inside of car warms up faster.
    Exhaust emissions substantially reduced
    over short runs.
    The engine heater is effective at outside
    temperatures up to +15-20°C. The warmer
    it is outside, the shorter the time the engine
    heater needs to be connected. Longer than
    1.5 hours is unnecessary.
    If the car is equipped with a removable,
    electrical cabin heater that is not in use, this
    should be stored in the luggage compartment.

    Driving in winter
    Before starting a journey in cold weather,
    check that the wiper blades have not
    become frozen to the glass. Brush any snow
    away from the air intake for the heater
    system (opening between hood and windshield).
    Periodically during the winter, add gasoline
    anti-freeze to the fuel to dispel any condensation in the fuel tank which could freeze
    and cause problems in the system. Keep
    the tank well filled to reduce the risk of condensation forming.
    If the car is parked outside in freezing
    weather, fuel additives (gasoline
    anti-freeze) will not do any good as any condensation in the fuel tank will freeze. Condensation is caused by changes in the outdoor temperature or by the car being parked
    alternately in a garage and outside.
    It is particularly important when the roads
    are slippery that the brakes and tires be in
    good condition.
    The car is equipped with tires designed to
    provide optimum grip on both wet and dry
    roads, although this has been achieved at
    the expense of somewhat reduced grip on
    snow and ice. For regular driving on snow
    and ice, we therefore recommend that
    winter (snow) tires be fitted.
    Winter (snow) tires, particularly studded
    tires (where use is legally permitted), generally make driving safer on snow and ice.
    If winter tires are fitted, the same type must
    be fitted on all wheels. Your Saab dealer will



  • Page 151

    Starting and driving
    be pleased to advise you on the best tires for
    your car.
    Remember that tires age. It may therefore
    be necessary to change them before they
    reach the legal wear limit, as they gradually
    lose their friction properties.
    The best response if the car gets into a
    front-wheel skid is to freewheel (manual
    gearbox only), i.e. disengage the clutch (so
    that the wheels are neither driven or
    retarded by the engine.
    If the car has automatic transmission, ease
    up on the accelerator and steer carefully in
    the desired direction.
    In a rear-wheel skid, steer in the same direction that the rear of the car is moving.

    Tire chains
    If you want to fit tire chains (where legally
    permitted) they should only be fitted to the
    tires recommended under ”Specifications”
    (see page 233).
    Consult your Saab dealer for details of
    approved tire chains.

    WARNING
    • Do not exceed 30 mph (50 km/h)
    when tire chains are fitted.
    • Check the links frequently for wear.
    • Tire chains can reduce the directional
    stability of the car.
    • Tire chains must not be used on the
    rear wheels.
    • Check that the chains do not contact
    the wheel-arch liner at full lock.

    151

    Driving in hot weather
    • Always check the coolant level before
    starting a journey. The level should be just
    below the MAX mark.
    • At the end of a journey, if the engine has
    worked hard, allow it to idle for two or
    three minutes before switching it off.
    If the needle on the temperature gauge
    enters the red zone:
    1 Bring the car to a standstill but leave the
    engine running. Do not remove the cap
    on the expansion tank even if the tank is
    empty. If the needle on the temperature
    gauge continues to rise while the engine
    is idling, switch off the engine.
    2 Wait until the needle has dropped back
    to indicate normal temperature (roughly
    midway, in the white zone) before stopping the engine. If the coolant needs topping up, unscrew the cap on expansion
    tank carefully.
    Top up, as necessary, ideally with a
    50/50 mixture of Saab-approved coolant
    and water. If only water is available, use
    that, but remember to have the coolant
    mixture checked as soon as possible.



  • Page 152

    152

    Starting and driving
    WARNING

    Always undo the expansion tank filler cap
    carefully, releasing the pressure and any
    vapor before removing the cap completely.
    3 As soon as possible, have the cooling
    system checked by an authorized Saab
    dealer.

    Towing a trailer
    Trailer hitch attachment
    Trailer hitch attachments are available as
    accessories. These are designed for a maximum trailer weight of 2000 lbs. (900 kg).
    Use only the electrical trailer hitch socket
    provided in the spare wheel area in the luggage compartment for connecting the trailer
    electrics.

    Trailer weight
    Maximum recommended trailer weights for
    different gradients, with a view to comfort
    and drivability for manual and automatic
    cars, are shown on the drawing.
    Make sure you are familiar with the law
    regarding speed limits for towing, maximum trailer weights, trailer-braking
    requirements, and also any special
    driving-licence provisions
    (see also page 227).

    NOTE
    Use only a genuine Saab trailer hitch,
    since other models can damage the car’s
    bodywork and electrical system (or in
    Canada, a high quality hitch designed to
    fit the car, available from a trailer hitch
    specialist).
    Consult an authorized Saab dealer for
    guidance on how to connect the trailer
    hitch electrical system.

    WARNING
    When towing a trailer, do not attempt to
    negotiate a hill having a gradient in
    excess of 15%. The weight distribution
    over the front wheels of the car will be
    insufficient to prevent wheelspin, making
    further progress impossible.
    In addition, the parking brake may not
    always be able to hold the car and trailer
    securely, with the result that the wheels
    can start to slide downhill.
    The specified trailer weights and gradients
    assume that the journey starts at the hill and
    therefore apply only to short periods.



  • Page 153

    Starting and driving

    Gradient Maximum
    of hill, % trailer
    weight, lbs.
    (kg)
    6-7
    2000 (900)
    8-9
    2000 (900)
    10-15
    1000 (450)

    Maximum duration, minutes

    unlimited
    15 max
    15 max.

    When negotiating long hills, bear the following important considerations in mind:
    If TRANSMISSION OVERHEATING
    appears on the SID, stop the car as soon as
    it is safe to do so and wait until the warning
    has been extinguished. When continuing
    your journey, select a locked gear (1, 2 or 3)
    that will allow you to drive at an engine
    speed of about 3,000 rpm (see page 142).
    Do not drive continuously with the WINTER
    mode selected in hilly country when you are
    towing a trailer, as this will increase fuel consumption and risk overheating the transmission.

    Trailer hitch load
    The weight distribution on the trailer makes
    a lot of difference to the handling properties
    of the car and trailer combination. As
    regards single-axle trailers, whenever possible, concentrate the load over the wheels
    and keep it as low as possible.
    The trailer should be loaded so that the
    maximum load on the towbar ball is 5% to
    7% of the trailer weight with a maximum permissible tongue weight of 165 lbs. (75 kg).
    Note that this load must be added to the total
    load for the car. If this now exceeds the
    specified load capacity, the load in the luggage compartment will have to be reduced
    by a corresponding amount.

    Driving considerations
    Always take extra care when towing a
    trailer, as the car’s handling will be different
    and its braking effect reduced. The trailer’s
    braking system and suspension also have a
    considerable effect on these characteristics.
    If the car is equipped with automatic transmission, select position 1 when ascending
    or descending steep hills.

    NOTE
    If the “Fault indicator, automatic transmission” indicator
    comes on, cease
    towing until the problem has been rectified.

    IB106

    Recommendations for cars with automatic transmission.
    The following time limits are based on the
    capacity of the cooling system in warm
    weather, i.e. approximately 104°F (40°C).

    153

    Distribution of load in trailer
    a Light
    b Moderate
    c Heavy



  • Page 154

    154

    Starting and driving

    Driving considerations
    with compact spare
    wheel/tire fitted

    Driving with the trunk
    lid/tailgate open
    Avoid driving with the trunk lid/tailgate partly
    or fully open, since exhaust fumes can be
    drawn into the cabin.
    If you must drive with the trunk lid/tailgate
    open, all windows and the sunroof (if fitted)
    must be closed and the cabin fan on at its
    highest speed setting.

    WARNING

    IB465

    Do not exceed 50 mph (80 km/h) as the
    tire can overheat and adversely affect the
    handling of the car.
    The tire should be inflated to 60 psi
    (420 kPa).
    The following should be observed when the
    compact spare wheel (T115/70 R16) is
    fitted:
    The compact spare is light and easy to
    handle when changing the wheel. Do not
    drive further than necessary with the compact spare fitted – the maximum life of the
    wheel is only just over 2000 miles
    (3,500 km). Have the standard wheel
    repaired and refitted as soon as possible.

    The car’s ground clearance is reduced with
    the compact spare fitted. Note that only one
    compact spare wheel may be used at any
    time. Take care not to hit the curb and do not
    fit snow chains. Leave the wheel cover off,
    so that the warning text is readily visible.

    NOTE
    To avoid damaging a punctured alloy
    wheel it can be placed outside up in the
    spare-wheel well but only while driving to
    the closest workshop.
    A general rule is that all heavy loads must
    be well secured in the luggage compartment, see page 118 and 121.

    Driving in deep water
    NOTE
    Do not drive in water deeper than
    12 inches (30 cm) and do not drive faster
    than at idling speed. Water can otherwise
    be sucked into the engine. The engine will
    be damaged if water enters the intake
    system.



  • Page 155

    Starting and driving

    155

    Driving with a roof rack
    load
    WARNING

    The maximum permissible roof load is
    220 lbs. (100 kg).
    Note that the roof load is included in the
    car’s maximum permissible load (see page
    226).
    Strong, sturdy roof carriers designed specially for the car are available from your
    Saab dealer. Always secure the roof load
    safely.

    Fitting the roof carriers (accessory)
    9-5 Sedan
    The carrier feet are marked with a top view
    of the car and arrow indicating their positions.
    1 Slip the plastic cover onto the adjustable
    foot of the carrier (foot with knob for
    tightening) to protect the paintwork
    during assembly.
    2 Open all the doors.
    Fold back the rubber strip and find the
    fixing holes.

    3 Start on the left-hand side of the car.
    Rest the carrier carefully across the roof,
    with the rigid foot towards you. Hold the
    foot clear of the roof to avoid damaging
    the paintwork.
    Fold back the rubber strip and insert the
    pins on the foot into the fixing holes.
    Make sure that the rubber strip comes
    inside the plastic cover on the carrier.
    Repeat the procedure with the other carrier.
    4 Close the doors on the left-hand side of
    the car gently, to hold the carrier feet in
    place.
    5 Now go around to the other side of the
    car and remove the plastic cover from
    the carrier’s adjustable foot. Fold back
    the rubber strip and insert the pins on
    the foot into the fixing holes. Do the
    same with the other carrier and close the
    doors gently.

    IB481

    • Suit your speed to the prevailing conditions.

    IB480

    • A roof load will affect the car’s center
    of gravity and aerodynamics. Be
    aware of this when cornering and driving in crosswinds.

    6 Tighten each carrier by turning the knob
    clockwise (by hand). Tighten just
    enough to bring the foot up against the
    edges of the fixing holes.
    Remove the carriers when not in use, as
    they increase fuel consumption.
    The instructions that accompany the carriers also include advice on driving with a roof
    load - we strongly recommend that you read
    them carefully.



  • Page 156

    156

    Starting and driving

    IB1295

    1 Clean the car’s roof rails.
    2 Check the markings on the cross members to see which is the front and which
    is the rear roof carrier.
    3 Place the cross members on the roof
    rails, on their respective sides of the
    centre supports. The cross members
    must not be placed beyond the front or
    rear joint on the rail. Ensure that the distance between the cross members is at
    least 28 inches (700 mm).
    If a roof box is to be fitted, the cross
    members must be positioned so that the
    tailgate can be opened fully without hitting the roof box.
    4 Using your thumb, press the bracket so
    that it lies snugly against the outside of
    the roof rail. Make sure that the roof carriers are seated centrally on the rubber
    spacers and that these sit correctly on
    the roof rail. Pull the spacers down
    slightly on the inside of the roof rail.
    5 Center the roof carriers so that they protrude equally on both sides.
    6 Tighten the roof carriers by hand.
    Ensure that the tightening knobs are
    upright once the roof carriers have been
    tightened.
    7 Make sure the roof carriers are securely
    in place.

    IB1294

    Fitting the roof carriers (accessory)
    9-5 Wagon



  • Page 157

    Starting and driving

    Driving with a load
    The driving characteristics of the car are
    affected by the way it is loaded.
    • Place heavy loads as far forward and as
    low as possible in the trunk.
    • Secure the load to the tie downs, see
    page 118.
    • The load should be such that the car´s
    total weight or axle weight are not
    exceeded, see page 226.
    • Heavy loads mean that the car’s centre of
    gravity is further back. As a result, the car
    will sway more during evasive steering.
    • Never exceed the permissible load in the
    roof box, even if there is room for more.
    • Ensure that the tire pressure is correct –
    slight overinflation is preferable to underinflation.
    • The braking distance of a loaded car is
    always greater. Keep your distance from
    the vehicle in front.
    Tire pressure, see page 235 and back
    cover.

    Tires
    NOTE
    Check the tire pressure at least once a
    month. Underinflation is the main cause
    of:
    • Damage to the wheels.
    • Premature tire wear.
    • Damage to the sidewalls.
    The tire pressure should match the current
    load and speed of the car; see the back
    cover or the tire pressure label on
    page 235.
    The tire pressures given apply to cold tires,
    that is tires that are the same temperature
    as the outside air temperature.
    The tire pressure increases as the tires
    become warm (e.g. during highway driving)
    with approximately 0.3 bar (4 psi). When
    the temperature of the tires changes by 50°
    (10°C), the tire pressure will change 0.1 bar
    (2 psi).

    157

    Never reduce the pressure of a hot tire. If the
    tires are hot when you check them, only
    increase the pressure, if necessary.
    Underinflated tires wear more quickly than
    slightly overinflated tires.
    If a valve is leaking, simply unscrew it and fit
    a new one.
    Important! Remember to adjust the tire
    pressures if you change the load in the car
    or intend to drive at substantially lower or
    higher speeds than normal.



  • Page 158

    Starting and driving

    Towing the car

    Front towing eye
    WARNING

    WARNING
    • Remember that the brake servo does
    not operate when the engine is off.
    Much greater pressure than normal
    will therefore be required to operate
    the brake pedal.
    • Nor does the steering servo operate
    when the engine is off. The steering
    will therefore be much heavier than
    usual.
    • The towing vehicle should always be
    heavier than the vehicle on tow.
    • Never allow passengers to ride in the
    car being towed.

    • Make sure that the towing eye at the
    front is screwed in tightly.
    • The towing eye is only designed for
    use when the car is being towed on the
    road. It must not be used to pull the
    car out of a ditch, for example. If the
    towing eye were to shear suddenly, it
    could cause serious injury.
    • Always seek professional help if the
    car needs to be recovered.

    NOTE
    • Do not drive the car with the front
    towing eye in position. If it catches the
    curb, for example, the engine subframe could be damaged.
    • Refit the plastic plug in the hole when
    the towing eye has been removed, to
    keep dirt out of the threads.

    IB482

    158

    Front towing eye
    The front towing eye is stored with the spare
    wheel.
    The attachment point (tapped hole) for the
    towing eye is midway along the engine subframe at the front of the car.
    Remove the plastic plug and screw in the
    towing eye securely.
    To ensure that the towing eye is in far
    enough, insert the handle of the wheel
    wrench through the eye for additional leverage.



  • Page 159

    Starting and driving
    Considerations when towing the car
    with manual transmission

    IB483

    Gear lever in neutral and parking lights on.
    Drive carefully and do not exceed the
    speed limit for vehicles being towed.
    Always try to keep the towrope taut by
    gently applying the brake, as necessary.
    This will avoid the towrope being jerked
    violently.

    Rear towing eye

    Rear towing eye
    The car has a permanently mounted towing
    eye at the back. If the car is equipped with a
    trailer hitch, this can be used instead of the
    towing eye.

    Considerations when towing the car
    with automatic transmission
    Selector lever at N (neutral) and parking
    lights on.
    Drive carefully and do not exceed the
    speed limit for vehicles being towed.
    Always try to keep the towrope taut by
    gently applying the brake, as necessary.
    This will avoid the towrope being jerked
    violently.

    159

    NOTE
    The car must be towed front first.
    1 Selector lever in position N.
    2 Always observe the speed limit for
    vehicles in tow. Whatever the speed
    limit, the car must not be towed at a
    speed exceeding 13 mph (20 km/h) nor
    for a distance of more than 18 miles
    (30 km). If the car needs to be transported over a longer distance, a tow
    truck should be called out.
    Failure to follow these guidelines can result
    in damage.
    Cars with automatic transmission cannot be
    bump started. In an emergency, it is possible to start the engine using jump leads (see
    the section, ”Jump starting” on page 160).

    NOTE
    If the car is to be towed with the front
    wheels off the ground, make sure the
    parking brake is off, as this acts on the
    rear wheels.



  • Page 160

    160

    Starting and driving

    Jump starting

    and bad grounding could damage electrical systems.

    If your battery has run down, you may want
    to use another vehicle and some jumper
    cables to start your Saab. Follow the steps
    below to do it safely.

    WARNING


    WARNING

    +

    +

    • They contain enough electricity to
    injure you.
    If you do not follow these steps exactly,
    some or all of these things can hurt you.

    NOTE
    Ignoring these steps could result in costly
    damage to your vehicle that would not be
    covered by your warranty.
    Trying to start your car by pushing or pulling it could damage your vehicle, even if
    you have a manual transmission. If you
    have an automatic transmission, your
    vehicle cannot be started by pushing or
    pulling it.

    IB484

    Batteries can cause injury. They can be
    dangerous because:
    • They contain acid that can burn you.
    • They contain gas that can explode or
    ignite.

    You could be injured if the vehicles roll.
    Set the parking brake firmly on each vehicle. Put an automatic transmission in P
    (Park) or a manual transmission in Neutral.



    To jump start your vehicle:
    1 Check the other vehicle. It must have a
    12-volt battery with a negative ground
    system.

    NOTE
    If the other system is not a 12-volt system
    with a negative ground, both vehicles can
    be damaged.
    2 Get the vehicles close enough so the
    jumper cables can reach, but be sure the
    vehicles are not touching each other. If a
    poor connection on the negative jumper
    cable should exist, it is possible for
    damage to be caused to electrical systems/components of either vehicle
    should inadvertent contact be made.
    You would not be able to start your car

    3 Turn off the ignition on both vehicles.
    Turn off all lights that are not needed,
    and radios. This will avoid sparks and
    help save both batteries and it could
    save your radio.

    NOTE
    If you leave your radio on, it could be
    badly damaged. The repairs would not be
    covered by your warranty.
    4 Open the hood and locate the battery.
    Find the positive (+) and negative (-) terminals on the battery.



  • Page 161

    Starting and driving
    WARNING
    An electric fan can start up even when the
    engine is not running and can injure you.
    Keep hands, clothing and tools away from
    any underhood electric fan.

    WARNING
    Using a match or flame of any kind near a
    battery can cause battery gas to explode.
    You can suffer burns or be blinded. Use a
    flashlight if you need more light.
    Be sure the battery has enough water.
    The battery installed in your new Saab
    has filler caps. Be sure the right amount
    of water is there. Add distilled or boiled
    water if the level is too low. If you don’t,
    explosive gas could be present.
    Be sure the electrolyte in the battery is not
    frozen. Discharged batteries will freeze.
    When connecting jumper cables to a
    frozen battery, gas from the chemical
    reaction inside the battery can build up
    under the ice and cause an explosion.
    Battery fluid contains acid that can burn
    you. Do not get it on you. If you accidentally get it in your eyes or on your skin,
    flush the area with water and get medical
    help immediately.

    5 Check that the jumper cables do not
    have loose or missing insulation. If they
    do, you could get a shock and also the
    vehicles could be damaged.
    Before you connect the cables, here are
    some basic things you should know.
    Positive (+) will go to positive (+) and
    negative (-) will go to negative (-) or a
    major metal engine part with a good
    ground. Do not connect (+) to (-) or you
    will get a short that could injure you or
    would damage the battery and maybe
    other parts as well.
    6 Connect the red positive (+) cable to the
    positive (+) terminal of the vehicle with
    the discharged battery.
    7 Do not let the other end touch metal.
    Connect it to the positive (+) terminal of
    the good battery. Use a remote positive
    (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.

    161

    8 Now connect the black negative (-)
    cable to the good battery’s negative terminal.
    Do not let the other end touch anything
    until the next step. The other end of the
    negative cable does not go to the dead
    battery. It goes to a major metal part with
    a good ground on the engine of the vehicle with the discharged battery.
    9 Attach the cable at least 18 inches
    (45 cm) away from the discharged battery, but not near engine parts that
    move. The electrical connection is just
    as good there, but the chance of sparks
    getting back to the battery is much less.
    10 Start the vehicle with the good battery
    and run the engine for a while.
    11 Try to start the vehicle with the discharged battery. If it does not start after
    a few tries, it probably needs service.
    12 Remove the cables in reverse order to
    prevent electrical shorting. Take care
    that they do not touch each other or any
    other metal.



  • Page 162

    162

    Starting and driving

    Parking brake

    Parking

    WARNING

    The parking brake is situated between the
    front seats and acts on the rear wheels.
    When the parking brake is on, the indicator
    light on the main instrument panel will be on.
    To release the parking brake, lift the lever
    slightly, press the release button and
    release the lever by pushing down on it.

    Do not leave children or pets unattended
    in the car. In warm, sunny weather, the
    temperature inside the car can reach
    160–180°F (70–80°C).

    IB360

    • Always apply the parking brake when
    parking.
    • Always apply the parking brake before
    removing the ignition key.
    • Do not use the parking brake when the
    car is moving.

    WARNING

    • Park where the vehicle will not create an
    obstruction or a hazard to other road
    users.
    • Do not park on dry grass or other combustible material. The catalytic converter gets
    very hot and could start a fire.
    • Apply the parking brake.
    • Engage reverse (automatic transmission:
    move selector lever to P (Park)), and
    remove the ignition key.
    • Lock the car.



  • Page 163

    Starting and driving





    1
    1 Pointing downhill and
    against the curb
    – Turn the wheels into
    the curb and edge the
    car forward until the
    wheels touch the curb.

    2

    3

    2 Pointing uphill and
    against the curb
    – Turn the wheels away
    from the curb and edge
    the car back until the
    wheels touch the curb.

    IB485



    3 Pointing uphill or
    downhill – no curb
    – Turn the wheels
    towards the edge of the
    road. If the car should
    start rolling, it will not run
    into the road.







    Parking on a hill

    Long-term parking

    When parking on a steep hill, turn the front
    wheels so that they will be blocked by the
    curb if the car should move.

    If the car is not going to be used for some
    time, e.g. 3–4 months, the following steps
    are recommended:
    • Run the engine to normal temperature
    before long-term parking.
    • Drain the washer-fluid reservoir and
    hoses.
    • Wash and wax the car. Clean the rubber
    seals on the hood, luggage compartment

    163

    lid and doors, and lubricate them with
    glycerol (glycerin).
    After washing the car, dry the brake discs
    by taking the car out on the road and
    applying the brakes a few times.
    Fill the fuel tank with fuel to prevent condensation forming in it.
    Top up the coolant and check the antifreeze before the onset of winter.
    Park the car in a dry, covered and
    well-ventilated building. Leave the parking brake OFF!
    Disconnect the negative (-) battery lead.
    If frost is likely to occur during the
    long-term parking, remove the battery
    and store it away from the frost.
    Ideally, the car should be put up on
    blocks, with the wheels off the ground. If
    this is not possible, inflate the tires to
    about 43 psi (300 kPa).
    Leave all the windows open a crack and
    cover the car with a fabric tarpaulin - not
    one made of plastic.



  • Page 164

    164

    Starting and driving



  • Page 165

    Car care and technical information

    165

    Car care and
    technical
    information

    Hood release handle .......
    Engine compartment,
    4-cyl. engine ...................
    Engine compartment,
    6-cyl. engine ...................
    Emission control systems
    Engine...............................
    Engine oil .........................
    Transmission fluid...........
    Coolant .............................
    Brake and clutch fluid .....
    Power steering fluid ........
    Battery ..............................

    166
    167
    168
    169
    170
    171
    173
    174
    175
    176
    177

    Drive belts ........................
    Wipers and washers .......
    Changing bulbs ...............
    Fuses ................................
    Wheels..............................
    Compact spare wheel .....
    Flat spotting.....................
    Air conditioning (A/C
    system)...........................
    Safety belts ......................
    Upholstery and trim ........
    Textile carpeting..............
    Washing the car ..............

    179
    180
    182
    192
    198
    202
    206
    206
    207
    208
    208
    209

    Waxing and polishing......
    Engine compartment .......
    Touching up the paint .....
    Anticorrosion treatment ..
    For long trips....................
    Recovery and/or recycling
    of automotive materials.
    Headlamp aiming .............

    209
    210
    210
    211
    213
    213
    214



  • Page 166

    166

    Car care and technical information

    Hood release handle

    WARNING
    Make sure not to hold your fingers
    between the hood and the hood safety
    catch if you lay the hood down but not
    closing it.
    In cold weather, when the mechanism is
    stiff, the hood might need to be released
    from twice the height to lock properly.
    Check that the hood is now closed securely.

    IB486

    1 Pull the release handle.
    2 The front of the hood will now spring up,
    providing access to the secondary
    safety catch.
    3 Push the catch upwards, lifting the hood
    at the same time. The hood can now be
    lifted right up.
    To close the hood, release it from a height
    of about 8 in (20 cm). Do not press down on
    it.

    IB487

    The hood release handle is located underneath the instrument panel. To open the
    hood:

    Hood release handle

    Hood secondary safety catch



  • Page 167

    Car care and technical information

    Engine compartment, 4-cyl. engine
    Engine compartment, 4-cyl. engine

    10

    9

    2

    8

    7

    3

    4

    6

    5
    IB488

    1

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8
    9
    10

    Engine-oil dipstick/filler cap
    Reservoir, brake/clutch fluid
    Fuse box
    Expansion tank, coolant
    Washer-fluid filler cap
    Battery
    Dipstick, automatic transmission fluid
    Turbo unit
    Ignition discharge module
    Reservoir, power-steering fluid

    167



  • Page 168

    168

    Car care and technical information

    Engine compartment, 6-cyl. engine
    Engine compartment, 6-cyl. engine

    10

    2

    9

    3

    8

    4

    5

    7

    6
    IB576

    1

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8
    9
    10

    Engine-oil dipstick
    Engine-oil filler cap
    Reservoir, brake/clutch fluid
    Fuse box
    Expansion tank, coolant
    Washer-fluid filler cap
    Battery
    Dipstick, automatic transmission fluid
    Ignition discharge module
    Reservoir, power-steering fluid



  • Page 169

    Car care and technical information
    Engine families
    Saab cars imported into the United States
    and Canada meet all applicable emission
    control standards. The engine family and
    appropriate tune-up specifications are identified on a label affixed to the left front inner
    fender.
    These engine families meet applicable EPA
    Federal Standards, California State Standards and Canadian Federal Standards and
    are equipped with the following systems:






    Sequential multiport fuel injection system.
    Three way catalytic converter.
    Crankcase emissions control system.
    Evaporative emission control system.
    On-Board diagnostic (OBD II) system.

    Emission control
    systems
    The systems for controlling emissions to the
    atmosphere require regular checking and
    adjustment at the intervals specified in the
    service program.
    In addition to meeting the exhaust emission
    regulations and thereby helping to keep the
    environment clean, a correctly tuned engine
    will also give maximum fuel economy.

    Saab Trionic engine management
    system
    The Saab Trionic engine management
    system is a unique Saab development that
    combines sequential multiport fuel injection,
    electronic distributorless ignition and turbocharger boost pressure control into one system.
    The Trionic engine control module (ECM)
    monitors many different engine parameters
    such as:
    • Intake manifold pressure.
    • Intake air temperature.
    • Crankshaft position.
    • Engine coolant temperature.
    • Throttle position and
    • The oxygen content of the exhaust gases.
    The ECM receives information regarding
    engine knocking from a sophisticated feedback function in the ignition discharge unit.
    By processing all of this information, the Trionic system can control fuel injector open-

    169

    ing duration, ignition timing and turbocharger boost pressure to provide excellent
    engine performance while maintaining low
    emissions and fuel consumption.

    NOTE
    The Trionic engine management systems
    continuously monitors the operation of
    these systems and have on-board diagnostic capabilities (OBD II).
    If the “Engine malfunction” lamp
    in
    the main instrument illuminates, this indicates that the Trionic ECM has detected
    a problem. The car will continue to operate, but performance may be diminished.
    You should have your car checked by a
    Saab dealer as soon as possible.



  • Page 170

    Car care and technical information

    ORVR (Onboard Refueling Vapor
    Recovery)

    Engine

    Hydrocarbon vapors formed when refueling
    will be recovered by the car and not
    released into the atmosphere. The hydrocarbons are absorbed in a evaporative
    emission canister. When the engine is subsequently started, the evaporative emission
    canister is gradually purged as air is sucked
    into it through a shut-off valve. The hydrocarbon/air mixture passes through the evap
    canister purge valve and into the engine
    where it is burned.
    When refueling, make sure you screw the
    filler cap on and keep turning until it has
    clicked at least 3 times. Otherwise, it is possible for the CHECK ENGINE light to illuminate and a “TIGHTEN FUEL FILLER CAP“
    message to appear on SID.
    Refueling, see page 134.

    2.3-liter engine
    The 2.3-liter model is a transverse, 4-cylinder in-line engine with twin overhead camshafts and 4 valves per cylinder.
    This engine is equipped with balance shafts
    that reduce engine vibration to a minimum.
    The balance shafts are chain driven and
    rotate at twice the speed of the crankshaft.
    They produce forces and torques that are
    opposed to those generated by the pistons
    and connecting rods, an effect that occurs
    twice for each revolution of the engine.
    Engine noise is also reduced as the
    counter-rotating shafts counteract the vibration from the moving parts of the engine.
    The transmission, located on the right
    (viewed from the front), is integrated with
    the engine. All models have front-wheel
    drive.

    IB601

    170

    Balance shafts, 4-cyl. engine

    3.0-liter V6 engine
    The 3.0-liter engine is a transverse, V6
    engine with each bank of cylinders having
    double overhead camshafts and 4 valves
    per cylinder.
    The transmission, located on the right
    (viewed from the front), is integrated with
    the engine. All models have front-wheel
    drive.



  • Page 171

    Car care and technical information

    171

    Engine oil
    Checking the oil level

    IB491

    IB1123

    Check the engine-oil level regularly. This
    should be done after the engine has been
    run to normal temperature and then allowed
    to cool for 2–5 minutes, with the car standing on level ground. Remove the dipstick
    and wipe it clean before checking the level.

    Engine-oil filler cap and dipstick,
    4-cylinder engine

    Engine-oil dipstick and filler cap,
    V6 engine

    4-cylinder engine

    V6 engine

    The oil level must not be allowed to drop
    below the MIN mark on the dipstick, nor
    should oil be filled beyond the MAX mark, as
    this can lead to excessive oil consumption.
    The distance between the MIN and MAX
    marks on the dipstick corresponds to a
    volume of approximately 1.05 qts (1 liter).
    When necessary, add oil of the recommended grade via the dipstick tube.

    The oil level must not be allowed to drop
    below the MIN mark on the dipstick, nor
    should oil be filled beyond the MAX mark, as
    this can lead to excessive oil consumption.
    The distance between the MIN and MAX
    marks on the dipstick corresponds to a
    volume of approximately 1.05 qts (1 liter).
    Top up, as necessary, with oil of the recommended grade.



  • Page 172

    172

    Car care and technical information

    Oil changing
    NOTE

    IB493

    Change of engine oil and oil filter may be
    required more frequently (5000-mile
    intervals (8,000 km)) if any one of the following conditions apply to the car:

    Drain plug and oil filter, 4-cylinder engine

    • Most trips are less than 5 to 10 miles (8
    to 16 km). This is particularly important
    when outside temperatures are below
    freezing.
    • Most trips include extensive idling
    (such as frequent stop-and-go driving).
    • Most trips are through dusty areas.
    • You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top of your vehicle.
    • If the vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi or other commercial
    applications.

    Drain plug and oil filter, V6 engine

    IB494

    The engine oil must be changed in accordance with the service program, see page
    218.
    Oil volume and grade, see page 229.
    Oil changing should be carried out on a
    warm engine. Unscrew the drain plug in the
    bottom of the sump and leave the oil to drain
    into an oil tray or other suitable receptacle
    for at least ten minutes. Take care, as the oil
    may be hot.
    After the oil has been drained, unscrew and
    remove the oil filter. Fit a new filter and
    tighten it by hand before adding new oil.
    Refit the drain plug with a new washer.
    Run the engine to normal temperature and
    check the oil level.



  • Page 173

    Car care and technical information

    Transmission fluid
    • Prolonged and repeated exposure of
    the skin to engine oil can cause serious skin disorders.
    • Avoid prolonged skin contact whenever possible. Wash the affected area
    thoroughly with soap and water after
    any contact.

    Manual transmission
    Check and top up the fluid in accordance
    with the service program.
    If original fluid cannot can be obtained for
    topping up (see page 231), automatic transmission fluid Dexron III (synthetic fluid) can
    be used. If so, the car should be taken to an
    authorized Saab dealer as soon as possible
    to have the reason for low fluid level corrected and original fluid installed.

    • Keep oil out of reach of children.

    Automatic transmission

    • Do not touch the turbocharger or
    manifold. These get very hot when the
    engine has been running.

    Check the fluid level as follows:

    • Do not spill oil on hot parts of the
    engine as this could cause a fire.
    • Protect the environment. Do not dispose of oil in the ground or down a
    drain. Dispose of all used oil and oil filters at an appropriate disposal facility.

    MAX
    +80°

    1 Stand the car on level ground and apply
    the handbrake. The automatic transmission fluid must be at normal running temperature, approximately 175°F (80°C).
    This can be achieved by driving the car
    for about 30 min on the open road.
    2 With the engine idling, move the selector
    lever to D and wait for at least
    15 seconds. Next, move the selector
    lever to R and wait for 15 seconds again.
    Finally, move the selector lever to P. Let
    the engine idle.
    3 Wipe the dipstick clean with a lint-free
    cloth and put it back.
    4 With the fluid at normal temperature, the
    level should be between the MAX and
    MIN marks on the dipstick. Top up, as
    necessary, with Texaco Texamatic
    Dexron III automatic transmission fluid
    (mineral oil-based), adding it through
    the dipstick pipe. The distance between

    +80°
    MIN
    IB495

    WARNING

    173

    Dipstick for automatic-transmission fluid
    the MIN and MAX marks on the dipstick
    corresponds to a volume of approximately 0.4 qts (0.4 liter).

    NOTE
    If there is a smell of burning fluid or the
    fluid is black, change the fluid.
    If the outside temperature is below 50°F
    (10°C), the fluid will not reach the specified
    temperature of 175°F (80°C). In this case,
    the correct fluid level may be 0.8 in (20 mm)
    below the MAX mark.



  • Page 174

    174

    Car care and technical information

    Coolant

    The corrosion-inhibiting properties of the
    coolant deteriorate over time, but
    Saab-approved coolant can be used for
    year-round protection. Change the coolant
    as specified in the service program and use
    only Saab-approved coolant – other makes
    may need changing more frequently and
    may damage the system.

    WARNING

    The expansion tank is transparent to facilitate checking of the coolant level.
    When the engine is cold, the coolant must
    not lie over the KALT/COLD mark on the
    expansion tank.
    If the message “FILL COOLANT FLUID” is
    displayed on the SID, check the level of fluid
    in the expansion tank.
    Top up, as necessary, with equal parts of
    clean water and Saab-approved coolant.
    If the expansion tank is empty when coolant
    is added, run the engine to normal temperature and top up again, as necessary.

    NOTE
    IB1338

    • Proceed with caution if the radiator is
    boiling when you open the hood.
    Never remove the expansion-tank
    filler cap when the radiator is boiling.
    Loosen the cap carefully, and let the
    engine cool before removing the cap.
    • The cooling system is pressurized –
    hot coolant and vapor can escape
    when the filler cap is released.

    Coolant expansion tank

    Coolant
    The cooling system is charged at the factory
    with coolant containing a 50% concentration of a combined antifreeze and corrosion
    inhibitor. A weaker mixture will result in
    reduced anticorrosion protection. For protection against freezing in very cold
    weather, a stronger concentration will be
    needed.
    A 60% concentration of antifreeze will provide protection at temperatures down to
    -58 F (-50°C).

    Always mix the antifreeze with the
    appropriate volume of water before
    adding it to the cooling system.
    If pure antifreeze is added, the engine
    could still freeze and be damaged. This is
    because the antifreeze will not mix
    properly with the coolant before the
    thermostat has opened to allow full
    circulation.



  • Page 175

    Car care and technical information

    175

    Changing the coolant

    IB498

    1 If the engine is hot, open the expansion-tank filler cap carefully to release
    the pressure, but do not remove it completely. Place a suitable receptacle
    under the radiator and undo the draincock.
    2 Remove the filler cap on the expansion
    tank.
    3 The system takes about two minutes to
    drain. Close the draincock.
    4 Mix the antifreeze and water to the
    required strength in a suitable container.
    Use only Saab-approved coolant.
    5 Add the coolant slowly to the expansion
    tank. This will take about two minutes,
    as the air needs time to escape.
    6 Screw on the filler cap and fully tighten
    the drain cook. Run the engine to normal
    temperature. Top up the coolant, as necessary, until the level is just below the
    MAX mark on the tank.
    7 Check the coolant again after a few days
    and top up as necessary.

    IB1188

    (Usually carried out as part of the Saab original service by an authorized Saab dealer)

    Radiator draincock

    Brake and clutch-fluid reservoir

    Brake and clutch fluid
    WARNING
    Brake fluid deteriorates as it becomes
    old. Because it is hygroscopic, it absorbs
    water from the air and, in time, could allow
    vapor to form in the brake system, thus
    reducing its performance. It is therefore
    important that brake fluid be changed regularly, as specified in the service program.

    Checking the fluid level
    The combined brake and clutch-fluid reservoir is transparent to facilitate checking of
    the fluid level.



  • Page 176

    Car care and technical information

    The level should be between the MAX and
    MIN marks. Top up, as necessary, with
    DOT 4 fluid. Do not use DOT 5 brake fluid.
    Use only new brake fluid from a sealed container.
    Check that there are no leaks in the brake
    system.
    The brake fluid level will fall somewhat as
    the brake pads wear. The MAX level in the
    reservoir corresponds to the amount of
    brake fluid required with new brake pads. If
    the fall in fluid level is moderate, due to
    normal brake pad wear, topping up is not
    necessary.
    Changing of the brake fluid should be
    carried out by an authorized Saab dealer.
    The vehicle´s regular braking system is
    adjusted automatically, but the parking
    brake has to be adjusted manually. This
    work, involving adjustment of the parking
    brake cables and brake pads, must only be
    carried out by an authorized Saab dealer.
    It is not possible to detect, through abnormal
    pedal or parking brake-lever travel, whether
    brake pads are worn and need replacing. It
    is therefore essential that brake pads be
    checked regularly, as specified in the service program.

    Brake pad wear indicators
    The outboard brake pads on the front
    wheels incorporate pad-wear indicators.
    When the lining is down to 0.11 in (3 mm),
    the pad will produce a screeching, squealing or scraping noise when the brakes are
    applied. New pads should be fitted without
    delay.
    Brake pads should only be changed by
    an authorized Saab dealer. To ensure
    optimum brake performance, use only
    Saab original brake pads.

    IB501

    176

    Power steering fluid reservoir

    Power steering fluid
    Check the level of the power steering fluid in
    the reservoir regularly, in accordance with
    the service program.
    The wheels should point forward during the
    check.
    Clean around the cap before it is
    unscrewed. Clean the dipstick. Screw in the
    cap completely again before checking the
    level.
    The oil should lie between the MAX and MIN
    marks when the oil temperature is about
    70°F (+20°C). If the oil is colder the level can
    be lower, and in higher temperatures the
    level can be higher, both of which are
    acceptable.
    Top up with ”Power Steering Fluid
    CHF 11S” (part number 3032380).



  • Page 177

    Car care and technical information

    WARNING
    • The battery emits hydrogen which,
    when mixed with the oxygen in the air,
    forms a highly explosive gas. Avoid
    causing sparks and keep open flames
    well away from the vicinity of the battery.
    • The battery contains corrosive sulfuric
    acid. Always wear a face mask or
    goggles when working on the battery.
    • If battery acid gets into the eyes or
    splashes the skin or clothing, wash
    affected area liberally with water.
    If acid gets into the eyes or a large
    quantity makes contact with the skin,
    seek medical help.

    The battery is provided with a cover to protect it from radiated heat. If the battery is
    exposed to high temperatures, its life will be
    shortened. To remove the cover, pry out the
    edge a little, located at the rear of the cover.
    The cover fits the standard battery installed
    in the car. If a new battery is to be fitted,
    make sure that its dimensions are the same
    as the standard one.
    The fluid level and the charge level should
    be checked regularly.
    The best way to check the charge is to use
    a hydrometer.

    NOTE
    Never use tap water to top up the battery.
    Tap water contains salts and minerals that
    accelerate the corrosion of the battery electrodes, which can shorten the life of the battery.
    The specific gravity of the electrolyte when
    the battery is fully charged is 1.28. A specific
    gravity of 1.18 roughly indicates a 50%
    charge (see also page 230).

    NOTE
    A discharged battery can freeze and fracture. Batteries should therefore always be
    stored away from frost.

    IB1173

    Battery

    177

    Correct fluid level in battery
    If frequent short journeys are made, the battery may need to be given a booster charge.
    This can be done either using a battery
    charger or by taking the car for a long run.
    A car with a standard equipment specification and a fully charged battery can be left
    for up to 40 days and still have a sufficient
    charge for starting. If extra equipment is fitted, such as a car phone, the charge may
    only be sufficient for about 15 days.



  • Page 178

    178

    Car care and technical information

    Charging/replacing the battery
    NOTE

    NOTE
    • Never reverse the polarity of the battery by connecting the leads to the
    wrong terminals. The red, positive
    lead connects to the positive (+) terminal, and the black, negative lead to the
    negative (-) terminal.
    • Serious damage can be done to the
    car’s electrical system if a battery or
    alternator lead is disconnected while
    the engine is running.
    • The nut on the battery clamp should
    be tightened to a torque of 10 Nm.

    Battery

    IB564

    Connect the positive lead to the positive (+)
    battery terminal (red), and the negative lead
    to a good ground point, e.g. the lifting lug at
    the front of the engine.
    To remove the battery, always disconnect
    the negative (black) lead first and reconnect
    it last when fitting the new battery.
    The battery size must comply with DIN
    53735 MFI 230/2.16.

    IB1125

    To avert the danger of short-circuiting
    between the positive (+) terminal on the
    battery and the inlet manifold on the
    engine, always disconnect the negative
    (-) battery lead first and reconnect it last.

    Correct position for battery clamp



  • Page 179

    Car care and technical information

    179

    Drive belts
    WARNING

    NOTE
    Serious damage can be done to the car’s
    electrical system if an alternator lead is
    disconnected while the engine is running.
    The belt tension is critical and is adjusted
    automatically by the belt tensioner.
    See also page 47, ”Warning, charging”.

    IB542

    The alternator is situated on the right-hand
    side of the engine, adjacent to the bulkhead.
    It is driven via a Poly-Vee-belt from the
    crankshaft pulley.
    The Poly-Vee-belt also drives the water
    pump, the A/C compressor and the steering
    servo pump.

    IB543

    • Keep hands and clothing well clear of
    drive belts when engine is running.
    • Always stop engine before inspecting
    drive belts.

    Routing of the Poly-Vee-belt:
    4-cylinder engine with A/C

    Routing of the Poly-Vee-belt:
    V6 engine with A/C



  • Page 180

    180

    Car care and technical information

    Wipers and washers

    1

    Changing the windshield wiper
    blades
    Lift the wiper arm off the windshield
    1 Depress the catch.
    2 Pull the complete blade assembly down
    to free it from the wiper arm, and then lift
    it off the arm.

    IB505

    2

    IB506

    Check and clean all wiper blades regularly.
    We recommend Saab washer fluid for
    cleaning.
    If poor wiper performance is experienced,
    clean the windshield with Saab washer fluid.
    This is particularly important if the car has
    been through an automatic car wash, as
    these sometimes leave a wax coating on the
    windshield.
    If wiper performance is still unsatisfactory,
    fit new blades.

    Changing headlamp-wiper blades
    1 Lift the wiper arm off the headlamp.
    2 Release the wiper blade by pulling it
    straight down, at right angles to the
    wiper arm.
    To fit the new blade, slot the blade into the
    retainer on the wiper arm, and press it firmly
    home.



  • Page 181

    Car care and technical information

    181

    Washers
    The washer-fluid reservoir holds 6.4 quarts
    (6 liters). When "WASHER FLUID LEVEL
    LOW" comes up on the SID, the reservoir is
    down to about 1 quart (1 liter) of fluid. Add
    at least 50% of washer- fluid to water to prevent freezing and for effective cleaning.

    Washer jets

    IB507

    IB1126

    The washer jets can be adjusted and, if
    necessary, unclogged by means of a pin.

    Washer-fluid filler cap

    Cleaning/adjusting the washer jets



  • Page 182

    182

    Car care and technical information

    Changing bulbs
    WARNING

    Check that the new bulb is working when finished.
    Some bulbs are of the ”Long-Life” type. Make sure the same type is
    fitted when changing one of these.
    Headlamp aiming, see page 214.

    IB510

    Before changing a bulb in the engine bay, switch off the engine to
    avoid danger of fingers and hands being injured by moving parts.
    The radiator fan can start up even when the engine is switched off.

    Headlamp bulb for high beam
    NOTE
    • Do not fit bulbs with a higher rating than 55 W.
    • Switch off the ignition before changing a bulb, to avoid possible
    short-circuiting.
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6

    Unscrew the cover from the back of the lamp unit.
    Unplug the connector.
    To remove the spring clip, push it in and then move it to the right.
    Remove the bulb.
    Without touching the glass with your fingers, insert the new bulb.
    Line up the bulb with the guide in the reflector and secure it with
    the spring clip.
    7 Plug in the connector.
    8 Screw on the cover.



  • Page 183

    Car care and technical information

    183

    Headlamp bulb for low beam

    IB509

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6

    Unscrew the cover from the back of the lamp unit.
    Unplug the connector.
    To remove the spring clip, push it in and then move it to the right.
    Remove the bulb.
    Without touching the glass with your fingers, insert the new bulb.
    Line up the bulb with the guide in the reflector and secure it with
    the spring clip.
    7 Plug in the connector.
    8 Screw on the cover.



  • Page 184

    184

    Car care and technical information

    1

    1

    2

    3

    Parking-light bulb

    Front fog lights and cornering lights

    Front turn signal bulb

    1 Front fog light
    2 Cornering light

    1 Retaining screw
    2 Bayonet pin
    3 Plastic lugs

    Parking-light bulb
    The parking-light bulb is adjacent to the bulb
    for low beam.
    1 Unscrew the cover from the back of the
    lamp unit.
    2 Withdraw the bulb holder.
    3 Change the bulb.

    IB1128

    IB511

    IB1127

    2

    Front fog lights / cornering lights

    Front turn signal bulbs

    1 From under the front bumper, grip the
    bulb holder and twist counterclockwise.
    2 Unplug the connector.
    3 Change the bulb.
    Refit in the reverse order.

    To change the bulb, the complete lamp unit
    has to be removed.

    WARNING
    Never crawl under a car that is supported
    only by a jack.

    1 Loosen the screw (1). There is no need
    to remove it completely.
    2 Carefully pull out the lamp unit.
    3 The bulb holder has a bayonet fitting.
    Grip the holder and twist it counterclockwise.
    4 Withdraw the bulb holder from the lamp
    unit.
    5 The bulb also has a bayonet fitting.
    Press in the bulb and twist it counterclockwise.
    6 Fit the new bulb and check that it is correctly seated.



  • Page 185

    Car care and technical information

    1 4

    185

    4 1
    6

    IB516

    2 3

    Rear light cluster, 9-5 Sedan
    The bulbs for the lamps in the rear light cluster are accessed from the luggage compartment.

    Rear light clusters
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5

    Direction indicators
    Tail lights
    Stop lights
    Reversing lights
    Rear fog light

    4

    1 Lower the flap (Velcro fastening).
    2 Squeeze the two plastic lugs and
    remove the bulb holder.
    3 The bulb has a bayonet fitting. Press in
    the bulb and twist it counterclockwise.
    4 Change the bulb.

    4

    1

    1
    6

    2 3

    2

    5

    2

    2 3
    IB1234

    When refitting the lamp unit, check that the
    bayonet pin and the two plastic lugs engage
    their respective slots. Hold the lamp unit in
    position, and tighten the screw (1).

    2 3

    IB1296

    IB1129

    5



  • Page 186

    186

    Car care and technical information

    2

    3

    3

    2

    IB517

    Trunk lid light and taillights,
    9-5 Sedan
    Before changing bulbs in the trunk, you
    must first release the trim at the foot of the
    trunk. This involves removing the handle
    and the three trim fasteners (studs).
    1 Unscrew the handle on the inside of the
    tailgate.
    2 Using the peg in the top of the screwdriver handle, push in the button in the
    centre of the studs.
    3 Remove the studs.
    Changing bulbs
    1 Squeeze the plastic lug and electrical
    connector together and remove the bulb
    holder.

    2 The bulb has a bayonet fitting. Press in
    the bulb and twist it counterclockwise.
    3 Change the bulb.
    Refitting the trim
    1 Reset the studs by pushing back the
    center buttons so that they protrude by
    0.2 inch (5 mm).
    2 Insert the studs through the trim and tailgate panel. Press the center buttons in,
    flush with the collar.
    3 Screw the handle back onto the trunk.

    IB519

    IB518

    1

    High-mounted stop lights
    1Panel
    2Retaining clips
    3Bulbs

    High-mounted stop lights, 9-5 Sedan
    The bulbs can be accessed after the panel
    in the rear headlining has been removed.
    1 Remove the panel by carefully pushing
    in the two clips, one at the time.
    2 Release the bulb holder, which is
    retained by a clip at either end.
    3 Withdraw the bulb gently straight back.
    4 Push in the new bulb.
    5 Refit the bulb holder.
    6 Replace the panel by carefully pushing
    the panel towards the headlining so that
    the two clips engage their respective
    slot.



  • Page 187

    Tailgate bulbs, 9-5 Wagon
    1 Turn the lock a quarter turn (90°) with a
    screwdriver or the ignition key.
    2 Open and remove the cover.
    3 Take out the bulb holder by twisting it
    slightly counterlockwise.
    4 Press in the bulb and twist it
    counterclockwise.
    5 Change the bulb.
    6 Check that the new bulb is working.

    Reassembly:
    1 Place the two “hinges” in the recess in
    the tailgate.
    2 Then push the “hinges” into the recess
    and close the cover.
    3 Turn the lock a quarter turn.

    187

    IB1229

    IB1228

    IB1227

    Car care and technical information

    Rear lights clusters, 9-5 Wagon
    1 Open the tailgate.
    2 Remove the two covers and undo the
    screws.
    3 Grip the screw mounting and pull the
    whole lamp unit sideways until it is
    loose (it can be quite tight).
    4 Take out the bulb holder by twisting it
    slightly counterclockwise.
    5 Press in the bulb and twist it counterclockwise.
    6 Change the bulb.
    7 Check that the new bulb works.



  • Page 188

    Car care and technical information

    Reassembly:
    1 Locate the two front attachments and
    press the front part of the light unit
    straight into the body panel.
    2 Tighten the screws and replace the
    cover.

    Loading lighting, 9-5 Wagon
    1 Pull down the glass cover at the outer
    edge.
    2 Bend one of the contacts so that the
    bulb can be removed.
    3 Change the bulb.
    On refitting, insert the connector-end of the
    lamp fitting first.

    IB520

    IB1335

    IB1230

    188

    License-plate light
    1 Undo the two screws and remove the
    lamp glass.
    2 Withdraw the bulb.
    3 Change the bulb.
    4 Check the seal before fitting the glass.



  • Page 189

    Side direction indicators
    1 Slide the lamp fitting forward and pull out
    the back.
    2 Remove the bulb.
    3 Change the bulb.
    On refitting, make sure that the spring in the
    lamp fitting engages the edge of the opening in the body panel.

    Courtesy lights (doors and floor)
    and luggage-compartment lighting
    1 Insert a screwdriver carefully into the
    slot in the end of the lamp fitting. Ease
    the fitting off to gain access to the bulb.
    2 Bend out one of the contacts and
    remove the bulb.
    3 Change the bulb.
    On refitting, insert the connector-end of the
    lamp fitting first.

    189

    IB523

    IB522

    IB521

    Car care and technical information

    Dome light, front
    1 Ease the leading edge of the glass out
    of the overhead panel by inserting a
    small screwdriver alternately in each of
    the two slots.
    2 Release one of the contacts and remove
    the bulb.
    3 Fit the new bulb.



  • Page 190

    190

    Car care and technical information
    Other bulbs

    IB524

    IB525

    If any other bulbs need changing, you are
    advised to take the car to an authorized
    Saab dealer.

    Dome light, rear
    1 Remove the entire overhead panel:
    ease out the trailing end first, and then
    both front edges.
    2 Fit the new bulb.

    Glove-compartment illumination
    1 Insert a small screwdriver in the slot in
    the end of the lamp fitting and ease it out
    to gain access to the bulb.
    2 Bend out one of the contacts and
    remove the bulb.
    3 Fit the new bulb.
    On refitting, insert the connector-end of the
    lamp fitting first.



  • Page 191

    Car care and technical information

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    191

    Bulb table

    7

    8

    9

    10

    #

    Wattage Cap

    1

    55

    H7

    2

    55

    H1

    Fog light

    3

    21

    Ba 15s

    Reversing lamp; side reversing
    lamp; rear fog lamp; cornering lamp

    4

    21/5

    BAY 15d

    Stop/tail lamp

    5

    PY 21 yel BAU 15s

    Direction indicator, front/rear

    6

    10

    SV 8.5

    Dome light; luggage compartment

    7

    5

    SV 8.5

    Dome light, front; glove compartment; courtesy lights; safety belt
    reminder

    8

    5 halogen

    9

    4

    Headlamp

    Reading light, overhead panel
    Ba9

    Reading light, rear

    10 5

    W 2.1 x
    9.5d

    Side indicators; high-mounted stop
    light (9-5 Sedan); parking lights;
    number-plate illumination

    11 1,2

    W 2 x 4.6d Switches; front ashtray

    11

    NOTE
    IB1336

    6

    Do not interchange. Always use the correct Wattage bulb according to application.
    A special kit containing spare bulbs and fuses is available as an
    accessory from your Saab dealer.



  • Page 192

    Car care and technical information

    Fuses

    WARNING

    The fuses are housed in two fuse panels:
    one at the end of the instrument panel on the
    driver’s side, and one under the hood.
    To check if a fuse has blown, first remove it
    from the panel (see below). If the filament is
    broken, the fuse has blown.
    A special tool for removing fuses is provided
    at the bottom of the fuse panel. Simply push
    the tool onto the fuse, squeeze and remove
    the fuse.

    To avert the risk of short-circuiting and/or
    fire breaking out in the electrical system,
    the following advice should be heeded:
    • Always consult an authorized Saab
    dealer before modifying or adding any
    electrical equipment. Failure to do so
    can result in the electrical system
    being damaged.
    • Never replace a fuse with one having
    a higher/lower rating than specified
    (see page 194). The color of the fuse
    indicates its amperage.

    IB527

    192

    Fuse panel in instrument panel

    • If the same fuse blows repeatedly,
    have the electrical system checked by
    an authorized Saab dealer.

    Fuse box under the hood

    IB528

    IB144

    Sound fuse / Blown fuse



  • Page 193

    Car care and technical information

    IB529

    DICE / TWICE

    Maxi fuses under the hood

    Maxi fuses
    The Maxi fuses are housed in the fuse box
    under the hood. These fuses can be
    checked in the same way as the other fuses.
    The Maxi fuses are designed to protect the
    car’s electrical system from being damaged. Each Maxi fuse protects a number of
    electrical circuits and functions and therefore has a higher rating (amperage) than the
    standard fuses. No spare Maxi fuses are
    supplied with the car.

    NOTE
    If a Maxi fuse blows, it means that there
    is a major fault in the electrical system.
    Have the car checked without delay by
    an authorized Saab dealer.

    DICE = Dashboard Integrated Central Electronics
    TWICE = Theft-Warning Central Electronics
    DICE and TWICE are electronic control
    modules that monitor and control a variety
    of functions, including:
    DICE controls (among other things):
    • Front lights and interior lighting.
    • Instrument illumination.
    • Intermittent wiper operation.
    • Electric heating of rear window and door
    mirrors.
    • Cooling fans.
    TWICE controls (among other things):
    • Central locking.
    • Car alarm (Anti-theft system).
    • Engine immobilizer.
    • Autochecking of lights.
    • Electric heating of rear seat.
    • Safety belt reminder.
    • Electrically adjustable passenger seat.

    193

    The DICE and TWICE control modules are
    linked to a data bus, which is basically an
    information carrier that allows information to
    be exchanged between all the control modules and components connected to the bus.
    If a fault occurs in any of these components,
    diagnostic faults codes are set in the relevant control module, which facilitates fault
    diagnosis at the Saab dealer.
    The scan tool connector for fault diagnosis
    is located under the instrument panel on the
    drivers side.



  • Page 194

    194

    Car care and technical information

    AB C 1 2

    3

    4

    5 6

    8

    15

    Trunk lighting; door lighting; SID; car phone

    9

    15

    Audio System; diagnostic instrument

    10

    15

    Memory function, door mirrors; heating, rear seat

    11

    30

    Central locking; electrically adjusted passenger seat

    6B 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

    12

    52 16B 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

    13

    20

    Audio System, amplifier

    53 54 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

    14

    30

    Ignition system, engine

    15

    15

    Preheated oxygen sensor (catalytic converter)

    16

    20

    DICE (direction indicators)

    16B





    17

    20

    Engine-management system

    55 32 33 34 35 36

    IB530

    56 37 38 39

    18

    Fuse panel in instrument panel

    7,5 Automatic transmission

    7,5 Door-mirror heating

    19

    20

    Fuel pump

    Amp Function

    20

    15

    ACC; interior lighting; rear fog light

    A

    25

    Trailer lights

    21

    10

    B

    10

    Automatic transmission

    Audio System; rear-view mirror with auto dimming
    function

    22

    40

    Interior fan; air pump (V6 only)

    23

    15

    Sunroof

    24

    40

    Rear-window heating

    25

    30

    Electrically adjustable driver’s seat; fuel-filler flap

    #

    C
    1

    7,5 Electric door mirrors; DICE
    15

    Brake lights; shift-lock override

    2

    15

    Reversing lights

    3

    10

    Parking lights, left

    4
    5
    6
    6B
    7

    30

    Parking lights, right

    7,5 DICE / TWICE
    30
    5
    10

    Electric windows, right
    Stop lights, trailer
    Fuel injection

    26
    27
    28

    7,5 ABS brakes; ACC
    10

    Engine-management system

    7,5 Airbag (SRS)

    29

    7,5 Automatic transmission

    30

    7,5 Starter motor



  • Page 195

    Car care and technical information
    31
    32
    33

    7,5 Cruise control; water valve
    15

    Ventilated front seats

    A

    7,5 Direction-indicator switch

    34

    30

    Cigarette lighter

    35

    15

    Daytime running light

    36

    30

    Electric windows, left

    37

    30

    Windshield wipers; fog lights, front

    38

    30

    Electric heating, front seats

    39

    20

    Limp-home solenoid (automatic transmission)

    D
    G

    E

    F

    H

    I

    J
    K

    Function

    A
    B

    L

    Spare fuses

    Relay panel under instrument panel
    #

    C

    B

    IB531

    52-5
    6

    195

    Electric heating of rear seat

    C
    D
    E

    Main relay (engine management system)

    F

    Fuel filler flap

    Relay panel under instrument panel (cont.)
    G
    H
    I
    J
    K
    L

    Fuel pump
    Ignition switch
    Rear-window / door mirrors heating
    Reversing lights
    Starter relay
    Limp-home function



  • Page 196

    196

    Car care and technical information

    Fuse box under hood
    Fuses
    3

    1

    2

    Amp Function
    60

    2





    3

    15

    Horn

    4

    10

    Rear window wiper (9-5 Wagon)

    5

    15

    Fog lights (front spoiler)

    6

    30

    Radiator fan, high speed

    7

    15

    Low beam headlight, right

    8

    15

    High beam headlight, right

    9

    15

    Low beam headlight, left

    10

    15

    High beam headlight, left

    11

    10

    Headlight beam-length adjustment (certain markets
    only); headlamp washers / wipers

    12

    5.1

    ABS (Maxi fuse)

    Spotlights (accessory)

    13

    15

    Autochecking of lights

    14

    10

    A/C; car alarm siren

    15

    30

    Radiator fan

    16





    17





    18





    9

    11

    5.2

    8

    7

    18 17 16 15 10.1
    6 5 4 3

    13

    2

    12

    1
    14 13 12 11

    10 9 8 7

    IB532

    #



  • Page 197

    Car care and technical information
    Relays
    #

    Function

    1

    Washer, front/rear

    2

    Low beam headlight

    3

    High beam headlight

    4

    Extra lights (accessory)

    5.1

    Horn

    5.2

    – –

    6

    Wiper, rear (9-5 Wagon)

    7

    Radiator fan, low speed

    8

    Radiator fan, high speed, left fan

    9

    A/C-compressor

    10.1

    Front fog lights

    10.2

    Headlamp wipers

    11

    Windshield wipers

    12

    Radiator fan, high speed, right fan

    13

    Autochecking of headlights

    197



  • Page 198

    198

    Car care and technical information

    Wheels
    Alternative wheels and tires
    If you wish to fit other tires or wheels than
    those supplied with the car, consult your
    Saab dealer first as to the possibilities available.
    Wheels/tires combinations that are not
    approved by Saab can negatively affect the
    car´s directional stability, steering and braking in both wet and dry conditions.
    Do not assume that a wheel/tire combination will function properly just because it will
    bolt on.

    NOTE
    For wide wheels and/or low-profile tires,
    bear in mind the following:
    • Tires and wheels can be damaged in
    potholes etc.
    • Springs and dampers can be overloaded.
    • The wheels can come into contact with
    chassis and body components.
    • The speed and load limits for the tires
    must not be exceeded; see page 199.
    • Wheels larger than 17” must not be fitted. The maximum permissible offset
    is 49 mm.

    The wheels and tires have been carefully
    matched to the characteristics of the car and
    play a key role in its outstanding roadholding and handling.

    Tire pressure
    NOTE
    Check the tire pressures at least once
    per month.
    Underinflation is the main cause of:
    • Tires wearing out prematurely.
    • Damage to the sidewalls.
    • Damage to the wheels.
    Tires need to be inflated to suit the load carried and the maximum speed the car will be
    driven (see the recommended tire pressures on the back cover). Note that all
    values apply to cold tires. For tires with an
    aspect ratio less than /60, increase the tire
    pressure by 3 psi (20 kPa) for rough roads
    with potholes to minimize the risk of rim
    damage.

    Never reduce the pressure of a hot tire. If the
    tires are hot when you check them, only
    increase the pressure, if necessary.
    Soft tires will cause faster wear than
    over-pressurized tires. They also increase
    fuel consumption.
    If a valve is leaking, simply unscrew it and fit
    a new one.
    Important! Remember to adjust the tire
    pressures if you change the load in the car
    or intend to cruise at a substantially higher
    or lower speed than normal.



  • Page 199

    Car care and technical information
    Rotating tires
    WARNING
    When fitting just one new pair of tires,
    these should be fitted to the rear wheels,
    as these are more critical to the directional stability of the car (e.g. on braking
    or in a skid). The existing rear wheels
    should therefore be moved to the front.
    Always move left rear to left front and right
    rear to right front, so that the direction of
    rotation remains the same.
    Because the car has front-wheel drive, the
    front tires tend to wear faster than the rear
    ones. New tires should always be fitted in
    pairs, so that tires on the same axle have the
    same amount of tread.
    If swapping the complete set, e.g. winter
    tires for summer tires, mark the tires
    removed to ensure that they go back in the
    same position (e.g. FL for front left, RL rear
    left, etc.).
    Store wheels lying flat or hanging – never
    standing upright.

    199

    Tire markings

    Winter tires

    An example of the meaning of the different
    markings in a tire size is given below for a
    tire size of:
    205/65 R15 94 V

    Winter (snow) tires are recommended for
    winter climates where the majority of your
    driving will be done on snow and ice. Winter
    tires should be fitted to all four wheels to
    maintain a proper balance. Your Saab
    dealer can advise you as to the correct size
    tire for your car (if different from the original
    size) and also supply Saab approved winter
    tires.

    205 Tire section width, mm
    65 Aspect ratio, i.e. the section height
    is 65% of the section width
    R Radial ply
    15 Wheel rim diameter 15 in at bead
    seats
    94 Tire load code
    V Speed marking
    Speed ratings
    S Tire approved for speeds up to
    100 mph (180 km/h)
    T Tire approved for speeds up to
    118 mph (190 km/h)
    H Tire approved for speeds up to
    130 mph (210 km/h)
    V Tire approved for speeds up to
    150 mph (240 km/h)
    W Tire approved for speeds up to
    167 mph (270 km/h)
    Y Tire approved for speeds up to
    186 mph (300 km/h)

    Tire quality grading (cars sold in
    U.S.)
    New tires must be graded and labeled in
    accordance with new Federal regulations.
    Standard tests are conducted to measure
    performance in the areas of traction and
    temperature resistance. Refer to the tire
    sidewall for the specific quality grades of the
    tires provided on your new Saab. Compact
    spare tires are exempt.
    DOT QUALITY GRADES
    • Treadwear
    • Traction AA, A, B, C
    • Temperature A, B, C
    All passenger car tires must conform to Federal safety requirements in addition to these
    grades.



  • Page 200

    Car care and technical information

    Uniform Tire Quality Grading (US)
    Quality grades can be found where applicable on the tire sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum section width. For example:
    Treadwear 200 Traction AA
    Temperature A

    Treadwear
    The treadwear grade is a comparative
    rating based on the wear rate of the tire
    when tested under controlled conditions on
    a specified government test course. For
    example, a tire graded 150 would wear one
    and one half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire graded 100. The
    relative performance of tires depends upon
    the actual conditions of their use, however,
    and may depart significantly from the norm
    due to variations in driving habits, service
    practices and differences in road characteristics and climate.

    Traction
    WARNING
    The traction grade assigned to a tire is
    based on straight-ahead braking, traction
    test and does not include acceleration,
    cornering, hydroplaning or peak traction
    characteristics.
    The traction grades, from highest to lowest,
    are AA, A, B and C. These grades represent
    the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as
    measured under controlled conditions on
    specified government test surfaces of
    asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may
    have poor traction performance.

    SG840

    200

    Wear indicators

    Wear indicators
    The tires incorporate wear indicators in the
    form of smooth, treadless strips across the
    width, which become visible when only
    1.6 mm of tread remains. As soon as the
    indicators become visible, new tires should
    be fitted without delay.
    Make sure you are familiar with the legal
    limit for minimum tread depth in your
    country and also any regulations governing the use of winter tires.



  • Page 201

    Car care and technical information
    Temperature
    WARNING

    The temperature grades are A (the highest),
    B, and C, representing the tire’s resistance
    to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under controlled
    conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
    test wheel. Sustained high temperature can
    cause the material of the tire to degenerate
    and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure. The
    grade C corresponds to a level of performance which all passenger car tires must
    meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle
    Safety Standard No. 109.
    Grades B and A represent higher levels of
    performance on the laboratory test wheel
    than the minimum required by law.

    IB533

    The temperature grade for a tire is established for a tire that is properly inflated
    and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
    underinflation, or excessive loading,
    either separately or in combination, can
    cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.

    Date code

    Date code
    Tires should be regarded as perishable
    goods. As the tires age, the rubber becomes
    progressively harder, and the roadholding
    ability of the tires diminishes. This is particularly on winter tires.
    Tires now have a date-code marking for the
    year of manufacture. The first two digits
    denote the week number and the last digit
    the year. The ”<” symbol points to the year.
    Accordingly, a date code of 157 signifies
    that the tire was manufactured in week 15,
    1997.

    201



  • Page 202

    Spare wheel (under panel in luggage
    compartment)

    IB534

    IB1232

    Car care and technical information

    IB1186

    202

    Panel hooked back, 9-5 Sedan

    Compact spare wheel

    NOTE

    The compact spare is light and easy to
    handle when changing the tire. Its use is
    only permitted when a standard tire has sustained a puncture. The maximum life of the
    tire is only 2000 miles (3,500 km).
    Do not exceed 50 mph (80 km/h) with the
    compact spare fitted.
    The compact spare should be inflated to
    60 psi (420 kPa). Carry the punctured tire in
    the spare-wheel well under the luggagecompartment floor.
    Have the standard tire repaired and refitted
    as soon as possible (see also page 154).

    To avoid damaging a punctured alloy
    wheel it can be placed outside up in the
    spare-wheel well but only while driving to
    the closest workshop.
    A general rule is that all heavy loads must
    be well secured in the luggage compartment, see page 118 and 121.

    Hanging up the cover and spare wheel
    compartments mats, 9-5 Wagon
    The spare wheel, together with the jack and
    jack handle, front towrope attachment eye
    and toolkit, is stowed away underneath a
    panel in the luggage-compartment floor.
    If you need to change a wheel, remove the
    tool kit first and then the spare wheel.
    The panel over the spare wheel can be held
    open by hooking the handle onto the rubber
    seal.
    In the Saab 9-5 Sedan, there is a holder for
    a warning triangle (accessory) in the luggage compartment trim. In the Saab 9-5
    Wagon, there is space for a warning triangle
    underneath the panel in the luggage compartment floor.



  • Page 203

    Car care and technical information
    Changing a wheel
    WARNING
    • The car jack is designed solely for use
    in changing a wheel or fitting snow
    chains. It must not be used to support
    the car during repair work or servicing.
    • Never crawl under a car that is
    supported only by a jack.
    • Special care must be taken if the car is
    on a slope – use wheel chocks!
    • Position chocks, one ahead and one
    behind, the wheel that is diagonally
    opposite to the one to be changed.
    • Switch on the hazard warning lights if
    the car is on a road.
    • Apply the handbrake and leave the car
    in gear (1st or reverse). Automatic
    transmission: move selector to the
    P position.
    • Ensure that everybody is out of the car
    before jacking it up.
    • Never start the engine while the car is
    jacked up.
    • The jack must stand on a firm, level
    surface.

    • Stow the jack in the place provided for
    it under the panel in the floor of the luggage compartment. Secure it properly
    to avert injury to passengers in the
    event of an accident.
    • Do not use the jack for any purpose
    other than for jacking up the car.

    203



  • Page 204

    IB1130

    Car care and technical information

    IB536

    204

    Position for jack
    To jack up the car, apply the jack to one of
    the special jacking points under the sills.

    Jacking points for a trolley jack
    If a floor jack is used, it can be applied to the
    standard jacking points used by the dealer.
    A floor jack can lift both front wheels or both
    rear wheels off the ground simultaneously.
    A jack stand must then be applied underneath the front of the engine subframe (at
    the fixing point for the towrope-attachment
    eye) or to the rear towrope-attachment eye
    (or under the trailer hitch, if fitted).

    NOTE
    Apply the jack only to the jacking points
    indicated.
    1 Put the car in 1st gear (automatic transmission: move selector to the P position)
    and apply the parking brake.
    2 Wind the jack up to a suitable height
    before placing it under the recess in the
    sill.
    Make sure that the jack fully engages
    the recess in the sill and that the base of
    the jack is steady and flat on the ground.
    3 Remove the wheel cover (where applicable).
    Loosen the wheel bolts by half a turn.



  • Page 205

    Car care and technical information

    205

    it impossible to undo the bolts using the
    wheel wrench in the car’s toolkit.

    NOTE

    Removing the wheel cover
    4 Wind the jack to raise the wheel clear of
    the ground. Remove the wheel bolts and
    lift off the wheel.
    5 Fit the wheel and screw in the bolts in the
    sequence shown (opposite pairs).
    Tighten the bolts enough for the bolts
    and wheel to be seated correctly.
    6 Lower the car and tighten the wheel
    bolts to the correct torque in the
    sequence shown (opposite pairs).
    Tightening torque
    Light-alloy wheels: 80 ft.lbs. (110 Nm)
    Steel wheels: 80 ft.lbs. (110 Nm)
    Do not overtighten the bolts using a percussion nut tightener: not only can this
    damage the wheels but it can also make

    7 Check-tighten the wheel bolts after a
    few miles.
    Tightening torque
    Light-alloy wheels: 80 ft.lbs. (110 Nm)
    Steel wheels: 80 ft.lbs. (110 Nm)
    We advise against using wheels with open
    wheel covers in winter, as the brake components are then more exposed both to slush
    and to road salt and grit.

    IB539

    IB538

    When refitting wheel covers (where
    applicable), make sure that the valve
    protrudes through the hole in the wheel
    cover.

    Tightening sequence, wheel bolts



  • Page 206

    206

    Car care and technical information

    Flat spotting
    All tires get hot, especially on long journeys
    or when the car is driven hard. After the car
    has been parked with hot tires and the tires
    have cooled down, a flat spot can appear in
    the tire, where it is in contact with the
    ground. The same can occur if the car has
    not been moved for a long time.
    Flat spots can give rise to vibration that can
    be felt through the steering wheel, similar to
    that experienced when the wheels need balancing. Flat spots of this type disappear
    once the tires get hot again, usually after
    10–15 miles (20–25 km) of driving at cruising speed.

    Air conditioning
    (A/C system)
    NOTE
    • The A/C system is designed for use
    with R134a refrigerant.
    • Refrigerant handling requires special
    equipment and special procedures for
    charging and draining the system.
    • All repairs and adjustments on the A/C
    system must be carried out by a Saab
    dealer authorized for this kind of work.
    • Never mix R134a and R12 refrigerants.

    WARNING
    • The A/C system is pressurized. Do not
    break any connections or undo A/C
    system components.
    • Escaping gas can cause blindness or
    other injury.

    Fault diagnosis
    If a fault occurs in the A/C system, there are
    a number of checks you can perform yourself. If the fault persists, however, have the
    system checked by an authorized Saab
    dealer.
    Important!
    When the A/C system is running, the intake
    air is dehumidified, and the resultant condensation is drained off through two outlets
    underneath the floor of the car in the vicinity
    of the front doors. It is therefore perfectly
    normal for water to be seen dripping from
    these outlets when the car is parked. The
    warmer the ambient air and the higher the
    humidity, the greater will be the amount of
    condensation formed.
    Inadequate cooling:
    a Make sure that the temperature and
    air-distribution controls are in the
    appropriate settings.
    b Check that the condenser (forward of
    the radiator) has not become clogged
    with dirt and insects.
    c Make sure that the drive belt for the compressor is not slipping.
    d Check the fuses for the ventilation fans
    and compressor.



  • Page 207

    Car care and technical information
    Maintenance
    • The drive belt for the compressor should
    be inspected under the regular service
    program.
    • Clean dirt and insects away from the condenser and radiator to prevent clogging.
    When washing the car, use the hose to
    spray the radiator and condenser (located
    forward of the radiator) from both sides
    (both from the front of the car and from
    inside the engine bay). Do not use a pressure washer.
    Caution: Do not use the hose when the
    engine is hot.

    Other than in extremely cold weather, do not
    screen the radiator, e.g. with netting, as this
    will greatly diminish its cooling capacity.
    Note: The A/C system will only operate
    when the outdoor temperature is above the
    freezing point (0°C, 32°F).

    207

    Safety belts
    WARNING
    If the car is involved in a collision, the
    safety belts, belt pretensioners and other
    components must be inspected by an
    authorized Saab dealer.
    Never make any alterations or repairs to
    the safety belt yourself but visit an authorized Saab dealer.
    Regularly check the function of the safety
    belts as follows:
    • Hold the diagonal strap and pull it sharply.
    The safety belt should lock and it should
    not be possible to withdraw it further.
    Check the anchorage points in the floor.
    They must not have suffered rust damage.
    There must be no frayed threads in the webbing.
    Safety belts must not come into contact with
    substances such as polishes, oils or other
    chemicals. If the straps are dirty, wash them
    with warm water and a detergent or have
    them replaced.



  • Page 208

    208

    Car care and technical information

    Upholstery and trim
    To remove fluff or hairs from the seat upholstery or headlining, use a moist, lint-free
    cloth or a special lint remover (brush or
    roller). Remove any dirty marks using a
    cloth moistened with lukewarm soapy
    water.
    When using a stain remover, always work
    from the outside towards the center to avoid
    leaving a ring. If a soiled ring or spot should
    remain, it can usually be removed using
    lukewarm soapy water or water alone.
    Wet patches left by spilt soft drinks or thin oil
    must be wiped off immediately using an
    absorbent material, such as kitchen paper,
    and treated with stain remover.
    Alcohol is recommended for removing
    grease or oil stains, and a semi-stiff brush
    may also be used.

    Cleaning and caring for leather
    upholstery
    The principal reason for treating leather
    upholstery is to maintain its elegant appearance and to provide it with a protective film.
    Discoloration caused by dust and wear
    mainly affects the lighter shades, although
    this is not detrimental to the leather –
    indeed, the patina resulting from use is often
    considered desirable in leather. But if the
    leather is allowed to become too grubby, it
    can start to look shabby.
    It is a good idea to clean and recondition the
    leather twice a year – in conjunction with a
    general spring-cleaning of the car – after the
    winter and in the autumn, for instance. In
    hot, dry climates, the leather will need to be
    treated more frequently.
    Moisten a soft cloth in a mild soap solution.
    Carefully apply this damp (not wet) cloth to
    the leather, working in light, circular movements until the leather is clean. Repeat the
    procedure using clean water and then leave
    the leather to dry thoroughly. Finally, treat
    the leather with a leather conditioner.

    Apply the leather conditioner using a soft
    cloth and the same circular movements as
    described above. After it has dried, polish
    the leather with a soft, dry cloth. Follow the
    directions given above. Do not use hot
    water, unknown abrasive polishes, solvents, sprays or soaps that might scratch
    the leather.

    Textile carpeting
    Vacuum clean the carpeting regularly. Carpets can also be cleaned using a brush, or
    carpet shampoo applied with a sponge. Do
    not use vacuum cleaners outdoors unless
    they are properly grounded.



  • Page 209

    Car care and technical information

    Washing the car
    Wash the car frequently. When the car is
    new, wash the bodywork by hand, using just
    cold water – a brush attachment on the end
    of a hose is ideal. Do not use automatic car
    washes for the first five or six months,
    before the paintwork has hardened properly. Thereafter, use a high quality car wash
    soap added to lukewarm water.
    Remove any bird droppings without delay,
    as these can discolor the paintwork and
    prove difficult to polish out.
    Use a soft cloth moistened with methyl alcohol to remove splashes of tar or asphalt. Do
    not use strong cleaners, as these can dry
    out the paintwork.

    The underside of the car also needs washing regularly, and this should be done extra
    thoroughly at the end of winter. Clean the
    underside of the car by hand if the car is usually washed in an automatic car wash without special facilities for underbody cleaning.
    Never wash or leave the car to dry in the
    sun, but wipe it dry with a chamois leather
    immediately after washing to avoid smears
    and streaks.
    Clean the window glass inside and out using
    a high quality window cleaner. This is particularly important when the car is new, as
    upholstery and trim have a tendency to
    sweat a little at first.
    Keep the glass well cleaned, as this helps to
    prevent misting.

    NOTE

    NOTE

    Avoid using any alcohol-based cleaners
    on the front and rear light clusters, as
    these can cause cracking of the lenses.

    • The door mirrors must be fully
    retracted before the car enters an
    automatic car wash.
    • Remove fixed antennas, e.g. for
    mobile phone, before putting car
    through an automatic car wash.
    • Try your brakes on leaving a car wash.
    Wet brake discs reduce the braking
    effect.

    209

    Waxing and polishing
    Do not wax a new car during the first three
    or four months. In fact, there is no need to
    polish the car before the paintwork has
    started to go dull through oxidation. Other
    than in exceptional cases, do not use abrasive polishes containing a cutting agent on
    a new car. Always wash the car thoroughly
    before waxing or polishing.



  • Page 210

    Car care and technical information

    Engine compartment

    Touching up the paint

    Clean the engine compartment using an
    engine detergent and rinse with hot water.
    Cover the headlights and do not aim the
    spray nozzle on the

    Damaged paintwork should be treated as
    soon as it is discovered: the longer it is left,
    the greater the risk of corrosion. The
    anti-perforation warranty does not cover
    corrosion resulting from untreated defects.
    Paintwork damage sustained in a collision is
    usually extensive and can only be properly
    restored by professionals.
    However, you can repair small scratches
    and stone-chip damage yourself. The necessary tools and materials, such as primer,
    touch-up paint and brushes, are available
    from your Saab dealer.
    In the case of minor flaws in the paintwork,
    where the metal has not been exposed and
    an undamaged layer of paint remains,
    touch-up paint can usually be applied
    directly, after any dirt has been scraped
    away using a pointed knife.








    Radiator.
    Throttle cable.
    Throttle housing.
    Other engine controls.
    The alternator.
    Ignition system and other electrical components.
    Additional care should be taken if using a
    high-pressure washer. Hold the nozzle at
    right angles to the area to be cleaned, which
    is particularly important when spraying
    labels.
    Do not use gasoline as a cleaning agent or
    solvent when carrying out repairs or maintenance. Saab recommends the use of environmentally safe degreasing agents.

    IB1334

    210

    Surface-treatment composition
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7

    Body panel
    Zinc (certain panel sections only) 7.5 µm
    Phosphate coating
    Cathodic ED 28 µm
    Intermediate coat 35 µm
    Metallic base 15 µm
    Clear enamel /solid enamel 40 µm

    If corrosion has already set in, e.g. as a
    result of stone-chip damage, use a pointed
    knife to scrape off all surface rust. If possible, the damaged area should be taken
    back to the bare metal. The metal should
    then be primed with two thin coats of primer
    applied by brush.
    After the primer has dried, apply several thin
    layers of topcoat enamel until the surface of
    the repaired area is flush with the surrounding paintwork.



  • Page 211

    Car care and technical information
    Stir both primer and touch-up enamel thoroughly before use and allow each coat to
    dry before applying the next.

    Two-coat enamel
    As the name implies, two-coat enamel is
    applied in two operations. The first coat, the
    base color, contains the pigment, metal
    flakes and binder. The second coat consists
    of a clear enamel, which provides the final
    gloss for the paintwork and protects the
    base from moisture and environmental contaminants.
    Touch-up stone-chip damage as follows:
    1 Thoroughly clean the damaged area.
    2 Apply the primer, base color and finally,
    the enamel. To achieve the best finish,
    apply two or three coats of primer.

    211

    Anticorrosion treatment

    What causes rust?

    The entire car is corrosion-protected at the
    factory in different stages by an electrolytic
    immersion coating and a polyester-based
    protective coating to protect against corrosion caused by stones flung up by the
    wheels. A thin penetrating anti-rust oil is
    also applied in cavities and body members.
    In addition to conventional anti-corrosion
    treatment like painting, underbody treatment and cavity treatment, most of the body
    panel surfaces are galvanized. These
    include the hood, the doors and the underbody.
    The anti-corrosion treatment on the underside of the car and inside the wheel arches
    is particularly exposed to constant wear and
    possible damage, the degree of which will
    obviously depend on driving conditions.

    Steel body panels of automobiles are subject to rusting whenever air and moisture
    manage to penetrate the protective finish,
    and body panels may rust through if the process is unchecked. Rusting can occur wherever water is trapped or where the car’s
    panels are continuously damp. Damage to
    paint and undercoating by stones, gravel
    and minor accidents immediately exposes
    metal to air and moisture. Road salts used
    for de-icing will collect on the bottom of the
    car and promote rusting. Areas of the country with high humidity have great potential
    for rust problems, especially where salt is
    used on roads or there is moist sea air.
    Industrial pollution (fallout) may also
    damage paint and promote rusting.



  • Page 212

    212

    Car care and technical information

    Preventive maintenance
    The following procedures are necessary to
    help protect against rusting. Refer also to
    the terms and conditions of the Sheet Metal
    Coverage described in the warranty booklet.
    1 Wash the car frequently, and wax at
    least twice a year. Under adverse conditions, where there is a rapid buildup of
    dirt, sand or road salt, wash your car at
    least once a week. After extreme exposure to salted snow or slush, evidenced
    by a white film on the car, wash the car
    immediately. Frequent washing will prevent paint damage from acid rain and
    other airborne contaminants such as
    tree sap and bird droppings. If any of
    these contaminants are noticed on the
    car the finish should be washed immediately.
    • Begin washing by rinsing the entire car
    with water to loosen and flush off heavy
    concentrations of dirt (include the
    underbody).
    • Sponge the car with a solution of either
    a good quality car soap or mild general
    purpose (dish washing) detergent and
    water.
    • Rinse car thoroughly with clean water.
    • After washing, check and clear all
    drains in doors and body panels.
    • Wipe the car dry, preferably using a
    chamois.

    2 Clean the underside of the car during
    the winter. Use high pressure water to
    clean the car’s underside (floor panels,
    wheel wells) at least at mid- winter and
    in the spring.
    3 Inspect the car frequently for leaks or
    damage, and arrange for needed
    repairs promptly. After washing or after
    heavy rain, check for leaks. When washing the car inspect body surfaces for
    paint damage. While checking for leaks,
    lift the floor mats and check beneath
    them. Water can collect in these areas
    and remain for prolonged periods. Dry
    any wet areas including the floor mats.
    Have leaks repaired as soon as possible.
    Use touch-up paint to repair small
    scratches or minor finish damage. Areas
    where metal is exposed will rust quickly
    and MUST be repaired immediately by
    touch-up or professional repainting.
    Rust must be removed, the bare metal
    primed and painted. Major body
    damage should be repaired immediately
    and new panels or exposed areas
    should be undercoated with anti- corrosion material.
    Repairs of this type are the owner’s
    responsibility and are not covered under
    warranty.

    4 Inspect the undercoating and touch
    up if necessary. Pay particular attention to the fenders and wheel housings,
    which are exposed to abrasion by flying
    gravel, etc. If the composition has worn
    or flaked off, the steel must be thoroughly cleaned and dried before a fresh
    coat is applied. The cleaning is best
    done with a scraper and a steel wire
    brush, followed by washing with solvent.
    Apply the new coating thinly, as otherwise it may run off or fall off when dry.



  • Page 213

    Car care and technical information

    For long trips
    Before setting off on a long journey, it is
    advisable to have your car checked over by
    your Saab dealer.
    Obtain a few important items to take along
    on your journey such as spare bulbs, wiper
    blades, fuses, a Poly-Vee-belt and the like.
    You can check some points yourself beforehand:
    • Make sure that the engine is in good condition.
    • Check that no oil or gasoline leaks out of
    the engine or gearbox/transmission.
    • Inspect the Poly-Vee-belt and replace it if
    it shows any signs of hard wear.
    • Check the battery charge.
    • Check the tires for tread pattern and air
    pressure, including the compact spare
    wheel.
    • Check the brakes.
    • Check all bulbs.
    • Check for the presence of the tool kit and
    the jack in the car.

    Recovery and/or
    recycling of automotive
    materials
    A typical car consists of metals (65–75%),
    plastics (10–14%), rubber (5%) and small
    quantities of glass, wood, paper and textiles.
    Some of these materials can be recycled,
    while others can be recovered in chemical
    processes for reuse in new products or as a
    source of energy.
    While the Saab 9-5 was still at the drawing-board stage, Saab engineers were
    giving serious consideration to how the
    maximum quantity of materials could be
    reclaimed from the car on its eventual
    scrapping. To facilitate sorting, plastic parts,
    for instance, have been marked to identify
    the precise nature of the plastic.
    Approximately 90% of the materials in the
    car can be recycled or recovered, where
    facilities exist.
    Before the car is scrapped, all the oils and
    other fluids that could pollute the environment should be recovered from the car. It
    may be of interest in this context to learn that
    the refrigerant used in the Saab 9-5’s A/C
    and ACC systems (R134a) contains neither
    CFCs nor any other chlorine compounds.

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8
    9
    10
    11
    12
    13
    14
    15
    16
    17
    18
    19
    20
    21
    22

    213

    A-pillar trim: PP, PP/EPDM
    Windshield trim: PP, PP/EPDM
    Seals: EPDM
    C-pillar trim: PP
    Rear light cluster: PMMA
    Corner infill panel: PPO/PA
    Rear bumper, cellular core: expanded PP;
    sheathing: PP/EPDM
    Side-window casing: PP/EPDM
    Fuel tank: PE
    Side trim: PVC
    A-pillar upholstery trim: PC/ABS, textile
    Rearview mirror: ABS
    Sill scuff plate: PP/EPDM
    Wheel-arch liner: PP
    Wheel cover: PA
    Direction-indicator lamp lens: PMMA
    Washer-fluid reservoir: PE
    Front spoiler: PP/EPDM
    Front bumper, cellular core: expanded PP;
    sheathing: PP/EPDM
    Fan shroud: PP
    Radiator grille: ABS
    Scuttle panel finisher: PC/ASA



  • Page 214

    Car care and technical information

    Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene
    Acrylonitrile-styrene (acrylic
    plastic)
    EPDM Ethylene-propylene rubber
    PA
    Polyamide (plastic)
    PC
    Polycarbonate (plastic)
    PE
    Polyethylene
    PMMA Polymethyl methacrylate
    POM Acetal plastic
    PPO
    Polyphenylene oxide (plastic)
    PP
    Polypropylene
    PUR
    Polyurethane
    PVC
    Polyvinyl chloride

    Headlamp aiming

    ABS
    ASA

    4

    WARNING

    3
    5

    Before checking/adjusting the headlamp
    aiming, switch off the engine to avoid
    danger of fingers and hands being injured
    by moving parts.
    The radiator fan can start up even when
    the engine is switched off.

    2
    1
    6

    7

    22
    21
    8
    9
    20
    10
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    11
    18
    12
    17

    16

    15

    14

    13
    IB526

    214

    The vehicle is equipped with vertical and
    horizontal aim indicators. The aim has been
    preset at the factory and should normall