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DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation
ADSL Homestation DC-214/216
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  • Page 1

    DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation

    ADSL Homestation DC-214/216

    full manual



  • Page 2



  • Page 3

    DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation

    1.

    INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................ 2
    1.2 Package Contents .............................................................................................. 2
    1.3 The DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation Features........................................................ 3
    1.4 PHYSICAL DETAILS .................................................................................................... 4
    THE FRONT LEDS............................................................................................................ 4
    THE REAR PORTS ............................................................................................................ 4
    1.5 CABLING................................................................................................................. 5
    2. INSTALLATION ............................................................................................................ 6
    2.1 Installing the USB Driver .................................................................................... 6
    Windows XP....................................................................................................... 6
    Windows 2000 ................................................................................................. 10
    Windows Me .................................................................................................... 13
    Windows 98..................................................................................................... 16
    3. CONFIGURING THE NETWORK PROPERTIES...................................................................... 21
    Windows 98/ME ............................................................................................... 21
    Windows 2000/XP ............................................................................................ 22
    Windows 98/ME/2000/XP .................................................................................. 22
    4. CONFIGURATION UTILITY ........................................................................................... 23
    5. ADVANCED CONFIGURATION. ....................................................................................... 30
    5.1 Default settings ............................................................................................... 30
    5.2 Password ........................................................................................................ 30
    5.3 Information from ISP ....................................................................................... 31
    5.4 Configuring with Web Browser ........................................................................... 33
    5.5 Status ............................................................................................................ 34
    5.5.1 Homepage ................................................................................................... 34
    5.5.2 Status – ADSL Status .................................................................................... 35
    5.5.3 Status – LAN ................................................................................................ 36
    5.6 Configuration .................................................................................................. 37
    5.6.1 WAN Configuration ........................................................................................ 37
    5.6.2 LAN Configuration ......................................................................................... 40
    5.6.3 NAT Configuration ......................................................................................... 42
    5.6.4 Virtual Server Configuration ........................................................................... 44
    5.6.5 Bridge Filtering Configuration ......................................................................... 46
    5.6.6 DNS Configuration......................................................................................... 47
    5.6.7 Save Settings ............................................................................................... 48
    5.7 Administration ................................................................................................. 48
    5.7.1 WAN Status.................................................................................................. 48
    5.7.2 ATM Status................................................................................................... 49
    5.7.3 TCP Status ................................................................................................... 50
    5.7.4 Route Table.................................................................................................. 51
    5.7.5 Learned ( Bridge ) MAC Table ......................................................................... 53
    5.7.6 ADSL Configuration ....................................................................................... 54
    5.7.7 RIP Configuration .......................................................................................... 55
    5.7.8 Password Configuration.................................................................................. 57
    5.7.9 Miscellaneous Configuration........................................................................... 58
    5.7.10 Reset to Factory Default............................................................................... 59
    5.7.11 Diagnostic Test ........................................................................................... 60
    5.7.12 Firmware Update......................................................................................... 63
    5.7.13 Network Code Image Update ........................................................................ 64
    5.7.14 System Log ................................................................................................ 64
    6. TROUBLE SHOOTING ................................................................................................... 65
    6.1 Problems Starting Up the ADSL Router ............................................................... 65
    6.2 Problems with the WAN Interface....................................................................... 65
    6.3 Problems with the LAN Interface ........................................................................ 65
    6.4 Problems Connecting to a Remote Node or ISP .................................................... 65
    7. SPECIFICATIONS ....................................................................................................... 66

    Please, visit www.sitecom.com for support, drivers and manualsi



  • Page 4

    DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation

    1.

    Introduction
    The DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation provides a high-speed Ethernet port and an USB port
    for high-speed Internet browsing. It can support downstream transmission rates of up to
    8Mbps and upstream transmission rates of up to 1024Kbps. It is compliant with Multi-Mode
    standard (ANSI T1.413, Issue 2; G.dmt (G.992.1); G.lite (G992.2); G.hs (G994.1)).
    It is the perfect solution to connect a small group of PCs to a high-speed broadband
    Internet connection. Multi-users can have high-speed Internet access simultaneously.
    This product also serves as an Internet firewall, protecting your network from being
    accessed by outside users. Not only provide the natural firewall function (Network Address
    Translation, NAT), it also provides rich firewall features to secure user’s network. All
    incoming data packets are monitored and filtered. Besides, it can also be configured to
    block internal users from accessing to the Internet.
    The product provides two levels of security support. First, it masks LAN users’ IP addresses
    which are invisible to outside users on the Internet, making it much more difficult for a
    hacker to target a machine on your network. Secondly, it can block and redirect certain
    ports to limit the services that outside users can access. For example, to ensure that
    games and other Internet applications will run properly, users can open some specific ports
    for outside users to access internal services in network.
    Integrated DHCP services, client and server, allow multiple users to get their IP addresses
    automatically on boot up from the product. Simply set local machines as a DHCP client to
    accept a dynamically assigned IP address from DHCP server and reboot. Each time local
    machine is powered up; the router will recognize it and assign an IP address and instantly
    connect it to the LAN.
    For advanced users, the Virtual Service function allows the product to provide limited
    visibility to local machines with specific services for outside users. An ISP provided IP
    address can be set to the product and then specific services can be rerouted to specific
    computers on the local network. For instance, a dedicated web server can be connected to
    the Internet via the product and then incoming requests for HTML that are received by the
    product can be rerouted to the dedicated local web server, even though the server now has
    a different IP address. In this example, the product is on the Internet and vulnerable to
    attacks, but the server is protected.
    Virtual Server can also be used to re-task services to multiple servers. For instance, the
    product can be set to allow separated FTP, Web, and Multiplayer game servers to share the
    same Internet-visible IP address while still protecting the servers and LAN users from
    hackers.

    1.2 Package Contents
    1.

    DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation

    2.

    One CD-ROM containing the driver and online manual

    3.

    One Quick Start Guide

    4.

    One RJ-11 ADSL/telephone cable

    5.

    One CAT-5 crossover LAN cable

    6.

    One USB cable

    7.One power adapter

    2



  • Page 5

    1.3 The DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation Features
    The DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation provides the following features:
    ADSL Multi-Mode Standard: Supports downstream transmission rates of up to 8Mbps and
    upstream transmission rates of up to 1024Kbps. It is compliant with Multi-Mode standard
    (ANSI T1.413, Issue 2; G.dmt (G.992.1); G.lite (G992.2); G.hs (G994.1)).
    Multi-Protocol to Establish A Connection: Supports PPPoA (RFC 2364 - PPP over ATM
    Adaptation Layer 5), RFC 1483 encapsulation over ATM (bridged or routed), PPP over
    Ethernet (RFC 2516) and IPoA (RFC1577) to establish a connection with ISP. The product
    also supports VC-based and LLC-based multiplexing.
    Network Address Translation (NAT): Allows multi-users to access outside resource such
    as Internet simultaneously with one IP address/one Internet access account. Besides, many
    application layer gateway (ALG) are supported such as web browser, ICQ, FTP, Telnet, Email, News, Ping and others.
    Domain Name System (DNS) relay: Provides an easy way to map the domain name (a
    friendly name for user such as www.yahoo.com) and IP address. When local machine sets
    its DNS server with this router’s IP address. Then every DNS conversion request packet
    from the PC to this router will be forwarded to the real DNS in outside network. After the
    router gets the reply, then forwards it back to the PC.
    PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE): Provides embedded PPPoE client function to establish a
    connection. Users can get greater access speed without changing the operation concept,
    sharing the same ISP account and paying for one access account. No PPPoE client software
    is required for local computer. The Automatic Reconnect and Disconnect Timeout (Idle
    Timer) functions are provided, too.
    Virtual Server: User can specify some services to be visible from outside users. The router
    can detect incoming service request and forward it to the specific local computer to handle
    it. For example, user can assign a PC in LAN acting as WEB server inside and expose it to
    the outside network. Outside user can browse inside web server directly while it is protected
    by NAT. A DMZ host setting is also provided to a local computer exposed to the outside
    network, Internet.
    Bridge Filtering: Filters the packet based on MAC address. It will increase the performance
    in LAN and WAN, also provide a higher-level security control.
    Dynamic Host Control Protocol (DHCP) client and server: In the WAN site, the DHCP
    client can get an IP address from the Internet Server Provider (ISP) automatically. In the
    LAN site, the DHCP server can allocate multiple clients IP addresses and distribute them
    including IP address, subnet mask as well as DNS IP address to local computers. It provides
    an easy way to manage the local IP network.
    Web based GUI: Supports user-friendly web based GUI for configuration and management.

    3



  • Page 6

    DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation

    1.4 Physical details
    The Front LEDs

    Power

    USB

    When lit, it
    indicates that the
    device is turned on
    and working
    properly.

    When this LED is lit, it
    indicates that the USB
    port is connected to
    the PC and working
    properly. When
    flashing data is
    received/send

    LAN

    ADSL

    When lit, it indicates
    that the LAN port is
    connected to the PC
    and working
    properly. When
    flashing data is
    received/send

    When lit, it indicates
    the ADSL port is
    connected with the
    DSLAM and working
    properly. When
    flashing data is
    received/send.

    The Rear Ports

    LINE
    (RJ-11 connector)
    Connect the supplied
    RJ-11 cable to this port
    and the ADSL wallplug

    USB
    (USB connector)

    Reset

    Connect the
    supplied USB
    cable to this port
    when connecting
    to the PC.

    Press to restore to
    the factory default
    settings.

    4Please, visit www.sitecom.com for productregistration

    Ethernet Port
    (RJ-45 connector)

    Power
    (jack)

    On/Off

    Connect the supplied
    crossover cable to
    this port when
    connecting to a NIC
    (Network Interface
    card) in a PC.
    Connect an UTP
    Ethernet cable to this
    port when connecting
    to a LAN such as an
    office or home

    Connect the
    supplied
    power
    adapter to
    this jack.

    Turn the
    modem/router
    on or off



  • Page 7

    network.

    1.5 Cabling
    Through Ethernet Port
    Connect the LAN cables: Use standard LAN cables to connect the PCs to the LAN ports
    (switch) on the homestation.
    Make sure that all connected devices are turned on. Please, check that the PWR, LAN LNK
    and ADSL SYN LEDs are lit. If they are not, verify that you are using the proper cables.
    If the cables are connected and the LEDs are lit normally, please go to section “3.
    Configuring the Network Properties” to modify the network settings.
    Through USB Port
    The product can be used as a Network Adapter on your PC. That means you do not have to
    install a network adapter first on your PC before connecting the DC-214/216 ADSL
    Homestation. Just connect the supplied USB cable to the USB port of the ADSL Homestation
    and connect the other end to the PC.
    Make sure that all connected devices are turned on. Please, check that the PWR, LAN LNK
    and ADSL SYN LEDs are lit. If they are not, verify that you are using the proper cables.
    If the cables are connected and the LEDs are lit normally, please go to section “2.
    Installing the USB Driver” below to setup this device.
    Connect ADSL/power
    Connect your ADSL cable to the LINE port on the homestation.
    Connect the power adapter to the homestation. Only use the adapter that is delivered with
    your homestation. Connect the power cord to power inlet and turn the power switch on.

    5



  • Page 8

    DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation

    2. Installation
    2.1 Installing the USB Driver
    If you connect the ADSL Homestation to the USB port, for the first time the USB cable is
    connected to the PC, Windows will automatically detect the device. Follow the steps to
    install the USB driver.
    Windows XP
    1. Select “Install from a list or specific location” and click “Next >”.

    6Please, visit www.sitecom.com for productregistration



  • Page 9

    2. Insert the installation CD into the CD-ROM drive. Check “Include this location in the
    search” and click “browse”. Browse to the ‘driver’ folder on the CD-Rom. Click “Next >”.

    3. Click “Continue Anyway” to pass the windows logo test.

    4. Click “Continue Anyway” to pass the windows logo test.

    7



  • Page 10

    DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation

    5. Click “Finish”.

    6. After a few moments, Windows will detect a new device, USB ADSL Adapter. Select
    “Install from a list or specific location”. Click “Next >”.

    7. Check “Include this location in the search” and click “browse”. Browse to the ‘driver’
    folder on the CD-Rom. Click “Next >”.

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  • Page 11

    8. Click “Continue Anyway” to pass the windows logo test.

    9. Click “Finish” to end installation.

    10.After installing the driver, follow the section “3. Configuring
    Properties” below to modify the network settings on your PC.

    the

    Network

    9



  • Page 12

    DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation

    Windows 2000
    1. Click “Next >”.

    2. Insert the installation CD into the CD-ROM drive. Select “Search for a suitable driver
    for my device”. Click “Next>”.

    3. Check “Specify a location”. Click “Next >”.

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  • Page 13

    4. Click “browse”. Browse to the ‘driver’ folder on the CD-Rom. Click “Next >”.

    5. Click “Next >” .

    6. Click “Yes” to pass the digital signature.

    11



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    DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation

    7. Press “Finish”.

    8. Click “Yes” to pass the digital signature.

    9. After installing the driver, follow the section “3. Configuring the Network
    Properties” below to modify the network settings on your PC.

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  • Page 15

    Windows Me
    1. Select “Specify the location of the driver”. Click “Next >”.

    2. Insert the installation CD into the CD-ROM drive. Select “Specify a location”. and click
    “browse”. Browse to the ‘driver’ folder on the CD-Rom. Click “Next >”.

    3. Click “Next >“.

    13



  • Page 16

    DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation

    4. Windows will start copying files to your system. Click “Finish”.

    5. Select “Specify the location of the driver”. Click “Next >”.

    6. Insert the installation CD into the CD-ROM drive. Select “Specify a location”. and click
    “browse”. Browse to the ‘driver’ folder on the CD-Rom. Click “Next >”.

    14Please, visit www.sitecom.com for productregistration



  • Page 17

    7. Click “Next >“.

    8. Windows will start copying files to your system. Click “Finish”.

    9. Click “Yes” to restart your PC.

    15



  • Page 18

    DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation

    10.After installing the driver, follow the section “3. Configuring the Network
    Properties” below to modify the network settings on your PC.
    Windows 98
    1. Click “Next >”.

    2. Select “Search for the best driver for your device [Recommended]”. Click “Next >”.

    3. Insert the installation CD into the CD-ROM drive. Select “Specify a location”. and click
    “browse”. Browse to the ‘driver’ folder on the CD-Rom. Click “Next >”.

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  • Page 19

    4. Click “Next >“.

    5. Windows will start copying files to your system. Then, click “Finish”.

    17



  • Page 20

    DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation

    6. Click “Next >“.

    7. Select “Search for the best driver for your device [Recommended]”. Click “Next >”.

    8. Insert the installation CD into the CD-ROM drive. Select “Specify a location”. and click
    “browse”. Browse to the ‘driver’ folder on the CD-Rom. Click “Next >”.

    18Please, visit www.sitecom.com for productregistration



  • Page 21

    9. Click “Next >“.

    19



  • Page 22

    DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation

    10.You will see the following screen prompting for the path of the Windows source files.
    Please specify a location of the original windows CD-Rom. Click “OK”.

    11.Windows will start copying files to your system. Then, click “Finish”.

    11.Click “Yes” to restart your PC.

    12.After installing the driver, follow the section “3. Configuring the Network
    Properties” below to modify the network settings on your PC.

    20Please, visit www.sitecom.com for productregistration



  • Page 23

    3. Configuring the Network Properties
    Windows 98/ME
    Right click the icon My Network Places on your desktop and then choose Properties. A window
    opens, like the one below:

    21



  • Page 24

    DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation

    Windows 2000/XP
    Right click the icon My Network Places on your desktop and then choose Properties. A window
    opens, like the one below:

    Right click the Local Area Connection of the correct network card, and then choose Properties.
    Windows 98/ME/2000/XP
    Select the line “ Internet Protocol” (2000/XP) or "TCP/IP -> network card" (98/ME), as
    illustrated below.

    Click on the button Properties to get a similar screen as the one that is illustrated below.

    Ensure "Obtain an IP address automatically" has been selected, as is illustrated above. The

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  • Page 25

    DHCP server in the broadband router will assign an IP address to the PC.

    Restart your PC, even if you have not made any changes.
    NOTE: If the list that appears on screen does not include a line, such as the one that has been
    selected above ("TCP/IP -> network card"), follow the steps below:
    • Click on the button "Add"
    • Double-click on "Protocol"
    • Select "Microsoft" and then "TCP/IP"
    • Click on "OK"
    • Wait a few seconds, so that TCP/IP can be added. Then, click "OK" to leave the network
    properties screen. Restart your PC.

    4. Configuration Utility
    The configuration utility is a very easy to use windows application to configure your router.
    It should only be installed on just 1 PC connected to the your DC-213/214.
    Browse to the Utility folder on the CD-Rom and click the set-up. The set-up wizard will start,
    click ‘Next’.

    23



  • Page 26

    DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation

    You can change the default installation folder, or Click ‘Next’

    The set-up gathered enough information. Click ‘Next’.

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  • Page 27

    Click ‘Finish’ to restart the PC

    After the reboot, please start the utility via start/programs/ADSL homestation Utility

    25



  • Page 28

    DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation

    In the Utility select
    your country. When your country is not listed select ‘manual
    configuration’. In that case you need additional information from your provider about
    protocols, encapsulation, and VPI/VCI settings.

    Choose your ISP. Besides a username or password, no additional settings like Encapsulation
    and VPI/VCI settings are required. The utility will set-up your DC-213 or DC-214/216
    automatically for the chosen ISP.
    If you want the homestation to maintain the connection at all time, enable ‘Automatic
    Reconnect’.
    If you want to be able to manually connect and disconnect from Internet, enable ‘Taskbar
    Connection Utility’. Click ‘OK’

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  • Page 29

    Click ‘OK’ to start the automatic configuration procedure.

    The Utility will copy all necessary settings to the DC-213 or DC-214/216. Do not interrupt
    this process, which could take up to 2 minutes. The blue status bar in the Utility window
    indicates the process.

    27



  • Page 30

    DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation

    Click ‘OK’ to finish the configuration. Click ‘cancel’ to quit the Utility.

    The taskbar will show a new icon. When clicking this icon the connection tool will start

    The status will show the type of connection and if you are connected or disconnected. The
    control depends on the connection status and shows ‘connect’ or ‘shut down’. When
    connecting or shutting down, a progress bar is shown. With hide the tool can be minimized
    to the taskbar.

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  • Page 31

    With right clicking the icon, you can quit or remove the utility. When quit, the utility will
    start automatically after a reboot

    29



  • Page 32

    DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation

    5. Advanced Configuration.
    5.1 Default settings
    1. password
    Password : There are two levels of password protection, Administrator Level and User
    Level.

    Administrator Level
    User Level

    User Name

    Password

    admin

    password

    user

    password

    2. Device IP LAN site
    IP Address : 192.168.1.254
    Subnet Mask : 255.255.255.0
    3. ISP setting in WAN site
    Virtual Circuit 0: 1483 Routed IP LLC
    Virtual Circuit 1 ~ 7 : 1483 Bridged IP LLC
    4. DHCP server
    DHCP server is enabled.
    IP address pool from IP Address : 192.168.1.100 to IP Address : 192.168.1.199

    5.2 Password
    There are two levels of password protection. The first level is for administrator and the
    second one is for user.
    If you want to configure the device with administrator level, type admin in the username
    field and password in the password field. If you want to configure the device with the user
    level, type user in the username field and password in the password field. Then, click
    “OK” to log in. You can modify these passwords for security and management purpose.
    If you ever forget the password to log in, you should contact the dealer where you
    bought this product.

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  • Page 33

    5.3 Information from ISP
    Before you start configuring this device, you have to check with your ISP what kind of
    service is provided, including the following:
    1.

    PPPoE VC-Mux

    2.

    PPPoE LLC

    3.

    PPPoE None

    4.

    PPPoA VC-Mux

    5.

    PPPoA LLC

    6.

    1483 Bridged IP VC-Mux

    7.

    1483 Bridged IP LLC

    8.

    1483 Routed IP VC-Mux

    9.

    1483 Routed IP LLC

    10. Classical IP over ATM
    11. Native ATM

    31



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    DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation

    Gather the information as illustrated in the following table and keep it for reference.
    PPPoE VC-Mux

    VPI/VCI, Service Name, Username, Password, and Domain
    Name System (DNS) IP address (it can be automatically
    assigned from ISP or be set fixed).

    PPPoE LLC

    VPI/VCI, Service Name, Username, Password, and Domain
    Name System (DNS) IP address (it can be automatically
    assigned from ISP or be set fixed).

    PPPoE None

    VPI/VCI, Service Name, Username, Password, and Domain
    Name System (DNS) IP address (it can be automatically
    assigned from ISP or be set fixed).

    PPPoA VC-Mux

    VPI/VCI, Username, Password, and Domain Name System
    (DNS) IP address (it can be automatically assigned from
    ISP or be set fixed).

    PPPoA LLC

    VPI/VCI, Username, Password, and Domain Name System
    (DNS) IP address (it can be automatically assigned from
    ISP or be set fixed).

    1483 Bridged IP LLC

    VPI/VCI

    1483 Bridged IP VC-

    VPI/VCI

    Mux
    1483 Routed IP LLC

    VPI/VCI, IP address, Subnet mask, Gateway address, and
    Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it is fixed IP
    address).

    1483 Routed IP VC-

    VPI/VCI, IP address, Subnet mask, Gateway address, and

    Mux

    Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it is fixed IP
    address).

    Classical IP over ATM

    VPI/VCI, IP address, Subnet mask, Gateway address, and
    Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it is fixed IP
    address).

    32Please, visit www.sitecom.com for productregistration



  • Page 35

    5.4 Configuring with Web Browser
    The ADSL Homestation can be configured with your Web browser.
    Open the web browser, enter the IP address of the ADSL Router, which default is
    192.168.1.254, click enter.

    You’ll see the log-in windows. Type your username and password.
    The default User Name is admin (or user if you log-on in user level), the default password
    is password. Click ‘OK’

    33



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    DC-214/216 ADSL Homestation

    5.5 Status
    5.5.1 Homepage
    This screen contains information of the software version of your device and some settings,
    such as IP Address, Subnet Mask, and MAC Address of the WAN and LAN connections.

    Firmware Version: This field displays the firmware version
    number.
    Customer Software Version: This field displays the customer’s own firmware version
    number and it is based on revision.txt.
    WAN: These fields display the IP address, Subnet Mask and MAC address for the WAN
    (ADSL) interface.
    LAN: These fields display the IP address, Subnet Mask and MAC address for the LAN
    interface.
    Total Number of LAN Interfaces: This field displays the total number of available
    interfaces for the LAN interface.
    Number of Ethernet Devices Connected to the DHCP Server: These fields display the
    DHCP client table with the assigned IP addresses and MAC addresses.

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  • Page 37

    5.5.2 Status – ADSL Status
    Displays the status of your ADSL connection. It will refresh every two seconds.

    Showtime Firmware Version: This field displays the Conexant ADSL data pump
    firmware version number.
    ADSL Line Status: This field displays the ADSL connection process and status.
    ADSL Modulation: This field displays the ADSL modulation status for G.dmt or
    T1.413.
    ADSL Annex Mode: This field displays the ADSL annex modes for Annex A or
    Annex B.
    ADSL Startup Attempts: This field displays the ADSL connection attempts after loss of
    showtime.
    ADSL Max Tx Power: This field displays the transmit output power level of the CPE.
    ADSL CO Vendor: This field displays the Central Office DSLAM vendor name, if
    available.
    Elapsed Time: This field displays the time of the homestation has been in operation.
    SNR Margin: Amount of increased noise that can be tolerated while maintaining the
    designed BER (bit error rate). The SNR Margin is set by Central Office DSLAM. If the
    SNR Margin is increased, bit error rate performance will improve, but the data rate will
    decrease. Conversely, if the SNR Margin is decreased, bit error rate performance will
    decrease, but the data rate will increase.
    Line Attenuation: Attenuation is the decrease in magnitude of the ADSL line signal
    between the transmitter (Central Office DSLAM) and the receiver (Client ADSL
    Homestation), measured in dB. It is measured by calculating the difference in dB between
    the
    signal power level received at the Client ADSL homestation and the reference signal power
    level transmitted from the Central Office DSLAM.
    Errored Seconds: The error during Showtime, whenever, a given sec contains CRC
    error, that second will be declared error second.
    Loss of Signal: This field displays the count of event of ADSL signal loss.
    Loss of Frame: This field displays the count of event of ADSL frame loss.
    CRC Errors: This field displays the number of transmit data frames containing CRC
    errors.
    Data Rate: This field displays the ADSL data rate.
    Latency: This field displays the latency modes for fast or interleave.

    35



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    5.5.3 Status – LAN
    Displays the status of your Local Area Network (LAN) connection.

    LAN: These fields display the IP address, Subnet Mask and MAC address for the LAN
    interface.
    Total Number of LAN Interfaces: This field displays the total number of available
    interfaces for the LAN interface.
    Number of Ethernet Devices Connected to the DHCP Server: These fields display the
    DHCP client table with the assigned IP addresses and MAC addresses.
    Ethernet Link Status: This field displays the link up or down for the Ethernet.
    USB Link Status: This field displays the link up or down for the USB.

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    5.6 Configuration
    5.6.1 WAN Configuration
    This screen contains settings for the WAN interface. (In most cases you won’t have to
    configure manually. The configuration Utility from Chapter 4 takes care of all these settings)

    System Wide Settings
    Default Gateway: Enter the gateway address provided by your ISP.

    Per VC Settings
    There are eight Virtual Circuits (VC) to set, VC 0 to VC 7. Before you make the settings,
    please scroll down to the bottom of the page and select the item of Virtual Circuit you
    want to configure. Then, press the Submit button.

    Enabled? : Select Yes if you want to enable the settings of this VC or select No if you want
    to disable the settings of this VC.
    VPI: Consult the ISP to get the Virtual Path Identifier (VPI) number. The default value is 0.
    VCI: Consult the ISP to get the Virtual Channel Identifier (VCI) number. The default value
    is 32.
    Static IP Address: Enter the information provided by your ISP.
    Subnet Mask: Enter the information provided by your ISP.

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    MAC SPOOFING
    The MAC Spoofing is developed to solve the scenario when the ISP only recognizes one
    MAC address. Copy the ISP-recognized MAC address here.
    ATM
    Service Category: Select UBR or CBR.
    Bandwidth: Enter the bandwidth.
    ENCAPSULATION
    There are eleven connection protocols: PPPoE VC-Mux, PPPoE LLC, PPPoE None, PPPoA VCMux, PPPoA LLC, 1483 Bridged IP VC-Mux, 1483 Bridged IP LLC, 1483 Routed IP VC-Mux,
    1483 Routed IP LLC, Classical IP over ATM, Native ATM
    Check with your ISP which protocol is used.
    BRIDGE
    If you set this device to be bridge mode, select Enable; if not, please select Disable.
    IGMP
    You can Enable or Disable this function.
    PPP
    If your encapsulation is set to be PPPoE or PPPoA, the following fields must be entered.
    Service Name: This item is for identification purpose. If it is required, your ISP will provide
    you the information. Maximum input is 31 alphanumeric characters.
    Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP.
    Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP.
    Disconnect Timeout
    seconds: Auto-disconnect the ADSL Router when there is no
    activity on the line for a predetermined period of time. You can input any number from 0 to
    32767. The default value is 0 seconds.
    MRU: Maximum Receive Unit indicates the peer of PPP connection the maximum size
    of the PPP information field this device can be received. The default value is 1492 and is
    used in the beginning of the PPP negotiation. In the normal negotiation, the peer will
    accept this MRU and will not send packet with information field larger than this value.
    MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit indicates the network stack of any packet is larger
    than this value will be fragmented before the transmission. During the PPP negotiation,
    the peer of the PPP connection will indicates its MRU and will be accepted. The actual
    MTU of the PPP connection will be set to the smaller one of MTU and the peer’s MRU.
    The default is value 1492.
    MSS: Maximum Segment Size is the largest size of data that TCP will send in a single IP
    packet. When a connection is established between a LAN client and a host in the WAN
    side, the LAN client and the WAN host will indicate their MSS during the TCP
    connection handshake. The default value is 1432.
    Authentication: When AUTO option is chosen, the PAP mode will run first then CHAP.

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    Automatic Reconnect: Check to enable this device to automatically re-establish the
    connection when disconnected by ISP.
    DHCP
    DHCP client enable: Check to enable the DHCP client function if you want the device to
    get an IP address automatically from your ISP.
    Host Name: Enter the name of your work group.

    All settings need to be saved and the device needs to be rebooted
    before the changes to take effect.

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    5.6.2 LAN Configuration
    This screen contains settings for LAN interface.

    IP Address: Default at 192.168.1.254.
    This is the device IP address in LAN site. If you plan to change it to another IP address to a
    different range of IP subnet. Please make sure your PC is also located at the same IP subnet.
    Otherwise, you may not be able to access the ADSL Router.
    Subnet Mask: Default at 255.255.255.0.
    DHCP Server
    Check to enable the ADSL Router to distribute IP Addresses, subnet mask and DNS setting
    to computers. If you do not check to disable the ADSL Router to distribute IP addresses to
    the local network, remember to specify a static IP address, subnet mask, and DNS setting
    for each of your local computers. Be careful not to assign the same IP address to different
    computers.
    If there is already a DHCP server on your LAN, you should disable the router’s
    DHCP server function in order to avoid possible conflicts.

    DHCP address pool selection: Select System Allocated if you want the device to
    allocate the local IP network address pool automatically. Select User Defined if you would
    like to set your own IP addresses for distribution to PCs, and then enter your settings below.
    User Defined Start Address: Enter the starting address of this local IP network address
    pool. The pool is a piece of continuous IP address segment. The default value is
    192.168.1.100.
    User Defined End Address: Enter the end address of this local IP network address pool.
    The default value is 192.168.1.199.
    The local PC will get an IP address in this range, from 192.168.1.100 to 192.168.1.199.

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    Lease Time: Set the lease time you required. Lease time is the periode the Local PC will
    obtain the IP address it received from the DHCP server. After this periode the local PC will
    request a new IP from the DHCP server. If all fields are 0, the allocated IP addresses will be
    effective forever.
    DHCP Gateway Selection: The default setting for the DHCP Gateway Selection is
    “Automatic”. The user can select the “User Defined” to specify “User Defined Gateway
    Address”. The DHCP server will issue the “User Defined Gateway Address” to the LAN DHCP
    clients.
    User Mode: Under the Single User mode, the DHCP server only allocates one IP address
    to local PC. Under the Multiple User mode, the DHCP server allocates the IP addresses
    specified bye the DHCP address pool.
    Ethernet Mode Setting
    Click this hyperlink to set the Ethernet mode of your LAN: Auto Sense, 100 Full, 100
    Half, 10 Full, and 10 Half.

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    5.6.3 NAT Configuration

    The NAT Configuration page allows the user to set the configuration for the Network
    Address Translation. NAT feature allows multiple users to access Internet through a single
    IP account, sharing the single IP address from ISP.
    The default setting is Dynamic NAPT. It provides dynamic Network Address Translation
    capability between LAN and multiple WAN connections, and the LAN traffic is routed to
    appropriate WAN connections based on the destination IP addresses and Route Table. This
    eliminates the need for the static NAT session configuration between multiple LAN clients
    and multiple WAN connections. When the Dynamic NAPT is chosen, there is no need to
    configure the NAT Session and NAT Session Name Configuration.
    The NAT option only maps single WAN IP address to the local PC IP address. It is peer topeer mapping. (1x1) For each WAN interface, only one local PC IP address can be
    associated with each WAN interface. Click the link Session Name Configuration to add
    the session name for WAN interface.
    The NAPT option maps the single WAN IP addresses to many local PCs IP addresses.
    (1xN). It is the multiple-mapping mechanism. For each WAN Interface, more than one
    local PCs can be associated with one WAN Interface. Click the link Session Name
    Configuration to add the session name for WAN interface.

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    Session Name: This field allows the user to enter his/her own session Name to
    distinguish different NAT session for different interfaces among different PPP sessions
    and different PVCs.
    Interface: This field allows the user to choose specific WAN Interface (PVC or PPP
    Session) for NAT Session.
    NAT Session Name Status: This table displays at the bottom of this page to show all
    the NAT Session Names with its WAN Interface.
    Number of NAT Configurations: This filed displays the total number of NAT Sessions
    Name is entered.
    Click the link Go back to NAT Configuration to the NAT configuration page. Select
    the NAT option. Select the Session Name and assign the PC IP address, and choose the
    Add action. Click the Submit button and go to the Save Settings to save this
    configuration.
    NAT allows only one entry (User IP) per session.
    NAPT allows many entries (User IPs) per session.
    Session Name: This field allows the user to select the session from the configured NAT
    Session Name Configuration.
    User’s IP: This filed allows the user to assign the IP address to map the corresponding
    NAT/NAPT sessions.
    Session Name Status will be displayed at the middle of this page to show the
    corresponding Session Name with its IP address.
    Number of NAT Configurations: This filed displays the total number of NAT Sessions
    is entered.
    Available Sessions Status will be displayed at the end of this page to show all the
    Session Names with its WAN Interface.
    Number of Session: This filed displays the total number of NAT Sessions Name is
    entered.

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    5.6.4 Virtual Server Configuration

    Being a natural Internet firewall, the ADSL Router protects your network from being
    accessed by outside users. When it needs to allow outside users to access internal servers,
    e.g. Web server, FTP server, E-mail server or News server, this product can act as a virtual
    server. You can set up a local server with specific port numbers that stands for the service,
    e.g. Web (80), FTP (21), Telnet (23), SMTP (25), POP3 (110), DNS (53), ECHO (7), NNTP
    (119). When an incoming access request to the router for specified port is received, it will
    be forwarded to the corresponding internal server.
    For example, if you set the Public Port number 21 (FTP) to be mapped to the IP Address
    192.168.1.100, then all the ftp requests from outside users will be forwarded to the local
    server with IP address of 192.168.1.100.

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    Public Port: Enter the public port number you want to configure.
    Private Port: Enter the private port number you want to configure. In most cases, the
    private port number is same as public port number.
    Port Type: Select TCP if you want to scope for the connection-based application service on
    the remote server using the port number. Or select UDP if you want to scope for the
    connectionless application service on the remote server using the port number.
    Host IP Address: Enter the IP address of certain internal server to which requests from
    the specified port is forwarded.
    If the DHCP server option is enabled, you have to be very careful in assigning the
    IP addresses of the virtual servers in order to avoid conflicts. The easy way is that
    the IP address assigned to each virtual server should not fall into the range of IP
    addresses that are to be issued by the DHCP server. You configure the virtual
    server IP address manually, but it is still in the same subnet with the router.

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    5.6.5 Bridge Filtering Configuration
    The Bridge Filtering configuration page allows the user to set the configuration of IP
    filtering.

    Enable Bridge Filtering: Check Yes to enable this function or check No to disable.
    Source MAC: When the bridge filtering is enabled, enter the Source MAC address,
    select Block and click Add. Then all incoming WAN and LAN Ethernet packets matched
    with this source MAC address will be filtered out. If the Forward is selected, then the
    packets will be forwarded to the destination PC.
    Destination MAC: When the bridge filtering is enabled, enter the Destination MAC
    address, select Block and click Add. Then all incoming WAN and LAN Ethernet
    packets matched with this destination MAC address will be filtered out. If the Forward
    is selected, then the packets will be forwarded to the destination PC.
    Type: Enter the hexadecimal number for the Ethernet type field in Ethernet_II packets.
    For example, 0800 is for IP protocol.

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    5.6.6 DNS Configuration
    The DNS Configuration page allows the user to set the configuration of DNS proxy.
    The firmware supports the DNS proxy function. For the DHCP requests from
    local PCs, the DHCP server will set the LAN port IP as the default DNS server. Thus, all
    DNS query messages will come into LAN port first. The DNS proxy on the ADSL
    homestation recorded the available DNS servers, and forward DNS query messages to one
    of
    DNS server.

    Disable DNS Proxy: The LAN port does not process the DNS query message. For the
    DHCP requests from local PCs, the DHCP server will set the user-configured preferred
    DNS sever or alternate DNS server whichever is available as the DNS server. Then all
    DNS query messages will be directly sent to the DNS servers.
    Use Auto Discovered DNS Servers Only: The DNS proxy will store the DNS server IP
    addresses obtained from DHCP client or PPP into the table. And all DNS query messages
    will be sent to one of the dynamically obtained DNS servers.
    Use User Configured DNS Servers Only: The DNS proxy will use the user-configured
    preferred DNS server and alternate DNS server. And all DNS query message will be sent
    to one of DNS servers. Enter the DNS IP in the Preferred DNS Server and Alternate DNS
    Server fields.
    Auto Discovery + User Configured: The DNS proxy’s table has all the IP addresses of
    dynamically obtained and user configured DNS servers.

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    5.6.7 Save Settings

    Click the Submit button to write settings to flash. Then, the system will reboot for changes
    to take effect.

    5.7 Administration
    5.7.1 WAN Status

    Each VC setting you enabled in the WAN Configuration section except those which use
    PPP encapsulation will be displayed in this table.

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    5.7.2 ATM Status
    Display the status of ATM. (statistics between homestation and telephone central) This
    screen will automatically refresh every two seconds.

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    5.7.3 TCP Status
    Display the status of TCP. (networking statistics) This screen will automatically refresh
    every two seconds.

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    5.7.4 Route Table
    The Route Table page displays routing table and allows the user to manually enter the
    routing entry. The routing table will display the routing status of Destination, Netmask,
    Gateway, and Interface. The interface br0 means the USB interface; lo0 means the
    loopback interface; and ppp1 means the PPP interface. The Gateway is the learned
    Gateway

    New Enhancement for Routing Table
    • The Gateway field of the static route entry allows users to either enter a Gateway IP
    address or select a Network Interface.
    • All user-defined routes retained in the CPE memory, regardless if they are already in the
    Routing Table, are displayed on the same Route Table page.
    • All user defined route entries kept in the CPE memory during run time are saved to flash
    when the user chooses to save and reboot the CPE. When CPE restarts, it reloads all
    saved user-defined routes to the CPE memory and tries to apply to the system.
    • A user-defined route entry is added to the Routing Table whenever the system provides
    an environment that makes the route entry applicable. It is removed from the Routing
    Table whenever the route entry becomes not applicable. e.g. If the route entry’s Gateway
    is associated with a dynamic Network Interface but the connection is not established, then
    the route entry does not appear in the Routing Table. When that interface comes up later,
    the route entry is then added.
    • If the selected Network Interface is static or is dynamic and the connection is already up,
    then the route entry appears in the Routing Table immediately. If there is a Gateway
    associated with the selected Network Interface, then that Gateway’s IP address appears in
    the Gateway field of the route entry
    • If the selected Network Interface is dynamic but the connection is not established, then
    the route entry does not appear in the Routing Table. When the interface comes up later,
    the route entry is then added.

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    System Default Gateway Configuration
    The system-wide Default Gateway now provides three options: Auto, User-selected
    Network Interface, and None.
    None: This field allows the user to choose to have no Default Gateway in the CPE
    Auto: This field allows the user to select the CPE to automatically decide the Default
    Gateway. (System Default)
    User-selected Network Interface: This field allows user to select a Network Interface
    from a list (PVCs, PPP Sessions, USB and LAN). This option lets the user to associate
    the system-wide Default Gateway to a Network Interface, static or dynamic, and provides
    a way to fix the Default Gateway to a dynamic Network Interface before the interface is
    established.

    Route Configuration
    Destination: This field allows the user to enter the remote network or host IP address for
    the static routing.
    Netmask: This field allows the user to enter the Subnet Mask for the static routing.
    Gateway: This field allows the user to enter the IP address of the gateway device that
    allows the router to contact the remote network or the host for Specified IP or select an
    Interface for the Gateway.
    Manually Configured Routes: This field displays the static route entries entered by the
    user

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    5.7.5 Learned ( Bridge ) MAC Table

    Aging Timeout: Enter the time period for the router to memorize MAC addresses.

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    5.7.6 ADSL Configuration

    Trellis: Default at Enabled.
    Handshake Protocol: Default at Autosense – G.dmt first. You can also choose other
    protocols, such as Autosense – T1.413 first, G.dmt/G.lite, T1.413, G.dmt, G.lite.
    Wiring Selection: Default at Tip/Ring. Select Auto or A/A1 if necessary.
    Bit Swapping: This field allows the user to enable or disable the upstream bit swapping.

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    5.7.7 RIP Configuration
    The Routing Information Protocol, enables routers to broadcast and receive information to
    and from other routers about which routers it’s connected and the steps it requires to get
    there. A router will changes it’s routing table if it receives information it could reach a
    specific router faster.

    RIP: This field allows the user to Enable or Disable the RIP session. The resulting RIP
    session will monitor all network interfaces that are currently available for messages from
    other RIP routers.
    Supplier Interval: This field allows the user to enter the Supplier Interval timer in
    second. This timer specifies how often RIP sends announcements as a RIP Supplier.
    (Default = 30 seconds)
    Expire Timeout: This field allows the user to enter the Expire timer in second. This
    timer specifies the expiration time of a route. When a route has not been updated for
    more than “expire” period of time, it is removed from the Route Table. This route is
    invalidated and remains in the internal RIP Route Table. It will be included in the RIP
    announcements to let other routers know the changes. (Default = 180 seconds)
    Garbage Timeout: This field allows the user to enter the Garbage timer in second. This
    timer specifies how long the expired and invalidated routes are kept in the Internal RIP
    Route Table before it is removed from it. (Default = 300 seconds)

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    The RIP Per Interface Configuration page allows the user to set the configuration for
    each Interface (PVCs, PPP Sessions, USB and LAN).
    Interface: This field allows the user to choose the Interface (PVCs, PPP Sessions, USB
    and LAN), for the RIP to be configured.
    Enable: This field allows the user to Enable (Yes) or Disable (No) the specified
    interface for RIP.
    Supplier: This field allows the user to select the Supplier Mode (RIP Transmit).
    • Disabled: The supplier transmit is disabled.
    • V1 BC: The supplier transmits in RIPv1 Broadcast.
    • V2 BC: The supplier transmits in RIPv2 Broadcast.
    • V2 MC: The supplier transmits in RIPv2 Multicast.
    Listener: This field allows the user to select the Listener Mode (RIP Receive)
    • V1: The listener receives the RIPv1 only.
    • V2: The listener receives the RIPv2 only.
    • V1+V2: This listener receives the both RIPv1 and RIPv2.
    Supplier and Listener are based on section 4.1 “Compatibility Switch” in RFC 1723.
    Current RIP Settings: This field displays the each interface’s RIP status.

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    5.7.8 Password Configuration

    In factory setting, the default password for administrator is password, and that for user is
    also password. You can change the default password to ensure that someone cannot adjust
    your settings without your permission. Every time you change your password, please record
    the password and keep it at a safe place.
    Please note that the minimum input for password is 8 alphanumeric characters. Since it is
    case sensitive, be sure that you remember whether a letter is in upper or lower case and
    make sure that your Caps Lock is off. Moreover, please do not use the sign “&” in the
    passwords.

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    5.7.9 Miscellaneous Configuration

    HTTP Server Access: This field allows the user to configure the Web pages can be
    accessed from WAN
    All: When this field is checked, it allows both WAN and LAN access to the Web pages.
    Restricted LAN: This field allows the Web pages access from LAN side.
    Restricted WAN Specified IP & Subnet Mask: This field allows the Web access from
    WAN side with a specify IP and subnet mask.
    HTTP Server Port: This field allows the user to specify the port of the Web access. .
    For example, when it is changed to 1001, the HTTP server address for the LAN side is
    http://192.168.1.254:1001.
    FTP server: This field allows the user to enable or disable the FTP connection.
    TFTP server: This field allows the user to enable or disable the TFTP connection.
    DMZ: A DMZ (De-Militarized Zone) is added between a protected network and an
    external network, in order to provide an additional layer of security. When there is a
    suspected packet coming from WAN, the firewall will forward this packet to the DMZ
    host.
    DMZ Host IP: The IP address of the DMZ host at LAN side.
    DHCP Relay: If it is enabled, the DHCP requests from local PCs will forward to the
    DHCP server runs on WAN side. To have this function working properly, please disable
    the NAT to run on router mode only, disable the DHCP server on the LAN port, and
    make sure the routing table has the correct routing entry.
    DHCP Target IP: The DHCP server runs on WAN side.
    IGMP Proxy: Here is the global setting for IGMP Proxy. If it is enabled, then the
    enabled IGMP Proxy on WAN PVCs will be working. Otherwise, no WAN PVC can
    have IGMP Proxy working on it.
    PPP connect on WAN access: If it is enabled, the PPP session will be automatically
    established when there is a packet wants to go out the WAN.
    PPP Half Bridge: When the PPP Half Bridge is enabled, only one PC is able to access
    the Internet, and the DHCP server will duplicate the WAN IP address from the ISP to the
    local client PC. Only the PC with the WAN IP address can access the Internet.

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    5.7.10 Reset to Factory Default

    With the submit button, the router will be reset to it’s default settings, described in chapter
    5.1. Be carefull, all your settings will be lost.

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    5.7.11 Diagnostic Test
    As soon as you enter the test program, all tests will run automatically to diagnose the
    connection status of the device.

    Checking LAN Connection
    Testing Ethernet LAN connection
    This test passes if the Ethernet LAN interface is working properly.
    Checking ADSL Connection
    Testing ADSL Synchronization
    This test checks your DSL homestation to see if it can successfully negotiate and establish a
    DSL connection with your service provider's central office equipments. The test returns
    PASS if a DSL connection is established.
    If this test returns FAIL, please try the test again a few minutes after this test is
    completed. Since your DSL homestation need a couple of seconds to a few minutes to
    establish the DSL connection depending on your phone line quality. If this test returns FAIL,
    make sure your phone line is connected to your DSL homestation securely, and also check
    with your service provider to see if your service is activated.
    If this test returns FAIL, all other tests will be skipped.

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    Checking Circuit 0 for Network Connection
    Test ATM OAM Segment Loop Back
    This test sends ATM OAM F5 Segment loop back request cells to the central office
    equipments through your DSL connection. This test will pass if response cell is received.
    Since your service provider might not support this test, your DSL homestation could still
    work even if this test fails.
    If this test fails consistently and your DSL homestation seems not working, check to make
    sure the VPI and VCI are configured correctly.
    This test returns FAIL if the DSL synchronization test failed.
    Test ATM OAM End-to-End Loop Back
    This test sends ATM OAM F5 End-to-End loop back request cells to the central office
    equipments through your DSL connection. This test returns PASS if response cell is received.
    Since your service provider might not support this test, your DSL homestation could still
    work even if this test fails.
    If this test return FAIL consistently and your DSL homestation seems not working, check to
    make sure the VPI and VCI are configured correctly.
    This test returns SKIPPED if the DSL synchronization test failed.
    Test Ethernet connect to ATM
    This test returns PASS if the ATM AAL5 module is loaded correctly in your DSL homestation.
    If this test returns FAIL, an internal error has occurred.
    This test returns SKIPPED if the DSL synchronization does not return PASS.
    Test PPPoE connection
    This test returns PASS if your login name and password have passed authentication with
    your service provider.
    If this test returns FAIL, run this test again a few minutes after this test is completed,
    especially if your PPP connection has just been improperly disconnected. If this test
    consistently fails, first make sure your login name and password are correct. Remember
    that login name and password are case sensitive.
    This test returns SKIPPED if “PPPOE connect to Ethernet” test does not return PASS and
    your DSL homestation is configured as PPPOE encapsulation.
    This test also returns SKIPPED if “Ethernet connect to AAL5” test does not return PASS and
    your DSL homestation is configured as PPPOA encapsulation.

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    Test PPP Layer connection
    This test returns PASS if your DSL homestation has been assigned a valid IP address by
    your service provider through DHCP or your DSL homestation is assigned a valid IP address
    statically.
    If this test returns FAIL, run this test again a few minutes after this test is completed. If
    this test returns FAIL consistently and DHCP client is turned on in your DSL homestation,
    check with your service provider. If this test returns FAIL consistently and your DSL
    homestation is statically assigned an IP address, make sure the IP address is the correct
    one assigned by your service provider.
    This test returns SKIPPED if “Ethernet connect to AAL5” test does not return PASS.
    Test IP connect to PPP
    This test returns PASS if your DSL homestation has been assigned a valid IP address by
    your service provider through DHCP or your DSL homestation is assigned a valid IP address
    statically.
    If this test returns FAIL, run this test again a few minutes after this test is completed. If
    this test returns FAIL consistently and DHCP client is turned on in your DSL homestation,
    check with your service provider. If this test returns FAIL consistently and your DSL
    homestation is statically assigned an IP address, make sure the IP address is the correct
    one assigned by your service provider.
    This test returns SKIPPED if “Ethernet connect to AAL5” test does not return PASS.
    Test IP connect to Ethernet
    This test returns PASS if the gateway can be reached through ping request. The gateway is
    assigned by your service provider, or obtained from your service provider by PPP
    negotiation or DHCP negotiation.
    If this test returns FAIL, run this test again a few minutes after this test is completed. If this
    test returns FAIL consistently and your DSL homestation seems not working, check to make
    sure your statically assigned IP address is configured correctly or DHCP client is turned on
    with the current VC.
    This test returns SKIPPED if "IP connect to PPP" or "IP connect to Ethernet" test does not
    return PASS.

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    5.7.12 Firmware Update

    To upgrade the firmware of the ADSL Router, you should download or copy the firmware to
    your local environment first. Press the “Browse…” button to specify the path of the
    firmware file. Then, click “Upload” to start upgrading. When the procedure is completed,
    please reboot the device to make the new firmware work.

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    5.7.13 Network Code Image Update
    The Network Code Image Update page allows the user to upgrade the image code from
    a remote FTP server.

    5.7.14 System Log

    Display the system logs cumulated till the present time. You can trace the historical
    information through this function. It refreshes every five seconds.

    64Please, visit www.sitecom.com for productregistration



  • Page 67

    6. Trouble shooting
    If the ADSL Router is not functioning properly, you can refer first to this chapter for simple
    troubleshooting before contacting your service provider. This could save your time and effort but
    if the symptoms persist, then consult your service provider.

    6.1 Problems Starting Up the ADSL Router
    Problem
    None of the LEDs are
    on when you turn on
    the ADSL Router.

    Corrective Action
    Check the connection between the adapter and the ADSL
    Router. If the error persists, you may have a hardware
    problem. In this case, you should contact technical
    support.

    6.2 Problems with the WAN Interface
    Problem
    Initialization of the
    PVC connection failed.

    Corrective Action
    Ensure that the cable is connected properly from the ADSL
    port to the wall jack. The ADSL SYN LED on the front
    panel of the ADSL Router should be on. Check that your
    VPI, VCI, type of encapsulation and type of multiplexing
    settings are the same as what you collected from your
    telephone company and ISP.
    Reboot the ADSL Router. If you still have problems, you
    may need to verify these variables with the telephone
    company and/or ISP.

    6.3 Problems with the LAN Interface
    Problem
    Can’t ping any station
    on the LAN.

    Corrective Action
    Check the LAN LNK LED on the front panel. The LED
    should be on for a port that has a station connected. If it
    is off, check the cables between your ADSL Router and the
    station.
    Verify that the IP address and the subnet mask are
    consistent between the ADSL Router and the workstations.

    6.4 Problems Connecting to a Remote Node or ISP
    Problem
    Can’t connect to ISP.

    Corrective Action
    Check section 3.4.12 “Admin Privilege – PPP status”
    to verify the line status.

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    7. Specifications

    Protocols

    IP, NAT, NAPT, PPPoE, PPPoA, IPoA, DHCP, ICMP, IGMP, PAP,
    CHAP

    LAN Port

    RJ-45, 1 port 10/100Base-T

    WAN Port

    RJ-11, 1 ADSL port to external DSL/Cable Homestation, or
    other network equipment

    USB Port

    1.1 slave interface

    LED Indicators

    SYS, ADSL RD, ADSL TD, ADSL SYN, LAN LNK, LAN ACT, PWR

    Input Power

    12V DC @1A

    Physical Dimension

    181 x 122 x 41 mm3 (L x W x H)

    Weight

    300g

    Operating Temperature

    0 oC to 45 oC

    Storage Temperature

    -10 oC to 70 oC

    Relative Humidity

    5% to 95% non-condensing

    66Please, visit www.sitecom.com for productregistration






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