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  • Page 1

    Geavanceerde
    gebruikershandleiding
    internet
    Technicolor TC7210



  • Page 2



  • Page 3

    Welkom bij Internet
    van Ziggo
    Van harte welkom bij Internet van Ziggo. Met deze geavanceerde handleiding
    kunt u de instellingen wijzigen van uw Wi-Fi modem.

    Let op!
    Het aanpassen van de geavanceerde instellingen is op eigen risico. Ziggo heeft
    uw Wi-Fi modem standaard zo ingesteld dat het Wi-Fi modem goed werkt bij
    normaal gebruik. Mocht het Wi-Fi modem niet goed werken nadat u de
    geavanceerde instellingen gewijzigd heeft, dan adviseren wij u de
    standaardinstellingen te herstellen. Dit kan via de basisinstellingen of via een
    hard reset (zie de Gebruikershandleiding Internet). De reguliere Ziggo helpdesk
    kan u niet adviseren over de geavanceerde instellingen.
    Veel plezier met Internet van Ziggo!
    Opmerkingen over de installatie en het gebruik van Internet van Ziggo
    Internet van Ziggo is bedoeld voor persoonlijk gebruik. Het gebruik en de
    installatie van Internet van Ziggo zijn gebonden aan de Algemene
    Basisvoorwaarden Ziggo en de Aanvullende Voorwaarden Ziggo Internet. De
    meest recente versies kunt u vinden op: www.ziggo.nl/voorwaarden.

    Handleiding Internet van Ziggo

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  • Page 4

    Inhoudsopgave
    1. Internet van Ziggo

    5

    1.1 Symbolen

    5

    2. Inloggen op de
    gebruikersomgeving

    6

    2.1 Geavanceerde instellingen

    6

    3. Connections and
    setup 9
    3.1 Wireless Voice Gateway
    Overview
    3.2 Relationship amoung the
    devices
    3.3 Connecting the Wireless
    Voice Gateway to a Single
    Computer

    14

    4. Web configuration

    19

    4.1 Accessing the Web
    Configuration
    4.2 Gateway
    – Status Web Page Group
    4.3 Gateway
    – Network Web Page Group
    4.4 Gateway – Advanced
    Web Page Group
    4.5 Gateway –
    Firewall Web Page Group
    4.6 Gateway – Parental Control
    Web Page Group
    4.7 Gateway – Wireless Web
    Page Group

    Handleiding Internet van Ziggo

    9

    16

    4.8 Gateway – USB Web Page
    Group
    4.9 VoIP – Basic Web Page
    Group

    5. Networking
    5.1
    5.2
    5.3
    5.4
    5.5
    5.6
    5.7

    Communications
    Type of communication
    Cable Modem (CM) Section
    Networking Section
    Three Networking Modes
    Cable Modem (CM) Mode
    Residential Gateway (RG)
    Mode

    73
    78

    82
    82
    82
    83
    83
    84
    85
    86

    6. Frequently asked
    questions

    88

    7. Troubleshooting

    90

    8. Glossary

    92

    19
    22
    30
    38
    49
    53
    54

    4



  • Page 5

    1. Internet van Ziggo
    Deze handleiding leidt u stap voor stap door de geavanceerde instellingen van
    Internet van Ziggo. Wij adviseren u om deze handleiding op uw computer op te
    slaan in verband met het eventueel wegvallen van de internetverbinding.
    Heeft u hulp nodig? Stel uw vraag aan onze Online Assistent op
    www.ziggo.nl/klantenservice of bekijk het portal op
    www.ziggo.nl/WiFimodem.
    De afbeeldingen in deze handleiding kunnen afwijken van de werkelijkheid.

    1.1

    Symbolen

    In deze handleiding komt u de volgende symbolen tegen:

    Let op!
    ... geeft u extra uitleg over mogelijkheden of situaties.

    Tip!
    ... geeft u handige informatie over de toepassing van een functie.

    Handleiding Internet van Ziggo

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  • Page 6

    2. Inloggen op de
    gebruikersomgeving
    In de gebruikersomgeving kunt u geavanceerde instellingen van uw Wi-Fi
    modem wijzigen. Om op de gebruikersomgeving in te loggen volgt u de
    volgende stappen:
    1. Open een internet browser op uw PC.
    2. Typ het adres http://192.168.178.1 in de adresbalk en druk op Enter. Het
    login venster waarin wordt gevraagd om een gebruikersnaam en
    wachtwoord verschijnt.

    3. Voer uw gebruikersnaam en wachtwoord in en klik op Inloggen. Standaard
    is de gebruikersnaam ziggo en het wachtwoord draadloos.

    2.1

    Geavanceerde instellingen

    Na het inloggen verschijnt de startpagina van de gebruikersomgeving. Op deze
    startpagina staat basisinformatie van uw Wi-Fi modem weergegeven. De uitleg
    over de basisinformatie vindt u in de Gebruikershandleiding Internet.
    Via de knop Geavanceerde instellingen kunt u geavanceerde instellingen
    wijzigen.

    Handleiding Internet van Ziggo

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  • Page 7

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  • Page 8

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  • Page 9

    3. Connections and
    setup
    3.1

    Wireless Voice Gateway Overview

    3.1.1

    Front panel

    The following illustration shows the front panel:

    figure 1: Front panel

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  • Page 10

    LED

    Description

    POWER

    Indicates the Power status.

    DS

    Indicates the status of Data reception by the cable
    modem from the Network (Downstream
    Traffic).

    US

    Indicates the status of Data transmission by the cable
    modem to the Network (Upstream
    Traffic).

    ONLINE

    Displays the status of your cable connection. The light
    is off when no cable connection is
    detected and fully lit when the modem has established
    a connection with the network and
    data can be transferred.

    LAN 1 t/m 4

    Indicates the state of Ethernet ports.

    USB

    Indicates the state of USB host connect.

    Wi-Fi

    Indicates the traffic on the wireless network.

    TEL1-2

    Indicates the status of the telephone Phone 1 and
    Phone 2.

    LED
    The lights on the front panel LEDs are described in the table below (from left to
    right): ON = the LED is light, OFF = the LED is gray, FLASH = the LED is blinking.

    Handleiding Internet van Ziggo

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  • Page 11

    TC7210

    Power Internet
    DS

    US

    Online 1

    2

    3

    4

    Boot-up
    Operation

    ON

    ON

    ON

    ON

    ON

    ON

    ON

    ON

    0.25 SECOND

    ON

    FLASH FLASH FLASH X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    ON

    ON

    LAN

    ON

    ON

    USB

    Wireless

    TEL 1

    TEL 2

    Description

    ON

    X

    ON

    ON

    Power on .025 sec

    X

    X

    X

    From power ON to system
    initialization complete

    X

    ON

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    Following system
    initialization complete to
    (before) DS scanning

    OFF

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    During DS scanning and
    acquiring SYNC

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    From SYNC completed,
    receiving UCD to ranging
    completed

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    During DHCP, configuration
    file download, registration,
    and Baseline Privacy
    initialization: DHCP status: 1
    second ON and 1 second
    OFF, TFTP status: 0.25
    second ON and 0.25 second
    OFF

    1 SECOND
    DOCSIS
    Start-up
    Operation

    Channel
    Bonding
    Operation

    MTA
    Operation

    ON

    FLASH OFF

    ON

    ON

    FLASH OFF

    ON

    ON

    ON

    FLASH X

    ON

    ON

    ON

    ON

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    Operational (NACO=ON)

    ON

    FLASH FLASH OFF

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    Operational (NACO=OFF)

    FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    Wait registration with all DS
    and all US – Lights Flash
    sequentially from the right to
    left Minimum duration 3
    seconds

    X

    X

    X

    X

    OFF

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    From 1 to 4 DS, from 1 to 4
    LEDs are ON
    From 5 to 8 DS, From 1 to 4
    LEDs are flashing
    Duration 3 seconds

    OFF

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    From 1 to 4 US, from 1 to 4
    LEDs are ON.

    FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    Wait registration with all DS
    and all US – Lights Flash
    sequentially from the left to
    right

    ON

    ON

    ON

    ON

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    FLASH

    OFF

    MTA DHCP

    ON

    ON

    ON

    ON

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    OFF

    FLASH MTA SNMP/TFTP

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    ON

    ON

    ON

    ON

    ON

    X

    CPE
    Operation

    ON

    X

    X

    X

    OFF
    OFF
    OFF
    OFF
    OFF
    OFF
    X
    ON
    ON
    ON
    ON
    ON
    ON
    FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH

    MTA
    Operation

    ON

    <CM Normal Operation>

    RSIP for NCS/Register for SIP
    No LAN / Wireless link
    LAN / Wireless link
    TX/RX LAN / Wireless traffic

    ON

    ON

    Both Lines On-Hook

    ON

    FLASH

    ON

    Tel1 Off-hook, Tel2 Onhook

    ON

    ON

    FLASH Tel1 On-hook, Tel2 Offhook

    ON
    SW
    Download
    Operation

    ON
    X

    ON

    FLASH FLASH ON

    Handleiding Internet van Ziggo

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    X

    FLASH

    FLASH Both Lines Off-Hook

    X

    X

    A software download and
    while updating the FLASH
    memory

    11



  • Page 12

    LED Status when WPS State is
    In-progress

    Green LED will blink with 2 sec On -1 sec OFF cycle

    Success

    Green LED will remain ON for 300 secs before turning OFF

    Error”/ “Timeout

    Red LED will blink with 250 msec ON- 250 msec OFF cycle
    indefinitely

    Session overlap

    Red LED will turn ON-OFF with 250 msec duration for 2
    seconds followed by turning OFF for 500 msec.

    This cycle will repeat for a total duration of 120 seconds.

    table 1: LED behaviour

    3.1.2

    Rear panel

    figure 2: Rear panel

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  • Page 13

    Connector

    Description

    Power switch

    Power on, off the Cable modem.

    Power jack

    Connector for DC12V.

    Cable

    Connector for the cable network.

    Reset

    To restart the modem or press over 5 seconds can default
    the modem.

    USB Host

    USB 2.0 connector

    LAN

    4 Gige Ethernet ports, RJ-45 connector.

    TEL 1-2

    2 Phone RJ11 Connectors.

    table 2: Rear panel description

    3.1.3

    Side panel for WPS

    figure 3: Side panel
    WPS – Indicates the status of the WPS functionality.

    WPS button: Wi-Fi Protected SetupTM.
    This button can be used to secure the connection with another device (PC for
    example) using WPS protocol. A long press (press 2 more seconds) on the
    button allows you to enable the association of the modem with a PC or other
    equipment. After link establish. A short press on the button, switch on/off Wi-Fi.

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  • Page 14

    3.2

    Relationship amoung the devices

    This illustration shows a cable company that offers DOCSIS/Euro-DOCSIS and
    PacketCable/Euro-PacketCable compliant voice/data services.

    figure 4: Connection overview

    3.2.1

    What the Modem does

    The Wireless Voice Gateway provides high-speed Internet access as well as
    cost-effective, toll-quality telephone voice and fax/modem services over
    residential, commercial, and education subscribers on public and private
    networks via an existing CATV infrastructure. It can inter-operate with the
    PacketCable compliant head-end equipment and provide the IP-based voice
    communications. The IP traffic can transfer between the Wireless Voice
    Gateway and DOCSIS/Euro-DOCSIS compliant head-end equipment. The data
    security secures upstream and downstream communications.

    3.2.2




    What the Modem needs to do its job

    The Right Cable Company: Make sure your local cable company provides
    data services that use cable TV industry-standard DOCSIS/Euro-DOCSIS
    compliant and PacketCable/Euro-PacketCable compliant technology.
    The Internet/Telephony Service Provider (ISP/TSP): Your cable company
    provides you access to an Internet Service Provider (ISP) and Telephony
    Service Provider (TSP). The ISP is your gateway to the Internet and provides
    you with a pipeline to access Internet content on the World Wide Web
    (WWW). The TSP provides you with telephony access to other modems or
    other telephony services over the Public Switched Telephone Network
    (PSTN).

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  • Page 15

    Check with your cable company to make sure you have everything you need to
    begin; they’ll know if you need to install special software or re-configure your
    computer to make your cable internet service work for you.

    3.2.3

    Contact your local cable company

    You will need to contact your cable company to establish an Internet account
    before you can use your gateway. You should have the following information
    ready (which you will find on the sticker on the gateway):
    • The serial number
    • The model number
    • The Cable Modem (CM) Media Access Control (MAC) address
    • The Terminal Adapter (EMTA) MAC address
    • Security information: Service Set Identifier (SSID), Encryption key /
    passphrase (WPA2-PSK by default), channel number. Default values are
    indicated underneath the modem on the sticker.

    Please check the following with the cable company





    The cable service to your home supports DOCSIS/Euro-DOCSIS compliant
    two-way modem access.
    Your internet account has been set up. (The Media Terminal Adapter will
    provide data service if the cable account is set up but no telephony service
    is available.)
    You have a cable outlet near your PC and it is ready for Cable Modem
    service.

    Let op!
    It is important to supply power to the modem at all times. Keeping your modem
    plugged in will keep it connected to the Internet. This means that it will always
    be ready whenever you need.

    Important Information
    Your cable company should always be consulted before installing a new cable
    outlet. Do not attempt any rewiring without contacting your cable company
    first.

    Please verify the following on the Wireless Voice
    Gateway
    The Power LED should be lighted when plug-in the power supply.

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  • Page 16

    3.3

    Connecting the Wireless Voice Gateway to a
    Single Computer

    This section of the manual explains how to connect your Wireless Voice
    Gateway to the Ethernet port on your computer and install the necessary
    software. Please refer to Figure 1-5 to help you connect your Digital Cable
    Modem for the best possible connection.

    3.3.1
    1.

    Attaching the Cable TV Wire to the Wireless
    Voice Gateway

    Locate the Cable TV wire. You may find it one of three ways:
    a. Connected directly to a TV, a Cable TV converter box, or VCR. The line
    will be connected to the jack, which should be labeled either IN, CABLE
    IN, CATV, CATV IN, etc.
    b. Connected to a wall-mounted cable outlet.
    c. Coming out from under a baseboard heater or other location. See Figure
    1-6 for the wiring example.

    Let op!
    For optimum performance, be sure to connect your Wireless Voice Gateway to
    the first point the cable enters your home. The splitter must be rated for at least
    1GHz.

    figure 5: Basic home wiring

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  • Page 17

    3.3.2

    Installation procedure for connecting to the
    Ethernet interface

    Follow these steps for proper installation. Plug the coaxial cable to the cable
    wall outlet and the other end to the modem’s cable connector.

    Let op!
    To ensure a fast registration of the modem, the coaxial cable must be
    connected to the modem before it is powered on.
    Plug the power supply into the socket of the cable modem and two-pin plug in
    the AC outlet then press the Power Switch, power on the modem.

    Let op!
    Only use the power supply that comes with the modem. Using another power
    supply can cause damage to the product, and will void the warranty.
    Connect an Ethernet cable (direct connection, see below) to the Ethernet port
    at the back of the computer, and the other end to the ETHERNET port on the
    rear panel of the cable modem. The modem will seek the appropriate cable
    signal on the cable television network and go through the initial registration
    process on its own. The modem is ready for data transfer after the green LED
    "ONLINE" is lit continuously.

    Let op!
    the button "reset" at the back of the modem is used primarily for maintenance.

    figure 6: Connect to the modem

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  • Page 18

    3.3.3

    Telephone or Fax Connection

    When properly connected, most telephony devices can be used with the
    Wireless Voice Gateway just as with a conventional telephone service. To make
    a normal telephone call, pick up the handset; listen for a dial tone, then dial the
    desired number. For services such as call waiting, use the hook switch (or FLASH
    button) to change calls. The following procedures describe some of the
    possible connection schemes for using telephony devices with the Wireless
    Voice Gateway.
    1. 1. Connect a standard phone line cord directly from the phone (fax
    machine, answering machine, caller ID box, etc.) to one of the LINE jacks on
    the Wireless Voice Gateway.
    2. If there is a phone line in your home which is NOT connected to another
    telephone service provider, connect a standard phone line cord from a jack
    on this line to one of the LINE jacks of the Wireless Voice Gateway. Connect
    a standard phone line cord directly from the phone (fax machine, answering
    machine, caller ID box, etc.) to one of the other jacks in the house that uses
    that line.
    3. If you have a multi-line telephone, connect a standard phone line cord (not
    an RJ-14 type line cord) from the phone to the LINE jacks on the Wireless
    Voice Gateway. (Other phones can be added to each line by using standard
    phone line splitters.)

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  • Page 19

    4. Web configuration
    To make sure that you can access the Internet successfully, please check the
    following first.
    1. Make sure the connection (through Ethernet) between the Wireless Voice
    Gateway and your computer is OK.
    2. Make sure the TCP/IP protocol is set properly.
    3. Subscribe to a Cable Company.

    4.1

    Accessing the Web Configuration

    The Wireless Voice Gateway offers local management capability through a
    built-in HTTP server and a number of diagnostic and configuration web pages.
    You can configure the settings on the web page and apply them to the device.
    Once your host PC is properly configured; please proceed as follows:
    1. Start your web browser and type the private IP address of the Wireless Voice
    Gateway on the URL field: 192.168.0.1
    2. After connecting to the device, you will be prompted to enter username and
    password. By default, the username is ziggo and the password is draadloos.

    figure 7: Login dialogue
    If you login successfully, the main page will appear.

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  • Page 20

    4.1.1

    Outline of Web Manager

    The main screen will be shown as below.

    figure 8: Outline of Web Manager
    Main Menu

    The hyperlinks on the top of the page, including Gateway,
    VoIP and several sub-menu items

    Sub Menu

    Under the main menu, sub menu use to enter each
    function, e.g., Status, Network, Firewall…

    Title

    The sidebar on the left side of the page indicates the title of
    this management interface, e.g., Software in this example

    Main Window

    The current workspace of the web management,
    containing configuration or status information

    For easy navigation, the pages are organized in groups with group in names
    main menu. Individual page names within each group are provided in the sub
    menu and sidebar. So to navigate to a page, click the group hyperlink at the top,
    then the sub menu for the function, finally choose the title on the sidebar.
    Your cable company may not support the reporting of some items of
    information listed on your gateway’s internal web pages. In such cases, the
    information field appears blank. This is normal.

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  • Page 21

    4.1.2

    Warning message to change the password

    At your first connection or while the password is the default one, a warning
    message is displayed on the top banner of each Web configuration page. We
    want to encourage you to change the password in order to enforce the security
    of your modem. Please refer to the chapter password page 25 for more
    information.

    figure 9: Gateway\Status\Password
    To change the password: type the password, and re-enter it again.

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  • Page 22

    If the password is accepted, you are required to re log on the web pages:

    figure 10: Password request dialog

    4.2

    Gateway – Status Web Page Group

    4.2.1

    Software

    The information section shows the hardware and software information about
    your gateway.
    The status section of this page shows how long your gateway has operated
    since last time being powered up, and some key information the Cable Modem
    received during the initialization process with your cable company. If Network
    Access shows Allowed, then your cable company has configured your gateway

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  • Page 23

    to have Internet connectivity. If not, you may not have Internet access, and
    should contact your cable company to resolve this.

    figure 11: Gateway\Status\Software

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  • Page 24

    4.2.2

    Connection

    This page reports current connection status containing startup procedures,
    downstream and upstream status, CM online information, and so on. The
    information can be useful to your cable company’s support technician if you’re
    having problems.

    figure 12: Gateway\Status\Connection

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  • Page 25

    4.2.3

    Password

    By default, the username is ziggo and the password is draadloos.
    This is set by different actions (non exhaustive list):
    • at the manufactory level,
    • following a reset factory on the modem,
    • following a reset from the operator,
    • following a change by the user who wants to come back to the default
    setting after using its own settings
    When the current password is the default one, the user is strongly encouraged
    to change the default web password.
    At your first connection or while the password is the default one, a warning
    message is displayed on the top banner of each Web configuration page. We
    want to encourage you to change the password in order to enforce the security
    of your modem.
    The password can be a maximum of 8 characters and is case sensitive. In
    addition, this page can be used to restore the gateway to its original factory
    settings. Use this with caution, as all the settings you have made will be lost. To
    perform this reset, set Restore Factory Defaults to Yes and click Apply. This has
    the same effect as a factory reset using the rear panel reset switch, where you
    hold on the switch for 5 seconds, then release it.

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  • Page 26

    Let op!
    We are always suggesting you to modify the password. This is a basic protection
    against wrongful access to the Gateway Web pages.

    figure 13: Gateway\Status\Password
    To change the password: type the password, and re-enter it again.
    If the password is accepted, you are required to re log on the web pages:

    figure 14: Password request dialog

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  • Page 27

    If the password is not accepted, an error message is displayed:

    Please reflash the web and wait for Password dialog pop-up, then typing the
    correct username and password again.

    4.2.4

    Diagnostics

    This page offers basic diagnostic tools for you to use when connectivity
    problems occur. When you ping an Internet device, you send a packet to its
    TCP/IP stack, and it sends one back to yours. To use the ping Test, enter the
    information needed and press Start Test; the Result will be displayed in the
    lower part of the window. Press Abort Test to stop, and Clear Results to clear
    the result contents.

    Let op!
    Firewalls may cause pings to fail but still provide you TCP/IP access to selected
    devices behind them. Keep this in mind when ping a device that may be behind
    a firewall. Ping is most useful to verify connectivity with PCs which do not have
    firewalls, such as the PCs on your LAN side.

    figure 15: Gateway\Status\Diagnostics

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  • Page 28

    4.2.5

    Event Log

    This page displays the contents of the SNMP event log. Press Clear Log button
    to clear the logs.

    figure 16: Gateway\Status\Event Log

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  • Page 29

    4.2.6

    Initial Scan

    To speed up the modem’s first time connection, enter known downstream
    frequency and/or upstream channel ID information here. Then click Apply and
    Reboot button to start scanning the cable network beginning with the values
    supplied here.
    The value is provided in Hertz. So, for 549 MHz, you must type: 549000000

    figure 17: Gateway\Status\Initial Scan

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  • Page 30

    4.2.7

    Backup/Restore

    This page allows you to save your current settings locally on your PC, or restore
    settings previously saved. The default file name is GatewaySettings.bin.

    figure 18: Gateway\Status\ Backup/Restore

    4.3

    Gateway – Network Web Page Group

    4.3.1

    LAN

    You can activate the DHCP server function for the LAN on this page. With this
    function activated,
    • your cable company’s DHCP server provides one IP address for your
    gateway,
    • and your gateway’s DHCP server provides IP addresses, starting at the
    address you set in IP Address on the LAN page, to your PCs. A DHCP server
    leases an IP address with an expiration time.
    To change the IP address that your gateway will use on the LAN side, enter it
    into the IP Address box and then click Apply.
    IP Address and Subnet Mask:
    A private IP address and Subnet Mask for LAN sub netting.
    For example 192.168.0.1./ 255.255.255.0.

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    DHCP Server:
    • Select the check point of Yes or No to enable or disable a simple DHCP
    server for LAN.
    • Configure the IP address numbers for the DHCP server with Lease pool
    start and Lease pool end.
    • Configure the IP address lease time with Lease time for DHCP server.
    Default value is 604800 seconds.

    figure 19: Gateway\Network\LAN

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    4.3.2

    WAN

    You can configure the optional internal DHCP server for the WAN on this page.
    This can be required by some ISP providers.
    Select different WAN Connection Type will lead to different contents. Take the
    WAN connection type-DHCP for example, you can release and renew the WAN
    lease by pressing the buttons.
    You can enter a spoofed MAC address that causes your gateway networking
    stack to use that MAC address when communicating instead of the usual WAN
    MAC address, e.g., if the MAC address is 00:10:18:de:ad:03, this spoofed MAC
    address could be 00:11:e3:df:ad:05 or any desired MAC address.

    figure 20: Gateway\Network\WAN

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    4.3.3

    Computers

    This page displays the status of the DHCP clients and current system time. You
    can cancel an IP address lease by selecting it in the DHCP Client Lease Info list
    and then clicking the Force Available button. If you do so, you may have to
    perform a DHCP Renew on that PC, so that it can obtain a new lease.

    figure 21: Gateway\Network\Computers

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    4.3.4

    DDNS - Dynamic DNS service

    This page allows to setup for Dynamic DNS server.

    figure 22: Gateway\Network\DDNS
    DDNS Service

    Choose Enabled (www.DynDNS.org) to enable the basic
    setting. Choose Disabled to close the basic setting.

    Username

    The username that you registered with your DDNS provider.

    Password

    The password that you registered with your DDNS provider.

    Host Name

    The domain name or host name that is registered with your
    DDNS provider.

    Status

    It shows the DDNS service status whether it is enabled or
    disabled.

    Click Apply to save the changes.

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    4.3.5

    Time

    This page allows configuration and display of the system time obtained from
    network servers via Simple Network Time Protocol. The system has to be reset
    for any changes to take effect.

    figure 23: Gateway\Network\Time

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    4.3.6

    FTP Diagnostics

    This page allows to test download and upload transmit rate through FTP.
    Choose known FTP server and Filename with correct username and password
    then choose direction to Download or Upload. Press the Start button to start.

    figure 24: Gateway\Network\FTP Diagnostics
    You will see the result on the page, when transmit done.

    figure 25: Gateway\Network\FTP Diagnostics\test result

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    4.3.7

    Port-base Passthrough

    This page allows the configuration of each Ethernet Port. Per default, each
    Ethernet port is routed. If you enable the Passthrough, the Ethernet Port will
    have a direct connection to the Network. Note that access to this web access
    can be denied by your Cable operator.

    figure 26: Gateway\Network\Port-base Passthrough

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    4.4

    Gateway – Advanced Web Page Group

    4.4.1

    Options

    This page allows you to enable/disable some features of the Wireless Voice
    Gateway.

    figure 27: Gateway\Advanced\Options
    WAN Blocking

    Prevents others on the WAN side from being able to
    ping your gateway. With WAN Blocking enabled, your
    gateway will not respond to pings it receives, effectively
    “hiding” your gateway.

    PPTP PassThrough

    Enables PPTP type packets to pass between WAN and
    LAN. PPTP (Point to Point Tunneling Protocol) is
    another mechanism sometimes used in VPNs.

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    Remote Config
    Management

    Mmakes the configuration web pages in your gateway
    accessible from the WAN side. Note that page access is
    limited to only those who know the gateway access
    password. When accessing your gateway from a
    remote location, your must use HTTP port 8080 and
    the WAN IP address of the gateway. e.g., if the WAN IP
    address is 157.254.5.7, you would navigate to
    http://157.254.5.7:8080 to reach your gateway.

    Multicast Enable

    Enables multicast traffic to pass between WAN and
    LAN. You may need to enable this to see some types of
    broadcast streaming and content on the Internet

    UPnP

    Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) helps devices, such as
    Internet appliances and computers, access the network
    and connect to other devices as needed. UPnP devices
    can automatically discover the services from other
    registered UPnP devices on the network.

    NAT ALG

    NAT ALG (application layer gateways) allows
    customized NAT traversal filters to be plugged into the
    gateway to support address and port translation for
    certain application layer "control/data" protocols such
    as RSVP, FTP, TFTP, Kerb88, NetBios, IKE, RTSP,
    Kerb1293, H225, PPTP, MSN, SIP, ICQ, IRC666x,
    ICQTalk, Net2Phone, IRC7000, IRC8000 file transfer in
    IM applications etc.
    In order for these protocols to work through NAT or a
    firewall, either the application has to know about an
    address/port number combination that allows
    incoming packets, or the NAT has to monitor the
    control traffic and open up port mappings (firewall
    pinhole) dynamically as required. Legitimate
    application data can thus be passed through the
    security checks of the firewall or NAT that would have
    otherwise restricted the traffic for not meeting its
    limited filter criteria.

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    4.4.2

    IP Filtering

    This page enables you to enter the IP address ranges of PCs on your LAN that
    you don’t want to have outbound access to the WAN. These PCs can still
    communicate with each other on your LAN, but packets they send to WAN
    addresses are blocked by the gateway.

    figure 28: Gateway\Advanced\IP Filtering

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    4.4.3

    MAC Filtering

    This page enables you to enter the MAC address of specific PCs on your LAN
    that you do not wish to have outbound access to the WAN. As with IP filtering,
    these PCs can still communicate with each other through the gateway, but
    packets they send to WAN addresses are blocked.

    figure 29: Gateway\Advanced\MAC Filtering

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    4.4.4

    Port Filtering

    This page allows you to enter ranges of destination ports (applications) that you
    don’t want your LAN PCs to send packets to. Any packets your LAN PCs send to
    these destination ports will be blocked. For example, you could block access to
    worldwide web browsing (http = port 80) but still allow email service (SMTP port
    25 and POP-3 port 110). To enable port filtering, set Start Port and End Port for
    each range, and click Apply. To block only one port, set both Start and End ports
    with the same value.

    figure 30: Gateway\Advanced\Port Filtering

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    For example: To block HTTP (port 80) browse and restrict mail send from POP3(port 110), setting as following:

    figure 31: Gateway\Advanced\Port Filtering
    Setting port value, block protocol (Both for TCP & UDP), check Enable then
    Apply.

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    4.4.5

    Forwarding

    For LAN to WAN communications, the gateway normally only allows you to
    originate an IP connection with a PC on the WAN; it will ignore attempts of the
    WAN PC to originate a connection onto your PC. This protects you from
    malicious attacks from outsiders. However, sometimes you may wish for
    anyone outside to be able to originate a connection to a particular PC on your
    LAN if the destination port (application) matches one you specify.

    figure 32: Gateway\Advanced\Forwarding

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    Press Create IPv4 button you will see follow options shows on the page. To
    specify rules, choose Service Name or Port number range to set up. IP Address
    0.0.0.0 means allow all IP address.

    figure 33: Gateway\Advanced\Forwarding setting
    This page allows you to specify up to rules. For example, to specify that
    outsiders should have access to an FTP server you have running at 192.168.0.5,
    create a rule with that address and Start Port =20 and End Port =21 (FTP port
    ranges) and Protocol = TCP (FTP runs over TCP and the other transport
    protocol, UDP), and click Apply. This will cause inbound packets that match to
    be forwarded to that PC rather than blocked. As these connections are not
    tracked, no entry is made for them in the Connection Table. The same IP
    address can be entered multiple times with different ports.
    Press Create IPv6 button you will see follow options shows on the page. To
    specify rules, choose Service Name or Port number range to set up. IP Address
    0.0.0.0 means allow all IP address.

    figure 34: Gateway\Advanced\Forwarding setting

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    This page allows you to specify up to rules. For example, to specify that
    outsiders should have access to an FTP server you have running at 192.168.0.5,
    create a rule with that address and Start Port =20 and End Port =21 (FTP port
    ranges) and Protocol = TCP (FTP runs over TCP and the other transport
    protocol, UDP), and click Apply. This will cause inbound packets that match to
    be forwarded to that PC rather than blocked. As these connections are not
    tracked, no entry is made for them in the Connection Table. The same IP
    address can be entered multiple times with different ports.

    4.4.6

    Port Triggers

    Some Internet activities, such as interactive gaming, require that a PC on the
    WAN side of your gateway be able to originate connections during the game
    with your game playing PC on the LAN side. You could use the AdvancedForwarding web page to construct a forwarding rule during the game, and then
    remove it afterwards (to restore full protection to your LAN PC) to facilitate this.
    Port triggering is an elegant mechanism that does this work for you, each time
    you play the game.

    figure 35: Gateway\Advanced\Port Triggers

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    Press Create button to specify rules.

    figure 36: Gateway\Advanced\Port Triggers
    Port Triggering works as follows. Imagine you want to play a particular game
    with PCs somewhere on the Internet. You make one time effort to set up a Port
    Trigger for that game, by entering into Trigger Start Port and Trigger End Port
    the range of destination ports your game will be sending to, and entering into
    Target Start Port the range of destination ports the other player (on the WAN
    side) will be sending to (ports your PC’s game receives on). Application
    programs like games publish this information in user manuals. Later, each time
    you play the game, the gateway automatically creates the forwarding rule
    necessary. This rule is valid until 10 minutes after it sees game activity stop. After
    10 minutes, the rule becomes inactive until the next matched outgoing traffic
    arrives.
    e.g., suppose you specify Trigger Range from 6660 to 6670 and Target Range
    from 113 to 113. An outbound packet arrives at the gateway with your gameplaying PC source IP address 192.168.0.10, destination port 666 over TCP/IP.
    This destination port is within the Trigger destined for port 113 to your gameplaying PC at 192.168.0.10.

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    4.4.7

    DMZ Host

    Use this page to designate one PC on your LAN that should be left accessible to
    all PCs from the WAN side, for all ports. e.g., if you put an HTTP server on this
    machine, anyone will be able to access that HTTP server by using your gateway
    IP address as the destination. A setting of “0” indicates NO DMZ PC. Host is
    another Internet term for a PC connected to the Internet.

    figure 37: Gateway\Advanced\DMZ Host

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    4.4.8

    RIP (Routing Information Protocol) Setup

    This feature enables the gateway to be used in small business situations where
    more than one LAN (local area network) is installed. The RIP protocol provides
    the gateway a means to “advertise” available IP routes to these LANs to your
    cable operator, so packets can be routed properly in this situation.
    Your cable operator will advise you during installation if any setting changes are
    required here.

    figure 38: Gateway\Advanced\RIP Setup

    4.5

    Gateway – Firewall Web Page Group

    4.5.1

    Web Content Filtering

    These pages allow you to enable, disable, and configure a variety of firewall
    features associated with web browsing, which uses the HTTP protocol and
    transports HTML web pages. On these pages, you designate the gateway packet
    types you want to have forwarded or blocked. You can activate settings by
    checking them and clicking Apply.
    The web-related filtering features you can activate from the Web Content Filter
    page include Filter Proxy, Filter Cookies, Filter Java Applets, Filter ActiveX, Filter
    Popup Windows, and Firewall Protection.

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    If you want the gateway to exclude your selected filters to certain computers on
    your LAN, enter their MAC addresses in the Trusted Computers area of this
    page.

    figure 39: Gateway\Firewall\Web Filter

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    4.5.2

    TOD Filtering

    Use this page to set rules that will block specific LAN side PCs from accessing
    the Internet, but only at specific days and times. Specify a PC by its hardware
    MAC address, and then use the tools to specify blocking time. Finally, click the
    Apply button to save your settings.

    figure 40: Gateway\Firewall\TOD Filtering

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    4.5.3

    Local Log

    The gateway builds a log of firewall blocking actions that the firewall has taken.
    Using the Local Log page lets you specify an email address to which you want
    the gateway to email this log. You must also tell the gateway your outgoing (i.e.
    SMTP) email server’s name, so it can direct the email to it. Enable Email Alerts
    has the gateway forward email notices when Firewall protection events occur.
    Click E-mail Log to immediately send the email log. Click Clear Log to clear the
    table of entries for a fresh start.
    The log of these events is also visible on the screen. For each blocking event
    type that has taken place since the table was last cleared, the table shows
    Description, Count, Last Occurrence, Target, and Source.

    figure 41: Gateway\Firewall\Local Log

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    4.5.4

    Remote Log

    The Remote Log page allows you to specify the IP address where a SysLog
    server is located on the LAN Side and select different types of firewall events that
    may occur. Then, each time such an event occurs, notification is automatically
    sent to this log server.

    figure 42: Gateway\Firewall\Remote Log

    4.6

    Gateway – Parental Control Web Page Group

    4.6.1

    Basic

    This page allows you to enable, disable, and configure a variety of firewall
    features associated with web browsing, which uses the HTTP protocol and
    transports HTML web pages. On these pages, you designate the gateway packet
    types you want to have forwarded or blocked. You can activate settings by
    checking them and clicking Apply.
    Here are some of your choices on the Parental Control page:
    • Activate Keyword Blocking and specify some keywords in the Keyword List
    to cause blocking of web pages on the WAN side with the specified keyword
    in the content.
    • Activate Domain Blocking and specify some Domain Names (e.g.
    www.ABC.com) in the Domain List.

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    figure 43: Gateway\Parental Control\Basic

    4.7

    Gateway – Wireless Web Page Group

    The Wireless web pages group enables a variety of settings that can provide
    secure and reliable wireless communications for even the most demanding
    tech-savvy user.
    The Wireless Voice Gateway offers a choice of 802.11b/g/n, WPA and WPA-PSK
    authentication of your PCs to the gateway, 64 and 128 bit WEP encryption of
    communication between the gateway and your PCs to guaranty security, and
    an Access Control List function that enables you to restrict wireless access to
    only your specific PCs.
    Performance
    Because your wireless communication travels through the air, the factory
    default wireless channel setting may not provide optimum performance in your
    home if you or your neighbors have other interfering 2.4GHz or 5 GHz devices

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    such as cordless phones. If your wireless PC is experiencing very sluggish or
    dramatically slower communication compared with the speed you achieve on
    your PC that is wired to the gateway, try changing the channel number. See the
    802.11b/g/n Basic Web Page discussion below for details.
    Authentication
    Authentication enables you to restrict your gateway from communicating with
    any remote wireless PCs that aren’t yours. The following minimum
    authentication-related changes to factory defaults are recommended. See the
    802.11b/g/n Basic and Access Control Web Page discussions below for details.
    Network Name (SSID) – Set a unique name you choose
    Network Type – Set to Open
    Access Control List – Enter your wireless PCs’ MAC addresses
    Security
    Security secures or scrambles messages traveling through the air between your
    wireless PCs and the gateway, so they can’t be observed by others. The
    following minimum security setting changes to factory defaults are
    recommended. See the 802.11b/g/n Security Web Page discussion below for
    details.

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    4.7.1

    Radio

    To set the basic configuration for the wireless features, click RADIO from the
    Wireless menu. These must match the settings you make on your wirelessequipped PC on the LAN side.

    figure 44: Gateway/Wireless/Radio
    Interface

    The wireless radio in your gateway can be
    completely de-activated by changing Interface to
    Disabled. Click the Apply button to save your
    settings. Activated by changing interface to
    enabled

    Wireless MAC address

    The MAC address for this wireless device will be
    displayed in this field automatically.

    Output power

    This setting decides the output power of this
    device. You may use it to economize on electricity
    by selecting lower percentage of power output.
    Control the range of the AP by adjusting the radio
    output power.

    802.11 Band

    It Support 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz band. This default
    band was 2.4 GHz.

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    802.11 n-mode

    It may help you to Enable or Disable the 11N mode.
    To enable you need to select Auto, to disable you
    need to select Off, and so force the AP to operate
    in 802.11 n-mode.

    Bandwidth

    Select wireless channel width 20 MHz is for default
    value (bandwidth taken by wireless signals of this
    access point.)

    Sideband for Control
    Channel (40 MHz only)

    There is “Lower” and “Upper” can be selected if
    Bandwidth 40 MHz was Enabled.

    Control Channel

    In 802.11 Band 2.4GHz, there are 1 to 13 channels.
    In 802.11 Band 5GHz, there are 36, 40, 44, 48 total
    4 channels for all country. Choose the one that is
    suitable for this device.

    Current Channel

    The channel that you choose will be displayed in
    this field.

    Regulatory Mode

    suppose 802.11d and 802.11h to satisfy specific
    environment and request.

    TPC Mitigation (db)

    Fixed Maximum TX Power Level, options 0 ~ 4 db

    OBSS Coexistence

    Overlapping BBS coexistence, here to control this
    function Enable or Disable, default was enabled.

    STBC Tx

    Space–time block coding is a technique used in
    wireless communications to transmit multiple
    copies of a data stream across a number of
    antennas and to exploit the various received
    versions of the data to improve the reliability of
    data-transfer. Default was “Auto”.

    Restore Wireless defaulfs To recover to the default settings, press this button
    to retrieve the settings then click Apply.

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    Setting

    Description

    Value List or
    Range

    Default

    Network Name Set the Network Name (also
    (SSID)
    known as SSID) of this
    network.

    Up to 32character string
    containing ASCII
    characters only

    PExxx

    Network Type Select Closed to hide the
    network from active scans.
    Select Open to reveal the
    network to active scans.

    Open, Closed

    Open

    New Channel

    Select a particular channel on 1-13
    which to operate.

    1 or 6 or 11

    Interface

    Enable or disable the wireless Enabled, Disabled Enabled
    interface.

    table 3: Basic Settings Definitions

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    4.7.2

    Primary Network

    This page allows you to configure the Network Authentication. It provides
    several different modes of wireless security. You will have to enter proper
    information according to the mode you select.

    figure 45: Gateway\Wireless\Primary Network

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    802.11x Authentication introduction
    If you enable the 802.11x authentication function, you will have to offer the
    following information.
    WPA/WPA2
    (Wi-fi Protected Access) It must be used in
    conjunction with an authentication server such as
    RADIUS to provide centralized access control and
    management. It can provide stronger encryption
    and authentication solution than none WPA
    modes. WPA2 is the second generation of WPA
    security.
    WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK

    (WPA-Pre-Shared Key) It is useful for small places
    without authentication servers such as the
    network at home. It allows the use of manuallyentered keys or passwords and is designed to be
    easily set up for home users.

    RADIUS Server

    RADIUS Server is a protocol for carrying
    authentication, authorization, and configuration
    information between a Network Access Server
    which desires to authenticate its links and a shared
    Authentication Server. Please key in the IP Address
    for the RADIUS Server.

    RADIUS Port

    Besides the IP address of the RADIUS Server, you
    have to enter the port number for the server. Port
    1812 is the reserved RADIUS-authentication port
    described in RFC 2138. Earlier AP (RADIUS clients)
    use port 1945. The default value will be shown on
    this box. You can keep and use it.

    RADIUS Key

    A RADIUS Key is like a password, which is used
    between IAS and the specific RADIUS client to
    verify identity. Both IAS and the RADIUS client
    must be use the same RADIUS Key for successful
    communication to occur. Enter the RADIUS Key.

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    WPA/WPA2
    For the WPA/WPA2 network Authentication, the settings that you can adjust
    including WPA/WPA2 Encryption, RADIUS Server, RADIUS Port, RADIUS Key,
    Group Key Rotation Interval, and WPA/WPA2 Re-auth Interval.
    WPA/WPA2 Encryption
    There are two types that you can choose, AES,
    TKIP+AES.
    TKIP takes the original master key only as a starting
    point and derives its encryption keys
    mathematically from this mater key. Then it
    regularly changes and rotates the encryption keys
    so that the same encryption key will never be used
    twice
    AES provides security between client workstations
    operating in ad hoc mode. It uses a mathematical
    ciphering algorithm that employs variable key
    sizes of 128, 192 or 256 bits.
    RADIUS Server / RADIUS
    Port / RADIUS Key

    Please refer to the previous page.

    Group Key Rotation
    Interval

    Key in the time for the WAP group key rotation
    interval. The unit is second. With increasing rekey
    interval, user bandwidth requirement is reduced.

    WPA/WPA2 re-auth
    Interval

    When a wireless client has associated with the
    Wireless Voice Gateway for a period of time longer
    than the setting here, it would be disconnected
    and the authentication will be executed again. The
    default value is 3600, you may modify it.

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    figure 46: WPA/WPA2
    WPA-PSK/ WPA2-PSK
    For the WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK network Authentication, the settings that you can
    adjust including WPA/WPA2 Encryption, WPA Pre-Shared Key, and Group key
    Rotation Interval.
    WPA Pre-Shared Key
    Please type the key to be between 8 and 63 characters, or 64 hexadecimal
    digits. Only the devices with a matching key that you set here can join this
    network.

    figure 47: WPA-PSK / WPA2-PSK

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    WEP Encryption
    You can choose 64-bit or 128-bit according to your needs. If you choose
    Disabled, the Network Keys will not be shown on this page. If selected, the data
    is encrypted using the key before being transmitted. e.g., If you set 128-bit in this
    field, then the receiving station must be set to use the 128 Bit Encryption, and
    have the same Key value too. Otherwise, it will not be able to decrypt the data.

    Let op!
    You need to connect one end of the Ethernet cable to the Ethernet port on the
    back of your computer, and the other end to the ETHERNET port on the
    Wireless Voice Gateway.
    If you select WEP (64-bit or 128-bit), you can adjust the following settings.
    Shared Key
    Decide whether to set the shared key Optional or
    Authentication
    Required by selecting from the drop-down menu
    Network Key 1 to 4

    The system allows you to enter four sets of the
    WEP key. For 64-bit WEP mode, the key length is
    5 characters or 10 hexadecimal digits. As for 128bit WEP mode, the key length is 13 characters or
    26 hexadecimal digits

    Current Network Key

    Select one set of the network key (from 1 to 4) as
    the default one.

    Passphrase

    You can enter ASCII codes into this field. The range
    is from 8 characters to 64 characters. For ASCII
    characters, you can key in 63 characters in this
    field. If you want to key in 64 characters, only
    hexadecimal characters can be used.

    Generate WEP Keys

    Click this button to generate the Passphrase.

    Apply

    After proper configuration, click Apply to invoke
    the settings.

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    figure 48: WEP (64-bit) / WEP (128-bit)
    Automatic Security Configuration
    Wi-Fi Protected SetupTM (WPS) is an easy and secure way of configuring and
    connecting your Wireless access point. In this case, the Wireless Voice Gateway
    is the Access Point (AP), and Your PC (or Wireless Device) is called the STA.
    When configuring your Wireless Network via WPS, Messages are exchanged
    between the STA and AP in order to configure the Security Settings on both
    devices.
    WPS Configuration
    It will help you to Enable or Disable the WPS
    feature. To enable you need to select WPS, to
    disable you need to select Disabled.
    Note: After you Enable the WPS you will get the
    options as show in Fig.2-36 and the WPS
    Configuration State box will show its configuration
    status.
    Device Name

    By using this you can change the factory default to
    a name of your choice which is up to 32 characters
    long as like SSID.

    WPS Setup AP

    Here you do not need to change anything, just skip
    this step.

    WPS Add Client

    There are two methods type”Client PIN” and
    “Authorized Client MAC”. Type in the client
    information you want. Then press button “add”.

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    figure 49: Automatic Security Configuration
    If you type in Client PIN, then the WPS Add Client option will appear as shown
    below.

    figure 50: WPS/Push-Button
    And then if you click “Add” button then WPS Add Client page will appear as
    shown in Fig. 38.

    figure 51: WPS Setup AP/PUSH

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    And WPS Configure Status will be “In progress”, after establishing the
    connection the WPS Configure Status will be “Success!” as shown below. After
    succesful connection the client will get IP adress from AP and then internet will
    be accessible.

    figure 52: WPS Setup AP successful/PUSH
    WPS Add Client process also can finish with type in Authorized Client MAC.

    4.7.3

    Access Control

    This page allows you to control device that can connect to the AP and list all
    connected clients. Control is made by Mac Address.

    figure 53: Gateway\Wireless\Access Control
    Administration Web Page This field let you decide if a PC connected over WiAccess
    Fi to the Gateway can have access to the Gateway
    Web Pages.

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    MAC Restrict Mode

    Click Disabled to welcome all of the clients on the
    network; select Allow to permit only the clients on
    the list to access the cable modem; or choose
    Deny to prevent the clients on the list to access
    this device.

    MAC Address

    Your Gateway identifies wireless PCs by their
    Wireless MAC Address. This address consists of a
    string of 6 pairs of numbers 0-9 and letters A-F,
    such as 00 90 4B F0 FF 50. It is usually printed on
    the Wireless card of the device (e.g. the PCMCIA
    card in a laptop).

    Apply

    After proper configuration, click Apply to invoke
    the settings.

    Connected Clients:

    The information of currently connected clients will
    be displayed here.

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    4.7.4

    Advanced

    This page allows you to configure some advanced settings. The factory default
    values should provide good results in most cases. We don’t recommend you
    change these settings unless you have technical knowledge of 802.11 wireless
    technology. For expert users, details of all settings on this web page are
    provided below.

    figure 54: Gateway\Wireless\Advanced
    54TM Mode

    Except Auto Mode, there are three modes for you
    choose, please check the specification of your
    wireless card and choose a proper setting.

    XpressTM Technology

    When Xpress is turned on, aggregate throughput
    (the sum of the individuel throughput speeds of
    each client on the network) can improve by up to
    27% in 802.11g-only networks, and up to 75% in
    mixed networks comprised of 802.11g and
    802.11b standard equipment.

    801.11n Protection

    This method provides 802.11g and 802.11b devices
    can co-exist in the same network without
    “speaking” at the same time. Default is “Auto”.

    Short Guard Interval

    To reduce complexity, manufacturers typically
    only implement a shot guard interval as a final rate
    adaptation step when the device is running at it’s
    highest data rate. Default is “Auto”.

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    Basis Rate Set

    The rates that for all clients want to associate with.
    Choose “Default” and “All” for the
    802.11a/b/g/n/ac.

    Multicast Rate

    The baseline levels that wireless device able to
    deliver in order to connect to the wireless voice
    gateway. Lower multicast rates mean weaker,
    farther signals are allowed to connection. Higher
    multicast rates mean that only close, strong signals
    are allowed.

    NPHY Rate

    Set the Physical Layer rate. The rate always set
    “Use Legacy Rate”.

    Rate

    It decides the speed of data transmission. There
    are serveral rates provided here for you to choose.
    Choose any one of it according to your needs by
    using the drop-down menu.

    Beacon Interval

    Set the period of beacon transmissions to allow
    mobile stations to locate and identify a BSS. The
    measure unit it “time units” (TU) of 1024
    microseconds. (Value range: 1~65535).

    DTIM Interval

    The value you set here is used to inform mobile
    stations when mutlicast frames that have been
    buffered at the Wireless Voice Gateways will be
    delivered and how often that delivery occurs
    (Value range: 1~255).

    Fragmentation Threshold Set the number of the fragmentating frames to
    make the data to be delivered without errors
    induced by the interference. Frames longer than
    the value you set here are fragmented before the
    initial transmission into fragments no longer than
    the value of the threshold (Value range:
    256~2346).
    RTS Threshold

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    Set the value for sending a request to the
    destination. All the frames of a length greater than
    the threshold that you set here will be sent with the
    four-way frame exchange. And, a lenth less than or
    equal to the value that you set will not be
    proceeded by RTS (Value range: 0~2347).

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    4.7.5

    Bridging

    The Bridging page provides a location where settings can be adjusted related to
    the WDS (Wireless Distribution System) feature.
    WDS is a system that enables the interconnection of access points wirelessly. It
    may also be referred to as repeater mode because it appears to bridge and
    accept wireless clients at the same time (unlike traditional bridging).
    The wireless gateway can be placed in a mode that allows the gateway to
    communicate with other “extender” wireless access points either exclusively or
    mixed with communications to local PCs. Use this page to designate the
    Remote Bridges the gateway is allowed to communicate with, and to select the
    Wireless Bridging mode.

    figure 55: Gateway\Wireless\Bridging
    Wireless Bridging

    Choose “Disabled” to shutdown this function;
    select Enabled to turn on the function of WDS.

    Remote Bridges

    Enter the MAC addresses of the remote Bridges to
    realy the signals for each other.

    Apply

    After proper configuration, click Apply to invoke
    the settings.

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    4.7.6

    802.11 Wi-fi Multimedia

    Wi-Fi Multimedia (WMM) is a component of the IEEE 802.11e wireless LAN
    standard for quality of service (QoS). The QoS assigns priority to the selected
    network traffic and prevents packet collisions and delays thus improving VoIP
    calls and watching video over WLANs.

    figure 56: Gateway\Wireless\WMM
    Enable WWM

    This field allows you to enable WMM to improve
    multimedia transmission.

    Enable WWM NoAcknowledgment

    This field allows you to enable WMM NoAcknowledgement.

    Power Save Support

    This field allows you to enable WMM Power-SaveSupport.

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    EDCA AP parameters

    proposal : specifies the transmit parameter for
    traffic transmitted from the AP to the STA for the 4
    Access Categories: Best effort (AC_BE),
    Background (AC_BK) Video (AC_VI) and voice
    (AC_VO). Transmit parameters include contention
    window (CWmin CWmax), arbitration Inter Frame
    Spacing Number AIFSN, and Transmit opportunity
    Limit (TXOP limit ). Admission Control specifies if
    admission control is enforced for the Access
    categories. Discard Oldest first specified the
    discard policy for the queues , On discards the
    oldest first; off discards the newest first.

    EDCA STA parameters

    proposal : specifies the transmit parameter for
    traffic transmitted from the STA to the AP for the 4
    Access Categories: Best effort (AC_BE),
    Background (AC_BK) Video (AC_VI) and voice
    AC_VO. Transmit parameters include contention
    window (CWmin CWmax), arbitration Inter Frame
    Spacing Number AIFSN, and Transmit opportunity
    Limit (TXOP limit ).

    WMM TXOP parameters

    proposal : specifies the transmit parameter for
    traffic transmitted from the TXOP to the AP for the
    4 Access Categories: Best effort (AC_BE),
    Background (AC_BK) Video (AC_VI) and
    voice(AC_VO). Transmit parameters include Short
    Retry Limit, Short Fallbk Limit, Long Retry Limit,
    Long Fallbk Limit, and Max Rate in 500kbps.

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    4.8

    Gateway – USB Web Page Group

    4.8.1

    Media Server

    This page controls configuration and scanning of the Gateway's media server.
    Choose Scan all Files will scan your approved USB devices for sharing files. Scan
    Files by Type for specific file type or all of types for sharing. Choose file types
    form Available File Types to Selected File Types.

    figure 57: Gateway/USB/Media Server

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    4.8.2

    USB Basic settings

    This page allows basic control of the USB devices shared over the network.
    Enable USB
    This field controls which USB device (Key or Hard Disk) can
    be connected to the Gateway. All will authorize all USB
    Devices
    connected to
    devices. Approved will authorize devices that have been
    the USB port:
    previously approved on this gateway. None will block any
    USB Device on the Gateway. To approve devices (PC), click
    on the button Approved Devices.
    Enable USB
    Devices to be
    Shared Storage

    Yes or No to decide if you share or not the content of the
    USB device. Click on Storage Configuration button to
    access the web pages to configure the Storage Device.

    Enable the Media Yes or No to activate or the not the DLNA Server (DLNA:
    Server (DLNA)
    Digital Living Network Alliance). To configure the DLNA
    server, click on the button Media Server Configuration.

    figure 58: Gateway/USB/USB Basic

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    4.8.3

    Approved Devices settings

    This page allows the configuration of the USB storage device(s) shared over the
    network.
    Add Available USB Devices as Approved USB Devices then apply changes. If
    you want to remove USB devices, propose you press Safely Remove Device
    button first.

    figure 59: Gateway/USB/Approved Devices

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    4.8.4

    Storage Basic

    This page shows the status of the USB folders shared over the network.
    Basic option defines shared files in all approved devices and specified folders or
    only specified folders. You can edit Shared Network Folders and observe the
    detail of folders.

    figure 60: Gateway/USB/Storage Basic

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    4.8.5

    Storage Advanced

    This page shows the status of the folders shared over the network.
    Advanced option provides FTP option to share files as a FTP server.

    figure 61: Gateway/USB/Storage Advanced

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    4.9

    VoIP – Basic Web Page Group

    4.9.1

    Basic LAN

    This page displays the basic LAN status of this device, including the downstream
    and upstream status, device information, and interface parameters. You can
    select specific interface from the Interface Name drop-down menu.

    figure 62: VoIP\Basic\Basic LAN

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    4.9.2

    Hardware Info

    The hardware Info is displayed on this page.

    figure 63: VoIP\Basic\Hardware Info

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    4.9.3

    Event Log

    The Docsis and PacketCable event logs are displayed on this web page.

    figure 64: VoIP\Basic\Event log\DOCSIS

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    figure 65: VoIP\Basic\Event log\PacketCable

    4.9.4

    CM State

    This page shows the current state of the cable modem.

    figure 66: VoIP\Basic\Cm state

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    5. Networking
    5.1

    Communications

    Data communication involves the flow of packets of data from one device to
    another. These devices include personal computers, Ethernet, cable modems,
    digital routers and switches, and highly integrated devices that combine
    functions, like the Wireless Cable Gateway.
    The gateway integrates the functionality often found in two separate devices
    into one. It’s both a cable modem and an intelligent wireless voice gateway
    networking device that can provide a host of networking features, such as NAT
    and firewall. Fig.3-1 illustrates this concept, with the cable modem (CM)
    functionality on the left, and networking functionality on the right. In this figure,
    the numbered arrows represent communication based on source and
    destination, as follows:

    figure 67: Communication between your PCs and the network side

    5.2

    Type of communication

    1.

    Communication between the Internet and your PCs Example: The packets
    created by your request for a page stored at a web site, and the contents of
    that page sent to your PC.
    2. Communication between your cable company and the cable modem side.
    Example:
    When your cable modem starts up, it must initialize with the cable company,
    which requires the cable company to communicate directly with the cable
    modem itself.

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    3. Communication between your PCs and the networking side.
    Example:
    The Wireless Cable Gateway offers a number of built-in web pages which
    you can use to configure its networking side; when you communicate with
    the networking side, your communication is following this path. Each
    packet on the Internet addressed to a PC in your home travels from the
    Internet down- stream on the cable company’s system to the WAN side of
    your Wireless Cable Gateway. There it enters the Cable Modem section,
    which inspects the packet, and based on the results, proceeds to either
    forward or block the packet from proceeding on to the Networking section.
    Similarly, the Networking section then decides whether to forward or block
    the packet from proceeding on to your PC. Communication from your
    home device to an Internet device works similarly, but in reverse, with the
    packet traveling upstream on the cable system.

    5.3

    Cable Modem (CM) Section

    The cable modem (or CM) section of your gateway uses DOCSIS or EURODOCSIS Standard cable modem technology. DOCSIS or EURO-DOCSIS
    specifies that TCP/IP over Ethernet style data communication be used between
    the WAN interface of your cable modem and your cable company.
    A DOCSIS or EURO-DOCSIS modem, when connected to a Cable System
    equipped to support such modems, performs a fully automated initialization
    process that requires no user intervention. Part of this initialization configures
    the cable modem with a CM IP (Cable Modem Internet Protocol) address, as
    shown in Figure 3-2, so the cable company can communicate directly with the
    CM itself.

    5.4

    Networking Section

    The Networking section of your gateway also uses TCP/IP (Transmission
    Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol) for the PCs you connected on the LAN
    side. TCP/IP is a networking protocol that provides communication across
    interconnected networks, between computers with diverse hardware
    architectures and various operating systems.
    TCP/IP requires that each communicating device be configured with one or
    more TCP/IP stacks, as illustrated by Fig.3-2. On a PC, you often use software
    that came with the PC or its network interface (if you purchased a network
    interface card separately) to perform this configuration. To communicate with
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    the Internet, the stack must also be assigned an IP (Internet Protocol) address.
    192.168.100.1 is an example of an IP address. A TCP/IP stack can be configured
    to get this IP address by various means, including a DHCP server, by you directly
    entering it, or sometimes by a PC generating one of its own.
    Ethernet requires that each TCP/IP stack on the Wireless Cable Gateway also
    have associated with it an Ethernet MAC (Media Access Control) address. MAC
    addresses are permanently fixed into network devices at the time of their
    manufacture. 00:90:64:12:B1:91 is an example of a MAC address.
    Data packets enter and exit a device through one of its network interfaces. The
    gateway offers Ethernet and 802.11b/g/n wireless network interfaces on the
    LAN side and the DOCSIS network interface on the WAN side.
    When a packet enters a network interface, it is offered to all the TCP/IP stacks
    associated with the device side from which it entered. But only one stack can
    accept it — a stack whose configured Ethernet address matches the Ethernet
    destination address inside the packet. Furthermore, at a packet’s final
    destination, its destination IP address must also match the IP address of the
    stack.
    Each packet that enters a device contains source MAC and IP addresses telling
    where it came from, and destination MAC and IP addresses telling where it is
    going to. In addition, the packet contains all or part of a message destined for
    some application that is running on the destination device. IRC used in an
    Internet instant messaging program, HTTP used by a web browser, and FTP
    used by a file transfer program are all examples of applications. Inside the
    packet, these applications are designated by their port number. Port 80, the
    standard HTTP port, is an example of a port number.
    The Networking section of the router performs many elegant functions by
    recognizing different packet types based upon their contents, such as source
    and destination MAC address, IP address, and ports.

    5.5

    Three Networking Modes

    Your gateway can be configured to provide connectivity between your cable
    company and your home LAN in any one of three Networking Modes: CM, RG,
    and CH. This mode setting is under the control of your cable company, who can
    select the mode to match the level of home networking support for which you
    have subscribed. All units ship from the factory set for the RG mode, but a
    configuration file which the cable company sends the cable modem section
    during its initialization can change it.

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    5.6

    Cable Modem (CM) Mode

    figure 68: Cable Modem Mode

    figure 69: Two IP stacks are activated in cable modem mode
    CM (Cable Modem) Mode provides basic home networking. In this mode, two
    IP stacks are active:
    • IP Stack 1 - for use by the cable company to communicate with the cable
    modem section only. This stack receives its IP address from the cable
    company during CM initialization. It uses the MAC address printed on the
    label attached to the Wireless Cable gateway.
    • IP Stack 2 - for use by you, the end user, to communicate with the cable
    modem and Networking sections, to access the internal web page
    diagnostics and configuration. This stack uses a fixed IP address:
    192.168.100.1. It uses a MAC address 00:10:95:FF:FF:FE.
    With CM Mode, your cable company must provide one IP address for the CM
    section, plus one for each PC you connect from their pool of available
    addresses. Your cable company may have you or your installer manually enter
    these assigned addresses into your PC, or use a DHCP Server to communicate

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    them to your PCs, or use a method that involves you entering host names into
    your PCs.
    Note that in CM Mode, packets passing to the Internet to/from your PCs do not
    travel through any of the IP stacks; instead they are directly bridged between the
    WAN and LAN sides.

    5.7

    Residential Gateway (RG) Mode

    figure 70: Residential Gateway Mode

    figure 71: Three IP stacks are activated in cable modem mode
    RG (Residential Gateway) Mode provides basic home networking plus NAT
    (Network Address Translation). In this mode, three IP stacks are active:
    1. IP Stack 1 - for use by the cable company to communicate with the Cable
    Modem section only. This stack receives its IP address from the cable
    company during CM initialization. It uses the MAC address printed on the
    label attached to the Wireless Cable Gateway.
    2. IP Stack 3 - for use by you to remotely (i.e. from somewhere on the WAN
    side, such as at your remote workplace) communicate with the Cable
    Modem and Networking sections, to remotely access the internal web page
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    diagnostics and configuration. This stack is also used by your cable
    company to deliver packets between the Internet and the gateway’s
    networking section so they can be routed to/from your PCs. This stack
    requires an IP address assigned by the cable company from their pool of
    available addresses. Your cable company may have you or your installer
    manually enter assigned addresses into your gateway, or use a DHCP Server
    to communicate them, or use a method that involves you entering host
    names. This stack uses a MAC address of MAC label + 2 (the MAC label is
    found on the bottom of the unit). E.g., if the MAC address is
    00:90:64:12:B1:91, this MAC address would be 00:90:64:12:B1:93.
    3. IP Stack 5 - for use by you to locally (i.e. from somewhere on the LAN side
    in your home) communicate with the Cable Modem and Networking
    sections, to access the internal web page diagnostics and configuration.
    This stack is also used by the gateway’s networking section to route packets
    between the gateway’s Networking section and your PCs. This stack uses a
    fixed IP address: 192.168.0.1. It uses a MAC address of MAC label + 4 (the
    MAC label is found on the bottom of the unit). E.g., if the MAC address is
    00:90:64:12:B1:91, this MAC address would be 00:90:64:12:B1:95.
    With RG Mode, your cable company must provide one IP address for the CM
    section, plus one for the Networking section, from their pool of available
    addresses. With RG Mode, each PC you connect gets an IP address from a
    DHCP Server that is part of the Networking section of the gateway.

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    6. Frequently asked
    questions
    It seems that the wireless network is not working
    Check the Wireless LED on the front panel. If it is no lighted, press on the WPS
    button shortly, less than 1 second, on the side of the modem, and then check
    again the Wireless LED. If it is lighted, then the Wireless transmission is enabled.
    Can I watch TV, surf the Internet, and talk to my friends through the Wireless
    Voice Gateway at the same time?
    Absolutely!
    What do you mean by “Broadband?”
    Simply put, it means you’ll be getting information through a “bigger pipe,” with
    more bandwidth, than a standard phone line can offer. A wider, “broader” band
    means more information, more quickly.
    What is Euro-DOCSIS and what does it mean?
    “Data over Cable Service Interface Specifications” is the industry standard that
    most cable companies are adopting as they upgrade their systems. Should you
    ever decide to move, the Wireless Voice Gateway will work with all upgraded
    cable systems that are Euro-DOCSIS-compliant.
    What is Euro-PacketCable and what does it mean?
    Euro-PacketCable is the industry standard for telephony services that most
    cable companies are adopting as they upgrade their systems. Should you ever
    decide to move, the Wireless Voice Gateway will work with all upgraded cable
    systems that are Euro-PacketCable compliant.
    What is Xpress Technology and what does it mean?
    It is one of the popular performance-enhancing Wi-Fi technologies, designed
    to improve wireless network efficiency and boost throughput. It is more
    efficient in mixed environments, and it can work with 802.11a/b/g networks.
    When Xpress is turned on, aggregate throughput (the sum of the individual
    throughput speeds of each client on the network) can improve by up to 27% in
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    802.11g-only networks, and up to 75% in mixed networks comprised of 802.11g
    and 802.11b standard equipment. The technology achieves higher throughput
    by re-packaging data, reducing the number of overhead control packets, so
    that more useful data can be sent during a given amount of time.

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    7. Troubleshooting
    You can correct most problems you have with your product by consulting the
    troubleshooting list that follows.
    I can’t access the internet.




    Check all of the connections to your Wireless Voice Gateway.
    Your Ethernet card may not be working. Check each product’s
    documentation for more information.
    The Network Properties of your operating system may not be installed
    correctly or the settings may be incorrect. Check with your ISP or cable
    company.

    I can’t get the modem to establish an Ethernet connection.




    Even new computers don’t always have Ethernet capabilities – be sure to
    verify that your computer has a properly installed Ethernet card and the
    driver software to support it.
    Check to see that you are using the right type of Ethernet cable.

    The modem won’t register a cable connection.








    If the modem is in Initialization Mode, the INTERNET light will be flashing.
    Call your Cable Company if it has not completed this 5-step process within
    30 minutes, and note which step it is getting stuck on.
    The modem should work with a standard RG-6 coaxial cable, but if you’re
    using a cable other than the one your Cable Company recommends, or if
    the terminal connections are loose, it may not work. Check with your Cable
    Company to determine whether you’re using the correct cable.
    If you subscribe to video service over cable, the cable signal may not be
    reaching the modem. Confirm that good quality cable television pictures
    are available to the coaxial connector you are using by connecting a
    television to it. If your cable outlet is “dead”, call your Cable Company.
    Verify that the Cable Modem service is Euro-DOCSIS compliant and
    PacketCable compliant by calling your cable provider.

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    I don’t hear a dial tone when I use a telephone.




    Telephone service is not activated. If the rightmost light on the Wireless
    Voice Gateway stays on while others flash, check with your TSP or cable
    company. If the Wireless Voice Gateway is connected to existing house
    telephone wiring, make sure that another telephone service is not
    connected. The other service can normally be disconnected at the Network
    Interface Device located on the outside of the house.
    If using the second line on a two-line telephone, use a 2-line to 1-line
    adapter cable.

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    8. Glossary
    10/100/1000 BaseT
    Unshielded, twisted pair cable with an RJ-45 connector, used with Ethernet
    LAN (Local Area Network). “10/100/1000” indicates speed (10/100/1000 BaseT),
    “Base” refers to baseband technology, and “T” means twisted pair cable.
    Authentication
    The process of verifying the identity of an entity on a network.
    DHCP (Dynamic Host Control Protocol)
    A protocol which allows a server to dynamically assign IP addresses to
    workstations on the fly.
    Ethernet adapters
    A plug-in circuit board installed in an expansion slot of a personal computer.
    The Ethernet card (sometimes called a Network Interface Card , network
    adapter or NIC) takes parallel data from the computer, converts it to serial data,
    puts it into a packet format, and sends it over the 10/100/1000 BaseT LAN cable.
    DOCSIS (Data Over Cable Service Interface Specifications)
    A project with the objective of developing a set of necessary specifications and
    operations support interface specifications for Cable Modems and associated
    equipment.
    F Connector
    A type of coaxial connector, labeled CABLE IN on the rear of the Wireless Voice
    Gateway that connects the modem to the cable system.
    HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol)
    Invisible to the user, HTTP is used by servers and clients to communicate and
    display information on a client browser.
    Hub
    A device used to connect multiple computers to the Wireless Voice Gateway.

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    IP Address
    A unique, 32-bit address assigned to every device in a network. An IP (Internet
    Protocol) address has two parts: a network address and a host address. This
    modem receives a new IP address from your cable operator via DHCP each time
    it goes through Initialization Mode.
    Key exchange
    The swapping of mathematical values between entities on a network in order to
    allow encrypted communication between them.
    MAC Address
    The permanent “identity” for a device programmed into the Media Access
    Control layer in the network architecture during the modem’s manufacture.
    NID
    Network Interface Device, the interconnection between the internal house
    telephone wiring and a conventional telephone service provider’s equipment.
    These wiring connections are normally housed in a small plastic box located on
    an outer wall of the house. It is the legal demarcation between the subscriber’s
    property and the service provider’s property.
    PacketCable
    A project with the objective of developing a set of necessary telephony
    specifications and operations support interface specifications for Wireless Voice
    Gateways and associated equipment used over the DOCSIS based cable
    network.
    PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network)
    The worldwide voice telephone network which provides dial tone, ringing, fullduplex voice band audio and optional services using standard telephones.
    Provisioning
    The process of enabling the Media Terminal Adapter (MTA) to register and
    provide services over the network.
    TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)
    A networking protocol that provides communication across interconnected
    networks, between computers with diverse hardware architectures and various
    operating systems.
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    TFTP
    Trivial File Transfer Protocol, the system by which the Media Terminal Adapter’s
    configuration data file is downloaded.
    TSP
    Telephony Service Provider, an organization that provides telephone services
    such as dial tone, local service, long distance, billing and records, and
    maintenance.
    Universal Serial Bus (USB)
    USB is a “plug-and-play” interface between a computer and add-on devices,
    such as a Wireless Voice Gateway.
    Xpress Technology
    One of the popular performance-enhancing WiFi technologies, designed to
    improve wireless network efficiency and boost throughput. It is more efficient
    in mixed environments, and it can work with 802.11a/b/g networks.

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    Ondanks alle aan deze handleiding
    bestede zorg kan Ziggo geen
    aansprakelijkheid aanvaarden voor
    schade die het gevolg is van enige
    onvolkomenheid of fout in deze
    uitgave. De handleiding is
    uitdrukkelijk niet bedoeld ter nadere
    invulling of toelichting op de
    algemene voorwaarden. Derhalve
    kunnen er geen rechten aan
    ontleend worden.

    Alle rechten voorbehouden. Niets uit
    deze uitgave mag worden
    verveelvoudigd, opgeslagen in een
    geautomatiseerd gegevensbestand,
    en/of openbaar gemaakt in enige
    vorm of op enige wijze, hetzij
    elektronisch, mechanisch, door
    fotokopieën, opnamen, of enige
    andere manier, zonder voorafgaande
    schriftelijke toestemming van Ziggo.



  • Page 96



  • Page 97

    GEA.INT.TECHNI.1410 | Versie 1.0 | Oktober 2014






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