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Owner’s Manual Saab 9-5, Model Year 2007 Safety Security Instruments and controls Saab 9-5 Audio System 3 Interior equipment and trunk Starting and driving Car care and technical information Customer Assistance and Information Specifications Index
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Introduction This manual provides practical guidance on driving and caring for your Saab. Although this manual describes the most important differences between model variants, it does not include precise specifications of the different variants. Some differences also occur to meet special legal requirements in different countries. Importation and distribution of Saab automobiles, spare parts and accessories are handled exclusively by General Motors of Canada Limited in Canada and by Saab Cars USA, Inc. in the U.S.A.
We recommend that you read through the manual before taking the car out for the first time and that you keep it in the car for future reference. To find a specific item, use the overviews given on pages 3–6. A list of contents is given at the beginning of each section of the manual, and there is also a comprehensive index at the back of the book. Supplied with the car is a Warranty and Service Record booklet and a tire warranty folder which specifies the regular maintenance to be carried out. The book also contains important warranty conditions.
WARNING WARNING texts warn against the danger of injury if the specified instructions are not followed.
NOTICE NOTICE texts warn of potential damage to the car if the recommendations are not followed.
Since the policy at Saab is one of continual improvement, we retain the right to incorporate modifications and to alter specifications during production without prior notice. 3 Asterisk means: equipment not fitted in all cars (can depend on model variant, engine variant, market specification, options or accessories). If you have any questions concerning your car, its equipment, the warranty conditions or the like, your Saab dealer will be pleased to help. Best wishes, Saab Automobile AB Saab Automobile AB does not accept liability for any damage caused by the fitting of spare parts, exchange parts or accessories that are not approved by Saab Automobile AB. The specifications, design particulars and illustrations included in the manual are not binding.
Electric windows ______________ Ignition switch ________________ Starting the engine ____________ Engine Break-In Period _________ Driving in hot weather __________ Driving in cold weather _________ Parking _____________________
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A/C system Refrigerant at high pressure. Do not loosen or remove the A/C system fittings before discharging the A/C system. Improper service methods may cause personal injury. System to be serviced by authorized personnel only. For instructions consult workshop manual. The A/C system complies with SAE J639. Charge: 825 g of R134a. Compressor oil: PAG oil SP-10 alt. Saab oil 4759106 Oil amount: See workshop manual.
Radiator fan Radiator fan may start at any time.
Brake fluid CLEAN FILLER CAP BEFORE REMOVING. USE ONLY DOT 4 FLUID FROM SEALED CONTAINER.
LEVEL INDICATOR DARK CLEAR
Maintenance Free 12V 60Ah 580A (EN)
Coolant: Never open when engine hot!
P/N 127 93 955
Battery • No sparks, flames or smoking. • Shield eyes, explosive gases can cause blindness or injury. • Sulphuric acid can cause blindness or severe burns. • Flush eyes immediately with water. Get medical help fast. • Do not tip battery. Do not open battery. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN
• AVOID SPARKS AND OPEN FLAMES, NO SMOKING • WEAR EYE PROTECTION • KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN • ACID • SEE OWNER’S MANUAL • FLAMMABLE GAS
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Contact a Saab dealer if a xenon headlight requires replacement. This label is only found on cars with xenon headlights.
WARNING EVEN WITH ADVANCED AIR BAGS • Children can be killed or seriously injured by the air bag. • The back seat is the safest place for children. • Never put a rear-facing child seat in the front. • Always use seat belts and child restraints.
Jack Use only on specified vehicles. Safe working load 1100 kg. Use on level firm ground only. Do not get under a vehicle that is supported only by a jack, use vehicle support stands. For more information see your owner´s manual.
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Safety belts WARNING • Buckle up and adjust your safety belt before driving off so that you can pay full attention to the traffic. • Safety belts must be worn at all times by all car occupants. • Child safety, see page 22. • Check that the locking tongue is properly locked in the belt lock. • In the event of a crash, the rear-seat passengers not wearing a seatbelt will be thrown forward against the front-seat backrests. The stresses imposed on the front seat passengers and belts are multiplied and can result in needless injury or even death for all car occupants.
Three-point inertia-reel safety belts are provided for all seats. The results of studies show that it is equally important to wear safety belts in the rear seat as in the front seats. Bear in mind that in certain states/provinces it is a legal requirement for all occupants of the car to wear a safety belt.
Safety belt reminder When the ignition is switched on, the ”FASTEN BELTS” reminder will light up until the driver fastens the safety belt. The reminder for the driver has an additional audible signal which sounds for 6 seconds, or until the driver fastens his belt. The following applies to the both front seats: If the belt is not fastened before the car starts to move there will be an additional reminder when the speed exceeds 15 mph (25 km/h). The text Use your seatbelts. is lit on the Saab Information Display (SID) and the symbol will flash. If the belt is not fastened then an audible signal will come on after 30 seconds. The text in the SID can be turned off by the CLR-button on the steering wheel.
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Correct position for safety belt WARNING Proper positioning of the safety belt is extremely important. • An out of position safety belt can result in the occupant sliding underneath the belt in a crash (submarining) and injury can result from the lap portion cutting into the abdomen. • Never fasten the safety belt with the shoulder belt behind the body or pull the belt off the shoulder and under the arm. • If two people share a belt, they risk injury by being crushed together in the event of a crash.
• Position the lap strap snugly and low across the hips so that it just touches the thighs. The shoulder strap must be as far in on the shoulder as possible. • Check to ensure that the belt is not twisted or rubbing against any sharp edges. • There should not be any slack in the belt. Pull the belt tight – particularly important when thick outer clothing is worn. It is advisable to remove thick items of clothing. • Refrain from tilting the backrest more than necessary, as the safety belt provides better protection when the seat is in a more upright position. • Only one person per safety belt! • For most of the time a safety belt is worn, the retractor will allow the wearer freedom of movement. The retractor locks up automatically if the belt is jerked or withdrawn sharply, the car tilts, the brakes are applied hard or a crash occurs. • Children up to 6 years of age must always be seated in a child seat. Saab recommends the use of a child seat for children up to the age of 10. • Children who have grown out of a child seat should be restrained by the car’s standard three-point belts. Make sure that the shoulder belt is not in contact with the neck or throat. If it is, a booster seat/cushion may be necessary.
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Safety Belt height adjustment
The front safety belts and the outside belts in the rear (9-5 Sedan) are equipped with automatic height adjustment. After fastening the belt, grasp it at chest height, pull it out and, without letting go, allow the slack to be taken up by the reel. Make sure that the belt is well in on the shoulder.
To fasten the belt
Front safety belts Fasten the belt by pulling the belt and inserting the tongue in the buckle. Check that it is securely fastened. Grasp the shoulder belt close to the buckle and pull the belt towards the shoulder to tighten the lap belt part. Then grip the belt at the shoulder, pull it out and, without letting go, allow the slack to be taken up by the reel. Make sure that the belt is well in on the shoulder. Because the lower belt-anchorage points are on the seat, the belt buckle follows the movement of the seat during seat adjustment.
Press the red button to release the belt To release the belt, press the red button on the belt buckle, as illustrated. See page 239 for the checking of belt function, cleaning, etc.
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Safety belt pretensioners
Safety belt use during pregnancy Pregnant women must always wear a safety belt to protect both themselves and the unborn child. The lap belt should be placed low, across the hips and over the upper thighs.
The belts of the front seats are fitted with automatic pretensioners and force limiters. These are activated in the event of a severe frontal or rear-end crash and a side-on collision, provided that the safety belts are being worn. The pretensioners serve to reduce the forward movement of the body by tensioning the belt. The force limiters reduce belt loads on the body by "loosening" the safety belt to absorb the body’s kinetic energy as gradually as possible. The safety belt pretensioners are not activated by vehicle rollover.
WARNING If the car is involved in a crash, the safety belts, belt pretensioners and other components must be inspected by an authorized Saab dealer and replaced as necessary. Never make any alterations or repairs to the safety belt yourself. Visit an authorized Saab dealer for any necessary repairs.
Safety belt, rear seat WARNING • Make sure that the belt does not become trapped when the backrest is folded down or raised (see page 129). • If cargo has to be placed on a seat, it must be properly secured with the safety belt. This reduces the risk of the cargo being thrown about during hard braking or a crash, which could cause personal injury. • Check that the belt is not twisted or lying against sharp edges. • Make sure you use the correct safety belt buckle. The buckles for the center and left-hand rear seats are close together.
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Three-point safety belts are provided for all three rear seat passengers. Fasten the belt by pulling out the strap carefully and inserting the tongue in the lock. Check that it is securely fastened. Then grip the diagonal part of the strap near the lock and pull the belt upwards towards the shoulder to tighten the lap strap. The lap strap should lie low over the hips. The diagonal part should lie as far in on the shoulder as possible. To release the belt, press the red button on the belt lock. See page 239 for the checking of belt function, cleaning, etc.
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Safety WARNING • Safety belts are designed to bear upon the bony structure of the body, and should be worn low across the front of the pelvis or the pelvis, chest and shoulders, as applicable; wearing the lap section of the belt across the abdominal area must be avoided. • Safety belts should be adjusted as firmly as possible, consistent with comfort, to provide the protection for which they have been designed. A loose belt will greatly reduce the protection afforded to the wearer. • Care should be taken to avoid contamination of the webbing with polishes, oils and chemicals, and particularly battery acid. Cleaning may safely be carried out using mild soap and water. The belt should be replaced if webbing becomes frayed, contaminated or damaged. • It is essential to replace the entire assembly after it has been worn in a severe impact even if damage to the assembly is not obvious. • Belts should not be worn with straps twisted.
• Each belt assembly must only be used by one occupant; it is dangerous to put a belt around a child being carried on the occupant´s lap. • No modifications or additions should be made by the user which will either prevent the safety belt adjusting device from operating to remove slack, or prevent the safety belt assembly from being adjusted to remove slack.
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The following seat adjustments can be made to achieve a comfortable driving position:
WARNING The seats are actuated by powerful motors. Bear this in mind when adjusting the seat, and make sure that nothing gets caught and damaged. Ensure that nothing can be trapped when adjusting the seat. Bear in mind that children can be injured if they play with the electrically-operated seats. Always remove the ignition key when you leave the car. This prevents personal injury caused by the electrically adjustable seats, for example, due to children playing. Both front seats are electrically operated. On certain models the driver´s seat is equipped with a memory function. To facilitate getting into the car, both seats can be adjusted when either of the front doors is open. For safety reasons, if the door is closed, the seat can only be adjusted when the ignition is ON. Note, however, that both seats can be adjusted for 30 seconds after both doors have been closed.
• height • legroom • backrest rake angle • lumbar support 3 • head-restraint height We recommend that adjustments to the driver’s seat be performed in the following order: 1 height 2 legroom 3 seat tilt angle 4 backrest rake angle Lastly, adjust the steering wheel (see page 114).
WARNING Never adjust the driver’s seat except when the car is stationary. Side airbags (see page 36). Head restraint (see page 21).
Height To raise the seat, lift the lower control straight up. To lower the seat, press the lower control down. The same control can be used to adjust the height of the front and rear edges of the seat independently.
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Backrest rake angle
Lumbar support 3
To adjust the legroom, push the lower control forward or back.
To adjust the backrest, move the upper control forward or back.
Turn the smaller wheel for stepless adjustment of the lumbar support.
WARNING The backrest should be upright during driving, so that the safety belt, airbag and backrest can provide optimum protection in the event of emergency braking or a crash and in particular a rear-end collision.
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Safety Memory driver’s seat 3 In certain models the driver´s seat is equipped with a programmable memory function. This function also includes the door mirrors. Adjust the seat and door mirrors. To save the settings, press and hold the M button and, at the same time, press one of the preselect buttons (1, 2 or 3). The Saab Information Display (SID) will chime to confirm that the settings have been saved.
To recall the programmed settings, press and hold the appropriate preset button, whereupon the seat and mirrors will be adjusted automatically. To change the settings stored in a preset button, adjust the seat and mirrors as before and save the new settings by pressing M and the appropriate preset button. To facilitate reversing, the passenger side door mirror can be tilted down automatically, e.g. to show the curb. To do this, select reverse and press the small grey button adjacent to the door-mirror control. When you deselect reverse, the mirror will automatically return to its original setting (see page 116).
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Head restraint WARNING • Adjust the head restraint so that your head is optimally supported and the center of the head restraint is at ear height, thus reducing the likelihood of neck injury in a crash.
The front seats in the Saab 9-5 are equipped with Saab Active Head Restraints (SAHRs). These reduce the risk of whiplash injury if the car is hit from behind. In the event of a rear-end crash, the body is forced back against the backrest. This, in turn, causes the mechanism to press the head restraint forward and upward, thus limiting the backward movement of the head. The SAHR is a mechanical system, actuated by body weight. The mechanism is built into the top of the backrest, where it is connected to the head restraint. Therefore, the SAHR does not need to be replaced after a minor rear-end crash.
• Raise the head restraints in the seat that are occupied.
The head restraint can be raised or lowered and is adjustable in various positions. • Raising: grasp the head restraint on both sides and pull it straight up. • Lowering: press the catch on the left-hand side of the attaching point and press down the head restraint.
Rear-seat head restraints 9-5 Sedan: The rear head restraints have three adjustment positions for passenger comfort. They can also be folded down to increase the driver’s rearward vision when the seat is unoccupied. 9-5 SportCombi: The height of the rear head restraints can be adjusted by depressing the catch on the left-hand collar in the same way as the front head restraints.
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Child safety WARNING • Children must always be suitably restrained in the car. • ALWAYS use SAFETY BELTS and CHILD RESTRAINTS. • NEVER put a rear-facing child seat in the front. • DEATH or SERIOUS INJURY can occur. • Children 12 and under or shorter than 55 inches (140 cm) can be killed by the airbag. • Sit as far back as possible from the airbag. • The BACK SEAT is the SAFEST place for children.
Car safety tips WARNING • Never leave children unattended in a car, even for a short time. – Children can suffer heat stroke – perhaps die – in a matter of minutes. – Children can put the car into gear and hurt themselves or others.
Protect children from getting trapped in the trunk of a car
• At gas stations, take the keys from the car while filling the tank. • Never allow children to climb on top of – or under cars. • Always look for children before backing your car out of a garage or driveway.
• Teach children not to play in or around cars. • Watch children when loading or unloading the car so they don’t get locked in by mistake. • Always lock the doors and trunk of your car, and keep the keys out of children´s sight and reach. • Keep the rear fold-down seats closed to help prevent kids from getting into the trunk from inside the car.
• To avoid carbon monoxide poisoning, never let a car idle in an enclosed garage.
For Trunk Release Handle information see page 48 and 138.
• Supervise young children around buckets of water while washing your car. Small children can drown in a short time in less than an inch of water.
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Safety The same attention must be given to child safety in the car as is given to adults. Saab recommends rearward facing child restraints. Children travel most safely when properly restrained, but restraints must be suitable for the size of the child. Always follow the child seat/booster cushion manufacturer´s instructions when installing these devices in your vehicle. Make sure you are acquainted with the legal requirements for seating children in the car. Make sure that it is possible to fit a child restraint in accordance with the manufacturer’s child seat instructions. When fitting child seats in cars you must always read the instructions supplied by the manufacturer.
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for Children (LATCH System) Your vehicle has the LATCH system. There are LATCH anchors for the outboard seating positions of the second row, and a top tether anchor on the center position. This system, designed to make installation of child restraints easier, does not use the vehicle's safety belts. Instead, it uses vehicle anchors and child restraint attachments to secure the restraints. Only use the attachments and straps provided with the child restraint. If you have any questions regarding LATCH anchors, please contact your Saab dealer.
WARNING If a LATCH-type child restraint is not attached to its anchor points, the restraint will not be able to protect the child correctly. In a crash, the child could be seriously injured or killed. Make sure that a LATCH-type child restraint is properly installed using the anchor points, or use the vehicle's safety belts to secure the restraint, following the instructions that came with that restraint, and also the instructions in this manual.
WARNING Child top tether anchorages are designed to withstand only those loads imposed by correctly fitted child restraints. Under no circumstances are they to be used for adult safety belts.
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Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the LATCH System 6
9-5 SportCombi: Before installation, please read through these instructions and the child restraint installation instructions. 1 The top tether anchor is located on the cargo floor by the rear seat backrest's lower part (see picture). To access the top tether anchor, unlock the rear seat backrest (see page 132 for detailed instructions), and fold it slightly forward. Note! Backrest only, not the seat cushion. 2 The top tether anchor is originally rotated downwards. To use it, it has to be rotated upwards (see arrow in picture). Use the top tether anchor right behind the seating position you want to use. 3 Raise the vehicle head restraint to its highest position (see page 21 for detailed instructions). 4 Put the child restraint on the seat. 5 If you are using a single tether, route the tether under the vehicle head restraint, and attach the tether hook to the top tether anchor. If you are using a dual tether, route the tether around the vehicle head restraint, and attach the tether
hook to the top tether anchor. The child restraint instructions will show you how. Reposition the rear seat backrest, and make sure it locks properly. Check the indicator on top of the backrest that it is locked. Find the lower anchors for the seating position you want to use. The lower anchors are located where the bottom of the seatback meets the back of the seat cushion. Above each lower anchor, there is a label indicating its location (see picture on page 24). Attach and tighten the lower anchor attachments on the child restraint to the vehicle lower anchors. If your child restraint does not have the lower attachments, you will be using the lap-shoulder belt to secure the child restraint. The child restraint instructions will show you how. Tighten the top tether strap according to the child restraint instructions. Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secured at the lower anchors/safety belt and the top tether anchor. The child restraint shall be firmly attached to the vehicle.
Child tether anchorages, Saab 9-5 SportCombi
WARNING Make sure the child restraint anchorages are folded all the way up or down otherwise it can obstruct locking the rear seat backrest.
WARNING If a cargo net is fitted, do not pull the top tether strap through the cargo net in such a way that there is slack in the strap to the child seat.
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Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the LATCH System
9-5 Sedan: Before installation, please read through these instructions and the child restraint installation instructions. 1 Find the lower anchors for the seating position you want to use. The lower anchors are located where the bottom of the seatback meets the back of the seat cushion. Above each lower anchor, there is a label indicating its location (see picture). 2 Put the child restraint on the seat. 3 Attach and tighten the lower anchor attachments on the child restraint to the vehicle lower anchors. If your child restraint does not have the lower attachments, you will be using the lap-shoulder belt to secure the child restraint. The child restraint instructions will show you how. 4 The top tether anchor is located on top of the parcel shelf. Use the top tether anchor right behind the seating position you want to use. Open the top tether anchor trim cover to expose the anchor. Snap the cover to lock in open position.
5 Raise the vehicle head restraint to its highest position (see page 21 for detailed instructions). 6 If you are using a single tether, route the tether under the vehicle head restraint, and attach the tether hook to the top tether anchor. If you are using a dual tether, route the tether around the vehicle head restraint, and attach the tether hook to the top tether anchor. Tighten the top tether strap. The child restraint instructions will show you how. 7 Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secured at the lower anchors/safety belt and the top tether anchor. The child restraint shall be firmly attached to the vehicle.
Child tether anchorages in parcel shelf, Saab 9-5 Sedan
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Safety Lockable latch plate
1 Put the child restraint on the rear seat. 2 Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder portions of the vehicle's safety belt through or around the restraint. The child restraint instructions will show you how. 3 Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to. 4 Tighten the safety belt. You may find it helpful to use your knee to push down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt. 5 While holding the safety belt tight, activate the locking function of the latch plate by moving the button from position 2 (unlocked) to position 1 (locked). 6 Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secure. The child restraint shall be firmly attached to the vehicle. To deactivate the locking function, move the button to position 2.
In fitting a child seat that is intended to be secured in position by the lap portion of the safety belt, make use of the locking function of the latch plate. This function is available on all seats in the second row. Locking the lap portion of the belt lessens the risk that the seat will work loose while the car is in motion. The button for the locking function is located on the back of the latch plate.
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Installation of rear facing child restraints Child restraints that are approved for rear facing installation in the rear seat can be positioned in any of the three rear seating positions.
WARNING Failure to follow all the manufacturer’s instructions on the use of this child restraint system can cause your child to strike the vehicle´s interior during a sudden stop or crash.
WARNING A special accessory is available for locking the center armrest so that a child seat can be installed in the middle seat. See your Saab dealer for details. When a rear-facing child seat is fitted in the center position of the rear seat in the Saab 9-5 Sedan the center armrest must be secured in place with this strap. If this is not done, the center armrest could swing down in the event of a frontal crash and cause injury to the child.
Fitting the locking strap on the center armrest, Saab 9-5 Sedan (not needed on SportCombi).
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• Always wear your safety belt. • Always adjust your seat so that you are as far back as possible but still able to operate the pedals and reach the steering wheel and controls comfortably. • Children 12 and under or shorter than 59 inches (150 cm) should always travel in the rear seat as the car is fitted with a passenger airbag. • Never fit a child seat in front of the passenger airbag. The AIRBAG system comprises an airbag in the steering wheel, a front passenger airbag and side airbags in the front seats. The system supplements the protection provided by the safety belts to further enhance the safety of the occupants. If a fault is detected in the AIRBAG, the AIR BAG warning light on the main instrument panel will come on (see pages 61 and 37).
To reduce risk of injury:
Inflated airbag (driver side) Inflation and deflation together take less than 0.1 second.
When the system is triggered by impact of a frontal crash, the airbags in the steering wheel and passenger side of the dash board are inflated, after which they deflate through vents in the back of the bags. The entire process takes less than 0.1 second – literally, faster than the blinking of an eye. The driver and passenger airbags are referred to as ‘smart’ airbags. This means that the system compensates for factors such as the force of the collision.
Note: The sensor reacts differently depending on whether or not the front seatbelts on the driver’s and passenger sides are used. Situations can therefore arise where only one of the airbags inflates. It is also possible for only the seatbelt pretensioners to be activated and for the airbags to remain uninflated. These airbags are triggered only by moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal crashes. They will not be activated by minor front-end impacts, rear-end or side impacts, or by the car rolling over.
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• Always sit with the whole of your back in contact with the backrest of the seat, and with your seat as far back as is practical. Otherwise you will be thrown back against the backrest when the airbag inflates which could cause you injury or death. The airbag needs room in which to inflate.
Passenger airbag and driver’s airbag both inflated
WARNING • Even if the car is equipped with AIRBAG, safety belts must still always be worn by all occupants. • Note that because an airbag inflates and deflates extremely rapidly, it will not provide protection against a second impact occurring in the same incident. Always use your safety belt.
• Never attach anything to the steering wheel or passenger side of the instrument panel, as this could result in injury if the airbag should inflate. The same applies to anything you might have in your mouth, such as a pipe, for instance. • Some components of the airbag will be warm for a short time. In some circumstances the airbag can cause minor burns or abrasions to the body when the airbag inflates/deflates. • To reduce the risk of head injuries in the event of a crash, the headliner and pillar trims incorporate energy absorbing material. These areas must not be modified in any way. Work on these areas must only be carried out by an authorized Saab dealer.
• Fumes are generated by the chemical reaction that inflates the airbag. Because the dust/fumes can, in certain cases, cause irritation to the skin, the following measures should be taken: Skin surfaces that show signs of irritation should be washed with clean water and a mild soap as soon as possible. In the event of eye irritation, flush the eyes thoroughly with clean water for at least 20 minutes. In case of persistent irritation, consult a doctor. • Never rest your hands or forearms on the steering-wheel center padding. • If the AIR BAG warning light does not extinguish after the car has been started, or comes on or flashes while driving, have the car checked immediately by a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer. The warning light could signify that the airbags may not inflate in a crash, or they could even inflate without a crash. See page 61.
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Front passenger seat WARNING
WARNING Never secure a rear-facing child seat in the right front seat of a car equipped with a passenger airbag. Inflation of the airbag in the event of a crash could seriously injure or kill a child. The airbags are interconnected and have a common warning light. The passenger airbag module is housed in the fascia above the glove compartment and is marked AIRBAG Both airbags will be inflated in the event of a moderate to severe frontal, or near-frontal crash, even if the passenger seat is unoccupied.
• DEATH or SERIOUS INJURY can occur. • Children 12 and under or shorter than 59 inches (150 cm) can be killed by the airbag. • The BACK SEAT is the SAFEST place for children. • NEVER put a rear-facing child seat in the front. • Sit as far back as possible from the airbag. • ALWAYS use SAFETY BELTS and CHILD RESTRAINTS. • Never allow a child to stand in front of the seat or to sit on the lap of a front-seat passenger. Serious injury or death could result if the airbag is inflated in a crash. • The glove compartment must be closed while travelling. An open glove compartment door could cause leg injuries in the event of a crash.
• Never place anything on the dash or in front of the seat as, in addition to being a hazard to passengers, this could interfere with the function of the airbag in the event of a crash. The same applies to the mounting of accessories on the dash. • Keep feet on the floor – never put feet up on the fascia, on the seat or out of the window. • Do not carry anything in your lap.
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Passenger Airbag Status Indicator. USA
Saab recommends that child restraints be secured in a rear seat, including an infant riding in a rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a forward-facing child seat and an older child riding in a booster seat. Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate a rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun visor says, “Never put a rear-facing child seat in the front.” This is because the risk to the rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
Vehicles with a passenger sensing system have indicator LEDs on the fascia. The indicators will be lit during the system check when you turn your ignition key to ST or ON. When the system check is complete, either the ON or the OFF LED, will be lit. See AIRBAG warning light on page 61. The passenger sensing system will turn off the right front passenger’s frontal airbag and side airbag under certain conditions. The driver’s airbags is not part of the passenger sensing system. The passenger sensing system works with sensors that are part of the right front passenger’s seat and safety belt. The sensors are designed to detect the presence of a properly-seated occupant and determine if the passenger’s frontal airbag should be enabled (may inflate) or not. Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat.
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A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is because the back of the rear-facing child restraint would be very close to the inflating airbag. Even though the passenger sensing system is designed to turn off the passenger’s frontal airbag if the system detects a rear-facing child restraint, no system is fail-safe, and no one can guarantee that an airbag will not deploy under some unusual circumstance, even though it is turned off. Saab recommends that rear-facing child restraints be secured in the rear seat, even if the airbag is off.
The passenger sensing system is designed to turn off the right front passenger’s frontal airbag if: • the right front passenger seat is unoccupied • the system determines that an infant is present in a rear-facing infant seat • the system determines that a small child is present in a forward-facing child restraint • the system determines that a small child is present in a booster seat • a right front passenger takes his/her weight off of the seat for a period of time • the right front passenger seat is occupied by a smaller person, such as a child who has outgrown child restraints • or if there is a critical problem with the airbag system or the passenger sensing system.
When the passenger sensing system has turned off the passenger’s frontal air bag, the off indicator will light and stay lit to remind you that the airbag is off. If a child restraint has been installed (Saab recommends that child restraints be secured in the rear seat) and the on indicator is lit, turn the vehicle off. Remove the child restraint from the vehicle and reinstall the child restraint following the child restraint manufacturer’s directions and refer to Installation of rear facing child restraints on page 28. If after reinstalling the child restraint and restarting the vehicle, the on indicator is still lit, check to make sure that the vehicle’s seatback is not pressing the child restraint into the seat cushion. If this happens, slightly recline the vehicle’s seatback and adjust the seat cushion if possible. Also make sure the child restraint is not trapped under the vehicle head restraint. If this happens, adjust the head restraint.
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Safety If the on indicator is still lit, secure the child in the child restraint in a rear seat position in the vehicle and check with your dealer. The passenger sensing system is designed to enable (may inflate) the right front passenger’s frontal airbag anytime the system senses that a person of adult size is sitting properly in the right front passenger’s seat. When the passenger sensing system has allowed the airbag to be enabled, the on indicator will light and stay lit to remind you that the airbag is active. For some children who have outgrown child restraints and for very small adults, the passenger sensing system may or may not turn off the right front passenger’s frontal airbag, depending upon the person’s seating posture and body build. Everyone in your vehicle who has outgrown child restraints should wear a safety belt properly — whether or not there is an airbag for that person.
If a person of adult-size is sitting in the right front passenger’s seat, but the off indicator is lit, it could be because that person is not sitting properly in the seat. If this happens, turn the vehicle off and ask the person to place the seatback in the fully upright position, then sit upright in the seat, centered on the seat cushion, with the person’s legs comfortably extended. Restart the vehicle and have the person remain in this position for about two minutes. This will allow the system to detect that person and then enable the passenger’s airbag.
WARNING If the airbag readiness light in the instrument panel cluster ever comes on and stays on, it means that something may be wrong with the airbag system. If this ever happens, have the vehicle serviced promptly, because an adult-size person sitting in the right front passenger’s seat may not have the protection of the frontal airbag. See Airbag warning light on page 61 for more on this, including important safety information.
Aftermarket equipment, such as seat covers, can affect how well the passenger sensing system operates. You may want to consider not using seat covers or other aftermarket equipment if your vehicle has the passenger sensing system. See Adding Equipment to Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on page 41 for more information about modifications that can affect how the system operates.
WARNING Stowing of articles under the passenger’s seat or between the passenger’s seat cushion and seatback may interfere with the proper operation of the passenger sensing system.
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WARNING • This car is equipped with side airbags and no extra interior trim should be fitted. Failure to observe this warning could result in the side airbags not inflating as intended and thus not providing the intended protection either. • Never place any object in the area that would be occupied by the inflated airbag. • For optimum protection, sit upright in the seat, with your safety belt correctly fastened. • The sensors for the side airbags are fitted in the front doors. We advise against doing any work on the doors that could affect the moisture barrier in the door or the airbag sensors. It is essential that the moisture barrier (thick plastic film) in the front door is not damaged in any way.
• Improvement of the anticorrosion treatment of the doors should only be carried out by a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer. Otherwise there is a risk that the side impact sensor and the moisture barrier in the front door could be damaged. • The side airbags will inflate only in the event of a side impact; not in the event of a front or rear-end crash or of the car’s rolling over. • Damage or wear to the seat cover, or the seat seam, in the area of the side airbag must immediately be repaired. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer. • Do not modify the speaker installation in the front doors or install speakers other than those specifically approved by Saab.
The side airbags, which help protect the upper body are integrated in the outside edges of the front seat backrests. In a side impact, only the airbag on that side will be activated, and only then if certain predetermined conditions are met such as the force and angle of the impact, the speed of the car on impact, and at which point on the car’s side the impact occurs. The sensors, which are fitted in the front doors, sense the rise in pressure caused by the door panel being pressed in during an impact condition. The side airbag trigger will be commanded based on the characteristics of this pressure rise.
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AIRBAG warning light
Side airbag inflated
Side airbag components 1 2 3 4
Side airbag Sensor Moisture barrier Text on seat
• If the airbag readiness light stays on after you start your vehicle, it means the airbag system may not be working properly. See page 61. The airbags in your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they could even inflate without a crash. • To help avoid injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle serviced right away if the airbag readiness light stays on after you start your vehicle.
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What Will You See After an Airbag Inflates? After an airbag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly that some people may not even realize the airbag inflated. Some components of the airbag module - the steering wheel hub for the driver's frontal airbag, the instrument panel for the right front passenger's frontal airbag or the ceiling of your vehicle near the side windows - will be hot for a short time. The parts of the bag that come into contact with you may be warm, but not too hot to touch. There will be some smoke and dust coming from the vents in the deflated airbags. airbag inflation does not prevent the driver from seeing or being able to steer the vehicle, nor does it stop people from leaving the vehicle.
WARNING When an airbag inflates, there is dust in the air. This dust could cause breathing problems for people with a history of asthma or other breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to do so. If you have breathing problems but cannot get out of the vehicle after an airbag inflates, then get fresh air by opening a window or a door. If you experience breathing problems following an airbag deployment, you should seek medical attention. In many crashes severe enough to inflate an airbag, windshields are broken by vehicle deformation. Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the right front passenger airbag.
• Airbags are designed to inflate only once. After an airbag inflates, you will need some new parts for your airbag system. If you do not get them, the airbag system will not be there to help protect you in another crash. A new system will include airbag modules and possibly other parts. The service manual for your vehicle covers the need to replace other parts. • Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and diagnostic module which records information after a crash. See Vehicle Data Collection and Event Data Recorders on page 255. • Let only qualified technicians work on your airbag system. Improper service can mean that your airbag system will not work properly. See your dealer for service.
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Safety AIRBAG servicing WARNING If you damage the covering for the driver's or the right front passenger's airbag, or the side impact airbag covering on the ceiling near the side windows, the bag may not work properly. You may have to replace the airbag module in the steering wheel, both the airbag module and the instrument panel for the right front passenger's airbag, or side impact airbag module and ceiling covering for the roof-mounted side impact airbag. Do not open or break the airbag coverings.
The airbag must be inspected as part of the normal service program but otherwise may be regarded as maintenance-free.
Scrapping or working on airbags and belt pretensioners WARNING • Under no circumstances should any modifications be made that affect the steering wheel or the airbag’s electrical circuitry. • Before starting any welding work on the car, always disconnect the negative (–) battery lead and cover the conductor. • Airbags and belt pretensioners must be deployed under controlled conditions before the car is scrapped or any of the system’s components are removed. Airbags or belt pretensioners that have been deployed as a result of a crash must be replaced by new ones. • Airbag-system components must never be transferred for use in another vehicle.
• All work involving the scrapping or replacement of airbags or belt pretensioners must only be carried out by knowledgeable personnel. • The headlining and roof pillar trim must not be modified in any way. Work on these areas must only be carried out at a Saab dealer.
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Frequently asked questions on function of airbags Do you still need to wear a safety belt if airbags are fitted? Yes, always! The airbag merely supplements the car’s normal safety system. Moreover, the airbag will only be actuated in a moderate to severe frontal, or near-frontal crash, which means, of course, that it provides no protection in minor frontal crashes, major rear-end or side-on crashes or if the car rolls over. The safety belts help reduce the chance of the car occupants from being thrown around and injured or killed inside the car. But they also ensure that, if a crash occurs in which the airbags are inflated, the airbag will make the optimum contact with the occupant, i.e. square on from the front. If the occupant meets the airbag in an offset position, the protection afforded will be reduced. In addition, airbags provide no protection against a secondary impact occurring in the same incident. So there is no doubt about the benefit of wearing safety belts at all times. Do not sit too close to the airbag: it needs room to inflate. The airbag inflates very quickly and powerfully in order to protect an adult person, before they are thrown forward, in a serious frontal crash.
How do I position the seat to leave room for the airbag to inflate? Don’t have your seat too far forward. Recline the seat back to increase the distance between you and the airbag. For short drivers, special accessory pedal extensions are available through your Saab dealer. Airbags inflate extremely rapidly and with great force – to be fast enough to protect an adult in the seat. When do the front airbags inflate? The airbag will only be inflated under certain predetermined conditions in a moderate to severe frontal, or near-frontal crash, depending on such factors as the force and angle of the impact, the speed of the car on impact, and the resistance to deformation of the impacting object. The airbag can only be activated once in the same incident. Do not attempt to drive the car after an airbag has been inflated, even if it is possible.
What won’t trigger the front airbags? The airbag will not be activated in all front-end crashes. For instance, if the car has hit something relatively soft and yielding (e.g. a snow drift or a hedge) or a solid object at a low impact speed, the airbag will not necessarily be triggered. How loud is the inflation? The noise of the inflation is certainly loud, but it is very short-lived and will not damage your hearing. For a short time afterwards you could experience a buzzing noise in your ears. Most people who have experienced it cannot remember the noise of the inflation at all – all they remember is the noise of the crash. Can you still use a child seat in the front if a passenger airbag is installed? Definitely not! • Children 12 and under or shorter than 55 inches (140 cm) can be killed by the airbag. • The BACK SEAT is the SAFEST place for children. • NEVER put a child seat in the front. • Sit as far back as possible from the airbag. • Always use safety belts and child restraints.
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Safety Are the smoke and fumes given off when the airbag operates at all harmful? Most people who have remained in a car with little or no ventilation for several minutes complained only of minor irritation of the throat and eyes. Avoid as far as possible getting dust on your skin as there is a risk of skin irritation. If you suffer from asthma, the incident may bring on an attack, in which case you should follow the normal procedure advised by your doctor. It is advisable to consult a doctor afterwards.
What should I do if the AIRBAG warning light comes on? If the warning light is on, it means that a fault has been detected in the system. The airbag cannot be relied on to operate as intended and it might even be activated erroneously. You should therefore take the car to an authorized Saab dealer as soon as possible.
Adding Equipment to Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle Is there anything I might add to the front or sides of the vehicle that could keep the airbags from working properly? Yes. If you add things that change your vehicle’s frame, bumper system, front end or side sheet metal or height, they may keep the airbag system from working properly. Also, the airbag system may not work properly if you relocate any of the airbag sensors. If you have any questions about this, you should contact Saab Customer Assistance before you modify your vehicle. The phone numbers and addresses for Customer Assistance can be found on page 253. Because I have a disability, I have to get my vehicle modified. How can I find out whether this will affect my advanced airbag system? Changing or moving any parts of the front seats, safety belts, the airbag sensing and diagnostic module or the inside rearview mirror can affect the operation of the advanced airbag system. If you have questions, call Customer Assistance. The phone numbers and addresses for Customer Assistance can be found on page 253.
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Key / Remote control
Door handles Pull the handle to open the door. If the door is stuck (e.g. if frozen), hold the handle from above to secure a better grip.
Central locking WARNING Leaving children or pets unattended in a locked car is dangerous. It is also dangerous to leave children in a vehicle with the ignition key. A child or others could be badly injured or even killed.
The key unit consists of a mechanical key with integrated remote control. The mechanical key is used for manual locking and unlocking. The remote control is used for remote locking and unlocking. The key fits all the car’s locks. The key supplied with the car has a code number on a black plastic tag that needs to be quoted for ordering additional keys. You should therefore make a careful note of the number. The key contains a unique electronic code for your car. When the key is inserted in the ignition, the code is checked. If it matches, the car can be started. Your car is supplied with two keys. It is possible to have up to four keys for a car at one time. If you loose one key you should have this replaced as soon as possible by contacting your Saab dealer. When the new key is programmed into the system, the missing key is automatically erased. NOTE: For this reason, we strongly advise you to take two keys with you on long journeys and to keep them separate. If all keys are lost, it will be necessary to replace costly electronic components as well as the keys. This loss and replacement cost is not covered by the new car warranty. If an additional key is to be added, all of the original keys must be brought to the dealer so that the control module can ”learn” to recognize the new components.
NOTICE The key contains delicate electronics. • Do not expose it to water. • Avoid rough handling. • Do not place the key where it may be subjected to high temperatures, e.g. on the instrument panel. • The key may malfunction if it becomes very cold. Warm it in your hands for a couple of minutes. • Never open the key. For changing the battery, see page 49. To check the number of keys that are programmed for the car; see page 54.
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Locking/unlocking the car
When the car is locked and unlocked the theft alarm is also affected.
Key / Remote control 1 To lock 2 To unlock 3 Opening the trunk (9-5 Sedan) Unlocking the tailgate (9-5 SportCombi)
Press once on the control: all doors locked. The hazard warning lights will flash once. The trunk/tailgate release switch on the driver´s door will not work when all doors are locked. It is now not possible to unlock the doors from within using the center console.
button on the
Remote unlocking Press once on the control: the driver´s door is unlocked. Press a second time to unlock the rest of the doors but not the trunk/tailgate. The hazard warning lights will flash twice.
Switch for operation of central locking
The central locking can also be operated from inside the car by means of the switch on the center console. This switch is inoperative when the car is locked from the outside using the remote control. The interior locking buttons on each door affect only the respective door. If the car is left with the doors open, the interior lighting and the courtesy lights in the doors will be switched off automatically after 20 minutes, to prevent a drain on the battery. In such cases the electrically operated seats will not function.
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The remote control also works from inside the car. Therefore, hold the key in such a way that the buttons are not unintentionally pressed when the key is turned, or inserted or removed from the ignition switch. Otherwise, the doors may be unintentionally locked or the tailgate unlocked. On Sedan models, the trunk may even be opened. Having the doors locked when you are driving will reduce the likelihood of: • Passengers, especially children, opening doors and falling out of the car. • Intruders entering the car when it is moving slowly or at a standstill. However, you must also remember that locked doors can hamper rescuers in the event of a crash.
If remote unlocking should fail to work Unlock the front door with the key. To silence the alarm, insert the key into the ignition switch and turn it to the ON position. The car can now be started. Contact a workshop to have the system checked and repaired. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer. Locking by key (1) When the car is locked and unlocked the theft alarm is also affected. Turn the key clockwise: all doors locked. The trunk/tailgate release/unlock switch on the driver’s door will not work when all doors are locked. Nor will the switch on the center console. Unlocking by key (2) Turn the key counterclockwise once: the driver´s door will unlock. Turn the key counterclockwise twice: all doors, but not tailgate, unlocked. Switch in driver´s door and switch in center console enabled.
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Child safety locks
The rear doors are equipped with child safety locks that are operated by means of a catch adjacent to the door lock. Insert a key and turn the catch 45° clockwise or counterclockwise as indicated by the label on the door. When the child safety catch is in the locked position, the door cannot be opened from the inside.
WARNING If small children ride in the rear seats, the safety locks on rear doors should be activated to prevent unintentional opening from the inside.
Child safety lock on rear doors
Trunk lid switch
Trunk lid lock, 9-5 Sedan The trunk lid lock is independent of the central-locking system. The trunk lid release switch on the driver’s door is inoperative when the car is locked from the outside or moving at a speed greater than 2.7 mph (4 km/h).
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Security Tailgate, 9-5 SportCombi
Unlocking The trunk lid is slightly opened/unlocked using:
The tailgate is not unlocked when the other car doors are unlocked. The tailgate button on the driver’s door is inoperative when the car is locked from outside or moving at a speed greater than 2.7 mph (4 km/h).
• The button on the key • The trunk lid switch on the inside of the driver’s door (if the car is unlocked and at a standstill) Remote unlocking is confirmed by the direction indicators flashing three times. The trunk lid switch on the driver’s door is inoperative when the car is locked. Locking The trunk lid release is locked automatically when closed.
Unlocking The tailgate is unlocked using:
Trunk Release Handle
Trunk Release Handle There is a glow-in-the-dark trunk release handle located inside the trunk on the latch. This handle will glow following exposure to light. Pull the release handle down to open the trunk from the inside.
NOTICE The trunk release handle was not designed to be used to tie down the trunk lid or as a an anchor point when securing items in the trunk. Improper use of the trunk release could damage it.
• The button on the key • The tailgate switch on the inside of the driver’s door (if the car is unlocked and at a standstill) Unlocking is confirmed by the direction indicators flashing three times.
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Security Locking The tailgate is locked using: • The
button on the key
• The button on the center console • The key in the driver’s door. • When vehicle speed exceeds 2.7 mph (4 km/h).
NOTICE Use the grab handle to assist in closing the tailgate. Avoid the following, due to the risk of lock mechanism damage when the tailgate is closed. • Never grasp the lock mechanism as this can lock the mechanism. • Never close the lock mechanism manually.
Electronic starting interlock (immobilizer) Each time the key is removed from the ignition, the electronic starting interlock is activated and the car is thus immobilized, see also page 51.
Reprogramming lock system functions Certain lock system functions can be reprogrammed by your authorized Saab dealer; see page 270.
Changing the key battery When the battery voltage in the key falls below a predetermined level the Saab Information Display (SID) will issue the following message: ”Remote control battery low. Replace battery.” Press the CLR button on the SID to acknowledge this message. You must then replace the battery without delay to avoid malfunctions. The life of the battery is normally 4 years.Contact a Saab dealer to have the battery replaced.
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The car alarm (anti-theft system) is activated/deactivated when the car is locked/unlocked by the remote control or by the key, see page 45. The antenna for the alarm system is located in the center console. All the doors plus trunk lid/tailgate and hood are monitored by microswitches.
Leaving children or pets unattended in a locked car is dangerous. It is also dangerous to leave children in a vehicle with the ignition key. A child or others could be badly injured or even killed.
Remote control 1 Activate/lock 2 Deactivate/unlock 3 Unlock trunk/tailgate Unlocking the tailgate (9-5 SportCombi)
Your Saab 9-5 is equipped with an Electronic starting interlock (immobilizer), see page 51 for details.
The car alarm is armed 10 seconds after the car has been locked by the remote control. During this ten-second delay period, the doors, trunk lid/tailgate and hood may still be opened without the alarm being triggered. The LED indicator on the instrument panel fascia will be on continuously during this period, at the end of which it will start to flash (once every other second). If a door or the trunk lid/tailgate or hood has been left open when the car is locked, the LED on the fascia will flash (three times per second) for ten seconds to indicate this.
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Security Check to ensure that all the doors, plus trunk lid/tailgate and hood, are closed properly. If the fault persists (LED flashing when another attempt is made to activate the car alarm by remote control), lock the car using the key instead. The car alarm will not have been activated and you should contact an authorized Saab dealer. To avoid inconvenience caused by the alarm being triggered inadvertently, make sure that anyone else using the car is familiar with how both the car alarm and the locking system work. If the alarm is tripped (the direction indicators are flashing and the horn is on) it can be turned off by unlocking the car using the button.
Activating the car alarm The car alarm cannot be activated if the driver’s door is open or if the ignition switch is in ON position. If one of the other doors or the trunk or hood is open or opened and not closed again during the 10-second delay period, it will be excluded from the alarm function. If it is then closed, a new delay period of ten seconds will start, and the door (or trunk or hood) will once again be secured by the alarm system. As usual, the LED will be on continuously during the new delay period and will start to flash once every other second after the 10-second period has elapsed.
Electronic starting interlock (immobilizer) When the key is inserted in the ignition, a signal is sent to the receiver. If the signal is verified, the engine can be started. Each time the key is removed from the ignition, the electronic immobilizer is activated. This means that the car cannot be started without the correct key inserted in the ignition and the immobilizer thus deactivated. If a fault is detected (e.g. in the transmitter) ”Key not accepted. Contact service.” will appear on the Saab Information Display (SID). In this case, you can still start the car if you turn the ignition key to ON and press one of the buttons on the key (providing that the receiver gets the right signal from the key). Take the car to an authorized Saab dealer to have the system checked. The LED double-flashes when the car is immobilized.
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When the car alarm is armed, it will be triggered if any door, or the trunk lid or hood, is opened. The alarm will also be triggered if an attempt is made to bypass or short-circuit the ignition switch, or to disconnect the battery. If the alarm is triggered, the following alarm signals will be set off:
In the car alarm system there is a feature called "Panic-function". To activate panic function:
• Flashing of hazard warning lights for five minutes. • Horn wailing for 30 seconds. The alarm signals will stop if the alarm is deactivated (car unlocked) during the alarm period.
• Push and hold one of the buttons on the key for 2 seconds. Or, if you are sitting inside the car, push the LOCK-switch on the center console for 2 seconds. These actions will trigger the alarm (hazard warning lights and horn). To deactivate panic function: • Push one of the buttons on the key, push the LOCK-switch in the center console, turn the key in the driver´s door or turn the ignition to ON. When the panic-function is activated the car will be locked/unlocked depending upon which button was pushed. When the ignition is ON the panic-function cannot be activated.
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Security Overview of functions Locking/ activation
Hazard warning lights flash once. The LED will come on for 10 seconds.
Hazard warning lights flash twice. The LED will come on for two seconds.
Unlocking/ Hazard warning lights flash three times. deactivation of The LED will flash three times per second for trunk lid/tailgate 10 seconds. alarm Alarm triggered Hazard warning lights flash for 5 min. Horn wails for 30 seconds. To switch off the alarm, deactivate the system in the normal way (unlocking). Key
The range of the key is normally 5–10 yds. (5– 10 metres), although it can be substantially more than this in ideal conditions (range can vary greatly depending on the position of the car and its surroundings). If the key is not working, it may be because the code signal has not been synchronized with that in the control module for the car alarm. To rectify this, press the unlock button on the key at least four times in quick succession. When it is recognized, the door locks will cycle. If a key is lost, the new one will have to be programmed (all keys must be present) to match the car’s unique security code. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer.
Battery for key
The battery for the key will normally have a life of 4 years. When the battery needs changing, ”Remote control battery low. Replace battery.” will appear on the Saab Information Display (SID). We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer.
If the battery is disconnected while the alarm is active (car is locked), for example during an attempt to steal the car, the alarm will be triggered.
Alarm signals may differ between model variants for different countries. Some of the car-alarm functions can be reprogrammed – consult your Saab dealer for further details (see page 270).
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Overview of LED signals and SID messages Status
Activation (during 10-second delay). Comes on for 10 seconds. Alarm activated (after delay).
Flashes once every other second.
Comes on for 2 seconds.
Alarm not activated.
Door, trunk lid/tailgate or hood open Flashes three times per secor opened during delay period. ond for 10 seconds. Unlocking the trunk lid/tailgate.
Flashes three times per second for 10 seconds.
Closing of door, trunk lid/tailgate or hood after delay period.
Comes on for 10 seconds.
Car immobilized but not locked. Car alarm not activated.
Flashes twice at three seconds intervals.
Fault in a switch serving doors, hood Flashing (instead of being or trunk lid. on continuously) during delay period. Some signals may differ between model variants for different countries.
Theft protection failure. Contact service.
Probably a fault in one of the sensors or the horn. Have the car checked by a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer.
Key not accepted. Contact service.
Fault in key transmitter or in ignition-switch receiver. Turn ignition switch to ON and press the unlock button on the key. Start the engine. Have the car checked by a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer.
Remote control battery low. Replace battery.
Fit a new battery in the key. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer.
• REMOTE KEY • TRANSPONDR
Turn the ignition key to position ON and then press the button for opening the trunk lid. Saab Information Display (SID) displays the number of keys and transmitters (transponders) coded to the car.
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Security This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void the user´s authority to operate the equipment. Canada only: This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference, including interference that may cause undesired operation of the device.
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Instruments and controls
Indicator and warning lights A number of indicator and warning lights will come on when the ignition is switched on prior to starting. Under normal conditions, these should go out a few seconds after the engine has started (see page 64).
Engine malfunction (CHECK ENGINE)
U.S. shown, Canada similar Main instrument panel 1 2 3 4 5
Tachometer Indicator and warning lights Speedometer Indicator and warning lights Pressure gauge 3
6 7 8 9
Fuel gauge Engine temperature gauge Odometer and trip meter Trip meter reset button
An illuminated ”Engine malfunction (CHECK ENGINE)” indicator light indicates an engine-related problem. While your car may be able to be driven with the ”Engine malfunction (CHECK ENGINE)” indicator light illuminated (Limp-home mode), you are advised to have your car serviced at an authorized Saab dealer as soon as possible. Continued driving without this problem being corrected might cause serious further damage to your car and create unsafe driving conditions. The driver should be prepared to take action if such unsafe conditions arise (e.g.brake smoothly, engage neutral, stop in a suitable place, switch off the engine, etc.).
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Instruments and controls This light indicates a malfunction in the fuel-injection or ignition system. The car may still be driven with care and with somewhat diminished performance (see page 144).
NOTICE The car should be checked immediately at a workshop to prevent more serious faults from arising. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer.
Warning, oil pressure (engine oil) This light will come on if the engine oil pressure is dangerously low. If the light flashes or comes on while you are driving, stop the car, switch off the engine and check the engine oil level (see page 194).
NOTICE Under no circumstances must the car be driven when this warning light is on. Low oil pressure can result in serious engine damage.
Brake warning light
This light will come on if the battery is discharging. If it comes on while you are driving, stop the car as soon as possible and switch off the engine. Check the alternator drive belt (see page 201). If the belt has broken:
This light will come on if there is insufficient brake fluid in the reservoir (see pages 196). If the ABS warning light is on at the same time, the ABS system may be inoperative because of a fault (see ”Anti-lock brake warning”, page 60).
• the engine may overheat (cooling system will not function properly) • the battery will not be charged • the A/C compressor will not run and • power assistance for the steering will be lost.
WARNING • Never drive the car when this warning lights is on. Danger of brake failure! • If the level of brake fluid in the reservoir is below the MIN mark, the car should be towed to a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab workshop. • Have the brake system checked at once by a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer.
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Instruments and controls Parking brake warning light
This light will show when the parking brake is on (see page 165). The parking brake is mechanical and operates on the rear wheels.
WARNING • Always apply the parking brake when parking, see page 165. • Always apply the parking brake before removing the ignition key. • Do not apply the parking brake while the car is moving.
Anti-lock brake warning This light will come on if a fault has occurred in the ABS system. On certain variants and can light up to indicate a fault in the electronic brake force distribution system (distribution of the brake pressure between the front and rear wheels). Conventional braking without the ABS function will still be available. For safety reasons, stop the car and check the level of the brake fluid (see page 196). If the level is normal, depress the brake pedal firmly two or three times. Now check the level again. If the level is still normal, you may drive the car, with considerable caution, to the nearest authorized Saab dealer to have the brake system checked.
WARNING • If the ABS is inoperative, there is a danger of the rear wheels locking up on hard braking. • If the level of brake fluid in the reservoir is below the MIN mark, the car should be towed to an authorized Saab dealer.
Headlight and parking light indicator This light indicates that the headlights or the parking lights are on.
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Instruments and controls
Airbag warning light This light will come on if a potentially serious fault has occurred in the airbag system.
Indicator, fuel This light comes on when there is less than about 2.5 gallons (10 liters) of fuel left in the tank.
WARNING NOTICE • If the airbag readiness light stays on after you start your vehicle, it means the airbag system may not be working properly. • To help avoid injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle serviced right away if the airbag readiness light stays on after you start your vehicle. The light will come on for about three seconds when the ignition switch is turned to the Start or Drive position. It should go out after the engine has started.
If the car runs out of fuel, air can be drawn in with the fuel, which, in turn, can cause the catalytic converter to be damaged by overheating.
Xenon headlight fault indicator 3 This light indicates that there is a fault in the Xenon headlight system, which consists of xenon headlights and an automatic levelling system. If a fault arises in the Xenon headlight system, the headlights will be angled down to avoid impairing the vision of drivers in oncoming traffic. Adjust your speed accordingly as visibility will be reduced.
NOTICE If the Xenon headlight fault indicator lights up, have your car checked as soon as possible a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer. If you do not rectify the problem, nighttime visibility will be poor since the range of the headlights is reduced.
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Instruments and controls
Indicator, cruise control This light shows when the cruise-control system is active (see page 159).
Indicator, high beam This light shows when the headlights are on high beam (see page 73).
Indicator, rear fog light This light shows when the rear fog light is on (see page 74). The rear fog light is switched off automatically when the engine is switched off. When the fog light is next needed, it will have to be switched on manually again. The rear fog light consists of one light so it should not be mistaken for brake lights.
Indicator, open door If a door has not been closed properly, the pictogram will indicate the door concerned (or tailgate).
Indicator, SPORT-mode automatic transmission 3 This light will come on in cars with automatic transmission when the S (SPORT) button on the selector lever has been pressed (position N or D) see page 158. In this mode, the gear changes occur later, at higher engine revs, giving the engine and transmission a sportier feel. To cancel the SPORT mode, press the S button on the selector lever again. The mode is also deselected automatically when the selector lever is moved to P, R, M or L, or when the ignition is switched off.
Automatic transmission 3, fault indicator On a car with an automatic transmission, this warning symbol is illuminated if a fault has been detected in the transmission. Switch the ignition off and on again to check if the fault persists. Even if the fault persists, it is still possible in most cases to drive the car (see page 154). Have the automatic transmission checked by an authorized Saab dealer as soon as possible.
NOTICE If the control module has actuated the Limp-home function for the automatic transmission, the car will remain in 5th gear when D is selected, making it very sluggish. To overcome this, select position L to prevent unnecessary wear on the transmission. The transmission then starts in 2nd gear. When the car is moving you can select position D. When the indicator light is on, the car must not be driven with a trailer attached.
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Instruments and controls
The indicator light is located in the tachometer and will be illuminated when the ESP® regulation is occurring, i.e. when there is insufficient traction between the tires and the road surface to provide the grip required for the acceleration called for. The driver can also sense that the engine is not responding normally to the accelerator. Operation of the ESP® indicates reduced traction between the tires and the road, and that extra care should be taken by the driver. In normal driving, the ESP® system will help to improve both ride comfort and safety, but must not be regarded as a system to enable the driver to drive at or maintain a higher rate of speed. The same precautions for safe cornering and driving on slippery roads must still be applied (see page 163).
ESP® system, OFF-indicator The indicator light goes on when the system is switched off with the ESP® button. IMPORTANT: the system is automatically engaged every time the engine is started (see page 163). The indicator light also goes on when there is a fault in the system. In this case the light cannot be turned off by means of the ESP® button. If a fault is indicated, have the system checked by an authorized Saab dealer. See also Electronic Stability Program (ESP® ) on page 163.
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Instruments and controls
1 Cars with automatic transmission
Autochecking of lights, main instrument panel The above warning and indicator lights should come on when the ignition is switched on prior to starting. They should go out after about 3 seconds. The following lights light up until the engine is started, presuming that no fault exists: • Oil pressure warning light • Warning, charging
The tachometer indicates the engine speed in thousands of revolutions per minute. The needle may be allowed to enter the broken red zone on the dial only for an instant. A safety cut-out function (in the fuel system) prevents the engine speed from exceeding approximately 6,000 rpm.
Odometer and trip meter The odometer records the distance traveled in miles on U.S. vehicles and on Canadian vehicles the distance indicated is in kilometres, and the trip meter in miles and tenths (kilometres and tenths of kilometres on Canadian vehicles).
Reset button The reset button has two functions, determined by whether the ignition is ON or OFF. • When the ignition is ON, pressing the button will reset the trip meter. • When the ignition is OFF, the display lights up enabling you to read the odometer and trip meter. Pressing the button a second time will reset the trip meter.
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Instruments and controls
(U.S. speedometer shown) The speedometer receives signals from the wheel sensors in the ABS system. Cars sold in U.S.: The speedometer displays the speed of the car in miles per hour (mph). Cars sold in Canada: The speedometer displays the speed of the car in kilometres per hour (km/h).
Fuel-tank capacity, 18.5 US gal. (70 liters). The fuel gauge shows the amount of fuel left in the tank. When this is down to about 2.5 gal. (10 liters), a warning light on the main instrument panel will come on (see page 61). Use the Saab Information display (SID) to check the approximate distance that can be traveled on the remaining fuel (see page 68).
The temperature gauge shows the temperature of the coolant. The needle should be in the middle of the scale when the engine is at normal operating temperature. If the needle approaches the red zone, which can occur in very hot weather or when the engine is under a heavy load, drive in the highest gear possible, keep the engine revs low and avoid shifting down.
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NOTICE If the needle, despite the above action, enters the red zone, stop the car immediately, let the engine idle. If the needle stays in the red zone, stop the engine. Check fuse 1 (radiator fan) in the fuse panel under the hood, see page 220. If the needle repeatedly enters the red zone, stop the car as soon as it is safe to do so and check the coolant level by looking at the level visible through the plastic tank – do not remove the cap.
If the coolant level falls below the MIN mark, the Saab Information Display (SID) will display the message ”Coolant level low. Refill.”.
WARNING Never open the cap of the expansion tank completely when the engine is hot, open with care. The pressure in the cooling-system can cause hot coolant and steam to be released. Failure to heed this warning may result in personal injury.
Pressure gauge The turbo gauge indicates the air volume for combustion, which is equivalent to the engine load. Under certain barometric conditions, the needle may enter the first part of the red zone without necessarily indicating that a fault has arisen. If the needle repeatedly enters the red zone and the engine at the same time loses power because the monitoring system is limiting boost pressure, you should contact a workshop immediately. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab workshop.
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When the speed of the car exceeds 130 mph (210 km/h) acceleration is limited by a reduction in boost pressure. The turbo gauge will move to the middle field, indicating a drop in engine output and consequently a reduction in vehicle speed.
Selector lever indication 3 The display below the speedometer indicates the position of the selector lever. If manual mode is selected, the current gear is displayed. When the sport function is selected, SPORT is displayed.
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Instruments and controls
Saab Information Display (SID) WARNING It is strongly recommended that the SID settings be changed only when the car is stationary. The driver’s attention can otherwise easily be distracted from the road. The Saab Information Display (SID) shows CHECK messages and incorporates eight trip-computer functions. Use the i/SET button to browse the functions.
SID provides the following function: Temp.
Estimated range (distance to empty fuel tank)
Average fuel consumption since function last reset
Distance to destination/Trip meter
Average speed since function last reset
Outdoor temperature (Frost warning) Regardless of which function has been selected, except Night Panel Mode, SID will automatically display the outdoor temperature when it is between 26° and 38°F (–3° and +3°C). This also applies if the temperature has moved outside the range of 21° to 43°F (–6° to +6°C) but is again between 26° and 38°F (–3° and +3°C).
SID, buttons and display
WARNING Remember that roads can be icy even at temperatures of above 38°F (+3°C), especially on bridges and stretches of road that are sheltered from the sun.
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Instruments and controls
Entering values for the functions
Activating speed warning
Dist. 1 Select Dist. using the i/SET button. 2 Hold i/SET depressed until a chime sounds and the selected function is marked.
1 Select Alarm with the i/SET button. 2 Hold i/SET depressed until a chime sounds. Briefly press the i/SET button if you do not wish to change the alarm time. If you wish to change the alarm time, press or . End with a brief press on the i/SET button. ON appears to the right of the alarm time to indicate that the alarm will go off at the set time. When the alarm sounds, it can be deactivated with CLR.
1 Select Speed W. with the i/SET button. 2 Hold i/SET depressed until a chime sounds. Briefly press the i/SET button if you do not wish to change speed. If you wish to change speed, press or . End with a brief press on the i/SET button. ON appears to the right of the speed if a warning will sound when vehicle speed exceeds the set speed.
3 Set the distance using or . 4 End with a brief press on the i/SET button. The calculated arrival time will then appear next to the distance. SID calculates arrival time using the set distance and average vehicle speed. The values are updated during the trip. If you take a break, this time is added to the previously calculated arrival time. After the distance to destination has decreased to zero, Dist. will function as a trip meter (see "Using Dist. as a trip meter"). The starting value for the trip meter will be the last distance set for the Dist. function. Example: 100 miles is set for the Dist. function. Once the countdown has reached 0 mile, the Dist. function will act as a trip meter, beginning at 100 miles.
Disengaging speed warning 1 Select Speed W. with the i/SETbutton. 2 Briefly press the CLR button.
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Using Dist. as a trip meter If no value is programmed in Dist., it functions as a trip meter. This is indicated by an arrow to the right in the display. Reset the trip meter by briefly pressing the CLR button. Calculating the arrival time if a specified average speed is maintained: 1 Select Dist. 2 Set the distance. 3 Select Speed Ø. 4 Set the average speed you intend to drive at. 5 SID switches to Dist. automatically. The calculated arrival time is now displayed to the right. The Speed Ø function will show actual values once you start driving.
Average fuel consumption, Fuel Ø The average fuel consumption is calculated using the values for fuel consumed and distance driven since last reset. This value is stored in the car’s trip computer even when the engine is switched off. To reset the value, hold CLR depressed until a chime sounds. The text Cleared is displayed.
Resetting values To reset the value, hold CLR depressed until a chime sounds. The text Cleared is displayed. The following functions will be reset simultaneously: • D.T.E. (the value is reset to the distance that can be reached with the amount of remaining fuel) • Fuel Ø • Speed Ø (average speed) Values programmed in Dist., Alarm and Speed W. are not reset. See respective function
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CHECK messages When the engine is started, CHECKING will appear on the display for about 4 seconds while the SID CHECK functions are being performed. When a CHECK message is activated while driving, a chime sounds and the message appears in SID. The number of possible CHECK messages varies depending on the car’s specifications. If more than one CHECK message has been generated, the + symbol will appear to the left of the text on the display. The messages appear in order of priority. If a new fault occurs whilst another message is being displayed, the message relating to the new one will appear for 10 seconds, after which the display will return to the earlier one. Briefly press the CLR button to acknowledge a message from the display. After acknowledgement, the message is displayed each time the ignition is re-started until remedied.
The following messages may be displayed: Message Use your seatbelts.
See page 12
Front light failure.
Rear light failure.
Fog light failure.
Brake light failure.
Washer fluid level low. Refill.
Coolant level low. Refill.
Remote control battery low. Replace battery.
Key not accepted. Contact service.
Instruments and controls
Theft protection failure. Contact service.
Gearbox too hot. Make a safe stop.
Tighten fuel filler cap.
Time for service.
1) This message will be displayed approximately 600 miles (1,000 km) before the next scheduled service is due, or when 365 days have elapsed since the last service. The message should be cleared at the time of that service (see the Saab Warranties & Service Record Booklet). This message can also be deleted by first briefly pressing the CLR button, then depressing it a second time for at least eight seconds until ”SERVICE” appears on the display and a chime sounds. The message can only be deleted when it is shown on the SID. *) 9-5 SportCombi: the high-mounted stop light is not included in the autocheck of lights.
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Instruments and controls
NIGHT PANEL To improve night-driving conditions inside the car, the Night Panel mode can be selected. In this mode, the amount of information displayed is reduced, and only the most important instruments and displays will be illuminated. When the NIGHT PANEL button is pressed, only the speedometer will be illuminated, all the other instruments illumination being extinguished and their needles moved to zero. The SID display will be extinguished and the backlighting for switches and other controls will be dimmed. Note: All indicator and warning lights, together with the display of CHECK messages, will operate as normal, except ”Outdoor temperature”, see page 68.
The following conditions will wake up the respective displays in the Night-Panel mode: • Setting of the Audio system or, SID (display comes on for ten seconds). • CHECK message generated in the SID. • High engine revs cause the rev counter to be illuminated until the engine speed has fallen again. • If the quantity of fuel remaining falls below 4 gallons (15 liters), the fuel gauge will be illuminated. • If the engine temperature rises above normal, the temperature gauge will be illuminated. • In cars with automatic transmission, if the selector lever is moved from D to position M or L, the selector indication on the main instrument panel will be illuminated. To restore the displays and lighting to the normal mode, press the NIGHT PANEL button.
Units and language versions The SID has four sets of units: METRIC US
CHECK messages can be displayed in six language options: English, Swedish, German, French, Italian and Spanish.
Selecting units and language 1 Switch off the engine. 2 Briefly press i/SETbutton. Repeat this until LANGUAGE/UNITS is displayed. 3 Hold i/SET depressed until a chime sounds. Then select language using or . 4 Briefly press the i/SET button. Then select the units using or . 5 Briefly press the i/SET button.
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Instruments and controls
Parking lights The parking lights can be switched on regardless of the position of the ignition switch. Do not use parking lights when driving. If the parking lights are on and the driver´s door is opened, a reminder to turn them off will sound. Note: The lighting switch must be in parking light or headlight position (low beam position only) to operate the fog lights (see page 76).
Headlights The headlights come on automatically when the ignition is ON and go off when the ignition switch is turned to the LOCK position. The parking lights, however, can be on when the ignition switch is in the LOCK position.
In cold and damp weather, the inside of the headlamp lens may temporarily mist up. This misting does not affect the function or service life of the light fitting. When the lamps are on, the mist will eventually disappear.
The parking lights and daytime running lights come on automatically when the ignition switch is ON. Note to owners in the U.S.: If you do not want Daytime Running Lights, this feature can be disconnected: switch off the engine and remove fuse No. 35 (see page 218). Note to owners in Canada: Daytime Running Lights must not be disconnected as they are a Canadian Federal legal requirement.
Daytime running lights
1 High beam signal 2 High/low beam switching
High/low beam To switch between high and low beam, pull the control stalk fully towards you (position 2). When the high beam is on, the indicator on the main instrument panel will be illuminated.
High beam flasher The headlights come on to high beam when the stalk is pulled to the first spring-loaded position (position 1) and remain on until the stalk is released.
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Instruments and controls
Courtesy Headlight Feature A delay function allows the headlights to remain on low beam for about 30 seconds after the driver’s door has been closed. To activate this function,
In poor visibility, avoid following the tail lights of the vehicle in front of you. If the vehicle stops suddenly, you may be unable to avoid a crash and therefore risk injury to yourself and others.
• Switch off the ignition and remove the key • Open the driver’s door • Pull the high/low beam control stalk towards the steering wheel like you are flashing the high beam, see page 73. The low beam headlights will now come on immediately after the driver’s door has been closed (within 30 seconds) and will remain on for about 30 seconds. The length of time for this function can be adjusted by your authorized Saab dealer.
Rear fog light
Rear fog light Press the button to switch on the rear fog light, which will only come on if the headlights are on. The rear fog light will go off automatically when the engine is switched off. When the fog light is next needed, it will have to be switched on manually again. The rear fog light consists of one light so it is not be mistaken for brake lights. Make sure you are familiar with the applicable provincial/state law regarding the use of rear fog lights.
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Instruments and controls
To switch on the turn signals/lane change indicators, move the stalk up or down. The stalk has fixed positions for indicating a right or left turn, and the indicators are cancelled automatically (stalk returns to off position). The stalk also has an intermediate, spring-loaded position that is useful for signalling when changing lanes or passing. The respective indicator lights on the instrument panel flash at the same frequency as the direction indicators.
1 0 2 IB4126
Turn signal and lane change indicators
Turn signal and lane change indicators 1 Right indicators 2 Left indicators
Instrument illumination The brightness of the instrument illumination can be varied by means of the dimmer switch adjacent to the headlight switch. (See also Night panel on page 72). In daylight or other equally bright light, the instrument and switch illumination is automatically extinguished.
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Instruments and controls
Front fog lights 3 The front fog lights can be activated in both low beam headlight and parking light positions. Fog lights should only be used in poor visibility conditions. Make sure you are familiar with the applicable provincial/state law regarding the use of fog lights.
Hazard warning lights
Hazard warning lights When this button is pressed, all the turn signal indicators and a symbol in the button flash simultaneously. If the ignition is on, both indicator lights on the instrument panel will also flash. If the hazard warning lights are left on for some time, the flasher frequency will be reduced to save the battery. Hazard warning lights should only be used if the car constitutes a hazard to other road users.
Switch on the hazard flashers if the car has to be left at the roadside on account of a crash, engine trouble or a puncture. If you carry a warning triangle or flares, they should be set up along the side of the road 300 ft. (100 m) behind your vehicle. If the car is not clearly visible (e.g. over the brow of a hill or bridge), place the triangle/flare even further back.
Reversing lights The reversing lights come on automatically when reverse gear is engaged or selected with the ignition switched on.
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Instruments and controls
Wipers and washers
There are three intermittent wiper positions. Moving the control stalk to the spring-loaded position between 0 and 2 will produce a single sweep of the wipers. The wipers are designed for optimal cleaning at all driving speeds. At higher speeds, it may be possible to detect a slight ”sweeping” sound. This may be due to the increased air pressure on the blades at higher speeds.
4 0 2
0 1 2 3 4
Headlight washers 3 If low beam is on, the headlights are washed every fifth time the windshield washers are used or if 2 minutes have elapsed since the windshield was last washed. The headlight washers cannot be activated separately. The headlight washers are of the high-pressure type, which means that other parts of the car may become wet if you activate the washers while the car is stationary.
OFF Intermittent operation Low speed High speed Washers
Rain sensing w ipers 3 WARNING Turn the rain sensor off if the ignition is ON when clearing snow and ice from the windshield, to avoid personal injury.
NOTICE To avoid damaging the windshield wipers, turn the rain sensor off before washing the car in an automatic carwash.
Control for setting wiper delay 1 Long delay 2 Short delay
The rain sensor automatically controls the windshield wipers. The sensor is located on the windshield beside the rearview mirror. The system varies between single sweeps of the windshield and continuous wiping depending on how much water or snow there is on the windshield. Activate the system by lifting the control stalk to position 1. The wipers make one sweep for reference to see how much water and snow is on the windshield. In future, the sensor compares the amount of water and snow on the windshield with this reference value.
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Instruments and controls
When the engine has been switched off, the control stalk must be moved to position 0 and back to position 1 to reactivate the sensor. Set the sensitivity using the control on the wiper stalk (the same control as used for wiper delay on cars not fitted with a rain sensor). The sensor has three sensitivity settings. It is most sensitive when in the uppermost position (1). When a higher degree of sensitivity is selected, the wipers make one sweep of the w indshield for reference. The rain sensor has a daylight and a night time mode. The sensor measures the amount of available light and automatically selects the appropriate mode. The sensor is more sensitive at night. The function of the rain sensor is impaired by dry snow.
Rear-window wiper (SportCombi) 3
The rear-window wiper and washer are operated with the same stalk switch as used for washing and wiping the windshield and headlights. This stalk has two additional switches, ON/OFF and . The ON position provides intermittent wiping. The position provides washing and wiping. After a few sweeps the wiper stops or reverts to intermittent wiping, if this has been chosen. About 15 seconds after completion of the washing/wiping of the rear window, the wiper makes a single sweep to wipe away any remaining washer fluid. A spring-loaded position between the OFF and ON positions allows for a single sweep of the rear-window wiper. Intermittent wiping of the rear window occurs when reverse gear is engaged if the windshield wipers are in position 1, 2 or 3, see page 77.
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Instruments and controls
The ACC system automatically works to maintain the desired temperature inside the car. The system will achieve the desired temperature in the quickest possible way. Note that selecting a higher or lower temperature than that desired will not speed up the process. For the ACC system to be most effective, all windows (and moonroof 3) should be closed. Fresh air for the cabin is drawn in through an inlet grille adjacent to the bottom edge of the windshield. The air flows through a filter upstream of the ACC system before delivery to the cabin. Cabin air is evacuated via openings in the rear parcel shelf and then through outlets on either side of the car behind the rear bumper.
ACC panel 1 2 3 4 5
Temperature setting: LH side AUTO: All settings selected automatically Manual setting of fan speed Manual setting of air distribution Temperature setting: RH side
The incoming air is treated in three stages: first it passes through a filter; it is then dehumidified and cooled and, finally, if required, heated. The filter is a combined particle and charcoal filter. It is so efficient that levels of noxious substances such as benzene and toluene are also reduced.
7 6 7 8 9 10
Automatic climate control (ACC)
Recirculation: ON/OFF Rear-window heating: ON/OFF A/C compressor: ON/OFF Ventilated front seats 3 Heated front seats 3
To reduce the likelihood of misting on the insides of the windows, the glass should be cleaned with a quality window cleaner. How often this will need to be done depends on how clean the air is – if there are smokers in the car, cleaning will need to be done more frequently.
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Instruments and controls The system has five sensors:
Outdoor temperature sensor Interior temperature sensor Sun sensor (mounted on top of the fascia) Two blended-air temperature sensors (mounted inside the front floor vents) Note: If anything is placed over the sun sensor, the ACC system will not function properly. IB362
• • • •
1 Interior-temperature sensor 2 Sun sensor
The panel vents swivel in all directions so that air can be directed as desired. In winter, for instance, the outer vents can be directed onto the door windows for enhanced demisting. The flow of air through the panel vents can be controlled individually for each vent by means of the adjacent control. The climate control system works best if the panel vents are open. If you find the air cold or that it is drafty, start by directing the air away from the body. If the center vent is aimed up, it will cool the interior temperature sensor and you may need to adjust ACC up or down, depending upon temperature desired.
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Instruments and controls Temperature control
The cabin is divided into two temperature zones:
Air vent at rear side window
• The driver’s zone • The passenger zone (front and rear seats) The desired temperature can be set between 60 and 80°F. The displayed temperature is not the absolute temperature but corresponds to the comfort level normally experienced at that temperature after allowance has been made for the air flow, relative humidity, solar radiation, etc., currently prevailing inside the car. • The most usual temperature setting is 64–76°F, depending on personal preference and what clothing is worn. • To allow the system time to adjust, changes in the temperature setting shall only be made in steps of 2°F. Once the desired climate has been achieved, the rear center vents can be closed to prevent warm air being distributed at face height. When the ignition is switched off, only the temperature control affects the system the next time the engine is started. The system will warm up/cool down to the temperature to which the control is set.
MAX heat, red indication The MAX heat setting is obtained by turning the temperature control to the first position past 80 (to the red LED). The driver’s side selection regulates air distribution and recirculation status. Temperature, however, can be adjusted on the passenger side. Settings when MAX heat is selected: • Maximum heat • Air distribution to windshield and floor • Recirculation OFF (even if manually selected before) • Fan: high speed MAX cooling, blue indicator The MAX cooling setting is obtained by turning the temperature control to the first position past 60 (to the blue LED). The driver’s side selection regulates air distribution and recirculation status. Temperature, however, can be adjusted on the passenger side. Settings when MAX cooling is selected: • Maximum cooling (A/C compressor will run even if AC OFF manually selected before) • Air distribution through panel vents • Fan: maximum speed • Recirculation ON
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Instruments and controls
Functions Pressing AUTO will cancel all manual settings. If a manual function is selected, it will be locked in but other functions will be controlled automatically. The selected temperature is always maintained automatically. Temperature, air distribution, fan speed and recirculation will be controlled automatically. Pressing AUTO once will cancel all previous manual selections. The ACC system is in AUTO mode when the engine is started. A/C compressor OFF. No cooling of inlet air. Temperature, air distribution and fan speed still under automatic control.
Turn the fan control anticlockwise until "OFF" lights up. ACC system OFF. Fan OFF. A/C compressor OFF. Air distribution selections locked in current settings. Recirculation can be selected manually. Heating 3 and ventilation 3 of the front seats is deactivated. Pressing the AUTO button will put the system into automatic mode. Reactivation by turning the fan control clockwise one click causes the system to resume any manual selections.
The rear window and door mirror heating is controlled manually. Deactivate the heating as soon as the rear window is clear of ice and misting to avoid imposing a heavy load on the battery longer than necessary. Note, however, that heating will deactivate automatically after a set time, depending on the outside temperature. The ACC system can be programmed to activate heating automatically when outside temperature is below +5 °C and the temperature inside the car is below +10 °C. See page 85. Turn the fan control to increase fan speed. If fan speed 0 is selected, the A/C compressor will be disengaged and the indicator on the AC OFF button will illuminate. Recirculation is controlled automatically to optimize cooling although it can also be switched on and off manually. Recirculation does not appreciably change the air quality but it can be useful to switch it on to avoid unpleasant smells from entering the cabin.
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Instruments and controls
One press: When the defroster is chosen manually, all the windows (except the rear side windows, where the air flow is off) are demisted by:
Defroster and floor vents
The defroster function remains active until another selection is made. Note, however, that rear window/door mirror heating will deactivate automatically after a set time, depending on the outside temperature. Two presses: Air is directed to the windscreen without the fan speed being increase or the rear window heating being switched on. To revert to a previous setting, press the AUTO button.
Fan: high speed. The air is directed to the defroster vents. Temperature increases somewhat. Recirculation OFF. Activation of rear window/door mirror heating. Floor vents and rear side windows
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Instruments and controls
Panel (and center rear vent) Starting in cold weather To start with, the system will automatically select the defroster setting, maximum heat and low fan speed. As the engine warms up, air will also be distributed through the floor vents and the fan speed will be increased. As the temperature inside the car nears the selected value, both the fan speed and the heat will be decreased to a level determined by the system. Starting in hot weather The system will automatically distribute air through the panel vents at high fan speed and will switch on the A/C compressor (unless the AC OFF switch has been pressed). If the outdoor temperature is above 77°F (25°C), the system might select recirculation after 0-15 seconds if this is required in order to reach the desired temperature. As the temperature inside the car nears the selected value, the fan speed will be decreased to a value determined by the system.
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Instruments and controls Adaptation of ACC It is also possible to customize the ACC system, e.g. to adapt to driving and weather conditions. Function
Operation in AUTO mode after adaptation
Adaptation and restoration of factory settings is done by holding the respective button depressed approx. 2 seconds until a chime sounds. Make sure the ignition is ON.
Factory setting Function
The rear window heating will Heating is selected come on after the engine has manually. started if the outside temperature is below +5 °C. – This function helps to prevent ice or mist forming on the rear window in cold, damp weather. Fuel consumption may increase slightly. Seat heating comes on if the system determines that heating is necessary based on the temperature in the seat and the outside temperature.
There are two settings for heating. Repeatedly pressing the button switches between low output, high output and off.
Display text in SID Display text in SID when during adaptation factory settings are restored ACC:AUTO RDEFR CTRL
ACC:MANUAL RDEFR CTRL
ACC:AUTO SEAT HEATING
ACC:MANUAL SEAT HEATING
Example: If you want the ACC system to handle activation and deactivation of rear window/door mirror heating, hold the button depressed approx. 2 seconds until a chime sounds. The display shows: ACC:AUTO RDEFR CTRL When “Adaptation of ACC“ is done, it will apply until factory settings are restored.
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Instruments and controls
Calibration is carried out automatically after a certain number of starts if the ignition has been switched off for more than 2 hours. If the battery has been disconnected or has run flat, the system will need to be recalibrated. Calibration is started manually as follows: 1 Start the engine.
When the A/C system is running, the intake air is dehumidified, and the resultant condensation is drained off through two outlets underneath the floor of the car, in the vicinity of the front doors. It is therefore perfectly normal for water to be seen dripping from these outlets when the car is parked. The warmer the ambient air and the higher the humidity, the more condensation water will form.
2 Press and at the same time. When manual calibration starts, ” ACC:CALIBR. STARTED” appears in SID. Calibration takes approx. 30 seconds.
Formation of ice and mist in extreme weather conditions
Useful tips (before taking the car to a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab workshop.) • If the battery has been disconnected or has run flat, the system will need to be recalibrated. See "Calibration" above. • If front seat heating and/or rear window heating do not function satisfactorily, see "Adaptation of ACC" on page 85.
It is only in the most extreme conditions that icing and misting of window glass are likely to be a problem, e.g. in torrential rain or severe cold coupled with high relative humidity, or when passengers are perspiring heavily or wearing wet clothes. The following measures are recommended if such problems should occur: 1 Select AUTO and 21 °C for both temperature zones. 2 Select Defroster. If this is not enough... 3 Increase the fan speed. If this is not enough... 4 Select a higher temperature. The following measures are recommended if the occupants feel that it is cold and draughty in the car:
1 Make sure that all the air vents are fully open, including the center rear vent. If this is not enough... 2 Direct the air flow away from the body. If this is not enough... 3 Raise the temperature setting a degree or two. If this is not enough... 4 Lower the fan speed. Troubleshooting and care, see page 243.
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Instruments and controls
Heated front seats 3
Ventilated front seats 3
Heated rear seat cushion 3
The heating of the seat cushion and backrest of both front seats is adjustable and thermostat-controlled. The heating is adjustable in two stages.
Ventilated front seats, that enhance seating comfort in hot weather, are available as an option on cars equipped with leather-upholstered and electrically adjustable seats. Ventilated seats are equipped with two fans that extract the moist air from between the seat and the body. The fans have two speeds.
Electrically heated seat cushions for the two outer seats in the back are available as an option. The ON/OFF control button for the cushion heating is located on the back of the center console. How long the cushions are heated for depends on the outside temperature. The heating can also be turned off with the button. The button has an integral indicator that is illuminated when the heating is on.
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Saab 9-5 Audio System
Saab 9-5 Audio System
Radio _______________ CD player ____________ CD changer 3 ________ MP3 player ___________ Portable player 3 _____ General functions _____ Sound system ________ Technical data ________ Antennas ____________ Error codes __________ Security lock _________
3 Asterisk means: equipment not fitted in all cars (can depend on model variant, engine variant, market specification, options or accessories).
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Saab 9-5 Audio System
Saab 9-5 Audio System 3 To get the best out of your Saab 9-5 Audio System, we recommend that you read through this entire section. The Saab 9-5 Audio System consists of a head unit with radio, CD player/CD changer 3 for CD and MP3 discs and CD changer 3 in the luggage compartment. The audio system is operated using the steering wheel controls 3 or the control panel buttons. IB3782
Safety first! Cut off power immediately and contact your Saab dealer if the system begins to emit smoke or smells strange. All work on the audio system must be carried out by a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer.
Audio system activation/deactivation. Volume adjust.
Information on artist, album and song title. Display of radio text.
The tone control is used to adjust tone and speaker settings, change CD track or MP3 file and manual adjust radio frequency.
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Saab 9-5 Audio System Activate radio and change frequency band (AM,FM and XMTM 3).
The menu option in the display is selected with the corresponding pushbutton directly underneath.
Auto tuning down and change track/file going back in order of play on CD or MP3 disc.
No function on U.S./CA cars.
Auto tuning up and change track/file forward in order of play on CD or MP3 disc.
Select XMTM 3 program type when the radio is in the XMTM 3 mode.
Manual tuning and rapid play back for a track/file on a CD or MP3 disc.
Cars with CD changer 3: insert CD or MP3 disc or discs.
Manual tuning and rapid play forward for a track/file on a CD or MP3 disc.
Cars without CD-changer 3: set time and date. Eject CD or MP3 disc.
Activate CD media or portable player.
Steering wheel controls 3 l
Scroll among preset pages.
"arrow up"/"arrow down": change preset for radio stations, change track on CD or MP3 player. "Seek UP": auto tuning up, select next track on CD or MP3 disc. Activate radio station scan SRC: press to switch between AM, FM, XMTM 3, CD, MP3, CD changer or portable player. VOL: adjust volume.
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Saab 9-5 Audio System
Switching the audio system On/Off
The audio system will come on:
Volume Turn the ON/OFF control until the desired volume is obtained.
• When the ignition is switched ON and/or the ON/OFF control is pressed.
The audio system will be switched off: • When the ON/OFF control is pressed. • When the ignition key is removed. • One hour after the ignition was switched OFF, if the ignition key has not been removed. • 1 hour after the audio system has been switched on if the key is not in the ignition switch.
Tone and speaker settings Manual tone and speaker settings 1 Press the tone control to open the menu for tone and speaker settings. 2 Press the pushbutton under the desired tone/speaker setting. 3 Adjust the selected setting by turning the tone control. The selected settings can also be adjusted by pressing the SEEK, FWD or REV button. Centering tone and speaker settings Hold the tone control depressed until a chime sounds to center all tone and speaker settings.
Automatic tone setting You can choose to automatically adapt tone setting, A uto EQ (Equalizer), to the tuned station or disc being played. 1 Press the tone control to open the menu for tone settings. 2 Press the pushbutton under the menu option A uto EQ label. 3 Press the pushbutton under the desired tone setting. 4 The tone settings menu automatically returns to the previous menu within 5 seconds.
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Tuning a station
Press the RADIO BAND button to return to radio mode if another audio source is in use.
Fine tuning Turn the tone control one increment or press the REV or FWD button to fine-tune the frequency in increments of 0.2 MHz.
Selecting a radio station Selecting a frequency band Press the RADIO BAND button to change frequency band. The selected frequency band appears on the display. Selecting a preset station Scroll to the desired preset page by pressing the FAV button and then pressing the pushbutton (1-6) under the desired preset station. You can also press or on the steering wheel to select another preset station.
Automatic tuning Press one of the SEEK buttons or the button on the steering wheel for automatic seek tuning. The radio then searches upward in the frequency band for the nearest strong station and stops at that frequency. Manual tuning Turn the tone control or hold the REV or FWD button depressed to seek a frequency manually. Release the control/button to stop at the desired frequency. Scanning radio stations Hold one of the SEEK buttons or the button on the steering wheel depressed until a chime sounds for a 5 second sampling of each station accessible on the frequency band. appears on the display.
Press one of the SEEK buttons or the button on the steering wheel again to cancel the scan and select the radio station being played at that instant.
Storing presets You can store up to 36 radio stations as presets by using the 6 pushbuttons under the display and the FAV button. Press the FAV button to scroll through up to 6 pages with 6 presets per page. Each page can contain a combination of AM, FM and XMTM 3 stations. Storing the current station as a preset To store the current station as a preset: 1 Press the FAV button until you come to the preset page (1-6) at which the station is to be stored. 2 Hold the pushbutton depressed under the spot (1-36) at which the station is to be stored. A chime will sound once the station is stored.
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Number of pages with preset stations To display the number of pages (1-6) with preset stations: 1 Hold the FAV button depressed or press the MENU button and then press the pushbutton under the menu option FA V 1-6.
Setup menu 2 Select the number of preset pages to be displayed by pressing the pushbutton under the menu option with the desired number of preset pages (1-6).
Radio Data System (RDS) The audio system has a Radio Data System (RDS). RDS features are available for use only on FM stations that broadcast RDS information. With RDS, the radio can do the following: • Display radio station name. • Display messages from radio stations. • This system relies on receiving specific information from these stations and will only work when the information is available. In rare cased, a radio station may broadcast incorrect information that will cause the radio features to work improperly. If this happens, contact the radio station. The RDS system is always on. When information is broadcast from the FM station you are listening to, the station name or call letters will be displayed on the display.
Number of preset pages
NOTICE The menu options AF and REG have no function on US/CA cars.
Rolling advertisements Some radio stations present rolling advertisements in the display. • To block rolling advertisements, mark PS-Freeze by pressing the pushbutton directly underneath. • To allow rolling advertisements, deselect PS-Freeze by pressing the pushbutton directly underneath. Press the pushbutton under the arrow symbol or wait until the system automatically returns to the previous menu. Radio text Press the ibutton to show text messages sent by certain radio stations in the display. If there are no text messages, appears on the display.
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Saab 9-5 Audio System XMTM 3 Satellite Radio Service XMTM is a satellite radio service based in the 48 contiguous United States and Canada. XMTM offers a large variety of coastto-coast channels including commercial free music, news, sports, talk, traffic/ weather (U.S. subscriders), and children‘s programming. XMTM provides digital quality audio and text information that includes song title and artist name. A service fee is required in order to receive the XMTM service. For more information, contact XMTM : In the US. at www.xmradio.com or call 1-800-852-XMXM (9696). In Canada at www.xmradio.ca or call 1-877-GET-XMSR (438-9677). When XMTM is active, the channel name, and number, song title and artist can be displayed.
Finding a XMTM 3 station
Remove an XMTM 3 category TM
The PTY button is used to find XM stations when the radio is in the XMTM mode. To find XMTM channels within a desired category, perform the following: 1 Press the RADIO BAND button until the XMTM frequency is displayed. Press the PTY button to display the category labels on the radio display. Continue pressing the PTY button until the desired category name is displayed. 2 Press either of the two pushbuttons below the desired category label to immediately tune to the first XMTM station associated with that category. 3 Turn the tone control, press the buttons below the right or left arrows displayed, or press the right or left SEEK buttons to go to the next or previous XMTM station within the selected category. 4 To exit the category search mode, press the FAV button to display your favorites again.
Undesired XMTM categories can be removed through the Setup menu. To remove an undesired category, perform the following: 1 Press the MENU button to display the radio Setup menu. 2 Press the pushbutton under the menu option XM C A T. 3 Turn the tone control to display the category you wish to remove. 4 Press the pushbutton under the menu option R em ove until the category name along with the word appears on the display. 5 Repeat the steps to remove more categories.
NOTICE The menu option XM C A T can only be accessed when the vehicle is stationary.
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Restore removed XMTM 3 categories Removed categories can be restored by pressing the pushbutton under the menu option A dd when a removed category is displayed or by pressing the pushbutton under the menu option R estore A ll.
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Radio Display Message Condition
No channel available for the There are no channels available for the selected category. The system is working chosen category properly.
No Text/Informational message available
No text or informational messages are available at this time on this channel. The system is working properly.
Theft lock active
The XMTM receiver in the vehicle may have previously been in another vehicle. For security purposes, XMTM receivers cannot be swapped between vehicles. If this message is received after having your vehicle serviced, check with your Saab dealer.
XM Radion ID
Radio ID label (channel 0)
If tuned to channel 0, this message will alternate with the XMTM Radio eight digit radio ID label. This label is needed to activate the service.
Radio ID not known (should If this message is received when tuned to channel 0, there nay be a receiver fault. only be if hardware failure) Consult with your Saab dealer.
Check XM Receiver
If this message does not clear within a short period of time, the receiver may have a fault. Consult with your Saab dealer.
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Saab 9-5 Audio System
CD player NOTICE Do not use CDs with labels or stickers. These labels could detach and cause the audio system to malfunction. Activate the CD player by inserting a disc or by pressing the CD AUX button if a CD is already loaded.
CD player menu
Loading CDs Insert the disc in the slot with the text side up until the mechanism loads the disc. The first track is played. If the disc is wrong-side-up, it will be ejected automatically. Once all the tracks have been played, the CD player will restart from track 1. The CD player is turned off by pressing ON/OFF to turn off the audio system or by selecting another audio source.
Rapid playing tracks
Press the EJECT button to eject the CD. If you press EJECT without removing the ejected disc, the player will reload the disc after 10 seconds for reasons of safety.
To rapid play the current track, hold REV or FWD depressed. Release the button to stop rapid play and return to normal playback.
Selecting and changing tracks
You can allow the CD player to choose tracks randomly, i.e. not to play the tracks in numerical order. • To play tracks randomly, press the pushbutton under the menu option R D M . • To resume playing tracks in numerical order, press the pushbutton under the menu option R D M again.
Turn the tone control or press the SEEK buttons to select or change to the preceding or next track. The track number appears in the display. If the current track has played for at least 10 seconds, you can start the track from the beginning by pressing SEEK (arrow left). If you press SEEK (arrow right) while the last track of the disc is playing, the first track will play. If you press SEEK (arrow left) while the first track of the disc is playing, the last track will play. The same function applies to the steering wheel.
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CD changer 3
Loading several CDs The CD changer can be loaded with up to 6 discs. To load several discs in the CD changer:
NOTICE Do not use CD or CD-R discs with labels or stickers. These labels could detach and cause the audio system to malfunction. Activate the CD changer by inserting one or more CD/MP3 discs or by pressing the CD AUX button if one or more discs is already loaded.
1 Hold LOAD depressed for 2 seconds. A chime sounds and the following appears on the display: 2 Follow the instructions on the display to load the discs. 3 If you do not wish to load more CDs, press LOAD to cancel.
Loading CDs Loading a CD 1 Press the LOAD button. The following appears on the display: 2 Wait until the loading mechanism is ready for the disc. The following appears on the display: 3 Insert the disc in the slot with the text side up until the mechanism loads the disc. The following appears on the display: If the disc is wrong-side-up, it will be ejected automatically.
CD changer menu The CD changer is turned off by pressing ON/OFF to turn off the audio system or by selecting another audio source.
Removing CDs Removing a CD 1 Press EJECT to eject the disc. A chime sounds and the following appears on the display: 2 Remove the ejected disc when the following appears on the display:
Remove CD If you press EJECT without removing the ejected disc, the player will reload the disc after 10 seconds for reasons of safety. Removing several CDs Hold EJECT depressed for 2 seconds to remove all discs from the CD changer. A chime sounds and the following appears on the display:
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Selecting and changing tracks
Turn the tone control or press the SEEK buttons to select or change to the preceding or next track. The track number appears in the display. If the current track has played for at least 10 seconds, you can start the track from the beginning by pressing SEEK (arrow left). If you press SEEK (arrow right) while the last track of the disc is playing, the first track will play. If you press SEEK (arrow left) while the first track of the disc is playing, the last track will play.
Press the pushbuttons under the menu option C D in the display to change CDs. For selecting/changing MP3 folder, see page 103.
You can allow the CD changer to choose tracks randomly from all CDs, i.e. not to play the tracks in numerical order.
The same function applies to and the steering wheel. For selecting/changing MP3 files, see page 102.
• To play tracks randomly, press the pushbutton under the menu option R D M . • To resume playing tracks in numerical order, press the pushbutton under the menu option R D M again. For random playback of MP3 files, see page 103.
Rapid playing tracks To rapid play the current track, hold REV or FWD depressed. Release the button to stop rapid play and return to normal playback. For rapid playing an MP3 file, see page 103.
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Saab 9-5 Audio System
MP3 player NOTICE Do not use CD-R discs with labels or stickers. These labels could detach and cause the audio system to malfunction. The audio system can play MP3 files recorded on an CD-R disc with the following bit speed: 32 - 320 kbps. Sound quality may vary depending on the quality of the CD-R disc, recording method and quality of the recorded music. The audio system can read and play a maximum of 50 MP3 files, 50 playlists, 10 sessions and 255 MP3 files. Discs containing several folders, playlists, sessions and files can be played up to the max. limit. Anything over the max. limit will be ignored.
Activating the MP3 player
Removing MP3 discs
Activate the MP3 player by inserting a CD-R disc with MP3 files into the slot or by pressing the CD AUX button if a disc with MP3 files is already loaded. The first file in the first playlist on the disc is played and the following appears on the display:
Press the EJECT button to eject the MP3 disc. If you press EJECT without removing the ejected disc, the player will reload the disc after 10 seconds for reasons of safety. For removing one or more MP3 discs from the CD changer, see page 100.
Loading MP3 discs To load an MP3 disc, insert the disc in the slot with the text side up until the mechanism loads the disc. The first MP3 file in the first playlist of the disc will then be played. If the disc is wrong-side-up, it will be ejected automatically. For loading one or more MP3 discs in the CD changer, see page 100.
Selecting/changing MP3 file Turn the tone control or press the SEEK buttons to select or change to the preceding or next MP3 file in the current MP3 folder or playlist. The MP3 file number appears in the display. If the current MP3 file has played for at least 10 seconds, you can start the MP3 file from the beginning by pressing SEEK (arrow left). If you press SEEK (arrow right) while the last MP3 file in a folder or playlist is playing, the first MP3 file of the folder or playlist will play. If you press SEEK (arrow left) while the first MP3 file in a folder or playlist is playing, the last MP3 file of the folder or playlist will play. The same function applies to the steering wheel.
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Selecting/changing MP3 folder
• Press the left pushbutton under the Folder symbol to play the first MP3 file in the preceding MP3 folder on the disc. • Press the right pushbutton under the Folder symbol to play the first MP3 file of the next MP3 folder on the disc.
Files on a CD-R disc will be played in the following order:
To play MP3 files sorted by artist or album, press the pushbutton under the magnifying glass in the display. The CD player searches through the disc and sorts files by artist and album. This could take several minutes depending on the number of MP3 files on the disc. Once the sort is complete, select sort order by pressing the pushbutton under the menu option Sort.
Rapid playing an MP3 file To rapid play the current MP3 file, hold REV or FWD depressed. Release the button to stop rapid play and return to normal playback.
Random playback of MP3 files You can allow the MP3 player to randomly select MP3 files, i.e. not to play the files in numerical order. • For random playback of MP3 files, press the pushbutton under the menu option RDM . • To resume playing MP3 files in numerical order, press the pushbutton under the menu option R D M again.
Random playback of MP3 files
• The first MP3 file in the first playlist will be played, followed by all files in each playlist. When the last MP3 file in the last playlist has been played, playback starts from the beginning with the first MP3 file in the first playlist. • The first MP3 file in the first MP3 folder will be played, followed by all files in each folder. When the last MP3 file in the last folder has been played, playback starts from the beginning with the first MP3 file in the first folder.
• To sort and play MP3 files by artist, press the pushbutton under the menu option A rtist. • To sort and play MP3 files by album, press the pushbutton under the menu option A lbum .
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Song title, artist name, etc. If a disc has been recorded with ID3 data (version 1 & 2), the song title, artist name, album title and MP3 folder name can be shown in the display. 1 Press the i button. 2 Press the pushbutton under the desired menu option. The song title, artist name, album title or MP3 folder name appears in the display. 3 Press the pushbutton under the arrow symbol to return to the previous menu. File names with more than 32 characters or four pages will be shortened.
Portable player WARNING Place the portable player where it cannot be thrown around and cause personal injury in the event of a collision.
AUX input 3 The AUX input is located at the bottom right of the audio system. It can be used to connect a portable unit, such as an MP3 player, to the audio system. Adjust the sound settings using the control panel or the steering wheel controls. To change tracks, fast forward, etc., use the controls on the portable player.
AUX input at the bottom right of the audio system
Connecting and activating a portable player 1 Connect the unit to the audio system via the AUX input. 2 Press the CD AUX button to activate the portable player.
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General functions WARNING Adjustments should be made when the car is stationary so that attention to traffic is not reduced, increasing the likelihood of an accident.
Setting time and date Cars without CD changer 1 Press the Clock button. 2 Press the pushbutton under the menu option you wish to change. 3 Press the pushbutton again to increase time or date one increment at a time. You can also adjust time and date by pressing the SEEK, FWD or REV button.
Cars with CD changer 1 Press the MENU button. 2 Press the pushbutton under the clock symbol in the display. 3 Press the pushbutton under the menu option you wish to change. 4 Press the pushbutton again to increase time or date one increment at a time. You can also adjust time and date by pressing the SEEK, FWD or REV button.
Time and date display 1 In the clock menu, press the pushbutton under the arrow symbol in the display. 2 Specify whether time should be displayed with the 12-hour or 24-hour system and in which order date is to be indicated by pressing the pushbutton under the desired menu option.
Time and date display Setting time and date
NOTICE The menu option RDS <clock> has no function on US/CA cars.
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Saab 9-5 Audio System
Speed dependent volume compensation As vehicle speed increases, ambient noise also increases. If you do not wish to continually adjust the volume, the audio system can automatically adjust volume based on an increase or decrease in vehicle speed. Select one of four settings: • • • •
O ff(no compensation) Low (low compensation) M ed (medium compensation) H igh (maximum compensation)
1 Press the MENU button. 2 Press the pushbutton under the menu option A U TO VO LU M E . 3 Press the pushbutton under the desired speed compensation.
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Sound system The sound system is called harman/kardon® Sound System. Loudness is controlled automatically by the audio system, boosting the highest and lowest frequency ranges to enhance the sound image when the volume is set to a low level. Sound reproduction is therefore excellent whatever the volume setting. The 9-5 SportCombi has 8 speakers as there is only one subwoofer in the luggage compartment.
harman/kardon® Sound System The harman/kardon® Sound System system has 9 speakers: three mounted in the instrument panel fascia (the center speaker further enhances the sound image), one in each door and two subwoofers in the parcel shaft. The subwoofers enhance reproduction of the lowest bass notes.
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Technical data Tone controls Bass_____________ ±8 dB at 100 Hz Treble ____________ ±8 dB at 16 kHz Power output harman/kardon® Sound System __ 200 W 150 W at 1% THD and 13.5 V Radio module Radio system ______ PLL frequency synthesizer tuner. Number of presets FM/AM/XMTM 3 _ 6 x 6 Frequency range FM ___________ 87.7 - 107,9 MHz AM ___________ 530 - 1710 kHz
Tuning steps Automatic tuning _
FM 200 kHz AM 10 kHz Manual tuning ___ FM 200 kHz AM 10 kHz Frequency range (FM) 40 – 11000 Hz ±1 dB Distortion (FM) _____ < 0.5% CD player and CD changer 1-bit system and 8 x oversampling Frequency range ___ 20 – 20000 Hz ±1 dB Distortion _________ <0.005% Dynamics _________ >85 dB CD changer capacity 6 discs Specifications in accordance with EIA Interim Standard. THD = Total Harmonic Distortion
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Antennas The audio system has two antennas incorporated in the rear window: one for FM and one for AM.
NOTICE Refrain from placing hard or sharp objects on the rear parcel shelf, to avoid damaging the antenna leads.
• Roof loads can negatively affect telecommunication, GPS reception and the performance of the XMTM system 3. • If sun film is fitted to the rear window, it must be a pure-plastic variety to maintain good radio reception. Ensure that the film does not contain any metal.
The XMTM Satellite Radio antenna 3 is located on the roof of the vehicle. Keep this antenna clear of snow and ice build up for clear radio reception.
Diversity antenna 3
Multipath propagation occurs when radio waves from an FM transmitter are reflected by a large building, or the like, causing them to arrive slightly later than the direct waves. This can create interference to radio reception. See also "Diversity antenna".
To improve radio reception when the topography is a problem, a second FM antenna, known as a diversity antenna, can be fitted in the rear window. Consult a Saab dealer for further information.
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Radio waves, FM/AM
Because FM radio waves travel in straight lines from the transmitter, a shadow effect can occur when tall buildings or hills obstruct the propagation path from the transmitter to the car.
If the radio is tuned to a weak transmitter in the vicinity of a stronger one, the car’s antennas will receive signals from both. Such interference is apparent when the unwanted broadcast can be heard faintly in the background.
FM radio waves radiate in straight lines from the transmitter. Because such waves do not follow the curvature of the Earth, their strength becomes weaker the further they travel. That is why a large number of transmitters is needed to provide good reception. AM waves, on the other hand, are reflected off the ionosphere, thus greatly extending their range.
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Saab 9-5 Audio System
Security lock WARNING
NOTICE Proceed with care if rectifying a fault. If in doubt, contact a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer. The audio system has a built-in diagnostics function. If a fault is detected, a error code is generated to help workshop technicians to diagnose the fault. Below are the codes for some faults that you might be able to rectify yourself. Error code
• CD is dirty, scratched, loaded wrong-side-up or defective. • The CD may be improperly burned.
The CD player/CD changer is classified as Class 1 laser equipment. • Service and repair work must only be carried out by authorized technicians. • If the casing is damaged, hazardous laser radiation can occur.
NOTICE All work on the audio system must be carried out by a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer.
The audio system is equipped with an electronic security lock. The special code is unique to the car in which the audio system is fitted. Each time the audio system is switched on, a check is made to ensure that the code is correct. If not, the following will appear on the display: If the audio system is to be transferred to another car (Saab 9-5), a Saab dealer must be contacted to provide the right code for the audio system.
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Interior equipment and trunk
Steering wheel adjustment WARNING Never adjust the steering wheel unless the car is stationary. IB3869
Fore-and-aft and tilt adjustment of the steering wheel is possible. Pull down the lever fully until you hear a click. Move the steering wheel to the desired position and then raise the lever. The lever should lock with a click. Make sure that the lever is fully locked before driving off.
The horn is sounded by pressing the central part of the steering wheel. Press closest to the steering wheel rim.
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Interior equipment and trunk
Electric windows WARNING
• The person operating the electric windows is responsible for ensuring that no one, especially children, has their head, hands or fingers in the window openings, before raising the windows. Raising the windows could otherwise cause serious or fatal injuries. • Do not extend your arm, head etc. out of an open window while driving. The electric motors of the front windows are equipped with overload protection (integrated thermal protection). This protection operates when the windows are wound down automatically (switch pressed fully down).
Bear in mind the pinch hazard when the side windows are being wound up. • Always remove the ignition key when you leave the car. This prevents personal injury caused by the electric windows, for example, due to children playing. 1 Window switches 2 Switch for rendering rear door window switches inoperative
To open: Front windows: press the front of the switch Rear windows: Press the back of the switch. The switches for the front windows have a third position for automatic opening of the window. Press the switch fully down to lower the window completely. To cancel automatic lowering of the window, lift the switch briefly.
To close: Front windows: Lift the front of the switch. Rear windows: Lift the back of the switch. The actuating motor will be switched off automatically when the window is fully closed or when the switch is released.
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Interior equipment and trunk
Switch for rear side window
Child safety: rear windows (ON/OFF)
The window switches on the rear doors can be rendered inoperative by the ON/OFF switch in the panel on the center console. When the switch is ON, the rear side windows can be operated by the switch on each rear door. The switch’s back lighting will be activated. When the switch is OFF, the rear side windows can only be operated from the panel on the center console. When off, the switch’s back lighting will also be switched off.
Door mirrors The door mirrors may have an auto dimming function 3 and the passenger side door mirror is of the wide-angle ‘‘aspheric” type.
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Interior equipment and trunk
Adjusting the door mirrors
Door mirror folded in
1 Select mirror 2 Use touch pad to adjust mirror
The adjusting switch is on the driver’s door. If the car is equipped with a programmable driver’s seat, the settings of the door mirrors can also be stored in the preset buttons for the seat (see page 20).
The door mirrors are designed to fold back if knocked. They can also be fully retracted for parking in tight spaces, such as on the car deck of a ferry. Remember to fold them out again before driving off.
NOTICE The door mirrors should be fully retracted before the car enters an automatic car wash.
Button for angling passenger’s mirror down when reversing Cars equipped with a programmable driver’s seat 3 also have the ability to angle the passenger’s mirror down when reversing, e.g. for a better view of the curb. 1 Select reverse. 2 Press the tiny button adjacent to the doormirror switch to tilt the mirror. The mirror will be reset automatically when reverse gear is deselected. The mirror glass can also be adjusted manually by gently pressing the glass in the desired direction. The mirrors are heated, and the heating comes on and goes off with the rear-window heater.
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Interior equipment and trunk Interior rearview auto-dimming mirror with garage door opener, and digital compass 3 WARNING
Rearview mirror 1 Day position 2 Night position
Rearview mirror The rearview mirror has day/night positions that can be selected by means of a knob beneath the mirror. Adjust the mirror in day position.
Make sure that people and objects are out of the way of a moving door or gate to prevent potential harm or damage. When programming the garage opener, you may be operating a garage door or gate operator. Therefore it is advised to park outside of the garage. Do not use the garage opener with any garage door opener that lacks the safety stop and reverse feature as required by federal safety standards. (This includes any garage door opener model manufactured before April 1, 1982.). A garage door opener which cannot detect an object, signalling the door to stop and reverse, does not meet current federal safety standards. Using a garage door opener without these features increases risk of serious injury or death.
Buttons for garage opener and compass 1-3 Garage opener 4 LED 5 Compass/auto dimming ON/OFF 6 Compass bearing
Retain your original garage door transmitter for future programming procedures (i.e., new vehicle purchase). It is also suggested that upon the sale of the vehicle, the programmed garage opener buttons be erased for security purposes.
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Interior equipment and trunk Preparations for first-time programming Before programming the garage opener for the first time, you must delete any factory codes. Press and hold the two outer buttons until the indicator light begins to flash-after 20 seconds. Release both buttons. Do not hold for longer that 30 seconds. The garage opener is now in the train (or learning) mode and can be programmed at any time beginning with "Programming" - step 2. Programming The garage opener can record and store the frequencies of three different remote controls. The battery in the remote control should be fairly new for programming to work well. Do not repeat "Programming" - step two to train additional devices to a second or third button. Begin with "Programming" step three. 1 Turn the ignition ON. 2 Press and hold the two outer buttons (buttons one and three) - releasing only when the indicator light begins to flash (after 20 seconds). Do not hold the buttons for longer than 30 seconds and do not repeat step two to program a second and/or third hand-held transmitter to the remaining two buttons. 3 Position the end of your hand-held transmitter 1-3 inches (5-14 cm) away from the button you wish to program while keeping the indicator light in view. The
transmitter should face the mirror from below or left side of the mirror. 4 Simultaneously press and hold both the chosen and hand-held transmitter buttons. Do not release the buttons until step 5 has been completed. Note: Some gate operators and garage door openers may require you to replace this Programming Step 4 with procedures noted in the "Gate Operator / Canadian Programming" section. 5 After the indicator light changes from a slow to a rapidly blinking light, release both the mirror and hand-held transmitter buttons. 6 Press and hold the just-trained button and observe the indicator light. If the indicator light stays on constantly, programming is complete and your device should activate when the button is pressed and released. Note: To program the remaining two buttons, begin with "Programming" - step three. Do not repeat step two. If the indicator light blinks rapidly for two seconds and then turns to a constant light continue with "Programming" steps 7-9 to complete the programming of a rolling code equipped device (most commonly a garage door opener). 7 At the garage door opener receiver (motor-head unit) in the garage, locate the "learn" or "smart" button. This can usually be found where the hanging
antenna wire is attached to the motor-head unit. 8 Firmly press and release the "learn" or "smart" button. (The name and color of the button may vary by manufacturer.) Note: There are 30 seconds in which to initiate step nine. 9 Return to the vehicle and firmly press, hold for two seconds and release the programmed button. Repeat the "press/hold/release" sequence a second time, and, depending on the brand of the garage door opener (or other rolling code equipped device), repeat this sequence a third time to complete the programming process. The garage opener should now activate your rolling code equipped device. Note: To program the remaining two buttons, begin with "Programming" - step three. Do not repeat step two.
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Interior equipment and trunk
Gate Operator / Canadian Programming Canadian radio-frequency laws require transmitter signals to "time-out" (or quit) after several seconds of transmission which may not be long enough for the garage opener to pick up the signal during programming. Similar to this Canadian law, some U.S. gate operators are designed to "time-out" in the same manner. If you live in Canada or you are having difficulties programming a gate operator by using the "Programming" procedures (regardless of where you live), replace "Programming " step 4 with the following: Note: If programming a garage door opener or gate operator, it is advised to unplug the device during the "cycling" process to prevent possible overheating. Continue to press and hold the button while you press and release - every two seconds ("cycle") your hand-held transmitter until the frequency signal has successfully been accepted by the garage opener. (The indicator light will flash slowly and then rapidly.) Proceed with "Programming" step five to complete.
NOTICE Switch off the power supply to the garage door or gate (or park the car beyond the range of the remote control) while programming using the "cycling" method to prevent damaging the electrical motor.
Reprogramming a single button To program a device to the garage opener using a button previously trained, follow these steps: 1 Press and hold the desired button. DO NOT release the button. 2 The indicator light will begin to flash after 20 seconds. Without releasing the button, proceed with "Programming" step 3.
Erasing the three buttons To erase programming from the three buttons (individual buttons cannot be erased but can be "reprogrammed" as outlined below), follow the step noted: • Press and hold the two outer buttons until the indicator light begins to flash-after 20 seconds. Release both buttons. Do not hold for longer that 30 seconds. The garage opener is now in the train (or learning) mode and can be programmed at any time beginning with "Programming" step 3.
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Interior equipment and trunk Opening a garage door To operate, simply press and release the programmed button. Activation will now occur for the trained device (i.e. garage door opener, gate operator, security system, entry door lock, home/office lighting, etc.). For convenience, the hand-held transmitter of the device may also be used at any time.
NOTICE Switch off the power supply to the garage door or gate (or park the car beyond the range of the remote control) while programming using the "cycling" method to prevent damaging the electrical motor.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment. Canada only: This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference, including interference that may cause undesired operation of this device.
Rearview auto-dimming mirrors 3 The autodimming is activated and deactivated with a short push on button 2. If the mirror is equipped with Garage Door Opener (option) the letter 1 is displayed on compass bearing display briefly when auto dimming is activated. When deactivating the letter 0 is displayed. The interior rearview mirror has two sensors, one forward-facing and one rear-facing. They also activate and deactivate the auto dimming feature on door mirrors. The system is activated when the forward-facing sensor detects that it is dark outside and the rear-facing sensor detects. For example, if the car following has not dimmed its headlights. The rearview mirrors are then darkened to prevent the strong light source from dazzling the driver. This darkening is stepless. The mirrors return to their normal states when the strong light source diminishes. The auto dimming function can be turned OFF with the switch on the lower edge of the rear-view mirror. NOTE Towing a trailer can cause the system to malfunction, as the rear-facing sensor may sense light from the trailer.
1 Forward-facing sensor 2 ON/OFF switch, auto dimming function 3 Rear-facing sensor
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Interior equipment and trunk
Compass The compass is integrated in the rearview mirror. The compass bearing is displayed in the top right-hand corner of the mirror and is updated every other second. The compass displays the car’s direction of travel: N, NE, E, etc. Switch the compass display on and off by pressing button 5 for 3 seconds.
Compass zones in Canada Changing zones The earth’s magnetic fields vary depending on one’s position on the globe. If you drive your car from one magnetic zone to another the compass setting will need to be changed to ensure a correct bearing. 1 Study the illustrations to determine the correct zone. 2 Press and hold button 5 until "ZONE" is shown in the display on the mirror (6 seconds). The zone number setting now is also shown. 3 Press button 5 repeatedly to change the zone number. There are 15 zones from which to choose. Once the correct zone is selected, release the button and wait 4 seconds. The compass will now display the bearing.
Compass zones in US Calibration Calibration is performed automatically during travel. If an accessory, such as a mobile phone, is fitted and it can be assumed that the compass is affected, the compass may need to be calibrated manually. 1 Press and hold button 5 until "CAL" and the compass bearing are displayed (approx. 9 seconds). 2 Drive in circles (max. 5 mph/8 km/h) or drive as normal until "CAL" is no longer displayed.
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Interior equipment and trunk
Moonroof 3 WARNING
• The person operating the electric moonroof is responsible for ensuring that no one, especially children, has their head, hands or fingers in the opening, before closing the moonroof. Operating the moonroof could otherwise cause serious or fatal injuries. • Do not extend your arm, head etc. out of an open moonroof while driving. The moonroof is operated by the switch on the overhead panel above the rearview mirror. The moonroof can be opened partially or fully. To open: • Slide the control towards the rear to open the moonroof to the comfort position. To open it fully, slide the control back a second time. Press the control to stop it earlier.
Bear in mind the pinch hazard when closing the moonroof. • Always remove the ignition key when you leave the car. This prevents personal injury caused by the electric moonroof, for example, due to children playing.
Moonroof control 1 To open 2 To close 3 Ventilation position
To close: • Slide the control forwards until the moonroof is closed. Ventilation position • Press the middle of the control (when moonroof closed). • To close: slide the control forwards. To fully open the moonroof from the ventilation position, slide the control back. The moonroof incorporates an interior, manual, sliding sun blind. If the car is newly waxed, the moonroof may creak when opened to the ventilation position or when driving with the moonroof closed. The sound comes from the area where the front edge of the moonroof meets
the metal roof. Open the moonroof fully and, using washer fluid, clean the seal on the leading edge of the moonroof and the painted surface against which this seals when the moonroof is closed.
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Interior equipment and trunk 1 2
Manual operation of moonroof
Emergency operation of moonroof In an emergency (e.g. if there is an electrical failure) the moonroof can be operated by a screwdriver. Remove the cover at the front of the moonroof opening, insert a screwdriver in the groove, and rotate. Rotate counterclockwise to close moonroof.
1 Interior lighting on continuously 2 Lighting comes on when a door is opened 3 Lighting always off
Interior lighting The interior lighting consists of one dome light in the front and one in the back, a map-reading light in the front, two reading lights in the back, floor courtesy lights in the front (in some model variants) and door courtesy lights on all doors. The courtesy lights come on automatically when the respective door is opened. Each reading light has its own switch adjacent to the lamp.
The switch for the dome lights is on the front overhead panel. When the switch is in the mid-position (door-activated), the interior lighting will come on: • When the car is unlocked from the outside. • When any door is opened. • When the ignition key is withdrawn from the ignition switch. Lighting goes out 30 seconds after the doors have been closed or: • when the ignition is switched ON, provided that the cabin lighting control is in the center position • when the car is locked with the remote control.
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Interior equipment and trunk
Luggage-compartment lighting The luggage-compartment lighting comes on automatically when the trunk is opened and goes out when the trunk is closed. The lighting will also be switched off automatically after 20 minutes if the trunk has been left open.
1 Reading lights 2 Dome light
There is also a light in the sun visors. The light comes on when the cover over the vanity mirror is opened. When the ignition is OFF, if a door has been left open for 20 minutes, the interior lighting will be switched off automatically to save the battery.
Sun visors If the car is equipped with double sun visors. One section of the visor can be independently pivoted to the side window. A vanity mirror is provided on the back of the sun visors. The vanity mirrors are illuminated when the cover is raised.
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Interior equipment and trunk
Power Outlet 3 WARNING The maximum combined load for the two power outlets is 240 W (20 A). You can use the electrical socket to charge a mobile phone, for example.
Glove compartment WARNING The glove compartment must be closed while travelling. An open glove compartment door could cause leg injuries in the event of a crash. The glove compartment can be cooled by the air conditioning (ACC) system. Cold air can be directed to the glove compartment for keeping drinks cool, etc. Slide the cover to open/close the air inlet. Additional storage facilities are provided (see next page).
Sliding cover in glove compartment to admit cold air
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Interior equipment and trunk WARNING
• The cup holder should not be used to hold cups made of china, glass or hard plastic as these can cause injury in the event of a crash.
Cup holder in fascia 1 Press symbol to open 2 Lift bottom to close
• Avoid spillage, particularly of hot drinks. • Avoid putting oversized cups in the cup holder.
• Use only for paper cups or aluminium cans.
Cup holder in rear armrest 3 Press the edge to open/close.
Cup holders are provided in the instrument panel fascia, in the center console compartment between the front seats, and in the rear-seat armrest (certain variants only). To access the cup holder in the instrument panel, press the symbol and release. To access the cup holder in the rear seat armrest, lower the armrest and press the front edge of the holder. Close in the same way. The number of cup holders provided may vary between models.
Take care not to spill any liquid on the audio system, ignition switch or the like when using the cup holders. Soft drinks in particular can cause malfunction.
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Interior equipment and trunk
Folding the rear seat, 9-5 Sedan The rear seat is split and the two sections can be folded independently. Folding down of the rear seat is easier if the front seats are not all the way back, and the rear head restraints are folded down. 1 Raise the rear seat cushions by pulling the loop located between the cushion and the backrest. 2 Tip the seat cushion forward. 3 Press the button adjacent to the respective backrest to release it. 4 Fold down the backrest.
• Never leave a child or animal unattended in the car. During sunny weather the temperature in the passenger and luggage compartments can climb to 158–176°F (70–80°C). Small children are very susceptible to heat stroke. • Rear-seat passengers should always ensure that the head restraint is raised and in proper position for the seats to be occupied. • Keep hands well clear of all moving parts. • Never place heavy objects on the rear window shelf. There is always a danger of loose objects flying about and causing injury if the car should brake suddenly or be involved in a crash. • Before folding up the backrest, hang the outer safety belts onto the hook on the respective courtesy handle to prevent them from becoming trapped. • Check that the seatbelt locks do not get trapped under the seat cushions when these are raised back up. • Make sure that the backrest is locked when it is restored to an upright position. Check that the back rest release button (3) is flush with the surround before entering the rear seat. This indicates that the backrest is locked.
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Interior equipment and trunk
• Never overload the cargo net 3. If the elastic breaks this may cause personal injury. Do not use a cargo net that shows signs of wear. • Secure heavy and bulky items using the tie down points provided in the trunk. This will avert the danger of luggage flying around if the car should brake suddenly or be involved in a crash (see page 131). • Secure small items if the backrest is folded down or the load-through hatch is open. Small items can also be thrown around inside the car and cause personal injury. • Do not exceed the load capacity of the car, as this will alter its handling characteristics (see page 258).
• Place heavy items closest to the backrest and stow smaller and lighter items on top.
Outer safety belt hooked onto courtesy handle
• Make sure that the seat cushions and backrests are properly secured when folding them back to their normal position. Check that the button (item 3 on page 129) is flush with the surround before entering the back seat.
The tail pipe of the exhaust system can become very hot during driving. Bear this in mind when loading and unloading the car so that children, for example, do not burn themselves.
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Interior equipment and trunk
A trunk pass-through hatch is incorporated in the rear seat backrest to enable long, narrow items to be carried inside the car. Items should not weigh more than 33 lbs. (15 kg) nor be more than 2 yards (2 metres) in length. See the label on the hatch. 1 Fold down the armrest. 2 Raise the hatch by lifting the handle. Before loading or unloading long items, switch off the engine and apply the parkingbrake. This averts the danger of the car moving off suddenly if a long item were to knock the gear or selector lever into gear.
Trunk pass-through hatch
WARNING • Anchor the load securely (e.g. using middle safety belt) to avoid danger of injury resulting from displacement of load on hard braking. • Do not exceed the load capacity of the car, as this will alter its handling characteristics (see page 258).
The tie downs for securing the load are fitted inside the trunk. Place the load as far in as possible.
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Interior equipment and trunk
Folding the rear seat, 9-5 SportCombi Both the narrow and wide sections of the rear seat can be folded separately. Folding is facilitated if the front seats are not located too far back. The wide section cannot be folded separately if a cargo net (accessory) is mounted on the rear of the backrest.
1 Make sure that the head restraint is in the down position. For height adjustment refer to page 21. 2 Put the safety belts for the outer seat places in their respective belt clips, which are located near the backrest (see illustration). 3 Raise the rear seat cushions by pulling the loop located between the cushion and the backrest. 4 Fold the narrow section (right) of the backrest forward by raising the opening handle on the right-hand side. 5 Fold the wide section of the backrest forward in the corresponding manner. 6 Adjust the front seats for optimal driving/passenger comfort.
NOTICE Safety belt located in its belt clip
The safety belts for the outer seating positions should be put in their respective belt clips near the backrest to prevent them from being pinched when the rear seat is raised to the upright position.
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Interior equipment and trunk Parcel shelf, 9-5 SportCombi WARNING
• Do not travel in the back seat without ensuring that the head restraint is set at a suitable height for the seats to be occupied. • Never allow anyone to sit on a folded backrest. • Always be aware of the risk of pinching when handling moving parts of the seating. • Never place heavy objects on the parcel shelf. There is always a danger of loose objects flying about and causing injury if the car should brake suddenly or be involved in a crash. • Make sure that the backrests are locked when they are folded back upright. Check that the two red warning-indication flags are fully down. This indicates that the backrests are locked. • Check that the safety belt lock is not trapped under the seat cushions when these are raised back up. • Never leave a child or animal unattended in the car. During sunny weather the temperature in the passenger and luggage compartments can climb to 158–176°F (70–80°C). Small children are very susceptible to heat stroke.
Fold the parcel shelf as follows: 1 Press the rear edge of the shelf downwards and forwards. 2 Continue pressing the folded section forward until it is folded over the front section. Extend the parcel shelf as follows: 1 Hold the rear edge of the shelf and pull it back. 2 The shelf rests on a track located beneath the rear side windows. Make sure that the rear corner fits in the recess. Otherwise it will not lie flat. Alternative location of the parcel shelf if this is removed: • Folded up on the floor at the rear of the luggage compartment. • On its end on the floor behind the front seat backrest.
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Interior equipment and trunk
Folding the narrow section of the backrest
NOTICE The safety belts for the outer seating positions should be put in their respective belt clips near the back rest to prevent them being pinched when the rear seat is raised to the upright position, see illustration page 132.
The folding is facilitated if the front seat is not too far back. 1 Make sure that the head restraint is in the down position. For height adjustment refer to page 21. 2 Put the safety belt in the belt clip near the backrest. 3 Raise the rear seat cushion by pulling the loop located at the rear of the cushion. 4 Fold the narrow section (right) of the backrest forward by raising the opening handle. 5 Adjust the front seat for optimal passenger comfort.
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Interior equipment and trunk Load anchoring WARNING • Put heavy loads as low down and as far forward as possible in the luggage compartment, i.e. against the back of the rear seat. • Never overload the cargo net 3. If the elastic breaks this may cause personal injury. Do not use a cargo net that shows signs of wear. • Never stack cargo so high that any part of the cargo lies above the edge of the backrest, if a cargo guard 3 is not being used. • Always tie down the cargo so that it cannot be thrown forward during heavy braking or in the event of a crash. • Unsecured and heavy cargo can increase the risk of injury during hard braking, sudden avoidance maneuvers and in the event of a crash. • For the best load anchoring, use the special cargo tie down eye and load straps 3. • Load the cargo tie down eyes evenly. Never attach more than one strap to each tie down eye.
• Provide protection on sharp edges to prevent damage to the load straps. • Never use the elastic floor net 3 and elastic side net (accessory) when the rear seat is folded down. These nets are only intended to keep light objects tidy, not for the anchoring of loads. • If possible, avoid having the rear seat folded down when driving with a heavy load because the anchoring possibilities are restricted when the rear seat is in this position. That the rear seat is in the upright position is a basic requirement for protection against cargo displacement in the event of a crash. • Cargo can intrude into the passenger compartment during a sudden stop or front crash if the outer safety belts are not fastened. Check that the two red warning-indication flags are fully down. This shows that the backrests are locked.
WARNING • Match the speed and driving style according to how the car is loaded. The driving characteristics of the car can be affected because the center of gravity is altered when there is a cargo in the luggage compartment. • An object weighing 55 lbs. (25 kg) corresponds to a weight of 2200 lbs. (1000 kg) in a head on crash at 32 mph (50 km/h). • Adjust the car’s load (passengers and luggage) so that the gross vehicle weight or the axle weight is not exceeded, see page 258. Driving with the trunk lid/tailgate open, see page 183.
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Cargo tie down eye 3 mounted on the longitudinal rails 3 On the floor of the luggage compartment there may be two longitudinal aluminium rails (CargoTracks™) where accessory cargo tie down eye can be mounted. Fitting a lashing eye: 1 Hold it between your forefinger and middle finger with the ring up. 2 Press down the spring center section with your thumb. 3 Insert the center section into one of the holes and move the lashing eye forward or back slightly to fit it into the middle of the recess in the rail. 4 Release it. 5 Check that the lashing eye is firmly fitted by pulling on it.
Example of cargo anchoring Items for load anchoring: • Cargo tie down eye 3. • Special load straps 3. Items to keep light objects tidy 3: • Elastic floor cargo net 3. • Elastic side cargo net for the right-hand side of the luggage compartment 3. The elastic nets may only be used to keep light objects tidy, not for anchoring. The floor net should be attached to the cargo tie down eye that are mounted on the CargoTracks™. Place the tie down eyes as far forward and as far back as possible on the CargoTracks™. The side netting should be attached to the two tie down eyes which are included in the
Interior equipment and trunk
Elastic cargo net for lighter objects. accessory kit and to two of the eyes mounted on the right-hand CargoTrack™ on the floor. The cargo tie down eyes, load straps and elastic nets are stored in the two floor lockers on the right- and left-hand side of the luggage compartment. The lockers are opened by lifting the respective fabric loop.
NOTICE Do not place any objects so that the demisting and antenna elements on the inside of the window could be damaged.
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Interior equipment and trunk
Cargo net 3
The cargo in the luggage compartment must be anchored properly, even if the cargo net is correctly in position. The only purpose of the net is to prevent light objects from being thrown about in the cabin during heavy braking or in the event of a crash.
Install the net behind the rear seat backrest.
Cover over the fixing point for the cargo net
Attaching the cargo net to the roof
You can also install the cargo net directly behind the front seats when the rear seats are folded. 1 Remove the front covers from the roof. 2 Fasten the attachments at the top of the net to the two attachment points in the roof. 3 Wrap each strap around the tube running under the rear edge of each front seat and attach the hook to the eye on the strap.
Hook attached to a lashing eye
1 Remove the rearmost covers from the roof. 2 Fasten the attachments at the top of the net to the two attachment points in the roof. 3 Secure a lashing eye furthest forward on each of the CargoTracks (see previous page). Attach the hooks on the net to these eyes. Tension the straps.
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Interior equipment and trunk Trunk Release Handle There is a glow-in-the-dark trunk release handle located inside the trunk on the latch. This handle will glow following exposure to light. Pull the release handle down to open the trunk from the inside.
Storage tray 3 under luggage compartment floor, 9-5 SportCombi Secure the luggage compartment floor in the open position using the hook on the underside of the floor. The storage tray must be located under the luggage compartment floor. The cargo net can be stored here when not in use for example. Maximum recommended weight on the storage tray is 22 lbs. (10 kg).
The trunk release handle was not designed to be used to tie down the trunk lid or as a an anchor point when securing items in the trunk. Improper use of the trunk release could damage it.
Driving with a roof rack load________________ Driving at night _______ Driving with a load ____ Driving with a spare wheel fitted _________ Driving with the trunk lid/tailgate open______ Driving in deep water __ Towing the car________ Jump starting ________ Saab Parking Assistance 3 ________ Parking brake ________ Parking______________
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Starting and driving ON position ST
OFF O N
Ignition switch The combined ignition switch and gear-lever lock is located in the center console between the front seats. The ignition key can only be removed when reverse is engaged (automatic transmission: selector in ”P” position). The key fits all the locks on the car. The key number is specified on the small plastic strap that comes with the keys when the car is delivered. Keep a note of the key number in a safe place, as you will need to quote it if ordering a replacement key. See also page 44.
Engage reverse and turn the key to LOCK. Automatic transmission: select ”P”. The gear lever is locked. This is the only position in which the key can be removed. The parking lights, hazard warning lights and interior lighting all work.
OFF position Gear lever no longer locked. Certain electrical circuits operational.
All electrical circuits working. Do not leave the key in the ON position when the engine is not running. Turn the key to OFF to switch off the electrical circuits. In the ON position certain warning and indicator lights come on as a check, and they normally are extinguished after about 3 seconds.
ST (starter) position The starter operates when the key is turned to this position. When released, the key will spring back to the ON position. If the engine fails to start, the key must first be turned back to the position between OFF and LOCK before the starter can be operated again. When the starter motor is running, several electrical circuits are disconnected to facilitate starting.
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Starting and driving If the car does not start
NOTICE Take care not to spill drinks or to drop crumbs over the ignition switch. If dirt or liquid gets into it, the switch may not operate properly.
WARNING • Always remove the key before leaving the car. • Always apply the parking brake before removing the ignition key.
If the text ”Key not accepted. Contact service.” is shown on the SID, after a failed start attempt, the cause could be a fault in the transmitter in the key, or in the receiver in the ignition lock. The following should be done: • Turn the key back to the LOCK position. • Turn the key to ON. • Press one of the buttons on the remote control (the LED stops blinking). • Start the engine. Try another key. If this works, then the fault is in the first key. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer for checking and rectification. Note: Certain electronic items, such as cellular phones, may affect the starting producedure. Be sure that all devices are clear of the key/ignition switch area.
Starting the engine WARNING • When starting the engine: – Sit down in the driver’s seat. – Depress the clutch pedal fully. If the gear lever is not in the neutral position, the clutch pedal must be fully depressed or the car will jump forwards or backwards, which may cause a crash. – Never start the car from outside the vehicle, e.g. through a wound down window. This could lead to serious personal injury. • Engage reverse (R) (position P for automatic transmission) to remove the ignition key. The key can only be removed in this gear position. • Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, poisonous gas. Be alert to the danger of CO – always open the garage doors before starting the engine in the garage. • There is also a danger of CO poisoning if the exhaust system is leaking.
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Starting and driving
• The tail pipe of the exhaust system can become very hot during driving. Bear this in mind when loading and unloading the car. • Do not rest or sleep in the car when parked with the engine running. There is a risk of depressing the accelerator which could lead to engine damage. There is also the risk that exhaust gases may enter the cabin. It is possible for air to enter the lubricating system in conjunction with an oil or oil-filter change, or if the car has been stored for some time. This air can cause the hydraulic cam followers to emit a ticking noise, which can persist for up to 15 minutes after starting. Although this is quite normal and does not indicate any malfunction, it is advisable not to exceed 3,000 rpm before the noise has disappeared. The hydraulic cam lifters are completely service free; the valve clearance is set up at the factory and will not need any subsequent adjustment.
Starting the engine
Cars with automatic transmission 3
Avoid racing the engine or putting a heavy load on it before it has warmed up. Drive away as soon as the oil warning light has been extinguished to enable the engine to attain its normal temperature as quickly as possible. The engine has an automatic choke and should be started as follows:
1 The selector lever must be in the P or N position. 2 Keep your foot on the brake pedal. 3 Start the engine. Let the ignition key spring back as soon as the engine has started and is running smoothly – at very low temperatures, you may need to run the starter for up to 25 seconds. Wait 20–30 seconds before running the starter again, to give the battery time to recover. Let the engine idle for about 10 seconds. Do not open the throttle wide for at least 2–3 minutes after starting.
Cars with manual transmission To start the engine the clutch pedal must be fully depressed. 1 Depress the clutch pedal fully but do not touch the accelerator. 2 Start the engine. Let the ignition key spring back as soon as the engine has started and is running smoothly – at very low temperatures, you may need to run the starter for up to 25 seconds. Wait 20–30 seconds before running the starter again, to give the battery time to recover. Note: On cars with manual transmission, if the starter fails to engage when the ignition key is turned to the start position, make sure the clutch pedal is full depressed. Mispositioned floor mats or other obstructions under the clutch pedal may affect starting. Let the engine idle for about 10 seconds. Do not open the throttle wide for at least 2–3 minutes after starting.
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Starting and driving Useful tips on cold climate starting If the engine has failed to start after several attempts in very cold weather, press and hold the accelerator down to the floor and run the starter for 5–10 seconds. This will prevent the engine being flooded (excessively rich fuel-air mixture). Now start the engine in the normal way – do not touch the accelerator. If the engine stalls immediately after starting (e.g. if the clutch was released too quickly), do not touch the accelerator when restarting the engine.
Limp-home mode The engine management system has a diagnostic feature that continually checks a number of internal functions. If, for example, a fault is detected in the throttle valve, the engine management system will go into Limp-home mode.This limits: • idling control, • disables the cruise-control system and • limits the capacity of the A/C compressor. If the limp-home mode is in operation (”Engine malfunction (CHECK ENGINE)” light on, see below) and the outside temperature is close to or below freezing, you may need to use some throttle on starting (some pressure on the accelerator). If the diagnostic system has detected a fault in the engine-management system, the ”Engine malfunction (CHECK ENGINE)” light on the main instrument panel will come on (see page 58), indicating that you should have the car checked as soon as possible by a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer.
NOTICE If the CHECK ENGINE warning light starts to flash, ease off the accelerator slightly. If the light does not cease to flash within 5 seconds, stop the car in a suitable place as soon as possible and turn off the engine. The car must be towed to a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer. If the CHECK ENGINE warning light flashes, it indicates that the engine is misfiring which can result in damage to the catalytic converter.
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Starting and driving
Important considerations for driving The engine-management system in the Saab 9-5 is called Saab Trionic T7. The system manages the ignition, fuel injection and turbo boost pressure. The Trionic T7 system developed by Saab is an intelligent engine-management system designed to achieve optimum drivability under differing driving conditions. The system makes adjustments automatically, for instance, if the car is being driven at altitude (oxygen-deficient air), for different grades of fuel (AON 87–93) and for different load conditions. 1 Starting and driving • Refrain from using full throttle before the engine has warmed up (before needle in mid-range on temperature gauge). • A safety function prevents the engine from revving faster than 6,000 rpm by limiting the induction air. 2 Stopping the engine • Do not rev the engine immediately before switching it off – stop the engine when it is idling. 3 Regulating the boost pressure • One of the advantages of boost pressure regulation is that the engine can also be run safely on gasoline with a lower octane rating, although not lower
than AON 87. However, engine performance will fall slightly and heavy loading and laboring should be avoided. For optimum performance, use the recommended grade of fuel. • The maximum boost pressure is adjusted automatically to the knocking or pinging tendency of the engine. Occasional, short-lived knocking when the engine is under a heavy load is perfectly normal; the extent will depend on the grade of fuel in the tank. • Isolated instances of knocking are more likely to occur with low-octane fuel. This controlled form of knocking, followed by a reduction in the boost pressure, is a sign that the wastegate is functioning and is perfectly safe for the engine.
NOTICE • If the engine sounds strange there is a fault in the system. Have the car checked without delay by a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer. • The use of fuel with too low an octane rating can cause serious engine damage.
WARNING If the engine is being run with the car on a rolling road or dynamometer, longer than for a standard state emission inspection, to ensure adequate cooling, air must be blown into the engine compartment and under the car at a rate equivalent to the ram-air effect that would be obtained at the corresponding road speed.
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Starting and driving Important considerations with catalytic converters
• Never park the car on dry grass or other combustible material. The catalytic converter gets very hot and could therefore start a fire. • Never drive off if the engine is misfiring. • If you jump start the car when the engine is already up to normal temperature, the engine must start to run on all cylinders. Stop jump-starting if the engine fails to start immediately.
The catalytic converter is an emission-control device incorporated in the car’s exhaust system. It consists of a metal canister with a honeycomb insert, the cells of which have walls coated in a catalytic layer (mixture of precious metals). To ensure that the catalytic converter continues to function properly, and also to avoid damage to the converter and its associated components, the following points must be observed: • Have the car serviced regularly in accordance with the service program. The fuel and ignition systems are particularly important in this context. • Always be alert to any misfiring of the engine (not running on all cylinders) and any loss of power or performance. At the first sign of a malfunction, reduce speed and take the car to a workshop as soon as possible. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer.
Use only unleaded gasoline. Leaded gasoline is detrimental to the catalyst and oxygen sensor and will seriously impair the function of the catalytic converter.
Oxygen-sensor-controlled injection system 1 Engine control module 2 Oxygen sensor (lambda probe) 3 Catalytic converters
• If the engine fails to start (in very cold weather or if the battery is flat), the car can be push started (manual gearbox only) or started using jumper cables to a donor battery. However, as soon as you have started the engine, it is important that it runs on all cylinders. If it is misfiring, allow it to idle for up to five minutes to give it time to settle and run smoothly. If, after this time, the engine still fails to run properly, turn off the engine and get in touch with a workshop for advice. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer.
NOTICE If the car runs out of fuel, it is possible for air to get into the fuel system. If this happens, the catalytic converter may overheat and be damaged. Failure to follow these directions could result in the catalytic converter and associated components being damaged, and could represent a breach of the warranty conditions.
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Starting and driving
Refueling WARNING If you spill fuel and then something ignites it, you could be badly burned. Fuel can spray out on you if you open the fuel cap too quickly. This spray can happen if your tank is nearly full, and is more likely in hot weather. Open the fuel cap slowly and wait for any “hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew the cap all the way. Gasoline fumes are highly explosive. Therefore: • never smoke while refueling • never use gasoline for any purpose other than as engine fuel • gasoline is extremely flammable and can cause severe burns. No open or exposed flames near gasoline • do not use a mobile phone at the same time as refueling.
• Do not overfill. Fuel should not come right up the filler pipe as room for expansion is needed for when the temperature rises.
The engine control module (ECM) monitoring the engine parameters also stores fault codes. Under certain circumstances, this may cause constant illumination of the ”Engine malfunction (CHECK ENGINE)” lamp , thus indicating a fault that must be checked by your Saab dealer, see page 58. NOTE: always observe the following two measures:
• The use of fuel with too low an octane rating can cause serious engine damage. • Clean fuel from painted surfaces as soon as possible.
• Make sure that the fuel filler cap is screwed on correctly before the engine is started. Screw on the fuel filler cap until you hear 3 distinct clicks. • Avoid driving with the fuel low level indicator illuminated. The symbol illuminates when less than approximately 2 gallons (8 litres) of fuel remains in the tank.
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Starting and driving
NOTICE WARNING If a fire starts while you are refueling, do not remove the nozzle. Shut off the flow of fuel by shutting off the pump or by notifying the station attendant. Leave the area immediately. 1 Switch off the engine. 2 Open the filler cap, located in the right-hand rear fender. 3 Insert the fuel pump nozzle beyond the flange on the filler pipe and let the first mark (a ring, a pimple or the first spring-coil) rest on the flange. Do not withdraw the nozzle while filling is in progress. 4 Cease refueling the first time the pump stops, and wait a few seconds after you´ve finished pumping before you remove the nozzle.
• Fill to maximum filling capacity. • Stop filling after the first time that the nozzle trips to shut off the flow of fuel. • Filling capacity can differ between different fuel stations and outside temperature. Fuel tank volume when nozzle trips to shut off, may vary by 0.5 gal. (2 liters). • Do not fill fuel all the way up the filler pipe. The gasoline must be allowed room for expansion especially during hot weather. Filler cap When you put the filler cap back on, turn it to the right (clockwise) until you hear three clicks. Make sure you fully install the cap. The most effective way to prevent condensation forming in the tank (and thus avoid possible running problems) is to keep the tank well filled. Before the onset of freezing temperatures in winter, it may be advisable to add gasoline anti-freeze to the fuel a few times to dispel any condensation in the system.
When refueling, hang the filler cap inside the fuel door
The fuel door has a built in filler cap holder slot located on the fuel door. Slide the white ring on the cap into the slot. Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to get the right type. Your dealer can get one for you. If you get the wrong type, it may not fit properly
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Starting and driving
Filling a portable fuel container WARNING Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from the container can ignite the gasoline vapor. You can be badly burned and your vehicle damaged if this occurs. To help avoid injury to you and others: • Dispense gasoline only into approved containers. • Do not fill a container while it is inside a vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or on any surface other than the ground. • Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the inside of the fill opening before operating the nozzle. Contact should be maintained until the filling is complete. • Do not smoke while pumping gasoline.
Fuel (Gasoline Engine) Fuel Use of the recommended fuel is an important part of the proper maintenance of your vehicle. For optimum performance Saab recommends: • AON 93 Gasoline Octane Use premium unleaded gasoline with a posted octane of 93 or higher for best performance. You may also use regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher, but your vehicle's acceleration may be slightly reduced. If the octane is less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when you drive. If this occurs, use a gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher as soon as possible. Otherwise, you might damage your engine. A little pinging noise when you accelerate or drive uphill is considered normal. This does not indicate a problem exists or that a higher-octane fuel is necessary. If you are using 87 octane or higher-octane fuel and hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service. Gasoline Specifications It is recommended that gasoline meet specifications which were developed by automobile manufacturers around the world and contained in the World-Wide Fuel Charter which is available from the Alliance of Auto-
mobile Manufacturers at www.autoalliance.org/fuel_charter.htm. Gasoline meeting these specifications could provide improved driveability and emission control system performance compared to other gasoline.
NOTICE Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available in your area. We recommend that you use these gasolines, if they comply with the specifications described earlier. However, E85 (85% ethanol) and other fuels containing more than 10% ethanol must not be used in vehicles that were not designed for those fuels. California Fuel If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission Standards (see the underhood emission control label), it is designed to operate on fuels that meet California specifications. If this fuel is not available in states adopting California emissions standards, your vehicle will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal specifications, but emission control system performance may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may turn on and your vehicle may fail a smog-check test. See Engine malfunction (CHECK ENGINE) on page 58. If this occurs, return to your authorized Saab dealer for diagnosis. If it is determined that
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Starting and driving the condition is caused by the type of fuel used, repairs may not be covered by your warranty. Additives To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States are now required to contain additives that will help prevent engine and fuel system deposits from forming, allowing your emission control system to work properly. You should not have to add anything to your fuel. However, some gasolines contain only the minimum amount of additive required to meet U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulations. Saab recommends that you buy gasolines that are advertised to help keep fuel injectors and intake valves clean. If your vehicle experiences problems due to dirty injectors or valves, try a different brand of gasoline. Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available in your area to contribute to clean air. Saab recommends that you use these gasolines, particularly if they comply with the specifications described earlier.
Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that contains methanol. Do not use fuel containing methanol. It can corrode metal parts in your fuel system and also damage the plastic and rubber parts. That damage would not be covered under your warranty. Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT); ask the attendant where you buy gasoline whether the fuel contains MMT. Saab does not recommend the use of such gasolines. Fuels containing MMT can reduce the life of spark plugs and the performance of the emission control system may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may turn on. If this occurs, return to your authorized Saab dealer for service.
Fuels in Foreign Countries If you plan on driving in another country outside the United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard to find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel not recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly repairs caused by use of improper fuel would not be covered by your warranty. To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club, or contact a major oil company that does business in the country where you will be driving.
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Starting and driving
Engine Break-In Period Pistons, bores and bearings need time to obtain uniform, wear-resistant surfaces. If a new engine is driven too hard, this gradual process of bedding-in will not be possible and the life of the engine will be shortened. During the first 1,200 miles (2,000 km), do not exceed 5,000 rpm. In addition, refrain from driving the car at full throttle, other than for brief instances, during the first 1,800 miles (3,000 km).
Wearing in new brake pads New brake pads take time to bed in, about 90 miles (150 km) if the car is driven largely under stop-and-go conditions or about 300 miles (500 km) of highway driving. To extend the useful life of the pads, avoid hard braking as much as possible during this period.
Gear changing Manual transmission To start the engine the clutch pedal must be fully depressed. The gear positions are marked on the gear lever. Before reverse (R) can be engaged, you must lift the ring underneath the gear-lever knob. To change gear, fully depress the clutch pedal and then release it smoothly. It is inadvisable to drive with your hand resting on the gear lever, as this can increase the wear on the transmission. When changing down from 5th to 4th gear, ease the gear lever straight back, without applying any lateral pressure. This will prevent 2nd gear being engaged by mistake, which can result in overreving and possible damage to the engine. Before engaging reverse, wait till the car is at a standstill, release the accelerator and fully depress the clutch. From neutral, press the gear lever firmly to the right before easing it back into reverse.
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Starting and driving
Automatic transmission 3 1 3 5
2 4 R
NOTICE When the reverse gear is to be engaged the car must be at a standstill with the accelerator fully released. Lift the reverse lock-out collar and push the gear lever firmly to the right in neutral before easing it into reverse.
Towing Towing of cars with manual transmission, see page 183.
• Make it a habit to keep your foot on the brake when selecting a drive position, to prevent the car from creeping forward (or backward if reverse is selected). • The car must be at a standstill before P, R or N is selected. You have to have your foot on the brake pedal to move the lever out of P. If the car is still moving when a drive position is subsequently selected, this could cause a crash or damage the automatic transmission. • Never park the car with the selector lever in a drive position, even if the parking brake is on. • If you want to leave the car with the engine running, move the selector lever to P or N and apply the parking brake.
Selector lever The electronic control module for the automatic transmission receives information on engine torque and road speed, and also controls the hydraulic pressure in the transmission to ensure that gear changing is as smooth as possible. The position of the selector lever is shown by the symbols adjacent to the lever and also by a symbol on the main instrument panel. If manual mode (M) is selected, the current gear is also displayed on the main instrument panel. The ignition key can only be removed when the selector lever is in the P position.
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Starting and driving Three modes for the automatic transmission can be selected: Normal, Manual and Sport. Normal mode The Normal mode, which provides the best fuel economy, is the default setting when the engine is started.
Manual mode (Sentronic): see page 156.
Selector-lever indicator on main instrument panel When the car is stationary, the engine must be at idling speed when the selector lever is moved. You must have your foot on the brake pedal to move the lever out of park. If the accelerator is depressed while the lever is moved, this will result in abnormal wear in the transmission.
NOTICE After selecting a drive position, pause briefly to allow the gear to engage (the car starts to pull a little) before you accelerate.
Detent positions for selector movement The detent button on the selector lever has to be pressed before the selector can be moved between certain positions.
Sport mode When the Sport mode is selected, the transmission changes up later than in Normal mode to provide higher performance. In this mode, the SPORT indicator will appear on the main instrument panel (see page 158). Adaptive gear-change pattern Adaptive gear-change pattern is a transmission function in the Normal and Sport modes which matches gear changing to current driving conditions. The transmission control module senses the load on the engine and temperature of the transmission. A suitable gear change pattern is then selected automatically to avoid unnecessary gear changes and undesired temperature increases in the transmission.
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Starting and driving Lock-up function
Park Brake Shift Lock
The automatic transmission has a lock-up function, which can render the torque converter inoperative in 3rd, 4th and 5th gears, thus reducing the engine speed and fuel consumption. When the lock-up function comes into operation, it may give the impression of an overdrive being engaged.
The transmission has a security function known as Park Brake Shift Lock. To move the gear selector out of the P position, the brake pedal must be depressed at the same time as the gear selector catch (detent) is pressed in.
Shift Lock override
When the accelerator is pressed down hard, a change-down to the next gear will be effected to provide maximum acceleration, e.g. for overtaking. Following this, the next higher gear will be selected at the optimum engine speed for acceleration or, if you ease off the accelerator, before reaching this.
Due to electrical problems it may not be possible to move the selector out of the park position, even if the ignition is ON. If for some reason the selector has to be moved out of the park position (i.e. to tow the car a short distance) do as described below. Check fuse No. 1 (see page 218). If the problem was cured by changing the fuse or battery, you do not have to contact a workshop. If the fuse blows again as soon as the Shift Lock feature is activated you should contact a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer.
If the fuse is OK, check the battery regarding the voltage. 1 Apply the parking brake 2 Make sure the key is in position ON 3 Use a small tool such as a screwdriver and push the lever (see picture) downwards so that the detent button can be pressed approx. 10 mm 4 Move the selector out of position P to N 5 Remove the tool 6 Release the parking brake if the car is to be moved immediately; otherwise keep it applied.
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Starting and driving Automatic transmission 3, fault indicator
If ”Automatic transmission 3, fault indicator” lightappears on the main instrument panel, the system has detected a fault in the automatic transmission or its control module (see page 62). This also means that the Limp-home mode has been selected, to guard against further damage being done to the transmission. In this mode, the automatic transmission starts in 5th gear, and gear changes (if necessary) will have to be made manually. Stop the car in a safe place. Switch off then restart the engine. If the fault is intermittent, the transmission will operate as normal despite the fault indicator being on. Have the car checked at a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer. It is not possible to select the SPORT or Sentronic mode when the Limp-home mode is active. Gear changes must be made manually. The following gears will be engaged in the respective selector positions when the automatic transmission is in Limp-home mode: Position
Overheated transmission fluid NOTICE If the control module has actuated the Limp-home function for the automatic transmission, the car will remain in 5th gear when D is selected, making it very sluggish. Select position L to prevent unnecessary wear on the transmission. The transmission then starts in 2nd gear. Once the car is moving you can select position D. When the indicator light is on, the car must not be driven with a caravan or trailer attached.
If the automatic-transmission fluid should overheat, the following message will appear on the SID: ”Gearbox too hot. Make a safe stop.” In this event, stop the car in a suitable place, switch off the engine and open the hood. Wait for several minutes then turn on the ignition to check that the message has gone out. When driving subsequent to the transmission fluid overheating, select a gear in which the engine speed is about 3,000 rpm. Overheating of the automatic-transmission fluid can occur when the car is towing a heavy load, such as a camping trailer in hilly country. High ambient temperatures can also increase the temperature of the transmission fluid or the oil cooler may be faulty. Contact a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer (see also page 174).
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Starting and driving Driving on hilly roads with a heavy load The transmission fluid can overheat when the gearbox is strained, for example, when driving with a trailer on hilly roads. To avoid the transmission fluid overheating, always drive in Normal mode. The adaptive gear change patterns are then active. High air temperatures or a faulty oil cooler can also cause the transmission fluid to overheat. Overheating reduces the service life of the fluid. Contact an authorized Saab dealer (see also page 174).
Towing Towing of cars with automatic transmission, see page 183.
Descending hills WARNING Remember to use engine-braking (selector position D or L) to spare the brakes when you are driving on a long or steep downhill slope. Brake failure can result from overheated brakes! If the speed of the car increases while descending a steep hill, despite the accelerator being released, the control module will change down a gear when you brake. If you desire more powerful engine braking, manually select a lower gear.
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Starting and driving
Move the selector lever to the M position. Select a higher gear by pushing the right-hand paddle on the steering wheel. Select a lower gear by pushing the left-hand paddle on the steering wheel. An example of when you may wish to make manual gear changes is when overtaking, to enable you to remain in a low gear for an extended period of time. Changes from 3rd to 4th and from 4th to 5th can be made when the engine speed is above roughly 2,000 rpm. If you select a gear that is judged too high by the system, the selected gear position will be shown briefly on the main instrument panel and then the gear that is actually engaged.
Sentronic, manual mode 3
Paddles on the steering wheel for changing gear manually If the road surface is slippery, you may wish to pull off in 2nd or 3rd to reduce the risk of wheel spin. When descending hills you should select a low gear to increase the braking effect of the engine and thus spare the brakes. Manual gear selections are shown on the main instrument panel. The selector position and the current gear are displayed.
When the selector lever is in the M position, as opposed to the D position, engines are much more responsive to changes in accelerator position. The accelerator has a different feel. When in manual mode, kick-down operates for 4th and 5th gears (below 2,000 rpm). Kick-down cannot be activated in 1st, 2nd or 3rd gears. For optimum performance, gear changes should be made before reaching 6,000 rpm. To avoid damaging the engine and transmission, the transmission will shift up a gear if the engine is in danger of overrevving. You may feel a slight jolt before this gear change is effected.
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Starting and driving Selector positions P To shift out of the P position you must depress the brake pedal and the ignition must be ON. The parking position (P) must only be selected when the car is at a complete standstill. The selector lever is locked and the transmission is mechanically immobilized. Always apply the parking brake after parking the car. The engine can be started. The key can be removed. R The reverse (R) position must only be selected when the car is at a complete standstill. The detent-release button must be pressed before the selector lever can be moved to R. Wait until reverse gear has engaged (car starts to creep) before touching the accelerator. N In the Neutral position (N), the transmission is disengaged from the engine. The engine can be started, but first ensure that the parking brake is on, to prevent the car from moving off unexpectedly. To prevent the engine and transmission from becoming hotter than necessary, select N for stops other than brief ones, e.g. if stuck in a traffic jam. The normal drive position (D) is recommended for waiting at traffic lights.
D The Drive position (D) is the position for normal motoring. Gear changes between 1st and 5th will take place automatically, the timing of which is determined by the throttle (accelerator) position and the speed of the car. After moving the selector lever to D, pause to give the gear time to engage (car starts to pull). M Move the selector lever from position D to M to allow you to change gear manually. Refer to page 156.
L Select position L if you wish to drive in 1st gear. No upchanges will be made if you pull off in position L. If you move the selector lever from position D or M to L at a high vehicle speed, the transmission will automatically shift down through 4th, 3rd and 2nd gears to 1st gear, depending on the car’s speed. Use this position for descending steep hills if the car is heavily loaded to spare the brakes.
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If you move the selector lever from D to L, down shifts will follow a set pattern to avoid damaging the engine or transmission. Manual gear-changing is not recommended on slippery roads. If one of the drive wheels spins excessively, the engine torque will be reduced to avoid damaging the transmission.
Adaptive gear-change patterns Adaptive gear-change patterns are selected automatically depending on the engine load and the present temperature of the transmission. The function is available in Normal and Sport modes. The changes occur at a higher engine speed and the car remains in the same gear for longer, if the transmission control module senses that the load has not decreased. These gear-change patterns prevent unnecessary changing up and down, when for example driving up or down long slopes with a trailer or caravan, and to prevent overheating the transmission oil. The adaptive gear-change function is also selected automatically when the transmission oil becomes too hot, to protect the transmission itself from damage and to lower the oil temperature. The adaptive gear-change pattern function is deselected when: • The engine is switched off. • The load is reduced so much that the function is no longer required. • ”Automatic transmission 3, fault indicator” instrument panel, see page 154.
appears on main
SPORT modes To select Sport mode, press the ”S” button on the selector lever when the selector lever is in position N or D. In this mode, gear changes will take place at higher engine speeds than in Normal mode, in other words, the transmission will change up later and change down earlier for the same throttle (accelerator) position. The Sport mode will be deselected if: • The SPORT button is pressed. • The selector lever is moved to position P,R, M or L. • The engine is switched off. • ”Automatic transmission 3, fault indicator” appears on main instrument panel, see page 154.
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When you release the accelerator, the system will revert to the preset speed.
To cancel temporarily
Move the control stalk to CANCEL (spring-loaded position before OFF position). This will disengage the system but the preset speed will be retained in the system memory. (The memory is deleted when the engine is switched off.)
• Do not use the Cruise control system on wet or icy roads, in dense traffic or on winding roads.
• • • •
ON/OFF (switch on/off). RESUME/– (Resume preset speed). SET/+ (to set the desired speed). CANCEL (Cancel operation of system, e.g. to reduce speed temporarily). When the system is ON, the CRUISE indicator light will appear on the main instrument panel and will be extinguished when the system is switched OFF. If CANCEL is selected, CRUISE will flash once.
• Set the control to OFF when you do not want to use the system, to prevent the system being activated inadvertently. For safety reasons (brake system function) the brakes must be applied once, when the engine has started, before the cruise control system can be activated. The system is operated by means of the controls on the stalk switch:
To set the desired speed Move the switch to ON. Accelerate to the desired speed (minimum speed: 25 mph (40 km/h))and press SET/+.
To increase the preset speed Accelerate to the desired speed and press SET/+. You can also increase the speed of the car using the SET/+ button. Press it once to increase the speed by 1 mph (1.6 km/h) or hold it in and release when the desired speed is reached.
Temporary increase in speed Press the accelerator to override the preset speed, e.g. for overtaking.
To re-engage the system To revert to the preset speed, slide the switch to RESUME/–. This will only operate when the car’s speed is above 25 mph (40 km/h).
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To reduce the preset speed
Disengaging the system
The cruise control system will always disengage automatically the moment that either the brake pedal or the clutch pedal is depressed. It is also possible to reduce the speed by means of the RESUME/– button. Sliding the button to RESUME/– once will reduce the speed by 1 mph (1.6 km/h). Holding the button in the RESUME/– position will effect a gradual reduction in speed until the button is released.
The system will be disengaged: • When the brake or clutch pedal is depressed. • When the switch is moved to CANCEL. • When the switch is moved to OFF. • When the engine is switched off. • When the selector lever is moved to position N (cars with automatic transmission). • When the ESP® system is operative for more than 1 second.
Braking To avoid the brakes becoming overheated, (e.g. when negotiating long descents with a drop of several hundred feet), select a low gear to use the braking effect of the engine. If the car has automatic transmission, move the selector lever to position D or L. When driving fast, you can help to prolong the life of the brakes by thinking ahead and braking harder for short periods, rather than braking more moderately over long stretches.
Brake pad wear indicators The outboard brake pads on the front wheels incorporate pad-wear indicators. When the lining is down to 3 mm, the pad will produce a screeching, squealing or scraping noise when the brakes are applied. New pads should be fitted without delay. Brake pads should only be replaced by a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer.
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Starting and driving ABS brakes WARNING • It is prudent to try your brakes from time to time, especially when driving in heavy rain, through water collected on the road, in snow, on a wet road surface or in salty slush. In such conditions, the brakes may take longer than normal to take effect. To rectify this, touch the brake pedal periodically to dry the brakes out. • The same applies after the car has been washed or when the weather is very humid. • Avoid parking the car with wet brakes. Before parking, and if the traffic conditions allow, brake quite heavily so that the brake discs and pads warm up and dry. • The brakes are power assisted and it should be kept in mind that the servo unit only provides the power assistance when the engine is running. • The brake pressure required when the engine is off,(e.g. when the car is being towed) is roughly four times the normal pedal force required. The pedal also feels hard and unresponsive.
WARNING • The additional safety afforded by the ABS system is not designed to allow drivers to drive faster but to make normal driving safer. • To stop as quickly as possible, without loss of directional stability, whether the road surface is dry, wet or slippery, press the brake pedal down hardwithout letting up (do not pump the pedal), declutching simultaneously, and steer the car to safety.
ABS (antilock braking system) modulates the brake pressure to the respective wheels. Wheel sensors detect if a wheel is about to lock, and the control module reduces the pressure to that wheel and then increases it once more until the tendency is detected again. The brake system is equipped with an Electronic Brake-force Distribution device (EBD), which distributes the brake pressure between the front and rear wheels, in such a way as to achieve optimum braking performance irrespective of the car’s speed and load.
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Braking with ABS brakes. When the system is operating, the brake pedal will pulsate gently and the system will make a ticking noise.
Do not release the brake pedal before the car has come to a halt or the danger has passed! If the road is slippery, the ABS system will operate even when only light pressure is applied to the pedal. This means that you can brake gently to test the condition of the road and adapt your driving accordingly. It is well worth practicing the use of ABS brakes on a skid pad or other suitable facility.
The ABS system has a built-in diagnostic function which will switch on the Anti-lock brake warning light if a fault is detected in the system (see page 60). The ABS system will not reduce the braking distance on loose gravel or on snow or ice but, because the wheels cannot lock up, some steering control is retained. When the ABS system is working, i.e. modulation of the brake pressure is in progress, the brake pedal will pulsate and a ticking noise will be heard. All this is perfectly normal. Press the pedal down hard (you cannot press too hard) and steer the car to safety.
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WARNING When driving normally, the ESP® system will help to improve the stability of the car. This does not mean that car can be driven faster. The same care and prudence as normally applied should be displayed on cornering and when driving on slippery roads. The system employs both the antilock braking system (ABS) and the traction control system (TCS). It is a system that helps the driver to stabilize the car in unusual circumstances that would otherwise be more difficult to handle.
How the ESP® system works The system can help to prevent the car from skidding by braking one or several wheels independently of the driver. The engine output is then also reduced to prevent the driving wheels from spinning. The car has sensors that measure wheel speed, yaw acceleration, lateral acceleration, steering wheel position and braking pressure. The values provided by these sensors are used to calculate the actual direction of the car. If this direction does not agree with that intended by the driver, calculated from the steering wheel position, the ESP® is engaged. The ESP® system improves the driver’s chances of retaining control over the car in critical situations. To ensure that the system works as designed, the dimensions of all four tires must be the same.
Electronic Stability Program (ESP®)
Increased stability with ESP® . The system applies the brakes to the wheels as shown in order to reduce the likelihood of the car skidding
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The ESP® indicator light
Turning the ESP® system off
The indicator light on the main instrument comes on for a short period of time when the ESP® system is operative.
The system can be turned off manually with
Operation of the ESP® system indicates reduced cohesion between the tires and the road, and that extra care should be taken by the driver.
The ESP® OFF-indicator light The on if:
the ESP® button, whereupon the light on the main instrument panel will come on. The ESP® system cannot be switched off if the car is travelling faster than 35 mph (60 km/h). The ESP® system is always operative during braking, even if it has been switched off manually.
light on the main instrument comes
• A fault has been detected and the system has therefore been switched off. • The system has been switched off manually. • When the ignition key is turned to the ON position, the lamp is lit for about four seconds while the system undergoes a self-test.
NOTICE Suspension modifications, such as changing the type of wheels, dampers or springs, can affect the function of the ESP® system. Always consult a workshop before changing any suspension components. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer.
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• Do not leave small objects such as CDs, sunglasses and coins visible. • If possible, park in a well-lit, conspicuous parking space. • Thieves strike whenever and wherever they are given the opportunity.
Parking on a hill When parking on a steep hill, turn the front wheels so that they will be blocked by the curb if the car should move.
1 1 Pointing downhill and against the curb – Turn the wheels into the curb and edge the car forward until the wheels touch the curb.
2 2 Pointing uphill and against the curb – Turn the wheels away from the curb and edge the car back until the wheels touch the curb.
Empty the car yourself and bear in mind: • Never leave a mobile phone, camera, computer or similar object visible in your car. • Clothing, packages and bags attract thieves.
3 Pointing uphill or downhill – no curb – Turn the wheels towards the edge of the road. If the car should start rolling, it will not run into the road.
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Starting and driving Long-term parking If the car is not going to be used for some time, e.g. 3–4 months, the following steps are recommended: • Run the engine to normal temperature before long-term parking. • Drain the washer-fluid reservoir and hoses. • Wash and wax the car. Clean the rubber seals on the hood, luggage compartment lid and doors, and lubricate them with glycerol (glycerin). • After washing the car, dry the brake discs by taking the car out on the road and applying the brakes a few times.
• Fill the fuel tank with fuel to prevent condensation forming in it. • Top up the coolant and check the antifreeze before the onset of winter. • Park the car in a dry, covered and well-ventilated building. Leave the parking brake OFF! • Disconnect the negative (–) battery lead. If frost is likely to occur during the long-term parking, remove the battery and store it away from the frost. • Ideally, the car should be put up on blocks, with the wheels off the ground. If this is not possible, inflate the tires to about 43 psi (300 kPa). • Leave all the windows open a crack and cover the car with a fabric tarpaulin – not one made of plastic.
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Saab Parking Assistance 3 WARNING
• Bear in mind that small and/or narrow objects cannot always be detected by the system. The parking aid system facilitates parking and reversing. There are four sensors in the rear bumper that detect objects up to 6 feet (1.8 metres) behind the car.
• Saab Parking Assistance can facilitate reversing at low speeds, such as when reverse parking.
Responsibility always lies with the driver when reversing.
Area monitored by the sensors seen from the side
Area monitored by the sensors seen from above
The system uses four sensors in the rear bumper. These emit ultrasound signals that bounce back to the sensors off any objects behind the car. The system, however, cannot always detect small or narrow objects or objects that do not reflect ultrasound back towards the car, such as pipes, or the corner of a house or rectangular post.
The system is activated automatically when reverse is engaged or selected. When the sensors detect an object within the monitored area, the SID will display the text "PARK ASSIST" and pulses of sound (- - - - -) will be heard. The frequency of the pulses increases as the car comes closer to the object. When the distance to the object is less than 12 in. (30 cm), a continuous tone will be heard.
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Starting and driving NOTICE Reverse slowly so that you have time to stop the car when the continuous tone is heard at approx. 12 in. (30 cm). When an object is approximately 3 feet (90 cm) from the car, the sound pulses change character markedly. A distance of about 3 feet (90 cm) is suitable if you wish to load or unload the luggage compartment. If the distance between an object and the corner sensors does not change for three seconds, e.g. if you are reversing alongside a wall, the system will switch to monitoring straight back. The system indicates if the distance to the wall decreases again. The system can be disengaged for when driving with a trailer. Press and hold the CLR button on the steering wheel when the display shows "PARK ASSIST", until the display shows "PARK ASSIST OFF". The system is re-engaged in the same way. The system is also always activated when the ignition key is turned to ON.
Pressing a steering wheel button briefly will not disengage the system, the display will simply show the previously selected function.
NOTICE To function well, the sensors must be kept clean. Ice snow and dirt can affect their sensitivity. Do not spray the sensors or closer than 8 in. (20 cm) to the sensors with a pressure washer, as this could damage them. Ice, snow and dirt can affect the sensitivity of the sensors. In such cases a continuous tone will sound warning the driver that the system cannot measure the distance to an object. You can turn the system off by pressing and holding the CLR button for 1.5 seconds. If the text "PARK ASSIST FAILURE" is displayed on the SID, have the system checked by a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer.
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Economical motoring Factors affecting fuel consumption Fuel consumption is greatly affected by the general driving conditions, the way in which the car is driven and at what speeds, the weather, the state of the road, the condition of the car, etc.
Breaking-in Fuel consumption may be somewhat higher during the break-in period (the first 3,000– 4,000 miles (5,000–7,000 km) than stated.
Weather conditions Fuel consumption can be as much as 10 % lower in summer than in winter. The higher consumption in cold weather is explained by the longer time it takes for the engine to reach normal operating temperature, and for the transmission and wheel bearings to warm up. Fuel economy is also affected by the distance driven: short journeys of 3–5 miles (5–8 km) do not give the engine enough time to reach normal temperature. Strong winds can also affect fuel consumption.
How to read the graph above: If fuel consumption with the engine at normal temperature is 28 mpg (10l/100 km), the actual fuel consumption 3 miles (5 km) after the engine has started from cold will be: – 23.5 mpg (12l/100 km) at outside temp. of 68°F (20°C) (increase of 20 %). – 17.7 mpg (16l/100 km) at outside temp. of 32°F (0°C) (increase of 60 %). – 14 mpg (20l/100 km)) at outside temp. of –4°F (–20°C) (increase of 100 %). As can be seen, both the distance travelled by the car and the outside temperature have a major impact on fuel consumption after the engine has started from cold. Thus, if the car is mainly used for short journeys of 3–5 miles (5–8 km), the fuel consumption will be 60–80 % higher than normal.
Percentage increase in fuel consumption of engine starting from cold compared to engine at normal temperature
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Starting and driving Driving technique • To obtain the best running economy, not only regarding fuel consumption but general wear also, regular service is required. • High speed, unnecessary acceleration, heavy braking and much low gear work all gives rise to higher fuel consumption. • Frequent gear changing in traffic, starting in cold weather, the use of studded tires and roof racks, and towing a trailer all increase fuel consumption. • Do not run the engine when the car is stationary. If idling, it will take much longer before the engine becomes hot. Engine wear is greatest during this warming-up phase. Therefore drive away as soon as possible after the engine is started and avoid high revving.
• Driving in a low gear results in higher fuel consumption than in a high gear because of the higher engine speed for a given road speed. Always change up to a higher gear as soon as traffic conditions allow and use the highest gear as much as possible. • Check the air pressure in the tires once a month. Incorrect pressures increase tire wear. It is better to have slightly higher pressure than lower. • Check fuel consumption regularly. Increased consumption can indicate that something is wrong and that the car needs to be checked by a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer. Practical trials on the roads have demonstrated that substantial savings in fuel consumption can be made if the above advice is heeded.
Road conditions Wet roads increase fuel consumption, as do unpaved roads and driving in hilly country (the amount of fuel saved driving downhill is less than the additional amount required to climb the hill).
WARNING Never switch the engine off while driving as the effect of the brakes and power steering will be greatly reduced.
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Engine block heater 3 The following are just some of the benefits to the car and the environment of using an engine block heater: • Lower fuel consumption. • Exhaust emissions substantially reduced over short runs. • Reduced wear on the engine. • Inside of car warms up faster. The engine heater is effective at outside temperatures up to 58–68°F (+15–20°C). The warmer it is outside, the shorter the time the engine heater needs to be connected. Longer than 1.5 hours is unnecessary. If the car is equipped with a removable, electrical cabin heater that is not in use, this should be stored in the luggage compartment.
Driving in cold weather Before starting a journey in cold weather you should check the following: • That the wiper blades have not become frozen to the windshield/glass. • Brush any snow away from the air intake for the heater system (opening between hood and windshield). • It may be advisable to lubricate the door-lock cylinder (use molybdenum disulphide, MoS2) to prevent its freezing. If the lock has frozen, take care not to break the key (or use the remote control) – heat it first or spray it with de-icer. • Periodically during the winter, add gasoline anti-freeze to the fuel to dispel any condensation in the fuel tank which could freeze and cause problems in the system. Keep the tank well filled to reduce the risk of condensation forming. If the car is parked outside in freezing weather, fuel additives (gasoline anti-freeze) will not do any good as it cannot remove water that has already frozen. Park the car in a warm place so that any ice that may have built up melts, then add gasoline anti-freeze when filling up the tank. Condensation is caused by changes in the outdoor temperature or by the car being parked alternately in a garage and outside. • It is particularly important when the roads are slippery that the brakes and tires be in good condition.
• Check the anti-freeze in the engine coolant, see page 195. The car´s trip computer will warn you when there is a risk of slippery conditions. For further information on this function, see page 68. The car is equipped with tires designed to provide optimum grip on both wet and dry roads, although this has been achieved at the expense of somewhat reduced grip on snow and ice. For regular driving on snow and ice, we therefore recommend that winter (snow) tires be fitted. Winter (snow) tires, particularly studded tires (where use is legally permitted), generally make driving safer on snow and ice. Acquaint yourself with the legal provisions governing the use of different types of winter tires and snow chains. Studded tires are not allowed in some countries.
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Starting and driving If winter tires are fitted, the same type must be fitted on all wheels. Your Saab dealer will be pleased to advise you on the best tires for your car. Remember that tires age. It may therefore be necessary to change them before they reach the legal wear limit, as they gradually lose their friction properties. The best response if the car gets into a front-wheel skid is to freewheel (manual gearbox only), i.e. disengage the clutch (so that the wheels are neither driven or retarded by the engine. If the car has automatic transmission, ease up on the accelerator and steer carefully in the desired direction. In a rear-wheel skid, steer in the same direction that the rear of the car is moving.
Tire chains 3 If you want to fit tire chains (where legally permitted) they should only be fitted to the tires recommended under ”Specifications” (see page 266). Consult your Saab dealer for details of approved tire chains.
WARNING • Do not exceed 30 mph (50 km/h) when tire chains are fitted. • Tire chains can reduce the directional stability of the car. • Tire chains must not be used on the rear wheels.
NOTICE • Check the links frequently for wear. • Check that the chains do not contact the wheel-arch liner at full lock. • See section ”Specifications”, page 266, for information on allowable wheel dimensions for the fitting of tire chains.
Driving in hot weather Always check the coolant level before starting a journey. When the engine is cold, the coolant shall lie on or just above the KALT/COLD mark on the expansion tank.. At the end of a journey, if the engine has worked hard, allow it to idle for two or three minutes before switching it off. If the needle on the temperature gauge enters the red zone: 1 Bring the car to a standstill but leave the engine running. Do not remove the cap on the expansion tank even if the tank is empty. If the needle on the temperature gauge continues to rise while the engine is idling, switch off the engine.
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2 Wait until the needle has dropped back to indicate normal temperature (roughly midway, in the white zone) before stopping the engine. If the coolant needs topping up, unscrew the cap on expansion tank carefully. Top up, as necessary, ideally with a 50/50 mixture of Saab-approved coolant and water. If only water is available, use that, but remember to have the coolant mixture checked as soon as possible.
WARNING • Exercise care when opening the hood if the engine is overheated. Never remove the expansion tank cap completely when the engine is hot. • The cooling system is pressurized hot coolant and vapor can escape. These can cause injury to your eyes and burns. Open the cap slowly to release the pressure before removing it. 3 As soon as possible, have the cooling system checked by a workshop. We recommend that you contact an authorized Saab dealer.
Towing a trailer 3 WARNING • When towing a trailer, do not attempt to negotiate a hill having a gradient in excess of 15 %. The weight distribution over the front wheels of the car will be insufficient to prevent wheelspin, making further progress impossible. • In addition, the parking brake may not always be able to hold the car and trailer securely, with the result that the wheels can start to slide downhill. • Always apply the trailer’s parkingbrake when unhitching it. There is otherwise a risk of personal injury or damage to the bumper should the trailer start to roll.
Trailer hitch attachment 3 Trailer hitch attachments are available as accessories. These are designed for a maximum trailer weight of 3500 lbs. (1588 kg), see also page 259. Use only the electrical trailer hitch socket provided in the trailer hitch kit. 3 Saab recommends: • Use a Saab original hitch kit attachment which is designed and tested by Saab. • Consult your Saab dealer regarding the appropriate hitch kit for your car.
If the car has a 13-pin genuine Saab electrical socket, the trailer/caravan can be equipped with rear fog lamp and reversing lamps. The caravan can also have interior and exterior lighting when the car’s ignition is off. Do not put a load on the battery for so long that it becomes discharged and the car cannot be started. There is also access to power in the caravan during a journey, the caravan battery can be charged for example.
NOTICE Only use a towbar that has been approved for your car. We recommend that you entrust towbar installation to an authorized Saab workshop, which can also provide important information such as trailer weight. Your authorized Saab workshop has information on how the towbar is to be installed and whether other measures must be undertaken that could affect the cooling system or other equipment. We recommend that you consult an authorized Saab dealer for guidance on how to connect the trailer hitch electrical system.
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Starting and driving Trailer weight Maximum recommended trailer weights for different gradients, with a view to comfort and drivability for manual and automatic cars, are shown on the drawing. Make sure you are familiar with the law regarding speed limits for towing, maximum trailer weights, trailer-braking requirements, and also any special driving-license provisions (see also page 259). The specified trailer weights and gradients assume that the journey starts at the hill and therefore apply only to short periods.
Maximum recommended trailer weights for different gradients
Recommendations for driving in hilly terrain The following time limits are based on the capacity of the cooling system in warm weather, i.e. approximately 86°F (30°C). Gradient Maximum of hill, % trailer weight, lbs. (kg) 6–7 3300 (1500) 8–9 3300 (1500) 10–15 1870 (850)
Maximum duration, minutes unlimited 15 max 15 max
The following time limits are based on the capacity of the cooling system in hot weather, i.e. approximately 104°F (40°C). Gradient Maximum of hill, % trailer weight, lbs. (kg) 6–7 2000 (900) 8–9 2000 (900) 10–15 1000 (450)
Maximum duration, minutes unlimited 15 max 15 max.
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When negotiating long hills, bear the following important considerations in mind: • Use Normal mode when driving with a caravan or trailer on hilly roads. The adaptive gear change pattern function will prevent the transmission overheating. • Rises in coolant temperature are indicated by the temperature gauge in the main instrument panel.
Recommendations for cars with automatic transmission Rises in coolant temperature are indicated by the temperature gauge in the main instrument panel. The following steps are taken in order as the temperature of the engine increases:
When continuing your journey, select manual mode and a gear in which the engine speed is about 3,000 rpm until the incline eases (see page 157).
• Gear change pattern is altered. • A/C compressor is switched off. • Engine torque is reduced. The following message will be displayed on the SID if the transmission fluid becomes too hot: “Gearbox too hot. Make a safe stop. If this message appears, stop the car as soon as it is safe to do so and allow the engine to idle until the message has gone out. The selector lever should be in position P.
Remember to use the braking effect of the engine (position D or L) when you are descending long or steep hills to spare the brakes. Brake failure can result from overheated brakes!
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Starting and driving Recommendations for cars with manual gearbox Rises in coolant temperature are indicated by the temperature gauge in the main instrument panel. The following steps are taken in order as the temperature of the engine increases: • A/C compressor is switched off. • engine torque is reduced. When continuing your journey, select a gear in which the engine speed is about 3,000 rpm until the incline eases.
WARNING Utilize the braking effect of the engine (1st, 2nd or 3rd gear) when you are descending long or steep hills to spare the brakes. Brake failure can result from overheated brakes!
Checks before driving
Always take extra care when towing a trailer, as the car’s handling will be different and its braking effect reduced. The trailer’s braking system and suspension also have a considerable effect on these characteristics, see also ”Driving with a load” page 181. If the car has automatic transmission, select position D when ascending steep hills. This ensures that the adaptive gear change patterns are operational, see page 158. Use position D or L for steep descents.
Make sure that the car and camper or trailer are in good working order. This is essential since towing a camper or trailer increases the strain on the car.
NOTICE If the ”Automatic transmission 3, fault indicator” indicator comes on, cease towing until the problem has been rectified.
• Check and if necessary adjust the tire pressure of the car and camper or trailer. • Make sure all wheel bolts are properly tightened. • Make sure that the equipment joining the car and camper or trailer is properly secured and adjusted. • Make sure the camper or trailer’s electrical cable is properly connected and is not so long that it drags along the ground. Also, make sure the cable is not too short and risks breaking when turning a corner. • Check all bulbs. • Check the car and camper or trailer brakes. • Make sure that all items on or in the caravan or trailer are properly secured. • Make sure that the camper or trailer’s jockey wheel is raised and locked. • Check the distribution of the load so that the car and camper or trailer are well balanced. • Check that the rearview mirrors provide the best possible rearward vision. • Make sure the camper or trailer’s safety cable is correctly attached.
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The weight distribution on the trailer makes a lot of difference to the handling properties of the car and trailer combination. As regards single-axle trailers, whenever possible, concentrate the load over the wheels and keep it as low as possible. The trailer should be loaded so that the maximum load on the towbar ball is 5 % to 7 % of the trailer weight with a maximum permissible tongue weight of 110–165 lbs. (50–75 kg). Note that this load must be added to the total load for the car. If this now exceeds the specified load capacity, the load in the luggage compartment will have to be reduced by a corresponding amount.
WARNING When you connect the trailer be sure to attach its safety chains to the holes as illustrated.
Trailer hitch load
Distribution of load in trailer a Light b Moderate c Heavy
Attach the safety chains to the holes as illustrated
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Driving with a roof rack load
• Due to higher aerodynamic drag, fuel economy may suffer when driving with a roof rack. The maximum permissible roof load is 220 lbs. (100 kg). Note that the roof load is included in the car’s maximum permissible load (see page 258). Strong, sturdy roof carriers 3 designed specially for the car are available from your Saab dealer. Always secure the roof load safely.
Fitting the roof carriers 3, 9-5 Sedan and 9-5 SportCombi without roof rails The carrier feet are marked with a top view of the car and arrow indicating their positions. 1 Slip the plastic cover onto the adjustable foot of the carrier (foot with knob for tightening) to protect the paintwork during assembly. 2 Open all the doors. Fold back the rubber strip and find the fixing holes.
• A roof load will affect the car’s center of gravity and aerodynamics. Be aware of this when cornering and driving in crosswinds. • Suit your speed to the prevailing conditions.
3 Start on the left-hand side of the car. Rest the carrier carefully across the roof, with the rigid foot towards you. Hold the foot clear of the roof to avoid damaging the paintwork. Fold back the rubber strip and insert the pins on the foot into the fixing holes. Make sure that the rubber strip comes inside the plastic cover on the carrier. Repeat the procedure with the other carrier.
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Starting and driving Fitting the roof carriers 3, 9-5 SportCombi with roof rails 1 Clean the car’s roof rails. 2 Check the markings on the cross members to see which is the front and which is the rear roof carrier. 3 Place the cross members on the roof rails, on their respective sides of the center supports. The cross members must not be placed beyond the front or rear joint on the rail. Ensure that the distance between the cross members is at least 28 inches (700 mm). If a roof box is to be fitted, the cross members must be positioned so that the tailgate can be opened fully without hitting the roof box. 4 Using your thumb, press the bracket so that it lies snugly against the outside of the roof rail. Make sure that the roof carriers are seated centrally on the rubber spacers and that these sit correctly on the roof rail. Pull the spacers down slightly on the inside of the roof rail. 5 Center the roof carriers so that they protrude equally on both sides. 6 Tighten the roof carriers by hand. Ensure that the tightening knobs are upright once the roof carriers have been tightened. 7 Make sure the roof carriers are securely in place.
4 Close the doors on the left-hand side of the car gently, to hold the carrier feet in place. 5 Now go around to the other side of the car and remove the plastic cover from the carrier’s adjustable foot. Fold back the rubber strip and insert the pins on the foot into the fixing holes. Do the same with the other carrier and close the doors gently. 6 Tighten each carrier by turning the knob clockwise (by hand). Tighten just enough to bring the foot up against the edges of the fixing holes. Remove the carriers when not in use, as they increase fuel consumption. The instructions that accompany the carriers also include advice on driving with a roof load – we strongly recommend that you read them carefully.
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Starting and driving
Driving at night
Driving with a load
Bear in mind the following points when driving at night:
The driving characteristics of the car are affected by the way it is loaded.
• Nighttime driving requires your full concentration. • Do not rush. Count on your journey taking slightly longer. • The number of drivers under the influence of drugs is likely to be greater at night than during the day. • Do not stare at the headlights of oncoming vehicles. • Avoid driving at night if you have poor eyesight. Night vision deteriorates with age. • Keep your car's headlights, windows and mirrors clean. Also, if you wear glasses, make sure they are clean. • Make sure you are well rested before starting a long journey. Take a break every other hour. • Only eat light meals. Heavy meals have a tendency to induce tiredness.
• Place heavy loads as far forward and as low as possible in the trunk. • Secure the load to the tie downs, see page 131. • The load should be such that the car´s total weight or axle weight are not exceeded, see page 258. • Heavy loads mean that the car’s center of gravity is further back. As a result, the car will sway more during evasive steering. • Never exceed the permissible load in the roof box 3, even if there is room for more. • Ensure that the tire pressure is correct – slight overinflation is preferable to underinflation. • The braking distance of a loaded car is always greater. Keep your distance from the vehicle in front. • Roof loads can negatively affect telecommunication. Tire pressure, see page 268 and back cover.
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Starting and driving
Tires WARNING Check the tire pressure at least once a month and before long journeys. Underinflation can result in: • Punctures • Separation of the tire and tread • Damage to the sidewalls • Damage to the rims on poor roads • Poor handling characteristics • Premature tire wear • Increased fuel consumption.
The tire pressure should match the current load and speed of the car; for cars sold in U.S. see page 231; for cars sold in Canada see page 267. The tire pressures given apply to cold tires, that is tires that are the same temperature as the outside air temperature. The tire pressure increases as the tires become warm (e.g. during highway driving) with approximately 0.3 bar (4 psi). When the temperature of the tires changes by 50° (10°C), the tire pressure will change 0.1 bar (2 psi).
Never reduce the pressure of a hot tire. If the tires are hot when you check them, only increase the pressure, if necessary. Underinflated tires wear more quickly than slightly overinflated tires. If a valve is leaking, simply unscrew it and fit a new one. Important! Remember to adjust the tire pressures if you change the load in the car or intend to drive at substantially lower or higher speeds than normal.
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Starting and driving
Driving with a spare wheel fitted
Driving in deep water
See page 235.
Driving with the trunk lid/tailgate open
Do not drive in water deeper than 12 inches (30 cm) and do not drive faster than 3–4 mph. Water can otherwise be sucked into the engine. The engine will be seriously damaged if water enters the intake system.
Avoid driving with the trunk lid/tailgate partly or fully open, since exhaust fumes can be drawn into the cabin. If you must drive with the trunk lid/tailgate open, all windows and the moonroof 3 must be closed and the cabin fan on at its highest speed setting.
Towing the car WARNING • Remember that the brake servo does not operate when the engine is off. Much greater pressure than normal will therefore be required to operate the brake pedal. • Nor does the steering servo operate when the engine is off. The steering will therefore be much heavier than usual. • The towing vehicle should always be heavier than the vehicle on tow. • Never allow passengers to ride in the car being towed. • Always seek professional help if the car needs to be towed.
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Starting and driving
Front towing eye WARNING • Make sure that the towing eye at the front is screwed in tightly.
NOTICE • Do not drive the car with the front towing eye in position. If it catches the curb, for example, the engine subframe could be damaged. • Refit the plastic plug in the hole when the towing eye has been removed, to keep dirt and moisture out of the threads.
Front towing eye The front towing eye is stored with the spare wheel. The attachment point (tapped hole) for the towing eye is midway along the engine subframe at the front of the car. Remove the plastic plug and screw in the towing eye securely. To ensure that the towing eye is in far enough, insert the handle of the wheel wrench through the eye for additional leverage.
• Make sure that all bystanders keep a suitable distance, in case the towing eye or tow rope should break. The towing eye or tow rope could catapult off and cause serious injury.
• The towing eye is only designed for use when the car is being towed on the road. It must not be used to pull the car out of a ditch, for example.
Rear towing eye
Rear towing eye The car has a permanently mounted towing eye at the back. If the car is equipped with a trailer hitch, this can be used instead of the towing eye.
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Starting and driving Towing the car
Transporting the car
• Never use the towing eyes to pull the car unstuck.
If a car with a sport (lowered) chassis is transported, for example on a flat bed truck, take extra care not to damage the spoiler and/or underbody.
Gear lever in neutral (in cars with automatic transmission: selector lever at N (neutral)) Turn on the parking lights. Drive carefully and do not exceed the speed limit for vehicles being towed. Always try to keep the towrope taut by gently applying the brake, as necessary. This will avoid the towrope being jerked violently. The local regulations on towing speeds must be followed. The highest permissible towing speed is 30 mph (50 km/h), unless the legal limit is lower. The longest permissible towing distance is 30 miles (50 km). If the car has to be transported farther than that, summon a tow truck. A flat bed tow truck is the preferred method to tow. Failure to follow these guidelines can result in damage.
Never use the towing eyes to pull the car unstuck Cars with automatic transmission
NOTICE • The car must be towed front first. • If the car is to be towed with the front wheels off the ground, make sure the parking brake is off, as this acts on the rear wheels. The car cannot be push started. In an emergency, it is possible to start the engine using jump leads (see the section, ”Jump starting” on page 186).
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Starting and driving
To jump start your vehicle: 1 Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt battery with a negative ground system.
If your battery has run down, you may want to use another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your Saab. Follow the steps below to do it safely.
NOTICE If the other system is not a 12-volt system with a negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged. IB3931
• When working on the battery, highly explosive gas can build up. A spark could ignite this gas that collects around the battery. Therefore, always avoid sparks and open flames in the vicinity of the battery. • The battery contains corrosive sulfuric acid. Always wear a face mask or goggles when working on the battery. • If battery acid gets into the eyes or splashes onto skin or clothing, wash the affected area liberally with water. If acid gets into the eyes or a large quantity makes contact with the skin, seek medical help. • Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds. Wash your hands after handling.
NOTICE Ignoring these steps could result in costly damage to your vehicle that would not be covered by your warranty. Trying to start your car by pushing or pulling it could damage your vehicle, even if you have a manual transmission. If you have an automatic transmission, your vehicle cannot be started by pushing or pulling it.
2 Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables can reach, but be sure the vehicles are not touching each other. If a poor connection on the negative jumper cable should exist, it is possible for damage to be caused to electrical systems/components of either vehicle should inadvertent contact be made. You would not be able to start your car and bad grounding could damage electrical systems.
WARNING You could be injured if the vehicles roll. Set the parking brake firmly on each vehicle. Put an automatic transmission in P (Park) or a manual transmission in Neutral. 3 Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Turn off all lights that are not needed, and radios. This will avoid sparks and help save both batteries and it could save your radio.
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Starting and driving NOTICE
If you leave your radio on, it could be badly damaged. The repairs would not be covered by your warranty. 4 Open the hood and locate the battery. Find the positive (+) and negative (–) terminals on the battery.
WARNING An electric fan can start up even when the engine is not running and can injure you. Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any underhood electric fan.
Using a match or flame of any kind near a battery can cause battery gas to explode. You can suffer burns or be blinded. Use a flashlight if you need more light. Be sure the battery has enough water. The battery installed in your new Saab has filler caps. Be sure the right amount of water is there. Add distilled or boiled water if the level is too low. If you don’t, explosive gas could be present. Be sure the electrolyte in the battery is not frozen. Discharged batteries will freeze. When connecting jumper cables to a frozen battery, gas from the chemical reaction inside the battery can build up under the ice and cause an explosion. Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you. Do not get it on you. If you accidentally get it in your eyes or on your skin, flush the area with water and get medical help immediately.
5 Check that the jumper cables do not have loose or missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock and also the vehicles could be damaged. Before you connect the cables, here are some basic things you should know. Positive (+) will go to positive (+) and negative (–) will go to a major metal engine part with a good ground. Do not connect (+) to (–) or you will get a short that could injure you or would damage the battery and maybe other parts as well. 6 Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+) terminal of the vehicle with the discharged battery. 7 Do not let the other end touch metal. Connect it to the positive (+) terminal of the good battery. Use a remote positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one. 8 Now connect the black negative (–) cable to the good battery’s negative terminal.
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Starting and driving WARNING
Do not let the other end touch anything until the next step. The other end of the negative cable does not go to the dead battery. It goes to a major metal part with a good ground on the engine of the vehicle with the discharged battery. 9 Attach the cable at least 18 inches (45 cm) away from the discharged battery, but not near engine parts that move. To avoid an arc which could detonate the hydrogen gas around the battery, the final connection must be at least 18” from the battery. 10 Start the vehicle with the good battery and run the engine for a while. 11 Try to start the vehicle with the discharged battery. If it does not start after a few tries, it probably needs service. 12 Remove the cables in reverse order to prevent electrical shorting. Take care that they do not touch each other or any other metal.
Charging the battery/Jump starting To avoid damaging the car’s electrical system and electronics, the following rules must be followed when charging the battery or jump starting the car. • If the charger 3 or starter unit 3 can be set to different voltages (6V/12V/18V/24V), 12V must be selected. • Follow the manufacturer’s instructions supplied with the charger or starter unit. • Nothing that is plugged into an electrical outlet should be connected to the car during charging or jump starting. • The charger or starter unit must under no conditions produce a voltage greater than: • 16V continuous • 18V for 60 min. • If you are unsure about the charge rating of the unit, disconnect the battery clamp from the positive terminal before connecting the unit to the battery.
Tires ________________ Compact spare tire ____ Safety belts __________ Upholstery and trim ___ Textile carpeting ______ Washing the car ______ Waxing and polishing__ Engine compartment __ Touching up the paint _ Air conditioning (ACC) _ Anti-corrosion treatment For long trips_________ Recovery and/or recycling of automotive materials ___________ Headlight aiming ______
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Car care and technical information
WARNING Never hold your fingers between the hood and safety catch if lowering but not closing the hood. Check that the hood is now closed securely.
Hood release handle
The hood release handle is located underneath the instrument panel. To open the hood: 1 Pull the release handle. 2 The front of the hood will now spring up, providing access to the secondary safety catch. 3 Push the catch upwards, pushing the hood downward a little bit at the same time. The hood can now be lifted right up. To close the hood, release it from a height of about 8 - 16 in (20-40 cm). Do not press down on it.
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Car care and technical information
Engine families Saab cars imported into the United States and Canada meet all applicable emission control standards. The engine family and appropriate tune-up specifications are identified on a label affixed to the left front inner fender. These engine families meet applicable EPA Federal Standards, California State Standards and Canadian Federal Standards and are equipped with the following systems: • • • • •
Sequential multiport fuel injection system Three way catalytic converter Crankcase emissions control system Evaporative emission control system On-Board diagnostic (OBD II) system.
Emission control systems The systems for controlling emissions to the atmosphere require regular checking and adjustment at the intervals specified in the service program. In addition to meeting the exhaust emission regulations and thereby helping to keep the environment clean, a correctly tuned engine will also give maximum fuel economy.
WARNING Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to the State of CA to cause cancer and birth defects and reproductive harm. In addition, certain fluids contained in vehicles and certain products of component wear contain or emit chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.
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Car care and technical information Saab Trionic engine management system The Saab Trionic engine management system is a unique Saab development that combines sequential multiport fuel injection, electronic distributorless ignition and turbocharger boost pressure control into one system. The Trionic engine control module (ECM) monitors many different engine parameters such as: • Intake manifold pressure • Intake air temperature • Crankshaft position • Engine coolant temperature • Throttle position and • The oxygen content of the exhaust gases. The ECM receives information regarding engine knocking from a sophisticated feedback function in the ignition discharge unit. By processing all of this information, the Trionic system can control fuel injector opening duration, ignition timing and turbocharger boost pressure to provide excellent engine performance while maintaining low emissions and fuel consumption.
NOTICE The Trionic engine management system continuously monitors the operation of these systems and has on-board diagnostic capabilities (OBD II). If the ”Engine malfunction (CHECK ENGINE)” lamp in the main instrument illuminates, this indicates that the Trionic ECM has detected a problem. The car will continue to operate, but performance may be diminished. You should have your car checked by a Saab dealer as soon as possible.
ORVR (Onboard Refueling Vapor Recovery) Hydrocarbon vapors formed when refueling will be recovered by the car and not released into the atmosphere. The hydrocarbons are absorbed in a evaporative emission canister. When the engine is subsequently started, the evaporative emission canister is gradually purged as air is sucked into it through a shut-off valve. The hydrocarbon/air mixture passes through the evap canister purge valve and into the engine where it is burned. When refueling, make sure you screw the filler cap on and keep turning until it has clicked at least 3 times. Otherwise, it is possible for the CHECK ENGINE light to illuminate. Refueling, see page 146.
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Car care and technical information
NOTICE • Do not operate the engine with a low oil level.
The 2.3-liter model is a transverse, 4-cylinder in-line engine with twin overhead camshafts and 4 valves per cylinder. This engine is equipped with balance shafts that reduce engine vibration to a minimum. The balance shafts are chain driven and rotate at twice the speed of the crankshaft. They produce forces and torques that are opposed to those generated by the pistons and connecting rods, an effect that occurs twice for each revolution of the engine. Engine noise is also reduced as the counter-rotating shafts counteract the vibration from the moving parts of the engine. The transmission, located on the right (viewed from the front), is integrated with the engine. All models have front-wheel drive.
When necessary, add oil of the recommended grade via the dipstick tube. Recommended oil grade, see page 261.
Engine oil Checking the oil level Check the engine-oil level regularly. This should be done after the engine has been run to normal temperature and then allowed to cool for 2–5 minutes, with the car standing on level ground. Remove the dipstick and wipe it clean before checking the level. The oil level must not be allowed to drop below the MIN mark on the dipstick, nor should oil be filled beyond the MAX mark, as this can lead to excessive oil consumption. The distance between the MIN and MAX marks on the dipstick corresponds to a volume of approximately 1.05 qts (1 liter).
• Change engine oil and oil filter as prescribed in the service programme. • Only use the recommended oil type. Follow the three points listed above to avoid severe engine damage. More frequent oil changes are recommended if your vehicle is operated under certain conditions, see page 252.
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Car care and technical information
Manual transmission Check and top up the fluid in accordance with the service program.
Automatic transmission Check and top up the fluid in accordance with the service program.
Coolant WARNING • Proceed with caution if the radiator is boiling when you open the hood. Never remove the expansion-tank filler cap when the radiator is boiling. • The cooling system is pressurized – hot coolant and vapor can escape when the filler cap is released. These can cause injury to your eyes and burns. Loosen the cap carefully, and let the engine cool before removing the cap. • Exercise care when adding coolant. C oolanton hot surfaces constitutes a fire risk. There is an overpressure in the cooling system. Coolant temperatures can sometimes exceed 212°F (100 °C). The expansion tank is transparent to facilitate checking of the coolant level. When the engine is cold, the coolant shall lie on or just above the KALT/COLD mark on the expansion tank.
Coolant expansion tank If the message ”Coolant level low. Refill.” is displayed on the SID, check the level of fluid in the expansion tank. Top up, as necessary, with equal parts of clean water and Saab-approved coolant. Coolants of a different brand could damage the engine or cooling system. We therefore recommend strict use of coolants that have been approved by Saab. If the expansion tank is empty when coolant is added, run the engine to normal temperature and top up again, as necessary.
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Car care and technical information
The cooling system is charged at the factory with coolant containing a 45 % concentration of a combined antifreeze and corrosion inhibitor. A weaker mixture will result in reduced anticorrosion protection. For protection against freezing in very cold weather, a stronger concentration will be needed. A 60 % concentration of antifreeze will provide protection at temperatures down to –58°F (–50°C). The coolant does not normally have to be changed during the service life of the car. The type of coolant used has a reddish color and should not be mixed with other types of coolant. Saab Original coolant should be used all year round. Only use coolant approved by Saab. Note: If incorrect coolant is used or added, the life-time properties will be affected. Even if the coolant is flushed from the system and replaced with life-time coolant, life-time properties are no longer retained and the coolant must then be