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HF/VHF/UHF
ALL MODE TRANSCEIVER
FT-817
ND
OPERATING MANUAL
VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
4-8-8 Nakameguro, Meguro-Ku, Tokyo 153-8644, Japan
VERTEX STANDARD
US Headquarters
10900 Walker Street, Cypress, CA 90630, U.S.A.
YAESU UK LTD.
Unit 12, Sun Valley Business Park, Winnall Close
Winchester, Hampshire, SO23 0LB, U.K.
VERTEX STANDARD HK LTD.
Unit 1306-1308, 13F., Millennium City 2, 378 Kwun Tong Road,
Kwun Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong
VERTEX STANDARD
(
AUSTRALIA
)
PTY., LTD.
Tally Ho Business Park, 10 Wesley Court, East Burwood, VIC, 3151
1

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  • Page 1

    HF/VHF/UHF
    ALL MODE TRANSCEIVER

    FT-817ND

    OPERATING MANUAL

    VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
    4-8-8 Nakameguro, Meguro-Ku, Tokyo 153-8644, Japan

    VERTEX STANDARD
    US Headquarters
    10900 Walker Street, Cypress, CA 90630, U.S.A.

    YAESU UK LTD.
    Unit 12, Sun Valley Business Park, Winnall Close
    Winchester, Hampshire, SO23 0LB, U.K.

    VERTEX STANDARD HK LTD.
    Unit 1306-1308, 13F., Millennium City 2, 378 Kwun Tong Road,
    Kwun Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong

    VERTEX STANDARD (AUSTRALIA) PTY., LTD.
    Tally Ho Business Park, 10 Wesley Court, East Burwood, VIC, 3151



  • Page 2

    Contents
    Introduction .................................................... 1
    Specifications .................................................. 2
    Accessories & Options .................................... 4
    Plug Pinout ...................................................... 5
    Installation ...................................................... 6
    Connecting the Supplied YHA-63 Antenna ......... 6
    Connecting the Microphone ................................. 7
    Shoulder Strap Installation ................................... 7
    Rubber Foot Installation ....................................... 7
    Alkaline Battery Installation and Use ................... 8
    External Power Connections ................................ 9
    FNB-85 Ni-Cd Battery Pack Installation and Use ... 10
    Front Panel Control & Switches ................. 12
    Side Panel Switch & Connectors ................. 16
    Rear Panel Connectors ................................. 17
    Operation ...................................................... 18
    Turning the Transceiver On and Off ................... 18
    Supply Voltage Display ...................................... 18
    Operating Band Selection ................................... 19
    Mode Selection ................................................... 19
    Adjusting the Audio Volume Level .................... 19
    Menu Quick Start ................................................ 20
    Adjusting the RF Gain and Squelch ................... 20
    Setting the Operating Frequency ........................ 21
    Stacked VFO System .......................................... 21
    Operation on 5 MHz Band
    (U.S. Version Only) ............................................ 22
    Receiver Accessories ..................................... 23
    Clarifier (Receiver incremental Tuning) ............. 23
    IF SHIFT ............................................................. 24
    AGC (Automatic Gain Control) ......................... 25
    Noise Blanker ..................................................... 25
    IPO (Intercept Point Optimization) .................... 25
    ATT (Front End Attenuator) ............................... 26
    AM/FM DIAL .................................................... 26
    Automatic Power-Off Feature ............................ 27
    Transmitter Operation ................................. 28
    SSB Transmission ............................................... 28
    Basic Setup/Operation ................................... 28
    Adjusting the transmitter Power Output ... 28
    VOX Operation .............................................. 29
    CW Transmission ............................................... 30
    Operation using Straight Key/
    External Keying Device ................................. 30
    Operation using
    the Built-in Electronic Keyer ......................... 32

    FM Transmission ................................................ 33
    Basic Setup/Operation ................................... 33
    Repeater Operation ........................................ 33
    Tone Search Scanning ............................... 35
    DCS Operation ............................................... 36
    DCS Search Scanning ............................... 36
    ARTSTM (Auto Range Transpond System)
    Operation ....................................................... 37
    CW Identifier Setup ....................................... 37
    Digital Mode Operation (SSB-Based AFSK) ..... 38
    RTTY (Radio TeleType) Operation ................ 38
    PSK31 Operation ........................................... 39
    “USER” Defined Digital Modes .................... 40
    Packet (1200/9600 bps FM) Operation .............. 41
    AM Transmission ............................................... 42
    Split Frequency Operation .................................. 42
    Time-Out Timer .................................................. 43
    WeatherFax Monitoring ...................................... 43
    Memory Operation ....................................... 44
    QMB Channel ..................................................... 44
    Memory Operation on
    “Regular” Memory Channels ............................. 45
    Normal Memory Storage .............................. 45
    Split-Frequency Memory Storage .................. 45
    Memory Channel Recall ................................ 46
    Masking Memory ........................................... 47
    Memory Operation on
    “HOME” Channel Memories ............................. 48
    Labeling Memories ............................................. 49
    Spectrum Scope Monitor Operation ........... 50
    Smart SearchTM Operation .......................... 51
    Scanning Operation ...................................... 52
    Scanning Operation ............................................ 52
    Scan Skip Programming (Memory Mode Only) ..... 52
    Scan-Resume Choices ............................... 52
    Programmable Memory Scan (PMS) Operation .. 54
    Dual Watch Operation ................................. 56
    Operation on Alaska Emergency Frequency:
    5167.5 kHz (U.S. Version Only) ......................... 57
    Menu Operation ........................................... 58
    Clonning ........................................................ 69
    CAT System Programming ........................ 70
    Installation of Optional Accessories ............ 74
    Option Filters YF-122S/YF-122C/YF-122CN ..... 74
    High-Stability Reference Oscillator TCXO-9 .... 75
    Power-on Microprocessor Reset Procedure ....... 76
    Appendix ....................................................... 77
    Setup of Memories for Low Earth Orbit (LEO)
    FM Satellite Operation ....................................... 77
    BAND DATA Format ......................................... 80



  • Page 3

    INTRODUCTION
    The FT-817ND is a compact, innovative multiband, multimode portable transceiver for the
    amateur radio MF/HF/VHF/UHF bands. Providing coverage of the 160-10 meter bands
    (include the 60 m band: USA version) plus the 6 m, 2 m, and 70 cm bands, the FT-817ND
    includes operation on the SSB, CW, AM, FM, and Digital modes, yielding the most comprehensive performance package available for portable operation.
    Designed for use either from an external DC power source or internal batteries, the FT817ND provides five watts of power output from a 13.8-Volt external power supply. When
    using the FNB-85 Ni-MH Battery Pack or 8 “AA” Alkaline Cells (not supplied), the FT817ND automatically switches to 2.5 Watts of output power. Via the Menu system, “High”
    power may be selected during battery operation, providing as much as 5 Watts of output,
    depending on the operating frequency.
    The multi-function Liquid-Crystal Display includes Blue, Amber, and Violet backlighting,
    which may be disabled for battery conservation. The display includes bar-graph indication
    of power output, ALC voltage, SWR, and modulation level. Also include are a number of
    operating status icons, as well as the function displays for the three operating function keys
    (
    ,
    , and
    ).
    Among the advanced features of the FT-817ND are many incorporated only in large basestation transceivers. These include Dual VFOs; Split-Frequency operation; IF Shift; Clarifier (“R.I.T.”); IF Noise Blanker; AGC Fast/Slow/Auto/Off selection; RF Gain and Squelch
    control; IPO (Intercept Point Optimization) and a receiver front-end Attenuator; AM Aircraft reception; AM and FM Broadcast reception; VOX; Built-in Electronic Keyer; Adjustable CW Pitch; Automatic FM Repeater Shift (ARS); Built-in CTCSS Encoder/Decoders;
    ARTS™ (Auto-Range Transponder System); Smart Search™ Automatic Memory Loading
    System; Spectrum Scope; 200 Memories plus Home Channels and Band-limiting Memories; Alpha-Numeric Labeling of Memories; Automatic Power-Off (APO) and Time-Out
    Timer (TOT) functions; Computer Interface capability; and Cloning capability.
    We urge you to read this manual in its entirety, so as to gain a full understanding of the
    amazing capability of the exciting FT-817ND Portable Transceiver.

    FT-817ND Operating Manual

    1



  • Page 4

    SPECIFICATIONS
    GENERAL
    Receive: 100 kHz-30 MHz
    50 MHz-54 MHz
    76 MHz-154 MHz
    420 MHz-470 MHz
    Transmit: 160-6 Meters (USA: includes 60 meters)
    2 Meters
    70 Centimeters (Amateur bands only)
    5.1675 MHz Alaska Emergency Frequency (USA only)
    Emission Modes:
    A1A (CW), A3E (AM), J3E (LSB/USB), F3E (FM),
    F1D (9600 bps packet), F2D (1200 bps packet)
    Synthesizer Steps (Min.): 10 Hz (CW/SSB), 100 Hz (AM/FM)
    Antenna Impedance:
    50 Ohms, Unbalanced (Front: Type BNC, Rear: Type M)
    Operating Temp. Range: –10 °C to +60 °C (+14 °F to +140 °F)
    Frequency Stability:
    ±4 ppm from 1 min. to 60 min after power on.
    @25 °C: 1 ppm/hour
    ±0.5 ppm/1 hour @25 °C, after warmup (with optional TCXO-9)
    Supply Voltage:
    Normal: 13.8 VDC ± 15 %, Negative Ground
    Operating: 8.0-16.0 V, Negative Ground
    FBA-28 (w/8 “AA” Alkaline Cells): 12.0 V
    FNB-85 (Ni-MH Battery Pack): 9.6 V
    Current Consumption:
    Squelched: 250 mA (Approx.)
    Receive: 450 mA
    Transmit: 2.2 A (HF/145 MHz), 2.5 A (430 MHz)
    Case Size (W x H x D):
    135 x 38 x 165 mm (5.31” x 1.5” x 6.50”)
    Weight (Approx.):
    1.17 kg (2.58 lb) w/Alkaline battery, antenna, w/o Microphone
    Frequency Range:

    TRANSMITTER
    5 W (SSB/CW/FM), 1.5 W (AM Carrier) @13.8 V
    SSB: Balanced Modulator
    AM: Early Stage (Low Level)
    FM: Variable Reactance
    FM Maximum Deviation: ±5 kHz (FM-N: ±2.5 kHz)
    Spurious Radiation:
    –50 dB (1.8-29.7 MHz)
    –60 dB (50/144/430 MHz)
    Carrier Suppression:
    >40 dB
    Opp. Sideband Supp.:
    >50 dB
    SSB Frequency Response: 400 Hz-2600 Hz (–6 dB)
    Microphone Impedance: 200-10k Ohms (Nominal: 600 Ohms)
    RF Power Output:
    Modulation Types:

    2

    FT-817ND Operating Manual



  • Page 5

    SPECIFICATIONS
    RECEIVER
    Circuit Type:
    Double-Conversion Superheterodyne
    Intermediate Frequencies:1st: 68.33 MHz (SSB/CW/AM/FM); 10.7 MHz (WFM)
    2nd: 455 kHz
    Sensitivity:
    SSB/CW
    AM
    FM
    100 kHz-500 kHz –


    500 kHz-1.8 MHz –
    32 µV

    1.8 MHz-28 MHz 0.25 µV
    2 µV

    28 MHz-30 MHz
    0.25 µV
    2 µV
    0.5 µV
    50 MHz-54 MHz
    0.2 µV
    2 µV
    0.32 µV
    144/430 MHz
    0.125 µV

    0.2 µV
    (IPO, ATT off, SSB/CW/AM = 10 dB S/N, FM = 12 dB SINAD)
    Squelch Sensitivity:
    SSB/CW/AM
    FM
    1.8 MHz-28 MHz 2.5 µV

    28 MHz-30 MHz
    2.5 µV
    0.32 µV
    50 MHz-54 MHz
    1 µV
    0.2 µV
    144/430 MHz
    0.5 µV
    0.16 µV
    (IPO, ATT off)
    Image Rejection:
    HF/50 MHz: 70 dB
    144/430 MHz: 60 dB
    IF Rejection:
    60 dB
    Selectivity (–6/–60 dB):
    SSB/CW: 2.2 kHz/4.5 kHz
    AM: 6 kHz/20 kHz
    FM: 15 kHz/30 kHz
    FM-N: 9 kHz/25 kHz
    SSB (optional YF-122S installed): 2.3 kHz/4.7 kHz (–66 dB)
    CW (optional YF-122C installed): 500 Hz/2.0 kHz
    CW (optional YF-122CN installed): 300 Hz/1.0 kHz
    AF Output:
    1.0 W (8 Ohms, 10% THD or less)
    AF Output Impedance: 4-16 Ohms
    Specifications are subject to change without notice, and are guaranteed within amateur
    bands only.
    Frequency ranges vary according to transceiver version; check with your dealer.

    FT-817ND Operating Manual

    3



  • Page 6

    ACCESSORIES & OPTIONS
    SUPPLIED ACCESSORIES
    MH-31A8J
    FNB-85
    NC-72B/C/U or PA-48C/U
    FBA-28
    YHA-63
    E-DC-6
    Shoulder Strap
    Ferrite Core
    Rubber Foot

    Hand Microphone
    Ni-MH Battery Pack (9.6 V, 1400 mAh)
    Battery Charger
    Battery Case (holds 8 “AA” size Alkaline cells [not supplied])
    Whip Antenna for (50/144/430 MHz)
    DC Cable

    Available Options
    FNB-85
    FNB-72
    NC-72B/C/U or PA-48C/U
    YF-122S
    YF-122C
    YF-122CN
    TCXO-9
    MH-36E8J
    CT-62
    CT-39A

    Ni-MH Battery Pack (9.6 V, 1400 mAh)
    Ni-Cd Battery Pack (9.6 V, 1000 mAh)
    Battery Charger
    Collins SSB Filter (2.3 kHz/4.7 kHz: –6 dB/–66 dB)
    Collins CW Filter (500 Hz/2 kHz: –6 dB/–60 dB)
    Collins CW Filter (300 Hz/1 kHz: –6 dB/–60 dB)
    TCXO Unit (±0.5 ppm)
    DTMF Microphone
    CAT Interface Cable
    Packet Cable

    : “B” suffix is for use with 120 VAC, “C” suffix is for use with 230-240 VAC, and “U”
    suffix is for use with 230 VAC.

    4

    FT-817ND Operating Manual



  • Page 7

    PLUG PINOUT

    FT-817ND Operating Manual

    5



  • Page 8

    INSTALLATION
    CONNECTING THE SUPPLIED YHA-63 ANTENNA
    Your FT-817ND is supplied with a three-section antenna, model YHA-63 which is designed
    for optimum performance on the 50 MHz, 144 MHz, and 430 MHz. It also works well on
    the FM broadcast and other VHF bands. This antenna is intended for connection to the front
    panel’s BNC-type antenna connector.
    For HF and/or 50 MHz operation, most hikers carry their own dipole or collapsible vertical
    antenna, fed by a small-diameter coaxial cable terminated in a type “M” (PL-259) plug, and
    these kinds of antennas may be connected to the rear panel’s antenna connector.
    The YHA-63 should be connected to the top panel’s “BNC” connector, using the following
    guidelines:
    For 144/430 MHz operation (only), connect the shorter cap section to the screw post on
    the top of the main antenna shaft, then screw the assembled YHA-63 onto the BNC
    connector, twisting it 1/4 turn clockwise to secure the antenna.
    For 50 MHz operation, unscrew the
    short cap section, and replace it with
    the long cap section. The long cap
    section will provide good results on
    144/430 MHz, as well, but those
    owners not using 50 MHz may prefer the shorter total length of the
    YHA-63 when using the short cap
    on 144/430 MHz.
    For shortwave listening using a random-length wire antenna for reception only, you may wish to consider
    connection of the wire between the
    main YHA-63 shaft and the cap,
    using a “spade lug” or similar lug
    on the end of the wire to provide a
    secure connection between the cap
    and the rest of the antenna.
    Menu #07 (“ANTENNA”) allows
    you to define which connector
    (“Front” or “Rear”) is used on a
    particular band. See page 60 for details.

    6

    FT-817ND Operating Manual



  • Page 9

    INSTALLATION
    CONNECTING THE MICROPHONE
    To connect the microphone, plug its connector (latch side UP) into the MIC jack on the
    right side of the transceiver. Press it
    gently inward until you hear the
    “click” of the latch.
    To disconnect the microphone, press
    gently on the “PUSH ” label on
    top of the microphone connector’s rubber boot.
    While pressing on this spot, gently pull the connector outward from the body of the transceiver.
    Note: During “Digital” or “Packet” operation, it is not necessary to disconnect the microphone, as activation of the PTT line from the DATA connector automatically cuts off the
    audio input from the MIC jack.

    SHOULDER STRAP INSTALLATION
    The convenient Shoulder Strap is designed for maximum comfort and security for your FT817ND transceiver.
    Refer to the illustration, and connect the
    shoulder strap to the attachment tabs just
    behind the front panel of the FT-817ND.
    Be sure to have the shoulder strap aligned
    correctly, without twists in the straps.
    A convenient microphone hanger is located on one end of the padded top section of the Shoulder Strap. When not in
    use, the microphone may be affixed here,
    freeing both of your hands for other tasks.

    RUBBER FOOT INSTALLATION
    Four Rubber Feet are provided with your FT817ND, for ease of use when operating from a
    base station or camp table.



    Refer to the illustration, and affix the Rubber
    Feet in the appropriate locations.





    FT-817ND Operating Manual



    7



  • Page 10

    INSTALLATION
    ALKALINE BATTERY INSTALLATION AND USE
    The FT-817ND is supplied with the FBA-28 holder for Alkaline “AA” cells. A fresh set of
    Alkaline cells should provide approximately 5.5 hours of reception under typical conditions.
    1. To install or replace the AA cells, first remove the battery cover from the bottom side of
    the transceiver. Slide the battery cover latch forward, as shown in the illustration, then
    fold the battery cover upward and set it aside temporarily.
    2. Install the Alkaline AA cells as shown in the illustration, paying particular attention to
    the correct polarity of the batteries.
    3. When all batteries have been successfully installed, replace the battery cover.

    Important Notes
    When the transceiver is to be stored for a long period of time without use (longer
    than ten days), remove the batteries from the FBA-28 holder, to avoid the possibility of battery leaking causing damage to the transceiver. Inspect the FBA-28
    battery holder occasionally for signs of corrosion or battery leakage, and remove
    the batteries immediately if any such damage is observed.
    The FBA-28 battery holder is designed for use solely with Alkaline type “AA”
    cells. Do not attempt to use Ni-Cd or other rechargeable cells in the FBA-28,
    because it does not contain the protection circuitry required when using rechargeable cells.
    When replacing batteries, replace all eight AA cells simultaneously with fresh
    batteries.
    When the battery voltage is approaching the value which indicates depletion is
    near, the small “
    ” will blink, indicating it is time to replace the batteries.

    8

    FT-817ND Operating Manual



  • Page 11

    INSTALLATION
    EXTERNAL POWER CONNECTIONS
    The FT-817ND may be connected to an external 13.8 Volt DC power source providing at
    least 3 Amps of continuous-duty current.. The supplied E-DC-6 DC cable may be used for
    DC connections.
    While connected to an external DC source, if you have installed the supplied FNB-85 NiMH Battery Pack, the E-DC-6 connection to the external DC power source will allow
    operation of the FT-817ND while charging of the FNB-85 is in progress.
    When making DC power connections, be absolutely certain to follow the markings on the
    E-DC-6 so as to ensure proper polarity of the connection to the power supply. Connect the
    RED AND BLACK wire to the Positive (+) power supply terminal, and connect the SOLID BLACK
    wire to the Negative (-) power supply terminal.

    FT-817ND

    Notice
    Be extremely careful when making power supply connections. Use only a 13.8 Volt
    DC Supply, and carefully observe the proper electrical polarity. Serious damage
    may result if these precautions are not observed.
    The Limited Warranty on this product does not cover damage caused by improper
    power supply connections, or improper power supply voltage.

    FT-817ND Operating Manual

    9



  • Page 12

    INSTALLATION
    FNB-85 NI-MH BATTERY PACK INSTALLATION AND USE
    The supplied FNB-85 Ni-MH Battery Pack provides 9.6 Volts of DC power for your FT817ND, with a maximum capacity of 1400 mAh.

    Installation
    1. To install the FNB-85 Ni-MH Battery Pack, first remove the battery compartment cover,
    as described previously.
    2. Lift out the FBA-28 battery holder, and disconnect the short cable connected to the
    FBA-28, as shown in the illustration.
    3. Connect the short cable to the mating connector on the FNB-85, and install the FNB85 in the battery compartment.
    4. Replace the battery compartment cover.

    FNB-85

    FBA-28

    10

    FT-817ND Operating Manual



  • Page 13

    INSTALLATION
    FNB-85 NI-MH BATTERY PACK INSTALLATION AND USE
    Charging
    Charging of the FNB-85 requires the use of either the supplied battery charger (NC-72B/
    C or PA-48C/U), or an external 13.8 Volt (±15%) DC source. If the battery charger is used,
    the FT-817ND must be turned off during charging; if an external 13.8 Volt DC source is
    used (connected via the supplied E-DC-6 cable), then you may operate the FT-817ND while
    charging is in progress.
    1. Turn the FT-817ND off (see page 18), then connect the supplied battery charger DC
    connector to the INPUT: 13.8V jack on the rear panel of the FT-817ND.
    2. Plug the battery charger into the nearest AC wall outlet.
    3. Press the FT-817ND’s
    switch for one second to turn the transceiver on.
    4. Press the
    key momentarily.
    5. Rotate the
    knob so that the function row containing “[CHG, VLT, DSP]” appears
    on the display.
    key to select the [CHG] option (the display will immediately revert to the
    6. Press the
    regular frequency display).
    7. Turn the FT-817ND off. You will now observe that the LED just
    above the main tuning dial is glowing Orange, and the display
    will indicate “CHG TIME RMN” and remaining time to indicate
    the time remaining before a full charge is achieved on the FNB85.
    Important Note
    ❒ The NC-72/PA-48 are not designed to power the transceiver for operation (reception
    or transmission).
    ❒ Please be advised that the NC-72/PA-48 may contribute noise to TV and radio reception in the immediate vicinity, so we do not recommend its use adjacent to such devices.
    Important Notice
    For Charging the optional FNB-72 Ni-Cd Battery Pack
    If you wish to charge the optional FNB-72 Ni-Cd Battery Pack using the supplied
    NC-72B/C or PA-48C/U Battery Charger, you must set the Battery Charging Time
    to “6 Hours” (use for NC-72B/C) or “8 Hours” (use for PA-48C/U) via Menu #11,
    to prevent over charging the battery. See page 61 for detail.

    FT-817ND Operating Manual

    11



  • Page 14

    FRONT PANEL CONTROL & SWITCHES

    PWR Switch
    Press and hold in the

    switch for one second to turn to the transceiver on or off.

    AF Knob
    The (inner)
    knob adjusts the receiver audio volume level presented to the internal or external speaker. Clockwise rotation increases the volume level.

    SQL/RF Knob
    In the USA version, this (outer)
    knob adjusts the gain of the receiver’s RF
    and IF stages. Using Menu Selection 45, this control may be changed to function as a
    Squelch control, which may be used to silence background noise when no signal is
    present. In the other versions, its default setting is set to “Squelch.”

    LOCK Key
    Pressing this key locks the front panel keys so as to prevent accidental frequency change.

    V/M Key
    Pressing this key switches frequency control between the VFO and Memory Systems.

    TRANSMIT/BUSY Indicator
    This LED glows green when the squelch opens, and turns red during transmit. It also
    glows orange during charging of the FNB-85 (Ni-MH) / FNB-72 (Ni-Cd) battery pack.

    MAIN Dial
    This is the main tuning dial for the transceiver. It is used both for frequency tuning as
    well as “Menu” setting in the transceiver.

    F Key
    Pressing this key momentarily changes the display to show the operating functions
    available via the
    ,
    ,
    keys.
    Press and hold this key for one second to activate the “Menu” mode.

    12

    FT-817ND Operating Manual



  • Page 15

    FRONT PANEL CONTROL & SWITCHES
    FUNC Keys
    These three keys select many of the most important operating features of the transceiver. When pressing the
    key, the current function of that key appears above each
    of the
    ,
    ,
    keys (along the bottom of the LCD); rotating the
    knob
    scrolls the display through eleven rows of functions available for use via the
    ,
    ,
    keys.
    The available features are shown in chart on the next page.

    BAND(DWN)/BAND(UP) Key
    Pressing either of these keys momentarily will cause the frequency to be moved up or
    down by one frequency band. The selections available are:

    Recalling the 5 MHz band (U.S. model) requires different procedure. See page 22 for
    details.

    MODE( )/MODE( ) Key
    Pressing either of these keys momentarily will change the operating mode. The selections available are:

    HOME Key
    Pressing this key momentarily recalls a favorite “HOME” frequency memory.

    SEL Knob
    This detented rotary switch is used for tuning, memory selection, and function selection for the
    ,
    ,
    keys of the transceiver.

    CLAR Key
    Press this key momentarily to activate the Receiver Clarifier feature. When this feature
    knob may be used to set a tuning offset of up to ±9.99 kHz. The
    is activated, the
    transmitter’s frequency is not affected by the setting of the Clarifier.
    Press and hold this key for 1/2 second to activate the IF Shift feature, which allows you
    to use the
    knob to adjust the center frequency of the IF filter’s passband response.

    ANT Jack
    Connect the supplied 50/144/430 MHz rubber flex antenna (or another antenna presenting a 50Ω impedance) to this BNC connector.
    In its default setting, this jack does not function on the HF bands. If you want to enable
    this jack on the HF bands, recall and change the setting of Menu #07.

    FT-817ND Operating Manual

    13



  • Page 16

    FRONT PANEL CONTROL & SWITCHES
    Key
    1

    A/B
    Press the
    key to switch
    between VFO-A and VFO-B
    on the display.

    2

    MW
    key
    Press and hold in the
    for 1/2 second to transfer the
    contents of the VFO into a
    Memory register.
    STO
    Press the
    key to store the
    contents of the VFO into the
    QMB (Quick Memory Bank)
    register.
    RPT
    Press the
    key to select
    the direction of the uplink frequency shift (“–,” “+,” or Simplex) during FM repeater operation.
    Press and hold in the
    key
    for 1/2 second to recall Menu
    #42 (for setting the shift frequency offset).
    SCN
    key to initiate
    Press the
    scanning (in the direction of
    higher frequencies).
    SSM
    Press the
    key to activate
    the Spectrum Scope Monitor
    feature.
    Press and hold in the
    key
    for 1/2 second to recall Menu
    #43 (for selecting the SSM
    sweep mode).
    IPO
    Press the
    key to bypass
    the receiver preamplifier,
    thereby activating Intercept
    Point Optimization for improved overload characteristics.
    The IPO feature does not
    function on 144/430 MHz.

    3

    4

    5

    6

    7

    14

    Key
    A=B
    Press and hold in the
    key
    for ½ second to copy the contents of VFO-A into the VFOB register, so that the two
    VFOs’ contents will be identical.
    MC
    key to desigPress the
    nate the current Memory
    channel to be “skipped” during scanning.
    RCL
    Press the
    key to recall
    the QMB Memory.

    SPL
    Press the
    key to activate
    Split frequency operation between VFO-A and VFO-B.

    REV
    Press the
    key to reverse
    the transmit and receive frequencies while working
    through a repeater.

    TON
    Press the
    key to activate
    CTCSS or DCS operation.
    Press and hold in the
    key
    for 1/2 second to recall Menu
    #48 (for selecting the CTCSS
    tone frequency).

    PRI
    key to activate
    Press the
    the Priority Scan feature.

    DW
    key to activate
    Press the
    the Dual Watch system.

    SCH
    Press the
    key to activate
    Smart SearchTM operation.

    ART
    Press the
    key to initiate
    the Auto-Range Transponder
    mode.
    Press and hold in the
    key
    for 1/2 second to recall Menu
    #09 (for selecting the ARTS
    “Beep” option).
    NAR
    Press the
    key to activate
    the “Narrow” filter mode in the
    CW (optional YF-122C or YF122CN required) mode. On
    the FM mode, it also selects
    the low-deviation mode required for HF FM operation on
    29 MHz.
    Press and hold in the
    key
    for 1/2 second to recall Menu
    #38 (to Enable/Disable the
    optional filter during installation).

    ATT
    Press the
    key to engage
    the receiver front-end attenuator, which will reduce all signals and noise by approximately 10 dB.
    The ATT feature does not
    function on 144/430 MHz.

    TAG
    key to select
    Press the
    the display type (Frequency or
    Alpha-numeric Tag) during
    Memory operation.
    PMS
    Press the
    key to activate
    the Programmable Memory
    Scan feature.

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  • Page 17

    FRONT PANEL CONTROL & SWITCHES
    Key
    8

    NB
    Press the
    key to activate
    t h e r e c e i v e r ’s I F N o i s e
    Blanker.

    9

    PWR
    key to select
    Press the
    the transmitter power output
    level (LOW 1, LOW 2, LOW 3, or
    HIGH).

    10

    VOX
    Press the
    key to enable
    the VOX (voice-operated
    transmitter switching system)
    in the SSB, AM, and FM
    modes.
    Press and hold in the
    key
    for 1/2 second to recall Menu
    #51 (for setting the VOX Gain
    level).
    CHG
    Press the
    key to initiate
    Battery Charging.
    Press and hold in the
    key
    for 1/2 second to recall Menu
    #11 (for selecting the Charging period).
    TCH
    key to initiate
    Press the
    Tone Search.

    11

    12

    Key
    AGC
    Press the
    key to select
    the recovery time (FAST, SLOW,
    AUTO, or OFF) for the receiver’s
    AGC system.
    MTR
    key to select
    Press the
    the display function of the
    meter in the transmit mode
    (Power, ALC, SWR, or MOD
    indication).
    BK
    Press the
    key to activate
    CW “Semi” Break-in operation.
    Press and hold in the
    key
    for 1/2 second to recall Menu
    #17 (for setting the CW Delay
    time). At a setting of 10 ms,
    operation emulates full QSK
    performance.
    VLT
    Press the
    key to display
    the current battery voltage.

    DCH
    key to initiate
    Press the
    DCS Search.

    Key

    No function


    No function

    KYR
    Press the
    key to activate
    the built-in Electronic Keyer.
    Press and hold in the
    key
    for 1/2 second to recall Menu
    #21 (for setting the Keyer
    speed).

    DSP
    Press the
    key to switch
    the display between the Large
    Character and Small Character modes.


    No function

    *The Operating Function number in this column does not appear on the LCD.

    Display Icons

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  • Page 18

    SIDE PANEL SWITCH & CONNECTORS

    MIC Jack
    Connect the supplied MH-31A8J Hand Microphone to this jack.

    SP/PH Jack
    This 3.5-mm, 2-pin jack provides variable audio output for an external speaker (4 Ω ~
    16 Ω impedance) or earphones. The audio level varies according to the setting of the
    knob.
    front panel’s
    When you insert an earphone plug into this jack, the SP-PH slide switch (located to the right side of this jack) MUST BE set to the “PH” position, to prevent the possibility of injury to your ears.

    SP-PH Switch
    If you use earphones with this transceiver, move this switch to the “PH” position before inserting the earphone plug into the SP/PH Jack, to prevent injury your ears.

    16

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  • Page 19

    REAR PANEL CONNECTORS

    INPUT:13.8V

    Jack (

    )

    This is the DC power supply connection for the transceiver, used when operating the
    transceiver with an external power supply. Use the supplied DC cable to connect this
    jack to the car battery or base station DC power supply, which must be capable of
    supplying at least 3A @ 8 ~ 16 VDC. This jack is also used for battery charging (when
    using the supplied FNB-85 battery pack).

    GND Terminal
    For best performance and safety, this Ground lug may be connected to a good earth
    ground using a short, heavy, braided cable.

    KEY Jack
    This 3.5-mm, 3-pin jack is used for connection to a CW keyer paddle or a straight key.

    DATA Jack
    This 6-pin, mini-DIN jack accepts AFSK input from a Terminal Node Controller (TNC);
    it also provides fixed-level Receiver Audio Output, Push-To-Talk (PTT), Squelch Status, and ground lines.

    ACC Jack
    This 8-pin, mini-DIN jack provides a closure to ground during transmission, ALC, a
    transmitter-inhibit pin, and “band data” for connection to an external amplifier. It is
    also used for Transceiver-to Transceiver Cloning and for control of this transceiver
    using a personal computer.

    ANT Jack
    Connect your HF and/or 50 MHz antenna’s 50 Ω coaxial cable to this M-type (“SO239”) connector.
    In its default setting, this jack does not function on 50/144/430 MHz bands. If you want to
    enable this jack on 50/144/430 MHz bands, recall and change the settings of Menu #07.

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  • Page 20

    OPERATION
    Hi! I’m R.F. Radio, and I’m here to guide you through the fine points of the setup
    and use of your new FT-817ND. I know your anxious to get on the air, but I
    encourage you to read the “Operation” section of this manual as thoroughly as possible,
    so you’ll get the most out of this fantastic new rig. Now. . .let’s get operating!

    TURNING THE TRANSCEIVER ON AND OFF
    1. To turn the transceiver on, press and hold in
    the
    switch for one second.
    2. To turn the transceiver off, again press and
    hold in the
    switch for one second.
    The one-second delay helps you avoid accidental switching on (or off) of DC power.

    SUPPLY VOLTAGE DISPLAY
    When you turn on the transceiver, the DC supply voltage is indicated in the upper right corner of the LCD for two seconds. After
    this interval, the display will resume its normal indication of the
    operating mode (VFOa, VFOb, or Memory Channel Number).
    To view the supply voltage at any time during operation:
    1. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob to select Operating Function
    Row 11* [CHG, VLT, DSP] on the display.
    (VLT) key momentarily to display the supply voltage in the upper right
    2. Press the
    corner of the LCD.
    (VLT) key.
    3. To cancel the supply voltage display, again press the
    Remember, the Operating Row Number does not appear on the display.

    If you have not operated your FT-817ND within the past week, we recommend that you
    plug in the Battery Charger, and perform an 8 hour (use for NC-72B/C) or 10 hour (use
    for PA-48C/U) charge cycle, to ensure that the FNB-85 is ready for operation when
    you are.

    18

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  • Page 21

    OPERATION
    OPERATING BAND SELECTION
    This transceiver covers an incredibly wide frequency range, over which a number of different
    operating modes are used. Therefore, this
    transceiver’s frequency coverage has been divided into different operating bands, each of with
    has its own pre-set channel steps and operating
    modes. You can change the channel steps and operating mode once you get started, of
    course, per the next section.
    To change the frequency band, press either the
    to the next lower or higher operating band, respectively.

    or

    key to move

    1) Recalling the 5 MHz band (U.S. model) requires different procedure. See page
    22 for details.
    2) VFOa and VFOb are independent VFOs, so they may be set to different bands. See the
    “Stacked VFO System” discussion on page 21 for details.

    MODE SELECTION
    Press either the
    or
    key to
    move among the eight settings for the operating
    modes, respectively.

    You can also set VFOa and VFOb to different modes in the same band, allowing
    you to have a “Phone” VFO and a “CW” VFO, for example.

    ADJUSTING THE AUDIO VOLUME LEVEL
    Rotate the
    tening level.

    knob to set a comfortable lis-

    When operating in the “DIG” or “PKT” modes,
    you may set the
    knob to any comfortable
    setting, or even all the way off, because the output from the DATA jack is a fixed-level audio signal.
    Start with the
    knob set fully counter-clockwise, especially when using FM
    (the background noise on FM can be surprisingly loud)!

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  • Page 22

    OPERATION
    MENU QUICK START
    Many aspects of this transceiver’s configuration may be customized using the convenient
    “Menu” system, which allow you to configure many “set and forget” settings just the way
    you want to. A full discussion of the Menu system beings on page 58; for now, here is a
    brief discussion on how to change Menu settings:
    key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    1. Press and hold in the
    2. Rotate the
    knob to recall the Menu item to be changed (for example, Menu #01,
    which Enables or Disables the Automatic Repeater Shift on the 144 MHz band).
    3. Rotate the
    knob to set this feature (in this example, the default setting is “ENABLE,” so rotate the
    knob to set this feature to “DISABLE.”
    4. Press and hold in the
    key for one second to save the new setting and exit to normal
    operation.
    key to change an operating function,
    If you have momentarily pressed the
    press the
    key momentarily again (to clear the function indications for the
    ,
    ,
    keys) before engaging the Menu.

    ADJUSTING THE RF GAIN AND SQUELCH
    The
    control is configured differently,
    depending on the country to which the FT817ND has been exported. In the U.S. version,
    the default function of this control is “RF Gain.”
    The configuration of the
    control is set
    via Menu #45; see page 67 for details.
    If your transceiver is configured for “RF Gain” use, rotating this control fully clockwise in
    the SSB/CW/Digital modes will provide best sensitivity. To reduce the receiver’s RF Gain
    somewhat, rotate this control counter-clockwise slightly. You will observe an increasing
    number of bars on the S-meter as you rotate the
    control counter-clockwise; this
    indicates increasing AGC voltage, which is causing the front-end gain to be reduced. In the
    FM and Packet modes, this control will automatically be set to an “Auto-Squelch” mode,
    wherein the FM/Packet squelch threshold is pre-set at the factory; the
    control still
    acts as an “RF Gain” control, however, and it normally should be set fully clockwise.
    If this control is configured for “SQL” operation, the FT-817ND’s RF Gain will be set for
    maximum sensitivity in all modes, and the
    control will function solely as a Squelch
    control. In this case, rotate the
    control to the point where the background noise is
    just silenced; this will provide the best sensitivity to weak signals, while keeping the receiver quiet when no signal is received. The LED just above the Main Dial will glow Green
    when the squelch is opened by an incoming signal or noise.
    Battery consumption is significantly reduced if the receiver is squelched, as the
    audio amplifier stage is shut off when the receiver is muted.

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  • Page 23

    OPERATION
    SETTING THE OPERATING FREQUENCY
    1. In the “SSB/CW/DIG” modes, rotate the
    knob to set the frequency. Clockwise
    rotation of the
    knob increases the operating frequency.
    2. In the “AM/FM/PKT” modes, rotate the
    knob to set the frequency. Clockwise rotation of the
    knob increases the operating
    frequency.
    knob to adjust the operating frequency in the “SSB/CW/
    3. You may also use the
    DIG” modes. The
    knob provides faster tuning, ideal for making quick changes in
    frequency when you want to move across the band in a hurry. You can then use the
    knob to make fine frequency adjustments.
    4. If you press the
    knob momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, you can now
    change the operating frequency in 1 MHz steps, allowing very quick frequency excursions. This can be particularly helpful on the VHF and UHF bands.
    5. In step 2 above, it was mentioned that tuning in the “AM/FM/PKT” modes is accomplished using the
    knob. By default, the
    knob is disabled in these modes; if
    you wish to enable the
    knob in these modes, use Menu #04; see page 60.
    6. The synthesizer steps for the
    knob may be adjusted independently by mode. Use
    Menu #06 for AM, #30 for FM, and #47 for SSB/CW/Digital. See pages 60, 64, and 67
    for details.
    The main
    of the

    knob synthesizer’s tuning rate (the number of steps per rotation
    knob) can be adjusted using Menu #33. See page 65 for details.

    STACKED VFO SYSTEM
    1. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    Function Row 1 [A/B, A=B, SPL] appears on the display.
    (A/B) key to toggle between the “A” and “B” VFOs. There are two
    2. Now press the
    such VFOs provided on each Amateur band, so you may set VFO-A to the CW subband, and VFO-B to the SSB sub-band, if you like. The operating mode will be preserved, along with the frequency information, on each VFO.

    FT-817ND Operating Manual

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  • Page 24

    OPERATION
    OPERATION ON 5 MHZ BAND (U.S. VERSION ONLY)
    The FT-817ND includes the capability for transmission and reception on the five spot frequencies assigned to the Amateur Service in the United States. To operate on the 5 MHz
    band:
    key once to enter the
    1. Press the
    “Memory” mode (a memory channel number
    “M-nnn” will appear on the display in the
    space previously occupied by “VFOa” or
    “VFOb”).
    2. Memory channels “M-601” through “MSEL
    605” are pre-programmed, at the factory, with the permitted
    frequencies in the 5 MHz band, and the USB mode is automatically selected on these channels.
    If you have partitioned your memory channels into Memory
    Groups via Menu #34, the memory channel numbers for 60meter operation will be displayed as “l - 001” ~ “l - 005.” See
    page 46 for details regarding Memory Group operation, and
    page 65 for details regarding Menu #34.
    3. To exit from 60-meter operatin and return to the VFO mode,
    just press the
    key (the memory channel number will be
    replaced by “VFOa” or “VFOb”).

    V/M
    F
    VM

    SEL

    LOCK
    AF

    PWR
    SQL/RF

    CLAR

    The frequencies and operating mode for 5 MHz band operation are both fixed, and may not be changed.

    22

    [Memory Group “OFF”]

    [Memory Group “ON”]
    CH No.
    M - 601
    M - 602
    M - 603
    M - 604
    M - 605

    FREQUENCY
    5.332 MHz
    5.348 MHz
    5.368 MHz
    5.373 MHz
    5.405 MHz

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  • Page 25

    RECEIVER ACCESSORIES
    CLARIFIER (RECEIVER INCREMENTAL TUNING)
    The Clarifier (RIT) allows you to set an offset of up to ±9.99 kHz of the receive frequency
    relative to your transmit frequency. To achieve a wider offset than this, you may use the
    “Split” operating mode, described later.
    switch momentarily to activate
    1. Press the
    the Clarifier function.
    knob, which allows the re2. Turn the
    ceiver frequency to be varied over a range of
    9.99 kHz.
    3. When the receiving frequency is higher than
    transmit frequency, the “ ” icon will appear at the right of the
    frequency display. Similarly, when the receiving frequency is
    lower than transmit frequency, the “ ” icon will appear at the
    right of the frequency display.
    4. When the receiving frequency is equal to transmit frequency
    (Clarifier offset is zero) while the Clarifier is activated, the “ ”
    icon will appear at the right of the frequency display.
    5. To turn the Clarifier off, again press the
    switch momentarily. When you turn the Clarifier back on, the offset previously stored will still be applied.
    6. To reset the Clarifier offset to zero, turn the Clarifier off, then
    turn the
    knob by any amount. The Clarifier will reset to
    knob.
    zero after the first “step” of the
    If you leave the Clarifier on, moving the
    cancelled.

    FT-817ND Operating Manual

    [TX<RX]

    [TX>RX]

    [TX=RX]

    knob will not cause the offset to be

    23



  • Page 26

    RECEIVER ACCESSORIES
    IF SHIFT
    The receiver’s IF SHIFT feature is an effective interference-reduction tool, which allows
    you to shift the passband response higher or lower without changing the pitch of the incoming signal.
    switch for one second to acti1. Press the
    vate the IF SHIFT feature. A “ ”, “ ,” or
    “ ” icon will appear at the right of the frequency display to indicate the IF SHIFT’s
    current position.
    2. Rotate the
    knob, as needed, to reduce
    or eliminate the interference.
    3. To turn the IF SHIFT feature off, again press the
    switch
    for one second. The last setting of the IF SHIFT control will be
    retained until you change it again.
    4. If you wish to make a more permanent shift in the receiver’s IF
    passband, use Menu #54 (LSB) or #55 (USB) in the “Extended
    Menu.” This allows you to set up a higher or lower listening
    pitch, if you prefer such as compared to the default passband
    response. See page 68.
    Engaging of the IF Shift feature does not disable the setting of the Clarifier control. With the IF Shift activated,
    press the
    switch momentarily to switch to Clarifier operation.

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  • Page 27

    RECEIVER ACCESSORIES
    AGC (AUTOMATIC GAIN CONTROL)
    The receiver recovery time constant of the AGC system may be modified to match your
    operating needs.
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    1. Press the
    Function Row 8 [NB, AGC] appears on the display.
    (AGC) key to toggle the AGC recovery time constant among the follow2. Press the
    ing selections:
    “AGCauto”

    “AGCfast”

    “AGCslow”

    “AGCoff”

    “AGCauto” ……

    where “AGCauto” represents “AGCfast” on CW and DIG(AFSK), and “AGCslow” on
    the voice modes.
    If “AGCoff” selected, the S-meter (which monitors AGC voltage) will cease to function.

    NOISE BLANKER
    The IF Noise Blanker may be useful in reducing or eliminating some types of impulse
    noise, especially noise generated by automotive ignition systems.
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    1. Press the
    Function Row 8 [NB, AGC] appears on the display.
    (NB) key to activate the Noise Blanker. The “ ” icon will appear at the
    2. Press the
    right of the “NB” indication.
    (NB) key again to turn the Noise Blanker off.
    3. Press the

    IPO (INTERCEPT POINT OPTIMIZATION)
    The IPO feature bypasses the receiver RF preamplifier, thereby eliminating the preamp’s
    gain. This feature is not available on the 144 MHz and 430 MHz.
    1. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    Function Row 7 [IPO, ATT, NAR] appears on the display.
    (IPO) key to bypass the receiver input preamplifier. The “ ” icon will
    2. Press the
    appear at the right of the “IPO” indication.
    (IPO) key once more to re-activate the preamp.
    3. Press the
    On the bands below 14 MHz, the input preamplifier is rarely necessary, and activation of the IPO feature will provide substantial protection against intermodulation
    and other problems associated with strong signal input to the receiver. Rule of thumb: so
    long as the S-meter is moving on background noise, additional front-end gain is not
    necessary.

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  • Page 28

    RECEIVER ACCESSORIES
    ATT (FRONT END ATTENUATOR)
    The Attenuator will reduce all signals (and noise) by 10 dB, and it may be used to make
    reception more pleasant under extremely noisy conditions. This feature is not available on
    the 144 MHz and 430 MHz.
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    1. Press the
    [
    ]
    Function Row 7 IPO, ATT, NAR appears on the display.
    (ATT) key to activate the Attenuator. The “ ” icon will appear at the right
    2. Press the
    of the “ATT” indication.
    (ATT) key once more to switch the Attenuator out of the receiver front
    3. Press the
    end circuit.

    AM/FM DIAL
    In the AM and FM modes, the
    knob is locked out (via the setting of Menu #04) so as
    to allow “channelized” tuning on these modes. To adjust the operating frequency, rotate the
    knob.
    knob for tuning in the AM and FM modes, change the
    If you wish to enable the
    setting of Menu #04. See page 60 for details.
    The “channelized” mode of tuning on AM and FM automatically rounds off the
    frequency to the next “logical” step when you rotate the
    knob one “click” in
    either direction. This eliminates the inconvenience of having to preset the frequency to
    an “even” channel.

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  • Page 29

    RECEIVER ACCESSORIES
    AUTOMATIC POWER-OFF FEATURE
    The APO feature helps conserve battery life by automatically turning the transceiver off
    after a user-defined period of time within which there has been no dial or key activity. The
    available selections for the time before power-off are 1 ~ 6 hours, as well as “APO Off.”
    The default condition for the APO is OFF, and here is the procedure for activating it:
    key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    1. Press and hold the
    knob to recall Menu #08 (APO TIME).
    2. Rotate the
    3. Rotate the
    knob to select the desired time period after which the radio will automatically shut down.
    key for one second to save the new setting and exit to normal
    4. Press and hold the
    operation.
    Once you have programmed a time interval, the APO countdown timer will start whenever
    some front panel action (tuning, transmission, etc.) is completed.
    When the APO is activated, the “ ” icon will appear at the center bottom on the LCD. If
    there is no action by you within the time interval programmed, the microprocessor will shut
    down the radio automatically.
    Just press and hold in the
    an APO shutdown, as usual.

    switch for one second to turn the transceiver back on after

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  • Page 30

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    SSB TRANSMISSION
    Basic Setup/Operation
    1. Press the
    /
    key so as to select either SSB (LSB/USB) mode. If you
    are operating on the 7 MHz or lower bands, select the LSB mode. If you are operating
    on the 14 MHz or higher bands, select the USB mode.
    2. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    (MTR) key to
    Function Row 9 [PWR, MTR] appears on the display, then press the
    select the “ALC” meter function (“alc” will appear at the right side of the “MTR” icon).
    3. Press the microphone’s PTT switch, and speak into the microphone in a normal voice
    while watching the meter. The ideal audio input level to the transmitter from the microphone will cause a few “segments” of indication on the ALC meter. Release the PTT
    switch to return to receive mode.
    4. If the ALC meter is too high, or too low, you may need to reset the Microphone Gain:
    Press and hold in the
    key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    Rotate the
    knob to recall Menu #46 (SSB MIC).
    Close the PTT switch, and while speaking into the microphone rotate the
    knob until the proper ALC indication is achieved on voice peaks.
    When done, press and hold in the
    key to save the new setting for the Microphone Gain.
    The [TONE] switch on the back of the MH-31A8J microphone provides adjustment of the microphone’s frequency response. Setting this switch to the “2” position will roll off some of the bass response, resulting in improved “talk power” in many
    instances. The “1” position is primarily used in countries like Japan, where vowel sounds
    are of critical importance in conveying information; in Western languages, consonant
    sounds (which are rich in high-frequency components) are frequently more important.
    Adjusting the Transmitter Power Output
    Four power levels are available on the FT-817ND: 5 Watts, 2.5 Watts, 1 Watt, and
    0.5 Watt. When using Alkaline batteries or the supplied FNB-85 Ni-MH Battery
    Pack, the microprocessor, detecting internal battery use, automatically sets the power
    level to 2.5 Watts, which appears on the display as “ ”. If you set the power to five
    watts, the power level icon is the same as for 2.5 Watt operation, but at 5 Watts the
    icon is blinking. For 0.5 Watt, there is one “bar” to the right of the “L” in the power
    icon, and for 1 Watt there are two “bars” displayed.
    The power level is easy to change:
    1. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob to select Operating
    Function Row 9 [PWR, MTR].
    (PWR) key, as needed, to set the desired power level. The icon
    2. Press the
    will change, based on the power level you have set.

    28

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  • Page 31

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    SSB TRANSMISSION
    VOX Operation
    The VOX system provides automatic transmit/receive switching based on voice input to the
    microphone. With the VOX system enabled, you do not need to press the PTT switch in
    order to transmit.
    1. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    Function Row 10 [VOX, BK, KYR] appears on the display.
    (VOX) key to activate the VOX circuitry. The “ ” icon will appear at the
    2. Press the
    right of the “VOX” indication.
    3. Without pressing the PTT switch, speak into the microphone in a normal voice level.
    When you start speaking, the transmitter should be activated automatically. When you
    finish speaking, the transceiver should return to the receive mode (after a short delay).
    (VOX) key. The “ ”
    4. To cancel VOX and return to PTT operation., again press the
    icon will disappear.
    5. The VOX Gain may be adjusted, so as to prevent accidental transmitter activation in a
    noisy environment. To adjust the VOX Gain:
    (VOX)
    While still in Operating Row 10 [VOX, BK, KYR], press and hold in the
    key for one second. This is a “hot key” feature which will instantly recall Menu #51
    (VOX GAIN).
    While speaking into the microphone, rotate the
    knob to the point where the
    transmitter is quickly activated by your voice, without causing background noise to
    activate the transmitter.
    When you have selected the optimum setting, press and hold the
    key for one
    second to save the new settings and return to normal operation.
    6. The “Hang-Time” of the VOX system (the transmit-receive delay after the cessation of
    speech) may also be adjusted via the Menu. The default delay is 1/2 second. To set a
    different delay time:
    Press and hold in the
    key for one second to activate the Menu mode.
    Rotate the
    knob to select Menu #50 (VOX DELAY).
    Rotate the
    knob while saying a brief syllable like “Ah” so as to set the desired
    delay time.
    When your adjustments are complete, press and hold in the
    key for one second
    to save the new setting and return to normal operation.
    The delay time for return to the receive mode is set independently on CW and
    voice modes; for CW, use Menu #17 (see next section).

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  • Page 32

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    CW TRANSMISSION
    Operation using Straight Key/External Keying Device
    When using a straight key, an external electronic keyer, or a computer-generated keying
    device, please follow the instructions in this section.
    1. Insert your key’s (three-conductor) plug into the rear-panel KEY jack.
    2. Press the
    /
    key, as needed, to select one of the CW (CW/CWR)
    modes.
    The “CW” mode utilizes USB-side carrier injection, while the CWR (Reverse)
    mode utilizes LSB-side injection.
    3. Press the
    key momentarily, then then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating Function Row 10 [VOX, BK, KYR] appears on the display.
    (BK) key, as needed, to activate “Semi Break-In” operation. The “ ”
    4. Press the
    icon will appear at the right of the “BK” indication.
    5. The CW hang time can be adjusted using Menu #17 (CW DELAY). To adjust the CW
    hang time:
    Press and hold in the
    key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    Rotate the
    knob to select Menu #17 (CW DELAY).
    Rotate the
    knob to select a longer or shorter delay time (default: 250 ms).
    This transceiver was not expressly designed for “full QSK” operation, the minimum
    (10 ms) setting of this Menu item (CW DELAY) will be very close to full break-in
    performance.
    When done, press and hold in the
    key for one second to save the new setting and
    exit to normal operation.
    If you are already in Operating Function Row 10 [VOX, BK, KYR], pressing
    (BK) key for one second will instantly select Menu #17
    and holding in the
    (CW DELAY).
    (BK) key to make
    6. To practice your CW sending (without transmitting), press the
    the “ ” icon disappear. Now, pressing the key will cause the CW sidetone to be heard,
    but your radio will not be transmitting a signal on the air.
    7. You can adjust the CW sidetone volume level via Menu #44 (SIDETONE). To adjust the
    CW sidetone volume level:
    Press and hold in the
    key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    Rotate the
    knob to select Menu #44 (SIDETONE).
    Rotate the
    knob to select a new level; on the arbitrary scale of “0” ~ “100,”
    the default value is “50.”
    When done, press and hold in the
    key for one second to save the new setting and
    exit to normal operation.

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    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    CW TRANSMISSION
    8. You also can adjust the CW sidetone pitch using Menu #20 (CW PITCH). This adjustment also controls the BFO offset (actual pitch of your transmitted signal relative to
    your current receive frequency). To adjust the CW sidetone pitch:
    Press and hold in the
    key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    Rotate the
    knob to select Menu #20 (CW PITCH).
    Rotate the
    knob to select a new pitch tone/BFO offset. The available offset
    range is 300 ~ 1000 Hz (default value is “700 Hz”).
    When done, press and hold in the
    key for one second to save the new setting and
    exit to normal operation.
    Because the CW Pitch corresponds to the actual pitch of your transmitted signal,
    the sidetone may be used in a “CW Spot” capacity. Just tune the pitch of the
    received signal to the same pitch as that of your transceiver’s sidetone, and you will be
    perfectly “zero beat” with the other station.
    The FT-817ND can generate a “CW Spot” tone; just press and hold in the
    key while
    in the CW mode.

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    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    CW TRANSMISSION
    Operation using Built-in Electronic Keyer
    The built-in Electronic Keyer provides a convenient method of generating CW. The Electronic Keyer includes weight and speed adjustments.
    1. Connect your keyer paddle’s cable to the KEY jack on the rear panel of the transceiver.
    2. Press the
    /
    key, as needed, to select the CW (CW/CWR) mode.
    3. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    Function Row 10 [VOX, BK, KYR] appears on the display.
    (KYR) key to activate the Electronic Keyer. The “ ” icon will appear at
    4. Press the
    the right of the “KYR” indication.
    5. The Keyer speed may be adjusted using Menu #21 (CW SPEED). To adjust the Keyer
    speed:
    Press and hold in the
    key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    Rotate the
    knob to select Menu #21 (CW SPEED).
    Press the
    knob if you wish to select display of “cpm” (characters per minute)
    instead of “wpm” (words per minute). The “cpm” selection is based on the international “PARIS” standard, which stipulates five characters per word.
    Rotate the
    knob, while sending, to set the desired sending speed.
    When done, press and hold in the
    key for one second to save the new setting and
    exit to normal operation.
    If you are already using Operating Function Row 10 [VOX, BK, KYR], press
    and hold in the [C](KYR) key to switch instantly to Menu #21 (CW SPEED).
    6. The Dot:Dash weighting ratio may be adjusted via Menu #22 (CW WEIGHT). To adjust
    the Dot:Dash weighting ratio:
    Press and hold in the
    key for one second to enter
    the Menu mode.
    Rotate the
    knob to select Menu #22 (CW
    WEIGHT).
    Rotate the
    knob to set the desired weight.
    When done, press and hold in the
    key for one second
    to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
    7. You may select “normal” or “reverse” paddle polarity via Menu #19 (CW PADDLE).
    The default setting for this feature is “normal,” whereby the “Tip” connection on the
    Key Plug is “Dot” and the “Ring” connection is “Dash.” To change the paddle polarity:
    Press and hold in the
    key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    Rotate the
    knob to select Menu #19 (CW PADDLE).
    Rotate the
    knob to select the new setting.
    When done, press and hold in the
    key for one second to save the new setting and
    exit to normal operation.

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  • Page 35

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    FM TRANSMISSION
    Basic Setup/Operation
    1.
    2.
    3.
    4.

    Press the
    /
    key so as to select the FM mode.
    Press the microphone’s PTT switch, and speak into the microphone in a normal voice.
    Release the PTT switch to return to the receive mode.
    If you get reports that your modulation level is too high or too low, you may need to
    adjust the FM-mode microphone gain. The procedure is similar to that used on SSB:
    Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operat(MTR)
    ing Function Row 9 [PWR, MTR] appears on the display, then press the
    key to select the “Deviation” meter function (“mod” will appear at the right side of
    the “MTR” icon).
    Press and hold in the
    key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    Rotate the
    knob to recall Menu #29 (FM MIC).
    Increase or decrease the setting of the FM Mic Gain, depending on the level correction required, then press and hold the
    key to save the new setting.
    Close the PTT switch, and while speaking into the microphone observe the meter
    indication; the proper setting of the FM Mic Gain will produce five “bars” of indication on voice peaks, slightly less on lower levels of speech input.
    When done, press and hold in the
    key to save the new setting for the FM-mode
    microphone gain.
    5. The VOX feature is operational during FM transmission. From Operating Function Row
    (VOX) key to activate/deactivate VOX.
    10 [VOX, BK, KYR], press the

    Repeater Operation
    1. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    Function Row 4 [RPT, REV, TON] appears on the display.
    (RPT) key to activate repeater operation. One press of the
    (RPT) key
    2. Press the
    will have set the transceiver for “Minus Shift” operation. In this situation, you will
    observe the “–” indicator on the display. The transmitter frequency will be shifted down
    by a default value so as to access the repeater input frequency. If your repeater uses a
    (RPT) key again; the “+” indicator
    positive shift (instead of negative), press the
    will replace the “–” indicator on the display.
    3. If the default repeater shift is not appropriate for your area, it may be set independently
    for each band. To change the repeater shifts:
    (RPT) key for one second. This instantly recalls Menu #42
    Press and hold the
    (RPT SHFT).
    Rotate the
    knob to select the desired shift frequency.
    When done, press and hold in the
    key for one second to save the new setting and
    exit to normal operation.

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    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    FM TRANSMISSION
    (TON) key to activate the CTCSS tone encoder, which provides a subaudible
    4. Press the
    (TON) key will activate the CTCSS tone
    repeater access tone. One press of the
    encoder. In this situation, you will observe the “ ” indicator on the display. If you
    (TON) key repeatedly, you will observe “
    press the
    ” (CTCSS Encode/Decode), followed by “
    ” (Digital Coded Squelch, Encode/Decode). One additional
    press will disable all repeater-access tone systems. See the next section for a discussion
    of DCS operation.
    5. If the default repeater access tone are not appropriate for your area, it also may be set
    independently for each band. To change the repeater access tone:
    (TON) key for one second. This instantly recalls Menu #48
    Press and hold the
    (TONE FREQ).
    Rotate the
    knob to select the desired CTCSS frequency.
    When done, press and hold the
    key for one second so save the new setting and
    exit to normal operation.
    6. Set the transceiver’s receiver to the repeater output (downlink) frequency.
    7. Close the PTT switch and speak into the microphone. You will observe that the trans(RPT) key.
    mitted frequency has shifted according to the setting of the
    8. Release the PTT switch to return to the Receive mode.
    9. With repeater shift activated, you can temporarily reverse the transmit and receive fre(REV) key. The “ ” icon will blink while “Reverse” shift
    quencies by pressing the
    (REV) key again to revert to the “Normal” shift direction.
    is activated. Press the
    10. When you are finished with repeater operation, you may wish to set the repeater shift to
    (RPT) key, and disable the CTCSS or DCS tone by presssimplex by pressing the
    (
    )
    ing the
    TON key.
    11. On many transceiver versions, the Automatic Repeater Shift (ARS) feature is enabled at
    the factory. This feature automatically activates the appropriate repeater shift when you
    are operating inside the designated 144 MHz or 430 MHz FM repeater sub-bands in
    your country. If you wish to change the settings for the ARS, use Menu #01 (144 ARS)
    or Menu #02 (430 ARS) (see page 60).
    If your local repeaters need a 1750-Hz burst tone for access (typically in Europe),
    press and hold in the front panel’s
    key to transmit the burst tone.

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    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    FM TRANSMISSION
    Tone Search Scanning
    In operating situations where you don’t know the CTCSS tone being used by another station, you can command the radio to listen to the incoming signal and scan in
    search of the tone being used.
    To scan for the CTCSS tone in use:
    1. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating Function Row 12 [TCH, DCH] appears on the display.
    (TCH) key to activate CTCSS Encoder/Decoder; (the “

    2. Press the
    icon will appear on the display) and start scanning for the incoming CTCSS
    tone.
    3. When the radio detects the correct tone, it will halt on that tone, and audio will be
    allowed to pass.
    (TCH) key for one second; the CTCSS tone detected
    4. Press and hold in the
    will be stored as the “current” tone, so it may be used for memory storage purposes, and you may now exit to normal operation.

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    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    FM TRANSMISSION
    DCS Operation
    Another form of tone access control is Digital Code Squelch, or DCS. It is a newer, more
    advanced tone system that is less susceptible to false triggering than CTCSS. A DCS Encoder/Decoder is built into your transceiver, and operation is very similar to that described
    above for CTCSS.
    1. Set the desired DCS code via Menu #23 (DCS CODE).
    2. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    Function Row 4 [RPT, REV, TON] appears on the display.
    (TON) key three times to activate the DCS Encoder/Decoder (the “
    3. Press the

    icon will appear on the display). The receiver will remain muted until a matching DCS
    code is received on an incoming signal.
    (TON) key once to cancel DCS operation (the “
    4. Press the
    ” icon will disappear).

    DSC Search Scanning
    In operating situations where you don’t know the DCS code being used by another
    station, you can command the radio to listen to the incoming signal and scan in
    search of the code being used.
    To scan for the DCS code in use:
    1. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Op[
    ]
    erating Function Row 12 TCH, DCH appears on the display.
    (DCH) key to activate DCS Encoder/Decoder; (the “
    2. Press the
    ” icon
    will appear on the display) and start scanning for the incoming DCS code.
    3. When the radio detects the correct code, it will halt on that code, and audio will
    be allowed to pass.
    4. Press and hold in the
    (DCH) key for one second; the DCS code detected will
    be stored as the “current” code, so it may be used for memory storage purposes,
    and you may now exit to normal operation.

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  • Page 39

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    FM TRANSMISSION
    ARTS

    TM

    (AUTO RANGE TRANSPOND SYSTEM) Operation

    The ARTSTM system uses DCS signaling to inform you when you and another ARTS™-equipped
    station are within communications range. This can be especially valuable during search-andrescue operations, as a base station can quickly use ARTS™ to alert a field unit that it is out of
    range; the field unit can then move to a better location to re-establish communications.
    1. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    Function Row 6 [SSM, SCH, ART] appears on the display.
    (ART) key to activate ARTS™ operation.
    2. Press the
    3. Your display will change to “out range” to indicate the beginning of ARTS™ operation. Every 25 seconds, your radio will
    transmit a “polling” call to the other station. When that station
    responds with its return ARTS™ polling signal, your display
    will change to “in range” to confirm reception of the response.
    ( ART ) key again (the “out range” or
    4. To cancel ARTS operation, press the
    “in range” indication will disappear from the LCD).
    The ARTS™ feature offers a choice of beep options to alert you to the current
    status of ARTS™ operation. Use MENU #09 (ARTS BEEP) on page 61 to select the
    beep option that is best for your operating needs.

    CW Identifier Setup
    The ARTS™ feature includes a CW identifier. When it is activated, the radio will send “DE
    (your callsign) K” in Morse code every ten minutes during ARTS™ operation.
    To program the CW IDer, use Menu #31 (ID), as described on page 64. And to activate the
    CW IDer, use Menu #18 (CW ID).

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    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    DIGITAL MODE OPERATION (SSB-BASED AFSK)
    The FT-817ND provides extensive capability for digital mode operation on the HF, VHF,
    and UHF bands. The use of AFSK (Audio Frequency-Shifted Keying) configurations allows a wide variety of different communication modes to be utilized. The Menu provides
    for specific digital mode selections, which include custom BFO offsets to optimize the
    receive and transmit passbands for the mode selected.
    Before beginning Digital operation, you need to define which Digital mode will be utilized.
    To do this, use Menu #26 as follows (in this example, we will set up RTTY as the Digital
    mode):
    1.
    2.
    3.
    4.

    key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    Press and hold in the
    Rotate the
    knob to select Menu #26 (DIG MODE).
    Rotate the
    knob to select “RTTY.”
    Press and hold in the
    key for one second to save the new setting and exit.

    Use this technique to set up any digital mode.

    RTTY (Radio TeleType) Operation
    The “RTTY” mode on the FT-817ND is based on LSB-side carrier injection, in accordance
    with long-standing amateur practice. If you need USB-side injection for your application,
    see the “User” mode discussion below.
    1. Connect your TNC (Terminal Node Controller) or terminal modem to the FT-817ND’s
    rear-panel DATA jack, per the illustration.
    2. Press the
    /
    key, as needed, to select the DIG mode (the “DIG” icon
    will appear on the display). Be certain to use the “TX Audio” line from your TNC, not
    an “FSK Key” line, for the transmit-data connection.
    3. Press the
    /
    key, as needed, to select the DIG mode (the “DIG” icon
    will appear on the display). You should now be able to tune around the band, and any
    RTTY signals heard should be capable of being decoded.

    Pin Label
    DATA IN

    Note
    Maximum Input Lebel: 1.0 V pp
    Impedance: 10 kΩ
    PTT
    Ground to Transmit
    DATA OUT Maximum Output Level: 300 mVpp
    Impedance: 10kΩ

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    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    DIGITAL MODE OPERATION (SSB-BASED AFSK)
    4. If the optional YF-122C 500 Hz filter has been installed, it may be used for RTTY
    (NAR) key
    work. Recall Operating Function Row 7 [IPO, ATT, NAR] then press the
    to engage the narrow filter.
    5. To set up the transmit side, be sure that the Meter is set to monitor ALC voltage. If not,
    press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob to select to select Operating
    (MTR) key so as to select metering of
    Function Row 9 [PWR, MTR], then press the
    ALC.
    key for 1/2 second to enter the MENU mode, then rotate the
    6. Press and hold in the
    knob to select Menu #25 (DIG MIC).
    7. Following the instructions for your TNC’s software, activate the transmitter from the
    computer keyboard; this should cause the AFSK output from the TNC to be sent to the
    radio. While transmitting, view the ALC meter; a few “dots” of ALC indication should
    be observed. If not, rotate the
    knob to adjust the AFSK level. Press and hold in
    the
    key for one second to save the new AFSK level setting and return to normal
    operation. You are now ready for RTTY operation.
    Because RTTY is a continuous-duty transmission mode, try to keep your transmission
    short when running on battery power, so as to minimize current drain.

    PSK31 Operation
    Two dedicated PSK31 modes are available, one each for USB-side and LSB-side injection.
    For BPSK work, the injection does not matter, but for QPSK the two working stations must
    use the same sideband.
    Connect the FT-817ND to your computer’s sound card or interface.
    Setup for PSK31 operation is basically identical to that previously described for RTTY
    operation. As before, use the “DIG” mode. However, in Menu #26, select “PSK31-L” (for
    LSB injection) or “PSK31-U” (for USB injection. As with RTTY, Menu #25 may be used to
    set the drive to the transmitter. And the YF-122C 500 Hz filter may also be utilized, as
    described previously.

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    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    DIGITAL MODE OPERATION (SSB-BASED AFSK)
    “USER” Defined Digital Modes
    Also provided in the FT-817ND are two convenient “USER” Digital modes, one each providing USB- and LSB-side injection, which may be used for SSTV, Fax, Pactor, and other
    digital operating modes.
    Here is an example involving the configuration of the USER mode for RTTY with USBside injection (as opposed to LSB injection, used in the default “RTTY” mode):
    1. Use Menu #26 to set the Digital mode to “USER-U.”
    2. Press the
    /
    key, as needed, to select the DIG mode (the “DIG” icon
    will appear on the display).
    3. Now use Menu #27 to configure the transceiver’s passband response. Once in the Menu
    mode, rotate the
    knob to select Menu #27 (DIG SHIFT), and rotate the
    knob
    to set the desired BFO offset (depending on how your TNC’s tones are set up). For
    typical high-frequency tone use, a setting of about “+2100” will be a good starting
    point.
    4. Finally, depending on how you wish the display to respond, you may program in a
    corresponding display shift, using Menu #24 (DIG DISP). Remember to press and hold
    in the
    key for one second when exiting the Menu mode.
    5. The setup of the AFSK drive level is identical to that described previously for RTTY
    operation.
    The USER-L and USER-U Digital modes should allow you to operate on any
    SSB-based AFSK Digital mode. Note that the “PSK31” configurations will also
    work well for many Digital operating situations.

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    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    PACKET (1200/9600 BPS FM) OPERATION
    The FT-817ND is designed for operation on either 1200 bps or 9600 bps packet, and setup
    is similar to that described previously for SSB-based modes. A separate Data input adjustment is provided, allowing you to optimize the deviation on the FM Packet modes separately from the SSB-based Digital modes. The RX-Data output lines are fixed-level outputs, not affected by the setting of the AF Gain control.
    1. Connect your TNC to the FT-817ND’s rear-panel DATA jack, per the illustration. Note
    that different connections are used for 1200 bps and 9600 bps Packet.
    2. Use Menu #40 (PKT RATE) to select the desired Packet mode. Once you have entered
    the Menu and have selected Menu #40, rotate the
    knob to select either “1200”
    or “9600” (bps) as the Packet rate.
    3. Press the
    /
    key, as needed, to select the PKT mode (the “PKT” icon
    will appear on the display).
    4. You are now set up for reception on Packet. If you are operating on 1200 bps, try now to
    connect to another station or node; you may well find that the drive level needs no
    further adjustment.
    5. If you are having trouble connecting due to insufficient or excessive drive from the
    TNC to the FT-817ND, use Menu #39 (PKT MIC) to set the drive. Use your terminal
    software’s “test” protocol to send out test tones, and adjust the deviation by rotating the
    knob, which will vary the data input level to the FT-817ND’s modulator. Remember to press and hold in the
    key for one second when adjustments are completed, so
    as to save the new setting for Menu #39.
    The 9600 bps Packet deviation setting is very critical to successful operation, and
    it can only be accomplished using a calibrated deviation meter; the optimum setting is usually ±2.75 kHz (±0.25 kHz). For 1200 bps, the optimum level is much less
    critical, with the optimum deviation being between ±2.5 kHz and ±3.5 kHz.

    Pin Label
    Note
    DATA IN Maximum Input Lebel: 40 mV pp @1200 bps
    1.0 V pp @9600bps
    Impedance: 10 kΩ
    PTT
    Ground to Transmit
    DATA OUT Maximum Output Level: 500 mVpp
    9600 bps Impedance: 10kΩ
    DATA OUT Maximum Output Level: 300 mVpp
    1200 bps Impedance: 10kΩ
    SQL
    SQL Open: +5V
    SQL Closed: 0V

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    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    AM TRANSMISSION
    The FT-817ND utilizes low-level amplitude modulation of an early stage for transmission
    purposes. This capability is primarily provided for emergency use only, as low-power operation typically utilizes more efficient transmission/reception modes.
    The AM carrier level is preset to 1.5 Watts during alignment at the factory, and should not
    require further adjustment. It is important to remember that AM transmission requires that
    power must be distributed among the carrier and voice sidebands; therefore, if excessive
    carrier power is used, there will be insufficient power available for the information-carrying voice sidebands.
    The AM microphone gain is preset at the factory to a value which typically provides good
    audio. If you need to modify the microphone gain in the AM mode, use Menu #05 (AM
    MIC). See page 60 for details.

    SPLIT FREQUENCY OPERATION
    This transceiver provides convenient split-frequency operation, using the VFO-A and VFOB, for DX working and other operating situations requiring unique split frequency pairs.
    The example below will describe a typical split-frequency DX situation on the 20-meter
    band, with a DX station transmitting on 14.025 MHz, listening 10 kHz higher in the band.
    1. Set VFO-A to 14.035.00 MHz CW (DX station’s listening frequency).
    2. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    Function Row [A/B, A=B, SPL].
    (A/B) key momentarily to select VFO-B.
    3. Press the
    4. Tune the VFO-B frequency to 14.025.00 MHz (DX station’s transmitting frequency).
    (SPL) key momentarily. The transceiver will now transmit using the VFO5. Press the
    ” icon will appear
    A frequency, and will receive using the VFO-B frequency. The “
    on the display.
    6. To listen to the pile-up calling the DX station (so as to align your frequency more closely
    (A/B) key to reverse the
    to that of the station being worked by the DX), press the
    VFOs. You will now be tuning in the vicinity of 14.035 MHz, and you can zero in on the
    DX station’s listening frequency by tuning in on the station in QSO with the DX. Press
    (A/B) key again to return to reception on the DX station’s frequency.
    the
    (SPL) key once more to cancel split operation; the “
    7. Press the
    ” icon will disappear from the display.

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    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    TIME-OUT TIMER
    Most often used on FM, the transmitter’s Time-Out Timer (TOT) feature disables the transmitter after a user-defined period of transmission. This feature may be useful in preventing
    a “stuck microphone” (accidental closure of the PTT switch) from causing interference to
    other users, and it will also force you to keep your transmission short, thereby conserving
    battery power.
    To activate the Time-Out Timer:
    key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    1. Press and hold in the
    2. Rotate the
    knob to recall Menu #49 (TOT TIME).
    3. The default setting for this feature is “off.” Rotate the
    knob to set a new time-out
    setting (from 1 minute to 20 minutes).
    4. When you have made your selection, press and hold in the
    key for one second to
    save the new setting and exit to normal operation.

    WEATHERFAX MONITORING
    Monitoring of HF WeatherFax broadcasts is easily accomplished using the FT-817ND.
    1. Before proceeding, be certain that the WeatherFax demodulator is properly connected
    to Pins 5 (DATA OUT 1200bps) and 2 (GND) of the rear panel DATA jack.
    2. Set the transceiver to the VFO mode, and set the operating mode to “DIG,” setting Menu
    #26 to PSK31-U, as described previously.
    3. Now, select the operating frequency of the station transmitting the WeatherFax broadcast. Note that, in the USB mode, the frequency you should program onto the display is
    typically 1.90 kHz below the station’s “assigned” frequency. Thus for a WeatherFax
    station assigned to 8.682.0 MHz, tune to 8.680.1 MHz.
    4. When the WeatherFax broadcast begins, no further operator intervention should be needed
    from the transceiver standpoint. The audio level from the DATA jack on the rear of the
    transceiver is fixed, and cannot be adjusted.
    Fine adjustments in the gray-scale and the frame alignment are accomplished using the
    computer and software connected to your WeatherFax demodulator.

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  • Page 46

    MEMORY OPERATION
    QMB CHANNEL
    QMB Channel Storage
    1. Tune in the desired frequency and set the operating mode and bandwidth. If this is an
    FM channel, set up any required CTCSS/DCS and repeater shift configurations.
    2. Press and hold in the
    key until a double “beep” is heard. The second beep provides
    audible confirmation that the data has been stored into the QMB memory.
    (A/B) key momentarily while in Operating Function Row 3 [STO,
    Pressing the
    RCL, PMS] will also store a frequency into the QMB register.

    QMB Channel Recall
    1. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    Function Row 3 [STO, RCL, PMS] appears on the display.
    (RCL) key momentarily to recall the QMB memory. “QMB” will appear
    2. Press the
    at the upper right corner on the LCD.
    (RCL) key once more to return to the previous frequency (either a VFO
    3. Press the
    frequency or a Memory channel).
    If you move the
    knob or
    knob while in the QMB mode, you can
    change frequencies as if you were in a “VFO” mode. You also can change operator
    key. When this is done, the “MTQMB”
    ing mode by pressing the
    (RCL)
    will appear in the display, where “MT” represents “Memory Tuning.” Press the
    key once more to return to the originally-stored QMB frequency.

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  • Page 47

    MEMORY OPERATION
    MEMORY OPERATION ON “REGULAR•EMEMORY CHANNELS
    Normal Memory Storage
    1. Tune in the desired frequency, and set the operating mode and bandwidth. If this is an
    FM channel, set up any required CTCSS/DCS and repeater shift configurations. Standard (default) repeater shifts do not require you to utilize the “split” frequency memory
    technique, described later.
    2. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    Function Row 2 [MW, MC, TAG] appears on the display.
    (MW) key momentarily to enter the “Memory Check” mode, which is
    3. Press the
    used to find an unused memory channel. The frequency stored (if any) on the current
    memory channel will be shown in the display.
    4. Rotate the
    knob to select the channel number on which you wish to store the
    current frequency data.
    (MW) key for one second until you hear a double beep; the
    5. Press and hold in the
    second beep confirms that the frequency information was successfully stored.

    Split-Frequency Memory Storage
    You can also store “Split” frequencies, such as when operating on a repeater system not
    utilizing a “standard” offset. This procedure may also be used for DX work on 7 MHz SSB, etc.
    1. In the VFO mode, set the desired Receive frequency and mode.
    2. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    Function Row 2 [MW, MC, TAG] appears on the display.
    (MW) key momentarily to enter the “Memory Check” mode, which is
    3. Press the
    used to find an unused memory channel. The frequency stored (if any) on the current
    memory channel will be shown in the display.
    4. Rotate the
    knob to select the channel on which you wish to store the receive
    frequency data.
    (MW) key for one second until you hear a double beep, which
    5. Press and hold in the
    confirms that the Receive frequency data is now stored.
    6. Now, set the desired Transmit frequency and mode on the VFO.
    (MW) key momentarily; do not rotate the
    7. Press the
    knob!
    8. While the “memory channel number” is blinking, press and hold in the PTT switch;
    (MW) key for one second. The double
    while holding it in, press and hold in the
    “beep” will confirm that independent Transmit frequency data is now stored. You may
    now release the PTT switch.
    In step 8 above, pressing the PTT switch does not activate the transmitter. It simply sends a signal to the microprocessor that an independent Transmit frequency
    is being stored on the same channel as a previously-stored Receive frequency.

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  • Page 48

    MEMORY OPERATION
    MEMORY OPERATION ON “REGULAR” MEMORY CHANNELS
    Memory Channel Recall
    1. If you currently are in the VFO tuning mode, press the
    key once to enter the
    “Memory” mode (a memory channel number “M-nnn” will appear on the display in she
    space previously occupied by “VFOa” or “VFOb”).
    2. To select another memory channel, turn the
    knob.
    3. When your memory channels are partitioned into Memory
    Groups via Menu #34, it is easy to change Memory Groups;
    [Memory Group “OFF”]
    press the
    knob momentarily (a Group Number (“a” ~ “j”)
    will blink), then turn the
    knob to step through the channels until you enter another. You may now press the
    knob
    once more to restrict memory channel access to the newly-se[Memory Group “ON”]
    lected Group.
    4. Once you are operating on a memory channel, you may tune off of the originally-memorized frequency (as though you were in the VFO mode). Just rotate the
    knob; the
    “Memory Channel Number” will be replaced by one which indicates “MTUNE,” indicating that you have now shifted into the “Memory Tuning” mode. When operating the
    Memory Tuning mode, if you find another frequency you wish to store into another
    (MW) key momentarily, select a new memory chanmemory channel, just press the
    (MW) key until you hear the
    nel via the
    knob, then press and hold in the
    double beep.
    key as follows:
    5. To exit the Memory Tuning mode, press the
    One touch of the
    key returns you to the original memory frequency.
    A second touch of the
    key will cause you to exit the Memory mode and return
    to the VFO mode (the memory channel number will be replaced by “VFOa” or
    “VFOb”).
    When operating on a “Split” frequency memory, a special “
    appear on the LCD.

    46

    ” indication will

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    MEMORY OPERATION
    MEMORY OPERATION ON “REGULAR” MEMORY CHANNELS
    Masking Memory
    Frequency data stored on a memory channel can be deleted, if desired, from any memory
    channel except channel “1.” The deletion process is not a “hard” erasure, so if you erase a
    channel by mistake using this procedure, the memory channel contents can be recovered.
    1. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    Function Row 2 [MW, MC, TAG] appears on the display.
    (MW) key momentarily, then rotate the
    2. Press the
    knob to select the memory
    channel to be deleted.
    (MC) key momentarily. The frequency display field on the LCD will go
    3. Press the
    blank, and the memory channel number will blink.
    4. Wait about three seconds; when the memory channel number stops blinking, the data
    will now be “masked” and will not be available for operation.
    5. To restore the masked frequency data, repeat the above steps. However, if you store new
    frequency information on a channel containing masked data, the masked data will be
    over-written and lost.
    6. Memory Channel 1 is used for Priority operation, and frequency information may only
    be over-written (not masked) on this channel.

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  • Page 50

    MEMORY OPERATION
    MEMORY OPERATION ON “HOME” CHANNEL MEMORIES
    Four Special one-touch “Home” channels are available, for special frequencies you use
    often. Either “simplex” or “split” frequency/mode data may be stored in the “Home” channel locations. Special “Home” channels are available for HF (any frequency between 1.8
    and 29.7 MHz), 50 MHz, 144 MHz, and 430 MHz.
    These memories may prove particularly useful for monitoring propagation beacons, providing one-touch recall of the beacon frequency for a quick check of band conditions.

    HOME Channel Storage
    1. Tune the desired frequency, and set the operating mode. If this is an FM channel, set up
    any required CTCSS/DCS and repeater shift configurations.
    2. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    Function Row 2 [MW, MC, TAG] appears on the display.
    (MW) key momentarily to enter the “Memory Check” mode.
    3. Press the
    key for one second. This stores the frequency data into the
    4. Press and hold in the
    “Home” channel location. As usual, you will hear a double beep to confirm the successful storage of the frequency data.
    5. If you wish to store a “Split” frequency pair into the “Home” channel, store the Receive
    frequency in steps 1 ~ 4 above. Now set the desired Transmit frequency.
    (MW) key momentarily.
    6. Once more, press the
    7. Press and hold in the microphone’s PTT switch; while holding the PTT switch, again
    key for one second. This stores the transmit frequency data into
    press and hold the
    the “Home” channel location.

    HOME Channel Recall
    1. Press the
    key momentarily to recall the Home Channel on the band group where
    you currently are operating (HF, 50 MHz, 144 MHz, or 430 MHz). The “HOME” indication will appear on the display.
    2. Press the
    key once more to return to the previously-used frequency (either a VFO
    frequency or a memory channel).

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    MEMORY OPERATION
    LABELING MEMORIES
    You may wish to append an alpha-numeric “Tag” (label) to a memory or memories, to aid in
    recollection of the channel’s intended use (such as a club name, etc.). This is easily accomplished using the Menu mode.
    1.
    2.
    3.
    4.
    5.

    Recall the memory channel onto which you wish to appended a label.
    key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    Press and hold in the
    knob to recall Menu #35 (MEM TAG).
    Rotate the
    Press the
    knob to enable the programming of the label.
    Rotate the
    knob to select the first character (number, letter, or symbol) in the name
    knob clockwise to move to the next character.
    you with to store, then rotate the
    6. Again rotate the
    knob to select the next number, letter, or symbol, then rotate the
    knob clockwise to move to the next character’s slot.
    7. Repeat step 6 as many times as necessary to complete the name tag for the memory, then
    key for one second to save the A/N (Alpha-Numeric) name
    press and hold in the
    entry and exit to normal operation.

    During Memory operation, press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating Function Row 2
    [MW, MC, TAG] appears on the display. Press the
    (TAG) key
    momentarily to activate the alpha-numeric Tag. Repeatedly pressing this key will toggle operation between “Frequency” display
    and “Tag” display.
    You can recall Menu #35 (MEM TAG) instantly by press(TAG) key for one second.
    ing and holding in the

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    [“Frequency” Display]

    [“Tag” Display]

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  • Page 52

    SPECTRUM SCOPE MONITOR OPERATION
    The Spectrum Scope Monitor allows viewing of operating activity on 5 channels above and
    5 channels below the current operating channel in the VFO mode.
    When the Spectrum Scope Monitor is activated, the display indicates the relative signal strength on channels immediately adjacent to the current operating frequency.
    Two basic operating modes for Spectrum Scope are available:
    CONT: In this mode, the transceiver sweeps the current band repeatedly until the Spectrum
    Scope is turned off.
    CHK: In this mode, the transceiver sweeps the current band one cycle every 10 seconds.

    Setting the Spectrum Scope Mode
    1.
    2.
    3.
    4.

    Press and hold in the
    key for one second to enter the Menu mode
    Rotate the
    knob to select Menu #43 (SCOPE).
    Rotate the
    knob to select the desired sweep mode (see above).
    When you have made your selection, press and hold in the
    key for one second to
    save the new setting and exit to normal operation.

    Activate the Spectrum Scope
    1. Set the transceiver to the VFO mode in the desired band.
    2. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    Function Row 6 [SSM, SCH, ART] appears on the display.
    (SSM) key momentarily to engage the Spectrum Scope.
    3. Press the
    4. When the Spectrum Scope is in operation, the relative signal strength of stations on
    channels immediately adjacent to the current frequency will be indicated on the display.
    (SSM) key once more.
    5. To disable the Spectrum Scope, press the
    The receiver’s audio output and S-meter are disabled when using the Spectrum
    Scope.

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  • Page 53

    SMART SEARCH™ OPERATION
    TM

    The Smart Search feature automatically stores frequencies where activity is encountered
    on the current band. When Smart SearchTM is engaged, the transceiver quickly searches
    above your current frequency, storing active frequencies as it goes (without stopping on
    them even momentarily). These frequencies are stored in a special Smart SearchTM memory
    bank, consisting of 50 memories. This feature available on the FM and AM modes.
    The Smart Search™ feature is especially helpful when traveling, as you can instantly store
    active FM repeater frequencies without having to look up the frequencies in a reference
    book.
    knob to the point where background noise is silenced. A typical set1. Set the
    ting, for effective Smart SearchTM operation, will be at 12 o’clock or slightly clockwise
    from this position.
    2. Set the VFO to the frequency on which you wish to begin the search (the Smart SearchTM
    feature is available on the VFO mode only).
    3. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    [
    ]
    Function Row 6 SSM, SCH, ART appears on the display.
    (SCH) key momentarily; the blinking “SRCH” indicator will appear
    4. Now press the
    on the LCD, and the transceiver will sweep upward on the current band, loading channels on which it encounters a signal strong enough to open the squelch.
    5. All channels where activity is present (up to 50 channels) will be loaded into the Smart
    SearchTM memories. Whether or not all 50 memories are filled, the search will stop after
    one sweep.
    6. Now you can turn the
    knob to select from the just-stored Smart SearchTM memories. If you find frequencies you wish to store into a “regular” memory, just follow the
    (SCH) key while storing these
    procedures described previously; just don’t press the
    memories, because this will disable Smart Search™ operation (see step 7).
    (SCH) key momentarily.
    7. To disable Smart SearchTM operation, press the
    The Smart Search™ memories are so-called “soft” memories; they will be lost if
    you initiate a new Smart SearchTM sweep of the band.

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  • Page 54

    SCANNING OPERATION
    This transceiver contains a wide variety of scanning capabilities. Whether you are in the
    VFO mode or one of the memory modes, scanning operation is fundamentally identical in
    all configurations, but with the following differences:
    In the VFO mode, scanning causes the transceiver to sweep up or down the band,
    pausing or halting on any signal encountered;
    In the Memory mode, the scanner will scan the programmed memories, and can be
    instructed to skip certain memories during scanning;
    In the Programmable Memory Scan (PMS) mode, the scanner will scan the band
    within user-programmed frequency limits.

    Scanning Operation
    1. Set the
    knob to the point where background noise is silenced. A typical setting, for effective scanning operation, will be at 12 o’clock or slightly clockwise from
    this position.
    2. Set the transceiver into the operating configuration in which you wish to scan (VFO or
    Memory; PMS will be described later).
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    8. Press the
    Function Row [SCN, PRI, DW].
    (SCN) key momentarily to start upward scan (toward higher frequencies
    3. Press the
    or higher memory channel numbers).
    4. Rotate the
    knob or
    knob counterclockwise to toggle the scanning direction
    downward.
    5. The scanner will now cause the transceiver to increment in the chosen direction until a
    signal is detected. When a signal is encountered which opens the Squelch, In the FM/
    AM modes, the scanner will pause until the signal disappears (at the end of the other
    station’s transmission), at which point scanning will resume. While the transceiver is in
    the “Pause” condition, the decimal points in the frequency display area will blink. See
    “Scan-Resume Choices” on the next page for details of how to customize the resumption of scanning, In the SSB/CW modes, the scanner will slow down (but doesn’t stop).
    6. Press the PTT switch on the microphone to cancel scanning.
    You may also press and hold in either the [UP] or [DWN] key on the microphone
    for 1/2 second to initiate upward or downward scanning, respectively, if Menu
    #37 (MIC SCAN) is set to “ON.”

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    SCANNING OPERATION
    Scan Skip Programming (Memory Mode Only)
    Among the memories you have programmed, there may be some stations which you do not
    wish to scan. For example, broadcast signals (which are transmitted continuously) will
    cause the scanner to stop, and such channels may be skipped so as to avoid this inconvenience.
    To remove a channel from the scanning loop:
    1. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    Function Row 2 [MW, MC, TAG] appears on the display.
    2. Recall the memory channel to be skipped.
    (MC) key momentarily. The “hyphen” in the
    3. Press the
    memory channel number will change to become a “dot”; this [Memory Skip “OFF”]
    shows that this channel now is not included in the scanning
    loop.
    4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 as many times as necessary to skip all the
    channels you do not wish to scan.
    [Memory Skip “ON”]
    5. Initiate memory scanning; you will observe that the channels
    you marked to be skipped are not included in the scanning loop.
    6. Press the PTT switch to stop the scan; you may now use the
    knob to step through
    the channels manually - one at a time - and you will observe that the “Skipped” channels
    are, nonetheless, available for recall by manual means.
    7. You may restore a previously-skipped channel to the scanning loop by selecting the
    (MC) key momentarily so that the “dot” changes
    channel manually, then pressing the
    to become a “hyphen.”

    Scan-Resume Choices
    Scanning operation requires that you have the transceiver’s audio squelched. The
    transceiver then “assumes” that the opening of the squelch corresponds to the discovery of a signal you may wish to listen to.
    Once the scan has been halted, the transceiver pauses on the signal and stays locked
    on its frequency for five seconds (default pause time). Thereafter, scanning will
    resume whether or not the other station’s transmission has ended. The scan resume
    interval can be set to 3/5/10 seconds, or off ( whereby scanning quits when a signal
    is received) via Menu #41 (RESUME); see page 66 for details.

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  • Page 56

    SCANNING OPERATION
    Programmable Memory Scan (PMS) Operation
    To limit scanning (or tuning) within a particular frequency range, you can use the Programmable Memory Scanning (PMS) feature, which utilizes special-purpose memory pair (“MPL” and “M-PU”). The PMS feature is especially useful in helping you to observe any
    operating sub-band limits which apply to your Amateur license class.
    PMS setup is simple to accomplish;
    1. Store the upper and lower frequency limits of the desired range into the PMS memory
    pair (“M-PL” and “M-PU”).
    2. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    Function Row 3 [STO, RCL, PMS] appears on the display.
    (PMS) key. The “PMS” indication will appear at the upper left corner of
    3. Press the
    the LCD, signifying that the PMS feature is engaged. Tuning and scanning are now
    limited within the range between the selected PMS memory pair, keeping operation
    inside this programmed range.
    Example: Limit tuning & scanning to the frequency range 144.300 - 148.000 MHz
    1. Press the
    key, as necessary, to recall the VFO mode. Tune the
    knob or
    knob to 144.300 MHz.
    2. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    Function Row 2 [MW, MC, TAG] appears on the display.
    (MW) key momentarily, then turn the
    3. Press the
    knob to select memory channel “M-PL.”
    (MW) key for one second to write the VFO frequency into
    4. Press and hold in the
    “M-PL.”
    5. Now, tune the
    knob or
    knob to 148.000 MHz).
    (MW) key momentarily, then turn the
    6. Press the
    knob to select memory channel “M-PU.”
    (MW) key for one second to write the VFO frequency into
    7. Press and hold the
    “M-PU.”
    8. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob one click clockwise to recall
    [
    ]
    Operating Function Row 3 STO, RCL, PMS .
    (PMS) key momentarily. Tuning and scanning are now limited to the
    9. Press the
    144.300 ~ 148.000-MHz range until you press the
    key to return to memory or
    VFO operation.

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    SCANNING OPERATION
    Note
    The frequency resolution for these sub-band limits is 100 kHz, although the channel
    resolution of the sub-band limit memories in whatever you have selected as the
    current step size. As a result, the frequencies stored in these special memories (M-PL
    and M-PU) are both rounded down to the nearest 100 kHz for their roles as sub-band
    limits. Therefore, in the above example, any frequency between 144.300 and 144.399
    MHz may be used to store a lower tuning limit of “144.300 MHz” in memory M-PL.

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  • Page 58

    DUAL WATCH OPERATION
    Dual Watch is similar, in some respects, to scanning. In Dual Watch, however, the transceiver monitors (squelched) on the VFO-A frequency while periodically checking VFO-B
    for activity (or vice-versa). A typical example might be for you to set VFO-A to 50.110
    MHz, watching for DX stations who might call CQ on that frequency, while periodically
    checking 28.885 MHz for stations reporting band openings on 6 meters.
    To activate Dual Watch:
    1. Set up transmit and receive operation on VFO-A, establishing your primary monitoring
    frequency. Set up the frequency to be checked periodically on VFO-B.
    2. Recall VFO-A, then rotate the
    control until the background noise is just silenced.
    3. Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob, as needed, until Operating
    Function Row 5 [SCN, PRI, DW] appears on the display.
    (DW) key momentarily to activate Dual Watch operation (the “DW” icon
    4. Press the
    will appear at the bottom left corner of the LCD.
    5. The transceiver will continue to monitor (squelched) on the current (VFO-A) frequency,
    but every five seconds will switch briefly to VFO-B frequency, looking for activity.
    6. If a station is detected on the VFO-B frequency, the transceiver will pause on the VFOB frequency (the decimal point in the frequency will blink).
    (DW) key again to cancel Dual Watch operation (the “DW” icon will
    7. Press the
    disappear).
    Note that pressing the PTT switch on the microphone does not cancel Dual Watch
    operation.

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    OPERATION ON ALASKA EMERGENCY FREQUENCY: 5167.5 KHZ (U.S. VERSION ONLY)
    Section 97.401(d) of the regulations governing amateur radio in the United States permit
    emergency amateur communications on the spot frequency of 5167.5 kHz by stations in (or
    within 92.6 km of) the state of Alaska. This frequency is only to be used when the immediate safety of human life and/or property are threatened, and is never to be used for routine
    communications.
    The FT-817ND includes the capability for transmission and reception on 5167.5 kHz under
    such emergency conditions via the Menu system. To activate this feature:
    1.
    2.
    3.
    4.

    Press and hold in the
    key for one second to activate the Menu mode.
    Rotate the
    knob to select Menu #28 (EMERGENCY).
    Rotate the
    knob to select “ON.”
    Press and hold in the
    key to exit the Menu mode.

    Emergency communication on this spot frequency is now possible:
    Press the
    key, as necessary, to enter the Memory mode, then rotate the
    knob
    to select the emergency channel (M-EMG), which is found between channels M-PU and
    M-001.
    Note that the receive-mode CLARIFIER functions normally while using this frequency, but
    variation of the transmit frequency is not possible. Activation of Menu #28 does not enable
    any other out-of-amateur-band capability on the transceiver. The full specifications of the
    FT-817ND are not necessarily guaranteed on this frequency, but power output and receiver
    sensitivity should be fully satisfactory for the purpose of emergency communication.
    If you wish to disable operation on the Alaska Emergency Frequency, repeat the procedure
    detailed above, but set Menu #28 to “OFF” in step 3 of the procedure.
    In an emergency, note that a half-wave dipole cut for this frequency should be approximately 45’3” on each leg (90’6” total length).
    Emergency operation on 5167.5 kHz is shared with the Alaska-Fixed Service. This transceiver is not authorized for operation, under the FCC’s Part 87, for aeronautical communications.

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  • Page 60

    MENU OPERATION
    The Menu System allows you to customize a wide variety of transceiver performance aspects and operating characteristics. Once you have gone through the various Menu
    customization procedures initially, you will find that you will not have to resort to them
    frequently during everyday operation.

    Menu Operation
    1. Press and hold in the
    key for one second. The Menu Item number and a brief title for
    the Menu Item will appear in the display.
    2. Rotate the
    knob to select the Menu Item you wish to work on.
    3. When you have chosen the desired Menu Item
    number, rotate the
    knob to change the
    value or condition for the Menu Item.
    4. When you have made your selection, press and
    key for one second to save the
    hold in the
    new setting and exit to the normal operation.
    In step (3) above, if you press the
    key momentarily, it will reset the setting
    of that Menu Item to its factory-default value.
    In step (4) above, if you press the
    key momantarily, you will exit to normal
    operation without saving the new setting.
    01

    Menu Item
    144 ARS

    02

    430 ARS

    03

    9600 MIC

    04

    AM&FM DL

    05
    06

    AM MIC
    AM STEP

    07

    ANTENNA

    08

    APO TIME

    09
    10
    11
    12
    13
    14
    15

    ARTS BEEP
    BACKLIGHT
    BATT-CHG
    BEEP FREQ
    BEEP VOL
    CAT RATE
    COLOR

    16
    17

    CONTRAST
    CW DELAY

    18

    CW ID

    58

    Function
    Activate/deactivate the Automatic Repeater Shift
    when operating on the 144 MHz band
    Activate/deactivate the Automatic Repeater Shift
    when operating on the 430 MHz band
    Adjust the audio input level from the TNC
    during 9600 bps Packet operation
    Enabling/disabling the
    knob
    on the AM and FM modes
    Adjust the microphone gain level for the AM mode
    Select the tuning steps
    for the
    knob on the AM mode
    Select the antenna connector to be used
    on each operating band (HF/50/144/430 MHz)
    Select the Auto Power Off time
    (time before power goes off)
    Select the ARTS beep mode
    Select the LCD lamp mode
    Select the battery charging time
    Select the beep frequency
    Select the beep volume
    Set the transceiver's circuitry for the CAT baud rate
    Select the illumination color for the LCD illumination

    Setting of the display contrast level
    Set the receiver recovery time
    during pseudo-VOX CW semi-break-in operation
    Enables/disables the CW identifier
    during ARTS operation

    Available Values
    OFF/ON
    OFF/ON

    Default
    1
    1

    0 ~ 100

    50

    ENABLE/DISABLE

    DISABLE

    0 ~ 100
    2.5/5/9/10/
    12.5/25kHz
    FRONT/REAR

    50
    1

    OFF/1h ~ 6h

    OFF

    OFF/RANGE/ALL
    OFF/ON/AUTO
    6 1/8/10/12 1 h (hours)
    440/880 Hz
    0 ~ 100
    4800/9600/38400 bps
    COLOR1 (Blue)/
    COLOR2 (Amber)/
    COLOR3 (Violet)
    1 ~ 12
    10 ~ 500 msec

    RANGE
    AUTO
    1
    880 Hz
    50
    4800 bps
    COLOR1

    OFF/ON

    OFF

    1

    5
    250 msec

    FT-817ND Operating Manual



  • Page 61

    MENU OPERATION
    19
    20

    Menu Item
    CW PADDLE
    CW PITCH

    Function
    Select the keyer paddle's wiring configuration
    Setting of the pitch of the CW sidetone, BFO offset,
    and CW filter center frequencies
    Set the sending speed for the built-in Electronic keyer

    21

    CW SPEED

    22
    23
    24

    CW WEIGHT
    DCS CODE
    DIG DISP

    25

    DIG MIC

    26

    DIG MODE

    27

    DIG SHIFT

    28

    EMERGENCY

    29
    30

    FM MIC
    FM STEP

    31
    32
    33
    34
    35
    36

    ID
    LOCK MODE
    MAIN STEP
    MEM GROUP
    MEM TAG
    MIC KEY

    37
    38
    39

    MIC SCAN
    OP FILTER
    PKT MIC

    40
    41
    42
    43
    44
    45
    46
    47
    48
    49
    50
    51
    52
    53

    PKT RATE
    RESUME
    RPT SHIFT
    SCOPE
    SIDETONE
    SQL/RF-G
    SSB MIC
    SSB STEP
    TONE FREQ
    TOT TIME
    VOX DELAY
    VOX GAIN
    EXTEND
    DCS INV

    Define the carrier frequency offset
    during DIG (USER-L or USER-U) mode operation
    Enable Tx/Rx operation on the Alaska Emergency Channel,
    5167.5 kHz (USA Version only)
    Adjust the microphone gain level for the FM mode
    Select the tuning steps for the
    knob
    on the FM mode
    Store your callsign into the CW identifier
    Select the operation of the front panel’s
    key
    Setting of the
    ’s tuning speed
    Enable/disable the memory grouping feature
    Store Alpha-Numeric “Tags” for the memory channels
    Enable/disable CW keying
    by the microphone’s [UP]/[DWN] keys
    Enable/disable scanning access
    Enable the optional filter (CW or SSB)
    Adjust the audio input level from the TNC
    during 1200 bps Packet operation
    Set the transceiver’s circuitry for the Packet baud rate
    Set the delay time for scanning resumption
    Set the magnitude of the Repeater Shift
    Select the Spectrum Scope mode
    Adjust the CW sidetone volume level
    Select the configuration of the front panel’s
    knob
    Adjust the microphone gain level for the SSB mode
    Select the tuning steps for the
    knob on the SSB mode
    Setting the CTCSS Tone Frequency
    Select the Time-Out-Timer time
    Set the “hang time” for the VOX circuitry
    Set the gain of the VOX circuitry's input audio detector
    Enable/disable the extended Menu Items (#53 ~ #57)
    Select “Normal” or “Inverted” DCS coding

    54
    55
    56
    57

    R LSB CAR
    R USB CAR
    T LSB CAR
    T USB CAR

    Set the Rx Carrier Point for LSB
    Set the Rx Carrier Point for USB
    Set the Tx Carrier Point for LSB
    Set the Tx Carrier Point for USB

    Set the Dot:Dash ratio for the built-in electronic keyer
    Setting the DCS code
    Define the displayed frequency offset
    during DIG (USER-L or USER-U) mode operation
    Adjust the audio input level from terminal equipment
    (such as a TNC or PSK-31 sound card)
    during DIG (Digital) mode operation
    Select the mode and sideband (if applicable)
    in the DIG (Digital) mode

    Available Values
    NORMAL/REVERSE
    300 ~ 1000 Hz

    Default
    NORMAL
    700 Hz

    4wpm ~ 60 wpm/
    20cpm ~ 300 cpm
    1:2.5 ~ 1:4.5
    104 Std DCS codes
    -3000 ~ +3000 Hz

    12 wpm
    (60 cpm)
    1:3.0
    023
    0 Hz

    0 ~ 100

    50

    RTTY/
    PSK31-L/PSK31-U/
    USER-L/USER-U
    -3000 ~ +3000 Hz

    RTTY

    OFF/ON

    OFF

    0 ~ 100
    5/6.25/10/12.5/15/
    20/25/50 kHz

    DIAL/FREQ/PANEL
    FINE/COARSE
    OFF/ON

    OFF/ON

    50
    2
    YAESU
    DIAL
    FINE
    OFF

    OFF

    OFF/ON
    OFF/SSB/CW
    0 ~ 100

    ON
    OFF
    50

    1200/9600 bps
    OFF/3/5/10 seconds
    0 ~ 99.99 MHz
    CONT/CHK
    0 ~ 100
    RF-GAIN/SQL
    0 ~ 100
    1/2.5/5 kHz
    50 Std CTCSS tones
    OFF/1 ~ 20 min
    100 ~ 2500 msec
    1 ~ 100
    OFF/ON
    Tn-Rn/Tn-Riv/
    Tiv-Rn/Tiv-Riv
    -300 ~ +300 Hz
    -300 ~ +300 Hz
    -300 ~ +300 Hz
    -300 ~ +300 Hz

    1200 bps
    5 sec
    2
    CONT
    50
    1
    50
    2.5 kHz
    88.5 Hz
    OFF
    500 msec
    50
    OFF
    Tn-Rn

    0 Hz

    0 Hz
    0 Hz
    0 Hz
    0 Hz

    1: Depends on transceiver version.
    2: Depends on operating band and transceiver version.

    FT-817ND Operating Manual

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  • Page 62

    MENU OPERATION
    Menu Item 01 [144 ARS]
    Function: Activate/deactivate the Automatic Repeater Shift when operating on the 144
    MHz band.
    Available Values: OFF/ON
    Default: ON (depending on transceiver version)
    Menu Item 02 [430 ARS]
    Function: Activate/deactivate the Automatic Repeater Shift when operating on the 430
    MHz band.
    Available Values: OFF/ON
    Default: ON (depending on transceiver version)
    Menu Item 03 [9600 MIC]
    Function: Adjust the audio input level from the TNC during 9600 bps Packet operation.
    Available Values: 0 ~ 100
    Default: 50
    Menu Item 04 [AM&FM DL]
    Function: Enabling/disabling the
    knob on the AM and FM modes.
    Available Values: ENABLE/DISABLE
    Default: DISABLE
    Menu Item 05 [AM MIC]
    Function: Adjust the microphone gain level for the AM mode.
    Available Values: 0 ~ 100
    Default: 50
    Menu Item 06 [AM STEP]
    Function: Select the tuning steps for the
    knob on the AM mode.
    Available Values: 2.5/5/9/10/12.5/25kHz
    Default: 5 kHz (depending on transceiver version)
    Menu Item 07 [ANTENNA]
    Function: Select the antenna connector to be used on each operating band (HF/50/144/430
    MHz).
    Available Values: FRONT/REAR
    Default: HF: REAR, 50/144/430 MHz: FRONT
    When select the REAR antenna connector, the “R” icon will appear on the display
    Menu Item 08 [APO TIME]
    Function: Select the Auto Power Off time (time before power goes off).
    Available Values: OFF/1h ~ 6h
    Default: OFF

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  • Page 63

    MENU OPERATION
    Menu Item 09 [ARTS BEEP]
    Function: Select the ARTS beep mode.
    Available Values: OFF/RANGE/ALL
    Default: RANGE
    OFF:
    No alert beeps sound; you must look at the display to determine current ARTS
    status.
    RANGE: A high tone beep will sound when the transceiver first detects that you are within
    range, and a low beep will sound when the other station goes out of range.
    ALL:
    A high tone beep will sound every time a polling transmission is received from
    the other station, and a low beep will sound once when the other station goes out
    of range.
    Menu Item 10 [BACKLIGHT]
    Function: Select the LCD lamp mode.
    Available Values: OFF/ON/AUTO
    Default: AUTO
    OFF: Disables the LCD lamp.
    ON:
    Illuminates the LCD lamp continuously.
    AUTO: Illuminates the LCD lamp for five seconds when any key is pressed.
    Menu Item 11 [BATT-CHG]
    Function: Select the battery charging time.0
    Available Values: 6/8/10 h or 8/10/12 h (hours) (depending on transceiver version)
    Default: 8 h or 10 h (depending on transceiver version)
    Menu Item 12 [BEEP FREQ]
    Function: Select the beep frequency
    Available Values: 440/880 Hz
    Default: 880 Hz
    Menu Item 13 [BEEP VOL]
    Function: Select the beep volume
    Available Values: 0 ~ 100
    Default: 50
    Menu Item 14 [CAT RATE]
    Function: Set the transceiver’s circuitry for the CAT baud rate to be used.
    Available Values: 4800/9600/38400 bps
    Default: 4800 bps

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  • Page 64

    MENU OPERATION
    Menu Item 15 [COLOR]
    Function: Select the illumination color for the LCD illumination.
    Available Values: COLOR1 (Blue)/COLOR2 (Amber)/COLOR3 (Violet)
    Default: COLOR1(Blue)
    Menu Item 16 [CONTRAST]
    Function: Setting of the display contrast level.
    Available Values: 1 ~ 12
    Default: 5
    Menu Item 17 [CW DELAY]
    Function: Set the receiver recovery time during pseudo-VOX CW semi-break-in operation.
    Available Values: 10 ~ 500 msec
    Default: 250 msec
    The recovery time may be adjusted in steps of 10 msec. A longer delay may be preferable if
    you pause frequently while sending.
    Menu Item 18 [CW ID]
    Function: Enables/disables the CW identifier during ARTS operation.
    Available Values: OFF/ON
    Default: OFF
    Menu Item 19 [CW PADDLE]
    Function: Select the keyer paddle’s wiring configuration.
    Available Values: NORMAL/REVERSE
    Default: NORMAL
    NORMAL: Keyer paddle polarity is normal. The “tip” plug connection produces dots, and
    the “ring” plug connection produces dashes.
    REVERSE: Keyer paddle polarity is inverted. The “tip” paddle produces dashes, and the
    “ring” paddle produces dots.
    Menu Item 20 [CW PITCH]
    Function: Setting of the pitch of the CW sidetone, BFO offset, and CW filter center frequencies.
    Available Values: 300 ~ 1000 Hz
    Default: 700 Hz
    The CW pitch may be adjusted in steps of 50 Hz.

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  • Page 65

    MENU OPERATION
    Menu Item 21 [CW SPEED]
    Function: Set the sending speed for the built-in Electronic keyer.
    Available Values: 4wpm ~ 60 wpm/20cpm ~ 300 cpm
    Default: 12 wpm (60 cpm)
    You can set the sending speed according to either of two units of speed (wpm: words per
    minute; cpm: characters per minute). To switch units between “wpm” and “cpm,” just press
    the
    knob.
    Menu Item 22 [CW WEIGHT]
    Function: Set the Dot:Dash ratio for the built-in electronic keyer.
    Available Values: 1:2.5 ~ 1:4.5
    Default: 1:3.0
    Menu Item 23 [DCS CODE]
    Function: Setting the DCS code.
    Available Values: 104 Standard DCS codes
    Default: 023

    DCS CODE
    023 025 026 031 032 036 043 047 051 053
    054 065 071 072 073 074 114 115 116 122
    125 131 132 134 143 145 152 155 156 162
    165 172 174 205 212 223 225 226 243 244

    Menu Item 24 [DIG DISP]
    Function: Define the displayed frequency offset during DIG (USER-L or USER-U) mode
    operation.
    Available Values: –3000 ~ +3000 Hz
    Default: 0 Hz

    245 246 251 252 255 261 263 265 266 271
    274 306 311 315 325 331 332 343 346 351
    356 364 365 371 411 412 413 423 431 432
    445 446 452 454 455 462 464 465 466 503
    506 516 523 526 532 546 565 606 612 624
    627 631 632 654 662 664 703 712 723 731
    732 734 743 754













    Menu Item 25 [DIG MIC]
    Function: Adjust the audio input level from terminal equipment (such as a TNC or PSK-31
    sound card) during DIG (Digital) mode operation.
    Available Values: 0 ~ 100
    Default: 50
    Menu Item 26 [DIG MODE]
    Function: Select the mode and sideband (if applicable) in the DIG (Digital) mode.
    Available Values: RTTY/PSK31-L/PSK31-U/USER-L/USER-U
    Default: RTTY
    RTTY:
    AFSK RTTY operation on the LSB mode
    PSK31-L: PSK-31 operation on the LSB mode
    PSK31-U:PSK-31 operation on the USB mode
    USER-L: User-programmed costume operation based on LSB mode
    USER-U: User-programmed costume operation based on USB mode
    In the USER-L and USER-U modes, you can define the display frequency offset
    and carrier frequency offset by menu Items #24 (DIG DISP) and #27 (DIG SHIFT).

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  • Page 66

    MENU OPERATION
    Menu Item 27 [DIG SHIFT]
    Function: Define the carrier frequency offset during DIG (USER-L or USER-U) mode
    operation.
    Available Values: –3000 ~ +3000 Hz
    Default: 0 Hz
    Menu Item 28 [EMERGENCY]: USA Version only
    Function: Enable Tx/Rx operation on the Alaska Emergency Channel, 5167.5 kHz.
    Available Values: OFF/ON
    Default: OFF
    When this Menu Item is set to “ON,” the spot frequency of 5167.5 kHz will be enabled. To
    get to this frequency, use the
    knob to navigate; the Alaska Emergency Channel will
    be found between the Memory channel “M-PU” and “M-001.”
    Use of this frequency is restricted to amateurs operating in (or within 92.6 km of)
    the U.S. State of Alaska, and it is to be used for emergency communications only
    (involving the immediate protection of life or property).
    Menu Item 29 [FM MIC]
    Function: Adjust the microphone gain level for the FM mode.
    Available Values: 0 ~ 100
    Default: 50
    Menu Item 30 [FM STEP]
    Function: Select the tuning steps for the
    knob on the FM mode.
    Available Values: 5/6.25/10/12.5/15/20/25/50 kHz
    Default: 5 kHz (depends on operating band and transceiver version)
    Menu Item 31 [ID]
    Function: Store your callsign into the CW identifier. Up to eight characters may be stored.
    The storage procedure is as follows:
    1. Press the
    knob momentarily to initiate callsign storage (an “under-bar” will
    appear below the first character location of the callsign).
    2. Rotate the
    knob to select the first letter/number of your callsign, then rotate
    the
    knob one click clockwise to save the first letter/number and move to the
    next entry position.
    3. Repeat the previous step as many times as necessary to complete your callsign.
    4. Press the
    knob to save your completed callsign and exit.
    Default: YAESU

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  • Page 67

    MENU OPERATION
    Menu Item 32 [LOCK MODE]
    Function: Select the operation of the front panel’s
    key.
    Available Values: DIAL/FREQ/PANEL
    Default: DIAL
    DIAL: Locks
    knob only
    FREQ: Locks front panel keys and knobs related to frequency control (such as
    (A/B) key., etc.)
    and
    key,
    PANEL: Locks all front keys and knobs (except
    key and
    key)
    Menu Item 33 [MAIN STEP]
    Function: Setting of the
    knob’s tuning speed.
    Available Values: FINE/COARSE
    Default: FINE
    You may choose between two speeds for the
    knob. Selecting “COARSE” doubles
    the tuning rate compared to the default value.
    Menu Item 34 [MEM GROUP]
    Function: Enable/disable the memory grouping feature
    Available Values: OFF/ON
    Default: OFF
    When this Menu Item is set to “ON,” the 200 “standard” memory channels are partitioned
    into ten Memory Groups, each holding up to 20 memory channels.
    Menu Item 35 [MEM TAG]
    Function: Store Alpha-Numeric “Tags” for the memory channels.
    Up to eight characters may be stored. The storage procedure is as follows:
    1. Recall the memory channel on which you wish to append a label.
    2. Recall this Menu Item [Menu #35 (MEM TAG)].
    knob momentarily to initiate storing of the Tag (an under-bar will
    3. Press the
    appear below the first character location).
    4. Rotate the
    knob to select the first character (number, letter, or symbol) in the
    name you with to store, then rotate the
    knob clockwise to move to the next
    character.
    5. Again rotate the
    knob to select the next number, letter, or symbol, then rotate
    the
    knob clockwise to move to the next character’s slot.
    6. Repeat step 5 as many times as necessary to complete the name tag for the memory.
    7. Press the
    knob to save the A/N (Alpha-Numeric) Tag and exit.

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  • Page 68

    MENU OPERATION
    Menu Item 36 [MIC KEY]
    Function: Enable/disable CW keying by the microphone’s [UP]/[DWN] keys.
    Available Values: OFF/ON
    Default: OFF
    When this Menu Item is set to “ON,” press the microphone’s [UP] key to send a “dot,” and
    press the microphone’s [DWN] key to send a “dash” (while the built-in electronic keyer is
    engaged).
    Menu Item 37 [MIC SCAN]
    Function: Enable/disable scanning access via the microphone’s [UP]/[DWN] keys.
    Available Values: OFF/ON
    Default: ON
    Menu Item 38 [OP FILTER]
    Function: Enable the optional filter (CW or SSB) path.
    Available Values: OFF/SSB/CW
    Default: OFF
    After installing the optional filter, set this Menu Item to define the signal path corresponding top the filter you have installed.
    Menu Item 39 [PKT MIC]
    Function: Adjust the audio input level from the TNC during 1200 bps Packet operation.
    Available Values: 0 ~ 100
    Default: 50
    Menu Item 40 [PKT RATE]
    Function: Set the transceiver’s circuitry for the Packet baud rate to be used.
    Available Values: 1200/9600 bps
    Default: 1200 bps
    Menu Item 41 [RESUME]
    Function: Set the delay time for scanning resumption.
    Available Values: OFF/3/5/10 seconds
    Default: 5 sec
    When this Menu Item set to “OFF,” the scanner stops (without restarting) until you press
    (SCN) key (or the microphone’s [UP]/[DWN] keys).
    the
    Menu Item 42 [RPT SHIFT]
    Function: Set the magnitude of the Repeater Shift.
    Available Values: 0 ~ 99.99 MHz
    Default: Depends on transceiver version, and the band in use.
    Each band’s repeater shift (HF/50/144/430 MHz) may be set independently.

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  • Page 69

    MENU OPERATION
    Menu Item 43 [SCOPE]
    Function: Select the Spectrum Scope mode.
    Available Values: CONT/CHK
    Default: CONT
    CONT: The Spectrum Scope sweeps continuously.
    CHK: The Spectrum Scope sweeps one cycle every 10 seconds.
    Menu Item 44 [SIDETONE]
    Function: Adjust the CW sidetone volume level.
    Available Values: 0 ~ 100
    Default: 50
    Menu Item 45 [SQL/RF-G]
    Function: Select the configuration of the front panel’s
    Available Values: RF-GAIN/SQL
    Default: Depends on transceiver version

    knob.

    Menu Item 46 [SSB MIC]
    Function: Adjust the microphone gain level for the SSB mode.
    Available Values: 0 ~ 100
    Default: 50
    Menu Item 47 [SSB STEP]
    Function: Select the tuning steps for the
    Available Values: 1/2.5/5 kHz
    Default: 2.5 kHz
    Menu Item 48 [TONE FREQ]
    Function: Setting the CTCSS Tone Frequency.
    Available Values: 50 Standard CTCSS tones
    Default: 88.5 Hz
    Menu Item 49 [TOT TIME]
    Function: Select the Time-Out-Timer time.
    Available Values: OFF/1 ~ 20 min
    Default: OFF

    knob on the SSB mode.

    CTCSS TONE FREQUENCY (Hz)
    67.0

    69.3

    71.9

    74.4

    77.0

    82.5

    85.4

    88.5

    91.5

    94.8

    79.7
    97.4

    100.0

    103.5

    107.2

    110.9

    114.8

    118.8

    123.0

    127.3

    131.8

    136.5

    141.3

    146.2

    151.4

    156.7

    159.8

    162.2

    165.5

    167.9

    171.3

    173.8

    177.3

    179.9

    183.5

    186.2

    189.9

    192.8

    196.6

    199.5

    203.5

    206.5

    210.7

    218.1

    225.7

    229.1

    233.6

    241.8

    250.3

    254.1









    Menu Item 50 [VOX DELAY]
    Function: Set the “hang time” for the VOX circuitry.
    Available Values: 100 ~ 2500 msec
    Default: 500 msec

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  • Page 70

    MENU OPERATION
    Menu Item 51 [VOX GAIN]
    Function: Set the gain of the VOX circuitry’s input audio detector.
    Available Values: 1 ~ 100
    Default: 50
    Menu Item 52 [EXTEND]
    Function: Enable/disable the extended Menu Items (#53 ~ #57).
    Available Values: OFF/ON
    Default: OFF
    Menu Item 53 [DCS INV]
    Function: Select “Normal” or “Inverted” DCS coding.
    Available Values: Tn-Rn/Tn-Riv/Tiv-Rn/Tiv-Riv
    Default: Tn-Rn
    “n” = “normal
    “iv” = “inverted”
    Menu Item 54 [R LSB CAR]
    Function: Set the Rx Carrier Point for LSB
    Available Values: –300 ~ +300 Hz
    Default: 0 Hz
    Menu Item 55 [R USB CAR]
    Function: Set the Rx Carrier Point for USB
    Available Values: –300 ~ +300 Hz
    Default: 0 Hz
    Menu Item 56 [T LSB CAR]
    Function: Set the Tx Carrier Point for LSB
    Available Values: –300 ~ +300 Hz
    Default: 0 Hz
    Menu Item 57 [T USB CAR]
    Function: Set the Tx Carrier Point for USB
    Available Values: –300 ~ +300 Hz
    Default: 0 Hz

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  • Page 71

    CLONING
    You can transfer all data stored in one transceiver to another set by utilizing the handy
    “Cloning” feature. This requires a user-constructed cloning cable which connects the ACC
    jacks on the two transceivers as shown below.
    To clone from one transceiver to another, use the following procedure:
    1. Insert the Clone Cable into the ACC jack of each transceiver.
    2. Turn both transceivers off, then press and hold in the
    and
    keys on each radio while turning the power on
    again. The “CLONE MODE” notation will appear on the display.
    key.
    3. On the “destination” radio, press the
    4. Now, on the “source” radio, press the
    key. Data will now
    be transferred to the “Destination” radio from the “Source” radio.
    5. If there is a problem during the cloning process, “Error” will be
    displayed. Check your cable connections and try again.
    6. If cloning is successful, turn the “destination” radio off. Now
    turn the “source” radio off.

    [Distination radio]

    [Source radio]

    Remove the clone cable. Channel and operating data for both radios are now identical.
    They both may be turned on now for normal operation.

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  • Page 72

    CAT SYSTEM PROGRAMMING
    The FT-817ND’s CAT System allows the transceiver to be controlled by a personal computer. This allows multiple control operations to be fully automated as a single mouse click,
    or it allows a third-party software package (such as contest logging software) to communicate with the FT-817ND without (redundant) operator intervention.
    The Optional CAT Interface Cable CT-62 is a connection cable for the FT-817ND and
    your computer. The CT-62 has a built-in level converter, allowing direct connection from
    the rear panel ACC jack to the serial port of your computer, without the need for an external
    RS-232C level converter box.
    Vertex Standard does not produce CAT System operating software, due to the wide variety of personal computers, operating systems, and applications in use today. However, the
    FT-817ND (and other Yaesu products) are widely supported by third-party software packages, and we recommend that you contact your dealer for advice, or check advertisements
    in amateur radio journals. Most software vendors also have Home Pages on the World Wide
    Web which contain a wealth of information on the features and radio support for their
    software packages.
    The information presented in this section will allow the programmer to understand the
    command structure and opcodes used in the FT-817ND’s CAT System.

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  • Page 73

    CAT SYSTEM PROGRAMMING
    CAT Data Protocol
    All commands sent from the computer to the transceiver consist of five-byte blocks, with
    up to 200 ms between each byte. The last byte in each block is the instruction opcode, while
    the first four bytes of each block are arguments (either parameters for that instruction, or
    dummy values required to pad the block out to five bytes). Each byte consists of 1 start bit,
    8 data bits, no parity bit, and two stop bits.

    CAT DATA BYTE FORMAT

    CAT 5-BYTE COMMAND STRUCTURE

    There are 17 instruction opcodes for the FT-817ND, listed in the chart on next page. Many
    of these opcodes are On/Off toggle commands for the same action (e.g. “PTT On” and
    “PTT Off.” Most of these commands require some parameter or parameters to be set. Irrespective of the number of parameters present, every Command Block sent must consist of
    five bytes.
    Accordingly, any CAT control program must construct the five-byte block by selecting
    the appropriate instruction opcode, organizing the parameters as needed, and providing
    unused “dummy” Eargument bytes to pad the block to its required five-byte length (the
    dummy bytes can contain any value). The resulting five bytes are then sent, opcode last,
    from the computer to the FT-817ND CPU via the computer’s serial port and the transceiver’s
    ACC jack.
    All CAT data values are hexadecimal.

    Constructing and Sending CAT Commands
    Example #1: Set the VFO frequency to 439.70 MHz
    Per the CAT command table, the opcode for “Set Frequency” is 01. Placing the opcode
    into the 5th data bit position, we then enter the frequency into the first four data bit
    positions:
    DATA 1
    DATA 2
    DATA 3
    DATA 4
    DATA 5
    43
    97
    00
    00
    01
    Parameter
    Command
    Send these five bytes to the transceiver, in the order shown above.
    Example #2: Turn the Split Mode “On”
    Per the CAT command table, the opcode for “Split On/off” is 02. Placing the opcode
    into the 5th data bit position, we then enter dummy values into all other parameter
    locations:
    DATA 1
    DATA 2
    DATA 3
    DATA 4
    DATA 5
    00
    00
    00
    00
    02
    Dummy Data
    Command

    FT-817ND Operating Manual

    71



  • Page 74

    CAT SYSTEM PROGRAMMING
    OPCODE COMMAND CHART
    Command Title

    Parameter

    Opcode

    LOCK ON/OFF

    CMD

    PTT ON/OFF

    CMD

    Notes
    CMD = 00: LOCK ON
    CMD = 80: LOCK OFF
    CMD = 08: PTT ON
    CMD = 88: PTT OFF

    Set Frequency

    P1

    Operating Mode

    P1

    P2

    P3

    P4

    CLAR ON/OFF

    01

    P1 ~ P4 Frequency Digits
    01, 42, 34, 56, [01] = 14.23456 MHz

    07

    P1 = 00: LSB,

    CMD

    P1 = 01: USB,

    P1 = 02: CW,

    P1 = 03: CWR,

    P1 = 04: AM,

    P1 = 08: FM,

    P1 = 0A: DIG,

    P1 = 0C: PKT

    CMD = 05: CLAR ON
    CMD = 85: CLAR OFF

    CLAR Frequency

    P1

    P3

    P4

    F5

    P1 = 00: “+” OFFSET
    P1 ≠ 00: “–” OFFSET
    P3, P4: CLAR Frequency
    12, 34 = 12.34 kHz

    VFO-A/B

    81

    SPLIT ON/OFF

    CMD

    Toggle
    CMD = 02: SPLIT ON
    CMD = 82: SPLIT OFF

    Repeater Offset

    P1

    09

    P1 = 09: “–” SHIFT
    P1 = 49: “+” SHIFT
    P1 = 89: SIMPLEX

    Repeater Offset

    P1

    CTCSS/DCS Mode

    P1

    P2

    P3

    P4

    F9

    P1 ~ P4 Frequency Digits
    05, 43, 21, 00, [F9] = 5.4321 MHz

    0A

    P1 = 0A: DCS ON
    P1 = 2A: CTCSS ON
    P1 = 4A: ENCODER ON
    P1 = 8A: OFF

    CTCSS Tone

    P1

    P2

    0B

    P1 ~ P2: CTCSS Tone Frequency (Note 1)

    DCS Code

    P1

    P2

    0C

    P1 ~ P2: DCS Code (Note 2)

    Read RX Status

    E7

    (Note 3)

    Read TX Status

    F7

    (Note 4)

    Read Frequency & Mode Status

    03

    (Note 5)

    POWER ON/OFF

    CMD

    CMD = 0F: POWER ON (Note 6)
    CMD = 8F: POWER OFF

    72

    FT-817ND Operating Manual



  • Page 75

    CAT SYSTEM PROGRAMMING
    Note 1: CTCSS Tone

    Note 2: DCS Code

    CTCSS TONE FREQUENCY (Hz)
    67.0

    69.3

    71.9

    74.4

    77.0

    DCS CODE
    79.7

    023 025 026 031 032 036 043 047 051 053

    82.5

    85.4

    88.5

    91.5

    94.8

    97.4

    054 065 071 072 073 074 114 115 116 122

    100.0

    103.5

    107.2

    110.9

    114.8

    118.8

    125 131 132 134 143 145 152 155 156 162

    123.0

    127.3

    131.8

    136.5

    141.3

    146.2

    165 172 174 205 212 223 225 226 243 244

    151.4

    156.7

    159.8

    162.2

    165.5

    167.9

    245 246 251 252 255 261 263 265 266 271

    171.3

    173.8

    177.3

    179.9

    183.5

    186.2

    274 306 311 315 325 331 332 343 346 351

    189.9

    192.8

    196.6

    199.5

    203.5

    206.5

    356 364 365 371 411 412 413 423 431 432

    210.7

    218.1

    225.7

    229.1

    233.6

    241.8

    445 446 452 454 455 462 464 465 466 503

    250.3

    254.1









    506 516 523 526 532 546 565 606 612 624

    P1, P2: CTCSS Tone Frequency
    P1 P2
    08 85 = 88.5 Hz

    627 631 632 654 662 664 703 712 723 731
    732 734 743 754













    P1, P2: DCS Code
    P1 P2
    00 23 = 023

    Note 3: Read RX Status

    Note 4: Read TX Status

    Note 5: Read Frequency & Mode Status

    Note 6: POWER ON/OFF
    Do not use this command when using Alkaline batteries or the supplied FNB-85 Ni-MH battery Pack.
    Send a 5-byte dummy data (such as “00, 00, 00,
    00, 00”) first, when send this command.

    FT-817ND Operating Manual

    73



  • Page 76

    INSTALLATION OF OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
    OPTIONAL FILTERS YF-122S/YF-122C/YF-122CN
    1. Turn the transceiver’s power off by pressing and holding in the
    switch for 1/2
    second, then remove the FBA-28 Battery Case or FNB-85 Ni-MH Battery Pack from
    the transceiver. Additionally, disconnect the DC cable from the INPUT: 13.8V jack
    on the rear panel of the transceiver, when operating the FT-817ND with a DC power
    supply.
    2. Referring to Figure 1, remove the shoulder belt bracket and its two screws from both
    side of the transceiver, then remove the five screws affixing the top case of the transceiver, and remove the top case; disconnect the speaker’s connector when you remove
    the top case.
    3. Refer to Figure 2 for the mounting locations for the optional filters. Position the filter so
    that its connectors are aligned with the mounting pins on the board, and push it into
    place.
    4. Replace the top case (remember to replace the internal speaker’s plug), and connect the
    FBA-28 Battery Case or FNB-85 Ni-MH Battery Pack (and/or attach the DC power
    supply), and turn the transceiver on by pressing and holding in the
    switch.
    5. Change the setting of Menu #38 (OP FILTER) to “SSB” (if installing the YF-122S), or
    “CW” (for the YF-122C/YF-122CN).
    6. Filter installation is now complete.

    Speaker's Connector

    YF-122S/YF-122C/YF-122CN
    Mounting Location

    MODE

    BAND
    DWN

    Figure 1

    74

    HF/VHF/UHF A LL MODE TRA NSCEIVER
    UP

    TRA NSMIT/BUSY

    Figure 2

    FT-817ND Operating Manual



  • Page 77

    INSTALLATION OF OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
    OPTIONAL HIGH-STABILITY REFERENCE OSCILLATOR TCXO-9
    The TCXO-9 provides high stability over a wide range of ambient temperatures, so as to
    enhance digital-mode operating.
    switch for 1/2
    1. Turn the transceiver’s power off by pressing and holding in the
    second, then remove the FBA-28 Battery Case or FNB-85 Ni-MH Battery Pack from
    the transceiver. Additionally, disconnect the DC cable from the INPUT: 13.8V jack
    on the rear panel of the transceiver, when operating the FT-817ND with a DC power
    supply.
    2. Referring to Figure 1, remove the shoulder belt bracket and its two screws from both
    side of the transceiver, then remove the five screws affixing the top case of the transceiver, and remove the top case; disconnect the speaker’s connector when you remove
    the top case.
    3. Referring to Figure 3, locate the factory-installed REF UNIT on the board. Remove the
    factory-installed REF UNIT from the board, then position the TCXO-9 so that its connectors are aligned with the mounting pins on the board, and push it into place.
    4. Replace the top case (remember to replace the internal speaker’s plug), and connect the
    FBA-28 Battery Case or FNB-85 Ni-MH Battery Pack (and/or attach the DC power
    supply).
    5. TCXO-9 installation is now complete.

    Figure 3

    FT-817ND Operating Manual

    75



  • Page 78

    POWER-ON MICROPROCESSOR RESET PROCEDURE
    Some or all transceiver settings can be reset to their factory-default states using one of the
    following power-on routines:
    + POWER on: Reset all memories and following menu setting to factory-default.
    Menu #06 (AM STEP), 23 (DCS CODE), 30 (FM STEP), 35 (MEM TAG), 42 (RPT SHIFT),
    47 (SSB STEP), and 48 (TONE FREQ).
    + POWER on: Reset all menu setting (except following menu) to factory-default.
    Menu #06 (AM STEP), 23 (DCS CODE), 30 (FM STEP), 35 (MEM TAG), 42 (RPT SHIFT),
    47 (SSB STEP), and 48 (TONE FREQ).
    + POWER on: CPU master reset for all memories and menu setting.

    76

    FT-817ND Operating Manual



  • Page 79

    APPENDIX
    SETUP OF MEMORIES FOR LOW EARTH ORBIT (LEO) FM SATELLITE OPERATION
    Although the FT-817ND is not capable of “full duplex” operation (simultaneous transmission and reception), its flexible memory system is ideal for configuring a set of memories
    for LEO satellite work.
    The example at the right is designed around
    the popular satellite UO-14, but the same
    principles apply to operation using AO-27,
    SO-35, and other such satellites.
    First, set up a table of the required operating frequencies. For UO-14, a typical setup
    table is shown at the right:

    CH #

    RX FREQ

    TX FREQ

    NOTES

    1
    435.080 MHz 145.9700 MHz
    AOS
    2
    435.075 MHz 145.9725 MHz
    3
    435.070 MHz 145.9750 MHz Mid Pass
    4
    435.065 MHz 145.9775 MHz
    5
    435.060 MHz 145.9800 MHz
    LOS
    AOS = Acquisition of Signal (Beginning of Pass)
    LOS = Loss of Signal (End of Pass)

    The above frequencies are nominal, and the changing frequencies reflects the Doppler Shift
    which occurs on such satellites, which display rapid apparent motion relative to an earthbased observer. But if we can accommodate a set of several frequency pairs in our memory
    system, frequencies that reflect the frequency relationships encountered during a typical
    pass, we will have a good chance of having our frequencies properly aligned when it is time
    for making a QSO.
    So we need to store the above frequency matrix into memories. Note that the receiving
    frequency and transmitting frequency are on different bands. Therefore, we will use the
    “Split Frequency Memory” storage technique described on page 43.
    First, press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob to select Operating Func(A/B) key, if necessary, to select VFOa.
    tion Row 1 [A/B, A=B, SPL]. Press the
    Now press the
    or
    key to select the 70 cm band. Check the setting
    of Menu #04 (AM&FM DL). and set this to “ENABLE” to allow smaller frequency increments to be accommodated.
    (A/B) key in
    Set the VFOa operating frequency to 435.080.00 MHz. Now press the
    Operating Function Row 1 to select VFOb, and set VFOb to 145.970.00 MHz. Again press
    (A/B) key to return to VFOa. Be sure that both VFOs are set to the FM mode, as
    the
    well.
    Press the
    key momentarily, and rotate the
    Operating Function Row 2 [MW, MC, TAG].

    knob one click clockwise to select

    (MW) key momentarily, then rotate the
    Press the
    knob while the memory chan(MW)
    nel number is blinking; select memory channel M-001, then press and hold in the
    key until you hear the double beep. We have just stored the first downlink (earth station
    receiving) frequency into memory.

    FT-817ND Operating Manual

    77



  • Page 80

    APPENDIX
    SETUP OF MEMORIES FOR LOW EARTH ORBIT (LEO) FM SATELLITE OPERATION
    Press the
    key momentarily, then rotate the
    knob one click counter-clockwise to
    (A/B) key to select
    re-select Operating Function Row 1 [A/B, A=B, SPL]. Press the
    VFOb (145.970 MHz).
    Again press the
    key momentarily, and rotate the
    knob one click clockwise to re(MW) key momentarily;
    select Operating Function Row 2 [MW, MC, TAG]. Press the
    the “M-001” indicator will flash; press and hold in the microphone’s PTT key, and while
    (MW) key until you hear the double beep. You have now stored
    holding it in press the
    the uplink (earth station transmitting) frequency into the same memory register as we did
    previously for the downlink frequency.
    It’s now time to store the other frequencies in the matrix. Return to Operating Function
    (A/B) key to return to VFOa on 435.080.00
    Row 1 [A/B, A=B, SPL], and press the
    (A/
    MHz. Now rotate the
    knob to set the frequency to 435.075.00 MHz. Press the
    knob to set the frequency
    B) key again to select VFOb (145.970 MHz), and rotate the
    (A/B) key to return to VFOa on 435.075.00 MHz.
    to 145.972.50 MHz. Press the
    Return to Operating Function 2 [MW, MC, TAG], and repeat the Split Memory storage
    process, selecting memory channel M-002 this time when initially storing the 435.075
    MHz receiving frequency.
    Now repeat this entire process three more times, filling memory channels M-003, M-004,
    and M-005 with the frequencies shown in the chart above.
    key, if necessary, to recall the Memory mode, and
    When it’s time to operate, press the
    rotate the
    knob to select channel M-001. This will be the first frequency pair to be
    utilized during the UO-14 window of workability when it rises above your local horizon.
    The Doppler effect will cause the nominal 435.070 MHz downlink frequency to appear
    higher to you, so utilize memory channel M-001 when the satellite first rises. A few minutes later, switch to M-002, and at mid-pass switch to M-003. As the satellite recedes,
    switch to M-004 and then M-005 toward the end of the pass.
    The
    knob recall of these five channels makes Doppler tracking simple; just choose
    the memory channel producing the best signal! You have already programmed an uplink
    frequency corresponding to the optimum downlink frequency, so you will not need to try to
    make difficult VFO adjustments during the brief satellite passes.
    The FM passbands used on LEO satellites are sufficiently broad that more precise frequency adjustment is not needed.
    To aid in channel identification, remember that you can use Menu #35 (MEM TAG) to label
    each satellite memory (for example, “UO-14a” ~ “UO-14e” for the above five channels).

    78

    FT-817ND Operating Manual



  • Page 81

    APPENDIX
    SETUP OF MEMORIES FOR LOW EARTH ORBIT (LEO) FM SATELLITE OPERATION
    A complete set of frequencies may be stored for each LEO satellite you wish to utilize, and
    once configured, the FT-817ND provides a flexible and easy-to-use earth station capability
    for these popular satellites.

    FT-817ND Operating Manual

    79



  • Page 82

    APPENDIX
    BAND DATA FORMAT
    The FT-817ND BAND DATA Format (available on the ACC jack) is presented below. The
    BAND DATA line provides a stepped voltage, which denotes the current operating band.
    This data may be interpreted by an external device (such as an antenna switch or amplifier)to
    provide automatic band switching.
    BAND
    1.8 MHz
    3.5 MHz
    7 MHz

    LEVEL
    0.33 V
    0.67 V
    1.00 V

    BAND
    10 MHz
    14 MHz
    18 MHz

    LEVEL
    1.33 V
    1.67 V
    2.00 V

    BAND
    21 MHz
    24.5 MHz
    28 MHz

    LEVEL
    2.33 V
    2.67 V
    3.00 V

    BAND
    50 MHz
    144 MHz
    430 MHz

    LEVEL
    3.33 V
    3.67 V
    4.00 V

    Use shielded cable for interconnections to external devices, so as to prevent RF interference.

    80

    FT-817ND Operating Manual



  • Page 83

    1. Changes or modifications to this device not expressly approved by VERTEX
    STANDARD could void the user’s authorization to operate this device.
    2. This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to
    the following two conditions; (1) This device may not cause harmful
    interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference including
    received, interference that may cause undesired operation.
    3. The scanning receiver in this equipment is incapable of tuning, or readily
    being altered, by the User to operate within the frequency bands allocated
    to the Domestic public Cellular Telecommunications Service in Part 22.
    This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada. Operation is subject
    to the following two conditions; (1) this device may not cause interference, and
    (2) this device must accept any interference, including interference that may
    cause undesirable operation of the device.
    WARNING: MODIFICATION OF THIS DEVICE TO RECEIVE CELLULAR
    RADIOTELEPHONE SERVICE SIGNALS IS PROHIBITED UNDER FCC RULES
    AND FEDERAL LAW.



  • Page 84

    Copyright 2011
    VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
    All rights reserved.

    No portion of this manual
    may be reproduced
    without the permission of
    VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.

    Printed in Japan
    E

    1

    3

    7

    7

    1

    0

    0

    7






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