Zoom out
Zoom in
Vorherige Seite
1/132
Nächste Seite
OPERATING MANUAL
FT-857D
VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
4-8-8 Nakameguro, Meguro-Ku, Tokyo 153-8644, Japan
VERTEX STANDARD
US Headquarters
10900 Walker Street, Cypress, CA 90630, U.S.A.
YAESU UK LTD.
Unit 12, Sun Valley Business Park, Winnall Close
Winchester, Hampshire, SO23 0LB, U.K.
VERTEX STANDARD HK LTD.
Unit 5, 20/F., Seaview Centre, 139-141 Hoi Bun Road,
Kwun Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong
VERTEX STANDARD
(
AUSTRALIA
)
PTY., LTD.
Normanby Business Park, Unit 14/45 Normanby Road
Notting Hill 3168, Victoria, Australia
1

Brauchen Sie Hilfe? Stellen Sie Ihre Frage.

Forenregeln

Inhalt der Seiten


  • Page 1

    FT-857D
    OPERATING MANUAL

    VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.

    4-8-8 Nakameguro, Meguro-Ku, Tokyo 153-8644, Japan

    VERTEX STANDARD

    US Headquarters
    10900 Walker Street, Cypress, CA 90630, U.S.A.

    YAESU UK LTD.

    Unit 12, Sun Valley Business Park, Winnall Close
    Winchester, Hampshire, SO23 0LB, U.K.

    VERTEX STANDARD HK LTD.

    Unit 5, 20/F., Seaview Centre, 139-141 Hoi Bun Road,
    Kwun Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong

    VERTEX STANDARD (AUSTRALIA) PTY., LTD.
    Normanby Business Park, Unit 14/45 Normanby Road
    Notting Hill 3168, Victoria, Australia



  • Page 2

    Contents
    Introduction .................................................................. 1
    Specifications ................................................................ 2
    Accessories & Options ................................................. 4
    Installation .................................................................... 5
    Preliminary Inspection .............................................. 5
    Installation Tips ......................................................... 5
    Safety Information ..................................................... 6
    Installing the Microphone and Front Panel ............... 7
    Power connections .................................................... 8
    Grounding ............................................................... 10
    Mobile Station Grounding .................................. 10
    Base Station Earth Grounding ............................ 11
    Antenna Considerations .......................................... 12
    Mobile Antenna Installations ............................. 12
    Base Station Antenna Installations ..................... 13
    RF Field Exposure .................................................. 14
    Electromagnetic Compatibility ................................ 15
    Heat and Ventilation ............................................... 15
    Linear Amplifier Interfacing .................................... 16
    CW Key/Keyer Connections ................................... 17
    Receiver Accessories (Tape Recorder etc.) ............ 18
    Adjusting the Front Feet .......................................... 18
    Front Panel Control & Switches ............................... 20
    Multi Function Key Detail ....................................... 24
    Rear panel Connectors .............................................. 32
    Operation .................................................................... 34
    Turning the Transceiver On and Off ....................... 34
    Operating Band Selection ....................................... 34
    Mode Selection ....................................................... 34
    Adjusting the Audio Volume Level ......................... 35
    Menu Quick Start .................................................... 35
    Adjusting the RF Gain and Squelch ........................ 36
    Setting the Operating Frequency ............................. 36
    Changing the Dial Speed ......................................... 37
    Stacked VFO System .............................................. 37
    Operation on 5 MHz Band (U.S. Version Only) ..... 38
    Receiver Accessories .................................................. 39
    Locking Front Panel Controls ................................. 39
    Clarifier ................................................................... 40
    IF Shift .................................................................... 41
    AGC ........................................................................ 42
    Noise Blanker ......................................................... 42
    IPO .......................................................................... 43
    ATT (Front End Attenuator) ................................... 43
    DSP Bandpass Filter (DBP) .................................... 44
    DSP CW Peaking Filter (DBF) ............................... 45
    DSP Noise Reduction (DNR) ................................. 45
    DSP Notch Filter (DNF) ......................................... 46
    AM/FM Tuning Dial Operation .............................. 46
    Automatic Power-Off Feature ................................. 47
    Transmitter Operation .............................................. 48
    SSB/AM Transmission ............................................ 48
    Basic Setup/Operation ........................................ 48
    VOX Operation .................................................. 49
    AF Speech Processor Operation ........................ 50
    DSP Microphone Equalizer ................................ 51
    CW Transmission .................................................... 52
    Operation using Straight Key/External Keying Device .. 52
    Using the Built-in Electronic Keyer ................... 54
    FM Transmission .................................................... 56
    Basic Setup/Operation ........................................ 56
    Repeater Operation ............................................ 57

    Tone Search Scanning ........................................ 58
    DCS Operation ................................................... 59
    DCS Search Scanning ........................................ 59
    Split Tone Operation .......................................... 60
    ARTSTM Operation ............................................. 61
    CW Identifier Setup ...................................... 62
    Digital Mode Operation (SSB-Based AFSK) .......... 63
    RTTY (Radio Tele Type) Operation .................. 63
    PSK31 Operation ............................................... 64
    “User” Defined Digital Modes ........................... 64
    Packet (1200/9600 bps FM) Operation ................... 65
    WeatherFax Monitoring .......................................... 66
    Time-Out Timer ...................................................... 67
    Split Frequency Operation ...................................... 67
    ATAS-100/-120 Operation ..................................... 68
    Automatic Tuning ............................................... 68
    Manual Tuning ................................................... 69
    ATAS-100/-120 Operating Tips ......................... 70
    FC-30 Automatic Antenna Tuner Operation ........... 71
    Antenna Tuner Memory System ......................... 72
    Memory Operation .................................................... 73
    QMB (Quick Memory Bank) Channels .................. 73
    Memory Operation on “Regular” Memory Channel ........ 74
    Normal Memory Storage .................................... 74
    Split-Frequency Memory Storage ...................... 75
    Memory Channel Recall ..................................... 76
    Masking (“Hiding”) a Memory .......................... 77
    Memory Operation on “HOME” Channel Memories ...... 78
    Labeling Memories after Programming Channel Data .... 79
    Spectrum Scope Monitor ........................................... 80
    Smart SearchTM ......................................................... 81
    Scanning Operation ................................................... 82
    Scanning Features ................................................... 82
    Scanning Operation ................................................. 82
    Scan-Resume Choices ........................................ 83
    Scan Skip Programming (Memory Mode only) .. 83
    “Priority Channel” Scanning ................................... 85
    Programmable Memory Scan (PMS) Operation ..... 86
    Dual Watch Operation ............................................ 87
    Miscellaneous Settings ............................................... 88
    Operation on Alaska Emergency Frequency: 5167.5 kHz ... 88
    CW Training Feature ............................................... 89
    Programming the Panel Key Functions ................... 89
    Beacon Feature ....................................................... 90
    Beacon Text Storage .......................................... 90
    Beacon Text Sending (On the Air) ..................... 91
    Display Customization ............................................ 92
    Display Lamp Mode ........................................... 92
    Display Contrast ................................................. 92
    Display Dimmer ................................................. 92
    Display Color ..................................................... 93
    Menu Operation ......................................................... 94
    CAT (Computer Aided Transceiver) Operation . 113
    Power-On Microprocessor Reset Procedures ........ 117
    Cloning ...................................................................... 118
    Installation Optional Accessories ........................... 120
    Optional Filters:YF-122S, YF-122C, and YF-122CN ... 120
    Optional High Stability Reference Oscillator TCXO-9 . 121
    Appendix ................................................................... 122
    Setup of Memories
    for Low Earth Orbit (LEO) FM Satellite Operation ...... 122
    MH-59A8J Remote Microphone ............................ 125



  • Page 3

    INTRODUCTION
    HOME

    AF

    L
    SQ
    /R F

    CLAR

    SELECT

    FUNC

    The FT-857D is a rugged, innovative multiband, multimode mobile/portable transceiver
    for the amateur radio MF/HF/VHF/UHF bands. Providing coverage of the 160-10 meter
    bands (include the 60 m band: USA version) plus the 6 m, 2 m, and 70 cm bands, the FT857D includes operation on the SSB, CW, AM, FM, and Digital modes, yielding the most
    comprehensive performance package available for mobile and field operation.
    Engineered for high performance, the FT-857D provides 100 watts power output on the
    160 through 6 meter bands, 50 watts power output on 2 meters, and 20 watts output on 70
    centimeters.
    The multi-function Liquid-Crystal Display includes attractive backlighting (32 colors available!). The display includes bar-graph indication of power output, ALC voltage, SWR, modulation level, and/or signal strength. Also included are a number of operating status icons, as
    well as the function displays for the three operating function keys ([A], [B], and [C]).
    Among the advanced features of the FT-857D are many incorporated only in large basestation transceivers. These include Dual VFOs; Split-Frequency operation; Digital Signal
    Processing (Bandpass Filtering, Noise Reduction, Auto-Notch, and Microphone Equalizer);
    IF Shift; Clarifier (“R.I.T.”); IF Noise Blanker; AGC Fast/Slow/Auto/Off selection; RF
    Gain and Squelch control; IPO (Intercept Point Optimization) and a receiver front-end
    Attenuator; AM Aircraft reception; AM and FM Broadcast reception; U.S. Weather Band
    reception; VOX; Built-in Electronic Keyer with Memories and a Beacon mode; Adjustable
    CW Pitch; Automatic FM Repeater Shift (ARS); Built-in CTCSS Encoder/Decoders;
    ARTS™ (Auto-Range Transponder System); Smart Search™ Automatic Memory Loading
    System; Spectrum Scope; 200 Memories plus Home Channels and Band-limiting Memories; Alpha-Numeric Labeling of Memories; Automatic Power-Off (APO) and Time-Out
    Timer (TOT) functions; Computer Interface capability; and Cloning capability.
    We urge you to read this manual in its entirety, so as to gain a full understanding of the
    amazing capability of the exciting new FT-857D Transceiver.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    1



  • Page 4

    SPECIFICATIONS
    General
    Frequency Range:

    Emission Modes:
    Synthesizer Steps (Min.):
    Antenna Impedance:
    Operating Temp. Range:
    Frequency Stability:

    Supply Voltage:
    Current Consumption:

    Case Size (W x H x D):
    Weight (Approx.):

    Receive: 0.1-56 MHz, 76-108 MHz, 118-164 MHz,
    420-470 MHz
    Transmit: 160 - 6 Meters (USA: includes 60 meters),
    2 Meters,
    70 Centimeters (Amateur bands only)
    A1A (CW), A3E (AM), J3E (LSB/USB), F3E (FM),
    F1D (9600 bps packet), F2D (1200 bps packet)
    10 Hz (CW/SSB), 100 Hz (AM/FM/WFM)
    50 Ohms, Unbalanced
    14 ºF to 140 ºF (–10 °C to +60 °C)
    ±4 ppm from 1 min. to 60 min after power on.
    @25 °C: 1 ppm/hour
    ±0.5 ppm/1 hour @25 °C, after warmup
    (with optional TCXO-9)
    Normal: 13.8 VDC ±15 %, Negative Ground
    Squelched: 550 mA (Approx.)
    Receive: 1 A
    Transmit: 22 A
    6.1” x 2.0” x 9.2” (155 x 52 x 233 mm)
    4.6 lb. (2.1 kg)

    Transmitter
    SSB/CW/FM
    AM Carrier
    160- 6 M:
    100 W
    25 W
    2 M:
    50 W
    12.5 W
    70 CM:
    20 W
    5W
    Modulation Types:
    SSB: Balanced Modulator,
    AM: Early Stage (Low Level),
    FM: Variable Reactance
    FM Maximum Deviation:
    ±5 kHz (FM-N: ±2.5 kHz)
    Spurious Radiation:
    –50 dB (1.8-29.7 MHz)
    –60 dB (50/144/430 MHz)
    Carrier Suppression:
    >40 dB
    Opp. Sideband Suppression: >50 dB
    SSB Frequency Response:
    400 Hz-2600 Hz (–6 dB)
    Microphone Impedance:
    200-10k Ohms (Nominal: 600 Ohms)
    RF Power Output:
    (@13.8 V DC)

    2

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 5

    SPECIFICATIONS
    Receiver
    Circuit Type:
    Intermediate Frequencies:
    Sensitivity:

    Squelch Sensitivity:

    Image Rejection:
    IF Rejection:
    Selectivity (–6/–60 dB):

    AF Output:
    AF Output Impedance:

    Double-Conversion Superheterodyne (SSB/CW/AM/FM)
    Superheterodyne (WFM)
    1st: 68.33 MHz (SSB/CW/AM/FM); 10.7 MHz (WFM)
    2nd: 455 kHz
    SSB/CW
    AM
    FM
    100 kHz-1.8 MHz

    32 µV

    1.8 MHz-28 MHz
    0.2 µV
    2 µV

    28 MHz-30 MHz
    0.2 µV
    2 µV
    0.5 µV
    50 MHz-54 MHz
    0.125 µV
    1 µV
    0.2 µV
    144/430 MHz
    0.125 µV

    0.2 µV
    (SSB/CW/AM = 10 dB S/N, FM = 12 dB SINAD)
    SSB/CW/AM
    FM
    100 kHz-1.8 MHz


    1.8 MHz-28 MHz
    2.5 µV

    28 MHz-30 MHz
    2.5 µV
    0.32 µV
    50 MHz-54 MHz
    1 µV
    0.16 µV
    144/430 MHz
    0.5 µV
    0.16 µV
    HF/50 MHz: 70 dB,
    144/430 MHz: 60 dB
    60 dB
    SSB/CW: 2.2 kHz/4.5 kHz
    AM: 6 kHz/20 kHz
    FM: 15 kHz/30 kHz
    FM-N: 9 kHz/25 kHz
    SSB (optional YF-122S installed): 2.3 kHz/4.7 kHz (–66 dB)
    CW (option YF-122C installed): 500 Hz/2.0 kHz
    CW (option YF-122CN installed): 300 Hz/1.0 kHz
    2.5 W (@4 Ohms, 10% THD or less)
    4-16 Ohms

    Specifications are subject to change without notice, and are guaranteed within the amateur
    bands only.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    3



  • Page 6

    ACCESSORIES & OPTIONS
    SUPPLIED ACCESSORIES
    Hand Microphone MH-31A8J ............................................................................................. 1
    Mobile Mounting Bracket MMB-82 .................................................................................. 1
    Control Cable ..................................................................................................................... 1
    DC Power Cord .................................................................................................................. 1
    Operating Manual ............................................................................................................... 1
    Warranty Card .................................................................................................................... 1

    AVAILABLE OPTIONS
    FP-1030A
    YF-122S
    YF-122C
    YF-122CN
    TCXO-9
    MD-200A8X
    MH-36E8J
    MH-59A8J
    YSK-857
    FC-30
    ATAS-100
    ATAS-120
    ATAS-25
    ATBK-100
    VL-1000
    CT-62
    CT-39A
    CT-58

    4

    External AC Power Supply (25A)
    Collins SSB Filter (2.3 kHz/4.7 kHz: –6 dB/–66 dB)
    Collins CW Filter (500 Hz/2 kHz: –6 dB/–60 dB)
    Collins CW Filter (300 Hz/1 kHz: –6 dB/–60 dB)
    TCXO Unit (±0.5 ppm)
    Desktop Microphone
    DTMF Microphone
    Remote Control Microphone
    Separation Kit
    External Automatic Antenna Tuner
    Active-Tuning Antenna System
    Active-Tuning Antenna System
    Active-Tuning Antenna System
    VHF/UHF Antenna Base/Counterpoise Kit
    Solid-State Linear Amplifier
    CAT Interface Cable
    Packet Cable
    BAND DATA Cable

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 7

    INSTALLATION
    This chapter describes the installation procedure for integrating the FT-857D into a typical
    amateur radio station. It is presumed that you possess technical knowledge and conceptual
    understanding consistent with your status as a licensed radio amateur. Please take some
    extra time to make certain that the important safety and technical requirements detailed in
    this chapter are followed closely.

    PRELIMINARY INSPECTION
    Inspect the transceiver visually immediately upon opening the packing carton. Confirm
    that all controls and switches work freely, and inspect the cabinet for any damage. Gently
    shake the transceiver to verify that no internal components have been shaken loose due to
    rough handling during shipping.
    If any evidence of damage is discovered, document it thoroughly and contact the shipping
    company (or your local dealer, if the unit was purchased over-the-counter) so as to get
    instructions regarding the prompt resolution of the damage situation. Be certain to save the
    shipping carton, especially if there are any punctures or other evidence of damage incurred
    during shipping; if it is necessary to return the unit for service or replacement, use the
    original packing materials but put the entire package inside another packing carton, so as to
    preserve the evidence of shipping damage for insurance purposes.

    INSTALLATION TIPS
    To ensure long life of the components, be certain to provide adequate ventilation around the
    cabinet of the FT-857D.
    Do not install the transceiver on top of another heat-generating device (such as a power
    supply or amplifier), and do not place equipment, books, or papers on top of the FT-857D.
    Avoid heating vents and window locations that could expose the transceiver to excessive
    direct sunlight, especially in hot climates. The FT-857D should not be used in an environment where the ambient temperature exceeds 140º F (+60 °C).

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    5



  • Page 8

    INSTALLATION
    SAFETY INFORMATION
    The FT-857D is an electrical apparatus, as well as a generator of RF (Radio Frequency)
    energy, and you should exercise all safety precautions as are appropriate for this type of
    device. These safety tips apply to any device installed in a well-designed amateur radio
    station.
    Never allow unsupervised children to play in the vicinity of your transceiver or
    antenna installation.
    Be certain to wrap any wire or cable splices thoroughly with insulating electrical
    tape, to prevent short circuits.
    Do not route cables or wires through door jambs or other locations where, through
    wear and tear, they may become frayed and shorted to ground or to each other.
    Do not stand in front of a directional antenna while you are transmitting into that
    antenna. Do not install a directional antenna in any location where humans or pets
    may be walking in the main directional lobe of the antenna’s radiation pattern.
    In mobile installations, it is preferable to mount your antenna on top of the roof of
    the vehicle, if feasible, so as to utilize the car body as a counterpoise for the antenna
    and raise the radiation pattern as far away from passengers as possible.
    During vehicular operation when stopped (in a parking lot, for example), make it a
    practice to switch to Low power if there are people walking nearby.
    Never wear dual-earmuff headphones while driving a vehicle.
    Do not attempt to drive your vehicle while making a telephone call on an autopatch
    using the DTMF microphone. Pull over to the side of the road, whether dialing
    manually.
    Do not install this transceiver in a confined space such as a book case or similar unit.

    6

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 9

    INSTALLATION
    INSTALLING THE MICROPHONE AND FRONT PANEL
    1. Insert the microphone’s plug into the recessed jack on the transceiver, as shown in the
    illustration.
    2. You may position the microphone cable so as to cause it to exit from the side or the
    bottom of the transceiver. Just route the cable into the appropriate channel provided, as
    shown in the illustration.
    3. Connect the Control cable between the Front Panel and Transceiver Body.
    4. Install the Front Panel by sliding it into the position shown; you will hear a “click” when
    the panel locks into place.
    5. To remove the Front Panel, use your left thumb to push rearward (slightly) the latch on
    the left-hand of the panel, then slide the Front Panel to the right and away from the
    transceiver.

    DSP

    TX/BUSY

    DWN

    UP

    MODE
    BAND

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    7



  • Page 10

    INSTALLATION
    POWER CONNECTIONS
    The DC power connector for the FT-857D must only be connected to a DC source providing 13.8 Volts DC (±15%), and capable of at least 22 Amperes of current. Always observe
    proper polarity when making DC connections:
    The Red DC power lead connects to the Positive (+) DC terminal; and the Black DC
    power lead connects to the Negative (–) DC terminal.

    To HF/50 MHz Antenna

    To 144 MHz/430 MHz Antenna

    In mobile installations, noise pickup may be minimized by connecting the DC cable directly to your vehicle’s battery, rather than to the ignition switch or “accessory” circuitry.
    Direct connection to the battery also provides the best voltage stability.
    Cigarette Lighter Plug

    Fuse Box

    12V Battery

    FUSE: 25A

    To 144 MHz/430 MHz Antenna

    To HF/50 MHz Antenna

    RED

    BLACK

    Supplied DC Cable

    FP-1030A
    0

    5

    10

    15 20

    0

    5

    V

    CON TIN UOUS

    20

    30 40

    A

    CURREN T

    O VE RLOAD

    25A

    POWE R
    ON

    OFF

    FUSE: 25A

    RED

    BLACK

    Supplied DC Cable

    8

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 11

    INSTALLATION
    POWER CONNECTIONS
    Tips for Successful Mobile Installations:
    Before connecting the DC cable to the battery, measure the voltage across the battery
    terminals with the engine running fast enough to show a charge. If the voltage is above
    15 Volts, the vehicle’s voltage regulator should be adjusted to reduce the charging voltage to 14 Volts or lower.
    Route the DC cable as far away from the ignition cables as possible.
    If the DC cable is not long enough, use #12 AWG (minimum) stranded, insulated wire
    to extend it. Be certain to solder the connections at the splice securely, and provide
    ample insulation for the soldered splice (heat shrink tubing plus black electrical tape
    work well).
    Check the battery terminal connections frequently to be sure they are tight and not
    corroded.
    When operating with the vehicle turned off, or operating from a stand-alone car battery
    (in a camp site, etc.), be mindful of the minimum operating voltage (11.73 Volts) for the
    FT-857D. If the battery is not charged sufficiently to maintain at least 11¾ Volts at the
    radio, erratic operation or shut-down may occur.
    Caution
    Permanent damage can result if improper supply voltage, or reverse-polarity voltage, is applied to the FT-857D. The Limited Warranty on this transceiver does not
    cover damage caused by application of AC voltage, reversed polarity DC, or DC
    voltage outside the specified range of 13.8V ±15%. Never attempt to connect the
    FT-857D to a 24-Volt battery system.
    When replacing fuses, be certain to use a fuse of the proper rating. The FT-857D
    requires a 25A fast-blow fuse.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    9



  • Page 12

    INSTALLATION
    GROUNDING
    The provision of an effective ground system is important in any successful communications station. A good ground system can contribute to station efficiency in a number of
    ways:
    It can minimize the possibility of electrical shock to the operator.
    It can minimize RF currents flowing on the shield of the coaxial cable and the chassis of
    the transceiver which may cause interference to nearby home entertainment devices or
    laboratory test equipment.
    It can minimize the possibility of erratic transceiver operation caused by RF feedback
    or improper current flow through logic devices.
    An effective earth ground system may take several forms; for a more complete discussion,
    see an appropriate RF engineering text. The information presented below is intended only
    as a guideline.
    Inspect the ground system – inside the station as well as outside – on a regular basis so as to
    ensure maximum performance and safety.

    Mobile Station Grounding
    Although satisfactory grounding in most installations will be achieved via the DC cable’s
    negative lead and the antenna system’s coaxial cable shield, it is often recommended that
    you provide a direct ground connection to the vehicle chassis at the mounting location of
    the transceiver (installation using the MMB-82 Mounting Bracket will accomplish this, if
    the MMB-82 itself is mounted to the vehicle’s chassis). Due to unexpected resonances
    which may naturally occur in any location, improper communication system performance
    may result from insufficient grounding. These symptoms may include:
    RF feedback (resulting in distortion on your transmitted signal);
    Unintended frequency change;
    Blinking or blanking of the frequency display;
    Noise pickup; and/or
    Loss of memory.
    Note that these conditions may occur in any communications installation. The FT-857D
    includes extensive filtering designed to minimize the chance of such problems; however,
    random currents set up by insufficient RF grounding can nullify such filtering. Bonding the
    rear panel Ground lug of the FT-857D transceiver to the vehicle or vessel’s ground system
    should clear up any such difficulties.
    Vertex Standard does not recommend the use of “on glass” mobile antennas unless the
    shield of the coaxial cable is securely grounded near the feedpoint of the antenna. Such
    antennas frequently are responsible for the ground-related difficulties described above.

    10

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 13

    INSTALLATION
    GROUNDING
    Base Station Earth Grounding
    Typically, the ground connection consists of one or more copper-clad steel rods, driven into
    the ground. If multiple ground rods are used, they should be configured in a “V” configuration, and bonded together at the apex of the “V” which is nearest the station location. Use a
    heavy, braided cable (such as the discarded shield from type RG-213 coaxial cable) and
    strong cable clamps to secure the braided cables to the ground rods. Be sure to weatherproof the connections to ensure many years of reliable service. Use the same type of heavy,
    braided cable for the connections to the station ground bus (described below).
    Do not use gas line pipes in an attempt to provide a ground connection! To do so creates a
    serious risk of explosion!!
    Inside the station, a common ground bus consisting of a copper pipe of at least 1” (25 mm)
    diameter should be used. An alternative station ground bus may consist of a wide copper
    plate (single-sided circuit board material is ideal) secured to the bottom of the operating
    desk. Grounding connections from individual devices such as transceivers, power supplies,
    and data communications devices should be made directly to the ground bus using a heavy,
    braided cable.
    Do not make ground connections from one electrical device to another, and thence to the
    ground bus. This so-called “Daisy Chain” grounding technique may nullify any attempt at
    effective radio frequency grounding. See the drawings below for examples of proper and
    improper ground connections.
    Improper Ground Connection
    Transceiver

    Linear
    Amplifier

    Power
    Supply

    Proper Ground Connection
    Transceiver

    Linear
    Amplifier

    Power
    Supply

    "Daisy Chain"

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    11



  • Page 14

    INSTALLATION
    ANTENNA CONSIDERATIONS
    The antenna systems connected to your FT-857D transceiver are, of course, critically important in ensuring successful communications. The FT-857D is designed for use with any
    antenna system providing a 50 Ω resistive impedance at the desired operating frequency.
    While minor excursions from the 50 Ω specification are of no consequence, the power
    amplifier’s protection circuitry will begin to reduce the power output of there is more than
    a 50% divergence from the specified impedance (less than 33 Ω or greater than 75 Ω,
    corresponding to a Standing Wave Ratio (SWR) of 1.5:1).
    Two antenna jacks are provided on the rear panel of the FT-857D. The “HF/50 MHz
    ANT” jack is used for HF and 50 MHz, while the “144/430 MHz ANT” jack is used for
    144 MHz and 430 MHz.
    Guidelines for successful base and mobile station installations are shown below.

    Mobile Antenna Installations
    Mobile antennas for the HF bands, with the possible exception of those designed for 28
    MHz, display very high “Q” due to the fact that they must be physically shortened, then
    resonated using a loading coil. Additional system bandwidth may be realized using the
    Yaesu FC-30 Automatic Antenna Tuner, which will present a 50 Ω impedance to your
    transceiver on the 1.8 ~ 50 MHz bands so long as the SWR on the coaxial line connected to
    the FC-30 is below 3:1.
    On the VHF and UHF bands, coaxial line losses increase so rapidly in the presence of SWR
    that we recommend that all impedance matching to 50 Ω be performed at the antenna
    feedpoint.
    Yaesu’s Active-Tuned Antenna System (ATAS-100/-120) is a unique HF/VHF/UHF mobile antenna system, which provides automatic tuning when used with the FT-857D. See
    page 68 for full details on the ATAS-100/-120.
    For VHF/UHF weak-signal (CW/SSB) operation, remember that the antenna polarization
    standard for these modes is horizontal, not vertical, so you must use a loop or otherwise
    horizontally-polarized antenna so as to avoid cross-polarization loss of signal strength (which
    can be 20 dB or more!). On HF, signals propagated via the ionosphere develop mixed
    polarizations, so antenna selection may be made strictly on mechanical considerations;
    vertical antennas are almost always utilized on HF for this reason.
    In mobile (and portable) installations, when vertical antennas are used, remember that the
    grounding of the base area of the antenna is critically important to proper operation. Since
    most HF vertical antennas emulate a quarter-wavelength “monopole” antenna, the “missing half” of the dipole antenna consists of a counterpoise of radial ground system. In a
    vehicle, if mounting the antenna to a door or hatch, it is recommended that you bond the

    12

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 15

    INSTALLATION
    ANTENNA CONSIDERATIONS
    door to the rest of the vehicle’s body, using a heavy braid bonded securely at both ends, to
    ensure that as much counterpoise as possible is secured. In portable operation, be sure to
    lay out radials (or otherwise construct a n image plane for the vertical monopole); it is not
    adequate simply to connect a vertical radiating element to the rear panel Antenna jack of
    this transceiver, without providing a suitable counterpoise.

    Base Station Antenna Installations
    When installing a “balanced” antenna such as a Yagi or dipole, remember that the FT-857D
    is designed for use with an (unbalanced) coaxial feedline. Always use a balun or other
    balancing device so as to ensure proper antenna system performance.
    Use high-quality 50 Ω coaxial cable for the lead-in to your FT-857D transceiver. All efforts
    at providing an efficient antenna system will be wasted if poor quality, lossy coaxial cable
    is used. Losses in coaxial lines increase as the frequency increases, so a coaxial line with
    0.5 dB of loss at 7 MHz may have 6 dB of loss at 432 MHz (thereby consuming 75% of
    your transceiver’s power output!). As a general rule, smaller-diameter coaxial cables tend
    to have higher losses than larger-diameter cables, although the precise differences depend
    on the cable construction, materials, and the quality of the connectors used with the cable.
    See the cable manufacturer’s specifications for details.
    For reference, the chart below shows approximate loss figures for typically- available coaxial cables frequently used in HF installations.
    Loss in dB per 30 m (100 feet) for Selected 50-ohm Coaxial Cables
    CABLE TYPE
    RG-58A
    RG-58 Foam
    RG-8X
    RG-8A, RG-213
    RG-8 Foam
    Belden 9913
    7/8” “Hardline”

    1.8 MHZ
    0.55
    0.54
    0.39
    0.27
    0.22
    0.18
    < 0.1

    LOSS
    28 MHZ
    2.60
    2.00
    1.85
    1.25
    0.88
    0.69
    0.25

    432 MHZ
    >10
    8.0
    7.0
    5.9
    3.7
    2.9
    1.3

    Loss figures are approximate; consult cable manufacturer’s catalogs for complete specifications.

    Always locate antennas such that they can never come in contact with outdoor power lines
    in the event of a catastrophic support or power-pole structural failure. Ground your antennas’ support structure(s) adequately, so as to dissipate energy absorbed during a lightning
    strike. Install appropriate lightning arrestors in the antenna coaxial cables (and rotator cables,
    if rotary antennas are used).
    In the event of an approaching electrical storm, disconnect all antenna lead-in, rotator cables,
    and power cables completely from your station if the storm is not immediately in your area.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    13



  • Page 16

    INSTALLATION
    ANTENNA CONSIDERATIONS
    Do not allow disconnected cables to touch the case of your FT-857D transceiver or accessories, as lightning can easily jump from the cable to the circuitry of your transceiver via
    the case, causing irreparable damage. If a lightning storm is in progress in your immediate
    area, do not attempt to disconnect the cables, as you could be killed instantly if lightning
    should strike your antenna structure or a nearby power line.
    If a vertical antenna is utilized, be certain that humans and/or pets and farm animals are kept
    away both from the radiating element (to prevent electrical shock and RF exposure danger)
    and the ground system (in the event of an electrical storm). The buried radials of a groundmounted vertical antenna can carry lethal voltages outward from the center of the antenna
    in the event of a direct lightning strike.

    RF FIELD EXPOSURE
    This transceiver is capable of power output in excess of 50 Watts, so customers in the
    United States may be required to demonstrate compliance with Federal Communications
    Commission (FCC) regulations concerning maximum permissible exposure to radio frequency energy. Compliance is based on the actual power output used, feedline loss, antenna
    type and height, and other factors which can only be evaluated as a system.
    Information regarding these regulations may be available from your Dealer, your local
    radio club, from the FCC directly (press releases and other information can be found on the
    FCC’s site on the World Wide Web at <http://www.fcc.gov>), or from the American Radio
    Relay League, Inc. (225 Main St., Newington CT 06111 or <http://www.arrl.org>).
    Although there is negligible radio frequency (RF) leakage from the FT-857D transceiver
    itself, its antenna system should be located as far away from humans and animals as practicable, so as to avoid the possibility of shock due to accidental contact with the antenna or
    excessive long-term exposure to RF energy. During mobile operation, do not transmit if
    someone is standing adjacent to your antenna, and use the lowest power possible.
    Never stand in front of an antenna (during testing or operation) when RF power is applied,
    especially in the case of 430 MHz directional arrays. The 20 Watt power output supplied by
    the FT-857D, combined with the directivity of a beam antenna, can cause immediate heating of human or animal tissues, and may cause other undesirable medical effects.

    14

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 17

    INSTALLATION
    ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY
    If this transceiver is used with, or in the vicinity of, a computer or computer-driven accessories, you may need to experiment with grounding and/or Radio Frequency Interference
    (RFI) suppression devices (such as ferrite cores) to minimize interference to your communications caused by energy from the computer. Computer-generated RFI is usually a result
    of inadequate shielding of the computer’s cabinet or I/O and peripheral connections. While
    computer equipment may “comply” with RF emission standards, this does not ensure that
    sensitive Amateur Radio receivers like the FT-857D will not experience interference from
    the device!
    Be certain to use only shielded cables for TNC-to-Transceiver connections. You may need
    to install AC line filters on the power cord(s) of the suspected equipment, and decoupling
    ferrite toroidal chokes may be required on interconnecting patch/data cables. As a last resort, you can try installing additional shielding within the computer’s case, using appropriate conductive mesh or conductive shielding tape. Especially check “RF holes” where plastic is used for cabinet front panels.
    For further information, consult amateur radio reference guides and publications relating to
    RFI suppression techniques.

    HEAT AND VENTILATION
    To ensure long life of the components, be certain to provide adequate ventilation around the
    cabinet of the FT-857D. The cooling system of the transceiver must be free to draw cool air
    in from the side of the transceiver and expel warm air from the rear of the transceiver.
    Do not install the transceiver on top of another heat-generating device (such as a linear
    amplifier), and do not place equipment, books, or papers on top of the transceiver. Place the
    transceiver on a hard, flat, stable surface. Avoid heating vents and window locations that
    could expose the transceiver to excessive direct sunlight, especially in hot climates.

    Heat

    Water & Moisture

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    Dust

    Ventilation

    15



  • Page 18

    INSTALLATION
    LINEAR AMPLIFIER INTERFACING
    The FT-857D provides the switching and drive-control lines required for easy interfacing
    to most all commonly-available amplifiers sold today.
    These include:
    The Antenna Jacks (“HF/50MHz” and “144/430MHz”);
    A T/R control line (open circuit on RX, closure to ground on TX); and
    A negative-going ALC jack (control voltage range: 0V to –4V DC).
    When interfacing to the VL-1000 Solid State 1 KW Linear Amplifier, the optional CT58 Interface Cable provides for easy interconnection (requires that the Menu Mode No020 [CAT/LIN/TUN] setting changes to “LINEAR”).
    The rear-panel CAT/LINEAR jack is an 8-pin, miniature DIN type, with the “TX GND”
    pin providing a closure to ground on transmit, for T/R control of your linear amplifier. The
    ACC jack is a miniature stereo type, with external ALC input capability on the tip connection. The main shaft is the ground return. The ring connection of the ACC jack, when
    closed to ground, places the FT-857 into the transmit mode, and sends a steady CW carrier,
    for amplifier (or antenna tuner) adjustment purposes.
    Note that some amplifiers, particularly VHF or UHF “brick” amplifiers, offer two methods
    of T/R switching: application of +13V or a closure to ground.

    INPUT 1

    To 50 MHz Antenna

    ANT 3

    To HF Antenna

    ANT 2

    ANT 1

    To 144 / 430 MHz Antenna

    To HF Antenna

    Be sure to configure your amplifier so that it switches via a closure to ground, as provided
    by your FT-857D’s CAT/LINEAR jack (“TX GND” pin). Alternatively, many of these
    amplifiers use “RF Sensing” to control their relays; if yours is in this category, you may
    then use the T/R control line from the “TX
    GND” pin of the CAT/LINEAR jack for
    control of your HF linear amplifier, and RF
    sensing for your VHF or UHF
    amplifier.

    VL-1000

    ANT 1

    REMOTE

    PTT 1

    INPUT 1

    ON
    OFF

    PTT 2

    BAND DATA 1

    ANT 2

    INPUT 2

    ALC 1
    CONTROL

    ALC 2

    DC48V IN
    GND

    CONTROL

    GND

    DC 48V IN

    CT-58 BAND DATA Cable

    ALC 1

    BAND-DATA 1

    CAT/LINEAR

    BAND DATA 2

    CT-58 ALC Cable

    16

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 19

    INSTALLATION
    LINEAR AMPLIFIER INTERFACING
    The “TX GND” T/R control line is a transistor “open collector” circuit, capable of handling
    positive amplifier relay coil voltages of up to +50V DC and current of up to 400 mA. If you
    plan on using multiple linear amplifiers for different bands, you must provide external
    band-switching of the “TX GND” relay control line from the CAT/LINEAR jack.
    Important Note!
    Do not exceed the maximum voltage or current ratings for the “TX GND” line at the
    CAT/LINEAR jack. This line is not compatible with negative DC voltages, nor AC
    voltages of any magnitude.
    Most amplifier control relay systems require only low DC voltage/current switching
    capability (typically, +12V DC at 25 ~ 75 mA), and the switching transistor in the
    FT-857D will easily accommodate such amplifiers.

    CW KEY/KEYER CONNECTIONS
    All commonly-available keyer paddles should work perfectly with the built-in Electronic
    Keyer. The wiring configuration for the paddle is shown below.
    KEY GND

    DOT
    DOT

    KEY

    GND

    DASH

    DASH
    COMMON

    COMMON

    For straight-key operation, only the tip and shaft connections are used.
    Note: Even when using a straight key, you must use a three-conductor (“stereo”) plug. If a
    two-conductor plug is used, the key line will be constantly shorted to ground.
    When using an external electronic keyer, be absolutely certain that it is configured for
    “positive” keying, not “negative” or “grid block” keying. The “key-up” voltage of the FT857D is +5V, and the “key-down” current is only about 1 mA.
    For CW automated keying using a personal computer, with an external memory keyer providing for manual sending, it usually is possible to connect the keyed lines together via a
    “Y” connector. Check with the documentation accompanying your keyer and your contest/
    DX software for any cautions which need to be observed.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    17



  • Page 20

    INSTALLATION
    RECEIVER ACCESSORIES (TAPE RECORDER ETC.)
    Connection of a tape recorder or other such receiver accessory is
    easily accomplished by using the DATA jack’s Data Out (1200 bps)
    terminal (Pin 5) and Ground (Pin 2). The audio output is fixed at
    100 mV, with an impedance of 600 Ω.

    DATA OUT
    1200bps

    GND

    DATA

    ADJUSTING THE FRONT FEET
    The two front feet of the transceiver allow the transceiver to be tilted upward for better
    viewing. Simply fold both feet forward to raise the front of the transceiver, and fold them
    back against the bottom case to lower the front of the FT-857D.

    18

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 21

    INSTALLATION
    MMB-82 MOBILE BRACKET INSTALLATION
    Choose a mounting location with sufficient clearance for the transceiver. Using the
    mounting bracket as a template for the mounting holes, use a 4.8 mm bit to drill the
    mounting holes, and secure the mounting bracket with the supplied screws, washers,
    and nuts (see diagram below).
    Position the transceiver in the bracket so that the holes in the side are aligned with these
    in the bracket, and bolt the transceiver into place using the supplied short screws.
    Do not install this transceiver in a confined space such as a book case or similar
    unit.
    Provide a few centimeters of space on either side of the transceiver.

    Use the supplied screw or
    screw of the equivalent size (M4x6).

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    19



  • Page 22

    FRONT PANEL CONTROL & SWITCHES

    HOME

    AF

    SQ L
    /R F

    CLAR

    SELECT

    FUNC

    AF Knob
    The (inner) VOL knob adjusts the receiver audio volume level presented to the internal
    or external speaker. Clockwise rotation increases the volume level.

    SQL/RF Knob
    In the USA version, this (outer) SQL/RF knob adjusts the gain of the receiver’s RF and
    IF stages. Using Menu Mode No-080 [SQL/RF GAIN], this control may be changed to
    function as a Squelch control, which may be used to silence background noise when no
    signal is present. In the other versions, its default setting is set to “Squelch.”

    SELECT knob
    This detented rotary switch is used for VFO frequency tuning, memory selection, and
    function selection for the [A], [B], [C] keys of the transceiver.

    HOME Key
    Pressing this key momentarily recalls a favorite “Home” frequency memory.

    CLAR Key
    Pressing this key activates the Receiver Clarifier feature. When this feature is activated, the SELECT knob is used to set a tuning offset of up to ±9.99 kHz. The
    transmitter’s frequency is not affected by the setting of the Clarifier.
    Press and hold in this key for one second to activate the IF Shift feature, which allows
    you to use the SELECT knob to adjust the center frequency of the IF filter’s passband
    response.

    20

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 23

    FRONT PANEL CONTROL & SWITCHES
    FUNC Key
    Press this key momentarily to enable the changing of the function of the Multi Function
    keys ([A], [B], and [C]) by rotating the SELECT knob.
    Press and hold in this key for one second to activate the “Menu” mode.

    Multi Function Keys
    These three keys select many of the most important operating features of the transceiver. When you press the [FUNC] key, then rotate the SELECT knob, the current
    function of that key will appear above each of the [A], [B], and [C] keys (along the
    bottom of the LCD). You may scroll the display through 17 rows of functions available
    for use via the [A], [B], and [C] keys. The available features are shown in page 24.

    MODE( )/MODE( ) Key
    Pressing either of these keys momentarily will change the operating mode. The selections available are:
    ..... LSB
    USB
    CW
    CWR
    AM
    FM
    DIG
    PKT
    LSB .....

    DSP Button
    Pressing this button momentarily provides instant access to Multi Function Row “p”
    (MFp), which contains the command key for the receiver’s Digital Signal Processing
    system. The available functions will appear as the functions displayed above the [A],
    [B], and [C] keys, as described previously. Pressing this key once more will return
    operation to the last-used Multi-Function Row (the one in use before the DSP row was
    engaged).
    Press and hold in this switch for one second to activate Menu Item No-048, for adjustment of the DSP Microphone Equalizer (see page 51 for details).

    POWER Switch
    Press and hold in the POWER switch for one second to turn to the transceiver on or off.
    While the transceiver is turned on, pressing this switch momentarily will engage the
    “Fast Tuning” mode, to allow more rapid frequency navigation (a small “running man”
    icon will be observed in the bottom right-hand corner of the LCD).

    TX/BUSY Indicator
    This indicator glows green when the squelch opens, and turns red during transmit.
    During CW operation, this indicator will glow blue when an incoming signal is tuned
    to the center of the passband (with IF Shift off). And during FM reception, this indicator will glow blue when a signal is received with a CTCSS/DCS tone matching that to
    which your transceiver is set.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    21



  • Page 24

    FRONT PANEL CONTROL & SWITCHES

    HOME

    AF

    SQ L
    /R F

    CLAR

    SELECT

    FUNC

    BAND(DWN)/BAND(UP) Key
    Pressing either of these keys momentarily will cause the frequency to be moved up or
    down by one frequency band. The selections available are:
    ..... 1.8 MHz
    3.5 MHz
    5.0 MHz
    7.0 MHz
    10 MHz
    14 MHz
    15 MHz
    18 MHz
    21 MHz 24 MHz
    28 MHz
    50 MHz
    88 MHz
    108 MHz
    144 MHz
    430 MHz
    1.8 MHz .....
    Recalling the 5 MHz band (U.S. model) requires different procedure. See page 38 for
    details.

    V/M Key
    Pressing this key switches frequency control between the VFO and Memory Systems.
    Press and hold in this key to store the contents of the VFO into the QMB (Quick Memory
    Bank) register.

    LOCK Key
    Pressing this key locks the front panel keys so as to prevent accidental frequency change.
    The LOCK key itself, though, will never be disabled.

    MAIN DIAL
    This is the main tuning dial for the transceiver. It is used both for frequency tuning as
    well as “Menu” setting in the transceiver.

    Liquid Crystal Display
    The Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) provides indication of the operating frequency and
    other aspects of transceiver status.

    22

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 25

    FRONT PANEL CONTROL & SWITCHES
    MIC Jack
    Connect the supplied MH-31A8J Hand Microphone to this jack.

    SP-PH Switch
    If you use earphones with this transceiver, move this switch to the “PH” position before inserting the earphone plug into the SP/PH Jack, to prevent injury your ears.

    METER Jack
    This 3.5-mm 2-pin jack is used for connection to an analog meter (not
    produced by Vertex Standard). Please refer to the MENU, No-060 and
    No-061.

    SIGNAL

    GND

    SP/PH Jack
    This 3.5-mm, 2-pin jack provides variable audio output for an external speaker (4 Ω ~ 16 Ω impedance) or earphones. The audio level
    SIGNAL GND
    varies according to the setting of the front panel’s AF knob.
    Important Note: When you insert an earphone plug into this jack, the SP-PH slide
    switch (located on the back side of front panel) MUST BE set to the “PH” position, to
    prevent the possibility of injury to your ears.
    CONTROL Jack

    MAIN BODY (FRONT)
    CONTROL Jack

    PH

    SP

    FRONT PANEL (BACK)
    FT-857D Operating Manual

    23



  • Page 26

    FRONT PANEL CONTROL & SWITCHES
    MULTI FUNCTION KEY DETAIL
    The [A], [B], and [C] keys select many of the most
    important operating features of the transceiver. When
    you press the [FUNC] key, then rotate the SELECT
    knob, the current function of that key will appear
    above each of the [A], [B], and [C] keys (along the
    bottom of the LCD). You may scroll the display
    through 17 rows of functions available for use via
    the [A], [B], and [C] keys.

    SELECT

    [FUNC] [A] [B] [C]

    DIAL

    Multi Function Row “a” (MFa) [A/B, A=B, SPL]

    [A]

    [B]

    [ C]

    [A ] Key: A/B
    Press the [A](A/B) key to switch between VFO-A and VFO-B on the
    display.
    [B] Key: A=B
    Press the [B](A=B) key to copy the contents of Main VFO to be copied into the Sub VFO, so that the two VFOs’ contents will be identical.
    [C] Key: SPL
    Press the [C](SPL) key to activate Split frequency operation between
    VFO-A and VFO-B.

    Multi Function Row “b” (MFb) [MW, SKIP, TAG]

    [A]

    24

    [B]

    [ C]

    [A ] Key: MW
    Press this key momentarily to enable the “Memory Check” mode, to
    allow selection of an empty memory channel prior to frequency storage. Press and hold in the [A](MW) key for one second to transfer the
    contents of the VFO into the selected Memory register.
    [B] Key: SKIP
    Press the [B](SKIP) key to designate the current Memory channel to
    be “skipped” during scanning.
    [C] Key: TAG
    Press the [C](TAG) key to select the display type (Frequency or Alphanumeric Tag) during Memory operation. Press and hold in this key for
    one second, while on a recalled channel, to open Menu No.-056, for
    quick programming of an Alphanumeric Tag.

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 27

    FRONT PANEL CONTROL & SWITCHES
    MULTI FUNCTION KEY DETAIL
    Multi Function Row “c” (MFc) [STO, RCL, PROC]

    [A]

    [B]

    [C]

    [A ] Key: STO
    Press the [A ](STO) key to store the contents of the VFO into the QMB
    (Quick Memory Bank) register.
    [B] Key: RCL
    Press the [B](RCL) key to recall the QMB Memory.
    [C] Key: PROC
    Press the [C](PROC) key to activate the speech processor for SSB and
    AM transmission.
    Press and hold in the [C](PROC) key for one second to recall Menu
    Mode No-074 [PROC LEVEL] (for setting the compression level of the
    AF Speech Processor).

    Multi Function Row “d” (MFd) [RPT, REV, VOX]

    [A]

    [B]

    [C]

    [A ] Key: RPT
    Press the [A](RPT) key to select the direction of the uplink frequency
    shift (+, – or simplex) during FM repeater operation.
    Press and hold in the [A ](RPT) key for one second to recall Menu
    Mode No-076 [RPT SHIFT] (for setting the shift frequency offset).
    [B] Key: REV
    Press the [B](REV) key to reverse the transmit and receive frequencies
    while working through a repeater.
    [C] Key: VOX
    Press the [C](VOX) key enable the VOX (voice-operated transmitter
    switching system) in the SSB, AM, and FM modes.
    Press and hold in the [C ](VOX) key for one second to recall Menu
    Mode No-088 [VOX GAIN] (for setting the VOX gain level).

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    25



  • Page 28

    FRONT PANEL CONTROL & SWITCHES
    MULTI FUNCTION KEY DETAIL
    Multi Function Row “e” (MFe) [TON, –––, TDCH] ([ENC, DEC, TDCH])

    [A]

    [B]

    [C]

    [A]

    [B]

    [ C]

    [A ] Key: TON/ENC
    Press the [A ](TON) key to activate CTCSS or DCS operation on FM.
    When the Split Tone feature is activated via Menu Mode No-079 [SPLIT
    TONE], this key function changes to “ENC” for activation of the CTCSS
    Encoder or DCS Encoder. Press the [A ](ENC) key to activate the encoder.
    Press and hold in the [A](TON/ENC) key for one second to recall Menu
    Mode No-083 [TONE FREQ] (for selecting the CTCSS tone frequency).
    [B] Key: –––/DEC
    Normally, this key does nothing.
    When the Split Tone feature is activated via Menu Mode No-079 [SPLIT
    TONE ], this key function changes to “DEC” to engage the DCS or
    CTCSS Decoder. Press the [B](DEC) key to activate the decoder.
    Press and hold in the [B ](DEC) key for one second to recall Menu
    Mode No-033 [DCS CODE] (for selecting the DCS code).
    [C] Key: TDCH
    Press the [C](TDCH) key to initiate CTCSS Tone or DCS Search.

    Multi Function Row “f” (MFf) [ARTS, SRCH, PMS]

    [A]

    [B]

    [ C]

    [A ] Key: ARTS
    Press the [A](ARTS) key to initiate the Auto-Range Transponder mode.
    Press and hold in the [A ](ARTS) key for one second to recall Menu
    Mode No-008 [ARTS BEEP] (for selecting the ARTS “Beep” option).
    [B] Key: SRCH
    Press the [B](SRCH) key to activate the Smart Search feature.
    Press the [B](SRCH) key to initiate Smart Search scanning.
    [C] Key: PMS
    Press the [C](PMS) key to activate the Programmable Memory Scan
    feature (programmable sub-band limits for tuning or scanning).

    Multi Function Row “g” (MFg) [SCN, PRI, DW]

    [A]

    26

    [B]

    [ C]

    [A ] Key: SCN
    Press the [A](SCN) key to initiate Scanning (in the direction of higher
    frequencies).
    [B] Key: PRI
    Press the [B](PRI) key to activate the Priority Scan feature.
    [C] Key: DW
    Press the [C](DW) key to activate the Dual Watch feature.

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 29

    FRONT PANEL CONTROL & SWITCHES
    MULTI FUNCTION KEY DETAIL
    Multi Function Row “h” (MFh) [SCOP, WID, STEP]

    [A]

    [B]

    [C]

    [A ] Key: SCOP
    Press the [A ](SCOP) key to activate the Spectrum Scope Monitor feature.
    Press and hold in the [A ](SCOP) key for one second to initiate the
    Spectrum Scope.
    [B] Key: WID
    Press the [B](WID) key to select the visible bandwidth for the Spectrum Scope Monitor.
    Press and hold in the [B](WID) key for one second to select the operating mode for the Spectrum Scope Monitor.
    [C] Key: STEP
    Press the [C](STEP) key to select the channel steps for Spectrum Scope
    Monitor.
    Press and hold in the [C](STEP) key for one second to activate the
    MAX HOLD feature, which will display and hold the peak signal
    strength level for each channel.

    Multi Function Row “i” (MFi) [MTR, –– –, DISP]

    [A]

    [B]

    [C]

    [A ] Key: MTR
    Pressing the [A](MTR) key repeatedly allows selection of the display
    function of the meter in the transmit mode.
    PWR ALC SWR MOD PWR ......
    The selected function will appear above the [B] key.
    Press and hold in the [A ](MTR) key for one second to recall Menu
    Mode No-062 [MTR PEAK HOLD] (for setting the “peak-Hold” function of the meter).
    [B] Key
    Pressing the [B] key repeatedly allows selection of the display function of the meter in the transmit mode.
    PWR MOD SWR ALC PWR ......
    [C] Key: DISP
    Press the [C](DISP) key to switch the display between the Large Character and Small Character modes. In the “Large Character” mode, the
    VFO/Memory label and the Mode indication will disappear, as the frequency display field is doubled in size.
    Press and hold in the [C ](DISP) key for one second to recall Menu
    Mode No-043 [DISP INTENSITY] (for setting of the display brightness level).

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    27



  • Page 30

    FRONT PANEL CONTROL & SWITCHES
    MULTI FUNCTION KEY DETAIL
    Multi Function Row “j” (MFj) [SPOT, BK, KYR]

    [A]

    [B]

    [ C]

    [A ] Key: SPOT
    Press the [A](SPOT) key to activate the CW spotting heterodyne oscillator.
    [B] Key: BK
    Press the [B](BK) key to enable CW “Semi-break-in” operation.
    Press and hold in the [B](BK) key for one second to recall Menu Mode
    No-029 [CW SIDE TONE] (for setting the CW side tone volume level).
    [C] Key: KYR
    Press the [C](KYR) key to activate the built-in Electronic Keyer.
    Press and hold in the [C ](KYR) key for one second to recall Menu
    Mode No-030 [CW SPEED] (for setting the Keyer speed).

    Multi Function Row “k” (MFk) [TUNE, DOWN, UP]

    [A]

    [B]

    [ C]

    [A ] Key: TUNE
    Press the [A ](TUNE) key to activate the optional FC-30 Automatic
    Antenna Tuner or ATAS-100/-120 Active-Tuning Antenna System.
    Press and hold in the [A ](TUNE) key for one second to initiate tuner or
    antenna retuning.
    [B] Key: DOWN
    Press and hold in the [B](DOWN) key to lower the ATAS-100/-120
    antenna manually.
    [C] Key: UP
    Press and hold in the [C](UP) key to raise the ATAS-100/-120 antenna manually.

    Multi Function Row “l” (MFl) [NB, AGC, –––]

    [A]

    28

    [B]

    [ C]

    [A ] Key: NB
    Press the [A ](NB) key to activate the receiver’s IF Noise Blanker.
    Press and hold in the [A ](NB) key for one second to recall Menu Mode
    No-063 [NB LEVEL] (for setting of the NB level).
    [B] Key: AGC
    Press the [B](AGC) key to disable the receiver’s AGC system. Normally, the AGC should be left On.
    [C] Key
    Press the [C] key to select the recovery time (Slow, Fast, or Auto) for
    the receiver’s AGC system.

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 31

    FRONT PANEL CONTROL & SWITCHES
    MULTI FUNCTION KEY DETAIL
    Multi Function Row “m” (MFm) [IPO, ATT, NAR]

    [A]

    [B]

    [C]

    [A ] Key: IPO
    Press the [A ](IPO) key to bypass the receiver preamplifier, thereby activating Intercept Point Optimization for improved overload characteristics while operating on the HF and 50 MHz bands.
    The IPO feature does not function on 144/430 MHz.
    [B] Key: ATT
    Press the [B](ATT) key to engage the receiver front-end attenuator,
    which will reduce all signals and noise by approximately 10 dB. T h e
    ATT feature does not function on 144/430 MHz.
    [C] Key: NAR
    Press the [C](NAR) key to select the low-deviation mode for HF FM
    operation on 29 MHz.

    Multi Function Row “n” (MFn) [CFIL,–– –,–––]

    [A]

    [B]

    [C]

    [A ] Key: CFIL
    Press the [A](CFIL) key to select the 2.4 kHz ceramic IF filter.
    [B] Key
    Press the [B] key to select the optional IF filter which is located on the
    “FIL-1” (Optional Filter 1) slot on the Main Unit.
    When an optional filter is not installed on the “FIL-1” slot, this key
    function is disabled, and its label is “N/A.”
    [C] Key
    Press the [C] key to select the optional IF filter which is located on the
    “FIL-2” (Optional Filter 2) slot on the Main Unit.
    When an optional filter is not installed on the “FIL-2” slot, this key
    function is disabled, and its label is “N/A.”

    Multi Function Row “o” (MFo) [PLY1, PLY2, PLY3]

    [A]

    [B]

    [C]

    [A ] Key: PLY1
    Press the [A](PLY1) key to send the CW message which is memorized
    in Keyer BEACON TEXT 1.
    Press and hold in the [A ](PLY1) key for one second to recall Menu
    Mode No-011 [BEACON TEXT 1] (for stores the message for the Beacon).
    [B] Key: PLY2
    Press the [B](PLY2) key to send the CW message which is memorized
    in Keyer BEACON TEXT 2.
    [C] Key: PLY3
    Press the [C](PLY3) key to send the CW message which is memorized
    in Keyer BEACON TEXT 3.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    29



  • Page 32

    FRONT PANEL CONTROL & SWITCHES
    MULTI FUNCTION KEY DETAIL
    Multi Function Row “p” (MFp) [DNR, DNF, DBF]

    [A]

    [B]

    [ C]

    [A ] Key: DNR
    Press the [A](DNR) key to activate the DSP Noise Reduction system .
    Press and hold in the [A ](DNR) key for one second to recall Menu
    Mode No-049 [DSP NR LEVEL] (for setting the degree of DSP Noise
    Reduction).
    [B] Key: DNF
    Press the [B](DNF) key to activate the DSP’s Auto Notch Filter.
    [C] Key: DBF
    Press the [C](DBF) key to activate the DSP’s receiver Bandpass Filter.
    In the SSB, AM, FM, and AFSK modes, press and hold in the [C](DBF)
    key for one second to recall Menu Mode No-047 [DSP LPF CUTOFF]
    (for adjusting the high-frequency cutoff of the DSP Bandpass Filter).
    Once there, rotating the SELECT knob one click counter-clockwise
    will select Menu Mode No-046, for adjustment of the low-frequency
    cutoff frequency.
    In the CW mode, press and hold in the [C](DBF) key for one second to
    recall Menu Item No-045 [DSP BPF WIDTH] (for setting the CW bandwidth).

    Multi Function Row “q” (MFq) [MONI, QSPL, ATC] (Programmable Keys)

    [A]

    [B]

    [ C]

    [A ] Key: MONI
    Press the [A ](MONI) key to disable the Noise Squelch.
    You may program the configuration of this key via Menu Item No065 [PG A].
    [B] Key: QSPL
    Press the [B](QSPL) key to activate the “Quick Split” feature, whereby
    you will change the Sub VFO frequency to be the Main VFO frequency
    + 5 kHz; you will also automatically engage the “Split VFO” feature.
    You may program the configuration of this key via Menu Item No066 [PG B].
    [C] Key: ATC
    Press the [C](ATC) key to activate a 1750-Hz burst tone for 2 seconds
    when pressing the PTT switch while the channel is clear.
    You may program the configuration of this key via Menu Item No067 [PG C].

    30

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 33

    FRONT PANEL CONTROL & SWITCHES
    LCD
    CTCSS/DCS Status
    :
    CTCSS Encoder Active (Split Tone “ON”)
    : CTCSS Encoder Active (Split Tone “OFF”)
    : CTCSS Encoder/DCS Decoder Active (Split Tone “ON”)
    : CTCSS Encoder/Decoder (Tone Squelch) Active (Split Tone “ON”)
    :
    DCS Encoder Active (Split Tone “ON”)
    : DCS Encoder Active (Split Tone “OFF”)
    : DCS Encoder/Decoder Active (Split Tone “ON”)
    : DCS Encoder/CTCSS Decoder Active (Split Tone “ON”)
    : CTCSS Encoder/Decoder (Tone Squelch) Active (Split Tone “OFF”)
    : DCS Encoder/Decoder Active (Split Tone “OFF”)

    APO Active

    Operating Mode

    :
    :

    : Odd Split
    Minus Shift
    Plus Shift

    : IPO Active
    : ATT Active
    : VOX Active
    : Priority Active
    : Dual Receive Active
    : DSP Active
    : HI Temperature
    : HI SWR (more the 3.0)
    SELECT knob Alternate Function

    VFO-A/B or
    Memory Channel Number

    Supply Voltage
    Antenna Tuner Status
    (See Below)

    S/PO Meter
    Transvert Mode

    Meter Status
    :
    S Meter
    : PO Meter
    : Modulation Meter
    : SWR Meter
    : ALC Meter

    Multi Function Key Status
    Operating Frequency

    : IF SHIFT Active
    : Clarifire Active
    : Key Lock “ON”
    / : Fast Tuning Step

    Antenna Tuner Status
    : FC-30 Active
    : ATAS-100/-120 Active
    : Antenna Tuning Progress
    : ATAS-100/-120 Initializing
    : HI SWR (more than 3.0)
    : ATAS-100/-120 out of tuning band
    : FC-30 out of tuning band

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    31



  • Page 34

    REAR PANEL CONNECTORS

    INPUT Jack
    This is the DC power supply connection for the transceiver. Use the supplied DC cable
    to connect this jack to the car battery or DC power supply,
    which must be capable of supplying at least 22 Amps @
    13.8 VDC. Make certain that the Red lead connects to the
    Positive (+) side of the power source, and that the Black BATT SENS
    lead connects to the Negative (–) side of the power source.
    This Jack also provides an Transmit Power Control terminal. If you connect pin-3 (BATT
    SENS) of the DC power jack to the ground, the FT-857D automatically switches to 20
    Watts (430 MHz: 10 Watts) of output power.

    CAT/LINEAR Jack
    This 8-pin mini-DIN jack is used for connection to the FC-30 External Automatic
    RESET
    BAND D
    Antenna Tuner. It is also used for interfacing to a personal computer for
    BAND C
    TX INH
    BAND DATA TX INH
    control of the transceiver using the RX D
    BAND B
    GND
    GND
    CAT system, and for interconnec- TX D
    BAND A
    +13.8V
    TX GND
    +13.8V
    tion to the VL-1000 Linear Ampli- TX GND
    LINEAR
    CAT
    /TUNER
    fier.

    32

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 35

    REAR PANEL CONNECTORS
    DATA Jack
    This 6-pin, mini-DIN jack accepts AFSK input from a Terminal Node Controller (TNC); it also provides fixed-level
    Receiver Audio Output, Push-To-Talk (PTT), Squelch Status, and ground lines.

    DATA OUT
    1200bps

    SQL
    DATA OUT
    9600bps

    PTT
    DATA IN

    GND

    DATA

    ACC Jack
    This 3.5-mm 3-pin jack accepts external ALC (Automatic Level Control) voltage from
    a linear amplifier on the tip connection, and accepts a “Transmit Request” command on
    the ring connection. The main shaft is the ground return.
    The “TX Request” connection, when shorted to ground, puts the FT857D into the transmit mode, and sends out a steady CW carrier, for EXT ALC GND
    TX REQ
    linear amplifier or manual antenna tuner adjustment.

    KEY Jack
    This 3.5-mm, 3-pin jack is used for connection to a CW keyer paddle or a straight key.

    EXT SPKR Jack
    This 3.5-mm, 2-pin jack provides variable audio output for an external speaker. The
    audio output impedance at this jack is 4 Ω ~ 16 Ω and the level varies
    according to the setting of the front panel’s AF control.
    SIGNAL GND

    144/430 MHz Antenna Jack
    Connect your 144 and/or 430 MHz antenna’s 50 Ω coaxial cable to this M-type (“SO239”) connector (European versions are equipped with a type-N connector).

    HF/50 MHz Antenna Jack
    Connect your HF and/or 50 MHz antenna’s 50 Ω coaxial cable to this M-type (“SO239”) connector.
    KEY GND

    DOT
    DOT

    KEY

    GND

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    DASH

    DASH
    COMMON

    COMMON

    33



  • Page 36

    OPERATION
    Hi! I’m R.F. Radio, and I’m here to guide you through the fine points of the setup
    and use of your new FT-857D. I know you’re anxious to get on the air, but I
    encourage you to read the “Operation” section of this manual as thoroughly as possible,
    so you’ll get the most out of this fantastic new rig. Now. . .let’s get operating!

    TURNING THE TRANSCEIVER ON AND OFF
    POWER

    To turn the transceiver on, press and hold in the
    POWER switch for one second.
    To turn the transceiver off, again press and hold in
    the POWER switch for one second.

    OPERATING BAND SELECTION
    This transceiver covers an incredibly wide frequency range, over which a number of different operating modes are used. Therefore, this transceiver’s frequency coverage has been
    divided into different operating bands, each of with has its own pre-set frequency steps and
    operating modes. You can change the channel steps and operating mode once you get started,
    of course, per the next section.
    [ BAND ( UP )]
    [ BAND ( DWN)]

    To change the frequency band, press either the
    [BAND(DWN)] or [BAND(UP)] key to move to the
    next lower or higher operating band, respectively.
    1) Recalling the 5 MHz band (U.S. model) requires different procedure. See page 38 for

    details.
    2) VFOa and VFOb are independent VFOs, so they may be set to different bands. See the
    “Stacked VFO System” discussion on page 37 for details.

    MODE SELECTION
    Press either the [MODE( )] or [MODE( )] key to move among the eight settings for the
    operating modes, respectively.
    ..... LSB

    USB

    CW

    CWR

    AM

    FM

    where “CWR” is “CW-Reverse,” using the opposite
    sideband from the “default” BFO injection sideband
    (in most cases, the default injection sideband is on the
    “USB” side); “DIG” is an AFSK-based Digital mode,
    set up per Menu Mode No-038 [DIG MODE] ; and
    “PKT” represents either 1200 or 9600 bps FM packet.

    34

    DIG

    PKT

    LSB .....

    [ MODE ( )] [( ) MODE ]

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 37

    OPERATION
    MODE SELECTION
    You can set VFOa and VFOb to different modes in the same band, allowing you
    to have a “Phone” VFO and a “CW” VFO, for example.

    ADJUSTING THE AUDIO VOLUME LEVEL
    Rotate the AF knob to set a comfortable listening level.

    AF

    When operating in the “DIG” or “PKT” modes, you
    may set the AF knob to any comfortable setting, or
    even all the way off, because the output from the DATA
    jack is a fixed-level audio signal.
    Start with the AF knob set fully counter-clockwise, especially when using FM (the
    background noise on FM can be surprisingly loud)!

    MENU QUICK START
    Many aspects of this transceiver’s configuration may be customized using the convenient
    “Menu” system, which allow you to configure many “set and forget” settings just the way
    you want to. A full discussion of the Menu system begins on page 94; for now, here is a
    brief discussion on how to change Menu settings:
    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second SELECT
    to enter the Menu mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall the Menu Item
    to be changed (for example, Menu Mode No-005
    [AM MIC GAIN], which allows setting of the Mic
    Gain for the AM mode).
    DIAL
    [FUNC]
    3. Rotate the DIAL knob to set this feature (in this
    example, the default setting is “50,” so rotate the DIAL knob if you want to raise or
    lower the Mic Gain level.
    4. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the new setting and exit to
    normal operation.
    If you had previously pressed the [FUNC] key to enable the changing of the function of the Multi Function keys ( [A], [B], and [C] ) by the SELECT knob, you’ll
    need to press it again after exiting the Menu mode.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    35



  • Page 38

    OPERATION
    ADJUSTING THE RF GAIN AND SQUELCH
    The SQL/RF Gain control is configured differently, SQL/RF
    depending on the country to which the FT-857D has
    been exported. In the U.S. version, the default function of this control is “RF Gain.” The configuration of
    the SQL/RF Gain control is set via Menu Mode No080 [SQL/RF GAIN]; see page 110 for details.
    If your transceiver is configured for “RF Gain” use, rotating this control fully clockwise in
    the SSB/CW/Digital modes will provide best sensitivity. To reduce the receiver’s RF Gain
    somewhat, rotate this control counter-clockwise slightly. You will observe an increasing
    number of bars on the S-meter as you rotate the RF Gain control counter-clockwise; this
    indicates increasing AGC voltage, which is causing the front-end gain to be reduced. In the
    FM and Packet modes, with “RF Gain” selected, the FT-857D goes into an “Auto Squelch”
    mode, with the Squelch level being preset at the factory.
    If this control is configured for “SQL” operation, the FT-857D’s RF Gain will be set for
    maximum sensitivity in all modes, and the SQL/RF Gain control will function solely as a
    Squelch control. In this case, rotate the SQL/RF Gain control to the point where the background noise is just silenced; this will provide the best sensitivity to weak signals, while
    keeping the receiver quiet when no signal is received. The LED just above the Main DIAL
    will glow Green when the squelch is opened by an incoming signal or noise.

    SETTING THE OPERATING FREQUENCY
    1. In the “SSB/CW/DIG” modes, rotate the DIAL knob to set the frequency. Clockwise
    rotation of the DIAL increases the operating frequency.
    2. In the “AM/FM/PKT” modes, rotate the SELECT
    knob to set the frequency. Clockwise rotation of
    the SELECT knob increases the operating freSELECT
    DIAL
    quency.
    3. You may also use the SELECT knob to adjust the operating frequency in the “SSB/
    CW/DIG” modes. The SELECT knob provides faster tuning, ideal for making quick
    changes in frequency when you want to move across the band in a hurry. You can then
    use the DIAL knob to make fine frequency adjustments.
    The synthesizer steps for the SELECT knob may be adjusted independently by mode. Use
    Menu Mode No-006 [AM STEP] for AM, No-052 [FM STEP] for FM, and No-082 [SSB
    STEP] for SSB/CW/DIG. See pages 97, 105, and 110 for details.
    If you press the SELECT knob momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, you can now

    36

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 39

    OPERATION
    SETTING THE OPERATING FREQUENCY
    change the operating frequency in 1 MHz steps, allowing very quick frequency excursions.
    This can be particularly helpful on the VHF and UHF bands.
    In step 2 above, it was mentioned that tuning in the “AM/FM/PKT” modes is accomplished
    using the SELECT knob. By default, the DIAL is disabled in these modes; if you wish to
    enable the DIAL in these modes, use Menu Mode No-004 [AM&FM DIAL]; see page 97.
    The main DIAL synthesizer’s tuning rate (the number of steps per rotation of the
    DIAL) can be adjusted using Menu Mode No-035 [DIAL STEP]. See page 102
    for details.

    CHANGING THE DIAL SPEED
    By default, the FT-857 begins operation in the “fine tuning” mode for the main tuning dial.
    However, a faster tuning rate may be selected, for quick navigation up and down the band.
    To engage the “Fast Tuning” mode, just press the POWER switch momentarily while the
    transceiver is on. You will observe a small “ ” icon in
    POWER
    the bottom right-hand corner of the LCD, and as you
    rotate the main tuning dial you will notice that the tuning rate has increased significantly. Press the POWER
    switch momentarily once more to return to the “Slow
    Tuning” mode (the small “ ” will disappear).

    STACKED VFO SYSTEM
    Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until Multi
    Function Row “a” [A/B, A=B, SPL] appears on the display.
    Now press the [A](A/B) key to toggle between the “A” and “B” VFOs. There are two such
    VFOs provided on each Amateur band, so you may set VFO-A to the CW sub-band, and
    VFO-B to the SSB sub-band, if you like. The operating mode will be preserved, along with
    the frequency information, on each VFO.
    When changing bands on either the “A” or “B” VFO, the two VFOs do not change
    bands together. This facilitates split-band operation, such as on FM satellites.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    37



  • Page 40

    OPERATION
    OPERATION ON 5 MHZ BAND (U.S. VERSION ONLY)
    The FT-857D includes the capability for transmission and reception on the five spot frequencies assigned to the Amateur Service in the United States. To operate on the 5 MHz
    band:
    1. Press the [M/V] key once to enter the “Memory” mode (a memory channel number “Mnnn” will appear on the display in the space previously occupied by “VFOa” or “VFOb”).
    2. Memory channels “M-601” through “M-605” are pre-pro- CH No. FREQUENCY
    M - 601 5.332 MHz
    grammed, at the factory, with the permitted frequencies in the 5
    M - 602 5.348 MHz
    MHz band, and the USB mode is automatically selected on these
    M - 603 5.368 MHz
    channels.
    M - 604 5.373 MHz
    M - 605 5.405 MHz
    If you have partitioned your memory channels into Memory
    Groups via Menu Mode No-055 [MEM GROUP], the memory channel numbers for 60meter operation will be displayed as “Ml - 001” ~ “Ml - 005.” See page 76 for details
    regarding Memory Group operation, and page 106 for details regarding Menu Mode
    No-055 [MEM GROUP].
    3. To exit from 60-meter operatin and return to the VFO mode, just press the [M/V] key
    (the memory channel number will be replaced by “VFOa” or “VFOb”).
    The frequencies and operating mode for 5 MHz band operation are both fixed,
    and may not be changed.

    38

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 41

    RECEIVER ACCESSORIES
    LOCKING FRONT PANEL CONTROLS
    The front panel LOCK button allows you to
    disable the DIAL and/or the front panel controls.

    [ LOCK ]

    In the transceiver’s default configuration,
    pressing the [LOCK] button disables just the DIAL, while the other keys and switches are
    unaffected. To lock out the remainder of the controls and the SELECT knob, use Menu
    Mode No-054 [LOCK MODE]:
    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-001 [EXT MENU], then rotate the
    DIAL to change the setting to “ON” to enable the extended Menu Mode.
    3. Rotate the SELECT knob so as to recall No-054 [LOCK MODE].
    4. Rotate the DIAL to select the desired configuration:
    DIAL: Locks DIAL knob only.
    FREQ: Locks front panel keys and knobs related to frequency control (such as
    BAND(DWN) and BAND(UP) key, [A](A/B) key., etc.).
    PANEL: Locks all front panel keys and knobs (except POWER and [LOCK] keys).
    ALL:
    Locks all front panel keys and knobs (except POWER and [LOCK] keys) and
    locks the microphone keys.
    5. When you have made your selection, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second
    to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
    When the controls are locked out (small “ ” icon will appear at the bottom right-hand
    corner of the LCD), press the LOCK button once more to release them to normal operation.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    39



  • Page 42

    RECEIVER ACCESSORIES
    CLARIFIER (RECEIVER INCREMENTAL TUNING)
    The Clarifier (RIT) allows you to set an offset of up to ±9.99 kHz of the receive frequency
    relative to your transmit frequency. To achieve a wider offset than this, you may use the
    “Split” operating mode, described later.
    1. Press the [CLAR] button momentarily to activate SELECT
    the Clarifier function.
    2. Turn the SELECT knob, which allows the receiver
    frequency to be varied over a range of ±9.99 kHz.
    3. When the receiving frequency is higher than transmit frequency, the “ (within 1 kHz)” or “ (be[CLAR ]
    yond 1 kHz)” icon will appear to the right of the
    frequency display. Similarly, when the receiving frequency
    is lower than transmit frequency, the “ (within 1 kHz)”
    or “ (beyond 1 kHz)” icon will appear to the right of the
    frequency display. When the receiving frequency is equal
    to transmit frequency (Clarifier offset is zero) while the
    Clarifier is activated, the “ ” icon will appear to the right
    of the frequency display.
    4. To turn the Clarifier off, again press the [CLAR] button
    momentarily. When you turn the Clarifier back on, the
    offset previously stored will still be applied.
    5. To reset the Clarifier offset to zero, turn the Clarifier off,
    then turn the DIAL by any amount. The Clarifier will reset to zero after the first “step” of the DIAL.
    1) If you leave the Clarifier on, moving the DIAL
    will not cause the offset to be cancelled.
    2) You may change the knob that controls the Clarifier offset from the DIAL to the SELECT knob via Menu Mode
    No-021 [CLAR DIAL SEL].

    40

    [TX<RX (exceed 1 KHz)]

    [TX<RX (within 1 KHz)]

    [TX=RX (simplex)]

    [TX>RX (within 1 KHz)]

    [TX>RX (exceed 1 KHz)]

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 43

    RECEIVER ACCESSORIES
    IF SHIFT
    The receiver’s IF SHIFT feature is an effective interference-reduction tool, which allows
    you to shift the passband response higher or lower without changing the pitch of the incoming signal.
    1. Press and hold in the [CLAR] button for one sec- SELECT
    ond to activate the IF SHIFT feature. An icon, such
    as “ ”, “ ” (slightly shifted to the upper side),
    “ ” (more shifted to the upper side), “ ”(slightly
    shifted to the lower side),” or “ ” (more shifted to
    the lower side)” icon will appear at the right of the
    [CLAR ]
    frequency display to indicate the IF SHIFT’s current position.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, to reduce or eliminate the interference.
    3. To turn the IF SHIFT feature off, again press and hold in (more shifted to the upper side)
    the [CLAR] button for one second. The last setting of the
    IF SHIFT control will be retained until you change it again.
    If you wish to make a more permanent shift in the receiver’s
    IF passband, use Menu Mode No-015 [CAR LSB R] (for LSB
    mode) or No-017 [CAR USB R] (for USB mode). This allows you to set up a higher or lower listening pitch, if you
    prefer such as compared to the default passband response.
    See page 99.

    (slightly shifted to the upper side)

    (slightly shifted to the lower side)

    (more shifted to the lower side)

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    41



  • Page 44

    RECEIVER ACCESSORIES
    AGC (AUTOMATIC GAIN CONTROL)
    The receiver recovery time constant of the AGC system may be modified to match your
    operating needs.
    1. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “l” [NB, AGC, AUTO] appears on the display.
    2. Press the [C] key to toggle the AGC recovery time constant among the following selections:
    AUTO FAST SLOW AUTO > .....
    where “AUTO” represents “FAST” on CW and DIG (AFSK), and “SLOW” on the voice
    modes.
    If you disable the AGC by pressing the [B](AGC) key (to make the parentheses
    disappear), the S-meter (which monitors AGC voltage) will cease to function.
    Depending on the setting of the RF Gain control, incoming signals will probably be
    distorted if the AGC is turned off.

    NOISE BLANKER
    The IF Noise Blanker may be useful in reducing or eliminating some types of impulse
    noise, especially noise generated by automotive ignition systems.
    1. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “l” [NB, AGC, OFF] appears on the display.
    2. Press the [A](NB) key to activate the Noise Blanker. The “ ” icon will appear at the left
    side of the “NB” selection, indicating that the Noise Blanker is now on.
    3. To adjust the blanking level, press and hold in the [A](NB) key for one second. This
    instantly activates Menu Mode No-063 [NB LEVEL], which allows adjustment of Noise
    Blanking Level. Rotate the DIAL knob to set a higher or lower blanking level (on a
    scale of 0 to 100). When done, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save
    the new setting and return to normal operation.
    4. Press the [A](NB) key again to turn the Noise Blanker off.
    During very crowded band conditions, you may wish to turn the Noise Blanker
    off, as its use will degrade the strong-signal-handling capability of the receiver
    somewhat.

    42

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 45

    RECEIVER ACCESSORIES
    IPO (INTERCEPT POINT OPTIMIZATION)
    The IPO feature bypasses the receiver RF preamplifier, thereby eliminating the preamp’s
    gain. This feature is not available on the 144 MHz and 430 MHz bands.
    1. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “m” [IPO, ATT, NAR] appears on the display.
    2. Press the [A](IPO) key to bypass the receiver input preamplifier. The “ ” icon will
    appear at the left side of the “IPO” selection, and the “ ” icon will appear on the display.
    indicating that the preamp is now disengaged from the receiver circuit.
    3. Press the [A](IPO) key once more to re-activate the preamp.
    On the bands below 14 MHz, the input preamplifier is rarely necessary, and activation of the IPO feature will provide substantial protection against
    intermodulation and other problems associated with strong signal input to the receiver.
    Rule of thumb: so long as the S-meter is moving on background noise, additional frontend gain is not necessary.

    ATT (FRONT END ATTENUATOR)
    The Attenuator will reduce all signals (and noise) by 10 dB, and it may be used to make
    reception more pleasant under extremely noisy conditions. This feature is not available on
    the 144 MHz and 430 MHz bands.
    1. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “m” [IPO, ATT, NAR] appears on the display.
    2. Press the [B](ATT) key to activate the Attenuator. The “ ” icon will appear at the left
    side of the “ATT” selection, and the “ ” icon will appear on the display.
    3. Press the [B](ATT) key once more to switch the Attenuator out of the receiver front end
    circuit. Signals will again be received at a level 10 dB louder than was the case when the
    Attenuator was engaged.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    43



  • Page 46

    RECEIVER ACCESSORIES
    DSP BANDPASS FILTER (DBF)
    In the SSB mode, the receiver’s selectivity may be enhanced via the DSP Bandpass Filter.
    1. Press the [DSP] key momentarily. This instantly activates Multi Function Row “p”
    [DNR, DNF, DBF].
    2. Press the [C](DBF) key to activate the DSP Bandpass Filter. The “ ” icon will appear at
    the left side of the “DBF” selection, and the “
    ” notation will appear at the top of the
    display, to the right of the center. You will notice a decrease in both background noise
    and interference, if any is present.
    3. The bandwidth of the DSP filter may be modified, to customize the bandwidth to your
    operating needs. To adjust the Low-Cut and High-Cut characteristics of the DSP Bandpass
    Filter:
    Press and hold in the [C](DBF) key for one second. This instantly activates Menu
    Mode No-047 [DSP LPF CUTOFF], which allows adjustment of the High-Cut (LowPass) filter.
    Turn the DIAL, as desired, to adjust the high-frequency cutoff of the DSP Bandpass
    Filter.
    Now rotate the SELECT knob one click counter-clockwise to select Menu Mode
    No-046 [DSP HPF CUTOFF], which allows adjustment of the Low-Cut (High-Pass)
    filter.
    Turn the DIAL, as desired, to adjust the low-frequency cutoff of the DSP Bandpass
    Filter.
    When done, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the new
    setting(s) and return to normal operation.
    4. Press the [C](DBF) key once more to disable the DSP Bandpass Filter.

    44

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 47

    RECEIVER ACCESSORIES
    DSP CW PEAKING FILTER (DBF)
    In the CW mode, pressing the [C](DBF) key in Multi Function Row “p” [DNR, DNF, DBF]
    activates a narrow-bandwidth peaking filter, which may be ideal for use under very crowded
    conditions. The DSP CW Peaking Filter also is especially helpful under VHF/UHF weaksignal situations.
    The center frequency of the DSP CW Peaking Filter is automatically aligned to be centered
    on the response you have selected via the Menu Mode in item No-027 [CW PITCH]. See
    page 101 for details.
    1. To change the bandwidth of the DSP CW Peaking Filter:
    2. Press and hold in the [C](DBF) key for one second on the CW mode. This instantly
    activates Menu Mode No-045 [DSP BPF WIDTH], which allows selection of the bandwidth of the DSP CW Peaking Filter.
    3. Rotate the DIAL to select the desired bandwidth. The available values are 60 Hz, 120
    Hz, and 240 Hz (default value: 240 Hz).
    4. When you have made your selection, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second
    to save the new setting and return to normal operation.

    DSP NOISE REDUCTION (DNR)
    The Noise Reduction feature of the DSP system may be used to enhance signal-to-noise
    ratio on weak signals.
    1. Press the [DSP] key momentarily. This instantly activates Multi Function Row “p”
    [DNR, DNF, DBF].
    2. Press the [A](DNR) key to activate the DSP Noise Reduction feature. The “ ” icon will
    appear at the left side of the “DNR” indication, and the “
    ” notation will appear at
    the top on the display.
    3. Now press and hold in the [A](DNR) key for one second. This instantly activates Menu
    Mode No-049 [DSP NR LEVEL], which allows adjustment of the DSP Noise Reduction
    level.
    4. Rotate the DIAL to find the point where best signal-to-noise ratio is obtained under the
    current noise conditions.
    5. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the new setting and exit to
    normal operation.
    6. To turn off the DSP Noise Reduction feature, press the [A](DNR) key again.
    If noise is present at a level which causes indication on the S-meter, the performance of the Noise Reduction filter may be enhanced by rotating the SQL/RF
    (RF Gain) control in a counter-clockwise direction so as to set the (fixed) S-meter reading at the same level as the noise peaks. This adjustment raises the AGC threshold of the
    receiver.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    45



  • Page 48

    RECEIVER ACCESSORIES
    DSP NOTCH FILTER (DNF)
    The DSP system’s Notch Filter may be helpful in removing one or more offending carrier
    or heterodyne signals from the audio passband.
    1. Press the [DSP] key momentarily. This instantly activates Multi Function Row “p”
    [DNR, DNF, DBF].
    2. Press the [B](DNF) key to activate the Notch Filter. The “ ” icon will appear at the left
    side of the “DNF” indication, and the “
    ” notation will appear at the top on the
    display. You will notice that the audio level of the carrier signal is now being reduced.
    3. Press the [B](DNF) key once more to turn the Notch Filter off.
    Do not activate this filter in the CW mode, as incoming CW signals will be notched
    out of the audio passband!

    AM/FM TUNING DIAL OPERATION
    In the AM and FM modes, the DIAL knob is locked out (via the setting of Menu Mode No004 [AM&FM DIAL]) so as to allow “channelized” tuning on these modes. To adjust the
    operating frequency, simply rotate the SELECT knob.
    If you wish to enable the DIAL for tuning in the AM and FM modes, change the setting of
    Menu Mode No-004 [AM&FM DIAL]. See page 97 for details.
    The “channelized” mode of tuning on AM and FM automatically rounds off the
    frequency to the next “logical” step when you rotate the SELECT knob one “click”
    in either direction. This eliminates the inconvenience of having to preset the frequency to
    an “even” channel.

    46

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 49

    RECEIVER ACCESSORIES
    AUTOMATIC POWER-OFF FEATURE
    The APO feature helps conserve battery life by automatically turning the transceiver off
    after a user-defined period of time within which there has been no dial or key activity. The
    available selections for the time before power-off are 1 ~ 6 hours, as well as “APO Off.”
    The default condition for the APO is OFF, and here is the procedure for activating it:
    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-007 [APO TIME].
    3. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired time period after which the radio will automatically shut down.
    4. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the new setting and exit to
    normal operation.
    Once you have programmed a time interval, the APO countdown timer will start whenever
    some front panel action (tuning, transmission, etc.) is completed.
    When the APO is activated, the “ ” icon will appear at the center top on the LCD. If there
    is no action by you within the time interval programmed, the microprocessor will shut
    down the radio automatically.
    Just press and hold in the POWER switch for one second to turn the transceiver back on
    after an APO shutdown, as usual.
    The APO feature will be disabled while using the Beacon or ARTS features, even
    if the APO feature is set to “ON.”

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    47



  • Page 50

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    SSB/AM TRANSMISSION
    Basic Setup/Operation
    1. Press the [MODE( )] or [MODE( )] key so as to select either SSB (LSB/USB) or the
    AM mode. In the SSB mode, if you are operating on the 7 MHz or lower bands, select
    the LSB mode. If you are operating on the 14 MHz or higher bands, select the USB
    mode.
    2. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “i” [MTR, PWR, DISP] appears on the display.
    3. Now press the [A](MTR) or [B] key to select the “ALC” meter function (“ALC” will
    appear above the [B] key). You may need to press the [A] or [B] key multiple times, as
    you will be toggling through several selections.
    4. Press the microphone’s PTT switch, and speak into the microphone in a normal voice
    level while watching the meter. The ideal audio input level to the transmitter from the
    microphone will cause a few “segments” of indication on the ALC meter. Release the
    PTT switch to return to receive mode.
    5. If the ALC meter is too high, or too low, you may need to reset the Microphone Gain:
    Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-081 [SSB MIC GAIN] (on SSB)
    or No-005 [AM MIC GAIN] (on AM).
    Close the PTT switch, and while speaking into the microphone rotate the DIAL until
    the proper ALC indication is achieved on voice peaks.
    When done, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the new
    setting for the Microphone Gain.
    1) The AM carrier level is preset to 25 Watts during alignment at the factory, and
    should not require further adjustment. It is important to remember that AM transmission requires that power must be distributed among the carrier and voice sidebands;
    therefore, if excessive carrier power is used, there will be insufficient power available for
    the information-carrying voice sidebands.
    2) The [TONE] switch on the back of the MH-31A8J microphone provides adjustment of
    the microphone’s frequency response. Setting this switch to the “2” position will roll off
    some of the bass response, resulting in improved “talk power” in many instances. The
    “1” position is primarily used in countries like Japan, where vowel sounds are of critical
    importance in conveying information; in Western languages, consonant sounds (which
    are rich in high-frequency components) are frequently more important.

    48

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 51

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    SSB/AM TRANSMISSION
    VOX Operation
    The VOX system provides automatic transmit/receive switching based on voice input to the
    microphone. With the VOX system enabled, you do not need to press the PTT switch in
    order to transmit.
    1. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “d” [RPT, REV, VOX] appears on the display.
    2. Press the [C](VOX) key to activate the VOX circuitry. The “ ” icon will appear at the
    left side of the “VOX” notation, and the “ ” icon will appear on the display.
    3. Without pressing the PTT switch, speak into the microphone in a normal voice level.
    When you start speaking, the transmitter should be activated automatically. When you
    finish speaking, the transceiver should return to the receive mode (after a short delay).
    4. To cancel VOX and return to PTT operation, again press the [C](VOX) key. The “ ”
    icon and “ ” icon will disappear, signifying that the VOX system has been turned off.
    5. The VOX Gain may be adjusted, so as to prevent accidental transmitter activation in a
    noisy environment. To adjust the VOX Gain:
    While still in Multi Function Row “d” [RPT, REV, VOX], press and hold in the
    [C](VOX) key for one second. This is a “hot key” feature which will instantly recall
    Menu Mode No-088 [VOX GAIN].
    While speaking into the microphone, rotate the DIAL to the point where the transmitter is quickly activated by your voice, without causing background noise to activate the transmitter.
    When you have selected the optimum setting, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for
    one second to save the new settings and return to normal operation.
    6. The “Hang-Time” of the VOX system (the transmit-receive delay after the cessation of
    speech) may also be adjusted via the Menu. The default delay is 500 ms. To set a different delay time:
    Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to activate the Menu mode.
    Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-001 [EXT MENU], then rotate
    the DIAL to change the setting to “ON” to enable the extended Menu Mode.
    Rotate the SELECT knob to select Menu Mode No-087 [VOX DELAY].
    Rotate the DIAL while saying a brief syllable like “Ah” and listening to the hang
    time, so as to set the desired delay.
    When your adjustments are complete, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one
    second to save the new setting and return to normal operation.
    The delay time for return to the receive mode is set independently on CW and
    voice modes; for CW, use Menu Mode No-024 [CW DELAY] (see next chapter).

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    49



  • Page 52

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    SSB/AM TRANSMISSION
    AF Speech Processor Operation
    The AF Speech Processor increases your average power output while operating on SSB
    and AM modes.
    1. Press the [FUNC] key, then rotate the SELECT knob, as necessary, to recall Multi
    Function Row “c” [STO, RCL, PROC].
    2. Press the [C](PROC) key to activate the AF Speech Processor. The “ ” icon will appear
    at the left side of the “PROC” notation.
    3. Now press the PTT key (unless you have VOX enabled), and speak into the microphone in a normal voice level, as usual.
    4. To deactivate the AF Speech Processor, again press the [C](PROC) key.
    5. The Compression Level may be adjusted via the Menu, as follows:
    While still in Multi Function Row “c” [STO, RCL, PROC], press and hold in the
    [C](PROC) key for one second. This instantly recalls Menu Mode No-074 [PROC
    LEVEL].
    Rotate the DIAL to set a new level of Compression (the default value is “50”).
    When you have made your selection, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one
    second to save your new setting and return to normal operation.
    Make some on-the-air checks, or use a monitor receiver in your station, to ensure
    that good voice quality has been obtained via your adjustment.
    Excessive advancement of the Compression Level may lead to distortion. Each
    operator’s voice pattern is different, so try several settings to find the one which is
    best for your voice.

    50

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 53

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    SSB/AM TRANSMISSION
    DSP Microphone Equalizer
    In the SSB, AM, and FM transmission modes, you may use the DSP system to change the
    frequency response of the audio stage. This will allow you to roll off excessive high- and/or
    low-frequency components of your voice’s audio characteristics.
    To set up the DSP Microphone Equalizer feature:
    1. Press and hold in the [DSP] key for one second. This instantly activates Menu Mode
    No-048 [DSP MIC EQ].
    2. Rotate the DIAL to select one of the following equalization choices:
    OFF: Microphone Equalization Off
    LPF: High Cut (lower frequencies are emphasized)
    HPF: Low Cut (higher frequencies are emphasized)
    BOTH: High/Low Cut (mid-range frequencies are emphasized)
    3. When you have made your selection, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second
    to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    51



  • Page 54

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    CW TRANSMISSION
    Operation using Straight Key/External Keying Device
    When using a straight key, an external electronic keyer, or a computer-generated keying
    device, please follow the instructions in this section.
    1. Insert your key’s plug into the rear-panel KEY jack.
    KEY GND
    2. Press the [MODE( )] or [MODE( )] key, as needed, to select
    KEY
    GND
    one of the CW modes (CW/CWR).
    The “CW” mode utilizes USB-side carrier injection, while the
    CWR (Reverse) mode utilizes LSB-side injection.
    3. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT
    knob to select Multi-Function Row “j” [SPOT, BK, KYR]; press
    the [B](BK) key to engage the “break-in” system; the “ ” icon
    will appear at the left side of the “BK” notation.
    4. When you close the key (or activate your computer-generated keying interface by whatever means), the transmitter will automatically be engaged. When you have finished
    sending, the receiver will return, after a brief delay (see next section).
    5. The CW “hang time” (the delay after the last character is sent, until the transceiver
    switches to the receive mode) can be adjusted using the Menu Mode. To adjust the CW
    hang time:
    Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    Rotate the SELECT knob to Menu Mode No-024 [CW DELAY].
    Rotate the DIAL to select a longer or shorter delay time (default: 250 ms). If the
    delay selection is set to “FULL,” the transceiver will operate in the full break-in
    mode (allowing you to hear between the characters that are being sent).
    When you have set the desired delay, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one
    second to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.
    6. To practice your CW sending (without transmitting), press the [B](BK) key to make the
    “ ” icon disappear. Now, pressing the key will cause the CW sidetone to be heard, but
    your radio will not be transmitting a signal on the air.
    7. You can adjust the CW sidetone volume level via Menu Mode No-029 [CW SIDE TONE].
    To adjust the CW sidetone volume level:
    While still in Multi Function Row “j” [SPOT, BK, KYR], press and hold in the [B](BK)
    key for one second. This is a “hot key” feature which will instantly recall Menu
    Mode No-029 [CW SIDE TONE].
    Rotate the DIAL to select a new level; on the arbitrary scale of “0” ~ “100,” the
    default value is “50.”
    When done, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the new
    setting and exit to normal operation.
    8. You also can adjust the CW sidetone pitch using Menu Mode No-027 [CW PITCH].

    52

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 55

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    CW TRANSMISSION
    This adjustment also controls the BFO offset (actual pitch of your transmitted signal
    relative to your current receive frequency). To adjust the CW sidetone pitch:
    Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    Rotate the SELECT knob to Menu Mode No-027 [CW PITCH].
    Rotate the DIAL to select a new pitch tone/BFO offset. The available offset range is
    400 ~ 800 Hz (default value is “700 Hz”).
    When done, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the new
    setting and exit to normal operation.
    9. The FT-857D also has a “CW SPOT” feature, utilizing the sidetone. Because the sidetone
    is a representation of the actual pitch of your transmitted signal, it may be used for
    zeroing in on another station. To activate the CW SPOT tone, just press and hold in the
    [HOME] key for one second while in the CW mode.
    Pressing the [A](SPOT) key while in Multi Function Row “j” [SPOT, BK, KYR]
    will also activate the CW SPOT tone.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    53



  • Page 56

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    CW TRANSMISSION
    Using the Built-in Electronic Keyer
    The built-in Electronic Keyer provides a convenient method of generating CW. The Electronic Keyer includes weight and speed adjustments.
    1. Connect your keyer paddle’s cable to the KEY jack on the rear
    DOT
    DASH
    DOT
    COMMON
    panel of the transceiver.
    2. Press the [MODE( )] or [MODE( )] key, as needed, to se- DASH
    COMMON
    lect the desired CW mode (CW/CWR).
    3. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT
    knob, as needed, until Multi Function Row “j” [SPOT, BK,
    KYR] appears on the display.
    4. Press the [C](KYR) key to activate the Electronic Keyer. The
    “ ” icon will appear at the left side of the “KYR” indication.
    Closing the contacts on your keyer paddle will now cause CW dots and/or dashes to be
    generated.
    5. The keyer speed may be adjusted using the Menu Mode. To adjust the Keyer speed:
    While still in Multi Function Row “j” [SPOT, BK, KYR], press and hold in the [C](KYR)
    key for one second. This is a “hot key” feature which will instantly recall Menu
    Mode No-030 [CW SPEED].
    Press the SELECT knob if you wish to select display of “cpm” (characters per
    minute) instead of “wpm” (words per minute). The “cpm” selection is based on the
    international “PARIS” standard, which stipulates five characters per word.
    Rotate the DIAL knob, while sending, to set the desired sending speed.
    When done, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the new
    setting and exit to normal operation.
    6. The Dot:Dash weighting ratio may be adjusted via Menu Mode. To adjust the Dot:Dash
    weighting ratio:
    Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one secDot : Dash = 1 : 3 (Default)
    ond to enter the Menu mode.
    Q
    C
    Dot : 1
    Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode
    Dash : 3
    No-001 [EXT MENU], then rotate the DIAL to
    change the setting to “ON” to enable the exDot : Dash = 1 : 4.4
    tended Menu Mode.
    Q
    C
    Dot : 1
    Rotate the SELECT knob to select Menu Mode
    Dash : 4.4
    No-032 [CW WEIGHT].
    Rotate the DIAL knob to set the desired weight.
    When done, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the new
    setting and exit to normal operation.
    7. You may select “normal” or “reverse” paddle polarity via Menu Mode No-025 [CW

    54

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 57

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    CW TRANSMISSION
    KEY REV]. The default setting for this feature is “NORMAL,” whereby the “Tip” connection on the Key Plug is “Dot” and the “Ring” connection is “Dash.” To change the
    paddle polarity:
    Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-001 [EXT MENU], then rotate
    the DIAL to change the setting to “ON” to enable the extended Menu Mode, if needed.
    Rotate the SELECT knob to select Menu Mode No-025 [CW KEY REV].
    Rotate the DIAL knob to select the new setting.
    When done, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the new
    setting and exit to normal operation.
    Menu Mode No-025 [CW KEY REV] is most frequently utilized five minutes before a contest, when you realize your keyer paddle is wired backwards!

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    55



  • Page 58

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    FM TRANSMISSION
    Basic Setup/Operation
    1. Press the [MODE( )] or [MODE( )] key so as to select the FM mode.
    2. Press the microphone’s PTT switch, and speak into the microphone in a normal voice.
    Release the PTT switch to return to the receive mode.
    3. If you get reports that your modulation level is too high or too low, you may need to
    adjust the FM-mode microphone gain. The procedure is similar to that used on SSB:
    Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “i” [MTR, PWR, DISP] appears on the display, then press the
    [A](MTR) key to select the “Deviation” meter function (“MOD” will appear above
    the [B] key).
    4. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    5. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-001 [EXT MENU], then rotate the
    DIAL to change the setting to “ON” to enable the extended Menu Mode.
    6. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-051 [FM MIC GAIN].
    7. Rotate the DIAL to increase or decrease the setting of the FM Mic Gain, depending on
    the level correction required.
    8. Close the PTT switch, and while speaking into the microphone observe the
    meter indication; the proper setting of the FM Mic Gain will produce 16
    “bars” of indication on voice peaks, slightly less on lower levels of speech
    input.
    9. When done, press and hold in the [FUNC] key to save the new setting for the FM-mode
    microphone gain.
    10. The VOX feature is operational during FM transmission. From Multi Function Row “d”
    [RPT, REV, VOX], press the [C](VOX) key to activate/deactivate VOX.

    56

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 59

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    FM TRANSMISSION
    Repeater Operation
    1. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “d” [RPT, REV, VOX] appears on the display.
    2. Press the [A](RPT) key to activate repeater operation. One press of the [A](RPT) key
    will have set the transceiver for “Minus Shift” operation. In this situation, you will
    observe the “–” indicator on the display. The transmitter frequency will be shifted down
    by a default value so as to access the repeater input frequency. If your repeater uses a
    positive shift (instead of negative), press the [A](RPT) key again; the “+” indicator will
    replace the “–” indicator on the display. Set the transceiver’s receiver to the repeater
    output (downlink) frequency. Close the PTT switch and speak into the microphone.
    You will observe that the transmitted frequency has shifted according to the setting of
    the [A](RPT) key in the Multi Function Row “d” [RPT, REV, VOX]. Release the PTT
    switch to return to the Receive mode.
    3. If the default repeater shift is not appropriate for the majority of the repeaters your area,
    it may be set independently for each band. To
    ARS-Repeater Subbands
    change the default repeater shift:
    2-m
    Version A
    Press and hold in the [A](RPT) key for one 145.1 145.5 146.0 146.4
    147.0
    147.6 148.0
    second. This instantly recalls Menu Mode No146.6
    147.4
    145.6 145.8
    European Version
    076 [RPT SHIFT].
    70-cm
    Rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired shift
    440.0
    445.0
    450.0
    Version A
    frequency.
    438.20
    439.45
    When done, press and hold in the [FUNC] key
    Euro Version 1
    Euro
    Version
    2
    for one second to save the new setting and exit
    433.00
    433.40
    to normal operation.
    4. If your repeater uses controlled access (using either CTCSS or DCS), press the [FUNC]
    key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob one click clockwise to cause Multi
    Function Row “e” [TON, – – –, TDCH] to appear on the display. Now select the appropriate tone access system:
    Press the [A](TON) key to activate the CTCSS tone encoder, which provides a
    subaudible repeater access tone. One press of the [A](TON) key will activate the
    CTCSS tone encoder. In this situation, you will observe the “TEN” indicator on the
    display. If you press the [A](TON) key repeatedly, you will observe “TSQ” (CTCSS
    Encode/Decode), “DEN” (Digital Coded Squelch, Encode), followed by “DCS” (Digital Coded Squelch, Encode/Decode). One additional press will disable all repeateraccess tone systems. See the next section for a discussion of DCS operation.
    If the default repeater access tone is not appropriate for the repeater on which you
    are operating, it may be set easily:
    (1) Press and hold in the [A](TON) key for one second. This instantly recalls Menu

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    57



  • Page 60

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    FM TRANSMISSION
    Mode No-083 [TONE FREQ].
    CTCSS TONE FREQUENCY (Hz)
    (2) Rotate the DIAL knob to select the
    67.0
    69.3
    71.9
    74.4
    77.0
    79.7
    82.5
    85.4
    88.5
    91.5
    94.8
    97.4
    desired CTCSS frequency.
    (3) When done, press and hold in the 100.0 103.5 107.2 110.9 114.8 118.8
    [FUNC] key for one second to save 123.0 127.3 131.8 136.5 141.3 146.2
    151.4
    156.7
    159.8
    162.2
    165.5
    167.9
    the new setting and exit to normal
    171.3
    173.8
    177.3
    179.9
    183.5
    186.2
    operation.
    189.9
    192.8
    196.6
    199.5
    203.5
    206.5
    5. With repeater shift activated, you can tem- 210.7 218.1 225.7 229.1 233.6 241.8




    porarily reverse the transmit and receive fre- 250.3 254.1
    quencies by pressing the [B](REV) key in the Multi Function Row “d” [RPT, REV, VOX].
    The “–” icon will blink while “Reverse” shift is activated. Press the [B](REV) key again
    to revert to the “Normal” shift direction.
    6. On many transceiver versions, the Automatic Repeater Shift (ARS) feature is enabled at
    the factory. This feature automatically activates the appropriate repeater shift when you
    are operating inside the designated 144 MHz or 430 MHz FM repeater sub-bands in
    your country. If you wish to change the On/Off settings for the ARS, use Menu Mode
    No-002 [144MHz ARS] or Menu Mode No-003 [430MHz ARS] (see page 97).
    If your local repeaters need a 1750-Hz burst tone for access (typically in Europe),
    press and hold in the front panel’s [HOME] key to transmit the burst tone (FM
    mode only).

    Tone Search Scanning
    In operating situations where you don’t know the CTCSS tone being used by another station, you can command the radio to listen to the incoming signal and scan in search of the
    tone being used. To scan for the CTCSS tone in use:
    1. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “e” [TON, – – –, TDCH] appears on the display.
    2. Press the [A](TON) key to activate CTCSS Encoder/Decoder; (the “TSQ” icon will appear on the display).
    3. Press the [C](TDCH) key to start scanning for the incoming CTCSS tone.
    4. When the radio detects the correct tone, it will halt on that tone, and audio will be
    allowed to pass.
    5. The CTCSS tone detected will be stored as the “current” tone, so it may be used for
    memory storage purposes, and you may now exit to normal operation.

    58

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 61

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    FM TRANSMISSION
    DCS Operation
    Another form of tone access control is Digital Code Squelch, or DCS. It is a newer, more
    advanced tone system that is less susceptible to false triggering than CTCSS. A DCS Encoder/Decoder is built into your transceiver, and operation is very similar to that described
    above for CTCSS.
    1. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “e” [TON, – – –, TDCH] appears on the display.
    2. Press the [A](TON) key four times to activate the DCS Encoder/Decoder (the “DCS”
    icon will appear on the display). The receiver will remain muted until a matching DCS
    code is received on an incoming signal.
    DCS CODE
    3. Press and hold in the [B] key for one sec- 023 025 026 031 032 036 043 047 051 053
    ond. This instantly recalls Menu Mode No- 054 065 071 072 073 074 114 115 116 122
    125 131 132 134 143 145 152 155 156 162
    033 [DCS CODE].
    4. Rotate the DIAL to select the desired DCS 165 172 174 205 212 223 225 226 243 244
    245 246 251 252 255 261 263 265 266 271
    code, then press and hold in the [FUNC] 274 306 311 315 325 331 332 343 346 351
    key for one second to save new setting and 356 364 365 371 411 412 413 423 431 432
    exit to normal operation.
    445 446 452 454 455 462 464 465 466 503
    5. Press the [A](TON) key once to cancel DCS 506 516 523 526 532 546 565 606 612 624
    operation (the “DCS” icon will disappear). 627 631 632 654 662 664 703 712 723 731
    732 734 743 754













    DCS Search Scanning
    In operating situations where you don’t know the DCS code being used by another station,
    you can command the radio to listen to the incoming signal and scan in search of the code
    being used.
    To scan for the DCS code in use:
    1. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “e” [TON, – – –, TDCH] appears on the display.
    2. Press the [A](TON) key to activate DCS (the “DCS” icon will appear on the display).
    3. Press the [C](TDCH) key to start scanning for the incoming DCS code.
    4. When the radio detects the correct DCS code, it will halt on that code, and audio will be
    allowed to pass.
    5. The DCS code detected will be stored as the “current” code, so it may be used for
    memory storage purposes, and you may now exit to normal operation.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    59



  • Page 62

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    FM TRANSMISSION
    Split Tone Operation
    The FT-857D can be configured in a “Split Tone” configuration via the Menu mode.
    This allows you to encode a CTCSS Tone but decode a DCS code, encode and decode
    different CTCSS Tones, encode (only) a DCS code, etc.
    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-001 [EXT MENU], then rotate the
    DIAL to change the setting to “ON” to enable the extended Menu Mode.
    3. Rotate the SELECT knob to select Menu Mode No-079 [SPLIT TONE].
    4. Rotate the DIAL knob to select “ON” (to enable the Split Tone feature).
    5. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the new setting and exit to
    normal operation.
    When the Split Tone feature is activated, the Multi Function Row “e” selection changes to
    [ENC, DEC, TDCH]. So, you can set the desired encoder (by pressing [A](ENC) key, repeatedly, if necessary) and decoder (by pressing the [B](DEC) key) separately.
    When the Split Tone feature is activated, you can see the following additional parameters.
    T-T: Encodes a CTCSS Tone and Decodes a CTCSS Tone
    T-D: Encodes a CTCSS Tone and Decodes a DCS Code
    T: CTCSS Tone Encode only
    D: DCS Encode only
    D-T: Encodes a DCS Code and Decodes a CTCSS Tone
    D-D: Encodes a DCS Code and Decodes a DCS Code
    D-D: DCS Decode only
    D-T: CTCSS Tone Decode only
    Split Tone Frequency or DCS Code Setup
    1. Press and hold in the [A](ENC) (if you use CTCSS) or [B](DEC) (if you use DCS) key
    for one second. This instantly recalls Menu Mode No-083 [TONE FREQ] or No-033
    [DCS CODE].
    2. Press the SELECT knob momentarily, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the “R”
    option. This is the tone you Receive, i.e. the “Decode” tone.
    3. Press the SELECT knob momentarily, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired
    Decode CTCSS frequency (or DCS code).
    4. Press the SELECT knob momentarily, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the “T”
    option. This is the tone you Transmit, i.e. the “Encode” tone.
    5. Press the SELECT knob momentarily, then rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired
    Encode CTCSS frequency (or DCS code).
    6. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the new setting and exit to
    normal operation.

    60

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 63

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    FM TRANSMISSION
    ARTS™ Operation
    The ARTS™ system uses DCS signaling to inform you when you and another ARTS™
    equipped station are within communications range. This can be especially valuable during
    search-and-rescue operations, as a base station can quickly use ARTS™ to alert a field unit
    that it is out of range; the field unit can then move to a better location to re-establish communications.
    ARTS™ is easy to use:
    1. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “f” [ARTS, SRCH, PMS] appears on the display.
    2. Press the [A](ARTS) key to activate ARTS™ operation.
    3. Your display will change to “out range” to indicate the
    beginning of ARTS™ operation. Every 30 seconds, your
    radio will transmit a “polling” call to the other station.
    When that station responds with its return ARTS™ polling signal, your display will change to “in range” to confirm reception of the response.
    4. To cancel ARTS™ operation, press the [A](ARTS) key again (the “out range” or “in
    range” indication will disappear from the LCD).
    ARTS™ Alert Beep Options
    The ARTS™ feature allows two kinds of alert beeps (with the additional option of turning
    them off), so as to alert you to the current status of ARTS™ operation. Depending on your
    location and the potential annoyance associated with frequent beeps, you may choose the
    Beep mode which best suits your needs. The choices are:
    RANGE: The beeps are issued only when the radio first confirms that you are within range,
    but does not re-confirm with beeps thereafter.
    ALL:
    Every time a polling transmission is received from the other station, the alert beeps
    will be heard.
    OFF:
    No alert beeps will be heard; you must look at the display to confirm current
    ARTS™ status.
    To set the ARTS™ Beep mode:
    1. While still in Multi Function Row “f” [ARTS, SRCH, PMS], press and hold in the
    [A](ARTS) key for one second. This is a “hot key” which will instantly recall Menu
    Mode No-008 [ARTS BEEP].
    2. Rotate the DIAL to select the desired ARTS™ Beep mode (see above).
    3. When you have made your selection, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second
    to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    61



  • Page 64

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    FM TRANSMISSION
    CW Identifier Setup
    The ARTS™ feature includes a CW identifier, as discussed previously. Every ten minutes
    during ARTS™ operation, the radio can be instructed to send “DE (your callsign) K” if
    this feature is enabled. The callsign field may contain up to 10 characters.
    Here’s how to program the CW Identifier:
    1. Press and hold the [FUNC] key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-001 [EXT MENU], then rotate the
    DIAL to change the setting to “ON” to enable the extended Menu Mode.
    3. Rotate the SELECT knob to select the Menu Mode No-010 [ARTS IDW].
    4. Press the SELECT knob momentarily to initiate callsign storage (the first character
    location of the callsign field will be underlined.).
    5. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the first letter/number of your callsign, then rotate the
    SELECT knob one click clockwise to save the first letter/number and move to the next
    entry position.
    6. Repeat the previous step as many times as necessary to complete your callsign.
    7. Press the SELECT knob momentarily to save your completed callsign and exit.
    8. Rotate the SELECT knob one click counter-clockwise to select the Menu Mode No009 [ARTS ID].
    9. Rotate the DIAL to set the CW ID function to “ON.”
    10. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the new setting and exit to
    normal operation.

    62

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 65

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    DIGITAL MODE OPERATION (SSB-BASED AFSK)
    The FT-857D provides extensive capability for digital mode operation on the HF, VHF,
    and UHF bands. The use of AFSK (Audio Frequency-Shifted Keying) configurations allows a wide variety of different communication modes to be utilized. The Menu provides
    for specific digital mode selections, which include custom BFO offsets to optimize the
    receive and transmit passbands for the mode selected.
    Before beginning Digital operation, you need to define which Digital mode will be utilized.
    To do this, use Menu #38 as follows (in this example, we will set up RTTY as the Digital
    mode):
    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-001 [EXT MENU], then rotate the
    DIAL to change the setting to “ON” to enable the extended Menu Mode.
    3. Rotate the SELECT knob to select Menu Mode No-038 [DIG MODE].
    4. Rotate the
    knob to select “RTTY-L” or “RTTY-U” (see discussion below).
    5. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the new setting and exit.
    Use this basic technique to set up any digital mode.

    RTTY (Radio TeleType) Operation
    The “RTTY” mode on the FT-857D is available in either LSB-side or USB-side BFO
    injection. Long-standing Amateur practice calls for the use of LSB-side injection, but some
    applications require that you use USB-side injection.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    DATA OUT

    PTT

    DATA IN

    AFSK
    OUT

    PTT

    AF IN

    GND

    1. Connect your TNC (Terminal Node Controller) or terminal modem to the FT-857’s rear-panel DATA jack,
    per the illustration. Be sure to use the “TX AUDIO” line,
    not an “FSK” line, for the transmit data connection to
    the FT-857.
    2. Press the [MODE( )] or [MODE( )] key, as needed,
    to select the DIG mode (the “DIG” icon will appear on the
    display). You should now be able to tune around the band,
    and any RTTY signals heard should be capable of being
    decoded.
    3. If the optional YF-122C 500 Hz filter or YF-122CN
    300 Hz filter has been installed, it may be used for RTTY
    work. Recall Multi Function Row “n” [CFIL, – – –, – – –
    ], then press the [B](–) or [C](–) key to engage the narrow filter.
    4. To set up the transmit side, be sure that the Meter is set to

    63



  • Page 66

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    DIGITAL MODE OPERATION (SSB-BASED AFSK)

    5.
    6.
    7.
    8.

    9.

    monitor ALC voltage. If not, press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob to select to select Multi Function Row “i” [MTR, – – –, DISP], then press
    the [A](MTR) or [B] key so as to select metering of ALC (“ALC” icon will appear at the
    upper of the[B]] key).
    Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-001 [EXT MENU], then rotate the
    DIAL to change the setting to “ON” to enable the extended Menu Mode.
    Rotate the SELECT knob to select Menu Mode No-037 [DIG GAIN].
    Following the instructions for your TNC’s software, activate the transmitter from the
    computer keyboard; this should cause the AFSK output from the TNC to be sent to the
    radio. While transmitting, view the ALC meter; a few “dots” of ALC indication should be observed. If not, rotate the DIAL knob to adjust the AFSK
    level within the FT-857D for 16 dots of indication on the ALC meter.
    Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the new AFSK level setting
    and return to normal operation. You are now ready for full RTTY operation.
    Because RTTY is a continuous-duty transmission mode, try to keep your transmissions short when running on battery power, so as to minimize current drain.

    PSK31 Operation
    Two dedicated PSK31 modes are available, one each for USB-side and LSB-side injection.
    For BPSK work, the injection does not matter, but for QPSK the two working stations must
    use the same sideband.
    1. Connect the FT-857D to your computer’s sound card or interface.
    2. Setup for PSK31 operation is basically identical to that previously described for RTTY
    operation. As before, use the “DIG” mode. However, in Menu Mode No-038 [DIG MODE],
    select “PSK31-L” (for LSB injection) or “PSK31-U” (for USB injection). As with RTTY,
    Menu #38 may be used to set the drive to the transmitter. And the YF-122C 500 Hz
    filter or YF-122CN 300 Hz filter may also be utilized, as described previously.

    “USER” Defined Digital Modes
    Also provided in the FT-857D are two convenient “USER” Digital modes, one each providing USB- and LSB-side injection, which may be used for SSTV, Fax, Pactor, and other
    digital operating modes.
    Here is an example involving the configuration of the USER mode for JT44 (WSJT) operation with USB-side injection (as opposed to LSB injection, used in the default “RTTY”
    mode):
    1. Use Menu Mode No-038 [DIG MODE] to set the Digital mode to “USER-U.”

    64

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 67

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    DIGITAL MODE OPERATION (SSB-BASED AFSK)
    2. Press the [MODE( )] or [MODE( )] key, as needed, to select the DIG operating mode
    (the “DIG” icon will appear on the display).
    3. Now use Menu mode to configure the transceiver’s passband response. Once in the
    Menu mode, rotate the SELECT knob to select Menu Mode No-039 [DIG SHIFT], and
    rotate the DIAL knob to set the desired BFO offset. (a center frequency for the receiver
    response). For WSJT use, a setting of about “+1500” will be a good starting point.
    4. Finally, depending on how you wish the display to respond, you may program in a
    corresponding display shift, using Menu Mode No-036 [DIG DISP].
    5. Remember to press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second when exiting the Menu
    mode.
    The setup of the AFSK drive level is identical to that described previously for RTTY operation.
    The USER-L and USER-U Digital modes should allow you to operate on any
    SSB-based AFSK Digital mode. Note that the “PSK31” configurations will also
    work well for many Digital operating situations.

    PACKET (1200/9600 BPS FM) OPERATION
    The FT-857 is designed for operation on either 1200 bps or 9600 bps packet, and setup is
    similar to that described previously for SSB-based modes. A separate Data input adjustment is provided, allowing you to optimize the deviation on the FM Packet modes separately from the levels set for SSB-based Digital modes. The RX-Data output lines are fixedlevel outputs, not affected by the setting of the AF Gain control.
    DATA DATA

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    DATA OUT
    (1200bps)

    PTT

    DATA IN

    OUT

    PTT

    GND

    DATA OUT
    (9600bps)

    IN

    1. Connect your TNC to the FT-857D’s rear-panel DATA
    jack, per the illustration.
    2. Note that different connections are used for 1200 bps
    and 9600 bps Packet.
    3. Use Menu Mode No-073 [PKT RATE] to select the desired Packet mode.
    4. Once you have entered the Menu and have selected Menu
    Mode No-073 [PKT RATE], rotate the DIAL knob to select either “1200bps” or “9600bps” as the Packet rate.
    Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save
    your setting and exit.
    5. Press the [MODE( )] or [MODE( )] key, as needed,
    to select the PKT operating mode (the “PKT” icon will
    appear on the display).

    65



  • Page 68

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    PACKET (1200/9600 BPS FM) OPERATION
    You are now set up for reception on Packet. If you are operating on 1200 bps, try now to
    connect to another station or node; you may well find that the drive level needs no further
    adjustment. If, however, you are having trouble connecting due to insufficient or excessive
    drive from the TNC to the FT-857D, use Menu Mode No-071 [PKT 1200] (for 1200 bps
    Packet) or No-072 [PKT 9600] (for 9600 bps Packet) to set the drive. Use your terminal
    software’s “test” protocol to send out test tones, and adjust the deviation by rotating the
    DIAL knob, which will vary the data input level to the FT-857D’s modulator. Remember to
    press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second when adjustments are completed, so as to
    save the new setting for Menu Mode No-071 [PKT 1200] or No-072 [PKT 9600].
    The 9600 bps Packet deviation setting is very critical to successful operation, and
    it can only be accomplished using a calibrated deviation meter; the optimum setting is usually ±2.75 kHz (±0.25 kHz). For 1200 bps, the optimum level is much less
    critical, with the optimum deviation being between ±2.5 kHz and ±3.5 kHz.

    WEATHERFAX MONITORING
    Monitoring of HF WeatherFax broadcasts is easily accomplished using the FT-857.
    Before proceeding, be certain that the WeatherFax demodulator is
    properly connected to Pins 5 and 2 of the rear panel DATA jack.

    DATA OUT
    GND

    1. Set the transceiver to the VFO mode, and set the operating mode
    DATA
    [
    ]
    to “DIG,” setting Menu Mode No-038 DIG MODE to “PSK31-U,” as described previously.
    2. Now, select the operating frequency of the station transmitting the WeatherFax broadcast. Note that, in the USB mode, the frequency you should program onto the display is
    typically 1.90 kHz below the station’s “assigned” frequency. Thus for a WeatherFax
    station assigned to 8.682.0 MHz, tune to 8.680.1 MHz.
    3. When the WeatherFax broadcast begins, no further operator intervention should be needed
    from the transceiver standpoint. The audio level from the DATA jack on the rear of the
    transceiver is fixed, and cannot be adjusted.
    4. Fine adjustments in the gray-scale and the frame alignment are accomplished using the
    computer and software connected to your WeatherFax demodulator.

    66

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 69

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    TIME-OUT TIMER
    Most often used on FM, the transmitter’s Time-Out Timer (TOT) feature disables the transmitter after a user-defined period of transmission. This feature may be useful in preventing
    a “stuck microphone” (accidental closure of the PTT switch) from causing interference to
    other users, and it will also force you to keep your transmissions short, thereby conserving
    battery power.
    To activate the Time-Out Timer:
    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-084 [TOT TIME].
    3. The default setting for this feature is “OFF.” Rotate the DIAL knob to set a new time-out
    setting (from 1 minute to 20 minutes).
    4. When you have made your selection, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second
    to save the new setting and exit to normal operation.

    SPLIT FREQUENCY OPERATION
    This transceiver provides convenient split-frequency operation, using VFO-A and VFO-B,
    for DX working and other operating situations requiring unique split frequency pairs.
    The example below will describe a typical split-frequency DX situation on the 20-meter
    band, with a DX station transmitting on 14.025 MHz, listening 10 kHz higher in the band.
    1. Set VFO-A to 14.035.00 MHz CW (DX station’s listening frequency).
    2. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “a” [A/B, A=B, SPL] appears on the display.
    3. Press the [B](A=B) key momentarily (to set VFOs A and B to 14.035.00 MHz).
    4. Press the [A](A/B) key momentarily to select VFO-B, then tune the VFO-B frequency
    to 14.025.00 MHz (DX station’s transmitting frequency).
    5. Press the [C](SPL) key momentarily. The transceiver will now transmit using the VFOA frequency, and will receive using the VFO-B frequency.
    The “ ” icon will appear at the left side of the “SPL” indication, and the “SPL” icon
    will appear at the upper left corner of the display.
    6. To listen to the pile-up calling the DX station (so as to align your frequency more closely
    to that of the station being worked by the DX), press the [A](A/B) key to reverse the
    VFOs. You will now be tuning in the vicinity of 14.035 MHz, and you can zero in on the
    DX station’s listening frequency by tuning in on the station in QSO with the DX. Press
    the [A](A/B) key again to return to reception on the DX station’s frequency.
    7. Press the [C](SPL) key once more to cancel split operation; the “ ” icon and “SPL”
    icon will disappear from the display.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    67



  • Page 70

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    ACTIVE-TUNING ANTENNA SYSTEM (ATAS-100/-120) OPERATION
    The optional ATAS-100/-120 Active-Tuning Antenna System provides operation on a number of HF bands (7/14/21/28 MHz) plus 50 MHz, 144 MHz, and 430 MHz. The FT-857D
    provides microprocessor control of the tuning mechanism in the ATAS-100/-120 for convenient automatic tuning.
    Before operation can begin, you must instruct theFT-857’s microprocessor that the ATAS100/-120 is being used. This is done using the Menu Mode:
    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to activate the Menu mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-001 [EXT MENU], then rotate the
    DIAL to change the setting to “ON” to enable the extended Menu Mode.
    3. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode N0-085 [TUNER/ATAS]. The default
    setting for this Menu is “OFF.” Rotate the DIAL to change the setting to “ATAS (ALL),”
    if you are using the ATAS-100/-120 for all bands (you must connect an external diplexer
    to combine the two antenna ports so as to use the ATAS-100/-120 on all bands). Or
    make the setting “ATAS (HF&50),” if you are using the ATAS-100/-120 on 7 ~ 50
    MHz, with a dual-band VHF/UHF antenna connected separately to the 144/430 MHz
    antenna port. If you are just using the ATAS-100/-120 on the HF bands only, with a
    dual-band VHF/UHF antenna connected separately to the 144/430 MHz antenna port
    (no 50 MHz operation) make the setting “ATAS (HF).”
    4. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the new setting and exit to
    normal operation.

    Automatic Tuning
    1. Press the [FUNC] key, then rotate the SELECT knob as needed, to recall Multi Function Row “k” [TUNE, DOWN, UP].
    2. Press the [A](TUNE) key to turn the ATAS-100/-120 on (this action only supplies voltage to the antenna at this point; re-tuning does not begin). The “ATAS” will appear on
    the LCD.
    3. Now press and hold in the [A](TUNE) key for one second to initiate ATAS-100/-120
    tuning. The transmitter will automatically be activated, a carrier will be sent, and the
    antenna’s length will be adjusted for best SWR.
    4. If the microprocessor determines that the antenna’s length is radically incorrect from
    the optimum value, no carrier will be sent out. Instead, in the receive mode, the antenna
    will retract to its longest or shortest position (this may take up to one minute). While this
    is happening, do not press the [A](TUNE) key again.
    When the ATAS-100/-120 reaches its minimum length, automatic tuning will be initiated, and the transmitter will automatically shut off when a satisfactory SWR is achieved.
    5. On the 144 MHz and 430 MHz bands, the ATAS-100/-120 does not require a tuning
    process. SWR will be satisfactory when the antenna is fully retracted.

    68

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 71

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    ACTIVE-TUNING ANTENNA SYSTEM (ATAS-100/-120) OPERATION
    6. When you wish to conclude ATAS-100/-120 operation, press the [A](TUNE) key; the
    “ ” icon disappear surrounding the “ATAS” indication.
    If the ATAS-100/120 retracts to its minimum length, it will not automatically shut
    off instantly; it may continue to have its motor engaged for as long as 30 seconds
    thereafter, until a timer expires. A clutch mechanism prevents damage to the antenna
    while this is happening, and this condition is completely normal.

    Manual Tuning
    In some instances, the SWR may be slightly improved by manual adjustment of the antenna
    position. This may be needed for operation on bands like 40 meters, where the “Q” of the
    ATAS-100/-120 is high, causing a narrow resonance range.
    To tune the ATAS-100/-120 manually, recall Multi Function Row “k” [TUNE, DOWN,
    UP], then press and hold in the microphone PTT switch. With the transceiver in the “transmit” mode, press and hold in the [C](UP) key (to raise the antenna) or the [B](DOWN) key
    (to lower the antenna). While you hold in one of these keys, the FT-857D will generate a
    carrier, and you may watch the top scale of the FT-857’s meter, looking for the meter
    indication to reach its minimum value. When this is reached, release the [C]( UP) or
    [B](DOWN) key, then release the PTT key to return to the “receive” mode.
    R.F. Says: 1) Once automatic matching has been successfully accomplished, you
    must change frequency by at least 10 kHz before attempting automatic matching
    again. Within a window of ±10 kHz from a match point, the transceiver’s microprocessor
    will ignore any command to attempt automatic matching.
    2) Antenna tuning is accomplished using a “CW” carrier, although the mode indication
    will not change to “CW” (if you are operating on another mode) during antenna tuning.
    3) If you see a “HSWR” on the LCD, it may mean that there is a problem in your coaxial
    cable (bad connection, etc.) which is preventing successful tuning. Replace the cable, or
    try adding a few feet/meters of cable (to eliminate the possibility of adverse “transformer
    action” in the 50 Ω cable during the tuning process).
    4) If you are able to achieve an SWR of less than 2:1 via manual tuning, the FT-857D
    will “accept” the manual setting, and you may then re-tune automatically when changing bands. If, however, you stop manual tuning at a non-optimum setting (SWR >2:1),
    the FT-857D “will not permit further automatic tuning. To refresh the setting of the
    ATAS-100/-120, press the [B](DOWN) key until the ATAS-100/-120 fully retracts. You
    may then restart automatic tuning per the procedures described earlier.
    5) The FT-857D may also be used with the model ATAS-100 antenna, although the tuning speed of the ATAS-100 will be about 20% slower than with the ATAS-120.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    69



  • Page 72

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    ACTIVE-TUNING ANTENNA SYSTEM (ATAS-100/-120) OPERATION
    ATAS-100/-120 Operating Tips
    The information below will help you derive the best performance possible from the ATAS100/-120 Active-Tuning Antenna System.
    Grounding
    It is critically important that you establish a good mechanical and RF ground connection for
    your ATAS-100/-120 (as with all vertical antennas). Mobile mounts which are bolted through
    the vehicle’s roof, or otherwise mechanically affixed, will usually be satisfactory. However,
    magnetic mounts do not provide the RF grounding necessary for good performance, and
    are not recommended for use with this antenna.
    Tuning Procedure
    The feedpoint impedance of the ATAS-100/-120 (resistance and reactance) will necessarily vary over a wide range when you change bands. Occasionally, the transceiver’s microprocessor will not initially be able to determine the proper direction for the ATAS-100/120 to travel (inward or outward) for best SWR.
    To resolve this situation, the transceiver will then command the ATAS-100/-120 to retract
    fully to its minimum or maxmum height, and thence restart the tuning process. In this
    instance, the “WAIT” icon will remain on the display after you press the [A](TUNE) key. If
    this happens, do not press the [A](TUNE) key repeatedly. The transceiver will remain in the
    receive mode as it retracts (this may take up to one minute). Thereafter, the transmitter will
    be engaged, and the ATAS-100/-120 will be automatically adjusted for best SWR. The
    “TUNE” icon will then disappear from the LCD, and you will be ready for operation.
    External Wattmeters
    If you wish to use an external wattmeter in conjunction with the transceiver and your ATAS100/-120, please check the wattmeter with an Ohmmeter prior to installation. Be sure there
    is a direct connection between the “In” and “Out” jacks of the wattmeter (zero resistance),
    and also ensure that there is a completely open circuit between the center pin and shield of
    the wattmeter’s output jack. Some wattmeters use a coil or other device which shorts the
    center pin to ground at DC, and this type of internal wattmeter circuitry will not allow the
    tuning function of the ATAS-100/-120 to operate.
    Operation on 30/17/12 Meters
    Although the ATAS-100/-120 is not specified for operation on the above bands, and optimum operation is therefore not guaranteed, the ATAS-100/-120 generally can be tuned
    successfully on these bands (some manual adjustment may be required). Operation of the
    ATAS-100/-120 on these bands will not damage the antenna’s components; please feel
    free to experiment on these bands, if you like.

    70

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 73

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    FC-30 AUTOMATIC ANTENNA TUNER OPERATION
    The optional FC-30 Automatic Antenna Tuner provides automatic tuning of a coaxial line
    so as to present a nominal 50 Ω impedance to the FT-857D’s HF/50 MHz antenna port.
    Before operation can begin, you must instruct the FT-857D’s microprocessor that the FC30 is being used. This is done using the Menu Mode:

    ANT

    CTRL

    TRX

    HF/50MHz

    CAT/LINEAR

    144MHz/430MHz

    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to activate the Menu mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-001 [EXT MENU], then rotate the
    DIAL to change the setting to “ON” to enable the extended Menu Mode.
    3. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-020 [CAT/LIN/TUN]. The default
    setting for this Menu is “CAT.” Rotate the DIAL to change the setting to “TUNER.”
    4. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the new setting and exit, then
    turn the transceiver off.
    5. Set up the FC-30 and FT-857D per the illustration, Contral Cable
    then turn on the transceiver’s power again. Do (Supplied with FC-30)
    not set up the FC-30 and FT-857D before changing the Menu Mode, item No-020 [CAT/LIN/TUN].
    6. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to activate the Menu mode.
    7. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-085
    [TUNER/ATAS]. The default setting for this Menu is “OFF.” Rotate the DIAL to change the setting to “TUNER.”
    8. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key
    for one second to save the new
    Coaxial Cable
    (Supplied with FC-30)
    setting and exit.
    Operation is similar to the procedure for the ATAS-100/-120:
    1. Press the [FUNC] key, as needed, to recall Multi Function Row “k” [TUNE, DOWN,
    UP].
    2. Press the [A](TUNE) key to turn the FC-30 on. The “TUNE” will appear on the LCD.
    3. Press and hold in the [A](TUNE) key to initiate automatic tuning. The FT-857 transmitter will be activated, a carrier signal will be sent out, and the coils and capacitors in the
    FC-30 will be selected/adjusted for optimum SWR. When tuning is complete, the transmission will cease, and you will be ready for operation on this frequency.
    Tuning data will be stored in the FC-30’s Memory system. See the discussion at
    the nect page for details on how this works.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    71



  • Page 74

    TRANSMITTER OPERATION
    FC-30 AUTOMATIC ANTENNA TUNER OPERATION
    Antenna Tuner Memory System
    The FC-30, working in concert with the FT-857D, can store impedance matching data in
    its micro-computer memory, so as to provide instant adjustment as you transmit in different
    areas of a particular band. A total of 100 memories are provided: 11 of these are “general”
    memories apportioned one per band, while the remaining 89 are allocated for specific frequency data within the various bands, with the capability to resolve new tuning data every
    10 kHz.
    A few guidelines should be noted regarding the FC-30’s memory system:
    Tuning data is stored when you make an active effort to store it by pressing and holding in
    the [A](TUNE) key for one second. Although the tuner will automatically activate itself if it
    encounters more than 1.5:1 SWR, this memory will not be stored unless you have pressed
    the [A](TUNE) key for one second. This allows you to store your favorite operating frequency areas into tuner memory without tying up memory space with matching data on
    seldom-used frequencies.
    If the FC-30 cannot resolve a satisfactory match because the SWR is above 3:1 (2:1 on the
    50 MHz band), the tuning process will stop, and no memory data will be stored. However,
    you may wish to move frequency a few kHz, then press the [A](TUNE) key again for one
    second, as slight changes in the reactance may allow a match to be obtained. Then go back
    to the original frequency and try again.
    Another technique which may allow matching in some situations is to add a few feet or
    meters of coaxial cable on the “antenna side” of the FC-30. This will change the impedance
    transformation taking place in the coaxial cable, possibly moving the impedance presented
    to the FC-30 into an acceptable range. Note that this is not changing the actual antenna
    SWR, but only the impedance “seen” by the FC-30’s matching circuits.
    If your antenna system presents an SWR of less than 1.5:1, you may wish to turn off the
    antenna tuner, as full transmitter power will be delivered to the antenna system without
    intervention by the FC-30.
    If the impedance encountered by the FC-30 exceeds 3:1, and the “HSWR” icon is illuminated, the microprocessor will not retain the tuning data for that frequency, as the FC-30
    presumes that you will want to adjust or repair your antenna system so as to correct the high
    SWR condition.

    72

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 75

    MEMORY OPERATION
    QMB (QUICK MEMORY BANK) CHANNELS
    The “Quick Memory” Bank provides one-touch access to frequencies you want to store and
    recall in a hurry. You may store a “QMB” channel into a “regular” memory later, if you like;
    use of the “regular” memories will be described later.

    QMB Channel Storage
    1. Tune in the desired frequency and set the operating mode and bandwidth. If this is an
    FM channel, set up any required CTCSS/DCS and repeater shift configurations.
    2. Press and hold in the [V/M] key (along the right side of the DIAL knob, the upper key)
    until two “beeps” are heard. The second beep (heard one second after the initial beep)
    provides audible confirmation that the data has been stored into the QMB memory.
    Pressing the [A](STO) key momentarily while in Multi Function Row “c” [STO,
    RCL, PROC] will also store a frequency into the QMB register.

    QMB Channel Recall
    1. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “c” [STO, RCL, PROC] appears on the display.
    2. Press the [B](RCL) key momentarily to recall the QMB memory. “QMB” will appear in
    the upper left corner of the display.
    3. Press the [B](RCL) key once more to return to the previous frequency (either a VFO
    frequency or a Memory channel).
    If you move the DIAL knob or SELECT knob while in the QMB mode, you can
    change frequencies as if you were in a “VFO” mode. You also can change the
    operating mode by pressing the [MODE( )] or [MODE( )] key. When either change is
    performed, “MTQMB” will appear in the display, where “MT” represents “Memory Tuning.” Press the [B](RCL) key once more to return to the originally-stored QMB frequency.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    73



  • Page 76

    MEMORY OPERATION
    MEMORY OPERATION ON “REGULAR” MEMORY CHANNELS
    Most Memory operation will be conducted in the “regular” memory registers. There are
    200 memory channels available for storage and recall of important frequencies.

    Normal Memory Storage
    1. Tune in the desired frequency, and set the operating mode. If this is an FM channel, set
    up any required CTCSS/DCS and repeater shift configurations. Standard (default) repeater shifts do not require you to utilize the “split” frequency memory technique, described later.
    2. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “b” [MW, SKIP, TAG] appears on the display.
    3. Press the [A](MW) key momentarily to enter the “Memory Check” mode, which is used
    to find an unused memory channel. The Memory Channel Number notation at the upper
    left corner of the LCD will blink, and the frequency stored (if any) on the current memory
    channel will be shown in the display. Rotate the SELECT knob to select the channel
    number on which you wish to store the current frequency data.
    4. If you just want to program in the frequency data, press and hold in the [A](MW) key
    for one second until you hear two beeps, a second apart; the second beep confirms that
    the frequency information was successfully stored. If you want to assign an AlphaNumeric Tag (label) to this Memory location, see the next step.
    5. If you wish to assign an Alpha-Numeric Tag to this memory location, do not press and
    hold in the [A](MW) key in step 4; instead, press it momentarily; the display will now
    show the default Tag for the Memory Channel (“CH-nnn”), and a cursor will be blinking
    below the “C.” Now follow this procedure;
    • The blinking cursor indicates that the first character is awaiting assignment of a
    letter, number, or symbol. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired first letter in
    the proposed Tag. Note that both upper and lower case letters are available.
    • Rotate the SELECT knob one click clockwise to move to the next character position.
    • Rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired 2nd character, then rotate the SELECT
    knob one click clockwise to move on to the next position.
    • Continue this process until the Tag is complete. Now move quickly to the next step.
    • When the Tag is complete, press the [A](MW) key momentarily. This will complete
    the storage of the frequency and Alpha-Numeric label.

    74

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 77

    MEMORY OPERATION
    MEMORY OPERATION ON “REGULAR” MEMORY CHANNELS
    Split-Frequency Memory Storage
    You can also store “Split” frequencies, such as when operating on a repeater system not utilizing a “standard” offset. This procedure may also be used for DX work on 7 MHz SSB, etc.
    1. In the VFO mode, set the desired Receive frequency and mode.
    2. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “b” [MW, SKIP, TAG] appears on the display.
    3. Press the [A](MW) key momentarily to enter the “Memory Check” mode, which is used
    to find an unused memory channel. The Memory Channel Number notation at the upper
    left corner of the LCD will blink, and the frequency stored (if any) on the selected
    memory channel will be shown in the display. Rotate the SELECT knob to select the
    channel on which you wish to store the receive frequency data.
    4. Press and hold in the [A](MW) key for one second until you hear two beeps (a second
    apart), which confirms that the Receive frequency data is now stored.
    5. Now, set the desired Transmit frequency and mode on the VFO.
    6. Press the [A](MW) key momentarily; do not rotate the SELECT knob!
    7. While the Memory Channel Number is blinking, press and hold in the PTT switch;
    while holding it in, press and hold in the [A](MW) key for one second.
    8. The two beeps will confirm that independent Transmit frequency data is now stored.
    You may now release the PTT switch.
    In step 7 above, pressing the PTT switch does not activate the transmitter. It simply sends a signal to the microprocessor that an independent Transmit frequency
    is being stored on the same channel as a previously-stored Receive frequency.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    75



  • Page 78

    MEMORY OPERATION
    MEMORY OPERATION ON “REGULAR” MEMORY CHANNELS
    Memory Channel Recall
    1. If you currently are in the VFO tuning mode, press the [M/V] key once to enter the
    “Memory” mode (a memory channel number “M-nnn” will appear on the display in the
    space previously occupied by “VFOa” or “VFOb”).
    2. To select another memory channel, turn the SELECT knob.
    3. When your memory channels are partitioned into Memory Groups via Menu Mode No055 [MEM GROUP], it is easy to change Memory Groups; press the SELECT knob
    momentarily (a Group Number (“Ma” ~ “Mj” will blink), then turn the SELECT knob
    to step through the channels until you enter another. You may now press the SELECT
    knob once more to restrict memory channel access to the newly-selected Group.
    Menu No-057 must be set to “MHz/MEM GRP” in order to select Memory
    Groups!
    4. Once you are operating on a memory channel, you may tune off of the originally-memorized frequency (as though you were in the VFO mode). Just rotate the DIAL knob; the
    “Memory Channel Number” will be replaced by one which indicates “MTUNE,” indicating that you have now shifted into the “Memory Tuning” mode. When operating the
    Memory Tuning mode, if you find another frequency you wish to store into another
    memory channel, just press the [A](MW) key momentarily, select a new memory channel via the SELECT knob, then press and hold in the [A](MW) key until you hear the
    double beep.
    5. To exit the Memory Tuning mode, press the [M/V] key as follows:
    • One touch of the [M/V] key returns you to the original memory frequency.
    • A second touch of the [M/V] key will cause you to exit the Memory mode and return
    to the VFO mode (the memory channel number will be replaced by “VFOa” or
    “VFOb.”
    1) When operating on a “Split” frequency memory, a special “–+” indication will
    appear on the LCD.
    2) If some memory channels appear to be “missing,” be sure you are not operating in the
    “Memory Group” mode, and in the wrong Memory Group.

    76

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 79

    MEMORY OPERATION
    MEMORY OPERATION ON “REGULAR” MEMORY CHANNELS
    Masking (“Hiding”) a Memory
    Frequency data stored on a memory channel can be deleted, if desired, from any memory
    channel except channel “1.” The deletion process is not a “hard” erasure, so if you erase a
    channel by mistake using this procedure, the memory channel contents can be recovered.
    1. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “b” [MW, SKIP, TAG] appears on the display.
    2. Press the [A](MW) key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob to select the memory
    channel to be deleted.
    3. Press the [B](MCLR) key momentarily. The frequency display field on the LCD will go
    blank, and the memory channel number will blink.
    4. Wait about five seconds; when the memory channel number stops blinking, the data will
    now be “masked” and will not be available for operation.
    5. To restore the masked frequency data, repeat the above steps. However, if you store new
    frequency information on a channel containing masked data, the masked data will be
    over-written and lost.
    6. Memory Channel 1 is used for Priority operation, and frequency information may only
    be over-written (not masked) on this channel.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    77



  • Page 80

    MEMORY OPERATION
    MEMORY OPERATION ON “HOME” CHANNEL MEMORIES
    Four Special one-touch “Home” channels are available, for special frequencies you use
    often. Either “simplex” or “split” frequency/mode data may be stored in the “Home” channel locations. Special “Home” channels are available for HF (any frequency between 1.8
    and 29.7 MHz), 50 MHz, 144 MHz, and 430 MHz.
    These memories may prove particularly useful for monitoring propagation beacons, providing one-touch recall of the beacon frequency for a quick check of band conditions.

    HOME Channel Storage
    1. Tune the desired frequency, and set the operating mode. If this is an FM channel, set up
    any required CTCSS/DCS and repeater shift configurations.
    2. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “b” [MW, SKIP, TAG] appears on the display.
    3. Press the [A](MW) key momentarily to enter the “Memory Check” mode.
    4. Press and hold in the [HOME] key for one second. This stores the frequency data into
    the “Home” channel location. As usual, you will hear a double beep to confirm the
    successful storage of the frequency data.
    5. If you wish to store a “Split” frequency pair into the “Home” channel, store the Receive
    frequency as in steps 1 ~ 4 above. Now set the desired Transmit frequency. Once more,
    press the [A](MW) key momentarily. Press and hold in the microphone’s PTT switch;
    while holding the PTT switch, again press and hold in the [HOME] key for one second.
    This stores the transmit frequency data into the “Home” channel location.
    In step (4) above, pressing and holding in the [HOME] key stores the frequency
    data, and leaves the Alpha-Numeric tag for this channel as “HOME.” If you wish
    to re-label the Home channel with a different name, press the [HOME] key momentarily
    in step (4), then follow the instructions on the next page for the programming of an
    Alpha-Numeric Tag.

    HOME Channel Recall
    1. Press the [HOME] key momentarily to recall the Home Channel on the band group
    where you currently are operating (HF, 50 MHz, 144 MHz, or 430 MHz). The “HOME”
    indication will appear on the display.
    2. Press the [HOME] key once more to return to the previously-used frequency (either a
    VFO frequency or a memory channel).

    78

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 81

    MEMORY OPERATION
    LABELING MEMORIES AFTER PROGRAMMING CHANNEL DATA
    You may wish to append an alpha-numeric “Tag” (label) to a memory or memories, to aid in
    recollection of the channel’s intended use (such as a club name, etc.), some time after you
    have performed the initial memory programming. This is easily accomplished using the
    Menu mode.
    1. Recall the memory channel onto which you wish to append a label.
    2. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    3. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-001 [EXT MENU], then rotate the
    DIAL to change the setting to “ON” to enable the extended Menu Mode.
    4. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-056 [MEM TAG].
    5. Press the SELECT knob to enable the programming of the label.
    6. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the first character in the name you wish to store, then
    rotate the SELECT knob clockwise to move to the next character. Note that both upper
    and lower case letters are available.
    7. Again rotate the DIAL knob to select the next number, letter, or symbol, then rotate the
    SELECT knob clockwise to move to the next character’s slot.
    8. Repeat step 7 as many times as necessary to complete the name tag for the memory, then
    press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the A/N (Alpha-Numeric)
    name entry and exit to normal operation.
    9. During Memory operation, press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until Multi Function Row “b” [MW, SKIP, TAG]appears on
    [“Frequency” Display]
    the display. Press the [C](TAG) key momentarily to activate the Alpha-Numeric Tag. Repeatedly pressing this key
    will toggle operation between “Frequency” display and
    [“Tag” Display]
    “Tag” display.
    You can recall Menu Mode No-056 [MEM TAG] instantly by pressing and holding in the [C](TAG) key for one second.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    79



  • Page 82

    SPECTRUM SCOPE MONITOR
    The Spectrum Scope Monitor allows viewing of operating activity on frequencies above
    and below your current operating frequency in the VFO mode, or viewing of memory
    channel activity on the current memory group when in the Memory mode. When the Spectrum Scope Monitor is activated, the display indicates the relative signal strength on channels immediately adjacent to the current operating frequency.
    Using the Spectrum Scope
    1. Set the transceiver to the VFO mode in the desired band, or within the desired memory
    group.
    2. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “h” [SCOP, WID, STEP] appears on the display.
    3. Press the [A](SCOP) key momentarily to engage the Spectrum Scope.
    4. When the Spectrum Scope is in operation, the relative
    signal strength of stations on channels immediately adjacent to the current frequency will be indicated on the display.
    5. While the Spectrum Scope is activated in the VFO mode, press the [B](WID) key to
    change the visible bandwidth. Available selections are ±10 (default), ±15, and ±63 channels. Press the [C](STEP) key to change the channel step resolution. Available selections are shown bellow.
    Mode
    CW, SSB, DIG
    AM
    FM, PKT

    Channel Steps (kHz)
    1.0 / 2.5 / 5.0
    2.5 / 5.0 / 9.0 / 10.0 / 12.5 / 25.0
    5.0 / 6.25 / 10.0 / 12.5 / 15.0 / 20.0 / 25.0 / 50.0

    While the Spectrum Scope is activated, press and hold in the [B] key for one second
    to change the Sweep mode. This allows you to switch between “Single Sweep” and
    “Continuous Sweep (default)” scanning modes.
    • When the Spectrum Scope mode is in the “Single Sweep” mode, press and hold in
    the [A] key for one second to restart the Sweep.
    • While the Spectrum Scope is activated, press and hold in the [C] key for one second
    to enable the “Meter Peak Hold” feature. This will show you the maximum signal
    level recorded on a particular channel.
    6. To disable the Spectrum Scope, press the [A](SCOP) key once more.


    The receiver’s audio output and S-meter are disabled when using the Continuous
    Sweep.

    80

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 83

    SMART SEARCHTM OPERATION
    The Smart Search™ feature automatically stores frequencies where activity is encountered
    on the current band. When Smart Search™ is engaged, the transceiver quickly searches
    above your current frequency, storing active frequencies as it goes (without stopping on
    them even momentarily). These frequencies are stored in a special Smart Search™ memory
    bank, consisting of 50 memories. This feature is available on the FM and AM modes.
    The Smart Search™ feature is especially helpful when traveling, as you can instantly store
    active FM repeater frequencies without having to look up the frequencies in a reference
    book.
    1. Set the SQL knob to the point where background noise is silenced. A typical setting, for
    effective Smart Search™ operation, will be at 12 o’clock or slightly clockwise from this
    position.
    2. Set the VFO to the frequency on which you wish to begin the search (the Smart Search™
    feature is available on the VFO mode only).
    3. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “f” [ARTS, SRCH, PMS] appears on the display.
    4. Now press the [B](SRCH) key momentarily; the blinking “SRCH” indicator will appear
    on the LCD, and the transceiver will sweep upward on the current band, loading channels on which it encounters a signal strong enough to open the squelch. All channels
    where activity is present (up to 50 channels) will be loaded into the Smart Search™
    memories.
    5. Now you can turn the SELECT knob to select from the just-stored Smart Search™
    memories. If you find frequencies you wish to store into a “regular” memory, just follow the procedures described previously; just don’t press the [B](SRCH) key while
    storing these memories, because this will disable Smart Search™ operation.
    6. To disable Smart Search™ operation, press the [B](SRCH) key momentarily.
    The Smart SearchTM memories are so-called “soft” memories; they will be lost if
    you initiate a new Smart SearchTM sweep of the band, or if you switch to the VFO
    or Memory system..

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    81



  • Page 84

    SCANNING OPERATION
    SCANNING FEATURES
    This transceiver contains a wide variety of scanning capabilities. Whether you are in the
    VFO mode or one of the memory modes, scanning operation is fundamentally identical in
    all configurations, but with the following differences:
    In the VFO mode, scanning causes the transceiver to sweep up or down the band, pausing or halting on any signal encountered;
    In the Memory mode, the scanner will scan the programmed memories, and can be
    instructed to skip certain memories during scanning;
    In the Programmable Memory Scan (PMS) mode, the scanner will scan the band within
    user-programmed frequency limits.

    SCANNING OPERATION
    In order for the FT-857 to scan automatically, the Squelch must be set so that the background noise is silenced, because the command to “Stop Scanning” driven by the same
    circuit that causes the green “Busy” LED to light up (when noise or a signal is received).
    1. Set the SQL knob to the point where background noise is silenced. A typical setting, for
    effective scanning operation, will be at 12 o’clock or slightly clockwise from this position.
    2. Set the transceiver into the operating configuration in which you wish to scan (VFO or
    Memory; PMS will be described later).
    3. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “g” [SCN, PRI, DW] appears on the display.
    4. Wait at least five seconds, until the “MFg” notation disappears, then press the [A](SCN)
    key momentarily to start upward scan (toward higher frequencies or higher memory
    channel numbers).
    5. Rotate the DIAL knob or SELECT knob counterclockwise to toggle the scanning direction downward.
    6. The scanner will now cause the transceiver to increment in the chosen direction until a
    signal is detected. When a signal is encountered which opens the Squelch, it will do
    different things, depending on the operating mode:
    In the FM/AM modes, the transceiver pauses on the signal and stays locked on its
    frequency for five seconds. Thereafter, scanning will resume whether or not the other
    station’s transmission has ended. While the transceiver is in the “Pause” condition,
    the decimal points in the frequency display area will blink. See “Scan-Resume Choices”
    in the next chapter for details of how to customize the resumption of scanning.
    In the SSB/CW modes, the scanner will slow down (but won’t stop).
    7. Press the PTT switch on the microphone to cancel scanning.
    You may also press and hold in either the [UP] or [DWN] key on the microphone
    for one second to initiate upward or downward scanning, respectively, if Menu
    Mode No-058 [MIC SCAN] is set to “ON.”

    82

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 85

    SCANNING OPERATION
    SCANNING OPERATION
    Scan-Resume Choices
    Scanning operation requires that you have the FT-857D’s audio squelched. The transceiver
    then “assumes” that the opening of the squelch corresponds to the discovery of a signal you
    may wish to listen to. Once the scan has been halted, one of three things may happen:
    TIME (default action): In this mode, the transceiver pauses on the signal and stays locked on
    its frequency for five seconds. Thereafter, scanning will resume
    whether or not the other station’s transmission has ended. The pause
    time is adjustable from 1 to 10 seconds via Menu Mode No-078
    [SCAN RESUME].
    BUSY:
    In this mode, the scanner will halt until the other station’s transmission ceases (at which point the squelch will close). One second after
    the squelch closes, scanning resumes automatically.
    STOP:
    In this mode, the scanner will find a signal, and lock on that frequency without resuming the scan.
    To choose the Scan-Resume mode:
    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] button for one second to activate the Menu mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-001 [EXT MENU], then rotate the
    DIAL to change the setting to “ON” to enable the extended Menu Mode.
    3. Rotate the SELECT knob to select Menu Mode No-077 [SCAN MODE].
    4. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the desired Scan-Resume mode.
    5. Press and hold in the [FUNC] button for one second to exit the Menu mode.

    Scan Skip Programming (Memory Mode Only)
    Among the memories you have programmed, there may be some stations which you do not
    wish to scan. For example, broadcast signals (which are transmitted continuously) will
    cause the scanner to stop, and such channels may be skipped so as to avoid this inconvenience.
    To remove a channel from the scanning loop:
    1. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “b” [MW, SKIP, TAG] appears on
    the display.
    2. Recall the memory channel to be skipped.
    [Memory Skip “OFF”]
    3. Press the [B](SKIP) key momentarily. The “hyphen” in
    the memory channel number will change to become a
    “dot;” this shows that this channel now is not included in
    [Memory Skip “ON”]
    the scanning loop.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    83



  • Page 86

    SCANNING OPERATION
    SCANNING OPERATION
    4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 as many times as necessary to skip all the channels you do not wish
    to scan.
    5. Initiate memory scanning; you will observe that the channels you marked to be skipped
    are not included in the scanning loop.
    6. Press the PTT switch to stop the scan; you may now use the SELECT knob to step
    through the channels manually - one at a time - and you will observe that the “Skipped”
    channels are, nonetheless, available for recall by manual means.
    7. You may restore a previously-skipped channel to the scanning loop by selecting the
    channel manually, then pressing the [B](SKIP) key momentarily so that the “dot” changes
    to become a “hyphen.”
    It is not possible to Skip Memory Channel M-001 (the Priority Channel). See the
    next chapter for details on Priority operation.

    84

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 87

    SCANNING OPERATION
    “PRIORITY CHANNEL” SCANNING
    The FT-857D’s scanning features include a two-channel scanning capability which allows
    you to operate on a VFO or Memory channel, while periodically checking Memory Channel “M-001” for activity. If a station is received on Memory Channel “M-001” which is
    strong enough to open the Squelch, the scanner will pause on that station in accordance
    with the Scan-Resume mode set via Menu Mode No-077 [SCAN MODE]. See page 110.
    Here is the procedure for activating Priority Channel Dual Watch operation:
    1. Rotate the SQL control until the background noise is just silenced, then store the frequency to be the “Priority” channel into Memory Channel “M-001.”
    2. Set the FT-857D for operation on another memory channel, or on a VFO frequency.
    3. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “g” [SCN, PRI, DW] appears on the display.
    4. Press the [B](PRI) key momentarily to start the “Priority” monitoring feature (the “ ”
    icon will appear at the upper of the frequency display). During Priority monitoring, the
    displayed frequency will shift to the Priority memory briefly every five seconds, while
    the receiver checks for the presence of a signal.
    5. When no signal appears on the Priority memory (i.e. the squelch remains closed), you
    can tune, transmit and receive on the VFO, or select and operate on other memories.
    6. If a station you wish to talk with appears on the Priority channel, press the PTT switch
    momentarily while receiving their signal (no transmission will occur) to halt Priority
    scanning. Otherwise, when a signal appears on the Priority channel, Priority monitoring
    will just pause on the channel. Priority monitoring will resume in accordance with the
    SCAN MODE Menu setting, as mentioned previously.
    7. To cancel Priority monitoring, again press the [B](PRI) key.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    85



  • Page 88

    SCANNING OPERATION
    PROGRAMMABLE MEMORY SCAN (PMS) OPERATION
    To limit scanning (and manual tuning) within a particular frequency range, you can use the
    Programmable Memory Scanning (PMS) feature, which utilizes five special-purpose memory
    pairs (“M-P1L/M-P1U” through “M-P5L/M-P5U”). The PMS feature is especially useful in
    helping you to observe any operating sub-band limits which apply to your Amateur license
    class.
    PMS setup is simple to accomplish:
    1. Store the upper and lower frequency limits of the desired range into the PMS memory
    pair (“M-PxL” and “M-PxU”), where the “U” channel represents the Upper frequency
    limit, and the “L” channel represents the Lower frequency limit.
    2. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “f” [ARTS, SRCH, PMS] appears on the display.
    3. Press the [C](PMS) key. The “PMS-x” indication will appear at the upper left corner of
    the LCD, signifying that the PMS feature is engaged. Tuning and scanning (by pressing
    the [A](SCN) key on the Multi Function Row “g” [SCN, PRI, DW]) are now limited
    within the range between the selected PMS memory pair, keeping operation inside this
    programmed range.
    Example: Limit tuning and scanning to the frequency range 144.30 - 148.00 MHz, to prevent encroachment into the “Weak Signal” (SSB/CW) portion of the 2-meter band:
    1. Press the [V/M] key, as necessary, to recall the VFO mode. Tune the SELECT or DIAL
    knob to 144.300 MHz.
    2. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “b” [MW, SKIP, TAG] appears on the display.
    3. Press the [A](MW) key momentarily, then turn the SELECT knob to select memory
    channel “M-P1L.”
    4. Press and hold in the [A](MW) key for one second to write the VFO frequency into “MP1L.”
    5. Now, tune the SELECT or DIAL knob to 148.000 MHz.
    Press the [A](MW) key momentarily, then turn the SELECT knob to select memory
    channel “M-P1U.”
    6. Press and hold in the [A](MW) key for one second to write the VFO frequency into “MP1U.”
    7. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob one click clockwise
    to recall Multi Function Row “f” [ARTS, SRCH, PMS].
    8. Press the [C](PMS) key momentarily. Tuning and scanning are now limited to the 144.30
    - 148.00 MHz range until you press the [V/M] key to return to memory or VFO operation.

    86

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 89

    SCANNING OPERATION
    DUAL WATCH OPERATION
    Dual Watch is similar, in some respects, to scanning. In Dual Watch, however, the transceiver monitors (squelched) on the VFO-A frequency while periodically checking VFO-B
    for activity (or vice-versa). A typical example might be for you to set VFO-A to 50.110
    MHz, watching for DX stations who might call CQ on that frequency, while periodically
    checking 28.885 MHz for stations reporting band openings on 6 meters.
    To activate Dual Watch:
    1. Set up transmit and receive operation on VFO-A, establishing your primary monitoring
    frequency. Set up the frequency to be checked periodically on VFO-B.
    2. Recall VFO-A, then rotate the SQL control until the background noise is just silenced.
    3. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “g” [SCN, PRI, DW] appears on the display.
    4. Press the [C](DW) key momentarily to activate Dual Watch operation (the “ ” icon
    will appear at the upper of the frequency display). The transceiver will continue to
    monitor (squelched) on the current (VFO-A) frequency, but every five seconds will
    switch briefly to VFO-B frequency, looking for activity.
    5. If a station is detected on the VFO-B frequency, the transceiver will pause on the VFOB frequency (the decimal point in the frequency will blink).
    6. Press the [C](DW) key again to cancel Dual Watch operation (the “ ” icon will disappear).
    Pressing the PTT switch on the microphone does not cancel Dual Watch operation.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    87



  • Page 90

    MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
    OPERATION ON ALASKA EMERGENCY FREQUENCY:
    5167.5 KHZ (U.S. VERSION ONLY) SECTION
    97.401(d) of the regulations governing amateur radio in the United States permit emergency amateur communications on the spot frequency of 5167.5 kHz by stations in (or
    within 92.6 km of) the state of Alaska. This frequency is only to be used when the immediate safety of human life and/or property are threatened, and is never to be used for routine
    communications.
    The FT-857D includes the capability for transmission and reception on 5167.5 kHz under
    such emergency conditions via the Menu system. To activate this feature:
    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to activate the Menu mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-001 [EXT MENU], then rotate the
    DIAL to change the setting to “ON” to enable the extended Menu Mode.
    3. Rotate the SELECT knob to select Menu Mode No-050 [EMERGENCY].
    4. Rtate the DIAL knob to select “ON.”
    5. Pess and hold in the [FUNC] key to exit the Menu mode.
    Emergency communication on this spot frequency is now possible:
    6. Press the [V/M] keys, as necessary, to enter the Memory mode, then rotate the SELECT
    knob to select the emergency channel “M-EMG,” which is
    found between channels “M-P5U” and “M-001.”
    Note that the receive-mode CLARIFIER functions normally while using this frequency, but variation of the transmit frequency is not possible.
    Activation of Menu Mode No-050 [EMERGENCY] does not enable any other out-ofamateur-band capability on the transceiver. The full specifications of the FT-857D are
    not necessarily guaranteed on this frequency, but power output and receiver sensitivity
    should be fully satisfactory for the purpose of emergency communication.
    7. If you wish to disable operation on the Alaska Emergency Frequency, repeat the procedure detailed above, but set Menu Mode No-050 [EMERGENCY] to “OFF” in step 3 of
    the procedure.
    In an emergency, note that a half-wave dipole cut for this frequency should be approximately 45’3” on each leg (90’6” total length).Emergency operation on 5167.5 kHz is shared
    with the Alaska-Fixed Service. This transceiver is not authorized for operation, under the
    FCC’s Part 87, for aeronautical communications.

    88

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 91

    MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
    CW TRAINING FEATURE
    The FT-857D provides a CW Training feature, which sends random Morse Code fivecharacter groups via the sidetone (heard in the speaker), so you can improve your CW
    proficiency whether or not the bands are open.
    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-001 [EXT MENU], then rotate the
    DIAL to change the setting to “ON” to enable the extended Menu Mode.
    3. Rotate the SELECT knob to select Menu Mode No-031 [CW TRAINING].
    4. Rotate the DIAL to select the Training mode:
    N: Numeric characters only
    A: Alphabet characters only
    AN: Numeric and Alphabet characters (Mixed)
    5. Press the [B](STRT) key to begin generation of the five-character code groups (CW
    sidetone only, does not key the transmitter).
    6. When the code group is completed, code, the “Answer” will appear on the display.
    7. Press the [B](STRT) key to generate another code group, as above.
    8. To disable the CW Training feature, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to
    exit to normal operation.
    You may adjust the Morse speed using Menu Mode No-030 [CW SPEED].

    PROGRAMMING THE FRONT PANEL KEY FUNCTIONS
    The Function ([A], [B], [C]) keys in Multi Function Row “q” [PG A, PG B, PG C], may each
    be assigned the function of a particular key. These may be used to create a custom set of
    “hot keys” to often-used functions from other Multi Function Rows.
    To assign the key functions:
    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to activate the Menu mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-001 [EXT MENU], then rotate the
    DIAL to change the setting to “ON” to enable the extended Menu Mode.
    3. Rotate the SELECT knob to select the Menu Item corresponding to the key to be assigned a function (No-065: [PG A] key, No-066: [PG B] key, No-067: [PG C] key).
    4. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the feature or function you wish to be assigned to the
    key.
    5. When you have completed the set-up, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second
    to exit the Menu mode.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    89



  • Page 92

    MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
    BEACON FEATURE
    The FT-857D’s unique “Beacon” feature allows you to set up the transceiver to send a
    repetitive message. For example, on a DX-pedition, the FT-857D beacon might be activated on a 50 MHz frequency, to alert DXers as to possible band openings.

    Beacon Text Storage
    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-001 [EXT MENU], then rotate the
    DIAL to change the setting to “ON” to enable the extended Menu Mode.
    3. Rotate the SELECT knob to select Menu Mode No-011 [BEACON TEXT 1].
    4. Press the SELECT knob to enable storage of the Beacon Text (the first character location will be underlined).
    5. Rotate the DIAL to select the first character (number or letter) in the Beacon Text you
    wish to store, then rotate the SELECT knob one click clockwise to move to the next
    character.
    6. Repeat step 5 as many times as necessary to complete the Beacon Text.
    • If the Beacon Text is less than 40 characters long, add the “ ” mark after the last
    character to terminate the text, then press the SELECT knob.
    • If the Beacon Text is more than 40 characters long, but less than 79, set the last
    (40th) character to be “ ,” press the SELECT knob, then rotate the DIAL to select
    “BEACON TEXT 2.” Now repeat step 5.
    • If the Beacon Text is more than 79 characters long, up to 118 characters may be
    stored. In this case, set the final character slot in “BEACON TEXT 2” to be “ ,”
    press the SELECT knob, then rotate the DIAL to select “BEACON TEXT 3.” Now
    repeat step 5.
    • Do not forget to install the “ ” mark after the last character, to terminate the text.
    7. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second until you hear a double beep; the
    second beep confirms that the Beacon text was successfully stored.

    90

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 93

    MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
    BEACON FEATURE
    Beacon Transmission (On the Air)
    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to select Menu Mode No-012 [BEACON TIME].
    3. Rotate the DIAL to select the interval time (between repeats of the message) (1 ~ 255
    seconds).
    4. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to exit to normal operation.
    5. Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “o” [PLY1, PLY2, PLY3] appears on the display.
    6. Press the [A](PLY1) key to activate the Beacon Feature.
    1) When using the “beacon” feature, please disable the “VOX” feature.
    2) If you press [B](PLY2) or [C](PLY1), the message will be transmitted, after
    which the transmission will halt. Operationally, these two keys function the same as a
    traditional CW message keyer, while the [A](PLY1) key is used as the repetitive “beacon” text.
    7. To stop a repeating beacon message, just press the [A](PLY1) key momentarily.
    8. To disable transmission from the Beacon, just repeat the above procedure, rotating the
    DIAL to select “OFF” in step 3 above.
    You may adjust the CW speed using Menu Mode No-030 [CW SPEED].
    You may also send the Beacon Text manually. If this is done, all three “Beacon” messages
    may be used as a traditional CW message keyer. To do this:
    Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    Rotate the SELECT knob to select Menu Mode No-012 [BEACON TIME].
    Rotate the DIAL to select “OFF.”
    Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to exit to normal operation.
    Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until
    Multi Function Row “o” [PLY1, PLY2, PLY3] appears on the display.
    6. Press the [A](PLY1) key momentarily to send the “BEACON TEXT 1” message. Alternatively, pressing the [B](PLY2) or [C](PLY3) key will initiate the message at those respective break points.

    1.
    2.
    3.
    4.
    5.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    91



  • Page 94

    MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
    DISPLAY CUSTOMIZATION
    Display Lamp Mode
    The FT-857D illumination lamp has four options for activation of the illumination.
    To set up the Lamp mode:
    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to activate the Menu mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-001 [EXT MENU], then rotate the
    DIAL to change the setting to “ON” to enable the extended Menu Mode.
    3. Rotate the SELECT knob to select Menu Mode No-044 [DISP MODE].
    4. Rotate the DIAL knob select the desired mode. Available selections are:
    OFF:
    Disables the LCD illumination.
    AUTO1: Illuminates the LCD for three seconds when any button is pressed, or if you
    rotate the SELECT knob.
    AUTO2: Illuminates the LCD continuously while the FT-857 is operating on an external power supply.
    ON:
    Illuminates the LCD continuously.
    5. When you have completed your selection, press and hold in the [FUNC] keyn for one
    second to exit the Menu mode.

    Display Contrast
    The LCD’s contrast may be adjusted using the Menu Mode, as well.
    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to activate the Menu mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to select Menu Mode No-042 [DISP CONTRAST].
    3. Rotate the DIAL knob to adjust the contrast. As you make the adjustment, you will be
    able to see the effects of your changes.
    4. When you have completed the adjustment, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one
    second to exit the Menu mode.

    Display Dimmer
    The LCD illumination level may also be adjusted using the Menu Mode.
    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to activate the Menu mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to select Menu Mode No-043 [DISP INTENSITY].
    3. Rotate the DIAL knob to adjust the display illumination for a comfortable brightness
    level. As you make the adjustment, you will be able to see the effects of your changes.
    4. When you have completed the adjustment, press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one
    second to exit the Menu mode.

    92

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 95

    MISCELLANEOUS SETTINGS
    DISPLAY CUSTOMIZATION
    Display Color
    The LCD color may be changed using the Menu Mode for different operating status conditions. For example, the display may be configured to show a different color according to
    ARTS status, by Band, by Memory Group, by VFO/Memory/HOME/QMB status, or may
    be set to indicate different colors according to meter indication (i.e. signal strength, power
    output, etc.). Two banks (“1” and “2”) of color combination patterns are available for all
    selections except “FIX.”
    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to activate the Menu mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to select Menu Mode No-041 [DISP COLOR].
    3. Press the SELECT knob momentarily, then rotate the DIAL to select the desired operating status which you wish utilize. The default selections are:
    ARTS:
    The color changes depending on the “In Range” or “Out of Range” status.
    BAND:
    The color changes according to the Band in use.
    FIX:
    This is a fixed display color, with 32 selections available.
    MEMGRP: The color changes according to the selected Memory Group.
    MODE:
    The color changes according to the selected Mode.
    MTR:
    The color changes according to the S-meter, PWR-meter, MOD-meter, SWRmeter, or ALC-meter reading.
    VFO:
    The color changes according to the VFO/Memory/HOME/QMB status.
    4. Press the SELECT knob momentarily, then rotate the DIAL to select the desired color
    bank to be utilized in conjunction with the selection made in step 3.
    5. When you have completed your selection(s), press and hold in the [FUNC] key button
    for one second to exit the Menu mode.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    93



  • Page 96

    MENU OPERATION
    The Menu System allows you to customize a wide variety of transceiver performance aspects and operating characteristics. Once you have gone through the various Menu
    customization procedures initially, you will find that you will not have to resort to them
    frequently during everyday operation.

    MENU OPERATION
    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second. The Menu Item number and a title for
    the Menu Mode will appear in the display.
    SELECT
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to select the Menu Item
    you wish to work on.
    3. When you have chosen the desired Menu Item
    number, rotate the DIAL knob to change the value
    or condition for the Menu Item.
    [FUNC]
    DIAL
    4. When you have made your selection, press and hold
    in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the new setting and exit to the normal operation.
    1) In step 3 above, if you press the [HOME] key momentarily, it will reset the
    setting of that Menu Item to its factory-default value.
    2) In step 4 above, if you press and hold the [C] key for one second, you will exit to
    normal operation without saving the new setting.
    3) In step 2 above, press the [A] key momentarily, The “hyphen” in the Menu channel
    number will change to become a “dot;” this indicates that this Menu item will be masked
    from the viewable Menu list when Menu No-001 (EXT MENU) is set to “Off.”
    No

    Menu Item

    001 EXT MENU
    002 144MHz ARS
    003 430MHz ARS
    004 AM&FM DIAL
    005 AM MIC GAIN
    006 AM STEP
    007 APO TIME
    008 ARTS BEEP
    009 ARTS ID
    010 ARTS IDW
    011 BEACON TEXT 1
    012 BEACON TIME
    013
    014
    015
    016
    017
    018
    019

    94

    BEEP TONE
    BEEP VOL
    CAR LSB R
    CAR LSB T
    CAR USB R
    CAR USB T
    CAT RATE

    Function

    Available Values

    Enables/Disables the extended Menu Mode.
    Activates/deactivates the Automatic Repeater Shift
    feature when operating on the 144 MHz band.
    Activates/deactivates the Automatic Repeater Shift
    feature when operating on the 430 MHz band.
    Enabling/disabling the DIAL knob on the AM and
    FM modes.
    Adjusts the microphone gain level for the AM
    mode.
    Selects the tuning steps for the SELECT knob on
    the AM mode.
    Selects the Auto Power Off time (time before power
    goes off).
    Selects the ARTS beep mode.
    Enables/disables the CW identifier during ARTS
    operation.
    Stores your callsign into the CW identifier.
    Stores the message for the Beacon.
    Selects the interval time (between message and
    message).
    Selects the beep frequency.
    Selects the beep volume level.
    Sets the Rx Carrier Point for LSB.
    Sets the Tx Carrier Point for LSB
    Sets the Rx Carrier Point for USB
    Sets the Tx Carrier Point for USB
    Sets the transceiver’s circuitry for the CAT baud
    rate to be used.

    ON/OFF
    ON/OFF
    ON/OFF
    ENABLE/DISABLE
    0 ~ 100
    2.5/5/9/10/12.5/25kHz
    OFF/1h ~ 6h

    Default
    OFF
    1
    1
    DISABLE
    50
    1
    OFF

    OFF/RANGE/ALL
    ON/OFF

    RANGE
    OFF



    OFF/
    1 sec ~ 255sec
    440/880/1760 Hz
    0 ~ 100
    –300 ~ +300 Hz
    –300 ~ +300 Hz
    –300 ~ +300 Hz
    –300 ~ +300 Hz
    4800 bps/9600 bps/
    38400 bps

    YAESU

    OFF
    880Hz
    50
    0 Hz
    0 Hz
    0 Hz
    0 Hz
    4800bps

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 97

    MENU OPERATION
    No

    Menu Item

    020 CAT/LIN/TUN
    021 CLAR DIAL SEL
    022 CW AUTO MODE
    023 CW BFO
    024 CW DELAY
    025 CW KEY REV
    026 CW PADDLE
    027 CW PITCH
    028 CW QSK
    029 CW SIDE TONE
    030 CW SPEED
    031 CW TRAINING
    032 CW WEIGHT
    033 DCS CODE
    034 DCS INV
    035 DIAL STEP
    036 DIG DISP
    037 DIG GAIN
    038 DIG MODE
    039 DIG SHIFT
    040 DIG VOX
    041 DISP COLOR
    042
    043
    044
    045

    DISP CONTRAST
    DISP INTENSITY
    DISP MODE
    DSP BPF WIDTH

    046 DSP HPF CUTOFF
    047 DSP LPF CUTOFF
    048 DSP MIC EQ
    049 DSP NR LEVEL
    050 EMERGENCY
    051 FM MIC GAIN
    052 FM STEP
    053 HOME-->VFO
    054 LOCK MODE
    055 MEM GROUP
    056 MEM TAG
    057 MEM/VFO DIAL MODE

    058 MIC SCAN

    Function

    Available Values

    Selects the device which is connected to the CAT/
    LINEAR jack on the rear panel.
    Defines the “control” knob to be used for setting of
    the clarifier offset frequency.
    Selects whether the KEY jack shall be “Enabled” or
    “Disabled” while using the SSB/FM modes.
    Sets the CW carrier oscillator injection side on the
    CW mode.
    Sets the receiver recovery time during pseudoVOX CW semi-break-in operation.
    Sets the keyer paddle’s wiring configuration.
    Enables/disables CW keying by the microphone’s
    [UP]/[DWN] keys.
    Setting of the pitch of the CW sidetone, BFO offset,
    and CW filter center frequencies.
    Selects the time delay between when the PTT is
    keyed and the carrier is transmitted during QSK
    operation when using the internal keyer.
    Setting of the CW sidetone volume level.
    Sets the sending speed for the built-in Electronic
    keyer.
    Sends random Morse Code five-character groups
    via the sidetone.
    Sets the Dot:Dash ratio for the built-in electronic
    keyer.
    Setting of the DCS code.
    Selects “Normal” or “Inverted” DCS coding.

    CAT/LINEAR/TUNER

    Setting of the DIAL knob’s tuning speed.
    Defines the displayed frequency offset during DIG
    (USER-L or USER-U) mode operation.
    Adjusts the audio input level from terminal
    equipment during DIG (Digital) mode operation.
    Selects the mode and sideband in the DIG (Digital)
    mode.
    Defines the carrier frequency offset during DIG
    (USER-L or USER-U) mode operation.
    Sets the gain of the VOX circuitry’s input level for
    the DIG mode.
    Selects the illumination color for each operating
    status.
    Setting of the display contrast level.
    Setting of the display brightness level.
    Sets up the LCD Lamp mode.
    Setting of the bandwidth for the DSP CW audio
    filter.
    Adjusts the low-cut characteristics of the DSP HPF
    filter.
    Adjusts the high-cut characteristics of the DSP LPF
    filter.
    Sets the DSP microphone equalization pattern.
    Setting of the degree of DSP Noise Reduction.
    Enables Tx/Rx operation on the Alaska Emergency
    Channel, 5167.5 kHz.
    Adjusts the microphone gain level for the FM
    mode.
    Selects the tuning steps for the SELECT knob in
    the FM mode.
    Enables/disables the moving of HOME channel
    data to the VFO.
    Selects the operation of the front panel’s LOCK
    key.
    Enables/disables the memory grouping feature.
    Stores Alpha-Numeric “Tags” for the memory
    channels.
    Selects the function which is engaged when you
    press the SELECT knob.

    Enables/disables scanning access via the
    microphone’s [UP]/[DWN] keys.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    Default
    CAT

    SEL, MAIN

    SEL

    ON/OFF

    OFF

    USB/LSB/AUTO
    FULL/
    30 ~ 3000 msec
    NORMAL/REVERSE
    ELEKEY/MICKEY

    USB
    250 msec
    NORMAL
    ELEKEY

    400 ~ 800 Hz

    700 Hz

    10/15/20/25/30 ms

    10 ms

    0 ~ 100
    4 ~ 60 wpm (1wpm/step)/
    20 ~ 300 cpm (5cpm/step)
    N, A, AN

    50
    12 wpm
    (60 cpm)
    N

    1:2.5 ~ 1:4.5

    1:3.0

    104 Standard DCS codes
    Tn-Rn/Tn-Riv/Tiv-Rn/
    Tiv-Riv
    FINE/COARSE
    –3000 ~ +3000 Hz

    023
    Tn-Rn

    0 ~ 100
    RTTY-L/RTTY-U/PSK31-L/
    RTTY-L/PSK31-U/
    USER-L/USER-U
    –3000 ~ +3000 Hz
    0 ~ 100

    FINE
    0 Hz
    50
    RTTY-L
    0 Hz
    0



    FIX: 26

    1 ~ 13
    1 (Dim) ~ 3 (Bright)
    OFF/AUTO1/AUTO2/ON
    60/120/240 Hz

    5
    3
    AUTO2
    240 Hz

    100 ~ 1000 Hz

    100 Hz

    1000 ~ 6000 Hz

    6000 Hz

    OFF/LPF/HPF/BOTH
    1 ~ 16
    ON/OFF
    0 ~ 100

    OFF
    8
    OFF
    50

    5/6.25/10/12.5/15/20/25/
    50 kHz
    ON/OFF

    2
    ON

    DIAL/FREQ/PANEL/ALL

    DIAL

    ON/OFF


    OFF


    CW SIDETONE,
    CW SPEED,
    MHz/MEM GRP,
    MIC GAIN, NB LEVEL,
    RF POWER, STEP
    ON/OFF

    MHz/
    MEM
    GRP
    ON

    95



  • Page 98

    MENU OPERATION
    No

    Menu Item

    059 MIC SEL
    060 MTR ARX SEL
    061 MTR ATX SEL
    062 MTR PEAK HOLD
    063 NB LEVEL
    064 OP FILTER 1
    065 PG A
    066 PG B
    067 PG C
    068 PG ACC
    069 PG P1
    070 PG P2
    071 PKT 1200
    072 PKT 9600
    073 PKT RATE
    074 PROC LEVEL
    075 RF POWER SET
    076
    077
    078
    079
    080

    RPT SHIFT
    SCAN MODE
    SCAN RESUME
    SPLIT TONE
    SQL/RF GAIN

    081 SSB MIC GAIN
    082 SSB STEP
    083 TONE FREQ
    084 TOT TIME
    085 TUNER/ATAS
    086 TX IF FILTER
    087 VOX DELAY
    088 VOX GAIN
    089 XVTR A FREQ
    090 XVTR B FREQ
    091 XVTR SEL

    Function

    Available Values

    The choice of the equipment which connects to the
    MIC jack.
    Select the analog meter display configuration while
    the transceiver is receiving.
    Selects the analog meter display configuration
    while the transceiver is transmitting.
    Enabling/disabling of the “peak hold” function of the
    meter.
    Setting of the blanking level for the IF Noise
    Blanker.
    Not available at this time.
    Programming the [A] key (in the Operating
    Function Row “q” (MFq)) function.
    Programming the [B] key (in the Operating
    Function Row “q” (MFq)) function.
    Programming the [C] key (in the Operating
    Function Row “q” (MFq)) function.
    Programming the optional MH-59A8J microphone’s
    [ACC] button assignment.
    Programming the optional MH-59A8J microphone’s
    [P1] button assignment.
    Programming the optional MH-59A8J microphone’s
    [P2] button assignment.
    Adjusts the audio input level from the TNC during
    1200 bps Packet operation.
    Adjusts the audio input level from the TNC during
    9600 bps Packet operation.
    Sets the transceiver’s circuitry for the Packet baud
    rate to be used.
    Sets the compression level for the AF speech
    processor in the SSB/AM modes.
    Setting of the maximum power level for the current
    band.
    Sets the magnitude of the repeater shift.
    Selects the desired Scan-Resume mode.
    Sets the delay time for scanning resumption.
    Enables/disables split CTCSS/DCS cording.
    Selects the configuration of the front panel’s SQL/
    RF knob.
    Adjusts the microphone gain level for the SSB
    mode.
    Selects the tuning steps for the SELECT knob on
    the SSB mode.
    Setting of the CTCSS Tone Frequency.
    Select the Time-Out Timer time.
    Selects the device (FC-30 or ATAS-100/-120) to be
    controlled via the front panel’s [A](TUNE) key.

    NOR/RMT/CAT

    NOR

    SIG, CTR, VLT, N/A, FS,
    OFF
    PWR, ALC, MOD, SWR,
    VLT, N/A, OFF
    ON/OFF

    PWR

    Selects the Transmit IF filter.
    Sets the “hang time” for the VOX circuitry.
    Sets the gain of the VOX circuitry’s input audio
    detector.
    Allows an arbitrary frequency to be set on the
    display, to allow direct frequency readout during
    transverter operation.

    Enables/disables/selects the antenna port to be
    used for Transverter operation.
    1: Depends on transceiver version.
    2: Depends on operating band and transceiver version.

    96

    0 ~ 100


    Default
    SIG

    ON
    50

    MONI
    Q. SPL

    All Multi Function,
    All Menu Item, MONI,
    Q.SPL, TCALL, ATC and
    USER.

    ATC
    MONI
    Q. SPL
    TCALL

    0 ~ 100

    50

    0 ~ 100

    50

    1200/9600 (bps)
    0 ~ 100
    5 ~ 100
    2 ~ 100 (UHF)
    0.00 ~ 99.99 (MHz)
    TIME/BUSY/STOP
    1 ~ 10 (sec)
    ON/OFF
    RF-GAIN/SQL
    0 ~ 100

    1200 bps
    50
    2
    2
    TIME
    5 sec
    OFF
    1
    50

    1kHz/2.5kHz/5kHz

    2.5kHz

    50 Standard CTCSS tones
    OFF/1 ~ 20 (min)
    OFF/ATAS(HF)/
    ATAS(HF&50)/ATAS(ALL)/
    TUNER
    CFIL/FIL1/FIL2
    100 ~ 3000 (ms)
    1 ~ 100

    88.5 Hz
    OFF
    OFF
    CFIL
    500 ms
    50


    0,000,00 ~ 9999,999,00
    (kHz)



    OFF/X VTR A/X VTR B

    OFF

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 99

    MENU OPERATION
    MENU MODE No-001 [EXT MENU]
    Function: Enables/Disables the extended Menu Mode.
    Available Values: ON/OFF
    Default: OFF
    MENU MODE No•002 [144 MHz ARS]
    Function: Activates/deactivates the Automatic Repeater Shift feature when operating on
    the 144 MHz band.
    Available Values: ON/OFF
    Default: ON (depending on transceiver version)
    MENU MODE No•003 [430 MHz ARS]
    Function: Activates/deactivates the Automatic Repeater Shift feature when operating on
    the 430 MHz band.
    Available Values: ON/OFF
    Default: ON (depending on transceiver version)
    MENU MODE No•004 [AM&FM DIAL]
    Function: Enabling/disabling of the DIAL knob on the AM and FM modes.
    Available Values: ENABLE/DISABLE
    Default: DISABLE
    MENU MODE No-005 [AM MIC GAIN]
    Function: Adjusts the microphone gain level for the AM mode.
    Available Values: 0 ~ 100
    Default: 50
    MENU MODE No-006 [AM STEP]
    Function: Selects the tuning steps for the SELECT knob on the AM mode.
    Available Values: 2.5/5/9/10/12.5/25kHz
    Default: 5 kHz (depending on transceiver version)
    MENU MODE No-007 [APO TIME]
    Function: Selects the Auto Power Off time (time before power goes off).
    Available Values: OFF/1h ~ 6h
    Default: OFF

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    97



  • Page 100

    MENU OPERATION
    MENU MODE No•008 [ARTS BEEP]
    Function: Selects the ARTS beep mode.
    Available Values: OFF/RANGE/ALL
    Default: RANGE
    OFF:
    No alert beeps sound; you must look at the display to determine current ARTS
    status.
    RANGE: A high tone beep will sound when the transceiver first detects that you are within
    range, and a low beep will sound when the other station goes out of range.
    ALL:
    A high tone beep will sound every time a polling transmission is received from
    the other station, and a low beep will sound once when the other station goes out
    of range.
    MENU MODE No•009 [ARTS ID]
    Function: Enables/disables the CW identifier during ARTS operation.
    Available Values: ON/OFF
    Default: OFF
    MENU MODE No•010 [ARTS IDW]
    Function: Stores your callsign into the CW identifier. Up to ten characters may be stored.
    The storage procedure is as follows:
    1. Press the SELECT knob momentarily to initiate callsign storage (the first character
    location of the callsign will be underlined).
    2. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the first letter/number of your callsign, then rotate the
    SELECT knob one click clockwise to save the first letter/number and move to the next
    entry position.
    3. Repeat the previous step as many times as necessary to complete your callsign.
    4. Press the SELECT knob to save your completed callsign and exit.
    Default: YAESU
    MENU MODE No•011 [BEACON TEXT 1]
    Function: Stores the message for the Beacon. Up to 40 characters may be stored. The
    storage procedure is as follows:
    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to select Menu Mode No-011 [BEACON TEXT 1].
    3. Press the SELECT knob to enable storage of the Beacon Text (the first character location will be underlined).
    4. Rotate the DIAL to select the first character (number or letter) in the Beacon Text you
    wish to store, then rotate the SELECT knob one click clockwise to move to the next
    character.
    5. Repeat step 4 as many times as necessary to complete the Beacon Text.
    6. If the Beacon Text is less than 40 characters or more than 40 characters, see page 90 for
    details.

    98

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 101

    MENU OPERATION
    MENU MODE No•012 [BEACON TIME]
    Function: Selects the interval time (between message and message).
    Available Values: OFF/1 sec ~ 255 sec
    Default: OFF
    MENU MODE No•013 [BEEP TONE]
    Function: Selects the beep frequency.
    Available Values: 440/880/1760 Hz
    Default: 880 Hz
    MENU MODE No-014 [BEEP VOL]
    Function: Selects the beep volume level.
    Available Values: 0 ~ 100
    Default: 50
    Press the [B] key to monitor the level during adjustment.
    MENU MODE No•015 [CAR LSB R]
    Function: Sets the Rx Carrier Point for LSB.
    Available Values: –300 ~ +300 Hz
    Default: 0 Hz
    MENU MODE No•016 [CAR LSB T]
    Function: Sets the Tx Carrier Point for LSB
    Available Values: –300 ~ +300 Hz
    Default: 0 Hz
    MENU MODE No•017 [CAR USB R]
    Function: Sets the Rx Carrier Point for USB
    Available Values: –300 ~ +300 Hz
    Default: 0 Hz
    MENU MODE No•018 [CAR USB T]
    Function: Sets the Tx Carrier Point for USB
    Available Values: –300 ~ +300 Hz
    Default: 0 Hz
    MENU MODE No•019 [CAT RATE]
    Function: Sets the transceiver’s circuitry for the CAT baud rate to be used.
    Available Values: 4800bps/9600bps/38400bps
    Default: 4800bps
    MENU MODE No•020 [CAT/LIN/TUN]
    Function: Selects the device which is connected to the CAT/LINEAR jack on the rear panel.
    Available Values: CAT/LINEAR/TUNER
    Default: CAT

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    99



  • Page 102

    MENU OPERATION
    MENU MODE No•021 [CLAR DIAL SEL]
    Function: Defines the SELECT knob to be used for setting of the clarifier offset frequency.
    Available Values: SEL, MAIN (Selector/Main Dial Knobs)
    Default: SEL
    MENU MODE No-022 [CW AUTO MODE]
    Function: Selects whether the KEY jack shall be “Enabled” or “Disabled” while using the
    SSB/FM modes.
    Available Values: ON/OFF
    Default: OFF
    OFF: The KEY jack is enabled on the CW mode only.
    ON: The KEY jack is enabled on all modes (SSB mode: A1, FM mode: F2). Thus, on SSB,
    you can respond to a station asking for a CW QSO without having to change your FT857D’s Mode selection, if Menu #022 is set to “ON.”
    MENU MODE No•023 [CW BFO]
    Function: Sets the CW carrier oscillator injection side on the CW mode.
    Available Values: USB/LSB/AUTO
    Default: USB
    USB: Injects the CW carrier oscillator on the USB side
    LSB: Injects the CW carrier oscillator on the LSB side
    AUTO: Injects the CW carrier oscillator on the LSB side while operating on the 10 MHz
    band and below, USB side while operate on the 10 MHz band and up.
    MENU MODE No-024 [CW DELAY]
    Function: Sets the receiver recovery time during pseudo-VOX CW semi-break-in operation.
    Available Values: FULL/30 ~ 3000 msec
    Default: 250 msec
    The recovery time may be adjusted in steps of 10 msec. A longer delay may be preferable if
    you pause frequently while sending.
    MENU MODE No•025 [CW KEY REV]
    Function: Sets the keyer paddle’s wiring configuration.
    Available Values: NORMAL/REVERSE
    Default: NORMAL
    NORMAL: Keyer paddle polarity is normal. The “tip” plug connection produces dots, and
    the “ring” plug connection produces dashes.
    REVERSE: Keyer paddle polarity is inverted. The “tip” paddle produces dashes, and the
    “ring” paddle produces dots.

    100

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 103

    MENU OPERATION
    MENU MODE No•026 [CW PADDLE]
    Function: Enables/disables CW keying by the microphone’s [UP]/[DWN] keys.
    Available Values: ELEKEY/MICKEY
    Default: ELEKEY
    When this Menu Item is set to “MICKEY,” press the microphone’s [UP] key to send a
    “dot,” and press the microphone’s [DWN] key to send a “dash” (while the built-in electronic keyer is engaged). The “ELEKEY” option is used for normal paddle operation.
    MENU MODE No-027 [CW PITCH]
    Function: Setting of the pitch of the CW sidetone, BFO offset, and CW filter center frequencies.
    Available Values: 400 ~ 800 Hz
    Default: 700 Hz
    The CW pitch may be adjusted in steps of 100 Hz.
    MENU MODE No•028 [CW QSK]
    Function: Selects the time delay between when the PTT is keyed and the carrier is transmitted during QSK operation when using the internal keyer.
    Available Values: 10/15/20/25/30 ms
    Default: 10 ms
    Note: If you select “25 (or 30) ms,” please do not attempt to set Menu [No-030 CW SPEED]
    to a speed faster than “50 (42) wpm,” as the delay will make it impossible to transmit.
    MENU MODE No-029 [CW SIDE TONE]
    Function: Setting of the CW sidetone volume level.
    Available Values: 0 ~ 100
    Default: 50
    MENU MODE No-030 [CW SPEED]
    Function: Sets the sending speed for the built-in Electronic keyer.
    Available Values: 4wpm ~ 60 wpm (1wpm/step)/20cpm ~ 300 cpm (5cpm/step)
    Default: 12 wpm (60 cpm)
    You can set the sending speed according to either of two units of speed (wpm: words per
    minute; cpm: characters per minute)
    To switch units between “wpm” and “cpm,” just press the SELECT knob.
    MENU MODE No•031 [CW TRAINING]
    Function: Sends random Morse Code five-character groups via the sidetone.
    Available Values: N / A / AN
    Default: N
    N: Numeric characters only
    A: Alphabet characters only
    AN: Numeric and Alphabet characters (Mixed)

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    101



  • Page 104

    MENU OPERATION
    MENU MODE No•032 [CW WEIGHT]
    Function: Sets the Dot:Dash ratio for the built-in electronic keyer.
    Available Values: 1:2.5 ~ 1:4.5
    Default: 1:3.0
    MENU MODE No-033 [DCS CODE]
    Function: Setting of the DCS code.
    Available Values: 104 Standard DCS codes
    Default: 023
    You can set the DSC codes for Encode and Decode separately.
    To switch between “ENCODE (T)” and “DECODE (D),” press the SELECT knob, then rotate the DIAL konb.

    DCS CODE
    023 025 026 031 032 036 043 047 051 053
    054 065 071 072 073 074 114 115 116 122
    125 131 132 134 143 145 152 155 156 162
    165 172 174 205 212 223 225 226 243 244
    245 246 251 252 255 261 263 265 266 271
    274 306 311 315 325 331 332 343 346 351
    356 364 365 371 411 412 413 423 431 432
    445 446 452 454 455 462 464 465 466 503
    506 516 523 526 532 546 565 606 612 624
    627 631 632 654 662 664 703 712 723 731

    MENU MODE No•034 [DCS INV]
    732 734 743 754 –




    Function: Selects “Normal” or “Inverted” DCS
    coding.
    Available Values: Tn-Rn/Tn-Riv/Tiv-Rn/Tiv-Riv (“n” = “normal, ” “iv” = “inverted”)
    Default: Tn-Rn



    MENU MODE No-035 [DIAL STEP]
    Function: Setting of the DIAL knob’s tuning speed.
    Available Values: FINE/COARSE
    Default: FINE
    You may choose between two speeds for the DIAL knob. Selecting “COARSE” doubles the
    tuning rate compared to the default value.
    FINE:
    10 Hz/step @SSB/CW mode, 100 Hz/step @AM/FM
    COARSE: 20 Hz/step @SSB/CW mode, 200 Hz/step @AM/FM
    MENU MODE No•036 [DIG DISP]
    Function: Defines the displayed frequency offset during DIG (USER-L or USER-U) mode
    operation.
    Available Values: –3000 ~ +3000 Hz
    Default: 0 Hz
    MENU MODE No•037 [DIG GAIN]
    Function: Adjusts the audio input level from terminal equipment (such as a TNC or PSK31 sound card) during DIG (Digital) mode operation.
    Available Values: 0 ~ 100
    Default: 50

    102

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 105

    MENU OPERATION
    MENU MODE No•038 [DIG MODE]
    Function: Selects the mode and sideband (if applicable) in the DIG (Digital) mode.
    Available Values: RTTY-L/RTTY-U/PSK31-L/PSK31-U/USER-L/USER-U
    Default: RTTY-L
    RTTY-L: AFSK RTTY operation on the LSB mode
    RTTY-U: AFSK RTTY operation on the USB mode
    PSK31-L: PSK-31 operation on the LSB mode
    PSK31-U:PSK-31 operation on the USB mode
    USER-L: User-programmed custom operation based on LSB mode
    USER-U: User-programmed custom operation based on USB mode
    In the USER-L and USER-U modes, you can define the display frequency offset and carrier
    frequency offset by Menu Mode No-036 [DIG DISP] and No-039 [DIG SHIFT].
    MENU MODE No•039 [DIG SHIFT]
    Function: Defines the carrier frequency offset during DIG (USER-L or USER-U) mode
    operation.
    Available Values: –3000 ~ +3000 Hz
    Default: 0 Hz
    MENU MODE No•040 [DIG VOX]
    Function: Sets the gain of the VOX circuitry’s input level for the DIG mode.
    Available Values: 0 ~ 100
    Default: 0
    Note: When you wish to use “DIG VOX,” press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate
    the SELECT knob, until you reach Multi Function Row “d” [RPT, REV, VOX], then press
    the [C](VOX) key. The “ ” icon and “ ” icon will disappear, signifying that the (SSB/AM/
    FM voice) VOX system has been turned off. Despite these indicators having disappeared,
    the Digital Mode “VOX” system will still be active, allowing audio input from a TNC or
    sound card to engage the transmitter.
    MENU MODE No-041 [DISP COLOR]
    Function: Selects the illumination color for each operating status.
    Available Values: ARTS/BAND/FIX/MEMGRP/MODE/MTR/VFO
    Default: FIX: 26
    MENU MODE No-042 [DISP CONTRAST]
    Function: Setting of the display contrast level.
    Available Values: 1 ~ 13
    Default: 5

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    103



  • Page 106

    MENU OPERATION
    MENU MODE No-043 [DISP INTENSITY]
    Function: Setting of the display brightness level.
    Available Values: 1 (Dim) ~ 3 (Bright)
    Default: 3
    MENU MODE No•044 [DISP MODE]
    Function: Sets up the LCD Lamp mode.
    Available Values: OFF/AUTO1/AUTO2/ON
    Default: AUTO2
    OFF:
    Disables the LCD illumination.
    AUTO1: Illuminates the LCD for three seconds when any button is pressed, or if you
    rotate the SELECT knob.
    AUTO2: Illuminates the LCD continuously while the FT-857 is operating on an external
    power supply.
    ON:
    Illuminates the LCD continuously.
    MENU MODE No-045 [DSP BPF WIDTH]
    Function: Setting of the bandwidth for the DSP CW audio filter.
    Available Values: 60/120/240 Hz
    Default: 240
    MENU MODE No-046 [DSP HPF CUTOFF]
    Function: Adjusts the low-cut characteristics of the DSP HPF filter.
    Available Values: 100/160/220/280/340/400/460/520/580/640/700/760/820/880/940/1000
    (Hz)
    Default: 100
    This Menu Item determines the low-cut frequency of the DSP HPF filter in the SSB, AM,
    and FM modes. Generally, acceptable voice fidelity will be obtained only if you do not set
    this parameter much above 400 Hz.
    MENU MODE No-047 [DSP LPF CUTOFF]
    Function: Adjusts the high-cut characteristics of the DSP LPF filter.
    Available Values:1000/1160/1320/1480/1650/1800/1970/2130/2290/2450/2610/2770/
    2940/3100/3260/3420/3580/3740/3900/4060/4230/4390/4550/4710/4870/5030/5190/5390/
    5520/5680/5840/6000 (Hz)
    Default: 6000
    This Menu Item determines the high-cut frequency of the DSP LPF filter in the SSB, AM,
    and FM modes. Best voice-mode interference rejection will usually be obtained with a
    setting of between 2130 and 2770 Hz.

    104

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 107

    MENU OPERATION
    MENU MODE No-048 [DSP MIC EQ]
    Function: Sets the DSP microphone equalization pattern.
    Available Values: OFF/LPF/HPF/BOTH
    Default: OFF
    OFF: This function is disabled.
    LPF: Lower frequencies are emphasized.
    HPF: Higher frequencies are emphasized.
    BOTH: Mid-range frequencies are emphasized.
    MENU MODE No-049 [DSP NR LEVEL]
    Function: Setting of the degree of DSP Noise Reduction.
    Available Values: 1 ~ 16
    Default: 8
    MENU MODE No•050 [EMERGENCY]: USA Version only
    Function: Enables Tx/Rx operation on the Alaska Emergency Channel, 5167.5 kHz.
    Available Values: ON/OFF
    Default: OFF
    When this Menu Item is set to “ON,” the spot frequency of 5167.5 kHz will be enabled. To
    get to this frequency, use the SELECT knob to navigate; the Alaska Emergency Channel
    will be found between the Memory channel “M-P5U” and “M-001.”
    Use of this frequency is restricted to amateurs operating in, or within 50 nautical miles
    (92.6 km) of, the U.S. State of Alaska, and it is to be used for emergency communications
    only (involving the immediate protection of life or property).
    MENU MODE No•051 [FM MIC GAIN]
    Function: Adjusts the microphone gain level for the FM mode.
    Available Values: 0 ~ 100
    Default: 50
    MENU MODE No-052 [FM STEP]
    Function: Selects the tuning steps for the SELECT knob in the FM mode.
    Available Values: 5/6.25/10/12.5/15/20/25/50 kHz
    Default: Depends on operating band and transceiver version.
    MENU MODE No•053 [HOME VFO]
    Function: Enables/disables the moving of HOME channel data to the VFO.
    Available Values: ON/OFF
    Default: ON
    Recall the HOME channel, then rotate the DIAL or SELECT knob. The data will now have
    been copied to the current VFO, although the original HOME contents will remain intact on
    the previously-stored HOME channel.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    105



  • Page 108

    MENU OPERATION
    MENU MODE No•054 [LOCK MODE]
    Function: Selects the operation of the front panel’s [LOCK] key.
    Available Values: DIAL/FREQ/PANEL/ALL
    Default: DIAL
    DIAL: Locks the DIAL knob only.
    FREQ: Locks the front panel keys and knobs related to frequency control (such as
    [BAND(DWN)] and [BAND(UP)] key, [A](A/B) key., etc.)
    PANEL: Locks all front panel keys and knobs (except POWER and [LOCK] keys)
    ALL: Locks all front panel keys and knobs (except POWER and [LOCK] keys) and
    microphone keys.
    MENU MODE No•055 [MEM GROUP]
    Function: Enables/disables the memory grouping feature.
    Available Values: OFF/ON
    Default: OFF
    When this Menu Item is set to “ON,” the 200 “standard” memory channels are partitioned
    into ten Memory Groups, each holding up to 20 memory channels (the Group size is fixed).
    MENU MODE No•056 [MEM TAG]
    Function: Stores Alpha-Numeric “Tags” for the memory channels.
    Up to eight characters may be stored. The storage procedure is as follows:
    1. Recall the memory channel onto which you wish to appended a label.
    2. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to enter the Menu mode.
    3. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-056 [MEM TAG].
    4. Press the SELECT knob to enable the programming of the label.
    5. Rotate the DIAL knob to select the first character (number, letter, or symbol) in the name
    you wish to store, then rotate the SELECT knob clockwise to move to the next character.
    6. Again rotate the DIAL knob to select the next number, letter, or symbol, then rotate the
    SELECT knob clockwise to move to the next character’s slot.
    7. Repeat step 6 as many times as necessary to complete the name tag for the memory, then
    press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the A/N (Alpha-Numeric)
    name entry and exit to normal operation.
    8. During Memory operation, press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob, as needed, until Multi Function Row “b” [MW, MCLR, TAG] appears on
    the display. Press the [C](TAG) key momentarily to activate the Alpha-Numeric Tag.
    Repeatedly pressing this key will toggle operation between “Frequency” display and
    “Tag” display.
    You can recall Menu Mode No-056 [MEM TAG] instantly by pressing and holding in the
    [C](TAG) key for one second.

    106

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 109

    MENU OPERATION
    MENU MODE No•057 [MEM/VFO DIAL MODE]
    Function: Selects the function which is engaged when you press the SELECT knob thereby
    activating its “secondary” function).
    Available Values: CW SIDETONE, CW SPEED, MHz/MEM GRP, MIC GAIN, NB
    LEVEL, RF POWER/STEP
    Default: MHz/MEM GRP
    MENU MODE No•058 [MIC SCAN]
    Function: Enables/disables scanning access via the microphone’s [UP]/[DWN] keys.
    Available Values: OFF/ON
    Default: ON
    MENU MODE No•059 [MIC SEL]
    Function: The choice of the equipment which connects to the MIC jack.
    Available Values: NOR/RMT/CAT
    Default: NOR
    NOR: Normal Microphone.
    RMT: Optional MH-59A8J Remote Microphone.
    CAT: CAT system: if you are using the optional FC-30 antenna tuner, you can still use the
    CAT system by connecting the serial Data cable to the MIC jack.
    MENU MODE No•060 [MTR ARX SEL]
    Function: Selects the analog meter display configuration while the transceiver is receiving.
    Available Values: SIG, CTR, VLT, N/A, FS, OFF
    Default: SIG
    SIG: Indicates the incoming signal strength.
    CTR: Discriminator center meter.
    VLT: Indicates the battery voltage.
    N/A: Not available at this time.
    FS: Applies a calibration signal (1 mA for full scale) at the METER Jack on the transceiver bottom, for adjustment of an external meter’s calibration. This lets you adjust
    the external potentiometer in your metering system so that the external meter reading is full scale.
    OFF: Disables the meter.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    107



  • Page 110

    MENU OPERATION
    MENU MODE No•061 [MTR ATX SEL]
    Function: Selects the analog meter display configuration while the transceiver is transmitting.
    Available Values: PWR, ALC, MOD, SWR, VLT, N/A, OFF
    Default: PWR
    PWR: Indicates the relative transmit power.
    ALC: Indicates the relative Automatic Level Control voltage.
    MOD: Indicates the deviation level.
    SWR: Indicates the Standing Wave Ratio (forward:reflected).
    VLT: Indicates the battery voltage.
    N/A: Not available at this time.
    OFF: Disables the meter.
    MENU MODE No-062 [MTR PEAK HOLD]
    Function: Enabling/disabling of the “peak hold” function of the meter.
    Available Values: OFF/ON
    Default: ON
    MENU MODE No-063 [NB LEVEL]
    Function: Setting of the blanking level for the IF Noise Blanker.
    Available Values: 0 ~ 100
    Default: 50
    MENU MODE No•064 [OP FILTER 1]
    Not available at this time.
    MENU MODE No•065 [PG A]
    Function: Programming the [A] key [in Operating Function Row “q” (MFq)] function.
    Available Values: All Multi Functions, all Menu Items (except Menu #065 through 070),
    MONI, Q.SPL, TCALL, ATC and USER.
    Default: MONI
    MENU MODE No•066 [PG B]
    Function: Programming the [B] key [in Operating Function Row “q” (MFq)] function.
    Available Values: All Multi Functions, all Menu Items (except Menu #065 through 070),
    MONI, Q.SPL, TCALL, ATC and USER.
    Default: Q.SPL
    MENU MODE No•067 [PG C]
    Function: Programming the [C] key [in Operating Function Row “q” (MFq)] function.
    Available Values: All Multi Functions, all Menu Items (except Menu #065 through 070),
    MONI, Q.SPL, TCALL, ATC and USER.
    Default: ATC

    108

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 111

    MENU OPERATION
    MENU MODE No•068 [PG ACC]
    Function: Programming the optional MH-59A8J microphone’s [ACC] button assignment.
    Available Values: All Multi Functions, all Menu Items (except Menu #065 through 070),
    MONI, Q.SPL, TCALL, ATC and USER.
    Default: MONI
    MENU MODE No•069 [PG P1]
    Function: Programming the optional MH-59A8J microphone’s [P1] button assignment.
    Available Values: All Multi Functions, all Menu Items (except Menu #065 through 070),
    MONI, Q.SPL, TCALL, ATC and USER.
    Default: Q.SPL
    MENU MODE No•070 [PG P2]
    Function: Programming the optional MH-59A8J microphone’s [P2] button assignment.
    Available Values: All Multi Functions, all Menu Items (except Menu #065 through 070),
    MONI, Q.SPL, TCALL, ATC and USER.
    Default: TCALL
    MENU MODE No•071 [PKT1200]
    Function: Adjusts the audio input level from the TNC during 1200 bps Packet operation.
    Available Values: 0 ~ 100
    Default: 50
    MENU MODE No•072 [PKT9600]
    Function: Adjusts the audio input level from the TNC during 9600 bps Packet operation.
    Available Values: 0 ~ 100
    Default: 50
    MENU MODE No•073 [PKT RATE]
    Function: Sets the transceiver’s circuitry for the Packet baud rate to be used.
    Available Values: 1200/9600 (bps)
    Default: 1200 (bps)
    MENU MODE No-074 [PROC LEVEL]
    Function: Sets the compression level for the AF speech processor in the SSB/AM modes.
    Available Values: 0 ~ 100
    Default: 50
    MENU MODE No-075 [RF POWER SET]
    Function: Setting of the maximum power level for the current band.
    Available Values: Depends on operating band and transceiver version.
    Default: Depends on operating band and transceiver version.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    109



  • Page 112

    MENU OPERATION
    MENU MODE No-076 [RPT SHIFT]
    Function: Sets the magnitude of the repeater shift.
    Available Values: 0.00 ~ 99.99 (MHz)
    Default: Depends on operating band and transceiver version.
    MENU MODE No•077 [SCAN MODE]
    Function: Selects the desired Scan-Resume mode.
    Available Values: TIME/BUSY/STOP
    Default: TIME
    This Menu Item allows you to select your favorite method of scan-restart after the scanner
    has stopped on an incoming signal (when the squelch opens).
    TIME: The scanner will hold for a fixed length of time, set via MENU MODE No-078
    [SCAN RESUME], then resume whether or not the other station is still transmitting.
    BUSY: The scanner will hold until the signal disappears, then will resume after one second.
    STOP: The scanner will stop when a signal is received, and will not restart.
    MENU MODE No•078 [SCAN RESUME]
    Function: Sets the delay time for scanning resumption.
    Available Values: 1 ~ 10 (sec)
    Default: 5
    MENU MODE No•079 [SPLIT TONE]
    Function: Enables/disables split CTCSS/DCS coding.
    Available Values: OFF/ON
    Default: OFF
    MENU MODE No-080 [SQL/RF GAIN]
    Function: Selects the configuration of the front panel’s SQL/RF knob.
    Available Values: RF-GAIN/SQL
    Default: Depends on transceiver version.
    MENU MODE No-081 [SSB MIC GAIN]
    Function: Adjusts the microphone gain level for the SSB mode.
    Available Values: 0 ~ 100
    Default: 50
    MENU MODE No-082 [SSB STEP]
    Function: Selects the tuning steps for the SELECT knob on the SSB mode.
    Available Values: 1 kHz/2.5 kHz/5 kHz
    Default: 2.5 kHz

    110

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 113

    MENU OPERATION
    MENU MODE No-083 [TONE FREQ]
    Function: Setting of the CTCSS Tone Frequency.
    Available Values: 50 Standard CTCSS tones
    Default: 88.5 Hz
    MENU MODE No-084 [TOT TIME]
    Function: Selects the Time-Out Timer time.
    Available Values: OFF/1 ~ 20 (min)
    Default: OFF

    CTCSS TONE FREQUENCY (Hz)
    67.0

    69.3

    71.9

    74.4

    77.0

    82.5

    85.4

    88.5

    91.5

    94.8

    79.7
    97.4

    100.0

    103.5

    107.2

    110.9

    114.8

    118.8

    123.0

    127.3

    131.8

    136.5

    141.3

    146.2

    151.4

    156.7

    159.8

    162.2

    165.5

    167.9

    171.3

    173.8

    177.3

    179.9

    183.5

    186.2

    189.9

    192.8

    196.6

    199.5

    203.5

    206.5

    210.7

    218.1

    225.7

    229.1

    233.6

    241.8

    250.3

    254.1









    MENU MODE No•085 [TUNER/ATAS]
    Function: Selects the device (FC-30 or ATAS-100/-120) to be controlled via the front
    panel’s [A](TUNE) key.
    Available Values: OFF/ATAS(HF)/ATAS(HF&50)/ATAS(ALL)/TUNER
    Default: OFF
    OFF:
    The [A](TUNE) key is disabled.
    ATAS (HF):
    The [A](TUNE) key will activate the optional ATAS-100/-120 on the HF
    amateur bands.
    ATAS (HF&50): The [A](TUNE) key will activate the optional ATAS-100/-120 on the HF
    amateur bands and 50 MHz amateur band.
    ATAS (ALL): The [A](TUNE) key will activate the optional ATAS-100/-120 on the HF,
    VHF (6/2 m), and 430 MHz bands.
    TUNER:
    The [A](TUNE) key will activate the optional FC-30.
    MENU MODE No•086 [TX IF FILTER]
    Function: Selects the Transmit IF filter.
    Available Values: CFIL/FIL1/FIL2
    Default: CFIL
    MENU MODE No•087 [VOX DELAY]
    Function: Sets the “hang time” for the VOX circuitry.
    Available Values: 100 ~ 3000 (ms)
    Default: 500 (ms)
    MENU MODE No-088 [VOX GAIN]
    Function: Sets the gain of the VOX circuitry’s input audio detector.
    Available Values: 1 ~ 100
    Default: 50

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    111



  • Page 114

    MENU OPERATION
    MENU MODE No•089 [XVTR A FREQ]
    Function: Allows an arbitrary frequency to be set on the display, to allow direct frequency
    readout during transverter operation; can also be used to account for frequency conversion
    inaccuracies when a known reference frequency is known.
    The setting procedure is as follows:
    1. Press the MEM/VFO CH knob momentarily. You will see cursor flashing under at the
    1st digit.
    2. Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to move the cursor to the desired digit.
    3. Rotate the DIAL knob to select what numeric value put on this digit.
    4. Repeat step 2 and 3 as many times as necessary to complete the arbitrary frequency.
    5. Press the MEM/VFO CH knob to save the new setting and exit.
    Available Values: 00,000,00 ~ 99,999,99 (kHz)
    Default: Current VFO frequency.
    MENU MODE No•090 [XVTR B FREQ]
    Function: Allows an arbitrary frequency to be set on the display, to allow direct frequency
    readout during transverter operation; can also be used to account for frequency conversion
    inaccuracies when a known reference frequency is known.
    1. Press the MEM/VFO CH knob momentarily. You will see cursor flashing under at the
    1st digit.
    2. Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to move the cursor to the desired digit.
    3. Rotate the DIAL knob to select what numeric value put on this digit.
    4. Repeat step 2 and 3 as many times as necessary to complete the arbitrary frequency.
    5. Press the MEM/VFO CH knob to save the new setting and exit.Available Values:
    00,000,00 ~ 99,999,99 (kHz)
    Default: Current VFO frequency.
    MENU MODE No•091 [XVTR SEL]
    Function: Enable/disable the Transverter function.
    Available Values: OFF/X VTR A/X VTR B
    Default: OFF
    OFF:
    Disables the Transverter operation feature.
    X VTR A: Activates the transverter operation feature. The display frequency may be set
    via MENU No-089 [XVTR A FREQ].
    X VTR B: Activates the second transverter operation display. The display frequency may
    be set via No-090 [XVTR B FREQ].

    112

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 115

    CAT OPERATION
    The FT-857D’s CAT System allows the transceiver to be controlled by a personal computer. This allows multiple control operations to be fully automated as a single mouse click,
    or it allows a third-party software package (such as contest logging software) to communicate with the FT-857D without (redundant) operator intervention.
    The Optional CAT Interface Cable CT-62 is a connection cable for the FT-857D and your
    computer. The CT-62 has a built-in level converter, allowing direct connection from the
    rear panel CAT/LINEAR jack to the serial port of your computer, without the need for an
    external RS-232C level converter box.
    Vertex Standard does not produce CAT System operating software, due to the wide variety
    of personal computers, operating systems, and applications in use today.
    The information presented in this section will allow the programmer to understand the
    command structure and opcodes used in the FT-857D’s CAT System.

    CT-62 (Option)
    RS-232C

    CAT/LINEAR

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    113



  • Page 116

    CAT OPERATION
    CAT Data Protocol
    All commands sent from the computer to the transceiver consist of five-byte blocks, with
    up to 200 ms between each byte. The last byte in each block is the instruction opcode, while
    the first four bytes of each block are arguments (either parameters for that instruction, or
    dummy values required to pad the block out to five bytes). Each byte consists of 1 start bit,
    8 data bits, no parity bit, and two stop bits.
    L.S.D
    Parameter
    1

    CAT DATA BYTE FORMAT

    Parameter
    2

    Parameter
    3

    Parameter
    4

    M.S.D.
    Command

    CAT 5-BYTE COMMAND STRUCTURE

    There are 17 instruction opcodes for the FT-857D, listed in the chart on next page. Many of
    these opcodes are On/Off toggle commands for the same action (e.g. “PTT On” and “PTT
    Off”) Most of these commands require some parameter or parameters to be set. Irrespective
    of the number of parameters present, every Command Block sent must consist of five bytes.
    Accordingly, any CAT control program must construct the five-byte block by selecting the
    appropriate instruction opcode, organizing the parameters as needed, and providing unused
    “dummy” argument bytes to pad the block to its required five-byte length (the dummy
    bytes can contain any value). The resulting five bytes are then sent, opcode last, from the
    computer to the FT-857D CPU via the computer’s serial port and the transceiver’s CAT/
    LINEAR jack.
    All CAT data values are hexadecimal

    Constructing and Sending CAT Commands
    Example #1: Set the VFO frequency to 439.70 MHz
    Per the CAT command table, the opcode for “Set Frequency” is 01. Placing the opcode into
    the 5th data bit position, we then enter the frequency into the first four data bit positions:
    DATA 1
    43

    DATA 2
    DATA 3
    DATA 4
    97
    00
    00
    Parameter
    Send these five bytes to the transceiver, in the order shown above.

    DATA 5
    01
    Command

    Example #2: Turn the Split Mode “On”
    Per the CAT command table, the opcode for “Split On” is 02. Placing the opcode into the
    5th data bit position, we then enter dummy values into all other parameter locations:
    DATA 1
    00

    114

    DATA 2
    DATA 3
    00
    00
    Dummy Data

    DATA 4
    00

    DATA 5
    02
    Command

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 117

    CAT OPERATION
    OPCODE COMMAND CHART
    Command Title

    Parameter

    Opcode

    LOCK ON/OFF

    CMD

    PTT ON/OFF

    CMD

    Notes
    CMD = 00: LOCK ON
    CMD = 80: LOCK OFF
    CMD = 08: PTT ON
    CMD = 88: PTT OFF

    Set Frequency

    P1

    Operating Mode

    P1

    P2

    P3

    P4

    01

    P1 ~ P4: Frequency Digits
    01, 42, 34, 56, [01] = 14.23456 MHz

    07

    P1 = 00: LSB,

    P1 = 01: USB,

    P1 = 02: CW,

    P1 = 03: CWR,

    P1 = 04: AM,

    P1 = 08: FM,

    P1 = 88: FM-N, P1 = 0A: DIG,
    P1 = 0C: PKT
    CLAR ON/OFF

    CMD

    CMD = 05: CLAR ON
    CMD = 85: CLAR OFF

    CLAR Frequency

    P1

    P3

    P4

    F5

    P1 = 00: “+” OFFSET
    P1 ≠ 00: “–” OFFSET
    P3, P4: CLAR Frequency
    12, 34 = 12.34 kHz

    VFO-A/B

    81

    SPLIT ON/OFF

    CMD

    Toggle
    CMD = 02: SPLIT ON
    CMD = 82: SPLIT OFF

    Repeater Offset Frequency

    P1

    09

    P1 = 09: “–” SHIFT
    P1 = 49: “+” SHIFT
    P1 = 89: SIMPLEX

    Repeater Offset

    P1

    CTCSS/DCS Mode

    P1

    P2

    P3

    P4

    F9

    P1 ~ P4: Frequency Digits
    05, 43, 21, 00, [F9] = 5.4321 MHz

    0A

    P1 = 0A: DCS ON
    P1 = 0B: DCS DECODER ON
    P1 = 0C: DCS ENCODER ON
    P1 = 2A: CTCSS ON
    P1 = 3A: CTCSS DECODER ON
    P1 = 4A: CTCSS ENCODER ON
    P1 = 8A: OFF

    CTCSS Tone

    P1

    P2

    P3

    P4

    0B

    DCS Code

    P1

    P2

    P3

    P4

    0C

    P1 ~ P2: CTCSS Tone Frequency for TX (Note 1)
    P3 ~ P4: CTCSS Tone Frequency for RX (Note 1)
    P1 ~ P2: DCS Code for TX (Note 2)
    P3 ~ P4: DCS Code for RX (Note 2)

    Read RX Status

    E7

    (Note 3)

    Read TX Status

    F7

    (Note 4)

    Read Frequency & Mode Status

    03

    (Note 5)

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    115



  • Page 118

    CAT OPERATION
    Note 1: CTCSS Tone
    Example: Set the CTCSS Tone Frequncy to 88.5
    Hz (TX) and 100.0 Hz (RX)
    P1

    P2

    P3

    P4

    08

    85

    10

    00 = 88.5 Hz (TX),
    100.0 Hz (RX)

    Note 2: DCS Code
    Example: Set the DCS Code to 023 (TX) and 371
    (RX)
    P1

    P2

    P3

    P4

    00

    23

    03

    71 = 023 (TX),
    371 (RX)

    Note 3: Read RX Status
    7 6 5 4 3 21 0
    S Meter Data
    Dummy Data
    Discriminator Centering
    0: Discriminator is Centered
    1: Discriminator is Off-Center
    SSM/CW/AM mode: 0
    CTCSS/DCS Code
    0: CTCSS/DCS Code is Matched
    1: CTCSS/DCS Code is Un-Matched
    CTCSS/DCS OFF: 0
    Squelch Status
    0: Squelch “OFF” (Signal present)
    1: Squelch “OFF” (No signal)

    Note 4: Read TX Status
    7 6 5 4 3 21 0
    PO Meter Data
    Dummy Data
    SPLIT Status
    0: SPLIT “ON”
    1: SPLIT “OFF”
    HI SWR Status
    0: HI SWR “OFF”
    1: HI SWR “ON”
    PTT Status
    0: PTT “ON” (TX)
    1: PTT “OFF” (RX)

    Note 5: Read Frequency & Mode Status
    DATA 1 DATA 2 DATA 3 DATA 4 DATA 5

    1MHz/100kHz

    43

    116

    MODE

    10/1kHz

    100/10MHz

    97

    100/10Hz

    00

    00=LSB, 01=USB
    02=CW, 03=CWR
    82=CW-N, 04=AM
    06=WFM, 08=FM
    88=NFM, 0A=DIG
    0C=PKT

    00

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 119

    POWER-ON MICROPROCESSOR RESET PROCEDURES
    Some or all transceiver settings can be reset to their factory-default states using one of the
    following power-on routines:
    [V/M] + POWER on: Resets all memories and following menu settings to their factorydefault values:
    Menu #06 (AM STEP), 33 (DCS CODE), 52 (FM STEP), 56 (MEM TAG), 76 (RPT SHIFT),
    82 (SSB STEP), and 83 (TONE FREQ).
    [FUNC] + POWER on: Resets all menu settings (except the following menu items) to
    their factory-default values.
    Menu #06 (AM STEP), 33 (DCS CODE), 52 (FM STEP), 56 (MEM TAG), 76 (RPT SHIFT),
    82 (SSB STEP), and 83 (TONE FREQ).
    [HOME] + POWER on: CPU master reset for all memories and menu settings.

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    117



  • Page 120

    CLONING
    You can transfer all data stored in one transceiver to another set by utilizing the handy
    “Cloning” feature. This requires a user-constructed cloning cable which connects the CAT/
    LINEAR jacks on the two transceivers, as shown below.
    To clone from one transceiver to another, use the following procedure:
    1. Insert the Clone Cable into the CAT/LINEAR jack of each transceiver.
    2. Turn both transceivers off, then press and hold in the [MODE( )] and [MODE( )]
    buttons on each radio while turning the power on again. The “CLONE MODE” notation
    will appear on the display.
    3. On the “destination” radio, press the [A](RCV) key.
    4. Now, on the “source” radio, press the [C](SEND) key.
    Data will now be transferred to the “Destination” radio
    from the “Source” radio.
    5. If there is a problem during the cloning process, “Error”
    [Distination Radio]
    will be blinked. Check your cable connections and try
    again.
    6. If cloning is successful, turn the “destination” radio off.
    Now turn the “source” radio off.
    [Source Radio]
    7. Remove the clone cable. Channel and operating data for
    both radios are now identical. They both may be turned
    on now for normal operation.

    RX D

    118

    TX D

    RX D

    TX D

    GND

    GND

    CAT/LINEAR

    CAT/LINEAR

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 121

    NOTE

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    119



  • Page 122

    INSTALLATION OF OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
    OPTIONAL FILTERS: YF-122S, YF-122C, AND YF-122CN
    1. Turn the transceiver’s power off by pressing and holding in the POWER switch for one
    second, then disconnect the DC cable from the INPUT jack on the rear panel of the
    transceiver.
    2. Referring to Figure 1, remove the seven screws affixing the top cover of the transceiver
    then disconnect the speaker’s connector from the MAIN Unit.
    3. Refer to Figure 2 for the mounting locations for the optional filters. Position the filter so
    that its connectors are aligned with the mounting pins on the board, and push it into
    place (these slots does not distinction for the installed filter).
    4. Replace the top cover and its seven screws (remember to replace the internal speaker’s
    plug).
    5. Filter installation is now complete. Connect the DC cable to the INPUT jack.
    To use the optional filter, press the [B](2.3, 500, or 300) (in Multi Function Row “n”) to
    activate the optional filter which is installed in the “FIL1” slot. Press the [C](2.3, 500, or
    300) key (in Multi Function Row “n”) to activate the optional filter which is installed in the
    “FIL2” slot.
    Note: If you wish to use the optional filter for transmission while operating in the SSB
    mode,
    Optional Filter
    change the setting of Menu Mode No-086 [TX IF FIL]
    TER to “FIL1” or “FIL2” (the slot into which you installed the optional YF-122S filter).
    MAIN UNIT

    FIL-2

    FIL-1

    DSP

    TX/BUSY

    DWN

    DSP

    UP

    MODE

    Figure 1

    120

    TX/BUSY

    DWN

    UP

    MODE
    BAND

    BAND

    Figure 2

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 123

    INSTALLATION OF OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
    OPTIONAL HIGH STABILITY REFERENCE OSCILLATOR TCXO-9
    The TCXO-9 provides high stability over a wide range of ambient temperatures, so as to
    enhance digital-mode operating.
    1. Turn the transceiver’s power off by pressing and holding in the POWER switch for one
    second, then disconnect the DC cable from the INPUT jack on the rear panel of the
    transceiver.
    2. Referring to Figure 1, remove the seven screws affixing the top cover of the transceiver
    then disconnect the speaker’s connector from the MAIN Unit.
    3. Referring to Figure 2, locate the factory-installed REF UNIT on the board. Remove the
    factory-installed REF UNIT from the board, then position the TCXO-9 so that its connectors are aligned with the mounting pins on the board, and push it into place.
    4. Replace the top case and its seven screws (remember to replace the internal speaker’s
    plug).
    5. TCXO-9 installation is now complete. Connect the DC cable to the INPUT jack.

    TCXO-9

    MAIN UNIT

    TCXO-9
    Mounting Location

    DSP

    TX/BUSY

    DWN

    DSP

    UP

    MODE

    Figure 1

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    TX/BUSY

    DWN

    UP

    MODE
    BAND

    BAND

    Figure 2

    121



  • Page 124

    APPENDIX
    SETUP OF MEMORIES FOR LOW EARTH ORBIT (LEO) FM SATELLITE OPERATION
    Although the FT-857D is not capable of “full duplex” operation (simultaneous transmission and reception), its flexible memory system is ideal for configuring a set of memories
    for LEO satellite work.
    The example below is designed around the popular satellite UO-14, but the same principles
    apply to operation using AO-27, and other such satellites.
    First, set up a table of the required operat- CH #
    ing frequencies. For UO-14, a typical
    1
    setup table is shown at the right:
    2

    RX FREQ

    TX FREQ

    NOTES

    435.080 MHz 145.9700 MHz
    AOS
    435.075 MHz 145.9725 MHz
    3
    435.070 MHz 145.9750 MHz Mid Pass
    4
    435.065 MHz 145.9775 MHz
    5
    435.060 MHz 145.9800 MHz
    LOS
    Menu No-004(AM&FM DIAL) must be set to “ENABLE” to set these frequencies in the FM mode.

    The above frequencies are nominal, and
    the changing frequencies reflects the Doppler Shift which occurs on such satellites,
    which display rapid apparent motion relative to an earth-based observer. But if we AOS = Acquisition of Signal (Beginning of Pass)
    LOS = Loss of Signal (End of Pass)
    can accommodate a set of several frequency pairs in our memory system, frequencies that reflect the frequency relationships
    encountered during a typical pass, we will have a good chance of having our frequencies
    properly aligned when it is time for making a QSO.
    So we need to store the above frequency matrix into memories. Note that the receiving
    frequency and transmitting frequency are on different bands. Therefore, we will use the
    “Split Frequency Memory” storage technique described on page 75.
    First, press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob to select Multi
    Function Row “a” [A/B, A=B, SPL]. Press the [A](A/B) key, if necessary, to select VFOa.
    Now press the [BAND(DWN)] or [BAND(UP)] key to select the 70 cm band. Check the
    setting of Menu Mode No-004 [AM&FM DIAL]. and set this to “ENABLE” to allow smaller
    frequency increments to be accommodated.
    Set the VFOa operating frequency to 435.0800.00 MHz. Now press the [A](A/B) key in
    Multi Function Row “a” to select VFOb, and set VFOb to 145.970.00 MHz. Again press the
    [A](A/B) key to return to VFOa. Be sure that both VFOs are set to the FM mode, as well.
    Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, and rotate the SELECT knob one click clockwise to
    select Multi Function Row “b” [MW, SKIP, TAG].
    Press the [A](MW) key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob while the memory
    channel number is blinking; select memory channel M-001, then press and hold in the
    [A](MW) key until you hear the double beep. We have just stored the first downlink (earth
    station receiving) frequency into memory.

    122

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 125

    APPENDIX
    SETUP OF MEMORIES FOR LOW EARTH ORBIT (LEO) FM SATELLITE OPERATION
    Press the [FUNC] key momentarily, then rotate the SELECT knob one click counter-clockwise to re-select Multi Function Row “a” [A/B, A=B, SPL]. Press the [A](A/B) key to select
    VFOb (145.970 MHz).
    Again press the [FUNC] key momentarily, and rotate the SELECT knob one click clockwise to re-select Multi Function Row “b” [MW, SKIP, TAG]. Press the [A](MW) key momentarily; the “M-001” indicator will flash; press and hold in the microphone’s PTT key,
    and while holding it in press the [A](MW) key until you hear the double beep. You have
    now stored the uplink (earth station transmitting) frequency into the same memory register
    as we did previously for the downlink frequency.
    It’s now time to store the other frequencies in the matrix. Return to Multi Function Row “a”
    [A/B, A=B, SPL], and press the [A](A/B) key to return to VFOa on 435.080.00 MHz. Now
    rotate the DIAL knob to set the frequency to 435.075.00 MHz. Press the [A](A/B) key again
    to select VFOb (145.970 MHz), and rotate the DIAL knob to set the frequency to 145.972.50
    MHz. Press the [A](A/B) key to return to VFOa on 435.075.00 MHz. Can’t set the frequencies using the DIAL. Go to Menu No-004 [AM&FM DIAL], and change its setting to “ENABLE.”
    Return to Multi Function “b” [MW, SKIP, TAG], and repeat the Split Memory storage process, selecting memory channel M-002 this time when initially storing the 435.075 MHz
    receiving frequency.
    Now repeat this entire process three more times, filling memory channels M-003, M-004,
    and M-005 with the frequencies shown in the chart above.
    When it’s time to operate, press the [V/M] key, if necessary, to recall the Memory mode, and
    rotate the SELECT knob to select channel M-001. This will be the first frequency pair to be
    utilized during the UO-14 window of workability when it rises above your local horizon.
    The Doppler effect will cause the nominal 435.070 MHz downlink frequency to appear
    higher to you, so utilize memory channel M-001 when the satellite first rises. A few minutes
    later, switch to M-002, and at mid-pass switch to M-003. As the satellite recedes, switch to
    M-004 and then M-005 toward the end of the pass.
    The SELECT knob recall of these five channels makes Doppler tracking simple; just choose
    the memory channel producing the best signal! You have already programmed an uplink
    frequency corresponding to the optimum downlink frequency, so you will not need to try to
    make difficult VFO adjustments during the brief satellite passes.
    The FM passbands used on LEO satellites are sufficiently broad that more precise frequency adjustment is not needed.
    To aid in channel identification, remember that you can use Menu Mode No-056 [MEM

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    123



  • Page 126

    APPENDIX
    SETUP OF MEMORIES FOR LOW EARTH ORBIT (LEO) FM SATELLITE OPERATION
    TAG] to label each satellite memory (for example, “UO-14a” ~ “UO-14e” for the above five
    channels).
    A complete set of frequencies may be stored for each LEO satellite you wish to utilize, and
    once configured, the FT-857D provides a flexible and easy-to-use earth station capability
    for these popular satellites.

    124

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 127

    APPENDIX
    MH-59A8J REMOTE MICROPHONE
    The optional MH-59A8J Remote Microphone provides control of the major functions of the
    FT-857D from the microphone’s keypad. The MH-59A8J includes a rotary control knob for
    adjust the operating frequency and receiver audio volume level.
    Before connecting the MH-59A8J, you must instruct the FT-857D’s microprocessor that
    the MH-59A8J is being used, using the Menu Mode:
    1. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to activate the Menu Mode.
    2. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-001 [EXT MENU], then rotate the
    DIAL to change the setting to “ON” to enable the extended Menu Mode.
    3. Rotate the SELECT knob to recall Menu Mode No-059 [MIC SEL]. The default setting
    for this Menu is “NOR.” Rotate the DIAL to change the setting to “RMT.”
    4. Press and hold in the [FUNC] key for one second to save the new setting and exit to
    normal operation.

    MH-59A8J Switches and Control
    LOCK Switch
    Pressing this key locks the FT-857D’s front panel keys
    so as to prevent accidental frequency change.

    PTT Switch

    1

    2

    3

    A

    Press this switch to transmit, and release it to receive.

    4

    5

    6

    B

    7

    8

    9

    Keypad

    C
    D

    0

    [1(DSP)] key
    Pressing this key provides instant access to Multi Function
    Row “p” (MFp), which contains the command keys for the
    receiver’s Digital Signal Processing System (requires optional
    MH-59
    DSP-2 Unit).
    This key generates the DTMF “1” tone during transmission, and
    frequency entry digit “1” during Direct Keypad Frequency Entry.
    [2(MHz)] key
    Pressing this key allows tuning in 1-MHz steps of the VFO frequency.
    This key generates the DTMF “2” tone during transmission, and frequency entry
    digit “2” during Direct Keypad Frequency Entry.
    [3(CLAR)] key
    Pressing this key momentarily activates the Receiver Clarifier (“R.I.T.”) feature.
    Press and hold in this key for one second to activate the IF Shift feature.
    This key generates the DTMF “3” tone during transmission, and frequency entry
    digit “3” during Direct Keypad Frequency Entry.
    AC

    C

    P1

    P2

    DTMF MICROPHONE

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    125



  • Page 128

    APPENDIX
    MH-59A8J REMOTE MICROPHONE
    [4(HOME)] key
    Pressing this key recalls a favorite “Home” frequency memory.
    This key generates the DTMF “4” tone during transmission, and frequency entry digit “4” during Direct Keypad Frequency Entry.
    [5( MODE)]] key
    Pressing this key changes the operating mode:
    USB
    LSB
    PKT
    DIG
    FM
    AM
    CWR
    CW USB .....

    1

    2

    3

    A

    4

    5

    6

    B

    7

    8

    9

    AC
    C

    C
    D

    0

    P1

    P2

    This key generates the DTMF “5” tone during transmission,
    MH-59
    and frequency entry digit “5” during Direct Keypad Frequency Entry.
    [6(MODE )] key
    Pressing this key changes the operating mode:
    USB CW CWR AM FM DIG PKT LSB USB .....
    This key generates the DTMF “6” tone during transmission, and frequency entry
    digit “6” during Direct Keypad Frequency Entry.
    [7(V/M)] key
    Pressing this key switches frequency control between the VFO and Memory Systems.
    This key generates the DTMF “7” tone during transmission, and frequency entry
    digit “7” during Direct Keypad Frequency Entry.
    [8(DWN BAND)] key
    Pressing this key causes the frequency to be moved down by one frequency band:
    1.8 MHz 430 MHz 144 MHz 108 MHz 88 MHz 50 MHz
    28 MHz 24 MHz 21 MHz 18 MHz 15 MHz 14 MHz 10 MHz
    7 MHz 5 MHz 3.5 MHz 1.8 MHz .....
    This key generates the DTMF “8” tone during transmission, and frequency entry
    digit “8” during Direct Keypad Frequency Entry.
    [9(BAND UP)] key
    Pressing this key causes the frequency to be moved up by one frequency band:
    1.8 MHz 3.5 MHz 5 MHz 7 MHz 10 MHz 14 MHz 15 MHz
    18 MHz 21 MHz 24 MHz 28 MHz 50 MHz 88 MHz
    108 MHz 144 MHz 430 MHz 1.8 MHz .....
    This key generates the DTMF “9” tone during transmission, and frequency entry
    digit “9” during Direct Keypad Frequency Entry.
    DTMF MICROPHONE

    126

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 129

    APPENDIX
    MH-59A8J REMOTE MICROPHONE
    [ ] key
    This key generates the DTMF “F ( )” tone during transmission.
    [0(CTRL)] key
    This key generates the DTMF “0” tone during transmission, and frequency entry
    digit “0” during Direct Keypad Frequency Entry.
    [ENT(#)] key
    Press this key to enter the Direct Keypad Frequency Entry mode.
    Example:
    To enter 14.25000 MHz, press [ENT] [1] [4] [D(point)] [2] [5] [ENT]
    To enter 0.95000 MHz, press [ENT] [D(point)] [9] [5] [ENT]
    You may recall a memory channel, as well;
    To recall memory channel 001, press [ENT] [1] [ ]
    To recall memory channel 125, press [ENT] [1] [2] [5] [ ]
    This key generates the DTMF “E (#)” tone during transmission.
    [A] key
    This key emulates the function of the FT-857D’s front panel [A] key.
    This key generates the DTMF “A” tone during transmission.
    [B] key
    This key emulates the function of the FT-857D’s front panel [B] key.
    This key generates the DTMF “B” tone during transmission.
    [C] key
    This key emulates the function of the FT-857D’s front panel [C] key.
    This key generates the DTMF “C” tone during transmission.
    [F(D)] key
    Press this key momentarily to enable the changing of the function of the Multi Function keys ([A], [B], and [C]) by the SELECT knob.
    Press and hold in this key for one second to activate the “Menu” mode.
    This key generates the DTMF “D” tone during transmission, and frequency entry
    digit “point” during Direct Keypad Frequency Entry.
    [ACC] key
    Press this key to disable the Noise Squelch.
    You may program the configuration of this key, to enable use of a different function,
    via Menu Mode No-068 [PG ACC].
    [PWR(FAST)] key
    Press and hold in this key for one second to turn the transceiver on or off.
    While the transceiver is turned on, pressing this key momentarily will engage the
    “Fast Tuning” mode, to allow more rapid frequency navigation (a small “running
    man” icon will be observed in the bottom right-hand corner of the LCD).

    FT-857D Operating Manual

    127



  • Page 130

    APPENDIX
    MH-59A8J REMOTE MICROPHONE
    [P1] key (Quick Split)
    Press this key to change the Sub VFO frequency
    (Main VFO frequency + 5 kHz) and automatically
    engage the ”Split” feature.
    You may program the configuration of this key, to
    enable use of a different function, via Menu Mode
    No-069 [PG P1].
    [P2] key
    Press this key to engage the 1750-Hz burst tone for
    access of a repeater requiring tone burst (typically
    in Europe).
    You may program the configuration of this key, to
    enable use of a different function, via Menu Mode
    No-070 [PG P2].

    3

    A

    1

    2

    4

    5

    6

    B

    7

    8

    9

    C
    D

    0

    AC

    C

    P1

    P2

    DTMF MICROPHONE

    MH-59

    SEL knob
    This rotary switch is used for VFO frequency tuning, memory
    channel selection, and receiver audio volume level adjustment.

    SEL/DIAL key and Indicator
    The SEL key switches the synthesizer steps of the SEL knob between the fine tuning
    (same as DIAL knob step) and coarse tuning (same as SEL knob step) modes.
    When the “fine tuning” mode is selected, the SEL LED glows orange.
    Press and hold in this key for one second to enable the “VOL” feature, which allows
    adjustment of the receiver audio volume level (by adjusting the SEL knob). When the
    “VOL” feature is engaged, the SEL LED glows green.
    To return to the synthesizer step-selection mode, just press the SEL key.

    [UP]/[DWN] keys
    Press (or hold in) either of these keys to tune (or scan up or down) the operating frequency or through the memory channels. In many ways, these keys emulate the function of the FT-857D’s DIAL knob.

    128

    FT-857D Operating Manual



  • Page 131

    1. Changes or modifications to this device not expressly approved by VERTEX
    STANDARD could void the user’s authorization to operate this device.
    2. This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to
    the following two conditions; (1) this device may not cause harmful
    interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference including
    interference that may cause undesired operation.
    3. The scanning receiver in this equipment is incapable of tuning, or readily
    being altered, by the User to operate within the frequency bands allocated
    to the Domestic public Cellular Telecommunications Service in Part 22.
    Part 15.21: Changes or modifications to this device not expressly approved
    by Vertex Standard could void the user’s authorization to operate this device.
    DECLARATION BY MANUFACTURER
    The Scanner receiver is not a digital scanner and is incapable of being converted
    or modified to a digital scanner receiver by any user.
    WARNING: MODIFICATION OF THIS DEVICE TO RECEIVE CELLULAR
    RADIOTELEPHONE SERVICE SIGNALS IS PROHIBITED UNDER FCC RULES
    AND FEDERAL LAW.



  • Page 132

    Copyright 2009
    VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
    All rights reserved.
    No portion of this manual
    may be reproduced
    without the permission of
    VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.

    Printed in Japan

    E

    H

    0

    0

    7

    M

    1

    0

    2






Missbrauch melden von Frage und/oder Antwort

Libble nimmt den Missbrauch seiner Dienste sehr ernst. Wir setzen uns dafür ein, derartige Missbrauchsfälle gemäß den Gesetzen Ihres Heimatlandes zu behandeln. Wenn Sie eine Meldung übermitteln, überprüfen wir Ihre Informationen und ergreifen entsprechende Maßnahmen. Wir melden uns nur dann wieder bei Ihnen, wenn wir weitere Einzelheiten wissen müssen oder weitere Informationen für Sie haben.

Art des Missbrauchs:

Zum Beispiel antisemitische Inhalte, rassistische Inhalte oder Material, das zu einer Gewalttat führen könnte.

Beispielsweise eine Kreditkartennummer, persönliche Identifikationsnummer oder unveröffentlichte Privatadresse. Beachten Sie, dass E-Mail-Adressen und der vollständige Name nicht als private Informationen angesehen werden.

Forenregeln

Um zu sinnvolle Fragen zu kommen halten Sie sich bitte an folgende Spielregeln:

Neu registrieren

Registrieren auf E - Mails für Yaesu FT-857D wenn:


Sie erhalten eine E-Mail, um sich für eine oder beide Optionen anzumelden.


Holen Sie sich Ihr Benutzerhandbuch per E-Mail

Geben Sie Ihre E-Mail-Adresse ein, um das Handbuch zu erhalten von Yaesu FT-857D in der Sprache / Sprachen: Englisch als Anhang in Ihrer E-Mail.

Das Handbuch ist 4,64 mb groß.

 

Sie erhalten das Handbuch in Ihrer E-Mail innerhalb von Minuten. Wenn Sie keine E-Mail erhalten haben, haben Sie wahrscheinlich die falsche E-Mail-Adresse eingegeben oder Ihre Mailbox ist zu voll. Darüber hinaus kann es sein, dass Ihr ISP eine maximale Größe für E-Mails empfangen kann.

Das Handbuch wird per E-Mail gesendet. Überprüfen Sie ihre E-Mail.

Wenn Sie innerhalb von 15 Minuten keine E-Mail mit dem Handbuch erhalten haben, kann es sein, dass Sie eine falsche E-Mail-Adresse eingegeben haben oder dass Ihr ISP eine maximale Größe eingestellt hat, um E-Mails zu erhalten, die kleiner als die Größe des Handbuchs sind.

Ihre Frage wurde zu diesem Forum hinzugefügt

Möchten Sie eine E-Mail erhalten, wenn neue Antworten und Fragen veröffentlicht werden? Geben Sie bitte Ihre Email-Adresse ein.



Info